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Printed by A. SPOTTISWOODE, 



" BE patient," says an Eastern proverb, " and the mulberry-leaf will become satin." 
The Author of this Volume fears that he has severely exercised the patience of many 
persons by whom its announcement was favourably received. He is not bold enough 
to apply the latter portion of the proverb to the quality of his work ; but he fearlessly 
asserts that his own patience has been the most severely taxed, and he trusts that the 
arduous nature of his task will be deemed a sufficient excuse for the delay which has 
taken place. 

None of the English-Latin Dictionaries extant could be fitly adopted as the basis of 
the new one. The plan of these works is so imperfect, and their Latin is of such doubtful 
quality, and often so decidedly bad, that they would have served rather to embarrass 
than to assist the present undertaking This volume is, in fact, quite independent of 
its unsatisfactory predecessors. It has been composed with the aid of good Dictionaries 
of the English language, Latin-English Lexicons and Dictionaries, with reference to 
classical authorities, and Dictionaries in foreign languages, including the German- 
Latin of Lunemann and others, and especially the French-Latin of Noel. 

Two leading objects have been kept in view throughout this Dictionary ; namely, to 
give good Latin, and to exhibit a complete English vocabulary, with the addition of 
meanings to such words as are often used in various acceptations. The meanings have 
been carefully divided, and arranged. Readers will, of course, judge for themselves 
concerning the value of the whole work ; but a brief notice of some things which have 
been done, or at least attempted, may not be altogether useless. 

The Latin is classical ; that is to say, the words and phrases recommended in this 
Dictionary are such as occur in good Latin writers. Authorities have been copiously 
cited ; but it has not been thought necessary to attach writers' names to all the common 
and well-known words of the language. 

English words expressive of ideas peculiar to modern times have received the best 
renderings which the Author could either find or devise ; but these, together indeed 
with the rest of the work, he submits to the judgment of the learned, with every apology 
for all imperfections, and with a very humble request for candour and indulgence. 
Many words, however, which at first sight appear purely modern, or, for some reason, 
not capable of being directly expressed in Latin, find, in fact, an exact and simple 
representative in some single word, or some very compendious phrase, of a classical 

Barbarous or low Latin has been carefully excluded from the columns of this Dic- 
tionary ; but, in some instances, when a bad word looks like a good one, or when such 
a word has received the sanction of existing English-Latin Dictionaries, the inferior 
Latin has been given in a parenthesis, with the name of a writer in whose works it may 
be found, by way of caution. But the Author does not profess to have pursued this 
plan with respect to all the bad Latin which has been recommended by our earlier 
lexicographers; for, unfortunately, the words to which this description would apply are 
very numerous, and the continual task of warning the reader against the use of them 
would have been, perhaps, equally invidious and needless. 

The English Vocabulary will be found, it is hoped, large enough. It is, in substance, 
a list of English words, such as occur in our standard writers, or are in lawful and 
general use at the present clay. Some terms nearly or quite obsolete have been inserted ; 
especially such as are met with in well-known writers, or in any English compositions 
likely to be proposed for translation into Latin. 


The principal meanings of English words have been exhibited in such order as 
appeared best ; but, for the sake of brevity, this system has not been extended to mean- 
ings which are either doubtful or uncommon. When a word occurs in any sense not 
noticed in its place, let the student consider by what other English word that meaning 
is expressed, and look for such word under its owrt head. 

Many phrases and common combinations of English words have been quoted, and 
supplied with Latin renderings. But here some bounds were to be observed ; and the 
Author was continually reminded that he had not undertaken to compile a Phrase-book, 
but to make a Dictionary. It was necessary also to keep down the bulk and price of 
the volume as much as might be consistent with the completeness of the work. In 
many cases, a phrase is given chiefly for the purpose of showing the use of some Latin 
word not previously mentioned. 

Let it always be remembered that this book is designed as a COMPANION, and in many 
respects simply as an INDEX, to the corresponding LATIN-ENGLISH DICTIONARY already 
published. The student is referred to that Dictionary for all additional information 
relating to the genders and inflexions, uses, government, and construction of words, 
the difference of synonyms, turn and application of phrases, variations of style, and 
whatever may facilitate elegant Latin composition. 

The Author begs leave to return sincere thanks to numerous College and Private 
Tutors, Heads of Schools, and the Public at large, for their exceedingly kind and 
favourable reception of his Latin-English Dictionary, to which he has thus had 
occasion to refer. His acknowledgments are due, more especially, to those learned 
individuals who have kindly communicated their critical suggestions and remarks. The 
observations which have been sent to him by private channels, as well as those which 
have appeared in public reviews, are equally scholar-like and kind ; nor will they fail to 
meet with all due attention. 

The work is, at last, complete. The task of composing it has been wearisome as well 
as long. Let scholars and students treat the whole book according to their estimation of 
its worth. 

The Author desires most devoutly to express his gratitude to the Giver- of all 
Good, who has supplied him with health ^nd strength during the period of nearly ten 
years in which the work of Latin Lexicography has been upon his hands. In depend- 
ence on the same Divine Providence, he devotes himself henceforth to labours purely 
theological and pastoral, such as are more congenial to his taste, and more strictly 
in accordance with his duty. 

J. E. R. 

HARROW, July 14. 1838. 




A . I. As an indefinite article before nouns singular ; 
for the most part not expressed in Latin ; as, A dog ; 
canis. II. One, unus ; e. g. all to a man ; ad unum 
omnes. III. Some ; quidara ; e. g. a man ; homo qui- 
dam. IV. Each, every ; singuli, se, a ; or it is ex- 
pressed by a noun singular after in ; e. g. a day (each 
day) ; in diem. A man (each man) ; in singula capita, or, 
in singulos homines. Four acres a man; quaterna in 
singulos jugera Many a man ; multi (sc. homines). 
V. Before a participle, after a verb of motion ; e. g. To 
go a hunting ; ire venatum. VI. In denoting a space 
of time ; e. g. Once a year; semel in anno i semel singulis 

ABAFT, ad. A puppi ; a tergo ; puppim versus.. 

To ABANDON, v. a. I. To give up, resign ; renun- 

ciare ; abjicere ; omittere To abandon one's self to 

anything; alicui rei sese dedere, To abandon hope; 
abjicere omnem spem. II. To desert, forsake ; relin- 
quere ; deserere ; derelinquere ; destituere. III. To 
abandon a wife ; repudiare To abandon a son ; abdi- 

ABANDONED, part. a. i. e. Wicked t corrupt; pejditus; 
flagitiosus ; nequam ; pessimus. 

ABANDONMENT, s. Derelictio ; relictio ; desertio. 

To ABASE, v. a. Humilem reddere; deprimere; dig- 
nitatem alicujus minuere ; de gradu dejicere To abase 

one's self; se demittere ; se abjicere. 

ABASEMENT, s. I. The act of bringing low; de- 
jectio ; depressio. II. A loiv state ; humilis status. 

To ABASH, v. a. Afficere aliquem pudore ; injicere 
alicui pudorem Abashed; pudore affectus ; pudibundus ; 

To ABATE, v. a. I. To diminish ; minuere ; immi- 
nuere; deminuere. II. To depress ; as, to abate one's 
courage, animum frangere. III. To let down the price 
in selling ; deducere de summa ; detrahere ; subtrahere. 

To ABATE, v. n. i.e. To grow less ; minui ; imminui : 
(of pain) remitti ; remittere ; mitigari ; leniri. 

ABBESS. 5. Abbatissa ; sacrarum virginum antistes, or 
antistita; maxima virgo (Suetonius applies this term to 
the chief of the Vestals). 

ABBEY, s. Abbatia, ae, f. 

ABBOT, s. Abbas, atis, m. ; abbatiae prsefectus. 

To ABBREVIATE, v. a, I. To shorten by contraction ; 
contrahere ; aliquid brevius reddere. To contract words ; 
verba decurtare ; contrahere ; compendiis scribendi uti ; 
per compendia scribere. II. To shorten, cut short; 
decurtare ; circumcidere ; circumscribere. 

ABBREVIATURE, s. Circumscriptio ; contractio rei or 
verborum ; (of words) compendium scribendi. 

To ABDICATE, v. a. i. e. To resign (an office) ; depo- 
nere munus ; renuntiare muneri ; abdicate se munere ; 
munus abdicare. 

ABDICATION, s. Abdicatio muneris, Liv. 

ABERRATION, s. Aberratio ; erratic ; error. 

To ABET. v. a. I. To encourage; concitare ; inci- 
tare ; instigare ; excitare ; impellere. II. To help ; 
alicui succurrere ; opera, auxilium ferre; auxiliari ; esse 
auxilio ; aliquem adjuvare, juvare, &c. 

ABETTOR, s. Concitator ; impulsor ; qui adjuvat. 

ABEYANCE, s. Spes alicui succedendi. 

To ABHOR, v. a. Aversari, detestari rem ; also, ab- 
horrere aliquem, aliquid, or ab aliquo ; alienissimum 
animum habere ab aliquo ; invisum habere ; Cic. 

ABHORRENCE, s. Aversatio ; detestatio ; or by a verb, 
as, facto aversando, &c. 


ABHORRENT, a. I. Struck with abhorrence ; alienus 
a re ; Cic. II. Inconsistent with, contrary to, foreign; 
aversus ; contrarius ; remotus ; alienus. 

To ABIDE, v. n. I. To dwell; habitare in loco, or 
locum ; colere, or incolere, locum. II. To remain, not 
to cea&e or fail ; durare. III. To continue ; manere. 

To ABIDE, v. a. I. To wait for, expect; exspec- 
tare. II. To bear, support, endure; pati ; perpeti; 
ferre; perferre; tolerare; sustinere. III. To bear 
without aversion; tolerare. IV. To abide by any 
thing ; permanere in re ; stare re, or in re. To abide 
by one's promise ; stare promissis. 

ABILITY, s. I. Power ; potentia; potestas. II. 
Skill: peritia; scientia. III. Riches ; divitia? ; facul- 
tates. IV. Strength ; vires, pi. V. Capacity, qua- 
lification ; facultas. VI. PI. Abilities, i. e. faculties or 
powers of the mind ; vires, or dotes, animi. 

ABJECT, a. I. Worthless, mean; vilis ; humilis; 
abjectus ; Cic. : contemptu dignus ; contemnendus. 
II. Without hope ; demissus ; fractus. 

ABJECTLY, ad. Abjecte ; humiliter ; demisse. 

ABJECTNESS or ABJECTION, s. i. e. Meanness, base- 
ness ; humilitas animi ; animus abjectus, Quint. 

ABJURATION, s. Ejuratio ; abnegatio jurata. 

To ABJURE, v. a. I. To swear not to do some- 
thing ; ejurare rem ; or, jurejurando interposito abnegare 
rem ; or, jurare se aliquid non esse facturum. II. To 
retract or deny upon oath ; interposito jurejurando re- 
nuntiare rei ; abjurare ; ejurare ; jurejurando negare. 

ABLATIVE CASE, (in grammar) Ablativus casus ; sextua 
casus, us. 

ABLE. a. I. Of great power ; potens ; prsepollens. 
II. Of power sij(fficient ; idoneus ; habilis ; aptus ad 
rem ; potens ; valens. 

To BE ABLE. v. n. Posse; valere ; pollere ; quire. 

ABLE-BODIED, a. Robustus ; firmus ; fortis. 

ABLUTION, s. Lavatio ; lotura ; Plin. fablutio ; lotio ; 

ABNEGATION, s. Abnegatio ; abjuratio ; renuntiatio ; 

ABODE, s. I. Place of residence ; sedes ; habitatio ; 
domicilium ; Cic. II. Stay, continuance ma place; 

To ABOLISH, v. a. I. To annul ; abrogare; anti- 
quare ; exstinguere ; abolere ; tollere ; Cic To ab- 
olish a law ; legem delere, abrogare, tollere, refigere, 
rescindere, antiquare, obliterare, Cic. To abolish a cus- 
tom ; morem solvere, Ter. : consuetudinem adimere, 
Tac. To abolish games; ludos perimere ac tollere, 

Cic To abolish taxes; abrogare vectigalia, Caes. 

II. To destroy; delere ; abolere ; exstinguere ; exstirpare ; 
tollere. To be abolished ; aboleri ; exstingui, &c. ; 
obsolescere, Cic. : exolescere, Col. : interire, Ov. 

ABOLITION, s. Abrogatio ; exstinctio, Cic. : abolitio, 
Quint. Of a law ; legis interitus, us ; abrogatio ; abo- 
litio ; Cic. 

ABOMINABLE, a. Aversandus ; abominandus ; detes- 
tandus ; horrendus ; horribilis ; atrox. 

ABOMINABLY, ad. Abominandum in modum, Cic. ; 
atrociter ; fcede. 

To ABOMINATE, v. a. Aversari ; detestan rem ; hor- 
rere ; abominari ; also, abhorrere, Cic. 

ABOMINATION, s. I. Hatred, detestation ; aversatio ; 
detestatio ; exsecratio ; Cic. II. The object of hatred ; 
res abominanda, horrenda, &c. (Tertullian says, abomi- 



ABORTION.*. I. Theact of bringing forth untimely; 
abortio. II. The produce of an untimely birth; abor- 
tus, us, Cic. (Hieronymus says, abortium.) 

ABORTIVE, a. I. Brought forth before due time; 
abortivus. II. That fails'; qui non procedit ; exitum 
felicem non habens. To be abortive ; in vanum cedere ; 
frustra esse. 

To ABOUND, v. n. I. (followed by with or in) To 
have in great plenty ; habere rem abundanter ; abundare, 
aflluere," circumfluere, re. Abounding in any thing ; re 
abundans, or affluens ; re, or rei, plenus. II. To be in 
great plenty ; superesse ; abundare. All things abound 
with you ; omnia apud te abundant ; tibi satis superque 

ABOUT, prep. I. Bound, encircling ; circa ; eircum. 

II. Near to ; (of place) circa ; eircum : (of time) 

circiter ; sub ; versus. About noon ; circiter meridiem. 

(Of number, &c.) ad; e. g. ad deccm millia, about ten 

thousand. III. Concerning, relating to; de ; super. 

IV. On account of; propter ; ob ; causa, gratia, 
with a genitive ; frequently an ablative, with verbs de- 
noting an emotion of the mind ; as, gaudere aliqua re. 

V. Engaged in, employed upon ; in, with ablat. ; 
e. g. in hoc negotio, about this business. To be about 
any thing; in aliqua reoccupari, versari ; tractare aliquid ; 
moliri. VI. Appendant to the person ; cum; e.g. 
cum me, about me, 

ABOUT, ad. I. Circularly ; in circuit ; circa; eir- 
cum ; circumcirca, II. Nearly; propemodum ; ferme ; 
fere; plus minus. III. Here and there, every way ; 
ubique ; circumquaque. IV. With ' to ' before a verb ; 
as, about to fly : usually expressed by the future in rus ; 
About to write; scripturus. V. The longest way ; e. g. 
this way is round about ; hie via est circuitus ; hie sunt 
ambages ; via ducit per ambages. VI. To bring about, 
i. e. to bring to the point or state desired ; conficere ; 
efficere ; perficere ; ad exitum adducere or perducere. 

VII. To come about, or be brought about; effici ; 
confici ; perfjei. VIII. To go about a thing, i. e. to 
prepare to do it; aggredi rem; rem tractare. N. B. 
To be about, i. e. in course of being done, fyc. ; agi ; 
ABOVE, prep. I. Higher in place ; super; supra. 

II. More in quantity or number ; plus mplius ; 
unagis quam. III. Higher in rank, power, or excel- 
lence ; prasstantior ; superior. IV. Superior to, un- 
attainable by ; ultra; supra; super vires alicujus. 
V. Beyond ; more than ; super ; supra ; praster ; extra. 

He is above twenty years old ; natus est major viginti 
annos (annis) ; natus est amplius (plus) viginti an- 
norum ; major est viginti annorum. Above three 
fingers broad ; latior tribus digitis. Above all ; potis- 

simum ; ante omnia. Over and above ; ad ; extra ; supra. 

ABOVE, ad. i.e. Over-head; supra Over and above ; 
insuper ; ad extra; super haec. From above ; desuper ; 

To BE ABOVE, v. n. I. To be higher ; exstare. 
II. To excel ; praestare ; superare ; superior evadere. 

ABOVE-GROUND, a, i. e. Not in the grave ; in vivis. 

ABOVE-MENTIONED, a. Supra dictus, or memoratus. 

ABREAST, ad. ^Equatis frontibus. To march or go 
abreast; una ire aequatis frontibus, Virg. 

To ABRIDGE, v. a. I. To shorten by contraction ; 
contrahere ; decurtare. II. To shorten, cut short ; de- 
curtare; circumcidere ; circumscribere. III. To de- 
prive of ; privare aliquem re ; spoliare aliquem re. 

ABRIDGMENT, s. I. A larger ivork contracted into 
a smaller compass; compendium ; epitome ; surnma. 
II. A diminution in general ; circumscriptio ; con- 

ABROAD, ad. I. Without confinement, at large ; 
libere ; solute. II. Out of the house; foris ; in pub- 
lico To come abroad ; ex adibus egredi ; domo pro- 
dire ; e foribus or tectis excedere. III. In another 
country ; peregre. IV. In all directions ; this way 
and that ; late ; passim ; undique, usquequaque. 

To ABROGATE v. a. Atoolere ; tollere ; rescindere ; 
antiquare ; abrogare : also, irritum rcddere. 

ABROGATION, s. Abolitio ; abrogatio. 

ABRUPT, a. I. Broken, craggy; praeruptus ; abrup- 
tus. II. Sudden; repentinus ; subitus. III. Un- 
connected ; interruptus. 

ABRUPTLY, ad. i.e. Hastily ; subito, repentc. 

ABSCESS, s. Abscessus, us, Cels. : abscessio ; yo- 
mica ; Cic. To open an abscess ; vomicam aperire, 
Cic. ; perforare, Curt. An abscess forms ; aliquid 

abscedit, Cels An abscess breaks; abscessus erum- 

pit, Cels. 

To ABSCOND, v. n. i. e. To hide one's self ; se abscon- 
dere, occulere, occultare, celare ; or, abscondi, &c. 

ABSENCE, s. I. Opposed to presence; absentia, Cic. 

A thing was done in my absence ; me absente factum 
est. I could not in my absence ; absens non poteram. 

II. Heedlessness ; incuria ; negligentia. 
ABSENT, a. 1. Not present ; absens. II. Inat- 
tentive ; negligens ; mente non adtenta ; alta medita- 
tione defixus; velut a corpore sejunctus ; Cic. He is 

absent ; alias res agit ; ejus vagatur, or alio peregrinatur, 
animus, Cic. 

To BE ABSENT, v. n. Abesse ; non interesse rei To 

absent one's self y non comparere. 

ABSOLUTE, a. 1. Complete ; perfectus ; consum- 
matus ; perfectus, or absolutus, omnibus nuraeris. II. 
Unconditional; absolutus, Cic.; simplex; carens ad- 
junctione, or conditione. III. Not relative j absolutus ; 
simplex et absolutus. IV. Sovereign, independent; 
summus, Cic An absolute prince ; summus imperil 

arbiter, Ov. ; penes quern est summa rerum potestas 

To be absolute master ; dominatu omnia tenere ; impe- 
rio potiri ; Caes. 

ABSOLUTION. *. Absolutio ; culpae liberatio ; Cic. 

To ABSOLVE, v. a. I. To acquit of a crime; ali- 
quem crimine, or de crimine, absolvere ; a scelere libe- 
rare ; Cic. Absolved; absolutus; scelere liberatus ; 
crimine solutus ; criminis, crimine, absolutus ; Cic. 
II. To free from an engagement or promise ; solvere ; 
liberare. III. To pronounce a sin remitted (in the ec- 
clesiastical sense) ; liberum pronuntiare ; fatentibus pec- 
cata remittere. 

To ABSORB, v. a. Absorbere, Cic. ; fig., absorbere : 
exsorbere ; absumere ; Cic. To be absorbed in any 
business or matter; in re totum esse, or versari, Cic. 
The interest absorbs the capital; usuraa sortem mer- 
gunt, Liv. 

To ABSTAIN, v. n. Se abstinere ; temperare sibi ab, 
or in, re ; abstinere re, or a re ; Cic. 

ABSTEMIOUS, a. Sobrius ; abstinens , temperans ; 
continens ; abstemius, Varr. : vini abstemius, Plin. 

ABSTEMIOUSNESS, s. Abstinentia, Quint., Tac. : tern, 
perantia ; continentia. 

ABSTINENCE, s. I. Forbearance ; abstinentia ; con- 
tinentia ; temperantia (re). II. Fasting; abstinentia 
cibi ; jejunium. 

ABSTINENT, a. Abstinens ; continens ; temperatus ; 
sobrius ; homo non multi cibi, Cic. 

To ABSTRACT, v. a. 1. To take one thing from an- 
other ; abstrahere; eruere ; elicere. II. lo separate 
ideas ; mentem a singulis ad universa revocare, or evo- 
care ; abstrahere; separare ; sejungere. III. To re- 
duce to an epitome contrahere ; decurtare ; compendium 

ABSTRACT, a. Abstractus, praecisus, sejunctus ; as, An 
abstract idea ; notio abstracta. It seems necessary to 
retain the word for the sake of perspicuity. 

ABSTRACT, s. i.e. An epitome ; compendium. 

ABSTRACTEDLY, ABSTRACTLY, ad. Abstracte ; sepa- 
ratim (of doubtful use). 

ABSTRACTION, s. Actio animi partem a toto abstra- 
hentis ; sejunctio, Cic. 

ABSTRUSE. I. Hidden; tectus ; contectus ; obtectus ; 
opertus ; celatus. II. Remote fron. apprehension; 
obscurus ; a communi hominum captu remotior ; haud 
"ntelligibilis : dimcilis intellectu : abstrusns ; reconditus ; 
abditus ; Cic. The abstruse sciences ; interiores et re- 
conditae literae, Cic. 

ABSURD, a. Absurdus ; insulsus ; ineptus ; a communi 
sensu abhorrens ; Cic. 

ABSURDITY, s. I. The quality of 'being absurd ; in- 
sulsitas, Cic. (Absurditas is used by Claud. Mamert.) 
II. That which is absurd; ineptiae, arum, pi.; res 
absurda : res inepta ; absurde, inepte, or iusulse dictum ; 

ABSURDLY, ad. Absurde ; inepte ; insulse ; Cic. 

ABUNDANCE, s. I. Plenty; copia; abundantia ; 
Cic. II. More than enough; redundantia, Cic. 
Affatim vini ; Abundance of wine, &c. To have in 
ibundance ; habere abimde rem. 

ABUNDANT, a. I. Plentiful; copiosus; uber ; abun- 
:lans ; affluens; circumfluens ; Cic. II. Exuberant; 

ABUNDANTLY, ad. I. In plenty; abundanter; 

ibunde ; adfatim ; copiose. II. More than sufficiently; 
ex abundanti, Quint, ; iiimis ; satis superque. 

To ABUSE, v. a. I. To make an ill use of; abuti. 
II. To deceive ; iJiquem fallere, decipere, circumve- 
nire, inducere. III. ( Carnally) ; vitiare ; stuprare. 
IV. To revile; invehi in aliquem; increpare aliquem; 
objurgare, &c. 

ABUSE, s. I. Ill use of anything; abusus, us. 

II. A corrupt practice ; a bad custom ; mos pravus. 

III. Rude reproach; convicium ; maledictum ; probrum. 
ABUSIVE, a. i.e. Rudely reproachful; maledicus ; con- 


ABYSS, s. Barathrum ; vorago ; gurges. 

ACADEMY, s. I. A learned assembly or society ; 
acroasis, Cic. II. An university ; universitas litera- 
rum ; academia. III. A private school; schola ; ludus. 

To ACCEDE, v. n. I. To be added to; accedere. 
[I. To assent ; consentire in rem ; adnuere rei ; probare 

To ACCELERATE, v. a. Maturare ; accelerare ; festi- 
nare rem. 

ACCENT, s. I. The manner of speaking or pronoun- 
cing ; vox ; vocis, or pronuntiandi, sonus, Cic. : vociu 



flexus, Quint. II. The sound of a syllable ; accentus , 
sonus, Cic. Or. 17. III. The mark of a syllable ; apex ; 
accentus, as ; Quint. 

To ACCENT, v. a. I. To pronounce with an accent; 
suas quasque literas sonis enuntfare, Quint. ; vocalium 
sonum spiritu inflexo variare, Plin. ; cum accentu efterre 
vocabulum. 11. To mark with an accent. ; notare apice 
or accentu ; suum vocalibus accentum ascribere, or ap- 

ponere, Quint To mark with an acute accent ; acuere 

(syllabam), Quint. 

To ACCENTUATE, v. a.. 3sotare apice or accentu. See 

To ACCEPT, v. a, I. To take with pleasure ; acci- 
pere ; gratuin et acceptum habere. II. To accept per- 
sons, i.e. to act with personal regard / rationem habere 
hominum ; respicere homines. 

ACCEPTABLE, a. i. e. Grateful, pleasing; gratus ; ju- 
cundus ; suavis ; acceptus. 

ACCEPTABLENESS. s. Must be expressed by a peri- 
phrase; as, conditio, cum tarn digna esset quae adciperetur, 
movit eum ; The acceptableness of, &c. 

ACCEPTATION, s. I. Reception; adceptio. II. 
Meaning (of a word) ; sensus ; sententia ; vis. 

ACCESS, s. I. The way by which any thing' may be 
approached; aditus; accessus. II. Means or liberty 
of approach; aditus. To have access to any one ; habere 
aditum ad aliquem ; habere facultatem, or copiam, ade- 
undi ; posse accedere ad aliquem ; aditus patet ad aliquem ; 
copia alicujus est ; ad aliquem licet adcedere, adire. 

III. Increase, addition; incrementum ; auctus; also, 
augmentum ; accessio, Cic. IV. The return or Jit of a 
distemper ; offensio ; impetus ; accessus, Plin. 

ACCESSARY or -ORY. a. Socius culpae ; reus culpse 
ejusdem ; sceleris, or facinoris, particeps. 

ACCESSIBLE, a. I. (Of a place) ; patens ; qui adiri 
potest ; quern adire licet. ( Tertullian says, accessibilis. ) 
To be accessible ; patere ; adiri posse To make accessi- 
ble ; palefacere ; aperire. II. (Of a person) ; qui adiri 

ACCESSION. 5. I. Increase by something added; 
additamentum, accessio. II. The act of coming to, or 
joining one' s setf to ; accessus. III. The act of arriving 
at ; e. g. accession to a throne ; adeptio regni. 

ACCESSORY, a. i. e. Additional; additus ; adjunctus, 

ACCIDSNCE. s. i. e. Rudiments of grammar ; gram- 
matices elementa. 

ACCIDENT, s. I. A non-essential quality ; quod non 
pertinet ad naturam rei. ( Apuleius and Tertullian say, 
accidens.) II. A casualty, chance; casus fortuitus ; 

ACCIDENTAL, a. I. Non-essential; non pertinens ad 
naturam rei ; non conjunctus cum natura rei. II. 
Casual, fortuitous ; fortuitus ; adventitius. 

ACCLAMATION or ACCLAIM, s. Acclamatio. (Inclama- 
tio, Tertuil.) 

ACCLIVITY, s. Acclivitas. 

To ACCOMMODATE, v. a. I. To supply with conveni- 
ences of any sort / instruere aliquem aliqua re ; scppedi- 
tare ; sufficere. II. To adapt, adjust ; aptare ; accom- 
modave ; facere ut aliquid alicui conveniat. III. To 
settle (a difference) ; componere ; dirimere. X 

ACCOMMODATION, s. 1. Provision of conveniences ; 
suppeditatio ; fc instructio ; comparatio ; paratus. II. 
(in the piural) Conveniences; commoditates. III. 
Adaptation ; apta ratio, or natura rei ; convenientia. 

IV. Composition of a difference; reconciliatio ; 
pacis redintegratio. 

To ACCOMPANY, v. a. I. As a companion; comitari ; 
prosequi; se comitem dare. II. In music ; sbciare 
cantum vocis, or fidium, cum voce vel instrumento ali- 

ACCOMPLICE, s. Socius culpa? ; rous culpae ejusdem ; 
sceleris, or facinoris, particeps. 

To ACCOMPLISH, v. a. I. To complete; perficere ; 
absolvere ; consummate ; conficere ; peragere. II. To 
fulfil (a-prophecy) ; satisfacere ; exitum rei dare : hence, 
To befu(filled; exitum habere, rvenire. We may say also, 
exitus vaticinio respondit. III. To adorn or furnish ; 
ornare ; exornare ; colere : excolere. Accomplished ; 

ACCOMPLISHMENT, s. I. Completion; consummatio ; 
absolutio; confectio ; perfectio; peractio. II. Of a 
prophecy ; exitus. (Augustine says, completio.) III. 
Embellishment; ornatus ; cultus. 

To ACCORD, v.n. i.e. To agree ; congruere ; conve- 
nire ; consentire alicui rei, or homini, or cum nomine. 
(In opinion) ; consentire. 

ACCORD, s. I. An agreement, compact ; pactum ; con- 
ventum. II. Concur rence, union of mind ; consensus; 
consensio; concordia. III. (in music) Concentus ; 
concentio. IV. Own accord, voluntary motion. Of 
one's own accord ; sponte ; ultro ; voluntate' .niea, tua, 

ACCORDING, part. 1. Agreeably to ; secnndum ; ex ; 
pro ; and sometimes de ; e. g. de sententia mea ; Accord- 
ing to my opinion Or we may render, According to my 
opinion ,- ut judico ; ut puto ; quantum judico. II. In 

proportion; pro. III. According as ; prout; perinde 
ut ; pro eo ac, or atque ; utcunque. 
ACCORDINGLY, ad. Ideo ; sic ; pariter ; congruen- 

To ACCOST, v. a. Appellare ; alloqui ; affari ; com- 

ACCOUNT, s. I. A computation; ratio ; calculus A 

little account ; ratiuncula To make up an account; rati- 
onem cum aliquo computare, putare, habere: rationes sub- 
ducere cum aliquo. To bring in an account; rationem 
reddere, referre To clear or balance an account ; rati- 
ones absolvere To examine an account; rationes (dis- 
pungere) recensere To draw out an account ; rationes 

conficere. The account is correct; ratio constat On 

account, i. e. on credit ; non numerata (i. e. non praesente) 
pecunia On my account ; meo nomine. Put it to my 
account; prop., transfer in meas rationes ; fig., tribue 
mini; adscribe mihi It is put to your account; im- 

putatur tibi To come into an account; computari ; 

rationibus inferri. II. Value or estimation ; dignity; 
rank; pretium ; aastimatio To make great account of ; 
magni aestimare, facere, pendere, ducere. To make no 

account of; flocci, nauci, nihili, non magni pendere. 

Of great account; carus ; magni pretii. Of no ac- 
count ; vilis ; nullius pretii; nihili To be of some or 
no account; aliquo, vel nullo,essenumero,pretio. III. 
Regard, consideration, sake ; on account of ; propter ; 
ob ; causa or gratia with a genitive ; frequently rendered 
by an ablative with verbs denoting an emotion of the 
mind, as, gaudere aliqua re On that account ; ea de 
causa ; hac ratione. IV. A narrative, relation; narra- 
tio ; commemoratio ; expositio. To give an account of 
any thing ; rem ordine exponere ; narrare ; referre. 
V. Explanation ; ratio To give an account of 
one's actions _: rationem reddere To demand an 
account ; poscere rationem. . 

To ACCOUNT, v. a. I. To esteem, deem, judge, con- 
sider ; habere; aestimare ; facere; habere aliquem (pro 
dncto, or doctum) ; aliquis mihi videtur esse (doctus). 
II. To reckon, compute ; ratiocinari ; numeros tractare ; 
computare. III. To give an account, assign the causes ; 
reddere rationem rei, or de re. IV. To make up the 
reckoning ; to answer for a practice ; luere or persol vere 
aliquid ; or luere, persolvere ; dare pcenam alicujus rei. 

V. To hold in esteem : magni aestimare, facere, &c. 
ACCOUNTABLE, a. e. g. You are accountable for ; tu 
debes rem praestare, or defendere ; tibi est res praestanda, 

ACCOUNTANT, s. Rationarius ; ratiocinator. 
ACCOUNT- BOOK. 5. Rationarium ; codex accepti et ex- 
pensi ; tabella. 

To ACCOUTRE, v. a. Armare ; instruere armis, &c. 
ACCOUTREMENT, s. Armatus ; ornatus ; pi., arma. 
To ACCRUE, v.n. I. To be added; accedere; per- 
venire. II. To arise as profit ; ex aliqua re oriri ; 
nasci ; existere. 

To ACCUMULATE, v. a. Cumulare ; accumulare ; co- 

To ACCUMULATE, v. n. Cumulari ; accumulari ; cres- 
cere ; augeri. 

ACCUMULATION. 5. I. The act of accumulating ; ac- 
cumulatio ; coacervatio. II. That which is accumu- 
lated; acervus ; cumulus. 

ACCURACY, s. Diligentia , cura ; accuratio. With 
accuracy ; accurate ; diligenter ; magna cum cura, or 

ACCURATE, a. I. Exact, opposed to negligence or ig- 
norance ; diligens ; accuratus. II. Exact, without de- 
fect or failure ; exactus ; accuratus. 

ACCURATELY, ad. Accurate ; ad amussim ; exquisite. 
ACCURSED, part. a. I. Doomed to misery ; exsecra- 
tus ; devotus. II. Hateful, detestable; detestandus ; 
aversandus ; abominandus. 

ACCUSATION, s. I. The act of accusing ; accusatio ; 
criminatio ; delatio nominis ; actio. A false accusation ; 
calumnia. II. The charge brought against any one ; 

ACCUSATIVE, a. (in grammar) Casus quarftus. 
To ACCUSE, v. a. I. To charge with a crime ; ac- 
cusare ; incusare ; insimulare aliquem rei ; criminari ali- 
quem de re, or aliquem fecisse, &c. ; dare alicui aliquem 
crimini. To try an action in a court of justice ; nomen 
alicujus deferre (e. g. de furto) ; accusare aliquem (e.g. 
furti) ; in jus aliquem vocare ; diem alicui dicere; acti- 
onem intendere ; reum agere. II. To blame, find fault 
u'ith ; vituperare ; reprehendere ; culpare ; accusare ; 
aliquid alicui vitio vertere. 

ACCUSER.*. Accusator ; actor. A false accuser; 

To ACCUSTOM, v. a. Assuefacere aliquem ad aliquid, 
alicui'fei; aliqua re ; or with an infinitive. Consuefacere, 
with an infinitive only. To be accustomed; solere ; 
assuescere ; consuescere. 
ACCUSTOMARY. rt. Usitatus ; usurpatus ; sohtus. 

ArE. s. On cards or dice ; unitas ; monas /( ithm 

an ace ; propemodum ; parum nbost, quin, &c. 

ACERBITY, s. I. A rough sour tastc^ acerbitas ; aus- 
U 2 


teritas. II. Harshness of temper ; acerbitas ; austeri- 
tas ; sever! tas. 

ACHE. s. Dolor Headache, toothache, 8(c. ; capi- 

tis dolor, dentium, &c The bellyache ; tormina, pi. 

To ACHIEVE, v. a. I. To perform, finish ; peragere 
conficere; patrare. II. To get, obtain ; assequi; po- 
tiri ; obtinere. 

ACHIEVEMENT, s. I. A noble exploit ; facinus egre- 
gium, praeclarum, &c. ; plur. res gesta?. II. (in he- 
raldry) Insigne. 

ACID. adj. Acidus. Somewhat acid; acidulus, or 

ACID. s. Res acida ; acidum. To acidulate ; acidum 

ACIDITY, s. Aciditas ; acor ; acrimonia. 

To ACKNOWLEDGE, v. a. I. To own any thing or 

person in a particular character ; agnoscere , cognoscere, 

II. To confess, as a fault ; fateri ; confiteri ; in se 

suscipere. III. To own, as a benefit ; profited ; se 

memorem praastare. 

ACKNOWLEDGMENT, s. I. Admission of any charac- 
ter in another ; agnitio. II. Of a fault confessio. 
III. Of a benefit ; i. e. a grateful return; grati animi 
significatio. N.B. This word may generally be ren- 
dered by the verb. 

ACORN, s. Glans A little acorn ; glandula That 

bears acorns ; glandifer. 

To ACQUAINT, v. a. Certiorem facere aliquem ; sig- 
nificare ; nuntiare alicuL 

ACQUAINTANCE, s. I. Knowledge; notitia ; cognitio ; 
scienti rei. II. Familiar knoirtcdge, short of friend- 
ship ; familiaritas ; usus To form an acquaintance ; 
alicujus familiaritatem sibi comparare / have no ac- 
quaintance, no close acquaintance, with ; nulla magna 
familiaritas mihi est, or intercedit, cum aliquo ; or, non 
multum utor aliquo. III. The person with whom one 
is acquainted ; notus ; familiaris To have a great or 
extensive acquaintance ; multos habere familiares. 

To ACQUIESCE, v. n. acquiescere in re, or re ; requies- 
cere in re. 

ACQUIESCENCE, s. I. Rest, content ; assensus. 
II. Submission; obtemperatio. 

To ACQUIRE, v. a. 1. To get ; acquirere ; compa- 
rare ; assequi ; consequi. II. To learn ; discere. 

ACQUISITION, s. I. The act of acquiring ; compa- 
ratio, Cic. ; paratio, Sail. (Acquisitio, Tertull.) When 
labour or difficulty is implied, the verbs consequor, asse- 
quor, pario, are employed. II. The thing gained ; 
quajsitum ; res qutesita ; qusestus ; fructus. 

To ACQUIT, v. a. I. To absolve from guilt; absol- 

vere; liberare (Publicly) ; insontem declarare. II. 

To clear from an obligation ; liberare; solvere. III. 
To acquit one's self, i. e. to discharge one's duty ; officio 
fungi . 

ACQUITTAL, s. Liberatio. 

ACQUITTANCE, s. i. e. A receipt, discharge, writing 
testifying the payment of a debt ; apocha ; testimonium 
literarum de soluta pecunia. To give an acquittance; 
dare, &c. 

ACRID, ACRIMONIOUS, a. Acer; acidus. 
ACRIMONY, s. \. Sharpness ; acrimonia ; acerbitas ; 
acor. II. Sharpness of temper ; acerbitas ; austeritas ; 

ACROSS, ad, i. e. Athwart; transverse ; oblique ; ex, 
or de, transverse. 

ACROSTIC, s. Acrostichis (Graece), Cic. 
To ACT. v. n. I. To be in action ; agere ; facere. 

II. To perform the proper functions ; officio fungi; 
fungi munere, &c. Ill, To conduct one's self; se 

To ACT. v. a. I. As a stage-player ; agere ; per- 
sonam alicujus ferre To act a play ; fabulam (comce- 
diam, tragcediam) dare, edere. Hence, To act one's 
part; officio suo fungi. IL To counterfeit, feign by 
action; imitari ; also, simulare. III. To produce ef- 
fects in a.pazsive.t'u.bject; vim Miam exserere ; efficacem 

ACT. *. I. A deed, exploit ; factum ; facinus ; opus. 
In the very act ; in re prassenti. JI. A step taken ; 
a measure executed ; consilium ; actio. III. A state of 
reality ; res. IV. (Of a play) ; actus. V. A decree 
of a court of justice or legislature ; decretum ; senatus 
consultjim ; plebis-scitum ; edictum ; praescriptum. VI. 
Plur. Records of things judicially done; acta forensia ; 
literae quse causas continent. 

ACTLO.N. 5. I. The quality, or state of acting ; ac- 
tio. II. An act, a deed; factum; facinus; opus. 

III. Agency, operation ; actio; effectio. IV. Ges- 
ticulation; gestus Tovseatti.n; gestus facere ; ges- 
tibus uti ; gesticulari. V. (in law) Lis ; controversia ; 
dica ; causa; actio. A civil action; causa privata. A 

criminal action; causa publica To bring an action 

against any one ; litem inteudere alicui ; litem inferre in 
aliquem ; agere in aliquem ; dicam scribere. To have an 
action against; litem habere; certare cum aliquo in 
judicio An action is pending ; lis penclet ; lis est sub 
judice. To lose an action ; causam perdere ; cadere 


causa ; also, cadere formula To gain or recover an ac- 
tion ; vincere causa, or causam, or judicio. To cond'uct 
an action as an advocate; causam agere. VI. // 
fight, battle ; prceliuih ; pugna. Vll. The series of evenU 
represented in a fable ; actio. 

ACTIONABLE. a. Action! forensi, or judicio, obnoxius. 

ACTIVE, a. I. That has the power or quality of act- 
ing ; cfficax ; actuosus. II. (Not passive) ; activus. 

III. Busy, engaged in action; gnavus ; strenuus ; 
operosus ; sedulus ; laboriosus ; industrius. IV. 
Nimble, agile; alacer ; agilis ; impiger ; vegetus. V. 
(in grammar) An active verb ; verbum activum, Charis. ; 

ACTIVITY, s. Strenuitas, Varr., Ov. ; gnavitas. 

ACTOR. 5. 1. He that acts; actor; qui agit. II. 
A stage-player ; actor ; histrio ; scenicus A company 
of actors ; grex scenicorum. 

ACTRESS, s. i. e. A female stage-player ; scenica, Cod. 
Just. ; actrix seems not to occur in this sense. 

ACTUAL, a. Verus ; in re constans A thing is actual; 
res consistit in veritate ; nititur veritate ; res est vera. 

ACTUALLY, ad. Reipsa ; revera ; re. 

ACTUARY, s. Scriba prefectures ; or we may retain 
actuarius ; or say, actuarius sic dictus 

ACUMEN, s. i. e. Quickness of intellect; acumen ; saga- 
citas ; ingenium. 

ACUTE, a. I. Sharp, not blunt ; acutus. II. In- 
genious ; acutus; sagax ; ingeniosus ; subtilis. III. 
Acute disease ; morbus gravis An acute accent; ac- 
centus acutus ; or, acumen, Diomed. 

ACUTENESS. s. I. Sharpness ; acies. II. Force 
of intellect; acumen; sagacitas ; ingenium. III. Vio- 
lence of a malady ; gravitas morbi. 

ADAGE, s. Proverbium ; adagium. N. B. According to 
the old adage ; ut est in proverbio ; secundum proverbium. 

ADAGIO, s. Cantus lentus, or, placidus ; or, more 
clearly, cantus qui adagio vocatur. 

ADAGIO, ad. Lente ; placide ; or, adagio, ut dicitur. 

ADAMANT, s. I. Stone of impenetrable hardness ; ada- 
mas, used by the poets. In such phrases as, ' hard as 
adamant,' the Romans often used silex, ferrum. II. A 
diamond; adamas. III. A loadstone ; magnes. 

ADAMANTINE, a. I. Made of adamant ; adamantinus. 
II. Hard as adamant ; adamantinus; ferreus. 

To ADAPT, v. a. Aptare ; accommodare; facere ut 
aliquid alicui conveniat. To be adapted; eonvenire; 
congruere ; quadrare. 

ADAPTED, part. Accommodatus ad rem, or alicui rei ; 
consentaneus ; idoneus ; aptus ; conveniens ; dignus. 

To ADD. v. a. i. e. To join to ; addere ; adjicere ; appo- 
nere ; adjungere ; subjicere To be added ; addi, &c ; 
accedere. To add over and above; superaddere ; su- 
perinjicere To add in speaking, addere. To add up 
an account ; computare ; numerare , ratiocinari. 

ADDER, s. Vipera Of or like an adder ; vipereus ; 

To ADDICT (one's self to any thing), v. a. Se dare, 
tradere, dedere, addicere. 

ADDITION, s. I. The act of adding ; additio; ad- 
junctio. II. The thing added; additameatum ; ac- 

ADDLE, a. Inanis ; vacuus An addle egg ; ovum 

hypenemium ; ovum zephyrium Addle headed; fa- 

tuus ; stultus. 

To ADDRESS, v. a. I. To prepare one's self to enter 
upon an action ; se parare ; se praeparare ad aliquid. 
II. To apply to another by words ; compellare ; al- 
loqui ; appellare ; affari. To address a letter to any 
one ; inscribere alicui literas, or epistolam To address 
one's self to any one ; se applicare ad aliquem. 

ADDRESS, s. I. f'erbal application to another ; com- 
pellatio ; appellatio ; allocutio. II. Courtship. To 
pay one's addresses to ; petere. III. Manner of ac- 
costing any one. A man of pleasing address ; urbanus. 

IV. Skill ; dexterity ; ars ; peritia. V. Manner 
of directing a letter ; titulus ; inscriptio. 

ADEPT, s. Peritus ; gnavus ; sciens. 

ADEQUATE, a. Aptus; consentaneus. 

To ADHERE, v. n. I. To stick to; adhaerere; ad- 
hasrescere. II. To adhere to any one, i. e. to belong 
to his party ; favere alicui ; deditum esse alicui ; sequi. 

ADHERENT, a. Sectator ; assecla ; fautor. 

AHESION. s. Adhsesio. 

ADHESIVE, a. Tenax. 

ADIEU, s. Vale ; salve et vale To bid adieu to any 
one ; valedicere alicui. To bid adieu to any thing, i. e. 
"o leave off( renuntiare. 

ADJACENT, a. Adjacens ; nnitimus ; vicinus. 

To ADJOIN, v . a. Adjungere ; addere ; adjicere ; 

To ADJOIN, v. n. Adjacere ; finitimum, or, vicinum 

To ADJOURN, v. n. Differre ; proferre ; prolatare ; 
extrahere To adjourn (an assembly) ; in alium diem 
rejicere (of a court of law) ; comperendinare. 

ADJOURNMENT. .1. dilatio ; prolatio ; (of a court of 
aw) comperendinatus. 


To ADJUDOE. v. a. I. To give the thing controverted 
to one o.i the parlies ; adjudicare ; addicere ; decernere. 
These verbs take the accusative ;. decerno takes also 
ut ; so that when ' that ' is used in English after adjudge, 
the verb must be rendered by decerno. II. To 

condemn to a punishment^ ; damnare ; condemnare ; with 
a genitive, ablat., ad, or in, of the punishment adjudged ; 
e. g. damnare capitis, capite, ad carcerem, in carcerem. 

ADJUNCT, a. Conjunctus ; junctus ; consociatus. 

ADJUNCT, s.^ Adjunctio. In metaphysics attributum 
is used ; proprietas also would suit. 

ADJUNCTION. I. The act of adjoining ; conjunctio ; 
consociatio. II. The thing joined ; additamentum ; 

ADJURATION. I. The act of proffering an oath ; most 
conveniently rendered by the verb, adigere aliquem ad 
jusjurandum, or jurejurando. II. The form of oath 
proffered; lex jurisjurandi. 

To ADJURE, v. a. I. To put upon oath ; adigere 
aliquem ad jusjurandum, or jurejurando. II. To 

charge earnestly or solemnly ; cogere aliquem ; impe- 
trare alicui, (in God's name) invocatione Dei. (Lac- 
tantius says, adjurare.) 

To ADJUST, v. a. I. To put in order ; componere ; 

ordinare ; constituere. To adjust the hair ; concinnare. 

II. To make accurate ; expedire; explicare. III. 

To make conformable; aptare ; accommodare aliquid 

ad aliquid. 

ADJUSTMENT, s. I. The act of putting in order ; 
constitutio ; institutio ; accommodatio rei ad, &c. II. 
The state of being put in order; ordo. 

ADJUTANT, s. I. A helper; adjutor ; auxiliator. 

II. In the army ; praefecti vicarius. 
ADMENSURATION. s. Assignatio ; attributio ; praebitio : 

or by the verbs. 

To ADMINISTER, v. a. I. To give, afford, supply ; 
dare ; praebere ; suppeditare ; tribuere ; impertire 
( Justice); jus reddere ( The Holy Sacrament); in manus 
dare. (Physic) ; adhibere. II. To act as minister or 
agent in an employment or office; fungi; administrare ; 
gerere. III. To contribute; conferre ad rem ; juvare, 
adjuvare, rem. IV. To act as administrator ; admi- 

ADMINISTRATION, s. I. The act of administering, or 
conducting an employment ; best rendered by the verbs, 
in ADMINISTER, II. or functio. II. The active or 
executive part of government ; rectio, regimen; guber- 
natio ; also, imperium, e. g. reipublicse ; or by the verbs. 

III. Those to whom the care of public affairs is com- 
mitted ; qui rempublicam gubernant ; imperatores, &c., 
as the case may be. IV. Distribution, dispensation; 
datio ; tributio. V. (in law) Administrate ; procu- 

ADMINISTRATOR, s. (in law) Administrator; procu- 

ADMIRABLE, a. Mirus ; mirandus ; mirabilis ; admi- 
rabilis ; admirandus. 

ADMIRABLY, a. Mirandum (mirabilern, admirabilem, 
admirandum) in modum ; mire ; inirabiliter ; admirabi- 

ADMIRAL, s. I. The chief commander of a fleet ; 
duxclassis; praefectus classis Lord High Admiral; 

summus dux classis ; praefectus classis summus Vice 

Admiral; legatus praefecti classis. Rear Admiral ; 
qui extremes classi praeest. Admiral of the red, white, 
blue; classis rubro, albo, caeruleo vexillo insignitze 
praefectus. II. The admiral's ship ; navis praetoria. 
N. B. The admiral's flag ; vexillum navis praetorias. 

ADMIRALSHIP. s. Dignitas summi ducis classis. 

ADMIRALTY.*, i.e. The officers appointed to administer 
naval affairs ; collegium quod praeest rei navali ; cura- 
tores rei navalia. 

ADMIRATION, s. Admiratio ; miratio To excite ad- 
miration ; admirationem movere, or facere, efflcere, 
gignere, habere ; also, esse admirationi. 

To ADMIRE, v. n. I. To regard with wonder ; ad- 
mirari; mirari ; affici admiratione To be admired; 
admirationi esse; admiratione affici. II. To regard 
with love ; amorem habere erga aliquem ; habere aliquem 
in amore ; amare. 

ADMIRER, s. I. The person who wonders, or re- 
gards with admiration ; admirator ; mirator ; also 
admirans, mirans rem. II. A Lover ; amator ; amans j 

ADMISSIBLE, a. Dignus qui accipiatur. 

ADMISSION, s. I. The act of admitting ; admissio ; 
receptio. 11. Admittance; aditus ; accessus To 

grant admission or admittance ; dare, facere facultatem, 
or copiam, adeundi. / have obtained admission ; nac- 
tus, adeptus sum, aditum; or aditus mihi datus est. 

III. The allowance of an argument ; concessio. 

To ADMIT, v. a. I. To suffer to enter;, admittere. 

II. To all nn an argument or position; concedere. 

III. To allow, or grant in general ; concedere ; per- 
mittere ; pati ; sinere Admit it to be so ; sit sane ; 
'st<> ; fac ; demus, ita esse. To admit one into one's 
acquaintance ; in numerum amicorum rccipere. 


ADMITTANCE, s. I. The act of admitting ; admissio 

II. The power or right of entering; aditus ; accessus. 

III. The allowance of an argument ; concessio. 

To ADMIX, v. a. Admiseere rem alicui ; commiscere 
rem cum re ; immiscere. 

ADMIXTION. *. Admistio, admixtio. Also by the verb 
as, By the admixtion of water; aqua admiscenda. or 

To ADMONISH, v. a. Monere ; admonere ; hortari 
adhortari ; cohortari. 

ADMONISHER. s. Monitor ; admonitor ; hortator co- 

ADMONITION. *. Monitio ; monitum ; monitus ad- 
monitio ; hortatio ; cohortatio. 

ADMONITORY, a. Monens ; admonens ; monitorius 

ADO. s. I. Trouble, difficulty ; negotium. II. 

Bustle, tumult ; turbae, tumultus To make much ado ; 

negotium facessere ; magnas concitare turbas. To 
make much ado about nothing; multa agendo nihil 
agere, Phaedr. With much ado vix ; aegre ; haud sine 
magno labpre ; magno cum conatu. Without much, ado 
facile ; facili negotio. Without any ado ; sine ulio ne- 
gotio ; nullo negotio. 

ADOLESCENCB or -CENCY. s. Pueritia ; a?tas pucrilis. 

To ADOPT, v. a. I. (As a child) ; adoptare, adrogare 

aliquem in locum filii ; and sim pi}-, adrogare. (As an 

heir) ; haaredem adsdscere. Adopted; adoptivus ; adop- 
tatitius. II. From preference ; accipere ; probare s 

ADOPTER, s. (of a child) Adoptator. 

ADOPTTON. s. Adoptio ; adrogatio; 

ADORABLE. a\ Adorandus ; venerandus ; adoratione, 
or veneratione, dignus ; divino cultu dignus ; sancte co- 

ADORATION, s. Cultus; veneratio; adoratio. 

To ADOKK. v. a. Colere; venerari ; adorare. 

ADORER, s. cultor ; venerator ; or, colons, venerans. 

To ADORN, v. a. I. To deck with ornaments ; or- 
nare ; exornare; decorare ; condecorare ; also comere, 
especially of the hair ; comerecaput, or capillos. II. To 
be an ornament to any thing ; esse decori ; esse orna- 
mento. III. To beautify, embellish ; aft'erre decus, or 

ADRIFT, ad. Ancoris carens or spoliatus. 

ADROIT, a. Scitus ; solers ; peritus ; callidus. 

ADROITLY, ad. Scite ;,solerter perite ; callide. 

ADROITNESS, s. Solertia ; peritia ; calliditas. 

ADRY. a. i. e. Thirsty ; sitiens. 

ADULATION., s. i.e. Flattery; adulatio ; assentatio. 

ADULATORY, a. Aduiatorius. Assentatorius does not 
occur in ancient writers. 

ADULT, s. Adultus ; setatis adultae. 

To ADULTERATE, v. a. i. e. To corrupt by some 
foreign mixture ; adulterare ; corrumpere ; vitiare ; de- 

ADULTERATE or ADULTERATED, part. i.e. Corrupted 
by some foreign mixture ; adulterinus ; adulteratus ; cor- 
ruptus ; vitiatus ; depravatus. 

ADULTERATION, s. The art of corrupting by some 
foreign mixture; adulteratio; corruptio ; depravatio ; 
vitiatio. Also by the verbs ; e. g. mercilms adulterandis, 
vitiandis, &c. 

ADULTERER, s. Adultor ; mcechus. 

ADULTERESS, s. Adultera; mcecha. 

ADULTEROUS, a. Adulter. 

ADULTERY, s. Adulterium To commit adultery; 
adulterare ; adulterium committere, or facere ; mcechari. 

To ADUMBRATE, v. a. Delineare ; perscribere ; de- 
scribere ; dcsignare ; adumbrare. 

ADUMBRATION, s. Adumbratio ; descriptio ; desig- 

ADUNCITY. s. Curvamen ; curvatura ; curvitas. 

To ADVANCE, v. a. I. To bring forward (in the 
local sense) ; promovere ; movere prorsum. prorsus. In 
adversum. II. To raise to preferment, to aggrandise ; 
tollere ; attollere ; evehere ; efferre ; ad honores promo- 
vere ; honoribus amplificare. III. To improve; mu- 
tare in melius ; meliorem reddere. IV. To forward ; 
to accelerate; juvare, or adjuvare, rem; rei prodesse ; 
maturare, accelerare, rem. V. To propose, offer to 
notice ; proferre; proponere ; memorare; commemorare; 
when equivalent to 'to say,' dicere. VI. In payment, 
i. e. to pay beforehand; solvere pecuniam ante tempos, or 
ante rem acceptam. 

To ADVANCE, v. n. I. To come forward; proce- 
dere ; progredi. II. To march forward, as an army ; 
adcedere, contendere in locum, or aliquo tendere ; pro- 
ficisci ; iter facere, &c. III. To make improvement ; 
meliorem fieri. 

ADVANCE. 5. I. The act of coming forward ; pro- 
gressio. \\.Progression; progressus ; successus. 

III. Improvement; mutatio in melius. IV. Pre- 
ferment ; render it by the verbs in ADVANCE, . n. 
V. Payment of money beforehand ; solutio peemiise 
ante tempus, or ante rein acceptam ; suppeduatio pe- 
runiae in antecessum. Money in advance; pecuuia 
B 3 


suppeditata in antecessum, or ante tempus, ante rem ac- 
ceptara numerata. VI. Advance-guard; primum 

agmen. VM. To make advances as a lover ; petere ; 


ADVANTAGE, s. I. Superiority; praestantia; ex- 
cellentia To have the advantage of; praestare ; rxcel- 
lere; superiorem esse ; superare ; vincere. II. Supe- 
riority gained by stratagem ; ars ; artificium. To take 
advantage; artificio uti III. Opportunity, conve- 

nience ; occasio ; opportunitas Of time, of place ; lo- 
cus, tempus. IV. Favourable circumstances ; commo- 
dum ; aliquid praecipui ; prsecipuum : as, A country life 
has some advantages ; vita rustica habet quiddam prae- 
cipui (quaedam praacipua), or excellit quodammodo. 
V. Gain, profit, benefit ; commodum ; emolumentum ; 
utilitas ; fructus ; res ; also, lucrum ; qusestus ; compen- 
dium. To derive advantage from ; percipere utilitatem, 
fructum ; facere lucrum, quaestum. It is to my advan- 
tage ; est e re mea ; est in rem meam ; prodest mihi ; 
affert mihi utilitatem ; est mihi utilitati, or emolu- 

To ADVANTABE. v. a. Prodesse ; utilem esse ; utili- 
tati, or usui esse ; utilitatem afferre. 

ADVANTAGEOUS a. Utilis ; commodus ; quaestuosus ; 
fructuosus ; lucrosus. 

ADVANTAGEOUSLY, ad. Commode ; utiliter ; cum 
fructu, lucro, quaestu ; quaastuose. 

ADVANTAGEOUSNESS. s. Utilitas; fructus; or, fruc- 
tuosa, utilis, conditio or natura. 

ADVENT, s. i.e. The festival so called; tem-pus adven- 
tus Jesu. The first Sunday in Advent; primus dies sacer 
(or festus) adventus Jesu. 

ADVENTITIOUS, a. Fortuitus ; adventitius ; non perti 
nens ad naturam rei ; non conjunctus cum natura rei. 

ADVENTURE, s. I. An accident, chance; casus ; fors ; 
eventus ; eventum ; res. By a lucky adventure ; forte ; 
fortuna ; casu felici. A strange adventure ; res porten- 
tosa ; res singularis ; portentum ; prodigium At ad- 
venture ; temere; casu. II. An enterprise ; pericu- 
lum ; facinus audax. 

To ADVENTURE, v. n. I. To try the chance; pericli- 
tari ; periculum facere ; aleam jacere. II. To attempt 
with hazard ; audere ; conari rem ; or with an iulini t . ; 
e. g. ire. 

ADVENTURER, s. Homo variam fortunam expertus ; 
captator fortuna?. 


ADVENTUROUS, a. I. Inclined to adventure, daring ; 
casus portentosos, or singulares, sequens ; res portentosas 
sequens ; audax. II. Dangerous; periculosus; an- 
ceps ; dubius. 

ADVENTUROUSLY, ad. i. e. Daringly ; audacter. 

ADVERB, s. Adverbium. 

ADVERBIAL, a. More adverbii usitatus, or positus. 

ADVERBIALLY, ad. More adverbii. (The grammarians 
Charis. and Diomed. say, adverbialiter.) 

ADVERSARY, s. Adversarius ; inimicus ; hostis. 

ADVERSE, a. I. Opposite, turning to or against; 
oppositus ; objectus. II. Calamitous, pernicious ; ad- 
versus ; adversarius ; contrarius (alicui). To be ad- 
verse ; esse contrarium alicui ; repugnare ; adversari. 
III. Personally opponent ; adversus; infestus. 

ADVERSITY, s. I. Affliction, calamity, misfortune ; 
casus adversus ; infortunium ; malum ; fortuna adversa ; 
res adversa. II. Misery; miseria; aerumna ; res af- 

To ADVERT, v. n. i. e. To attend to, regard ; attendere 
rem, ad rem, aliquem, alicui or rei, de re ; rationem ha- 
bere rei ; observare ; animum advertere ad rem, rei, or 
rem ; and often simply advertere ; animum intendere. 

ADVERTENCE, s. Attentio ; intentio animi ; also, dili- 

To ADVERTISE v. a. I. To inform, give intelli- 
gence ; indicare; significare; demonstrare ; ostendere ; 
nuntiari alicui; certiorem facere aliquem. II. To 
give notice of any thing in the public prints ; vulgare ; 

ADVERTISEMENT, s. I. Instruction, admonition; 
monitio ; admonitio ; monitum. II. Intelligence, in- 
formation ; indicium ; significatio. 

ADVERTISER, s. i. e. He that gives intelligence ; index ; 

ADVICE, s. I. Counsel, instruction ; s-uasio ; con- 
silium; also, auctoritas, of advice given by a superior 
Ly my advice ; me auctore ; consilium meum sequens. 
ll. Reflection, prudent consideration ; consilium ; 
considerautia .; cogitatio ; reputatio. III. Consul- 

tation, deliberation ; deliberatio ; consultatio ; also, 
consilium. With .advice ; considerate ; consulte or 
consulto ; cogitate or cogitato , non sine consilio ; non 
inconsulte ; non sine deliberatione. IV. Intelligence; 
nuntium ; also, auditum ; relatum. To receive advice ; 
nuntium accipere ; discere ; accipere ; audire ; compe- 
Tire ; certiorem fieri. 

ADVICE-BOAT, s. Navicula publica transportandis 



I ADVISABLE, a. Salutaris ; utilis. 

To ADVISE, v. a. I. To counsel ; suadcre alicui ali 

quid; auctorem esse rei; consilium dare To advise to 

[the contrary ; dissuadere, dehortari. Well advised ; cau- 
Xus ; circumspectus. III advised ; incautus ; male cau- 
tUs^ temerarius. II. To inform; certiorem facere 
anquem ; significare ; nuntiare alicui. 

To ADVISE, v. n. I. To consult; in consilium ire. 
II. To consider, deliberate ; deliberare ; consulere 
rem and de re; consultare rem and de re; reputare ; 
perpendere ; considerare ; cogitare. 

ADVISEDLY, ad. I. Prudently ; consulto ; conside- 
rate ; cogitate ; cogitato ; attente ; diligenter. II. 
Purposely ; de (or ex) industria ; data (or dedita) opera ; 

ADVISER, s. Suasor; auctor. 

ADVOCATE, s. I. A pleader in a court of Justice; 
causarum patronus ; defensor ; ausidicus To plead at 
an advocate; causam dicere or defenctere. II. He 
that pleads any cause ; defensor ; tutor ; patronus ; pro- 

To ADVOCATE, v. a. Defendere ; defensare ; tueri ; 
tutari, pro re, or rem. 

ADVOWEE, s. He that has the right of advowson f 
jus habens munera ecclesiastica cuilibet tribuendi ; or, 
habens jus patronatus. 

ADVOWSON. s. Jus munera ecclesiastica cnilibet tri. 
buendi ; commonly rendered, jus patronatus. 

AERIAL, a. I. In, of, or belonging to the air ; aerius ; 
sethereus ; aetherius. II. High; altus ; celsus; excel- 
sus ; sublimis ; elatus. 

AERIE, s. Nidus. 

AEROLOG Y. s. Scientia, or cognitio, aeris. 

AERONAUT, s. May be retained as an English word, 
or, in its Greek form, ettfum^rw ; or it may be rendered, 
qui ae'rem navigat. 

AFAR., ad. I. At a great distance; procul ; longe ; 
longinque. II. To a great distance ; procul. III. 
From afar ; e longinquo. IV. Afar off; porro ; pro- 

AFFABILITY, s. Affabilitas ; humanitas ; comitas ; be- 

AFFABLE, a. I. Easy of manners, accostable ; ur- 
banus ; affabilis. II. Benign, mild ; humanus ; comis ; 

AFFABLY, ad. Humane ; comiter ; benigne. 

AFFAIR, s. Res ; negotium. 

To AFFECT, v. a. I. To act upon ; efficacem esse ; 
vim suam exserere in aliquid ; tangere ; attingere. 
II. To move the passions ; movere, commovere aliquem, 

or alicrjus animum To affect with joy, grief, 8fc. ; lae- 

titia dolore, afficere. III. To aim at, aspire to,; appe- 
tere rem ; aflectare rem ; studererei. IV. To be fond 
of or pleased with ; amare ; amorem habere erga ali- 
quem, or habere aliquem in amore ; diligere ; carum 
habere. V. To study the appearance of things hypocri- 
tically ; simulare : e. g. He affected to be ignorant ; simu- 

iabat se nescire He affected to be learned; simulabat se 

doctum, or doctum esse ; simulabat doctrinam. Butdis- 
simulare means to study concealment of any thing which 
really exists : e. g. He affected not to know ; dissimulabat se 
scire. VI. To imitate in an unnatural and constrained 
manner ; temere imitari ; temere sequi ; also, affectare 
rem; putide Eemulari. To be affected in manner, car- 
riage, language, Sfc. ; ineptire ; inepte se gerere ; putide- 
se gerere ; putidum or ineptum esse in eflferendis verbis ; 
or, uti affectata dictione. 

AFFECTATION, s. Ineptiae ; afFectatio To be full of 
affectation; ineptire ; inepte se gerere ; putide se ge- 

AFFECTED, part. a. I. Moved, touched with affec- 
tion ; motus ; commotus. Affected with joy, grief, fyc.; 
laetitia, dolore, affectus, perculsus. II. Pretended, 
hypocritically; simulatus ; fictus. Ill, Full of affect- 
ation ; ineptus ; putidus ; affectatus. 

AFFECTEDLY, ad. Inepte ; putide. 

AFFECTION, s. I. Passion of any kind motus ani- 
mi ; permotio animi ; cpmmotio animi ; perturbatio 
animi ; also, affectus, Quint. 7'o be led awqy by one's 
affections ; motibus, or perturbationibus, animi auterri. 
Natural affection ; affectus naturalis ; pietas Parental 
affection; affectus parentis. II. Love, kindness, good- 
will towards any thing ; amor ; affectio ; studium erga 
aliquid ; inclinatio ; favor ; propensio. To manifest an 
affection for any thing ; prae se ferre propensionem or 
favorem. To have an affection for ; propensum esse ; in- 
linare se, or simply, inclinare, ad rem ; or, inclinari alicui 
rei, or ad rem ; also, proclivem esse ad rem : or, if syn- 
onymous with ' to love,' amare ; amorem habere erga 
aliquem, or habere aliquem in amore ; diligere ; carum 

habere To gain the affections of any one ; animum, be- 

nevolentiam, voluntatem alicujus sibi conciliare To 
lose; a se alienare. III. Zeal; studium; also, impetus 
animi ; ardor ; cupiditas. IV. State of the mind, in 
general; affectio animi; or simply, affectio;, animus; 
mens. V. State of the body ; affectio corporis. 

AFFECTIONATE, a. I. Full of affection ,- amore pie- 






nus. II. Fond; alicujus studiosus ; amans ; benig 
nus ; humanus ; comis. III. Benevolent ; llberalis 
benignus ; beneflcus. 

AFFECTIONATELY, ad. Studiose ; amanter ; benigne 
ritiel-aliter ; benefice, Cell. 
AFFIANCE, s. I. A marriage-contract; sponsalia 

II. Trust, confidence ; confisio ; fiducia. 
To AFFIANCE, v. a. I. To betroth (a daughter) 
(flliara) spondere, or despondere, alicui. II. To giv< 
confidence ; fiduciam ponere in aliquo ; fidere, confiden 
alicui, or aliquo ; or with an accusative and infinitive 
confido te esse venturum. 

AFFIDAVIT, s. Testimonium cum jurejando. Tomakt 
affidavit; affirmare jurejurando. 

AFFILIATION, s. Adoptio. 

AFFINITY, s. I. Relation by marriage ; conjunctio 
per affinitatem ; affinitas. II. Relation to; conjunctio 
cognatio ; affinitas ; propinquitas. 

To AFFIRM, v. n. I. Opposed to deny ; affirmare 
aio. II. To maintain; obtinere ; tenere ; probare 
contendere ; defendere ; asseverare. 

AFFIRMATION. 5. Opposed to negation ; affirmatio ; 

AFFIRMATIVE, a. Opposed to negative ; e. g. An affirm- 
ative reply, or a reply in the affirmative ; responsum 
aiens, or atiirmans. To hold the affirmative ; aio ; affirmo. 

To AFFIX, v. n. Affigere ; suffigere. 

To AFFLICT, v. a. Angere ; cruciare ; affligere ; pre- 
mere ; vexare ; aegre facere alicui ; molestiam exhibere 
alicui ; molestia afficere aliquem To afflict one's self; 
angi ; cruciari. 

AFFLICTION, s. I. The cause of sorrow ; calamity; 
casus adversus ; infortunium ; malum ; fortuna adversa ; 
resadversa. 1 1. The state of sorrow, distress, anguish ; 
jegritudo ; mceror ; sollicituclo ; miseria ; aerumna. To 
be in affliction ; mcerere ; sollicitum esse , moerore ma- 
cerari ; angi ; in moerore esse To be ingreat affliction ; 
in magno, gravi, moarore esse ; valde mcerere. To cause 
affliction; aegritudinem, or mcerorem, afferre, inferre, 

AFFLICTIVE, a. JEgre faciens alicui ; molestiam exhi- 
bens alicui ; molestia afficiens aliquem. 

AFFLUENCE or -CY. s: I. The act of flowing to any 
place; affluentia. II. Exuberance of riches, plenty ; 
divitiae ; opulentia ; opes ; copia. 

AFFLUENT, a. I. Flowing to any part; affluens. 

II. Exuberant, wealthy; abundans; copiosus; dives; 

locuples ; fortunatus : we find also, pecuniosus, bene 

nummatus ; also, beatus, where the connection would 

render the meaning plain. 

AFFLUX or AFFLUXION. s. i.e. The act of flowing to 
any place ; affluentia. 

To AFFORD, v. a. I. To yield, produce, grant, give ; 
producere ; afferre ; dare ; przebere ; reddere ; tribuere ; 
suppeditare. II. To be able to sell; e.g. I cannot 
afford it for less ; non possum minoris vendere. III. 
To be able to bear expenses ; e. g. / cannot afford to live 
so extravagantly ; res mihi non suppetet ad tantum 

To AFFRANCHISE, v. a. Liberare ; liberum facere, or 

AFFRAY. s> Congressio ; conflictus ; pugna. It ends 
in an affray ; res venit ad manus, or ad pugnam. 

To AFFRIGHT, v. a. Terrere ; territare ; conterrere ; 
perterrere ; terrorem alicui facere, injicere, inferre, af- 
ferre, incutere. 

AFFRIGHT, s. Terror ; horror. 

AFFRONT, s. I. Open opposition, encounter; impe- 
tus: petitio ; oppugnatio ; impugnatio. II. Insult, 
contumely ; offensio ; laesio ; and dim., offensiuncula ; 
also, injuria ; contumelia verborum. 

To AFFHONT. v. a. I. To meet in a hostile manner ; 
invadere ; impugnare ; petere ; aggredi : adoriri ; oppug- 
nare ; incurrerein ; impetum facere in. II. To offer an 
open insult; laedere, offendere aliquem, or, alicujus 
animum ; ignominia, or contumelia afficere aliquem ; 
ignominiam alicui injungere, Liv. ; if the affront be slight, 
suboffendere. To take affront, or be affronted; se 
la'sum, or offensum credere, putare. 

AFFRONTER, s. (Offensor, Arnob.) ; qui offendit, &c. 

AFFKONTIVE. a. Contumeliosus ; injuriosus ; petulans. 

AFFY. v. a. i. e. To betroth in order to marriage ; 
spondere ; despondere ; desponsare. 

AFLOAT, ad. Nans To set a ship afloat; movere 

AFOOT, ad. I. On foot, not on horseback ; pedibus. 
II. In action or use ; in medium probatus ; in usu ; 
in consuetudine. 

AFORE, prep. I. In front ; ante; sometimes, prae; 
pro ; prorsum ; prorsus Aforehand ; ante. Afore- 
said ; supra dictus ; supra memoratus. Aforetime; 
olim ; antea ; antehac ; quondam. 

AFRAID, a. Timidus ; pavidus ; trepidus To be 
afraid; pavidum, timidum, esse ^ timere. To make 
afraid; timidum, pavidum, reddere; terrere. To be 
'raid; expavere ; in maximo metu esse; tota 
mente contremiscere. 


AFRESH, ad. Denuo : if equivalent to for the second 
time, iterum or denuo : if oftener, denuo rursus. 

AFT. ad. In extremanavi, or in puppi navis. 

AFT.*. Puppis. 

AFTER, prep. I. Of degree, order, or succession ; se- 
cundum ; post : with proximus or proxime, i. e. Next, we 
usually find a ; as, The next after me, proximus a me ; 
thus also, secundus ab aliquo. We find also proximus 

with a dative. When after is for next; secundum ; post. 

When for Save, except ; praeter, or praeterquam ; excepto, 
or -is ; cum discessero a After one another ; deinceps 
continuus. II. Of time ; secundum; post. We find 
also ex in the sense of Since, from the time that : e. g. ex 
eo tempore ; ex consulatu After three years ; post tres 

annos ; secundum tres annos ; ex tribus annis. One 

after another ; deinceps ; continuus ; e. g. tres continues 
dies, three days one after another Sub, when a thing is 
represented as coming immediately after another. It may 
also be rendered by the participle interjecto, or -is, or 
elapso, praeterlapso, praeterito or -is : as, After three days ; 
tribus diebus interjectis, elapsis, praeterlapsis, praeteruis. 
After a long time ; longo tempore interjecto, &c. ; or, 
post longum tempus ; or, longo post tempore : or by an 
ablative absolute ; as, mortuo patre, After the death c/ 
the father. After the war ; post bellum ; finito bello ; 
post bellum finitum; posteaquam, or postquam bellum 
finitum est, erat, &c. Obs. After anno a genitive may 
sometimes be used : e. g. In the year after Christ ; anno 
Christi nati. The same may be expressed by, anno 
lost Christum natum, anno a Christo. III. Accord- 
ing to ; secundum ; ex ; pro. W T e sometimes find also 
de ; as, de sententia mea. It is expressed by the abla- 
tive : as, sententia mea ; opinione mea. Also ad ; as, ad 
arbitrium. IV. To look after a person or thing; cu- 
are hominem, or rem ; rationem habere hominis. or rei ; 
aborare de homine, or de re. To long after a thing; 
desiderare rem ; or, desiderio rei tenere ; cupere rein ; 
or,^cupidum esse rei To thirst after a thing ; sitire rem. 

To seek after a person or thing ; quaerere aliquem 
or rem. To send after any one ; arcessere aliquem ; or, 
mittere arcessitum aliquem ; mittere ad arcessendum 

AFTER, adv. 1 . In succeeding time ; post ; postea ; 
posthaec. II. Following another ; post; secundum; 
>one ; a tergo, 

AFTERAGES. s. Posteritas ; posteri 

AFTERALL. Ad extremum. 

AFTERBIRTH. Secundae (sc. partes, or res) partus. 
Also, simply, secunda?, when purtus may be understood. 
Later writers say, secundinae.) 

AFTERCROP, s. Messis posterior. 

AFTERGAME, s. Lusus secundarius. 

AFTERGRASS or AFTERMATH, s. Foenum chordum. 

AFTERNOON, s. Tempus post-meridianum or pomeri- 
ianum. In the afternoon; post meridiem; tempore 
)ost-meridiano or pomeridiano. As an adjective, post- 
neridianus : as, Anafternoonpreaciier; conciouator post- 

AFTERPAINS. s. Dolores ex partu. Figuratively, i. e. 
*ainful consequences ; dolores insequentes ; also simply, 
lolores, or incommoda. 

AFTERSWARM. s. Examen secundum or secundarium. 

AFTERTASTE, s. Sapor posterior or subsequens. 

AFTERTIMES. s. Posteritas ; posteri. 

AFTERWARDS, ad. Post ; postea ; deinde. 

AGAIN, ad. I. Once more; Iterum ; rursus ; rur- 
um ; denuo. II. On the other hand ; contra; e con- 
rario. III. In return ; vicissim ; contra. IV. 
Back; retro; retrorsum, V. Beside; pra?terea; in- 
uper ; ad haec. VI. Twice as much ; duplo : e. g. As 
ig again ; duplo major. VII. Again and again; 
;erum atque iterum ; etiam atque etiam. Over again ; 
enuo ; ex integro. Obs. Again is expressed in com- 
ounds by re. 

AGAINST, prep. In opposition or contradiction to ; 
ontra ; in ; adversus ; praeter : e. g. praeter spem ; praeter 
oluntatem. Also, cum, with verbs of contending, &c. ; 
.g. pugnare cum aliquo. To be against; oppugnare ; 
bhorrere ab ; adversari. II. To the prejudice of; in ; 
dversus ; contra I have nothing against you ; non est, 
r non habeo, quod querar de te, or quod te accusem. 

This is against me ; hoc est contra me ; or hoc est mihi 
dversarium or contrarium. To be against; obstare ; 
dversari To speak against; obloqui ; contradicere. 

III. Denoting defence or preservation / adversus ; or 
y a genitive of the subst. : e. g. A remedy against a 
'sease ; remedium morbi, or adversus morbum. We 
id, also, a ; ad ; contra ; e. g. defendere, or tueri, ab 
njuria, contra injuriam. IV. With contrary motive or 
itilciir:/ : e. g. Against the stream ; flumine adverse : 
omra also may be used; e.g. contra flurnen To have (the 
nn&.)against one ; habere contrarium.adversum To run 
gainst; occur rere; obviam currere. To dash against 
hev'all; impingi ad parietem, in parietem, or parieti. 
V. Opposite to, i. e. over against ; e regione ; contra ; 
x adverse. VI. In expectation of; in, with ace. 
"II. Obs. Against is expressed in compounds by re. 
15 4 


AGAPE, ad. Hianti ore. 

AGARIC, s. Agaricus, Linn. 

AGATE. 5. Achates. 

AGE. s. I. The duration of any thing ; aetas ; aevum. 

II. A succession or generation of men ; genus ; gens. 

III. The time in which any particular man or race 

oj men lived ; aetas In the present age ; hodie. 

IV. A century; saculum. V. Oldness ; vetustas. 

VI. Part of life, middle age ; aetas provecta, or me- 

diocris Old age ; senectus ; aetas senilis. VII. (in 

law) Plenitude aetatis ; valere tutelae. Of age; suns po- 
testatis; extra tutelam ; suaetutelaa; sui juris To come 
of age ; in tutelam suam venire, pervenire ; suae potes- 
tatis fieri. To be of age; esse in sua tutela ; esse suae 
potestis, or sui juris. Njmage; defectus.or inopia. aetatis 
plena; ; setas pupillari^status, or conditio, pupillaris. 
Under age; nondum sui juris ; aetate nondum plena ; 
nondum suae tutelae, or sui potens ; alienae tutelae. 
Twenty years of age ; annos natus viginti ; habens viginti 
annos. Of the same age, i. e. as old as ; sequalis. 

AGED. a. I. Stricken in years ; senex ; grandis 
natu ; grandaevus. II. Old, of inanimate things ; vetus ; 

AGENCY, s. I. The quality of acting, action ; actio. 
II. The business of an agent; procuratio ; munus 
procuratorium Free agency ; liberum arbitrium. 

AGENT, s. I. He who acts ; agens ; actor. II. A 
deputy factor ; procurator ; actor. 

To AGGLOMERATE, v. a. Involvere ; glomerare. 

To AGGLUTINATE, v. n. Conglutinare ; glutine con- 
jungere, or jungere. 

To AGGRANDISE, v. a. Tollere ; attollere ; evehere ; 
efferre ; augere. 

AGGRANDISEMENT, s. Erectio ; elatio. 

To AGGRAVATE, v, a. I. To enlarge (rhetorically) ; 
amplificare ; exaggerare. II. To increase, e. g. pain ; 
aggravare ; augere. III. To irritate, provoke; irritate ; 
in iram concitare ; ad iram incitare. 

AGGRAVATION, s. Express it by the verbs. 

AGGREGATE, s. Totuni; summa. 

To AGGREGATE, v. . Accumulare ; cumulare ; coa- 
cervare ; congerere. 

AGGREGATION, s. I. The act of aggregating ; accu- 
mulatio ; coacervatio ; congesf'o. II. A whole com- 
posed of the coacervation of many particulars ; acervus ; 
cumulus ; totum ; summa'. 

To AGGRESS, v. a. Aggredi; adoriri; impetum fa- 
cere in ; invadere. 

AGGRESSION. *. Aggressip ; incursus ; petitio ; impetus. 

AGGRESSOR, s. Aggredieiis ; oppugnator. (Aggressor 
is used in the Pandects.) 

AGGRIEVANCE. s. i.e. Wrong endured ; injuria. 

To AGGRIEVE, v.a. I. To vex ; aliquem sollicitare ; 
or, sollicitudine, cura, afficere ; sollicitum reddere, or 
habere ; sollicitudinem afferre alicui : sollicitudini esse 
alicui. II. To hurt in one's right ; injuriam facere, 
offerre, inferre, or imponere alicui ; injuria afficere ali- 

AGHAST, a. Territus ; perturbatus ; confusus. 

AGILE, a. Agilis ; celer ; citus ; velox. 

AGILITY, s. Agilitas ; celeritas ; velocitas With agi- 
lity ; celeriter ; velociter. 

AGIO. s. Collybus, Cic. 

To AGITATE, v. a. I. To put in motion, to shake'; 
movere ; commovere ; quatere ; concutere. II. To 
affect witli perturbation; aliquem, or animum alicujus, 
movere; commovere. III. To discuss ; tractare ; ex- 
plicare ; deliberare, consulere, or consultare, rem, de re. 

IV. (Seditiously); seditionem concitare. 
AGITATION, s. I. The act of moving, or state of being 

moved; motus ; motio ; commotio. II. Perturb- 
ation (of mind) ; motus animi ; or simply motus, when 
animi may be understood. III. Discussion or deliber- 
ation ; tractatio ; explicatio ; deliberatio ; consultatio ; 
also, consilium. 

AGITATOR, s. Concitator ; turbator ; e. g. vulgi. 

AGNAIL. Paronychia ; panonychium. 

AGNATION, s. Agnatio. 

AGO, AGONE. ad. Abhinc ; ante : e. g. abhinc annos 

tres ; or, abhinc annis tribus ; Three years ago Long 

ago ; jampridem ; jamdudum. Not long ago ; haud ita 
pridem. It is long ago since ; diu est, cum. How long 
ago ? Quam dudum ? 

AGOG. ad. Cupidus ; appetens To be all agog ; cu- 
pidum esse. To be all agog after any thing ; appetens 
rem ; cupidum esse rei To set agog ; facere, reddere, 
aliquem cupidum, avidum ; excitare alicujus cupiditatem ; 
injicere alicui cupiditatem. 

AGOING, part. In usu ; in conguetudine. 

To AGONISE, v. n. i. e. To be in excessive pain ; excru- 
ciari ; torqueri. 

AGONY. *. I. The pangs of death ; sensus mortis 
acerbus ; dolor mortis. It is usually rendered agon, but 
this word seems not to occur in the ancients To be in 
the agonies of death ; animam agere. II. Any violent 
pain; cruciatus , tormentum ; dolores, pi. To be in 
agony ; cruciari ; excruciari ; tprqueri. 


To AGREE, v. n. I. To be in concord ; concordare. 
II. To assent, yield ; accedere ; annuere ; assentire ; 
concedere. III. To settle, by stipulation, fyc. ; condi- 
cere rem ; constituere ; pacisci ; also, componere ; con- 
venire. IV. To be of the same mind or opinion ; con- 
sentire ; convenire ; e. g. convenit mihi tecum de re, or 
res ; convenit inter nos res, or de re. V. To be con- 
sistent cr suitable ; convenire ; congruere ; consentire 
alicui rei, sibi or securn ; aptum or accommodatum esse. 
VI. To agree together; inter se consentire, or coi 

To AGREE, v. a. Placare aliquem in aliquem, alicui ; 
reconciliare aliquem, or alicujus animum, alicui ; re- 
ducere aliquem in gratiam cum aliquo ; facere ut redeat 
in gratiam cum aliquo. 

AGREEABLE, a. I. Suitable to, consistent with ; ac- 
commodatus ad rem, or alicui rei ; consentaneus; idoneus ; 
conveniens ; dignus. II. Pleasing; acceptus ; gratus ; 
jucundus ; suavis : also, amcenus (of things grateful to 
the senses, especially to the sight). 

AGREEABLENESS. s. I. Consistency with ; convenien- 
tia; congruentia. II. The quality of pleasing ; suavi- 
tas ; dulcedo ; also, amcenitas, of the senses, especially 
the sight. III. Resemblance; similitudo. 

AGREEABLY, ad. 1. Consistently with; apte; con- 
venienter ; congruenter. II. Pleasantly ; grate ; ju- 
cunde ; suaviter. 

AGREEMENT, s. L Concord; consensus ; consensio. 
II. Resemblance; similitudo. III. A compact, 
bargain; pactum ; conventum, Cic. ; conventio, Plin. Ep. 
To make an agreement; pacisci cum aliquo ; transigere 
cum aliquo ; also, convenit mihi cum aliquo res, and de 
re ; convenit inter nos res, and de re By, or according 
to, agreement; ex composito ; composito ; ex convento ; 
ut convenit ; ut convenerat ; ut condictum erat ; ut com- 
positum erat. 

AURICULTURE. s. Agricultura ; opus rusticum, 

AGROUND, ad. In litus (vadum, scopulos) ejectus, 1m- 
pactus, allisus To run aground; in litus (vadum, 
scopulos) ejicere, impingere, allidere To be aground; 
in litus (vadum, scopulos) ejici, impingi, allidi. 

AGUE. s. Febris remittens. A quotidian ague ; fe- 
bris continua ; febris quotidiana A tertian ague ; 
febris tertiana. A quartan ague ; quartana. 

AGUE-FIT, s. Motus febris ; motus febriculosus, or 

AGUISH, a. Febriculosus. (With the moderns some- 
times, febrilis.) 

AH. inlerj. Most frequently denoting compassion ; 
ah ! oh ! heti ! eheu ! 

AHEAD, ad. i. e. Further onward than another ; ante. 

AID. s. I. Help, support; auxilium; praesidium ; 
adjumentum ; subsidium ; also, opis (or ops) and sup- 
petiae ; but opis (ops) is used only in the genitive (opis), 
accusative, and ablative ; and suppetiae only in the no- 
minative and accusative. II. A helper, an auxiliary ; 
adjutor; socius. III. Subsidy; collata or collatio 

pecuniae. IV. An aid-de-camp ; ducis adjutor. 

To AID. v. a. Alicui succurrere ; opem, auxilium 
ferre ; auxiliari ; esse auxilio ; aliquem adjuvare ; ju- 

To AIL. v. a. i. e. To give pain ; dolorem (dolores) i ali- 
cui afferre, facere, efficere ; dolori esse. To be ailing ; 
tenui uti valetudine ; minus valere ; aegrotare ; morbo 
laborare ; asgrum, or aegrotum, esse. 

AIL or AILMENT, s. i. e. A disease ; morbus ; a?gro- 

To AIM. v. a. I. To direct, as at a mark ; petere 
rem ; collineare, dirigere, ad rem. Fig. To aim at, e g. 
with words, &c. ; petere aliquem verbis. II. To point 
the view towards any thing ; to endeavour to reach or 
attain; spectare rem, or ad rem ; appetere rem ; affectare 
rem ; studere rei ; moliri. 

To AIM. v. n. i.e. To take aim; collineare. 

AIM. s. I. The point to which a missive weapon is 
thrown; meta; scopus. II. A purpose, design; the 
object of a design ; consilium ; propositum ; finis. 

AIR. s. I. The element encompassing the earth ; 
aer ; ccelum ; anima ; aura. When there is an allusion 
to the density or rarity of the atmosphere, ccelum or aer 
is generally used ; as, ccelum crassum ; aer crassus ; cce- 
lum tenue ; aer tenuis. When considered as the air we 
breathe, it is expressed by aer, anima, spiritus : as, ani- 
mam ducere spiritu ; spiritum haurire, Cic. ; vitales 
auras carpere, Hor. ; vesci aura aetherea,Virg To change 
the air ; mutare ccelum, Hor. In the open air ; sub dio, 
Cic. Weight of the air ; cceli gravitas, Cic. To take the 
air; auram captare, Liv Fresh air; aer recens 
To enjoy the fresh air ; frui liberiore ccelo ; uti, or 
frui, acre libero, recenti. To be suspended in the air ; 
pendere in ccelo, in acre To build castles in the air ; 
arces imponere ae'ri. To speak to the air; verbaventis 
profundere, Lucr. ; voces manes fundere, Cic To beat 
the air ; operam et oleum perdere, Plaut. II. Air in 
motion, a gentle wind; aura. III. (in music) Modulus, 
Plin. , modulatio, or numerorum modulatio : musici 
modi, Quint. Mournful airs ; modi flebiles, Cic. To 


ftlfti/ an air; modulate canere, Cic I know the air, if I 
could but remember the words ; numeros memini, si verbtt 
tenerem, Virg. The air is well set to the words ; nuineri 
verbis accommodantur, Quint An air, i. e. a song ; 
cantilena; canticum ; Cic. IV. Mien; gestus ; vul- 
tus ; vultus species ; oris habitus, or species. V. Ap- 
pearance ; species ; habitus ; forma. VI. Manner, 
fashion; ratio; modus; Cic. A polite air; urbanitas, 
Cic With a threatening air ; minaciter To give one's 
self great airs ; magnih'ce se ferre, Plaut. ; magnifice 
incedere, Sail. An air of decency or propriety ; decor. 
To have an air of honesty ; probitatem pra; se ferre, 

To AIR. v. a. I. To expose to the air ; ccelo liberiore 
exponere ; coelo aperto exponere. II. To dry (linen, 
ffc. ) ; siccare ; arefacere. 

AIR-BALLOON, s. Pila aetheria ; pila in sublime volans ; 
follis aetherius, or in sublime volans, surgens, tendens. 

AIR-BLADDER, s. I. Any cuticle filled wilh air; 
bulla. II. Of fishes ; vesica natatoria ; or, vesica pis- 
caria, or piscis ; and often simply, vesica, when the other 
may be understood. 

AIR-GUN, s. Telum pneumaticum ; telum jaculans 
ope ae'ris. 

AIR-HOLE, s. Spiraculum ; spiramentum ; meatus ae'ris. 

AIR-PUMP, s. Antlea pneumatica." 

AIR-SHAFT, s. jEstuarium. 

AIRING, s. Vectatio animi causa ; ambulatio ; deam- 
bulatio To take an airing (in a carriage) ; vehi curru 
animi causa ; vectando recreari : (on horseback) ; animi 
causa equo excurrere, or vehi : (on foot) ; animi causa 
ambulare, deambulare. 

AIRY. a. I. Of or belonging to air ; aetherius. 
II. In the air. 1. In the higher regions ; aatherius. 2. In 
the lower regions ; ae'rius. III. Open to the free air ; 
aeri pervius, or expositus. IV. Lighter thin as air ; 
levis ; tenuis ; exilis. V. Vain, empty ; inanis ; vanus. 
( Arnobius says, aerius.) VI. Gay, sprightly ; hilaris ; 
festivus ; lepidus. 

AISLE, s. Ala. 

AKIN. a. I. Related to, 'allied by blood ; cognatus ; 

cpnsanguineus ; eognatione conjunctus ; on the father's 

side, also agnatus ; on the mother's side, cognatus ; by 

marriage, also affinis ; affinitate junctus, or conjunctus. 

II. Allied by nature ; cognatus; affinis; finitimus. 

ALABASTER, s. Alabastrites. 

ALACK, inter). Alack-a-day ! ah! heu! eheu ! 

ALACRITY, s. Alacritas ; hilaritas ; vivacitas. 

ALAMODE. ad. Ex more ; more. 

ALARM, s. I. A cry by which soldiers are summone d 
to arms ; conclamatio ad arma. II. Notice of any 
danger approaching; tumultus To cause an alarm; 
tumultum prsebere, or ciere A false alarm; tumultus 
inanis To sound an alarm (by a trumpet) ; canere tu- 
multum ; periculum indicare cantu buccinae : (by a 
drum)-, tympani sono indicare periculum. III. Sud- 
den fright ; trepidatus ; pavor ; consternatio ; terror 
To take alarm ; aliqua re perturbari ; consternari. 

To ALARM, v . a. I. To call to arms ; adarmacon- 
clamare, vocare. II. To frighten ; perterrefacere ; 
terrorem injicere, incutere, alicui ; inquietare. 

ALARM-BELL, s. Campana tumultuosa ; campana indi- 
cans, significans, indicens, tumultum. If used to give 
alarm of fire ; campana incendiaria. 

ALARM-POST, s. Locus in quo milites in tumultu con- 


ALAS, inter}. Ah ! heu ! eheu ! hei mihi misero ! 
Alas ! (for shame) ; proh dedecus ! proh pudor ! Alas ! 
(for sorrow) ; proh dolor ! 

ALB. s. Amiculum album sacerdotale. 

ALBEIT, ad. Tametsi ; etsi ; quamvis ; quanquarn. 

ALBUGO, s. Albugo oculi ; or simply, albugo, when 
oculi may be understood. 

ALCHYMIST. s. Alchymista; artifex auri efficiendi; 
qui putat se tenere artem auri efficiendi. 

ALCHYMY. s. Alchymia ; ars auri efficiendi. 

ALCOVE, s. Pars cubiculi secretior ; zotheca ; zeta ; 
zetecula, Plin. 

ALDER. 5. Alnus ; Betulaalnus, Linn Made of alder, 

aldern ; alneus. 

ALDERMAN. *. Senator urbanus ; civis patricius. 

ALE. s. Cervisia, or cerevisia ; zythum. 
_ ALE-HOUSE, s. Tabernacerevisiaria ; caupona cerevi- 
Biaria : but the adjective, cerevisiarius, seems not to occur 
in ancient writers. We may use simply caupona ; or cau- 
pona, taberna, vendenda* cerevisiae serviens ; or without 

ALEMBIC, s. Cucumella stillatoria. 

ALERT, a. Alacer ; impiger ; vegetus ; promptus. 

ALERTNESS, s. Alacritas ; vivacitas. 

ALGEBRA. 5. An Arabic word, and must be retained ; 

ALIEN, a. I. Foreign ; alieginus ; aliegina ; pere- 
grinus; exterus ; externus. II. Estranged from ; ad- 
versus, adversarius, contrarius, alicui To be alien from; 
esse contrarium alicui ; repugnari ; adversari. 


ALIEN, s. !. A foreigner, stranger ; exterus; exter- 
nus. II. (In law); percgrinus ; advena ; hospes. 

ALIENAHI.E. a. Quod alienari potest. 

To ALIENATE, v. a. I. To transfer the property of 
any thing to another; alienare; abalienare. II. To 
withdraw the affections ; alienare ; alienum reddere ; ab- 

ALIENATE, a. Alienus ; alienatus. 

ALIENATION, s. I. The act of transferring property; 
alienatio ; abalienatio : or by the verb ; e. g. rebus suis 
alienandis. II Coldness of affection; frigus ; lenti- 
tudo ; lentus animus ; negligentia. 

To ALIGHT, v. n. I. To come down and stop ; sidere ; 
considere. II. To fall upon; .decidere, delabi in. 
III. From horseback; desilire ; ^^cendere ex equo, or 
ad pedes. 

ALIKE, a. Similis alicui, or alicujus. To make 
alike ; aliquid simile reddere ; assimilare ; ad similitu- 
dinem rei formare. 

ALIMENT, s. Alimentum ; nutrimentum ; victus. 

ALIMENTAL or ALIMENTARY, a. Nutribilis, Czel. Aur. ; 
alibilis, Varr. ; serviens nutrimento, nutriendo, alendo ; 
alens ; nutriens ; aptus nutriendo, alendo. 

ALIMENTAUINESS. s. Vis nutriens ; vis alibilis ; vig 
serviens nutrimento, nutriendo. 

ALIMONY. s. i.e. Nourishment ; nutritus ; (sustentatio, 
Pandect.); alitura, Cell. If equivalent to A yearly allow- 
ance of money; pecunia annua ; stipendium annuum. 

ALIVE, a. I. Living ; vivus ; vivens ; in vivis. To 
be alive ; vjvere ; in vivis esse. To take one alive ; ca- 
pere aliquem vivum. II. Active, in full force ; vividus ; 
vivax ; vegetus; vivens. III. Cheerful, sprightly; 

vivus ; vividus To be alive; vividum esse. IV. Used 

for the sake of emphasis ; as, The best man alive ; hujus 

ALL. a. I. The whole number, etmi/ one ; omnis ; 
cunctus ; universus quisque ; unusqnl^fue ; singuli. It 
may also be rendered by nullus non, when a verb follows. 
Are you all here.? adestisne universi ? We are all here; 
universi adsumus. They are not all yet come ; nondum 
sunt universi; desunt nonnulli. II. The whole quan- 
tity, every part ; integer; totus ; solidus ; uuiversus. 

ALL. s. i.e. The whole ; totum ; universum. 

ALL. s., a., ad. In various phrases. In all; in uni- 
versum ; omnino ; in totum. To be all ovefa finem ha- 
bere; finitum e^sse The candle is all burnt ; candela 
consumta est. The candles are all gone, I e. none is 
left; deest candela. All alone ; plane solus. AW at all; 
plane non ; prorsus non ; omnino non ; minime. (In an- 
swers) ; nihil minus. Nothing at all; nihil omnino It 

is all one ; est idem ; nihil differt ; nil interest It is all 
one tome; mihi est idem; nihil interest mea ; or, pro 
eodem habeo, juxta aestimo (utrum). This is all one, as 
if I should say, $c. ; hoc perindeest ac (tanquam, &c.) si 
ego dicam, &c All of a sudden; subito ; repente Once 
for all ; semel ; or, in universum. He is all my care; 
ilium euro unum. He is allfor himself; sibi soli cavet, 
prospicit / will take all the care I can ; quam, or quan- 
tum, potero, cavebo. Make ail the haste you can ; quan- 
tum poteris, festina. In such phrases as these, All may be 
expressed by quantumcunque, quod, quidquid, quantum, 

quam All around, on all sides ; undique ; passim; un- 

decunque. All alone ; solus ; solitarius All at once ; 
simul et semel All along. 1. (Of time) ; usque ; conti- 
nue ; perpetuo ; nunquam non. 2. Lying prostrate ; 
prostratus. All the while ; per totum tempus All to- 
gether ; omnes ; universi simul. By all means ; omnino. 
All the better ; tanto melius. All to no purpose ; all 

in vain; frustra Most of all; praecipue ; praesertim. 

All-hail! salve ! All Hallows or All Saints' Day ; dies 
festus omnium sanctof\im All Souls' Day may be ren- 
dered by Feralia. 

ALL-SEEING, a. Omnituens, Lucret. ; Val. Flacc. ; Ar- 
nob. ; or, qui omnia uno intuitu lustrat. 

ALL-WISE, a. Sciens omnium rerum. God is all- 
wise ; Deus est omnium rerum sciens, omnia scit ; 
nihil Deum fugit. 

To ALLAY, v. a. I. To mix one metal (e. g. gold) 
with another ; (aurum) conjungere cum alio metallo. 
II. To mitigate; lenire ; mollire; mitigare ; levare. 

ALLAY, s. I. Metal of a baser kind, mixed in coins ; 
mistio (or mixtio) ; mistura (or mixtura). II. That 
which mitigates ; levamen ; levamentum. 

ALLEGATION, s. I. Affirmation, declaration ; af- 

firmatio A false allegation; calumnia. II. The thing 

alleged or affirmed ; dictum; sententia; opinio. III. 
An excuse, plea ; excusatio ; pnetextus ; causa. 

To ALLEGE, v. a. I. To affirm, declare, maintain; 
affirmare ; aio ; tenere ; obtinere ; contendere ; defendere. 
II. To plead as an excuse or argument ; prsetexere, 

or praetendere, aliquid ; praetextu (excusatione) uti, cau- 
samproferre. 1 1 1. To cite f" 
citare ; laudare. 

: or quote (an author); aflerre ; 

ALLEGEABLE. a. Quod affirmari potest. 

ALLEGIANCE. 5. Fides ; officium civis, munus ; partes. 
On my allegiance; per fidem meam, or medius ft 



ALLEGORICAL, a. Symbolicus ; allegoricus ; tropicus ; 

ALLEGORICALLY. ad. Tropice ; per translationem ; 
translate. (Symbolice, Cell.) 

To A LLEGORISE. v. a. Sermone uti translate ; trans- 
latione uti ; per translationem loqui. (Tertullian uses 
the word allegorize.) 

ALLEGORY. s. Allegoria, Quint.; translatio ; verba 

ALLEGRO, ad. Lsete; hilariter; vivide, Cell. 

To ALLEVIATE, v. a. Levare ; reddere leviorem ; le- 
nire ; mollire ; mitigare. 

ALLEVIATION. 5. I. The act of making light; levatio ; 
raitigatio. II. That by which any pain is eased, or 
fault extenuated ; levamentum ; lenimentum ; levamen ; 

ALLEY, s. I. A walk in a garden; via arboribus 
utrinque septa ; sometimes, ambuiatio (ambulacrum) ar- 
boribus utrinque septa (septum). It may, perhaps, also be 
rendered, xystus. II. A narrow passage in towns ; an- 
giportus ; angiportum. 

ALLIANCE, s. I. A league; foedus ; societas To 
make an alliance ; foedus facere, inire, componere, icere, 
percutere ; societatem facere, inire, coire, conflare. 
To break or violate an alliance ; fcedus frangere, vio- 
lare. II. Relation by marriage or kindred ; ( by mar- 
riage) conjunctio per affinitatem ; affinitas ; (by kindred) 
consanguinitas ; cognatio ; (by either marriage or kin- 
dred) propinquitas. III. The persons allied to each 
other ; (by marriage) affines ; affinitate juncti (con. 
juncti) ; (by kindred) cognati ; consanguinei ; cognatione 
conjunct! ; (by either marriage or kindred) propinqui. 

ALLIGATION, s. I. The act of tying together ; con- 
junctio ; connexio ; copulatio : or by the verbs ; e. g. rebus 
conjungendis, connectendis, copulandis. II. A rule 
in arithmetic ; de permistione, or mistura (regula). 

ALLIGATOR. 5. Crocodilus. 

ALLODIAL, a. Proprius ; peculiaris. 

To ALLOO. v. a. i. e. To incite by crying attoo ; hor- 
tari ; incitare ; instigare \ concitare. 

To ALLOT, -v. a. I. To distribute by lot ; in partes 
dividere ; sortito tribuere. II. To grant, distribute, 
give each his share ; assignare ; attribuere ; praebere ; 
tribuere ; facere aliquem participem rei. 

ALLOTMENT. 5. I. A dividing by lot ; sortitio. 
II. The portion granted ; pars; portio ; sors. Accord- 
ing to the allotment ; pro rata parte ; or, simply, pro rata. 

To ALLOW, v. a. I. To admit, not to contradict ; 
concedere. Allow me to say ; concedas mihi ut dicam ; 
patiare me dicere, &c. ; or, pace tua dixerim. II. To 
approve; probare ; comprobare ; agnoscere. III. To 
grant, yield; concedere.; admittere. Not to allow; 
negare. IV. To permit ; permittere ; concedere alicui 
rem, or ut (that) for the accusative ; also potestatem 
(veniam) alicui dare, with a genitive, or a gerund in di ; 
also pati, sinere, followed by an accusative with an infini- 
tive To allow one's self any thing ; uti ; audere Al- 
lowed; licitus ; concessus ; permissus. To be allowed; 
licere. V. To make abatement or provision ; de sum- 
ma deducere, detrahere. 

ALLOWABLE, a. i. e. Lawful, not forbidden ; licitus ; 
non vetitus. 

ALLOWANCE, s. I. Admission without contradiction; 
concessio : or by the verb ; e. g. concedenda sententia 
(enuntiatione, propositione). II. Permission; venia; 
potestas. III. Abatement from strict rigour ; venia; 
indulgentia. . To make allowance ; indulgere ; veniam 
dare Without any allowance; acerbe That makes 
no allowance ; acerbus. That makes allowance ; indul- 
gens; facilis. IV, A settled rate for any use ; ratio. 


To ALLUDE, v. n. Spectare ; respicere ; tangere 
(verbis) aliquid ; alludere ; also, notare. 

To ALLURE, v. a. Allicere ; allectare ; invitare ; de- 

ALLUREMENT, s. I. The act of alluring ; allectatio ; 
invitatio ; or by the verbs. II. That which allures; 
illecebra ; incitamentum ; blandimentum, 

ALLURINGLY, ad. Captiose ; illecebrose. 

ALLUSION, s. Notatio ; and, perhaps, tactio : also by 
a verb; respiciens (spectans, notans, tangens) locum, &c. 
Thus also, e. g. He said that in allusion to a passage, 
$c. ; dicebat hoc re tangenda ; notanda ilia re, by allusion 

To ALLY. v. a. Se conjungere ; se jungere ; se colligare ; 
jungi ; conjungi ; sociari ; also, societatem inire, coire, 
facere, conflare ; foedus facere, inire, componere, icere, 

ALLY. v. a. Socius; foederis particeps ; federejunc- 
tus ; fcederatus ; amicus. 

ALMANAC, s. Fasti ; calendarium. 

ALMIGHTINESS. s. Omnipotentia, Macrob. ; or, poten- 
tia ad omnia omnino pertinens ; potentia omnium rerum. 

ALMIGHTY, a. Omnipotens ; potens omnium rerum. 

ALMOND, s. Amygdala ; amygdalum Almond-tree; 
amygdala ; amygdalus. Almonds of the ears (rather, of 
the throat) ; tonsillae. 

ALMONER, s. Curator stipis egenis collects. ( Some say, 
eleemosy narius . ) 


ALMOST, ad. Fere ; ferme ; prope *, propemodum ; 
paene : also, tantum non, when a verb or adjective fol- 
lows ; e. g. Almost all; tantum non omnes ; or thus, pa- 
rum abest quin credam ; / almost believe it. .(Equalis 
mihi fere est aetate (annis) ; or, non multum distat a me* 
aetate ; He is almost as old as I am. 

ALMS. s. Pecunia, quae (donum, quod) egenis datur ; 
ecclesiastical writers say, eleemosyna. When it is said of 

money collected, we may use stips To collect alms ; 

stipem colligere. To live upon alms ; vivere de bene- 
ficio aliorum, or eleempsynis, or stipe. To give alms; 
donum alicui propter ejus egestatem dare ; or, stipem 
confer re. 

ALMS-BOX, s. Pyxis eleemosynaria ; cippus eleempsy- 
narius : or, to avoid the use of a modern word, pyxis in 
qua stips egenis colligitur, or in quam stips conjicitur ; 
cippus, in quo stips egenis colligitur, or in quern stips ja- 

ALMSHOUSE. s. .SSdificium pauperibus alendis destina- 
tum ; hospitium pauperum ; ptochium, Cod. Just. ; or, 
ptochitrophium, Cod. Just. 

ALOES, s. I. A precious wood used in the East for 
perfume; xylaloe i agallochum ; agallpchon. It. A 
plant which grows in hot countries ; aloe. 

ALOFT, ad. Alte ; excelse ; celse ; sublime ; in ex- 
celso, &c. 

ALONE, a. Solus ; solitarius. It may often be rendered 
by unus i e. g. I alone knew it, ego unus (solus) scie- 
bam Pray to God alone ; Deum unum (solum). To 
leave alone; derelinquere ; deserere To let alone; 
mittere ; omittere ; praetermittere ; missurn facere. 

ALONE, ad. Solum ; tanium ; modo ; duntaxat ; tan- 
tum modo. 

ALONG, ad. I. At length ; in longitudinem ; in Ion- 
gum All along, i. e. always; perpetuo ; semper ; nun- 
quam non. II. Forward, onward; prorsum ; protenus. 

ALONG, prep. Per ; or by an ablative ; e. g. ibam via 
sacra Along with ; una cum. 

ALOOF, ad. Procul ; longe ;. eminus. 

ALOUD, ad. Clare ; clara, or intenta, voce. 

ALPHABET, s. (Alphabetum, Tertull.) ; ordo lite- 
rarum vulgari consuetudine receptus; ordo literarum 
vulgaris A book containing the alphabet; libellus in 
quo ordo literarum vulgaris exponitur. Some say, libellus 

ALPHABETICAL, a. Alphabeticus ; ex ordine literarum 

ALPHABETICALLY, ad. Ex ordine literarum vulgari. 

ALREADY, ad. Jam ; dudum : pridem ; jamdudum ; 
jampridem ; jamjam. 

ALSO. ad. I. Likewise ; et ; etiam ; item ; quoque ; 
necnon ; itidem. Quoque must be placed after one or 
more words ; e. g. ego quoque scio. This may often be 
expressed by the use of idem, eadem, idem : e. g. 
You have read Cicero, and I have also ; ego eundem 
legi Your father wept, and also complained ; idem 
querebatur. II. Moreover; praeterea ; porro ; autem ; 
insuper ; quinetiam ; ad haac ; hue accedit quod. 

ALTAR, s. Altare ; ara. 

To ALTER, v. a. Mutare ; immutare ; permutare 

I cannot alter it ; non mihi amplius integrum est ; or, 
mutare non amplius licet To alter one's opinion ; sen- 
tentiam mutare ; de sententia decedere. 

To ALTER, v. n. Se mutare or immutare ; mutari ; 
immutari ; alium fieri. ( Of the disposition or manners) ; 
mutare vitam ; mutare mores. 

ALTERABLE, a. Qui (quas, quod) mutari potest ; mu- 

ALTERATION, s. I. The act of altering ; mutatio ; 
immutatio ; conversio : or by the verbs. II. The change 
made. To make an alteration ; mutare, &c. With al- 
teration; mutata (commutata) ratione ; mutato modo. 
There is a great alteration ; multa mutata sunt ; mag- 
na rerum commutatio facta est. 

ALTERCATION, s. JLis ; rixa ; jurgium ; contentio ; li- 

tigium ; altercatio To cause an altercation ; ciere ; 

movere, &c To have an altercation; litem habere ; 
litigare ; rixari, &c. 

ALTERNATE, ALTERNATELY, ad. In vices ; in vicem ; 
mutuo : (of two) ; alternis. 

To ALTERNATE, v. a. Variare per vices : (of two) ; 
variare alternis Joy and grief alternate ; laetitia et 
dolor alternis veniunt ; sibi per vices succedunt. 

ALTERNATION, s. Vices ; vicissitude. 

ALTHOUGH, conj. Quamvis ; etsi ; tametsi ; quanquam ; 
licet. N. B. Licet always takes the conjunctive ; the 
others take sometimes an indicative ; but they have a 
conjunctive, 1. When might, should, &c., or uncer- 
tainty, are to be expressed ; e. g. etsi non credam 
(crederem). 2. When preceded by a conjunctive or 
an accusative and infinitive It may be remarked that 
quamvis takes a conjunctive also when it is used for 
howsoever; e. g. How rich soever you may be; quamvis 
sis dives. 


ALTITUDE, s. Altitudo ; celsitudo ; excelsitas ; pro- 

ALTOGETHER, ad. I. Entirely : omnino ; plane ; 
prorsus. II. In the wholes in sunima. 

ALUM, s. Alumen. 

ALUMINOUS, a. Aluminosus. 

ALWAYS, ad. I. Perpetually ; semper ; omni tern- 
pore ; nullo non tempore ; nunquara non (with a verb). 
II. Constantly, without variation; continenter ; per- 
petuo ; omni tempore ; nullo non tempore ; nunquam non 
(with a verb). III. When Always is equivalent to 
most frequently, commonly, it is rendered by plerum- 
que ; or by the verb solere ; e. g. This man always comes 
too late ; solet sero (tarde) venire. 

I AM. i. e. I exist ; sum ; exsisto. For the most part 
this word is used as the sign of a verb active, neuter, or 
passive, and is expressed in Latin only by the use of a 
corresponding verb ; e. g. / am loved, amor ; / am sick, 
aegroto, &c. 

AMAIN, ad. I. With speed; celeriter ; velociter ; 
cito. II. With vigour; provirili. 

To AMALGAMATE, v. n. Miscere, permiscere, rem rei, 
rem re, or cum re. 

AMALGAMATION, s. Mistio (or mixtio) ; mistura (or 

AMANUENSIS, s. Actuarius, Suet. ; servus a manu ; 

AMARANTH, s. Amarantus, Ov. ; Plin. 

AMARANTINE. a. e. g. Colour ; color amarantinus ; or, 
as amarantinus seems not to occur, amaranti. 

To AMASS, v. a. Cumulare ; accumulare ; coacervare ; 

AMATORY, a. Amatorius ; ad amorem pertinens. 

To AMAZE, v. a. I. To confuse with terror ; terrere ; 
perterrere ; perterref acere ; exterrere ; territare ; ter- 
rorem alicui incutere (injicere). II. To confuse with 
wonder ; perturbare ; confundere ; percutere ; percel- 
lere ; stupet'acere ; obstupefacere. 


AMAZEDLY. ad. Use the participle perturbatus, &c. ; 
or, cum perturbatione, &c. 

AMAZEMENT.*. Stupor ; perturbatio. Or by a participle: 
e. g. In amazement; perturbatus Of or through amaze- 
ment ; perturbatione motus, or perturbatus (percussus, 
&c.) To my amazement; cum mea perturbatione, or, 
ad me perturbandum To strike with amazement. See 

AMAZING, part. a. I. Astonishing; stupendus ; mi- 
rabilis ; mirandus. II. Very great ; vehemens, &c. 

AMAZINGLY, ad. I. Astonishingly; stupendum in 
modum; mirabiliter. II. Very, greatly ; valde ; supra 
modum ; vehementer ; mirabiliter. 

AMBASSADOR, s. Legatus ; orator. To be an ambas- 
sador ; legatum esse ; legationem administrare ; munere 
legati (or legatione) fungi. 

AMBASSAGE. s. Legatio. See EMBASSY. 

AMBER, s. Succinum; electrum. 

AMBER, a. Electrinus ; ex electro (factus) ; succi- 
neus ; or, e succino (factus). 

AMBERGRIS, s. Probably, ambra, or ambrum ; usually, 
ambra : also, electrum opacum ; electrum opacum tenax, 

AMBER-TREE, s. Liquidambra, Styraciflua, Linn. 

equally the use of both his hands ; ambidexter seems not 
to occur : asquimanus is used in this sense by Ausonius ; 
and Symmachus says, trtptiifytv, i. e. aequimanum. 
II. That is equally ready to act on both sides in party 
disputes; fautor duorum hominum inter se dissentien- 
tium ; favens duobus inter se dissentientibus ; or, in 
certain cases, fautor utriusque ; favens utrique. 

AMBIENT, a. Qui ambit, circuit, circumvenit, circum- 

AMBIGUITY, AMSIGUOUSNESS. s. Arnbiguitas, Liv. ; 
Cic. ; Quint. ; obscuritas. 

AMBIGUOUS, a. Ambiguus ; anceps. 

AMBIGUOUSLY, ad. Ambigue. 

AMBIT, s. Ambitus ; circuitus ; complexus. 

AMBITION, s. Sitis honoris ; nimia aviditas honoris ; 
cupiditas laudis, or gloriae ; ambitio, Cic. 

AMBITIOUS, a. Sitiens honoris ; cupidus laudis, or glo- 
riae ; ambitiosus. 

To AMBLE, v. n. Tolutim incedere ; gradiari. 

AMBLE, s. Incessus gradarius. 

AMBLER, s. Equus gradarius (or, perhaps, toluta- 

AMBUSCADE, AMBUSH, s. I. A place where persons 
lie in wait in order to surprise another ; insidiae. II. 
The Hers in wait ; insidise ; insidiatores. N. B. To 
place an ambush ; insidias collocare, &c. 

AMEN. ad. Ita fiat ; esto ; Amen. 

AMENABLE, a. Cui res est praestanda, or defendenda ; 
e. g. You are amenable for it; tu debes rem praestare, or 
defendere ; tibi est res praestanda (or defendenda). 

To AMEND, v. a. i. e. To make belter ; corrigere ; 
emendare ; meliorom redder;'. 

To AMEND, v. n. I. (Of the life and manners) ; ad 


meliorem frugem redire, se recipere ; meliorem fieri ; vi- 
tam mutare. II. (Of the health); melius se habere : 
also, meliorem fieri, Cels. : e. g. aegrotus fit inelior ; or, 
segroto fit melius, Cic. We may say also, convalescere 
sanitatem recuperare, &c. 

AMENDMENT, s. I. (Of the life and manners) : melior 
vita ; reditus ad frugem meliorem ; emendatio vitaa. 

II. (Of the health of a patient) ; melior conditio acgroti 

There seems to be some amendment ; videtur melius fieri 
aegroto ; aegrotus videtur fieri melior, or convaJrscere. 

AMENDS, s. Kestitutio ; compensatio ; pematio. Also 
by a verb ; e. g. damno resarciendo (compensando, &c.). 
By way of amends ; ad damnum resarciendum, &c. 

To AMERCE, v. a. Mulctare pecunia ; mulctam alicui 
dicere, or facere, or indicere ; mulctam dicere in ali- 

AMERCEMENT, s. Mulcta pecuniaria (numaria) ; or 
simply, mulcta. 

AMETHYST, s. Amethystus. 

AMIABLE, a. i. e. Lovely ; amabilis ; amandus ; amore 

AMIABLENESS. s. Amabilitas, Plaut. ; or, amabilis 
(amore digna) natura, conditio. 

AMIABLY, ad. Amabiliter. 

AMICABLE, a. Amicus ; benevolus ; oflBciosus. 

AMICABLENESS. s. Benevolentia. 

AMID, AMIDST, prep. Inter ; in medio. The adjective 
medius may often be used : e. g. in media urbe ; per 
medium ignem, &c. 

AMISS, ad. Male; perperam ; vitiose ; non recte ; 
prave To do amiss ; peccare ; offendere Not amiss ; 
haud incommode ; non abs re. 


AMMONIAC, s Gum ammoniac ; gummi ammoniacum, 
or, simply, ammoniacum. Sal ammoniac ; sal ainmouia- 

AMMUNITION, s. Copia bellica; apparatus belli, or 

AMNESTY, s. Lex oblivionis, Nep. 

AMONG, AMONGST, prep. In ; inter ; apud. In, with 
ablative : e. g. To reckon among one's friends ; numerare 
inter amicos, or in amicis ; also, referre inter amicos, or 
innumero (numerum) amicorum. From among; e; ex. 

AMOROUS, a. Amori deditus ; Veneri deditus ; vene- 
reus ; amatorius. 

AMOROUSLY, ad. Amatorie ; blande. 

To AMOUNT, v. n. Efficere ; conficere ; summam effi- 
cere. It amounts to this; hoc redit eo (ad id). It 
amounts to the same ; res eodem redit ; nil differt ; nil 

AMOUNT, s. Summa. 

AMPHIBIOUS, a. Varro uses the word amphibium, 
sc. animal. 

AMPHITHEATRE, s. Amphitheatrum. Belonging to an 
amphitheatre ; amphitheatralis. 

AMPLE, a. I. Wide, extended ; aroplus ; spatiosus ; 
latus. II. Great in bulk; magnus ; ampins. III. 
Unlimited, without restriction ; infinitus ; nullis finibus 
(or limitibus) inclusus (or circumscriptus). 

AMPLENESS. s. Magnitude ; amplitude ; latitude ; 

AMPLIFICATION, s. Amplificatio ; dilatatio ; auctus. 
(In rhetoric) ; circumductio, Quint. 

To AMPLIFY, AMPLIFICATE. v. a. Dilatare ; amplifi- 
care ; exaggerare ; augere (In rhetoric) ; circumducere, 

AMPLITUDE, s. I. Extent; ambitus; circuitus; 
complexus. II. Largeness, greatness; magnitude ; 
amplitudo. III. Capacity; capacitas ; facultas. 
IV. Copiousness, abundance ; divitize ; copia; ubertas. 

AMPLY, ad. I. Largely; large; copiose. II. At 
large ; copiously ; plene ; plane ; penitus ; prorsus ; 

To AMPUTATE, v. a. Amputare ; desecare ; absci- 
dere ; abscindere ; resecare ; also, prascidere. 

AMPUTATION, s. Desectio ; sectio. 

AMULET, s. Amuletum, Plin. 

To AMUSE, v. a. I. To entertain; delectare ; ob- 
lectare ; exhilarare ; juvare ; esse oblectationi, dlec- 
tationi, voluptati. . 11. To draio on from time to time ; 
ducere ; fallere ; decipere ; circumvenire ; inducere ali- 

AMUSEMENT. s. I. The act of amusing ; delectatio ; 
oblectatio. Or by a verb ; e.g. For the amusement of the 
guests ; ad convivas exhilarandos, delectandos, oblec- 
tandos. II. That which amuses; delectamentum ; 
oblectamentum To serve for amusement ; esse delecta- 
mento, &c. 

AN. See A. 

ANABAPTISM. s. Repetitio baptismi (baptismatis) ; 
baptismus repetitus ; baptisma repetitum. 

ANABAPTIST, s. Anabaptista; mennonita. 

ANALOGICAL, a. Analogicus ; and, perhaps, similis. 

ANALOGICALLY, ad. Per, or secundum, analogiam ; 

ANALOGY, s. Analogia ; similitudo. 

ANARCHY. *. Inopia (defectus) capitis, principis, 


nunimi magistratus, magistrorum civitatis, eorum qui 
reipublicae praesunt, or praeesse debent. 

ANATOMICAL, a. Anatomicus. 

ANATOMICALLY, ad. Anatomice (but this word seems 
not to occur) ; e regulis incisionis corporum ; e regulis 
(praescriptis) anatomias. 

To ANATOMISE, v. a. Incidere, or secare, corpus (cor- 

ANATOMIST. *. Gnarus (peritus) incidendi et per- 
scrutandi corpora ; peritus anatomise. 

ANATOMY, t. I. The art of dissecting the body ; ana- 
tomia, Caal. Aur. ; anatomice, Macrob. ; ars incidendi 
(secandi) corpora. II. The act of dividing any thing ; 
83Ctio ; incisio. 

ANCESTOR.*. Unus e majoribus. (PI.) Ancestors; 
majores ; qui antenos fuerunt (vixerunt). 

ANCESTRAL, a. Paternus ; patrius. 

ANCESTRY, s. I. Lineage ; genus ; origo ; stirps. 
It. The honour of descent, birth ; nobilitas, or antiquitas, 

generis Ofni''e ancestry ; illustri stirpe, or loco, na- 

tus. Pride of ancestry ; superbia de mfcjoribus suis, pb 

majores suos, de antiquitate, or ob antiquitatem, generis. 

ANCHOR, s. Ancora; navalis uncus,VaI. Flacc To cast 
anchor ; ancoram jacere To weigh anchor ; ancoram 
tollere, or solvere. To hoist anchors ancoram moliri. 

To lie or ride at anchor ; navem in ancoris tenere ; 

in ancoris commorari, stare, or exspectare: also, in 
ancoris constitisse. To come to an anchor ; consistere 
in ancoris, Caes. ; or, ad ancoram, Cass. Arm of an 
anchor; brachium (or cornu) ancorae. Shank of an 

anchor ; lignum ancorale Anchor-smith ; faber fer- 

rarius ancorarius. 

To ANCHOR, v. n. I. To cast anchor ; ancoram ja- 
cere. II. To lie at anchor ; navem in ancoris tenere, 
&c. See ANCHOR. 

ANCHORAGE, s. I. Money paid for permission to 
anchor; pecunia ancoralis, or ancoraria ; vectigal 
ancorale. II. Ground for anchoring ; fuiidus ancoraa 
jacienda? aptus. 

ANCHOVY, s. Encrasicholus ; or, clupea encrasicholus, 

Linn.; Sarda. Anchovy-sauce; jus encrasicholinum ; 

or, rather, Sardinium, or Sardiniense. 

ANCIENT, a. I. Old, not tnodern ; vetus ; antiquus ; 
priscus The. ancients ; antiqui ; prisci ; veteres ; ma- 
fores. II. Old, that has been of long duration; yetus ; 
vetustus. III. Past, former ; alio tempore ; alias. 

ANCIENT, s. i. e. The flag or streamer of a ship ; 
vexillum navale ; signum. 

ANCIENTLY, ad. Antiquitus , antique ; tempore prisco ; 
antehac ; antea ; olim ; quondam. 

ANCIENTS, s. i. e. Those who lived in old times ; 
veteres ; antiqui ; prisci. 

AND. conj. I. Et ; ac ; atque ; que. Obs. l.Queis 
put after the word which it connects with another ; e. g. 
Father and mother ; pater materque. 2. Some suppose 
that the Romans did not use ac before a vowel, but 
wrote, e. g. atque ilium, atque ego, &c., rather than ac 
ilium, ac ego, &c. This point is indeed very doubtful, 
but in writing Latin it is better to make a rule of placing 
atque or et before a vowel, rather than ac. II. And 
also ; et etiam ; atque etiam ; itemque ; nee non ; or, 
neque non; e. g. And I also am able; et ego etiam, or 
necego non, possum. lll.Andnot; et non; ac non; atque 
non ; or, more concisely, nee, neque ; e. g. He knows 
not, and is not able ; neque (nee) potest. IV. And if; 
ac si : et si maybe used, but ac si is preferable, on account 
of the resemblance of et si to the conjunction etsi, 
although. V. And indeed, and that ; etquidem. But 
this is more frequently expressed by et is, et ea, et id, &c., 
when it refers to a substantive ; and by et id, or idque, 
when it refers to a verb or a whole sentence ; e. g. / 
have many books, and indeed very fine ones ; habeo multos 
libros, et eos (or eosque) pulchros He slept, and that 
in his own house ; dormiebat, idque domi. If a negative 
be joined with it, nee is put for et; e. g. I have many 
books, and indeed not poor ones ; habeo multos libros, 
nee eos contemnendos. And therefore; proin ; pro- 
inde ; ideo ; idcirco. And yet ; tamen ; etsi. VI. 
And, in antithetical sentences, where it is nearly 
equivalent to but, is usually omitted in Latin ; e. g. 
Caius is rich, and Titius is poor ; Caius est dives, Titius 
pauper. Or it may be expressed by autem. VII. In 
such a phrase as, Do me a pleasure and come, we must 
not use et, &c. but ut ; e, g. da mini hoc, ut venias Thus 
also, How we may do so and so, and not be seen ; quomodo 
poss'umus aliquid facere, ut non conspiciamur. VIII. 
And I, and thou, and he, &c., after a period or a colon, are 
usually expressed by qui, quae, quod, at the beginning of 
the following sentence or clause : e. g. He died ; and when 
he was buried; moriebatur ; qui cum sepeliretur He 
died with a cheerful countenance; and if you had seen him 
expire ; moriebatur fronte hilari ; quern si vidisses mori, 
&c. IX. In many other cases, as when it may be ex- 
pressed in English by As, while, after, 8$c., it may be 
omitted, and the connection may be expressed by a parti- 
ciple , e. g. He laid down the book, and rose, i. e. after he 
had, &c. ; libro deposito, surrexit. He read the book, and 


laughed, i. e. AS or while he was reading, $c. ; logons 
librum ridebat : or it maybe included in the supine ; e.g. 

I will go and see ; ibo visum A little more and he 

had been killed ; parum abfuit quin interficeretur. 
ANDIRON, s. Vara igniaria. 

ANDROGYNAL or ANDROGYNOUS, a. Androgynu? ; her- 
maphroditus ; homo utriusque sexus ; homo ambiguo 

inter marem ac feminam sexu (Of animals); bestia 

utriusque sexus, bestia hermaphrodita, &c (Of plants) ; 

planta utriusque sexus ; planta hermaphrodita. 
ANECDOTE, s. Narratio ; narratiuncula. 
ANEW. ad. I. Over again ; de integro ; ab integro ; 
denuo ; iterum. II. Newly ; recenter ; recens ; nove. 
ANGEL, s. I. Prop, angelus. II. Fig. (as a term of 
endearment) ; mi amme ! mea vita ! and, perhaps, mi 
angele ! but of course this term was not used by the an- 
cients. III. A piece of money so called ; nummusaugeli 
effigie signatus ; or, nummus ab angelo nomen gerens ; or 
perhaps we may say, nummus angelicus A good angel ; 
albus, or bonus, genius Av evil angel ; ater, or malus, 

ANGELICAL, ANGELIC, a. I. Of or belonging to angels; 
angelicus. II. Of superhuman purity or innocence; 
tarn purus, quam angelus est ; purus instar angeli ; or, 

ANGER, s. I. Uneasiness upon receipt of an injury ; 
ira ; iracundia. Vehement anger ; excandescentia. 

j To lay aside anger ; iram omittere, deponere, ponere. 

j Anger subsides ; ira defervescit, deflagrat Anger is 

| allayed or appeased; ira decedit, abit, evanescit In 

anger ; iratus Through or out of anger ; prae ira ; per 
iram. To give vent to anger; iram eflundere, or 
evomere. II. Smart of a sore ; dolor; inflammatio. 

To ANGER, v. a. Iratum reddere, or facere ; irri- 

tare ; ira aliquem incendere ; animum, or iram, alicui 

movere ; bilem, or iram, alicujus concitare ; stomachum 

; facere. 

j ANGLE, s. Angulus. A right angle ; angulus 

rectus. Acute ; acutus Obtuse; obtusus. 

To ANGLE, v. a. I. Prop. Piscari hamo ; pise -s 
hamo captare, or capere. II. Fig. i. e. To try to gain 
by artifice ; appetere, aucupari, aliquid. 

ANGLE-ROD or ANGLING-ROD, s. Virga, or arundo, 

ANGLER, s. Piscator. 
ANGLING-LINE, s. Linea piscatoria. 
ANGRILY, ad. Irate ; also by the adjective iratus ; e. g. 
He spake angrily ; iratus. 

ANGRY, a. I. Touched with anger ; iratus ; indigna- 
bundus. To make angry ; iratum reddere, or facere ; 

irritare ; iram alicujus concitare ; iram alicui movere. 

i To become angry ; irritari ; ira incendi ; excandescere 
] ira ; iratum fieri. To be angry ; iratum esse ; irasci, e. g. 
: alicui ; also, stomachari Soon angry; irritabflis ; 
iracundus ; stomachosus. II. Painful, inflamed; 
dolens ; dolorosus ; inflammatus. 

ANGUISH, s. I. (Of body) ; dolor ; cruclatus. II. 
(Of mind); angor ; pavor ; sollicitudo. 

ANGULAR or ANGULOUS. a. Angulosus ; angulatus ; 
angulos habens ; angulis praeditus ; angularis. 

ANIMADVERSION, s. I. Reproof; reprehensio ; vitupe- 
ratio ; vituperium ; or by the verbs. II. Punishment; 

To ANIMADVERT, v. n. I. To reprove ; vituperare ; 
j reprehendere ; culpare ; accusare. II. To punish ; 
punire aliquem ; animadvertere in aliquem, or in aliquid ; 
pcena aflicere aliquem. To animadvert severely ; gravi 
pcena afficere. 

ANIMAL, s. Animal ; animans ; bestia : bellua. 
| ANIMAL. 'a. Animalis ; bestialis. The animal king- 
', dom ; regnum animale ; classis animalium. 

ANIMALCULE, s. Bestiola. Animalculum seems not to 

To ANIMATE, v. a. I. To make alive; animare 

aliquem; or, dare alicui vitam. II. To encourage, 

\ incite ; reddere aliquem vegetum ; dare alicui vigorem ; 

i excitare ; incitare ; cohortari ; animum addere. 

| ANIMATE, ANIMATED, part. a. I. Alive; vivus. II. 

i Lively ; vividus ; vivax ; vegetus. III. Encouraged; 

excitatus ; incitatus. With animation ; vivide ; alacriter. 

ANIMATION.*. I. The act of animating ; animatio. 

II. The state of being enlivened; vivacitas ; vigor; 


ANIMOSITY, s. Odium ; commotto animi ; animus in- 
fensus. To conceive animosity ; odium suscipere, or 
concipere, in, or adversus, aliquem. To cherish or enfer- 
1 tain animosity ; odisse aliquem ; odio habere aliquem ; 
also, odium 'habere To excite, create, or occasion 
animosity ; odium concitare, creare, movere. 
ANISE, s. Anisum ; or, Pimpinella Anisum, Linn. 
ANKER, s. Amphora dimidia ; dimidium amphora? ; 
ANKLE, s. 

ANNALS, s. Liber annalis ; also, (pi.) annales ; fasti. 
ANNATES. s. Reditus primi anni ex episcopalibus va- 

Talus ; malleolus. 

5. Scriptor, or conditor, fastorum, or 


cuis ; usually, arnatae ; or we may say, annatae quae 
dicuntur ; or, primitia?. 

To ANNEAL, v. n. Urendo, or inurendo, colorare, tin- 
gere, coloiem inducere. 

To ANNEX, v. a. Addere ; adjicere ; subjicere ; ad- 
jungere ; apponerc. 

ANNEXATION, s. Adjunctio ; additio; adjectio. Also 
by the verbs, as, nomine addendo, &c. 

ANNEXMENT. s. I. The act of annexing. See ANNEX- 
ATION. II. The thing annexed ; appendix; aildita- 

To ANNIHILATE, v. a. I. To reduce to nothing; ad 
nihilum redigere ; delere ; exstinguere ; evertere ; sub- 
vertere; tollere. II. To destroy ; delere; abolere ; 
exstinguere; exstirpare ; tollere. III. To annul; 
abrogare ; antiquare ; rescindere ; abolere ; tollere. 

ANNIHILATION, s. Exstinctio ; deletio ; eversio ; sub- 

ANNIVERSARY, s. Festum annuum Anniversary of 
one's birth ; dies natalis. 

ANNIVERSARY, a. Annuus ; anniversarius ; solennis. 

ANNOTATION, s. Nota ; commentarius ; or, coinmenta- 

ANNOTATOR. s. Annotator, Plin. 

To ANNOUNCE, v. a. Annuntiare ; nuntiare ; significare ; 
indicare ; denuntiare. 

To ANNOY, v. a. Esse molestum ; esse molestiae ; 
molestiam afferre ; indignationem movere; stomachum 
movere ; ineommodan; , laedere ; offendere lam an- 
noyed at a thing ; res est mini molestiae, &c . ; or, aegre 
fero rem ; moleste fero rem ; indignor. 

ANNOYANCE, s. I. The act of annoying ; laesio ; 
offensio ; molestia. II. That which annoys ; moles- 
tia ; res molesta ; incommodum To suffer annoyance ; 
inolestiis conflictari ; in molestiis esse, or versari ; in 
rebus molestis versari ; affici molestiis. 

ANNUAL, a. I. Tiiat comes every year ; annuus ; an- 
niversarius ; solennis, Cic. II. That lasts only a 
year ; annuus, Cic. 

ANNUALLY, ad. Quotannis; singulis annis ; anno 

ANNUITY, s. Pecunia annua; stipendium annuum ; 
reditus ad vitam totam sustentandam constituti ; vectigalia 
N i t;e sustentandae ad mortem usque destinata ; vectigalia 
ad finem usque vitae. 

To ANNUL, v. a. I. To make void ; abrogare ; anti- 
quare ; rescindere ; abolere ; tollere. II. To reduce to 
nothing ; ad nihilum redigere ; delere ; exstinguere ; 
evertere ; subvertere ; tollere, Cic. 

ANNULAR, a. Annuli formam habens ; or, orbicularis, 

ANNULET. *. i. e. A little ring ; annellus, Plaut. ; Hor. 

ANODYNE, a. Leniens dolorem ; anodynus, Cels. 

ANODYNE, s. Levamen; lenimen. (In medicine) ; me- 
dicamentum anodynum, or leniens dolorem. 

To ANOINT, v. a. Ungere ; iuungere : linere ; oblinere ; 
allinere ; illinere ; illinire. 

ANOMALOUS, a. Abnormis ; enormis ; inconveniens 
(non conveniens, non consentaneus, non congruens) re- 
gulae, or regulis, praecepto, or praeceptis. 

ANOMALY, s. Enormitas. 

ANON, ad, I. Quickly, soon ; statim ; illico ; con- 
festim ; extemplo ; e vestigio ; continue. II. Now and 
then ; interdum ; nonnunquam. 

ANONYMOUS, a. Sine, or carens, nomine. 

ANOTHER, a. I. Not the same; alius ; non idem. 
II. One more, any other ; alter ; e. g. unus (alter) al- 
terum odit. If the reference be to more than two, or to 
two indefinite persons or things, then it is to be rendered 
by alius ; e. g. alius alium odit. III. Not one's self ; 
alius. IV. Widely different; alius; diversus. V. 
One after another; invicern ; alternis vicibus. One with 
another; promiscue. At another time or place ; alias. 
To another place ; aliorsum, or aliorsus. Another 
man's ; alienus. Another way ; aliorsum ; alio modo. 

To ANSWER, v. n. I. To speak in return to a ques- 
tion ; respondere ; responsum dare, or reddere To 
write in return to a question ; rescribere ; respondere 
perliteras, or simply, respondere. N. B. To whom f is 
expressed by the dative ; e. g. respondere alicui. To 
what? by ad, or a dative: e.g. respondere criminibus, 
or ad crimina ; also, epistolae, or ad epistolam. But if 
there be already a dative of the person, a second dative 
must not be used, but ad ; e. g. respondere alicui ad qune- 
I; i r a. or ad epistolam, or epistolae alicujus. II. Tospeak 
in opposition ; obloqui; contradicere. III. To be ac- 
c:>Kn!ablcfor ; spondere ; fidejubere ^ praestare. To or 
for a thing or person ; praestare rem, or de re ; aliquein, 
or de aliquo homine. Spondeo and prtesto are found also 
with an accusative and infinitive ; e. g. praestiti (spopondi) 
virum esse soluturum. Pro aliquo prasdem (or vadem) se 
sistere. IV. To vindicate; d^fendere verbis (or, where 
thn word mav be understood, without verbis) ; excusare ; 
purgare. V. To correspond to, suit with ; respondere ; 
convenire ; congruere ; esseconsentaneum, &c. VI. To 
stand as opposite or correlative. ; referri ad aliquid (ad 
aliquem) ; or, conjunctum esse relatione cum aliquo. 


VII. To comply with; obedire ; obtemperare ; parerft. 
V III. To succeed, produce the desired event ; cedere ; 
procedere ; succedere ; also, provenire. To answer 
again (impudtntly) ; obloqui ; proterve respondere ; 
(railingly) regerere convicium in aliquem. IX. To 
appear to any call or summons ; apparere ; comparere ; 
conspici; adesse ; prsesto esse ; se sistere. X. As an 
echo; resonate. 

ANSWER, s. I. That which is said in return to a 
question ; responsio ; responsum To give an answer; 
responsum dare, or reddere ; respondere. To receive an 
answer ; responsum ferre, or auferre. The answer to 
this is ; ad hfc respondetur, or respondeo. II. A con- 
futation of a charge ; contradictio ; repugnatio. 

ANSWERABLE, a. I. To which a reply may be made; 
cui, or ad quod, respond! licet. II. Obliged to give an 

account; cui res est praestanda, or defendenda. You 

are answerable; tu debes rem praestare (defendere) ; tibi 
est res praestanda (defendenda). III. Correspondent; 
pertinens ad rem. IV. Suitable; consentaneus ; ap- 
tus ; conveniens ; accommodatus ; congruens ; congruus. 

ANT. s. Formica. 

ANT-BEAR, s. Ant-eater; ursus formicis vescens ; 
Myrmecophaga, Linn. 

ANT-HILL, s. Acervus formicinus ; acervus formicas 

ANTAGONIST, s. Adversarius ; inimicus ; hostis. 

ANTALGIC. a. Leniens dolorem. 

ANTECEDENT, a. Qui antecedit, anteit, praecedit, 
praeit, prasgreditur ; prrevius ; antecedens. 

ANTECEDENTLY, ad. Ante ; in antecessum ; antea ; 

ANTEPAST. s. Praesensio. To give an antepast ; im- 
buere aliquein prassensione rei. To enjoy an antijast ; 
frui, or uti, praesensione rei ; praesentire rem. 

ANTHEM. 5. Carmen ecclesiasticum. 

ANTHONY'S FIRE. s. Erysipelas ; ignis sacer. 

ANTIC, a. Jocularis ; ridi-ulus ; ludicer. 

ANTICHAMBER. s. Procceton, Plin. J. ; atrium, or 
cubiculurc admissorium. 

To ANTICIPATE, v. a. I. To take sooner or before 
the time ; anticapere ; antecapere ; praacipere ; ante tern- 
pus auferre, or accipere. II. To foretaste ; praesentire 
rem ; frui, or uti, praesensione rei. III. To preclude; 
praevenire ; praevertere ; antevertere ; antevenire. 

ANTICS, s. pi. Nugas ; ineptiae ; gestus ridiculi. 

ANTIDOTE, s. Antidptum ; yeneni remedium ; alexi- 
pharmacon, Plin. : antidotus, i, f., Cell. 

ANTIMONY, s. Stibi ; stibium ; stimmi (with the an- 
cients) ; antimonium (with the moderns). 

ANTIPATHY, s. I. (Between things) ; adversans et 
repugnans natura, Cic. ; repugnantia, Plin Things 
which have an antipathy to each other ; quae inter se dis- 
sident ; quibus sunt bella quaedam, Plin. II. (Between 
persons); animorum disjunctio, Cic. III. (Between 
animals) ; bellum ; e. g. naturale bellum est milvo cum 
corvo, Cic. 

ANTIQUARY, ANTIQUARIAN, s. Studiosus (peritus) 
rerum antiquarum, or antiquitatis. Antiquarius occurs, 
Suet. Aug. 86. Cicero says, antiquitatis diligentissimus 
investigator. Gellius has, antiquitatis multaa peritus. 

ANTIQUE, a. I. Ancient ; vetus ; antiquus ; priscus ; 
vetustus ; Cic. II. Of old fashion; vetus; antiquus; 

ANTIQUE, s. Opus antiquum, or priscum ; opus ex 
antiquitate reliquum. 

ANTIQUITY, s. I. Old times; antiquitas ; tempora 
antiqua, or prisca. II. The ancients ; veteres ; antiqui ; 
prisci ; antiquitas. III. Remain of old times ; opus 
antiquum, or priscum ; opus ex antiquitate reliquum 
To study antiquities ; in antiquis artium monumentis 
curiosius immorari. 

ANTITHESIS, s. Antitheton, Cic. ; antithesis, Quint. 
To make antitheses ; antitheta librare, Pers. 

ANTLER, s. Ramus. (If taken for the whole horn) 
cornu cervinum, or cervi. 

ANVIL, s. Incus, udis. 

ANXIETY, s. I. Solicitude ; pavor ; angor ; trepida- 
tio. II. Lowness of spirits; demissio animi ; animus 
abjectus, or demissus. 

ANXIOUS, a. I. Solicitous ; plenus pavoris ; pavi- 
dus ; pavens ; trepidus ; anxius ; solicitus. II. Full of 
inquietude; afih'ctus ; demissus; abjectus. 

ANXIOUSLY, ad. Anxie ; pavide ; animo demisso, ab- 
jecto, or ;ilHicto ; abjecte ; demisse. 

ANY. a. I. Whoever, whatever; aliquis ; quispiam ; 
quilibet ; quisquam ; quis. If any one believes ; si ali- 
quis, or si quis, credit Does any one believe ? num quis 

credit ? ecquis credit ? / have not any one to send ; 
nen habeo quern mittam. II. (Used in opposition to 
none); ullus ; aliquis ; quis; e.g. Any good; ^liquid 
boni Is any one her ef num quisadest? Nonnihil 
is sometimes used for aliquid. III. Any further; 
ulterius ; amplius. A^.y longer ; diutius. Any how ; 
quoquo modo. Am/ where ; usquam ; alicubi ; ubivis ; 
ubilibet ; uspiam. 'Any whither ; qtiopiam ; uspiam. 
At any time ; unquam ; quandocunque. 



APACE, ad. Celeriter ; cito ; velociter ; propere. To 
go apace ; lestinare ; properare. 

APART, ad. I. Separately ; seorsum (not seorsim) ; 
separatirn. This adverb is often expressed by the use of 
a verb compounded with se, or di, dis : e. g. sedncere ; 
seponere ; sevocare ; divellere ; discindere. II. At a 
distance ; longe ; procul. 

APARTMENT, s. Conclave ; diseta ; cubiculum ; tha- 

APATHY. *. Inopia sensus ; torpor ; stupor. 

APE. s. I. A kind of monkeys simia; simius. 
II. An imitators simia. 

To APE. v. a. Affectari ; putide aemulari. 

APERIENT, a. (Medicine) ; medicamentum purgati- 
vum ; depurgativum ; depurgatorium. 

APERTURE, s. Apertura ; hiatus. If equivalent to 
Mouth ; os ; also, orificium, Macrob. and Apul. If the 
same as Cleft or chink; rima. If the same as Air or vent- 
hole; spiraculum. 

APHORISM. 5. Sententia preeceptiva ; dogma prascep- 
tivum ; placitum ; dogma ; sententia. 

APIARY, s. Apiarium ; alvearium. 

APIECE, ad. Singuli. This must often be expressed 
by the distributive numerals ; e. g. dedi iis binos libros, 
i. e. Two books apiece. 

APISH, a. I. Imitative; qui temere imitatur, or 
sequitur. II, Silly, affected; affectatus ; putidus ; in- 

APITPAT. ad. My heart goes apitpat ; cormeumtre- 

APOLOGETIC, -CAL. a. Defensionem continens ; or, ad 
defensionem pertinens. (Apologeticus, Tertull.) 

APOLOGIST, s. Defensor ; tutor ; patronus. 

APOLOGISE, v. n. Defendere ; defensare ; tueri; tu- 
tari ; also, propugnare pro homine, or re. 

APOLOGUE, s. Fabula; fabella; apologus ; carmen 
praecepta continens ; carmen praeceptivum. 

APOLOGY, s. Defeusio ; purgatio ; apologia, (Apu- 

APOPHTHEGM, s. Sententia scita ; or, simply, sententia ; 
dictum ; apophthegma. 

APOPLECTICAL, APOPLECTIC, a. Apoplecticus ; apo- 
plexia correptus, or affectus. 

APOPLEXY. 5. Apoplexia To be seized with apo- 
plexy ,- apoplexia corripi, or affici. 

APOSTASY, s. Defectio. 

APOSTATE, s. Defector ; qui defecit ; e. g. Julian the 
Apostate; Julianus qui defecerat (desciverat) a Chris- 
tianis sacris ; or, qui Christiana sacra reliquerat. Apos- 
tata was sometimes used. 

To APOSTATISE, v. n. Deficere, desciscere a. 

APOSTEME, APOSTHUME. s. Ukus ; also, apostema ; ab- 
scessus. An aposteme forms; ulcus fit, oritur, con- 

APOSTLE, s. Apostolus The Acts of the Apostles ; 
Acta Apostolorum ; or, res gestaa Apostolorum. 

APOSTLESHIP. s. Provincia (munus) apostoli ; munus 
apostolicum ; or, apostolatus (as consulatus). 

APOSTOLICAL, APOSTOLIC, a. Apostolicus ; or, apos- 
tolo (apostolis) dignus, conveniens, when the word is 
used in this sense. 

APOSTROPHE, s. Appellatio ; allocutio ; alloquium ; 
sermonis ad aliquem conversio. 

To APOSTROPHISE, v. a. Appellare ; alloqui ; affari ; 
sermonem ad aliquem convertere. 

APOTHECARY, s. Pharmacopeia The art of an apo- 
thecary ; ars pharmaceutica Apothecaries' weight ; 
pondus pharmaceuticum. 

To APPAL, v. a. Terrere ; perterrere ; perterrefacere ; 
exterrere ; territare ; terrorem alicui incutere (inficere). 

APPARATUS, s. Apparatus ; apparatio ; copia. 

APPAREL, s. Vestitus ; vestimentum ; habitus. In 
mourning apparel; pullatus ; pullo vestito indutus ; lu- 
gubri habitu vestitus. 

To APPAREL, v. n. Induere alicui vestem, or aliquem 
veste ; vestire aliquem. 

APPARENT, a. I. Plain, indubitable; certus ; ex- 
ploratus ; baud dubius ; evidens ; manifestus. II. Seem- 
ing; speeiosus ; simulatus. III. Visible; aspecta- 
bilis ; conspicuus ; oculis (visui) expositus ; visui (oculis) 
patens ; visibilis. An heir apparent; cui jus est proxi- 
mum ad haereditatem To make apparent ; patefacere ; 
demonstrare ; ostendere. 

APPARENTLY, ad. I. Evidently ; evidenter ; mani- 
festo ; aperte. II. Openly ; ape'rte. 

APPARITION, s. I. Appearance; visum ; species. 
II. A spectre; spectrum ; larva ; visum; phantasma; 
portentum ; ostentum. 

APPARITOR, s. Apparitor ; viator. 

To APPEAL, v. n. Provocare ad aliquem ; appellare 
aliquem (in Cicero). (In later times) appellare ad ali- 

APPEAL, s. Provpcatio ad aliquem ; appellatio, with 
a genitive ; e. g. regis, to the king. 

To APPEAR, v . n. I. To be visible ; apparere ; con- 
spici ; esse adspectabilem ; esse conspicuum ; esse expo- 
situm oculis (visui). II. To become visible; in con- 

spectum venire. III. To exhibit one's self before a 
judge or a court ; apparere ; comparere ; conspici ; 
adesse ; praesto esse ; se sistere. Or, if the case be so, 
vadimomum obire ; ad vadimonium venire, or occurrere. 
IV. To become clear by evidence ; clarum, or mani- 
festum, fieri ; patere; apparere It appears; ccnstat ; 
liquet ; patet ; videtur. V. To seem (in opposition 
to reality) ; videri. VI. To be plain, or indubitable ; 
apparere ; patere ; esse apertum, or manifestum. 

APPEARANCE, s. I. The act of coming into sight ; 
adventus ; prassentia. Also by the ablative absolute ; e. g. 
Luna visa (conspecta) ; On the appearance of. According 
to appearance; specie ; in speciem ; per speciem At first 
appearance ; prima specie. To have the appearance of 
a thing; habere speciem rei To assume the appearance 
of; speciem induere. II. The thing seen ; visum ; 
species. III. Semblance (not reality) ; vana species. 
IV. Outside, show; species; forma. V. Appari- 
tion; spectrum ; larva ; visum ; phantasma ; portentum ; 
ostentum. VI. Exhibition of the person to a court ; 
apparitio. To make one's appearance ; se sistere, &c. 
See To APPEAR, III. VII. Presence, mien; species; 
forma; vultus; facies. VIII. Probability, likelihood; 
verisimilitudo ; probabilitas, Cic. 

To APPEASE, v. a. Placare ; lenire ; tranquillare ; 
tranquillum reddere ; compescere : comprimere ; sedare ; 
pacare ; mulcere. To appease one's wrath ; iram alicu- 
jus coercere, placare, or sedare To appease by sacrifice; 
expiare ; litare ; placare ; propitiare ; propitium reddere, 
or etficere. To be appeased ; placari ; mitescere ; de- 
saevire ; demitigari. 

APPELLANT, s. Provocans; appellans. 

APPELLATE. *. Is, contra quern provocatum est ad 
judicem superiorem ; (usually rendered appellatus). 

APPELLEE, s. Reus; accusatus. 

To APPEND, v. a. I. To hang any thing upon 
another; pendere ad. Appendere seems not to occur in 
this sense. We may say, suspendendo adjungere, or sim- 
ply, suspendere ; e. g. arbori, or in arbore ; also, facere, 
ut pendeat a re. II. To add to something as accessory; 
addere ; adjicere ; subjicere ; subjungere. 

APPENDAGE, APPENDIX, s. Appendix ; additamen- 
tum. A small or trifling appendage ; appendicula. 

To APPERTAIN, v. n. \. To belong to as of right ; 
esse proprium alicujus ; esse alicujus. II. To belong 
to by nature ; conjunctum esse ; attingere ; pertinere; 
spectare ; attinere. III. It apperlaineth (as of expe- 
diency) ; interest ; refert. 

APPETENCY, s. Appetitus ; appetentia. With or with- 
out a genitive of the thing. 

APPETITE, s. I. Natural desire ; appetitus ; appe- 
tentia; desiderium ; cupiditas ; aviditas The appetites; 
(pi.) cupiditates ; appetitus Master of one's appetite ; 
potens cupiditatum ; moderatus, &c. To have an appe- 
tite after; appetere, cupere, desiderare aliquid; desi- 
derio alicujus rei teneri. II. Hunger; appetitus cibi, 
or edendi. To have an appetite ; cibi esse cupidum, or 
desiderio teneri ; cibum appetere. To have no appe- 
tite; cibi non esse cupidum ; also, fastidio cibi teneri. 
To ere ate an appetite $ appetitum cibi facere, creare, gig- 
nere. To satisfy the appetite ; appetitum sedare To 
destroy the appetite ; appetitum abigere, auferre ; or, fas- 
tidium creare. 

To APPLAUD, v. a. Laudare, collaudare aliquem ; 
afficere aliquem laude ; laudem tribuere ; plaudere ; ap- 
plaudere ; admurmurare ; aliquem plausu prosequi, or 
laudibus efferre. 

APPLAUSE, s. Laus : if expressed by clapping of hands, 
&c., plausus. 

APPLE, s. I. The fruit of the apple-tree; malum ; 
pomum Apple-core ; volva pomi ; involucrum grano- 
rum. Apple-tree ; malus (fern.) ; Pirus malus, Linn. 
Apple-woman ; negotiatrix pomaria (or pomorum). 

II. The pupil of the eye ; pupula ; pupilla ; also, acies. 
APPLICABLE, a. Quod applicari, accommodari, potest 

alicui rei. 

APPLICATION, s. I. The act of applying ; usus. It 
may often be rendered by the verbs impendo, utor, adhi- 
beo, colloco. II. The thing applied ; res adhibita. 

III. A petition; petitio ; preces. IV. Close study or 
attention ; industria ; assiduitas ; studium ; diligentia ; 

To APPLY, v. a. I. To lay one thing to another ,- 
applicare ; adjungere ; annectere. To apply one's atten- 
tion; se ad aliquid applicare, appellere ; rei alicui operam 
dare. II. To make use of; impendere rem, in rem, or 
rei ; adhibere rem, ad rem, or rei ; collocare rem in re ; 
uti re in re. III. To have recourse to ; se conferre ; 

se convertere ad aliquem To apply to any one as a 

petitioner ; adire aliquem. 

To APPLY, v. n. Convenire ; congruere. 

To APPOINT, v. a. I. To fix any thing ; constituere; 
destinare ; definire ; finire. II. To settle by compactor 
decree; e.g. to appoint a time; diem dicere. To 
appoint any one consul ; dicere aliquem consulem. By 
law; lege prasscribere, statuere, dicere. 

APPOINTMENT, s. I. Stipulation ; constitutio ; pac- 



tio ; condictio ; also by the verbs According to appoint- 
ment ; ut convenerat ; ut condictum erat ; ut compositum 
erat ; ex pacto ; composite; ex composite. II. Order, 
direction ; imperium ; jussum ; jussus ; praeceptum. 

III. Equipment, furniture; ornatus; apparatus: (if war- 
like) ; arma ; armatura ; ornatus militaris. IV. An al- 
lowance paid to any one ; stipendium ; or, merces. 

To APPORTION, v. n. Partiri ; dividere. 

APPOSITE, a. Aptus ; idoneus ; accommodatus ; con- 
yeniens ; congruus. 

To APPRAISE, v. a. JEstimare ; pretium imponere, or 

APPRAISER, s. ^Estimator (Sworn) ; jurejurando con- 


To APPRECIATE, v. a. ^Estimare. 

To APPREHEND, v. a. I. To lay hold on ; capere ; 

prehendere ; apprehendere ; comprehendere ; arripere. 

II. To seize in order for trial or punishment ; in 

custodiam dare ; comprehendere. III. To conceive by 

the mind; capere ; intelligere ; assequi ; perspicere. 

IV. To fear ; vereri ; timere , metuere, rem. If it be 
tollowed by ' that,' the Latin verbs take ne ; by ' that 
not,' the Latin has ne non, or ut : e. g. vereor, ne pater 
venturus sit; That my father will come : vereor ne non 
Bcribendo te expleam ; That I shall, Cic. We find also an 
accusative with an infinitive; e. g. after timeo, Liv. 10. 

APPREHENSION, s. I. The mere contemplation of 
things ; notio ; comprehensio rei ; intelligentia ; also, in- 
tellectus, Quint. II. Opinion, sentiment ; sententia ; 
existimatio; opinio. III. The faculty by which we 
conceive new ideas ; captus ; ingenium ; intelligentia 
Of quick apprehension; ingenii acris; acerrimus ; subtilis; 
sagax ; perspicax. IV. Fear; timor, metus, rei, or 
a re ; followed also by ne, that or lest ; ne non, or ut, 
that not. V. Suspicion; suspicio. 

APPRENTICE, s. Discipulus ; tiro. To be an appren- 
tice to any one ; esse in alicujus disciplina. 

To APPRENTICE, v. a. Tradere aliquem alicui in dis- 
ciplinam ; tradere aliquem in disciplinam alicujus ; tra- 
dere alicui aliquem erudiendum. 

APPRENTICESHIP, s. Tirocinium. 

To APPRIZE, v. a. Certiorem facere aliquem de re 
aliqua ; significare, nuntiare alicui. 

To APPROACH, v.n. I. To draw near; appropin- 
quare ; prope accedere ; propius accedere ; adire. s II. 
To have a natural affinity or resemblance ; similem esse ; 
prope accedere ad rem ; conjunctum esse cum. 

To APPROACH, v. a Prope apponere (alicui) ; ponere 
prope (aliquem). 

APPROACH, s. I. The act of drawing near ; appro- 
pinquatio ; also by the verb ; e. g. At the approach of 
death; appropinquante morte. II. Access ; aditus ; 
accessus. See ACCESS. 

APPROACHABLE, a. Qui adiri potest ; quern adire licet ; 
patens. (Tertullian says, accessibilis.) To be approach- 
able ; (of persons) ; adiri posse : (of places) ; patefacere ; 

APPROACHING, a. i.e. Near at hand; instans. 

APPROBATIONS. I. The act of approving ; assensio; 

assensus ; probatio rei ; approbatio ; comprobatio rei. 

II. The liking any thing; amor, studium, erga 

aliquid ; also, studium rei. III. Support; tuitio : de- 

fensio ; propugnatio. 

To APPROPRIATE, v. a. Tribuere ; assignare ; addi- 
cere ; sacrare ; dedicare ; consecrare. 

APPROPRIATE, a. Proprius ; conveniens ; accommo- 
datus ; idoneus ; consentaneus ; dignus ; aptus. 

APPROPRIATENESS, s. Convenientia. 

APPROPRIATION, s. Assignatio ; addictio ; sacratio ; 
dedicatio ; consecratio. 

APPROVAL, s. Assensio ; assensus ; probatio rei ; ap- 
probatio, comprobatio, rei. 

To APPROVE, v. a. I. To like, to be pleased with ; 
probare ; approbare ; comprobare ; amare ; amorem ha- 
bere erga aiiquid ; or, habere aliquid in amore. II. To 
express liking ; laudare ; laudem tribuere ; probare ; as- 
sentire. III. To make or show to be worthy of ap- 
probation ; probare ; ostendere ; demonstrare ; docere ; 
confirmare. Of approved integrity ; spectatae fidei, or 

To APPROXIMATE, v. n. Appropinquare ; prope acce- 
dere ; propius accedere. 

To APPROXIMATE, v. a. Prope apponere (alicui) ; po- 
nere prope (aliquem). 

APPROXIMATION, s. Appropinquatio. Also by the 

APRICOT, s. Praecoquum ; Malum Persicum. 

APRIL, s. Aprilis; or, mensis Aprilis. The first of 
April ; Calendae Aprilis To make an April fool of one; 
frustrari, or ludibrio habere ; ludificare Calendis Aprili- 
bus ; or, ablegare (mittere) aliquem aliquo frustra Calen- 
dis Aprilibus. 

APRON, s. Subligaculum ; subligare, or subligar ; prae- 
cinctorium ; ventrale, Plin. ; semicinctium. 

APT. a. I. Fit ; aptus ; conveniens ; accommodatus ; 
d-gnus ; idoneus ; consentaneus. II. Having a tenden- 

\ cy to ; pronus ; propensus ; proclivis ; inclinatus Not 

'. apt; non propensus, &c. ; alienus a re ; alienus re ; ab- 
horrens a re. III. Heady, quick ; paratus ; promptus. 

APTITUDE, s. I. Fitness; convenientia; aptum. 
II. Disposition to anything; indoles ; inclinatio ; pro- 
pensio To express an aptitude for any thing ; propen- 
sum esse ad rem ; inclinari ad rem. III. Readiness (J'or 
doing any thing) ; facultas. 

APTLY, ad. I. Fitly, pertinently ; convenienter ; 
apte ; congruenter ; digne. II. Readily, acutely; 
prompte ; acute ; sagaciter. 


AQUATIC, a. Aquosus ; aquaticus ; aquatilis. 

AQUEDUCT, s. Aquseductus. 

AQUEOUS, a. Aquosus. 

AQUILINE, a. Arcuatus ; aduncus. 

ARABLE, a. Arabilis, Plin. ; (ager) culture habilis, 
or idoneus. 

ARBITRARILY, ad. Libere ; voluntate ; ad arbitnum ; 
prout libet. 

ARBITRARY, a. Arbitrarius, Cell. ; liber ; voluntarius. 

To ARBITRATE, v. a. v. n. Decernere ; judicare ; di- 
judicare ; decidere rem, or de re ; controversiam decidere, 
or dirimere To commit an affair to arbitration ; rem 
arbitrorum judicio permittere ; arbitro (or arbitris) rem 
judicandam permittere. 

ARBITRATION, s. Arbitrium ; dijudicatio : or by a 
verb ; re judicanda (dijudicanda, decernenda). 

ARBITRATOR, s. Arbiter. 

ARBOUR. 5. Umbraculum ; casa frondea. 

ARCADE, s. Ambulatio arcuata ; and perhaps, xystus. 

ARCH. s. Camera (camara) ; fornix , testudo-; arcus. 

ARCH. a. Vafer ; subtilis ; callidus ; astutus. 

To ARCH. v. a. Camerare ; concamerare ; fornicare ; 
instruere rem fornice (or camera) An arched roof; 
camera fornicata. 

ARCHANGEL, s. Archangelus, Tertull. ; or Angelus 

ARCHBISHOP, s. Archiepiscopus. 

ARCHDEACON, s. Archidiaconus. 

ARCHER, s. Sagittarius. 

ARCHERY, s. Sagittarum emissio. 

ARCHETYPE, s. Exemplum ; exemplar. 

ARCHITECT, s. Architectus ; architecton. 

ARCHITECTURE, s. Architecture ; architectonice, 

ARCHITRAVE, s. Epistylium. 

ARCHIVES, s. Tabularium. Keeper of the archives ; 
praafectus tabularii, or tabulario. 

ARCHWISE, ad. Arcuatim ; in modum arcus. 

ARCTIC, a. Arcticus, Hygin. Astron. ; borealis ; sep- 


ARDOUR, s. I. Heat ; sestus ; calor ; fervor ; ardor. 
II. Heal of affection ; studium : impetus animi ar' 
dor; cupiditas. 

ARDUOUS, a. I. Lofty, hard to climb ; pra>ceps 
prajruptus; arduus; celsus ; excelsus. II. Difficult* 
molestus ; gravis ; operosus ; laboriosus. 

AREA. s. Area ; planities ; superficies. 

ARGENT. Argenteus ; candidus. 

To ARGUE, v. n. I. To reason ; ratiocinari ; arsm- 
mentari; concludere ; colligere. II. To dispute 

disputare; certare ; dimicare; disceptare ; pugnare: 

To ARGUE, v. a. I. Toprove by argument ; probare ; 
ostendere ; demonstrare ; docere ; firmare ; confirmare ; 
arguere ; evincere. II. To charge with, as a crime ; 
accusare ; incusare, insimulare, aliquem rei ; criminari 
aliquem de re, or aliquem fecisse, &c. ; dare alicui aliquid 

ARGUMENT, s. I. A reason alleged ; argumentum ; 
causa ; ratio. II. The subject of a discourse or 
writing^; summa ; argumentum; epitome; or, res de 
qua agitur ; materia, or materies. III. Controversy ; 
contentio ; certamen ; controversia ; lis ; rixa. To 
hold an argument with one ; adversus aliquem dis- 
ceptare ; verbis contendere, disceptare, disputare. 

ARGUMENTATION, s. Controversia ; contentio ; cer- 
tamen ; disceptatio. 

ARGUMENTATIVE, a. I. Proving by argument; 
probans ; ostendens. II. Quarrelsome; pugnax ; 

contentiosus ; cupidus, or nimis cupidus, contentionis ; 
amans contentionis. 

ARID. a. Siccus ; aridus : torridus. 

ARIDITY. s. Siccitas ; ariditas. 

ARIGHT, ad. Recte ; vere. 

To ARISE, v. n. I. Tomount upwards ; sursum ferri ; 
emicare ; surgere. II. To get up as from sleep; lectum 
relinquere ; e lecto surgere : e lecto may be omitted when 
it is easily understood. III. To revive from death ; 
redire in vitam ; or, resurgere a morte. IV. To pro- 
ceed or have its original ; exsistere ; apparere ; exoriri ; 
nasci ; proficisci ; originem trahere ; provenire ; oriri ; 
oboriri. Virgil says, sententia surgit ; A thought arises. 

ARISTOCRACY. I. A certain form of government; 
optiniatum principatus ; penes optimates reipublicae ad- 


II. The persons of whom it is composed ; 


ARISTOCRATICAL. a. Ad optimates pertinens ; opti- 
matum partibus favens To be aristocratically inclined ; 
stare ab optimatum partibus ; optimatum viam tenere, 


Ratiocinator bonus ; versatus in 

libellus, arithmeticus. 

ARK. s. I. A chest; area; cista. 
navis ; navigium. 

arithmeticis, Cic. : calculator, Mart. 

ARITHMETIC, s. Ars numerandi, or supputandi ; arith- 
metica, orum, n. pi. ; arithraetica, ae, f., Sen.; arithme- 
tice, es, f., Plin. ^ treatise on Arithmetic; liber, or 

II. A ship; 

ARM. *. I. (Of the body); brachium : properly, the 
lower part of the arm is brachium; the upper part, 
lacertus. A little arm ; brachiolum. II. ( Of a tree); 
ramus ; brachium. III. (Of the sea) ; sinus ; fretum. 
(Of a river) ; brachium, Liv. ; cornu. IV. Fig. 
Power, might; potestas; vires; manus The temporal 
arm ; potestas civilis. The spiritual arm ; potestas 
ecclesiastica, ecclesise. V. Arm-chair ; sella cum 
brachiis ; sella brachiata To clasp in one's arms ; 
amlecti ; ulnis tenere. 

To ARM. 

To furnish with armour or 

weapons ; armare ; armis instruere ; tela suppeditare. 
Armed '._; jirmatus ; armis instructus, munitus, indu- 

up ; instruere ; armare. 

put on arms ; se armare ; se 

tus. II. To furnish,^ 
To ARM. v. n. I. I 

armis instruere ; arma induere. II. To arm one's self 
against. 1 . To beware of; cavere. 2. To prepare for ; 
se ad aliquid sugtinendum parare, or accingere. III. 
To take up arms ; bellum adornare, parare, apparare. 

ARMADA, s. Classis bellica ; classis. 

ARMADILLO. Armadillus ; or, Manis, Linn. 

ARMAMENT, s. Apparatus bellicus. 

ARM-HOLE, ARM-PIT. Ala ; axilla. 

ARMISTICE, s. Induciae To conclude an armistice ; 

facere inducias. 

ARMORY. Armamentarium ; cella, or locus, servandis 

ARMOUR. 5. Arma ; armatura ; cataphracta ; lorica ; 
thorax In armour ; loricatus ; thoracatus ; cata- 
phractus ; thorace (lorica) indutus. A coat of armour ; 

ARMS. *. I. Weapons (offensive and defensive) ; 

arma : (qffentive) tela. Bearing arms ; armiger. By 

force of arms ; vi et armis To take up arms ; arma 

capere, or sumere ; ad arma confugere ; bellum adornare, 
parare, apparare. To lay down arms ; arma ponere, 
deponere. To call to arms ; conclamare ad arma. 
II. A state of hostility; bellum; arma. 111. The 
ensigns armorial of a family ; insignia; or, if necessary, 
insignia gentilicia. 

ARMY. s. Exercitus ; copiaa ; milites. (On a march); 
agmen : (in battle array) ; acies : or, in either of these 

cases, exercitus,or copiae, may be used To lead an army ; 

agmen, or copias, ducere To march an army ; exer- 
citum ducere, or promovere To raise an army ; milites 
conscribere ; exercitum colligere, comparare, conficere, 

AROMATIC, a. Aromaticus. 

AROMATICALLY. a. Aromatice (seems not to occur) ; 
more aromatum ; in modum aromatum. 

AROMATICS. s. Aromata, pi. 

AROUND, ad. Circa ; circumcirca ; circum ; undique. 
The English word is often expressed by circum, in com- 

AROUND, prep. Circa ; circum. 

To AROUSE, v. a. I. To awake from sleep ; experge- 
facere ; excitare e somno ; suscitare e somno ; also simply, 
excitare, suscitare, when the idea is clear. II. To 
excite ; incitare ; excitare ; acuere ; suscitare. 

To ARRAIGN, v. a. I. To set in order ; ordinare ; dis- 
ponere ; constituere. II. To accuse ; nomen alicujus 
deferre ; in jus vocare ; accusare aliquem ; criminis reum 
agere, or postulare. 

ARRAIGNMENT, s. Accusatio ; delatio nominis ; actio. 

To ARRANGE, v. a. Ordinare ; disponere ; con- 
stituere ; in ordinem redigere. 

ARRANGEMENT, s. I. The act of putting in order; 
ordinatio ; dispositio ; digestio. II. The state of being 
put in order ; ordo ; series. 

ARRANT, a. May be expressed by summus, or the su- 
perlative degree : e. g. summus fur, summus impostor, &c.; 
nequissimus : or by dux ; e. g. dux furum ; or by tri, in 
composition ; e. g. trifur, trifurcifer, trivenefica, Plaut. 

ARRAS, s. Tapes ; tapete ; tapetum ; aulaaum. 

ARRAY, s. I. Dress; vestitus ; vestimentum ; habitus ; 
ordo ; dispositio. II. Order of battle ; acies To draw 
up in battle array ; aciem, exercitus, milites, instruere. 
To march in battle array ; ordine incedere, proficisci, 
or iter facere. 

To ARRAY, v. a. I. To put in order ; ordinare ; dis- c.^.^,.. U,^M ,,. e . .~j ,~ ~, - -. a 

ponere; constit'iere ; in ordinem redigere. II. To pueriliter. III. (In a reciprocal sense, following so, as, 
dress; induere vestem alicui, or aliquem veste ; vestire | orthelike);ut, uti, after ita, sic :e.g. vivit ita (sic) ut(uti) 
a'iquem. ego ; or, ut ego vivo, sic (ita) ille vivit. Quam after tarn 


ARREAR. s. Reliquum ; residuum. 
ARREST, s. I. The act of arrest ; comprehensio ; pre- 
hensio. II. The state of one who is arrested; custodia. 

To be under arrest; in custodia esse. 

To ARREST, v. a. I. To seize (as a bailiff) ; compre- 
hendere ; manum alicui, or in aliquem, injicere ; in custo- 

diam, carcerem, vine ula, dare, ducere, mittere (Asa 

plaintiff) ; dicam alicui impingere ; aliquem in jus vocare. 
II. To stop, withhold; inhibere; prohibere; cohibere. 

ARRIVAL, s. Adventus At my arrival, thy arrival; 
me, te, adveniente. At his arrival, he said; adveniens 
(cum advenisset) dicebat. 

To ARRIVE, v. n. I. To come to or reach ; advenire ; 
venire ; afferri ; advehi (of a ship) ; appelli ; appli- 
cari. II. To happen ; accidere ; evenire; contingere. 

ARROGANCY. s. Superbia; fastus; arrogantia. 

ARROGANT, a. Superbus ; inflatus ; arrogans. 

To ARROGATE, v. a. Sibi assumere, sumere, tribuere, 
arrogare, vindicare aliquid. 

ARROW, s. Sagitta; sometimes, telum, calamus. An 
arrow-head ; sagittaa ferramentum. 

ARSENAL, s. Armamentarium. 

ARSENIC, s. Arsenicum. 

ART. s. I. The power of doing something not taught 
by nature; ars ; artificium. The liberal arts; artes 
iugenuae, liberales, honestae. IL A trade to be learnt 
or practised according to rules of art ; ars ; artificium 
The mechanical arts ; artes sordida;, humiles, or vulgares. 

A Master of Arts ; Artium Magister ; magistri artium 
laurea donatus: To commence; gradum magistri in 
artibus capessere. III. (As distinguished from nature)^ 
manus : e. g. A place fortified both by nature and art ; 
locus et manu et natura munitus : or here, also, ars would 
suit. IV. Artfulness; calliditas ; versutia; astutia ; 
astus. V. An artful trick; dolus ; consilium ; or, ars ; 

ARTERY, s. Arteria. The great artery ; arteria 
magna. Aorta seems not to have been used by Latin 

ARTFUL, a. I. Performed with art ; artificialis ; 
arte effictus. II. Cunning, skilful; callidus ; astutus ; 

ARTFULNESS, s. Prudentia ; peritia. 

ARTICHOKE, s. Cinara (some write cynara) : and, per- 
haps, cactos, andscolymus: also, carduus sativus. The 
Linnaean name is Cynara Scolymus. The eatable part 
of this plant is called fundus esculentus, or caro, cinarae j 
the rest, caulis. 

ARTICLE, s. I. The part of speech so called; articulus ; 
or articulus, vulgo sic dictus ; or, articulus praepositivus i 
or vocula, quae praeponi solet nominjbus substantivis ad 
genera discernenda. II. A single clause; membrum ; 
pars; caput. III. Term, stipulation ; lex ; conditio; 
caput. Articulus is frequently used in this sense. 
Articles of war ; leges militares Articles of peace; 
leges, conditiones, pacis To enter into articles with any 
one; cum aliquo pacisci. IV. A point of time; exact 
time; punctum temporis ; articulus temporis, Plin. 

ARTICULATE, a. i. e. Distinct ; clarus ; liquidus; lim- 

To ARTICULATE, v. a. i. e. To form words distinctly ; 
clare efferre, pronuntiare, or eloqui verba ; also, expri- 

ARTICULATION. 5. I. The juncture qf bones ; artus ; 
articulus. II. The act of forming words; pronuntiatio ; 

ARTIFICE, s. Ars ; artificium. 

ARTIFICER, s. 1. An artist; artifex ; opifex ; effector ; 
fabricator; architectus. II. A contriver ; inventor; 
reporter ; also, auctor. 

ARTIFICIAL, a. I. Made by art; artificialis; arte 
effectus ; artificiosus ; affabre factus. II. Fictitious ; 
fictus ; commenticius. 

ARTILLERY. 5. Tormenta, pi.; res tprmentaria ; res 
ad tormenta pertinens. Artillery-carriage ; vehiculum 
tormentarium, or rei tormentariae serviens Artillery- 
man ; minister rei tormentariae (rei ad tormenta perti- 
nentis) Artillery-horse; equus tormentis vehendis; 
tormentarius perhaps does not occur. 

ARTISAN. Opifex ; effector ; fabricator ; architectus. 

ARTIST, s. Artifex ; opifex ; effector ; fabricator. 

ARTLESS, a. I. Without art ; expersartis; simplex. 
II Voidof fraud; apertus; ingenuus ; simplex. 

ARTLESSLY, ad. Sine arte. Ingenue ; caodide ; Cic. 

As. corij. I. In the same manner with something 
else ; quemadmodum ; sicut ; sicuti ; uti ; velut ; veluti ; 
tanquam. II. In the manner tf/at ; quemadmodum, 
~;c. ; also, instar ; in modum; modo (ablat.) ; ritu ; 
rsons or animals, more 

more ; (these two last us 
rarely of things without life) ; all with a genitive ; e. g. 
instar nivis ; instar (ritu, more) patris. Also, pro : e. g. 
pro cane habere : gerere se pro rege ; habere pro nihilo. 
The English particle may often be expressed by the use of 
a Latin adverb ; e. g. As a fool; stolide, stulte. As a boy ; 


(which is usually joined with an adjective or adverb 
e. if. turn doctus quam tu ; tarn pulchre quam tu. Ac, aft 
aeque ; par ; pariter ; similiter ; juxta ; item ; porindi 
e. g. aeque doctus ac tu ; asque pulchre ac tu ; no 
hand, or nihilo minus, quam. Or, As may be expresse 
by quam with a superlative adverb ; or by qui maximu 
quantus ; or by ut with a superlative. N.B. Be so good, 
to hear ; sis tarn benignus, ut audias. He was so foolish c 
to believe it ; erat tarn stultus, ut crederet. IV. Acco. 
ing to what , prout ; pro eo ac ; also,ut ; uti ; sicut ; s 
cuti ; velut ; quemadmodum ; perinde ut ; perinde atque 
proinde ; proinde ac ; e. g. pro eo acdebui ; prout deb 
ut debui. V. While, at the same time that ; ut ; ubi 
cum, or quum. N.B. Ubi and ut take the indicative 
Cum takes the conjunctive in the imperi'ectand plusquam 
perfect, but the indicative in other tenses . This may b 
rendered also by the use of a participle : e. g. As m 
father aicd, he said ; pater moriens dicebat. As my fath 
was dying they came ; pater moriente veniebant. Fo 
rules respecting this use of the participle, look under th 
word ' WHEN." VI. Because that ; propterea quod 
VII. As being ; ut ; quippe ; utpote : e. g. As one wh 
knew ; utqui, or quippe qui, sciebat. VIII. Answerin 
to Like, or same ; ac, or atque, after aeque, similis ; simili 
ter; par, &c. See III. N.B. Qui, quae, quod, is fre 
quently used after isdem, eadem, and that in the sam 
case ; unless, in the clause to which as belongs, ther 
be some verb which requires a different case ; e. g 
sumus iidem homines, qui vos (estis) ; legi eosden 
libros, quos tu (legis) ; utor iisdem hominibus, quibus t 
(uteris). IX. Going before ' as ' in a comparative sense 
ita ; sic ; followed by ut ; tarn, followed by quam. Both 
in Latin and English the former particle is frequentlj 
omitted. X. Answering to Such; frequently ex 

pressed by qui, quae, quod ; or qualis, e ; or by ut 
&c. XI. For example; ut ; or, verbi causa ; exempt 
gratia. XII. In this regard, in this respect ; qua. 
XIII. Howsoever; quantuscunque, or quantulus 
cunque. XIV. As if, as though; tanquam si; tan. 
quam ; quasi ; non secus ac si ; perinde ac si ; perindt 
quasi; ut si ; tanquam qui ; e. g. He speaks of the sub 
ject as though he. understood it; quasi (tanquam, tan- 

quam si) intelligat euro He laughs, as though he kaa 

heard of it ; ridet, quasi audiverit ; for in such a case 
the perfect conjunctive must follow the present. On tht 
other hand, He. laughed as though he knew it ; ridebat, quas 
rern sciret xs though he had heard of it; ridebat, quas 
rein audivisset. XV. As for, as to ; quod attinet ad ; 
de ; quatenus ; quantum ; quod ad ; ad As well as ; pari- 
ter ac ; aeque ac ; tam quam ; ut. As far as ; qua ; quan- 
tum ; usque ; usque ad ; usque eo As long as ; quam- 
diu ; tamdiu ; tantisper durn ; quoad; usque dum 
As much ; tantum. As many as ; quotquot ; totidem ; 
quodcunque. As often as; quotiescunque ; toties- 
quoties As soon as ; cum primum ; ubi; cum ; ut ; 

simul ac ; simul ut ; simul atque As yet ; adhuc 

Not yet; necdum. 

To ASCEND, v. n. Sursum ferri ; emicare ; surgere. 
To ASCEND, v. a. Ascendere ; escendere ; conscendere ; 

ASCENDANT, a. I. Height, elevation; altitude ; sub- 
limitas ; celsitudo ; altum ; summum. II. Superiority, 
influence; exccllentia; prastantia ; pracpositio, Cic. Fin.; 
prior locus ; potior locus; principals To be in the as- 
cendant, or to have the ascendancy ; principatum tenere ; 
excellere ; prastare ; potiorem '(priorem, superiorem) 
esse; also, antecedere ; praecedere ; superare ; vincere. 
_ ASCENSION, s. Ascensio ; conscensio ; motus in altum ; 
nisus in altum Ascension to heaven; ascensus, ascen- 
sio, or abitus in ccelum. 

ASCENSION-DAY, s. Festum (or dies festus) ascensionis 
Christi in ccelum. 

ASCENT, s. I. Rise, the act of rising ; motus in 
altum ; nisus in altum ; ascensus. II. The way by 
which one rises ; ascensus ; via sursum ferens. 

To ASCERTAIN, v. a. I. To make certain; aliquid 
confirmare, certum facere, stabilire. II. To fir; de- 
rinire ; finire ; constituere. III. To make confident ; 
firmare ; confirmare. 

ASCETIC, s. Solitarius ; vitam solitariam degens 
(vivens, agens) ; or, more particularly, eremita ; anacho- 
reta ; vitam solitariam in sylva dcgens (vivens, agens). 

To ASCRIBE, v. a. Ascribere; assignare ; inscribere ; 
trlbuere ; attribuere. 
ASH. s. Fraxinus. 

ASHAMED, a. Pudore affectus ; pudibundus ; pudefactus. 
To be ashamed ; jnulor.e. aJCtJLcj ; erubesccre. To make 
ashamed ; pudore aliquem aificere ; pudorem alicui 

ASII-COLOURED. a. Cineraceus ; cinereus ; cinericius ; 
or, coloris cineracei ; habens colorem cineraceum. 
ASHEN, a. Fraxineus. 

ASHES, s. Cinis ; also, favilla, of red-hot ashes. N.B. 
The ashes of the dead are always called cinis. To 
reduce to ashes ; in cinerem vertere, or dare. To be 
burnt or reduced to ashes ; in cinerem vcrti, or dclabi. 


ASH- WEDNESDAY. s. Dies cinerum. 

ASHOUE. a. I. On shore ; in litore ; in ripa ; in tellure. 

II. To the shore ; ad litus ; ad ripam ; in terram. 

ASIDE, ad. Seorsum (not seorsim) ; separatim. The 
English word is often expressed in Latin by se, or re, 
in composition. 

To ASK. v. a. I. To petition ; petere rem ab aliquo ; 

rogare, or orare, aliquem aliquid ; or with ut, that To 

ask earnestly ; flagitare ; efflagitare ; exposcere ; etiara 
atque etiam rogare. II. To claim; repetere, re- 
poscere, exigere, flagitare, efflagitare, rem ab aliquo, 
or aliquem aliquid. III. To inquire; inter rogare 
aliquem ; quaarere ex aliquo ; rogare, interrogare, 
quaerere, aliquid. IV. To require, as needful; 
poscere ; postulare ; desiderare ; requirere. Also by 
opus esse ; e. g, ad hanc rem opus est magna arte. 

oblique ; ex transverse. 

ASKEW, a. Limus ; obliquus. To look askaunce or 
askew ; limis, or obliquis, oculis aliquem intueri. 

ASLANT, ad. Oblique ; per declive. 

ASLEEP, a. Dormiens ; sopitus ; somno oppressus 

To fall asleep ; dormitare. To be asleep ; dormire. 
To be fast asleep ; alte dormire. To lull asleep ; con- 
sopere ; soporare ; somnum alicui afferre, inducere. 

ASLOPE, ad. Oblique ; in obliqumn. 

ASP, ASPIC, s. Aspis. 

ASPECT, s. I. Look, appearance ; vultus ; fades j 
species ; forma. II. Glance, act of beholding; as- 
pectus. III. Relation; respectus. IV. Disposition 
of a planet to other planets ; siderum positus ; sideratio. 

ASPEN, s. Populus tremula, Linn. ; or, Populus 
Lybica, Plin. H. N. 

ASPEN, a. Populeus ; populneus. 

ASPERITY, s. Asperitas. 

To ASPERSE, v. a. I. To besprinkle; spargere, 

spergere, conspergere, aliquem, or aliquid, aliqua re. 

II. To calumniate ; falso criminari ; detrahere de 

licujus fama ; sermonibus falsis laedere famam alicujus ; 

also, obtrectari alicui. / am aspersed; fama mea 

asditur sermonibus falsis ; detrahitur de raea fama ; 

)btrectatur mihi. 

ASPERSION, s. I. Sprinklings sparsio ; aspersjo ; 
onspersio. Also by the verbs. II. Calumny ; cri- 
ninatio falsa ; obtrectatio. Also by the verbs. 

ASPIRATE, s. Spiritus asper. 

To ASPIRATE, v. n. Aspirare; Quint.; Cell. 

ASPIRATION, s. I. An ardent wish ; desiclerium; 
tudium. II. Pronunciation of a vowel wiih full 
reath ; aspiratio ; Cic. ; Quint. 

To ASPIRE TO or AFTER, v.n. Appetere rem; affec- 
are rem ; studere rei ; ambire rem. 

Ass. s. I. An animal of burden ; asinus ; asellus 

4 she-ass; asina; asella The foal of an ass ; pullus 
sininus.- A little ass ; &sel\us.Awild ass; onager. 
I. A dolt, stupid fellow ; asinus ; stultus ; fatuus ; in- 

To ASSAIL, v. a. Invadere; imptignare; petere ; ag- 
redi ; adoriri ; oppugnare ; incurrere in ; impetum fa- 
ere in. 

ASSAILANT, s. Aggressor, Pandect. ; or, aggredicns 

ASSASSIN, s. Sicarius. 

To ASSASSINATE, v. More sicarii csedere; ex in- 
diis percutere, interficere. 

ASSASSINATION, s. Caedes fraudulenta ; cffides furtiva, 
r ex insidiis. 

ASSAULT, s. I. Storm; oppugnatio ; impetus 
J o take by assault; vi capere; expugnare. II. Vio- 
nce ; vis; violentia. III. Attack; aggressio ; in- 
ursus ; impugnatio ; oppugnatio ; petitio ; impetus. 
To ASSAULT, v.a. (A person) ; invadere; impugnare; 
etere ; aggredi ; adoriri ; incurrere in ; impetum facere 
. (A place) ; oppupnare ; invadere ; aggredi ; adoriri. 
ASSAY, s. 1. Examination ; spectatio : exploratio ; 
obatio; examen ; examinatio. II. First entrance 
pan any thing ; periculum ; experientia ; experimen- 
m ; tentamen ; tentamentum. 

To ASSAY, v. a. I. To make trial of; spectare ; 
:plorare; probare ; examinare. II. To try, endea- 
ur ; tentare ; experiri ; periclitari ; periculum facere ; 
gredi ; rem tractare. 

ASSAYER. s. Spectator (or explorator) nummorum 
r monetae) ; spectator nummarius. 
AsstMBLAGE. s. Collectus ; collectio (of things) : con- 
ntus ; conventio ; congressus ; congressio (of persons). 
To ASSEMBLE, v. a. Convocare ; congregare ; cogere ; 
nducere. To assemble the senate ; senatum cogere, 

To ASSEMBLE, v. n. Se congregare ; congregari ; con- 
nire; coire. 

ASSEMBLY, s. Ccetus ; conventus ; conventio ; congres- 
s ; congressio To hold an assembly ; conventus agere, 

celebrare To dismiss an assembly; ccetum dimittere, 




ASSENT, s. Assensus; assensio. To gain assent; as- 
sensum ferre (auferre) To give assent, i. e. to assent; 
Cicero has the phrase, adjungere assessionem animi ad 
rem, Cic. Acad. 

To ASSENT, v. n. Assentire, or assentiri, alicui ; con- 
sentire cum aliquo ; also, comprohare,.or probare,when it 
is the same as ' to approve ;' annuere, when it means ' to 
give one's assent to.' 

ASSENTATION, s. Assentatio. 

To ASSERT, v. a. I. To maintain, defend; defen- 
dere; defensare ; tueri ; tutari ; also, propugnare; pro 
nomine, pro re, and rem; contra aliquem, ab aliquo. 
II. To affirm; tenere; affirmare; credere; putare ; 
contendere. III. To claim; vindicare ad se ; and 
simply, vindicare Fig.; aliquid vindicare sibi; or simply, 
vindicare: affectare, se dignum judicare. 

ASSERTION, s. I. The act of asserting ; tuitio; de- 
fensio ; propugnatio ; affirmatio. II. The position ad- 
vanced ; sententia ; enuntiatio ; enuntiatum. 

To ASSESS, v. a. ^Estimare ; censere ; also, taxare, 
Plin. H. N., and Sueton. ; alicui tributum, or stipendium, 
imperare, imponere, indicere At a high rate ; magno; 
magui. At a low rate ; parvo ; parvi. To be assessed; 
aestimare ; also, venire in aestimationem. 

ASSESSMENT, s. I. The act of assessing ; aestimatio. 
Or by the verb ; e. g. aestimandis mercibus ; census. 
II. The sum levied ; vectigal ; tributum. 

ASSESSOR, s. I. One who sits by the judges; assessor 
judicii. II. He that lays taxes ; aestimator ; censor. 
ASSETS, s. Bona relicta ; or simply, bona. 
To ASSEVER, ASSEVERATE, v. a. Confirmare, affir- 
mare, de re, or with an accusative and infinitive ; asse- 

ASSEVERATION, s. Affirmatio ; asseveratio. 
ASSIDUITY, s. Sedulitas ; gr.avitas ; assiduitas. 
ASSIDUOUS, a. Sedulus ; gnavus ; assiduus. 
ASSIDUOUSLY, ad. Sedulo ; gnaviter ; assidue j; assiduo 
To ASSIGN. 1. To mark out, appoint; definire 
finire ; constituere; dicere; destinare; indicere. II 
To appoint (a deputy) ; constituere ; nominare ; desig- 
nare. III. To make over (property); assignare alicu 
rem ; or, instruere aliquem plena potestate rei ; plenam 
potestatem rei dare alicui ; potestatem rei dare alici " 
negotium dare alicui : (money, in writing) ; pecuniam 
alicui perscribere. 

ASSIGNATION. I. An appointment to meet; defi- 
nitio ; constitutio : or by a verb ; e. g. loco, tempore, de 
finiendo (dicendo, constituendo, finiendo). II. f 

making over a thing to another ; assignatio ; or, tributio 
(datio) potestatis rei : (of money, in writing) ; perscriptio 

ASSIGNEE, s. Plena potestate instructus. 
To ASSIMILATE, v . a. Aliquid simile reddere ; assimi 
lare ; ad similitudinem rei formare. 

ASSIMILATION. *. Assimilatio. But, as the word seem 
not to occur in this sense, it may be well to make use o 
the Latin verb. 

To ASSIST, v. a. Alicui succurrere, or opem, auxi 
lium, ferre ; subvenire alicui ; suppetias ferre ; opitulari 
auxiliari ; esse auxilio, or adjumento (all with the dative) 
aliquem adjuvare, or juvare. Juvare and adjuvare govern 
the accusative, and therefore have the entire passive 
e. g. ego adjuvor, tu adjuvaris, &c To come to one' 
assistance ; venire auxilio (subsidio) ; suppetias venire 
To send assistance ; mittere auxilia, subsidia, or sup 
petias. To assist by one's presence ; adesse alicui. 

ASSISTANCE, s. Auxilium ; praesidium ; adjumentum 
subsidium ; adjutorium, Quint. ; Sen. ; Suet. : Macrobiu 
uses adjutus. us ; opis (only in the gen., ace., and ablat.) 
suppetiae (only in nom. and ace. ) To render assist 

ance ; see To ASSIST To seek assistance ; implorareali 

cujus auxilium ; petere ab aliquo auxilium. 

ASSISTANT. *. Adjutor ; auxiliator An assistant ir 
a school; hypodidascalus ; adjutor, Quint. 

ASSIZE. *. I. An assembly of knights or other sub 
ftantial men, with a justice, in a certain place, at a certair 
time; judicium; ad jus statis diebus dicendum conses 
sus ; comitia provincialia. To hold the assizes (as ; 
judge) ; jus pro tribunale dicere, or reddere ; juridicun 
do provincias obire. \I--A court of justice ; judicium 
curia judicialis ; locus judicii. III. Measure, rate 
praescriptum ; praeceptum. 

To ASSIZE, v. a. i.e. To fix the rate of any thing 
dicere ; constituere ; statuere. 

ASSIZER. s. May perhaps be rendered, magister nun 

dinarum ; magister rerum nundinalium. 

ASSOCIATE, s. Censors ; socius ; familiaris. 

To ASSOCIATE WITH. v. n. Sociare, consociare, con 

jungere, se cum aliquo ; comitari. 

ASSOCIATION, s. I. Union ; consociatio ; con 
junctio. II. Partnership; societas; consortio. 

To ASSORT, v. a. In genera discernere, or distri 

To ASSUAGE, v. a. Lenire ; mitigare ; mollire ; le 

To ASSUAGE, v.n. Seremittere; or simply, remittere 
minui ; mitigari. 

To ASSUME, v. a. I. To take; sumere; accipere. 
II. To arrogate; sibi assumere, sumere, tribuere, 
rrogare, aliquid. III. To suppose a thing without 
troof ; fingere ; ponere ; facere- 

ASSUMPTION, s. I. The act of taking ; acceptio ; 
umptio. II. The supposition of any thing without 
urther proof ; sumptio ; positio. This may be conve- 
liently rendered by the verbs : e. g. hac re ponenda ; hoc 
posito. III. The thing supposed; fictum ; positio; 
r use the verbs. 

ASSURANCE. *. I. Certain expectation ; certa spes ; 
xspectatio To create assurance ; spem alicui facere ; 
spem dare ; spem ostendere, or afferre ; excitare aliquem 
id spem; erigere ad spem / have not the least as- 
surance ; careo spe ; mihi nulla est spes ; nullam spem 
labeo ; nulla spes me tenet ; non spero ; despero. 
III. Freedom from doubt ; securitas ; confisio ; fiducia; 
fidentia; confidentia. IV. Want of modesty ; impu- 
dentia; inverecundia A man of great assurance j im- 
pudens ; homo perfrict frontis. V. Freedom from 
vicious shame; audacia ; fidentia; confidentia. VI. 
Ground of confidence; argumentum. VII. Insur- 
ance ; cautio de re ; e.g. de nave ; or, praestatio, securi- 
tas, de re. 

To ASSURE, v. a. I. To give confidence by a firm 
promise ; confirmare, affirmare, alicui, de re, or with ace. 
and infinit. II. To make confident; firmare ; confir- 
mare ; securum reddere To be assured ; audere ; non 
vereri. / assure you ; confirmo tibi. Be assured, 
or you may be assured of, &C. ; persuadeas tibi ; persua- 
sum habeas; sit tibi persuasum ; noli dubitare. III. 
To make secure ; cavere alicui de re ; e. g. de mercibus, 
de navi. IV. To affirm ; asserere ; asseverare ; affir- 

ASSURED, part. a. I. Certain, indubitable ; certus ; 
exploratus ; naud dubius. II. Confident ; fidens ; con- 
fidens ; impavidus; intrepidus ; fortis ; audax. III. 
Certain, not doubting ; certus ; haud dubius ; fidens ; 
confidens. IV. Immodest; inverecundus ; impudens ; 

ASSUREDLY, ad. Certo ; certe ; haud dubie. 

ASTERISK. . Asteriscus. 

ASTHMA. *. Angustia spiritus ; asthma. 

ASTHMATICAL, ASTHMATIC, a. Asthmaticus ; segre 
spiritum ducens ; homo (and often without homo) an- 
gusti spiritus ; angustia spiritus laborans. 

To ASTONISH, v. a. Perturbare ; confundere; percu- 
tere ; percellere ; stupefacere ; obstupefacere. 

ASTONISHMENT, s. Stupor ; perturbatio : or by a par- 
ticiple ; e. g. In astonishment ; perturbatus, &c Out of 
or through astonishment ; perturbatione motus ; or, per- 
turbatus, &c To my astonishment ; cum rata perturba- 
tione ; or, ad me perturbandum ; or, mirans ; admirans ; 
obstupescens ; me obstupescente, &c. To ttrike with as- 
tonishment; see To ASTONISH. To excite astonishment ; 
admirationem habere, movere, or inferre. 


ASTRAY, ad. Errabundus; errans. To go astray ; 
errare ; vagari. To lead astray ; a recta via abducere. 

ASTRIDE, ad. Cruribus (tibiis) varicis, or varicatis. 

To ASTRINGE. v. a. Contrahere ; alvum, or ventrem, 
astringere, or comprimere. 

ASTROLOGER. 5. Astrologus. 

ASTROLOGICAL, a. Astrologicus. 

ASTROLOGICALLY. ad. Astrologice ; e regulis astrolo- 
giae (astrologicis). 

ASTROLOGY, s. Astrologia. 

ASTRONOMER, s. Astronomus (and, with the ancients 

ASTRONOMICAL, a. Astronomicus ; regulis astronomiae 

ASTRONOMICALLY, ad. Astronomice ; regulis astrono- 
miae (astronomicis) convenienter ; e regulis astronomiae. 

ASTRONOMY, s. Astronomia (and, with the ancients, 

ASUNDER, ad. Usually expressed by the Latin verbs, 
especially those compounded with di, dis :, e. g. To burst 
asunder; rumpi; dirumpi. To bite asunder ; dentibus 

rumpere To saw asunder ; serra dividere To cleave 

asunder ; diffindere, &c. 

ASYLE, ASYLUM, s. Perfugium ; refugium ; recep- 

AT. prep. May commonly be expressed by ad. I. 
Denoting place ; ad, apud, in, &c. At the door ; ad, 

apud, juxta, fores, i. e. near At, before names of towns 

in the third declension or the plural number, is expressed 
by the ablative : e.g. At Athens, at Carthage; Athenis ; 
Carthagine Before names of towns in the first and 
second declensions, singular number, by the genitive: 
e. g. Lipsiae ; Londini. At my house ; apud me. At 
home; domi To strike or aim at any one ; petere ali- 
quem ; e. g. gladio To snatch at any thing; petere 

rem manibus ; apprehendere rem. At hand; praesto ; 
prope. II. Denoting time ; frequently expressed by in 
with an ablative, or by an ablative without in : e. g. At 
such a time; in tali tempore; or, tali tempore. It is 
commonly omitted when an adjective, pronoun, or parti- 


ciple is joined with the substantive This may be ex- 
pressed also by the use of verbs, participles, and adjec- 
tives: e.g. At fits arrival, he said; adveniens, dicebat. 

At his arrival, I heard ; cum adyenisset, audiebam At 

his death, he said; moriens, dicebat. At his death, I 
came ; moriente illo, &c To denote proximity of time, 
sub may often be used ; e. g. sub adventum, &c. At 
supper ; inter coenam ; or, in ccena ; or, ccenans. At 
night ; nocte ; noctu. At Easter; tempore Paschalis At 
this time ; hoc tempore ; nunc ; jam At that time ; tune ; 
turn ; eo, illo tempore. At the right time ; in tempore ; 

tempestive At a wrong time ; intempestive ; alieno 

tempore At times, i. e. sometimes ; nonnunquam ; in- 

terdum At another time; alio tempore; alias At 

the first ; principio ; initio At present ; in praesen- 
ti ; in preesentia At length, or at last; aliquando ; 
tandem; demum ; denique. III. Before a superlative 
adjective, implying in the state, commonly expressed by 
superlative adverbs, or by ad : e.g. At longest; diutis- 

sime At first ; primum ; primo. At last ; ultimum ; ad 

ultimum. At least, I.e. in the lowest degree; minime. 
At least, i. e. to say no more ; saltern ; certe ; vel. At 

all; omnino ; prorsus. At best; ut cum maxime At 

most; summum ; ad summum; plurimum ; ut pluri- 
mum. IV. Noting the occasion: e.g. He comes at 
call; vocatus adest. V. Noting an immediate conse- 
quence of; He swooned at the sight ; re conspecta. 
VI. At interest; fenore At once; simul ; una; se- 

ATHEISM, s. Atheismus ; negatio Dei. 

ATHEIST, s. Atheus ; Deum negans, or tollens , ne- 
gator Dei. Negator occurs in Prudentius. To be an 
atheist ; atheum esse ; Deum negare, or tollere. 

ATHEISTICAL, ATHEISTIC, a. Atheus ; Deum negans, 
or tollens. 

ATHIUST. a. Sitiens ; siticulosus. 

ATHLETIC, a. I. Belonging to wrestling; athleticus. 
II. Lusty, robust; robustus ; validus ; firmus ; 

ATHWART, prep. I. Across; transverse; oblique; 
ex transverse ; de transverso. II. Through ; per ; 
per transversum ; per mediam rem ; e. g. per medios 

ATHWART, ad. i.e. Wrong; male; prave ; perpe- 
ram ; vitiose ; non recte. 

ATLAS, s. I. A collection of maps ; volumen tabu- 
larum (some say, mapparum) geographicarurn. II. A 
rich kind of siilc ; pannus sericus, vulgo Atlas dictus. If, 
as some suppose, this word is derived from Attalicus, 
we may say, pannus Attalicus. 

ATMOSPHERE, s. Ae'r ; ccelum A dense atmo- 
sphere ; cffilum crassum ; ae'r crassus. A rare aimo- 
sphere ; ccelum tenue ; aer tenuis. See AIR. If we would 
express The whole atmosphere, we may say, ae'r circum- 
jectus : some moderns say, atmosphsera. 

ATOM. s. Atomus. 

ATOMICAL. a. Ad atomos pertinens. 

To ATONE, v.n. I. To agree; accord; congruere; 
convenire ; consentire ; alicui rei, or homini, or cum 
homine : (in opinion) ; consentire. II. To stand as 
an equivalent for something ; esse pro re, or in loco rei. 

To ATONE, v. a. i.e. To expiate; expiare ; piare ; 

ATONEMENT. 5. I. Agreement; consensus; con- 
sensio ; concordia. II. Expiation; expiatio. III. 
An atoning sacrifice ; sacrificium piaculare ; piaculum. 

ATROCIOUS, a. Horribilis ; atrox ; fcedus ; vitiosus ; 
scelerosus ; consceleratus ; scelestus. 

ATROCITY, ATROCIOUSNESS. s. Foeditas ; atrocitas ; 

To ATTACH, v. a. I. To seize ; prehendere ; com- 
prehendere ; arripere. II. To win, gain over ; ad se 
trahere ; ad se sequendum impellere ; conciliare sibi. 

ATTACHMENT. *. i.e. Regard, esteem; observantia; 
cultus ; and* perhaps, veneratio. 

To ATTACK, v.a. Invadere ; impugnare ; petere ; 
aggredi ; adoriri ; oppugnare ; incurrere in ; impetum 
facere in. 

ATTACK, s. Aggressio ; incursus ; Impugnatio ; op- 
pugnatio ; petitio ; impetus. 

To ATTAIN, v. a. Acquirere ; -comparare ; assequi ; 
consequi ; adipisci ; potiri ; perveniro (ad). 

ATTAINABLE, a. Assequendus ; capax adeptionis : or 
by a circumlocution ; e. g. This is attainable by few 
persons ; hoc pauci adipisci (assequi) possunt. 

ATTAINDER, s. I. The act of attaint ing in law ; con- 
victio, Augustin. : or by the verb convincere. II 
Disgrace; ignominia; dedecus ; probrum. 

ATTAINMENT, s. I. The act of attaining ; adeptio ; 
impetratio ; (consecutio, Tertull.). II. That which is 
attained ; res adepta. 

To ATTAINT, v. a. I. (In law) ; convincere ; e. g 
furti. II. fo corrupt; corrumpcre; perdere ; de- 

To ATTEMPER, v. a. Tenuare ; diluere ; miscere 

To ATTEMPT, v.a. I. To try; tentare ; experiri 


periculum facere ; aggredi ; rem tractare. II. To 
attack ; invadere ; petere ; aggredi ; adoriri. 

ATTEMPT, s. 1. An essay, endeavour; periculum; 
experientia ; experimentum ; tentamen ; tentamentum. 

II. An attack; aggressio; incursus; impetus. 
To ATTEND, v. a. I. To regard, fix the~ffimdupon ; 
attendere rem, or ad rem, aliquem ; alicui, or rei, de 
re; animum, or mentem advertere ad rem, rei, or rem ; 
and often simply, advertere, observare ; rationem habere 
rei. II. To wait on (as a servant) ; apparere alicui 
ministrare alicui. N. B. To attend a magistrate, is 
hvays expressed by apparere. III. To accompany ; 
:omitari ; prosequi. IV. To be present upon a sum- 
mons ; prassto esse ; adesse ; se sistere. V. To be 
appendant to; inhaerere ; insidere ; comitari; adjungi. 
VI. To stay for; exspectare aliquem; opperiri 
iliquem ; praestolari alicui, or aliquem ; also, manere 

To ATTEND, v. n. I. To yield attention ; attendere 

animum ; and simply, attendere ; animum advertere ; 

r simply, advertere ; animum intendere. II. Tostay, 

delay ; exspectare ; manere ; morari ; commorari ; de- 


ATTENDANCE, s. I. The act of waiting on another i 

ninistratio ; ministerium: (on a magistrate) ; apparitio 

To dance attendance ; aliquem comitari, assectari, favo- 
'em conciliandi gratia. II. Attention, regard ; atten- 
io ; cura. 

ATTENDANT, s. I. One who attends or waits upon 
another ; minister ; assecla ; comes ; famulus : (on a ma- 
;istrate); apparitor ; also, stator : (as a lacquey) ; pedisse- 
quus. II. A concomitant or consequent; comes ; con- 
sequens ; consecutio ; consequentia. 

ATTENTION, s. Attentio; intentio animi; also, dili- 
;entia ; e. g. in audiendo. 

ATTENTIVE, a. Attentus ; intentus ; diligens (when it 
s equivalent to careful). To be attentive; ad aliquid 
ittendere ; animum ad aliquid advertere. 

ATTENTIVELY, ad. Attente ; attento (intento) animo ; 
arrectis auribus. 

To ATTEST, v. a. I. To bear witness of; testari ; 
;estificari ; tesiimonio probare, or confirmare, Cic. ; at- 
:estari, Plin. ; rei testimonium dare, Cic. II. To call 
'o witness ; appellare aliquem testem ; testari, cr testifi- 
cari, aliquem, Cic. 

ATTEST, ATTESTATION, s. Testificatio; testimonium, 
Cic. If in writing, consignata literis testificatio. Or by 
;he verbs ; as, rei testandae (testificandae) causa. 

To ATTIRE, v.a. Induere vestem alicui, or aliquem 
veste ; vestire aliquem ; ornare. 

ATTIRE, s. Vestitus ; vestimentum ; habitus ; orna- 
tus ; ornamentum. 

ATTITUDE, s. Corporis situs et habitus. 
ATTORNEY, s. Actor ; syndicus ; procurator Attor- 
ney of the exchequer ; actor publicus. Attorney-general; 
regiarum causarum procurator. 

To ATTRACT, v.a. I. To draw to something ; at- 
rahere ; ad se trahere ; ad se allicere ; ad se rapere. 
II. To allure, invite; allicere; allectare ; invitare; de- 
vocare ; illicere. 

ATTRACTION, s. I. The power of drawing any 
thing; vis attrahendi. (Virtus attractoria, Macer.) II. 
The power of alluring ; vis alliciendi. III. That which 
allures ; illecebra ; stimulus ; allectatio. 

ATTRACTIVE, a. I. Having the power to draw any 
hing ; attrahens ; attrahendi vim habens. II. Allur- 
ng ; illecebrosus ; alliciens ; pellax. 

To ATTRIBUTE, v. a. Ascribere ; assignare ; tribu- 
ere ; attribuere. 

ATTRIBUTE, s. The philosophical word is attributum, 
but proprietas will commonly suit ; Cicero says, singula- 
rum rerum singula proprietas. 

ATTRITION, s. I. The act of wearing things by rub- 
bing ; attritus ; affrictus, us, Plin. : or rather, by a verb. 
II. Grief for sin ; animus fractus ; pcenitentia. 
(Attritio is not used in this sense.) 
To ATTUNE, v. a. Concinere ; congruere. 
AUBURN, a. Coloris nucei ; or, colore nuceo ; habeas 
colorem nuceum. 
AUCTION, s. Auctio. To hold an auction ; auctionem 

facere, instituere ; also, auctionari To be at an auction ; 

auctioni interesse A catalogue of an auction i index 
rerum auctione vendendarum, or venditarum ; or, more 
concisely, index auctionis To sell by auction ; vendere 
aliquid in auctione ; hasta posita vendere. 

AUCTIONEER, s. Praeco auctionarius ; or simply, prseco, 
when the other may be easily understood. 
AUDACIOUS, a. Audax ; temerarius ; confidens. 
AUDACIOUSLY, ad. Audacter; confidenter; tcmere. 
AUDACIOUSNESS, AUDACITY, s. Audacia; confidentia ; 

AUDIBLE, a. Qui (qua?, quod) audiri potest ; cadens 
sub sensum audiendi. To be audible ; audiri posse ; ca- 
dere sub sensum audiendi ; auditu perdpl posse. 

AUDIBLY, ad. i.e. Clearly, with distinct voice, fyc. ; 

AUDIENCE.*. I. The act rf hearings auditio. 11. 
C 2 


Liberty of speaking granted, a hearing ; audientia ; adi- 
tus ; admissio. To procure an audience ; audientiam 
facere alicui ; aditum alicui dare ; admissionem alicui 
dare ; potestatem dare alicui adeundi aliquem To give 
audience ; aditum dare ; admittere ; copiam sui facere ; 
audire aliquem To have an audience ; admitti ad ali- 
quem ; convenire, or adire, aliquem ; colloqui cum aliquo. 
III. An auditory ; auditores ; audientes ; see AU- 

AUDIT. *. Examinatio ; inspectio ; contemplatio. Also 
by a verb. 

To AUDIT, v. a. Inspicere ; percurrere (perlustrare) 
oculis; perspicere; examinare, when the idea of examin- 
ation is included. 

AUDITOR, s. I. A hearer ; auditor ; audiens ; qui 
audit, or qui audiebat, &c., as the case maybe. II. A 
person employed to take an account ultimately ; rationem 
inquisitor, or inspector. 

AUDITORY, s. Auditores ; audientes ; convocati audi- 
tores ; concio, Cic A numerous auditory ; concio frc- 

quens, Cic. ; diffusior corona, Plin He has always a 

large auditory; concessu i'requentissimo verba facit ; 
summa audientium frequentia celebratur. Cic. 

To AUGMENT, v. a. Augere ; adaugere ; amplificare. 
To augment grief ; ad dolorcm acerbitatem afferre, Cic. 

To AUGMENT, v. n. Augeri ; adaugeri ; augescere ; 
adaugescere ; crescere ; invalescere ; adolescere ; Cic. 

AUGMENTATION, s. I. The act of increasing ; am- 
plificatio ; auctus ; adauctus ; incrementum. II. The 
thing added; additamentum ; accessio. 

AUGUR, s. Augur (properly so called) ; vates ; divi- 
nus ; fatidicus ; (propheta, Apul.). 

To AUGUR, v . n. Vaticinari ; divinare ; praedicere ; 

AUGURY, s. I. The act of prognosticating by omens ; 
divinatio ; vaticinatio. II. An omen or prediction; 
augurium ; omen. 

AUGUST, o. Magnificus ; splendidus ; augustus. 

AUGUST. 5. (The month of) ; Augustus, or mensis Au- 
gustus. At and before the time of Cicero, this month 
was called Sextilis. The first of August; Calendar A u- 
gustae (Sextiles). The ninth, &c. ; Nona;, &c. Fif- 
teenth ; Idus, &c. 

AUNT. s. I. Father' s sister ; amita. II. Mother's 
sister ; matertera. 

AURICLE, s. I. The external ear; auris; auricula. 
II. (Of the heart) ; auricula cordis. 

AURICULAR, a. i. e. Told in the ear ; secret ; in aurem 
dictus ; arcanus ; secretus ; occultus. 

AUSPICE, s, I. An omen drawn from birds ; aus- 
picium ; augurium. II. Protection, favour shown; 
iavor ; benevolentia ; gratia. 

AUSPICIOUS, a. I. With omens of success ; bonis, or 
optimis, auspiciis. II. Fortunate ; felix; fortunatus ; 
beatus. III. Kind, favour able ; prosper; secundus ; 

AUSPICIOUSLY, ad. Auspicato. 

AUSTERE, a. I. Severe, rigid; severus ; austerus ; 
asper ; durus. II. Sour of taste, harsh ; acerbus ; aus- 
terus ; asper. 

AUSTERELY, ad. Acerbe ; austere ; dure ; duriter ; 
severe ; aspere. 

AUSTERENESS, AUSTERITY, s. I. Severity; asperi- 
tas; severitas ; duritia ; durities ; duritas. II. 

Roughness in taste ; acerbitas ; austeritas ; duritia ; du- 
rities ; duritas. 

AUTHENTICAL, AUTHENTIC, a. Verus ; genuinus ; 
sincerus. Not authentic ; non verus ; non genuinus ; or, 
spurius ; subditus ; falsus. 

AUTHENTICITY, s. Veritas ; sinceritas. 

AUTHOR, s. I. The first beginner or mover of any 
thing; inceptor; auctor; caput. II. The efficient; 
effector; opifex ; conditor ; molitor. III. A writer; 
auctor; scriptor; qui librum (libros) scripsit. The fe- 
minine must be expressed by the circumlocution, quae 
librum (libros) scripsit. 

To AUTHORISE, v. a. i. e. To give authority ; instruere 
aliquem potestate rei ; potestatem rei dare alicui ; per- 
mittere alicui, ut. 

AUTHORITATIVE, a. Auctoritatem habens ; gravis, cum 
auctoritate conjunctus. 

AUTHORITATIVELY. Cum auctoritate ; grayiter. 

AUTHORITY, s. I. Legal power ; auctoritas; potes- 
tas; potentia; ditio ; imperium ; manus; jus. II. 
Credit ; auctoritas ; dignitas. To put in authority ; 

aliquem alicui rei praeficere ; auctoritatem alicui dare 

To deprive of authority; exauctorari ; aliquem magis- 
tratu privare ; alicui magistratum abrogare. To give 
authority to any thing ; alicui rei auctoritatem aflerre, 
or adjicere; pondus alicui rei addere. III. Credibi- 
lity; fides. Of authority ; fide dignus ; credibilis. 
IV. Authorities, i. e. persons invested with legal poiver ; 
praeferti ; magistri ; magistrates. 

AUTUMN, s. Autumnus, or auctumnus. 

AUTUMNAL, a. Autumnalis. 

AUXILIARY, a. Adjuvans ; utilis ; auxiliaris : aaxiii- 



AUXILIARY. *. Adjutor ; auxiliator. 

To AVAIL, v. a. I. To assist ; juvare, or adjuvare, 
aliquem in re, or ad aliquid efficiendum. II. To projit ; 
prodesse ; utilem esse ; utilitati (or usui) esse ; utihta- 
tem afferre, c. To be of great avail ; valde prodesse ; 
magno esse usui, &c To be of little avail ; parurn pro- 
desse ; parvo esse usui, &c. 

AVAIL, s. Utilitas ; usus ; fructus ; commodum. 

AVAILABLE, a. Utilis ; fructuosus. 

AVANTGUARD. s. Primum agmen. 

AVARICE, s. Avaritia ; sordida avaritia ; sordes. 

AVARICIOUS, a. I. Greedy of money ; avarus. II. 
Greedy of other things ; cupidissimus ; valde appetens ; 
bitiens rci, and-rero. 

AVAUNT. interj, Abi ; discecte ; apage te ; apage ; 
apagesis : (to several persons) ; abite ; discedite ; ainoli- 
mini vos. 

To AVENGE, v. a. 1. To revenge; ulcisci ; vindi- 
care rem (or hominem); par pari referre. II. To 
punish ; punire aliquem ; animadvertere in aliquem, or 
"in aliquid. 

AVENUE, s. I. A way of entrance ; aditus ; acces- 
sus. II. A walk between trees ; via arboribus utrinque 
septa ; sometimes, ambulatio (ambulacrum) arboribus 
utrinque septa (septum). It may probably also be ren- 
dered, xystus. 

To AVER. v. a. Affirmare ; asseverare ; obtinere ; te- 
nere ; contendere ; defendere. 

AVERAGE. s. i. e. A mean proportion; aequa ejusdem 
portio, or ratio, distributio, collatio. 

AVERMENT, s. Affirmatio ; asseveratio ; assertio. 

AVERSE, a. Inimicus ; alienus ab aliquo, a re, or re, 
rei, and in aliquem ; non propensus ad ; aversans ali- 

AVERSENESS, AVERSION, s. Aversatio ; fastidium 

To have an aversion from ; aversari aliquid ; ab aliquo 
alienum, or aversum, esse; alieno, or averso, animo esse 
ab aliquo. 

To AVERT, v. a. Avertere ; depellere ; arcere ; pro- 
pulsare To avert the eyes; oculos avertere ; detiec- 
tere ; declinare. 

AVIARY. s. Aviarium ; ornithon. 

AVIDITY, s. Cupido ; cupiditas ; aviditas ; appetentia ; 
with or without rei. 

AVOCATION, s. I. A calling aside; avocatio. May 
commonly be rendered by the verb. II. Business that 
calls ; res impediens ; impedimentum ; negotium j occu- 

To AVOID, v. a. I. To shun; vitare ; devitare; 
evitare. II. To endeavour to S//OTS: i'ugere ; vitare. 

AVOIDABLE, a. Evitabilis ; yitabilisS 

AVOIDANCE, s. Vitatio ; devitatio ; eviEftio: fu 

To AVOUCH, v. a. i. e. To afjirm, maintan*^ afflr- 
mare ; asseverare ; obtinere ; teiiere ; attestari ; cc 
ter affirmare ; defendere. 

To Avow. v.a. Fateri; confiteri ; profiteri (when it 
means to avow of one's own accord, or voluntarily) ; non 
infitiari. Not to avow ; non fateri ; infitiari j dimteri ; 

AVOWEDLY, ad. Aperte ; ex professo. 

To AWAIT, v. a. Exspectare ; manereaiiquem; oppe- 
riri aliquem ; praestolari alicui, and aliquem. 

To AWAKE, AWAKEN, v.a. I. To rouse out of sleep ; 

expergefacere ; excitare, or suscitare, e somno ; or, 

simply, excitare, suscitare, when the meaning is clear. 

II. To put into new action; incitare ; excitare; 

acuere ; suscitare. 

To AWAKE, v. n. Expergisci ; evigilare ; somno 
solvi : (suddenly) ; repente expergisci, &c., or somno 
excuti. Fig. ; expergisci. 

AWAKE, a. Vigil ; insomnis. As soon as I was 
awake ; experrectus; or, cum experrectus essem. Fig. ; 
alacer; impiger. 

To AWARD, v. a. Addlcere ; adjudicare ; decernere. 

AWARD, s. Addictio ; adjudicatio. 

AWARE, a. I. Conscious ; edoctus ; certior factus ; 

sciens Not aware ; ignarus; nescius. II. Vigilant, 

attentive ; vigil ; vigilans ; diligens ; attentus. 

AWAY. a. and ad. I. Absent ; absens : (of a place) ; 
remotus ; distans. II. Let us go ; abeamus ; disceda- 
mus. III. Begone; abi ; discede ; apage te ; apage; 
apagesis (To several persons) ; abite ; discedite ; amo- 
litnini vos. IV. To take away ; auferre ; tollere. 
To away ivith ; i. e. To bear, endure ; pati ; ferre, &c. 

AWE. s. Reverentia ; verecundia ; veneratio : when 
it is excessive, metus, timor. To keep in awe ; coercere ; 
reprimere To stand in awe of ; revereri ; timere. 

To AWE. v. a. i.e. To strike terror into; metum 
(timorem) alicui injicere, inferre, aflerre, oderre, facere, 

AWFUL, a. I. Worshipful; reverentiae, &c. dignus. 
II. Terrible, dreadful ; terribilis ; timendus. 

AWHILE, ad. Aliquod tempus ; per aliquod tempus; 

AWKWARD, a. I. Unready, clumsy; ineptus ; inha- 
bilis ; imperitus ; rudis. II. Inelegant, misshapen ,- 
iaformis ; dcforniis. 


A.VKWARDNESS. s. Imperitia ; inscitia; inhabilitas ; 

AWL. s. Subula. An awl-maker ; artifex subularius. 

AWNING, s. Operculum ; tegumentum ; tegumen 
(tegimen, tegmen). 

AWUY. ad. Prave; praepostere; perverse ; perperam. 

AXE. s. Securis A carpenter's axe ; ascia ; also, 
securis A pick-axe ; bipennis. 

Axis. s. Axis. 

AXLE, AXLE-TREE. 5. Axis. 

AY. ad. See YES. 

AYE. ad. See ALWAYS. 

AZURE, a. Cceruleus ; or, habeas colorem coeli sorcni ; 
or, sirailis coelo sereno. 


To BAA. v. n. Balare; belare. 

To BABBLE, v. n. 1. To prattle like a child ; garrire ; 
falmlari ; coutabulari. II. To talk idly; garrire ; fa- 
bulari. III. To tell secrets; enunti.ire ; eff'utire ; 
deblaterare. IV. To talk much; garrire ; garrulumse 

BABBLER, s. I. An idle talker; Tabulator; gar- 
rulus. II. A teller of secrets ; garrulus. 

BABE, BABY. s. Infans ; liliolus ; filiola ; lactens. 

BABOON, s. Simla major ; but this does not exactly 
suit : others render it Papio, Linn. The larger sort is 
the .sphinx of Linn. 

BABYISH, a. Puerilis ; also, (of girls) puellaris. 

BACHELOR, s. I. A man unmarried,- caelebs. II. 
A man who takes his first degree ; Baccalaureus. 
A Bachelor's degree ; baccalaureatus ; or, primus ho- 
noris academic! gradus. 

BACK.*. I. The hinder part of the body; dorsum ; 
tergum. At one's back, i. e. behind; a tergo. To turn 
one's back upon, i. e. to leave, quit ; relinquere ; deserere. 
Behind one's back ; clam ; e. g. clam me ; or, me 
inscio. II. The hinder part of any tiling; dorsum; 
pars posterior, postica, or aversa. 

BACK, ad. I. To the place whence one came ; com- 
monly expressed by re, in composition. II. Backward 
from the present station; retro; retrorsum. III. 
Behind, not coming forward ; tecte ; occulte. IV. 
Again ; rursum ; rursus : frequently expressed by re, in 

To BACK. v. a. I. To mount ahorse ; scandere, con- 

scendere, ascendere, inscendere (equum, or in equum). 

II. To support, justify ; fulcire ; sustcntare ; de- 

fendere; probare; excusare; purgare. III. To move 

backwards; retrorsum impellere, movere, &c. 

To BACK. v. n. i. e. To go backwards ; retro ferri, &c. 

To- BACKBITE, v. a. Falso criminari ; detrahere de 
alicujus fama ; sennonibus falsis laedere famam alicujus ; 
obtrectare alicui ; clanculum de aliquo male loqui ; clan- 
culum detrnhere de alicujus dignitate. 

B \CKBITER. s. Criminator mendax ; obtrectator. 

BACKBONE, s. Spina dorsi. 

BACKDOOR, s. Ostium posticurn ; or simply, posticum ; 
postica janua > or simply, postica. 

BACKROOM, s. Cubiculum posticum, or aversum ; 
cubiculum in postica (aversa) parte aedium ; postica pars 
anlium ; aedincium posticum. 

BACKSIDE, s. I. The hinder part of any thing; dor- 
siini ; pars posterior, postica, or, aversa. II. The 
hinder part of any animal; natis ; clunis ; pi. nates; 

To BACKSLIDE, v. n. Decedere ; recedere ; discedere ; 
aberrare ; deerrare ; declinare, ab officio, &c. 

BACKSLIDES. <s. Defector ; qui deficit, delecit, &c. 

BACKWARD or BACKWARDS, ad. I. With the back 
forward ; recedens Backwards and forwards ; ultro 
dtroque. II. Toward the back; retro; in parte 
aversa. III. To the place behind ; retro ; retrorsum ; 
retrorsus. IV. Regressively ; in partem aversam ; 
citro. V. From a better to a worse state ; in pejus. 

BACKWARD, a. I. Unwilling; alienus a; non 
propensus ad ; non inclinans ad ; aversans aliquem, or 
aHquid. II. Sluggish; tardus ; serus ; segnis ; piger ; 
iners ; deses ; socors. III. Dull of apprehension ; 
tardus ; lentus. 

BACKWARDNESS, s. I. Unwillingness ; aversatio. 
II. Sluggishness; tarditas ; inertia; segnitia, or 
scgnities; desidia; pigritia ; socordia. III. Dulncss ; 

BACON, s. Lardum ; laridum, Plaut. 

BAD. a. I. Ill, not good; malus (comp. pejor ; 
superl. pessimus). II. Vicious, corrupt; nialus ; 
nequatn ; improbus ; pravus. III. Unfortunate, un- 
happy ; mains; miser. IV. Hurtful, unwholesome j, 
mains ; noxius. V.Sick; male se habens ; a?grotus ; 
ji'-cr. VI. Severe (of a distemper) ; malus ; maftgnus. 

MADGE. s. Signum ; nota ; indicium A .' 
honour; insiffne. 


BADGER. 5. Meles (maples) ; melis (maeh's) ; or Ureuj 
Meles, Linn. 

BADLY, ad. Male ; prave ; improbe. 

BADNESS, s. Malitia ; improbitas. 

To BAFFLE, v. a. Redderevanum (irritum, inanem) ; 
ad irritum redigere ; pervertere ; evertere ; discutere ; 

BAG. s. Sacculus ; crumena : (of a larger kind) ; saccus. 

To BAG. v. a, I. To put into a bag; in sacculum, 
or saccum (sacculos, or saccos), condere (or ingerere). 

II. To load with bags; onerare saecis, &e. ; saccos, 
&c., imponere alicui. 

To BAG. v. n. i. e. To swell like a full bag ; tumescere ; 
intumeseere ; turgescere. 

BAGATELLE.*. (Fr.) Parva res ; parvum. 

BAGGAGE, s. I. The furniture of an army ; sarcina: ; 
impedimenta. II. A worthless woman ; prostibulum ; 

BAGNIO, s. I. A house for bathing; balineum, or 
balneum; also, pi., balnete, when the place contains se- 
veral baths. II. A brothel ; lupanar. 

BAIL. s. I. Security for one's appearance ; sponsio. 
II. He who gives bail ; sponsor; fidejussor ; pries 
(concerning an estate) : vas (concerning life and death) : 
appromissor, Pompon. ; Ulp. 

To BAIL, v a. i. e. To give bail for another; sponsorem 
esse ; spondere ; vadimonium promittere ; vattari. 

BAILIFF, s. I. A subordinate officer ; prases (pro- 
vinciae) ; prafectus (provincte). II. An under steward ; 
prasl'ectus operarum ; villicus. 

To BAIT. v. a. I. To put meat to tempt animals ; 
inescare. II. To halt on a journey ; morari ; intcr- 

To BAIT. v. n. i. e. To set dogs upon; immittcre canes 
alicui, or in aliquem ; incitare, or condtare, canes in 

BAIZE, s. Pannus laneus crassioris generis. 

To BAKE. v. a. Coquere (of bread, Lricks, &c.) ; 
torrere (of apples, pears, &c.) To bake, i.e. to bale 
bread ; coquere panes. 

To BAKU, v. n. Coqui ; concoqui. 

BAKEHOUSE, s. Officina pistoria v or, pars domus ser- 
viens coquendis panibus, or ubi panes coquuntur. 

BAKER, s. Pistor Baker's bread; panis pistorius ; 
or, panis apud pistorem venalis ; panis a pistore. 

BAKING, s. i. e. The art of a baker ; lurnaria ; ars pis- 

BALANCE, s. I. A pair of scales; libra ; statera ; tru- 
tina. II. The act of comparing two things ; compara- 
tio ; contentio ; collatio. III. That which is wanting 
to make two parts of an account even ; residuum ; re- 
liquum. IV. Equipoise; Eequilibritas ; {equilibrium ; 
icquipondium. To keep one's balance ; aequilibritutrm 
(^equilibrium) servare ; corpus, or se, librare, or librari. 
V. The beating part of a watch ; libramentum. 

To BALANCE, v. a. I. To weigh in a balance ; 
librare ; pendere (from pendo) ; pensare ; pensitare ; 
ponderare. II. To counterpoise ; rem cum altera 
compensare, aequare, or adaequare, Cic. III. To re- 
gulate an account ; rationes conficere, et consolidare, 
Cic To balance an account, i. e. to pay what remains 
due ; rationum reliqua solvere. 

BALCONY, s. Podium ; projectura ; mcenianum. 

BALD. a. I. 1\ itkout hair ; calvus ; glaber. To 
be bald; calvum, or glabrum, esse ; calvere ; glabrere 
To grow bald ; calvum, or glabrum, fieri ; glabescere ; cal- 
vescere. II. Without natural covering ; nudus. 
III. Unadorned; inelegant; tenuis ; miser. 

BALDNESS, s. Calvities \ calvitium. 

BALD-PATE, s. Calvus ; recalvus. 

BALDRICK. s. I. A girdle ; cingulum ; zona. II. 
The zodiac; orbis signifer ; zodiacus. 

BALE. s. Fascis ; fasciculus. 

To BALE, v . a. In fasces (fascicules) colligare. 

BALEFUL, a. I. Sorrowful ; tristis ; injucundus ; in- 
gratus ; luctuosus. \\.Mischievous; damnosus ; noxi- 
us ; detrimentosus, Caes To be baleful; esse detrimento 


BALEFULLY. ad. Damnose ; nocenter. 

To BALK. v.a. i.e. To disappoint, to Jrustr ate ; fallere ; 
decipere ; frustrare. 

BALL. s. I. A round substance; pila ; sphaera A 
little ball ; pilula. II. A musket or cannon ball; j^lans 
plumbea fistula? igniferae, or tormentp. III. An enter- 
tainment of dancing ; saltatio solennis To give a ball ; 

saltationem instituere. To be at a ball ; saltationi in- 

To BALL. v. a. i. e. To make into a ball; conglobare ; 
glomcrare ; conglomerare. 

BALLAD, s. Cantilena ; carmen triviale. 

BALLAST, s. Onus navi^ii inferius ; saburra. 

BALLOON, s. Pila ; follis ; folliculus. 

BALLOT, s. 1. A ball or ticket used in giving votes ; 
r^scva; tabclla; calculus. II. Voting by ballot ; suf- 

HALM. s. I. Prop. Balsamum. II. Fig. Sola- 
tiu:u ; quies ; dulcedo ; rcocatio. 
C' 3 


BALMY, a. I. Of balm; balsaminus; balsameus. 
II. Fragrant ; bene olens ; boni odoris ; odoris aro- 
matici. III. Refreshing; recreans. 

BALSAM, s. i. e. Ointment, unguent ; unguentum. 

BALSAMIC, a. Balsaminus ; balsameus. 
' To BAMBOOZLE, v.a.i.e. To cheat; fall ere ; indu- 
cere ; decipere ; circumscribere ; circumvenire. 

BAN. s. I. Public notice given of any thing ; signi- 
ficatio ; declaratio. II. A curse, excommunication; 
exsecratio publica ; segregatio ab usu sacrorum ; usus 
sacrorum interdictus. III. Interdiction; proscriptio ; 
interdictio A double ban; proscriptio renovata, or 

To BAN. I. (In a civil sense) ; proscribere aliquem. 
II. (In an ecclesiastical sense); aliquem exsecrari 

Sublice ; publice judicare aliquem impium ; usu sacrorum 
iterdicere alicui segregare ab usu sacrorum, or ab 

BAND. s. I. That which binds; vinculum ; copula ; 
ligamen. II. Any union or connection; vinculum; 
conjunctio ; consociatio. Ill A company of persons 
bound together ; societas ; manus. 

To BAND. v. n. i. e. To unite together; societatem fa- 
cere, inire, coire ; se conjungere ; se jungere ; se colli- 
gare ; jungi ; conjungi ; sociari ; also, conspirare. 

BANDAGE, s. Fascia ; fasciola. 

BANDBOX, s. Capsa. 

BANDIT, s. Sicarius. 

To BANDY, v. a. I. To bear to and fro; agitare 
ultro citroque. II. To give and take reciprocally; 
commutare ; invicem dare et recipere. 

BANDY-LEGGED, a. Loripes ; curvos habens pedes ; 
curvis pedibus praeditus (and without praeditus) ; or, 

BANE. s. I. Poison ; toxicum ; venenum ; virus. 
II. Mischief, ruin; venenum; pestis ; pernicies. 

BANEFUL, a. I. Poisonous; venenatus. II. De- 
structive; perniciosus ; pernitialis ; exitiosus ; exitialis ; 
pestifer ; pestilens. 

BANEFULNESS. s. i.e. Destructivencss ; conditio (or 
ratio, natura) perniciosa, exitiabilis. The words perni- 
ciositas, exitiabilitas, do not occur. 

To BANG. v. a. i. e. To beat, thump ; fcrire ; percu- 
tere ; icere ; pulsare ; verberare. 

To BANISH, v. a. I. To condemn to leave his 
country; inexilium ejicere, or pellere; ejicere, or pel- 
lere, expellere, exterminare, urbe, civitate, or patria ; or 
simply, ejicere; pellere; exterminare, &c. II. To 
drive away ; ejicere; pellare; expellere; amovere ; re- 

BANISHMENT, s. I. The act of banishing another ; 
expulsio ; dcpulsio. The words ejectio, exterminatio, 
seem not to occur. This word may be expressed by a 
participle : e. g. Cicerone exterminate (or, in exiliiim 
pulso) ; After the banishment of Cicero. II. The state 
of being banished ; exile; exilium. 

BANK. s. I. The earth rising on each side of a 
river; ripa. II. Any heap of earth piled up ,- agger; 
moles A bank of sand, $c. in the sea; pulvinus ; scam- 
num ; syrtis ; scopulus. III. A bench of rowers ; 

transtrum ; jugum. IV. A place where money is laid 
up; aerarium. V. A company of bankers ; asrarium 
publicum credens vulgo pecuniam ; or, serarium. 

To BANK. v. a. I. To inclose with a bank ; aggere 
(mole) cohibere. II. To lay up money in a bank ; 
pecuniam apud argentarios deponere. 

BANK-BILL, BANK-NOTE. 5. Syngrapha mensae fene- 
ratoriae publicae ; or, tessera perscriptionis publicae. 

BANKER, s. Mensarius ; argentarius ; Cic. ; trape- 
zita, as, m., Plaut. (Nummularius, Ulp.) To be a 
banker ; argentariam facere, Cic. 

BANKRUPT, s. Quinonest snlvendo ; impar solvendo ; 
demersus onere asris alieni. We find also, decoctor, in 
Cicero. To become bankrupt ; solvendo non esse ; suc- 
cumbere aeris alieni oneri ; decoquere ; argentariam dis- 
solvere; Cic. 

BANKRUPTCY, s. Ruina rei familiaris ; ruina fortuna- 

BANNER, s. Vexillum ; signum militare ; or simply, 

BANNS, s. (Of marriage) ; praeconia sponsalitia. 
BANQUET, s. Convivium ; epulum ; epulas, arum ; epu- 
latio ; Cic A magnificent banquet ; epulae conquisitis- 
siman, Cic. To give a banquet ; praebere convivium, or 
epulum ; epulas dare To go to a banquet ; convivium, 
or epulas, inire To be at a banquet ; interesse convivio. 
Of or belonging to a banquet ; convivalis ; epularis. 

To BANQUET, t. n. Hilarem in mpdum epulari ; con- 
vivari ; convivium celebrare ; convivia agere ; Cic. 

BANQUETER, s. Conviva, ae, m. ; convivator, Cic. 
To BANTER, v. a. Ludere ; illudere ; ludificare ; lu- 
dibrio habere aliquem. 

BANTLING, s. Paryulus ; pusio, onis, m., Cic. 
BAPTISM, s. Baptismus, i, in. ; baptisma, atis, n. ; 

baptismum, i, n. ; Tert The grace of baptism ; collata 

per baptismum gratia A certificate of baptism ; instru- 
mentum quo de suscepto baptismo constat To offer 


one's self for baptism ; ad sacrum baptismi fontem acce- 
dere; aquis lustralibus purgandum se dare. 

BAPTISMAL, a. Ad baptismum pertinens The baptis- 
mal font; fons baptismi ; fontes lust rales. 

BAPTIST, s. i. e. One who baptizes ; qui baptizat ; bap- 
tizator, Tert. ; baptista, ae, m., Sedul. 

BAPTISTERY, s. Baptisterium, Sidon. (Pliny uses the 
word in the sense of A bathing-tub') ; sacri fontes. 

To BAPTIZE, v.a. Baptizare, Augustin. ; aquis bap- 
tismi lustrare ; sacro fonte abluere ; in sacrum fontem 

BAR. s. I. A long piece of wood ; asser, eris, m., 
Caes. ; or of iron ; vectis. is, m., Cic A piece of wood 
laid across a passage, door, fyc. ; obex, icis, m., Virg. ; 
septum; claustrum ; repagulum. II. Any obstacle 

which hinders or obstructs ; obex ; impedimentum ; repa- 
gulum ; Cic. ; obsUculum, Plaut. III. A rock or bank 
of sand at the entrance of a harbour or a river ; aestua- 
rium, i, n., Caes. IV. The place where law cases or 
criminals are tried ; cancelli, Cic. ; clathri, orum, Hor. 
V. ( In music) ; linea transversa. VI. A solid mass 

of metal; auri, argenti, &c., massa Silver in bars; 

argentum infectum. VII. (In a tavern) ; cancelli, 
orum, m. 

To BAR. v. a. I. To fasten with bars ; vccte rem 
occludere ; rei vectem obducere, or obdere To bar a 
gate ; emunire postes obice, Virg. To bar a passage j 
aditum alicui obstruere. II. To hinder, obstruct, pre- 
vent ; aditum intercludere, Cic. ; iter obsepire, LIT. ; 
impedire ; impedimento esse ; obstare quo minus, or ne, 
aliquid fiat. III. To shut out from ; rem, or re, amo- 
vere, or removere ; aliquem a loco removere, or prohi- 
bere ; Cic. IV. To exclude from a claim ; privare ; or- 
bare ; excludere. V. To prohibit ; rem vetare, or pro- 
hibere ; vetare, or prohibere, aliquem facere aliquid, Cic. 

BARB. s. I. A Barbary horse ; equus Punieus, or 
Numidicus. II. A crooked point ; deris ; hamus. 
III. Armour for horses; ferreae laminae serie inter se 
connexas, Curt.; phalerae, arum, f. pi. 

BARBARIAN, s. Barbarus ; barbariae incola. 

BARBARIAN, BARBABK>.-. Barbarus ; barbaricug. 

BAHBAKISM. s. I. (In grammar); barbarismus. 

Quint. To make or commit a barbarism ; verbum vi- 
tiose efferre, Cic. II. Savagenessof manners; incon- 
cinna asperitas ; barbaria, m,i.\ Cic. 

BARBARITY, s. 1. Cruelty; diritas et immanitas; 
feritas et immanitas, Cic. II. Roughness of manners f 
inconcinna asperitas ; barbaria, 32, f. ; Cic. 

BARBAROUS, a. I. Foreign, outlandish ; barbarus ; 
barbaricus. 1 1. Rude in manners or speech ; barbarus ; 
rudis ; cultu asper, Virg. III. Cruel, inhum,an ; 

barbarus; ferus ; irrirnanis; crudelis ; Cic Barbarous 
tribes ; gentes immanitate crudeles, Cic. 

BARBAROUSLY, ad. Barbare ; crudeliter ; inhumani- 
ter; atrociter; Cic. 

BARBED, a. Dentatus ; hamatus. 

BARBEL. 5. A fish; mullus fluviatilis ; " mullus bar. 
batulus ; Cic.; barbus, Auson. A little barbel; mul- 
lulus ; barbatulus mullulus. 

BARBER, s. Tonsor, oris, m. A female barber ; ton- 
strix, Plaut. ; tonstricula, Cic. A barber's shop ; 
tonstrina, e, f. Of or belonging to a barber ; ton? o- 

BAHBES. s. pi. A disease of horses; ranae equinae, 
f. pi. 

BARD. s. Celticus heroum prasco: it is often used 
in the sense of Poet. See POET. 

BARE. a. I. Without covering ; nudus; nudatus 

A tree bare of leaves ; nudata foliis arbor Plains bare 
of trees ; campinudi, or sine arbore. II. Without or- 
namcnt; simplex ;inornatus; nullo ornatu. III. With- 
out concealment ; retectus ; delectus. IV. Poor; 
egens ; pauper ; inops. V. Mere ; solus ; unus. 
VI. Worn, threadbare ; attritus, Mart. ; usu detritus, 
Quint. ; tritus, Hor. ; obsoletus, Liv. 

To BARE. v.a. I. To uncover ; detegere, Plaut.; 
retegere, Varr. II. To strip; rem re nudare, or 


BAREFACED, a. i.e. Shameless, impudent; impudens; 
mverecundus ; Cic. To be barefaced; os ferreum ha- 
bere ; ore durissimo esse ; frontem perfricuisse, Cic. 

BAREFACEDNESS. s. Impudentia, Cic. ; os durum, or 
impudens, Ter. 

BAREFOOT, a. Nudis pedibus. 

BAREHEADED, a. Aperto, or nudato, capite. 

BARELY, ad. I. Simply, merely; tantum. II. 
Without ornament; simpliciter; nullo ornatu j nulla 
exornatione ; Cic. 

BARENESS, s. Nuditas. 

BARGAIN, s. I. An agreement; pactum ; pactio ; 
fcedus, eris, n. ; conventus, us ; conventio To make a 
bargain ; cum altero de re pacisci To annex a condition 
to a bargain ; pacisci sub conditipne, Cic. To depart 
from one's bargain ; a pactione abire, or discedere ; pac- 
;is non stare. II. Condition of the price of a tiling 
bought or sold ; pretium. To be a good bargain ; vilis- 
sime constare. To sell a great bargain; rem parvo 


pretio vendere, Cic. ; vili vendere, Mart. You f/ave 
bought the ship a great bargain ; gratis constat tibi navis, 

To BARGAIN, v. n. Cum altero de re pacisci. 

BARGE, s. Cymba ; navicula ; Cic. ; linter, tris, m.f., 
Caes. ; navigium. A small barge; navigiolum. 

BARGEMAN, s. Navicularius ; naviculator, Cic. ; por- 
titor, Virg. 

BARK. s. I. Rind of a tree; cortex, icis, m. f., Cic. 
The inner bark ; liber, bri, in. That has a bark ; corti- 
catus ; corticosus. Jesuits' bark; cortex Peruviana. 

II. A small ship; cymba ; scapha; Cic.; lembus, 
Liv. A little bark; lenunculus, Cjes. ; lembunculus, 
Tac. ; cymbula, Plin. 

To BARK. v. n. I. (As a dog) ; latrare, Cic. ; latratum 
edere, Ov. Dogs bark at thieves ; canes allatrant fures ; 
or, latrones latratu insequuntur ; fures latrantur a cani- 
bus, Plin. II. (As a fox); gannire, Varr. III. To 
clamour at : allatrare ; in aliquem latrare canina verba, 

To BARK. v. a. i. e. To strip off the bark ; decorticare; 
cortice denudare. 
BARKING, s. I. The cry of dogs ; latratus, us, m. 

II. The cry of foxes ; gannitus, us, m. 
BARLEY, s. Hordeum Of barley; hordcaceus 
Peeled barley ; hordeum mundatum et purgatum, or glu- 
mis exemptum. One who lives on barley bread ; hor- 
dearius, i,m. 

BARM. 5. Fermentum, Plin. 

BARN. 5. Horreum, i, n. A barn floor ; area, ae, f. 

BARNACLE, s. I. An instrument to hold a horse by 
the nose ; lupi, orum, pi., Ov. ; lupatum, Virg. II. A 
kind of bird ; anaticula marina. III. A sort of specla 
cle- ; conspicillum, i, n. 

BAROMETER, s. Barometrum, i, n. 

BARON, s. Baro, onis, m. (in the modern acceptation 
of the word: Cicero uses it in another sense). A Baron 
of the Exchequer ; qusestor. 

BARONET, s. Baronettus (modern). 

BARONESS, s. Baronissa. ze (modern). 

BARONY, s. Baronia; baronatus, us (modern). 

BARRACK, s. Casula; castrense tugurium. Barracks 
pi. ; contubernium, Caes. ; militares cellae. 

To BARFACK. v. a. Milites per contubernia dividere. 

BARREL, s. I. A small cask ; cadus ; dolium ; dolio- 
lum. II. A cylinder; cylindrus, i, Cic. Ill The 
barrel of a gun ; tubus ; fistula. 

To BARREL, v. a. In dolium, or cadum, infundere. 

BARREN, a. I. Prop. Sterilis ; infecundus Barren 
land ; humus sterilis, Propert ; ager infructuosus, Varr. ; 
jejuna terra, Col. 'To become barren; sterilescere, 
Plin. II. Fig. Sterilis; jejunus; tenuis ; infelix. 

BARRENNESS, s. Sterilitas ; infecunditas. 

BARRICADE or BARRICADO. s. Munimentum j lorica ; 
munimen ; septum ; claustrum. 

To BARRICADE or BARRICADO. v. a. and n. Loricam 
obducere ; objecto munimine locum obsepire, Cses. 

BARRIER, s. I. A barricade ; see BARRICADE. II. 
A stop ; obex, icis, m. ; impedimentum (obstaculum, 
Prudent.) Courage finds no barriers; nil est virtuti 
invium, Ov. III. A boundary ; finis, is, m. ; terminus ; 
limes, ids, m. ; terminalis lapis, Plin. 

BARRISTER, s. Causidicus ; patronus ; actor, Cic. ; 
actor causarum, Quint. To be or act as a barrister ; 
foro operam dare, Plaut. ; causas actitare, or defensitare ; 
in foro versari ; Cic The occupation of a barrister ; 
forensis opella, Hor. 

BARROW, s. I. A kind of vehicle ; a hand-barrow; 
gestatorium ; brachiata crates A wheel-barrow ; vehi- 
culum manuale, or trusatile. II. A hog ; verres, is, m. 

III. A mound ; tumulus, i, n., Cic. ; Caes. ; Ov. 
To BARTER, v. n. Kegotiari; mercaturam facere ; 

Cic. ; commercium facere, Plin. 

To BARTER, v. a. Rem cum alia commutare, Cic.; 
rem alia permutare, Plin. 

BARTER, s. Permutatio. 

BARTON, s. i.e. A poultry -yard ; gallinarium ; avia- 
rium ; cohors ; Col. ; chors, ortis, f. Ov. ; cohprtalis offi- 
cina. Of or belonging to a barton ; cohortalis. 

BASE. a. I. Mean, vile, worthless ; improbus ; ma- 
lus ; nequam ; pravus ; sceleratus. II. Of low station, 
of mean account ; humilis ; vilis ; abjectus ; nullius pre- 
tii ; contemptus ; feneus ; futilis ; contemnendus ; de- 
spiciendus ; spernencYis ; Cic. III. Of mean parent- 
age ; plebeius ; ignobilis. Of base birth or origin; 
obscuro, humili atque obscuro, infimo loco, or ignobili 
gcnere, natus, Cic. ; origine modicus, Ter. Base-born, 
\. e. bastard ; nothus, i, m. ; notha, ae, f. ; (spurius, Ulp.). 

I V . Ditmgemtota, iWberal, oj mean spirit ; abjectus et 
acens ; demissus et humilis ;abjeetuaet humilis. A bane 

spirit ; animus abjectus et humilis ; mens humilis, Cic. 
A base action; faciuus indignum, or illiberale ; factum 
turps et indecorum. To commit a base action ; abjecte 
facere ; dedecus admittere ; Cic. ; indignam se rem agere, 

BASE. s. i. e. Basis, foundation ; basis, is, f. ; funda- 
mentum ; pars ima. The bate of a mountain ; montis 


radices, f. pi., Cnes. The base of a statue or pillar s 
stylobata, or stylpbates, ae, m., Vitr. ; basis, Cic. 

BASE or BASS (in music), s. Gravior sonus. To sing 

; ; gravis cantus paries sustinere A bass-singer ; 

gravium partium cantor. 

BASELY, ad. Humiliter ; abjecte ; demisse ; turpiter ; 
inhoneste ; improbe ; nequiter ; Cic. ; indecore, Plaut. ; 
illiberaliter, Ter. To act basely indignam se rem 
agere, Hor. ; dedecus admittere, Cic. 

BASENESS, s. Improbitas ; pruvitas ; inhonesta, turpis, 
animi abjectio ; animi abjectio, or remissio ; ignavia. 
BASHAW, s. Provincial Turdcas moderator. 
BASHFUL, a. I. Modest ; verecundus ; pudens ; 
modestus ; Cic. ; pudibundus, Plin. 11. Sheepish ; 
timidus ; formidolosus ; demissus. 

BASHFULLY, ad. I. Modestly; modeste, Cic.; de- 
center, Ov. ; pudenter, Hor. II. Timorously; ti- 
mide ; fonnidolo&e ; pavide ; trepide. 

BASHFULNESS. s. I. Modesty; pudor; verecundia; 
vultus modestia ; Cic. II. SAeepinAneit, timidity; 
timidus pudor, Ov. ; frontis mollities, Plin. Ep. ; mul- 
lities, ei, or mollitia, as, f. ; verecundia, Cic. 

BASILIC, s. i. e. A magnificent church; basilica, ae, f., 
Sulp. Sev. 

BASILISK. 5. Basilicus, Plin. 

BASIS, s. See BASE. 

To BASK. v. n. In the sun ; apricari, Cic. ; apricari 
in sole; Varr.; apricatione calescere, Cic Before a 
jire ; ad focum assidere ; ad flammam se applicare ; 

BASKET, s. Qualus, Virg. ; qualum, Varr. ; canls- 
trum ; calathus ; corbis ; fiscina ; Cic. ; cista ; cophinus ; 
Col.; sporta, Sail. A little basket; quasillus, Catp ; 
quasillum, Cic. ; corbula, Varr. ; cistella, Ter. ; cis- 
tula, Mart. ; iiscella, Virg. ; calathiscus, Catull. A 
game-basket ; ovata fiscina ferinae aut avibus mittendis 
aptata A basket for carrying on the back ; sporta dos- 
suaria, Varr. 

BASON or BASIN, s. I. A vessel to hold water; 
pelvis, is, f. ; (pelhmum ; pelluvia, ae, f., Fest.). II. A 
hollow place u'hic/t contains water in a garden ; crater, 
eris, m., Plin. Ep. 111. (Of a harbour) ; alveus, 

i, m. IV. (Of a balance) ; lanx, cis, f., Cic. ; lancula 
se, f., Vitr. 

BASSO-RELIEVO or BAS-RELIEF. Anaglypta, anaglypha, 
orum, n., Mart. Vessels adorned with figures in bat- 
relief ; toreumata, urn, n. pi.; vasa sigillata, Cic.; 
vasa anaglypta, n. pi., Plin. 

BASSOON, s. Major tibia soni gravioris. 

BASTARD, s. Nothus, i, m. ; notha, ae, f. ; (spuriug, 

BASTARD, a. i. e. Spurious, false ; falsus ; adulterinus ; 
vanus ; fictus ; commenticius ; (spurius, Auson.). 

BASTARDY, s. Natalium vitium. 

To BASTE, v. a. 1. To beat with a stick ; alicai 
fustem impingere, Cic. ; fuste percutere, Veil. ; bacillo 
aliquem caedere, Cic. II. To drip any thing on meat 
that is roasting ; aspergere ; cpnspergere ; perfundere. 
III. To sew slightly ; longiori lili ductu praesuere, 

BASTINADE or BASTINADO, s. Fustuarium, Cic. ; Liv. 

BASTION, s. (In fortification); agger in aciem pro- 
minens ; propugnaculum. 

BAT. s. I. A club; clava, ae. f. II. A flitter ~ 
mouse; vespertilio, onis, m., Plin. 

BATCH, s. i. e. The quantity of bread baked at one 
time ; unius operae coctura. 

To BATE. v. a. Aliquid de summa deducere ; e summa 
detrahere ; de summa decessionem facere ; Cic Without 
bating any thing; sine ulla deductione, Suet. 1 will not 
bate any thing ; non aberit teruncius ; triobolum hie 
abesse non patiar, Plaut. 

To BATE. v. n. Imminui ; decrescere ; remittere ; 
se remittere ; inclinare se. 

BATH. 5. Lavacrum, i. n., Cell. ; locus lavationi 
idoneus Public baths ; balneae, arum, f. pi A pri- 
vate bath, private baths; balneum; balnea, orum A 

little bath ; balneolae, arum, f. pi., Cic. ; balneolum, 
Juv. Hot baths ; thermae, arum, f. pi., Mart A cold 
bath ; frigida lavatio, Cels Tlte part of a house in 
which the baths are ; balnearia, orum, Cic Of or be- 
longing to a bath or baths ; balnearis ; (balnearius ; 
balneatorius, Pand.) A bath-keeper ; balneator, Cic. ; 
(fern, balneatrix, Petr.). 

To BATHE, v. a. I. To wash in a bath ; in balneum, 
in aquam, demittere, Cels. ; lavare, Virg. To bathe 
wilh tears i lacrymis os totum sibi opplere, Ter. 11. 
To soften by the outward application of warm liquors ,- 
(vulnus) liquore calido fovere. 

To BATHE, v . n. Se lavare, Ter. ; lavare, Virg. ; 
lavare membra aqua, Ov. ; balneo uti, Cels. Togo a 

bathing; lavatum ire, Hor Fond of bathing ; fluminia 

areator, Flor The act of bathing ; lavatio. A bathing- 
tub ; labrum, Cic. ; solium, Cels. ; piscina, Plin. 

BATING, prep. Praeter (ilium); extra (ilium); 
(illo) excepto ; si (ilium) excipias. 

BATTALION, s. Agmen, inis, n. (In square) ; agnien 
C 4 


quadratum (Triangular) ; agmcn cuneatum ; cunous ; 

rostrata acies, Liv To form a battalion ; agmen 


To BATTEN, v. a. I. To make fat ; saginare ; opi- 
mare ; pinguefacere : pinguem, or opimam, facere. 
II. To fertilise; (terram) fecundare, Virg. ; (terris) 
fecunditatem dare, Cic. 

To BATTEN, v. n. I. To grow fat; pinguescere ; 
crassescere ; saginari. II. To welter; in re volutari, 
or se volutare ; se in rem immergere. 

To BATTER, v. a. Ferire ; tundere ; caedere To 

batter down; demoliri ; disturbare ; deturbare ; diruere ; 
affligere ; exscindefe, Caes. 

BATTERED, part. a. Quassatus ; afflictus ; fractus ; 
lacer ; laceratus. 

BATTERING-RAM, s. Aries, etis, m Of or belonging to 
a battering-ram ; arietarius, Vitr To strike with a 
battering-ram ; arietare ; ariete pulsare. To be shaken 
by a battering-ram : ariete crebro labare, "Virg. 
j&reach made by a battering-ram ,- arietatio, Sen. 

BATTERY, s. I. Prop. Tormentorum sedes, or 
suggestus, us ; tormenta bellica in suggestu disposita 
To form or raise a battery ; tormenta locare, or dis- 
ponere. II. Fig. i. e. Machination; machinaa, arum. 
To direct a battery against any one ; dplum et ma- 
chinam ad aliquem commoliri, Cic. ; alicui pestem, or 
calamitatem, machinari, Auct. ad Her. 

BATTLE, s. Praelium ; pugna A field of battle ; 

pugnae locus, Sail A decisive battle ; pugna decretoria, 

Quint To prepare for battle ; in aciem accingi. To 

advance to battle ; in aciem exire, prodire, or procedere, 
Cic. To give battle ; hosti potestatem pugnae facere ; 
hostes ad pugnam lacessere, Liv. To accept battle ; 
pugnam non detrectare, Liv To decline battle ; pugnam 
abnuere, Liv. To join battle ; praelium committere ; ad 
pugnam venire ; cum hoste confligere ; acie congredi ; 
collatis signis dimicare, Cic. To gain a battle ; hostem 
vincere ; ab hoste victoriam reportare, or referre ; hostes 
fugare ; hostium copias lundere ; e pra>lio superiorem 
discedere. To lose a battle ; a praalio inferiorem dis- 

BATTLE-ARRAY, s. Acies To form in battle-array ; 
in aciem se committere, Liv. To march in battle- 
array ; instructa acie procedere. To draw up in battle- 
array ; aciem componere, Ter., instruere, Cic., insti- 
tuere, Caes., disponere, exornare, Sail., Tac., ordinare, 
Curt. ; aciem struere adversus hostes ; copias in aciem 
educere, Cic. ; pugna? faciem componere, Tibull An 
army drawn up in battle-array ; compositum ad pugnam 
agmen ; instructa acies ; instructus exercitus. 

BATTLEDOOU. s. Palmula lusoria. 

BATTLEMENT, s. Pinna, ae, f. The wall was furnished 
with battlements; pinnae fastigium muri distinxerant, 

BAVIN, s. Breyior lignorum fasciculus (In war) ; 
virgultorum fascis. 

BAWBLE. s. Res nihili ; pi., gerrae ; nugae ; tricae. 

BAWDY, &c. See OBSCENE, &c. 

To BAWL. v. n. Clamitare. To bawl out against; 
alicui allatrare, Cic. ; in alterum canina verba latrare, 

BAWLER. s. Clamosus ; fern, clamosa ; latratpr. 

BAWLING, s. Clamitatio ; importuna clamitatio. 

BAY. s. I. An opening of the sea into the land ; 
sinus, us. II. A gap left for a door or window ; aper- 
tura, ae, f., Vitr. A bay-window ; fenestra in arcum 
ducta, arcuata, or cava. III. To keep one at bay ; 
retardare ; alicui moram, or tarditatem, afferre ; morari. 

BAY. . (Equus) badius, Varr., spadix, phceni- 
ceus, Cell A bright bay horse ; equus run coloris. 

To BAY. v. n. To bark as a dog ; latrare ; alla- 

BAY-TREE, s. Laurus, i, f. Rose bay-tree ; rhodo- 
daphne, es, f. ; nerium, i, n. ; .Plin Cherry bay-tree ; 
laurocerasus, i, f. 

BAYONET, s. Sica, a*, f. 

To BE. v.n. 1. To exist; esse ; exsistere, Cic. 
II. To have some certain state, quality, condition, or 
accident; esse. III. To belong ; esse alicujus ; ad ali- 
quem pertinere. IV. To be at or in, i. e. to be si- 
tuate at or in a place ; esse, or versari, in loco To be 
at home, in the city, in the country ; esse domi, in 
urbe, rure. Not to be at home, or in the city ; domo, 
or a domo, urbe, or ab urbe, abesse. N. B. In En- 
glish, the verb To be is the auxiliary by which the passive 
is formed, and must be expressed by the use of the 
passive form of the Latin verbs. In other cases, also, it 
is not expressed in Latin by the verbs above cited, but 
in various ways, which can be ascertained only by prac- 
tice, and by a general acquaintance with the two lan- 

BEACH, s. Litus, ons, n. ; acta, a?, f. ; ora, se, f. 

BEACON, s. Specularis significatio, Plin. A beacon- 
fire, or torch; praenuntiativi ignes, Plin.; luminis in- 
signe nocturnum, Liv. ; fax. 

BEAU. s. Globulus. 

BBADLE. s Accensus, i. m. ; apparitor. 


BEAGLE, s. brevioribus tibiis ; canis vestigator. 

BEAK, s. 1. The bill of a bird ; rostrum A little 

beak; rostellum The point or tip of a beak; rostri 
acies. The curved shape of a beak ; rostri aduncitas. 
Having a beak ; rostratus To strike with a beak ; ros- 

trare, Cic. ; rostro petere A beak-full ; esca, ae, f. 

II. The point of a ship's head ; rostrum. III. (In 
! geography) A promontory ; lingula, x, f., Caes. ; pro- 
; montorium. 

BEAKED, a Rostratus. 

I BEAM. s. I. Piece of timber ; trabs, abis, f. ; lignum, 
i, n. ; Caes. - A long entire beam ; trabs perpetua, Vitr. 
| A beam composed oj several pieces ; trabs compactilis, 
i Vitr. Space between tiro beams ; intertignium, Vitr. 
j A small beam; trabecula, Vitr. II. Ray of light ; ra- 
dius, i, m. ; see RAY. III. Part of a balance ; scapus, 
i, m., Vitr. ; jugum The ends of a beam ; capita, um, 
pi., Vitr. IV. The pole of a carriage ; temo, onis, m. 
A bar on the beam ; jugum. V. Part of a weaver 't 
loom; jugum. VI. Part of a press ; arbor, oris, m., 
Plin. VII. Any transverse rod or pole; jugum; ra- 

To BEAM. v. n. Radiare, Col. ; radios spargere, Plin. 
BEAMY, a. Radians, Virg. 
BEAN. s. Faba, ae, f. Of or belonging to a bean; 

fabalis ; fabarius ; Plin The husk or shell of a bean ; 

\ siliqua fabalis, Plin. Bean straw ; fabalia, ium, n. pi., 
1 Col Bean flour or meal; lomentum, Plin A kidney- 
bean ; phaseolus. i, m., Virg. 

BEAR. s. Ursus, i, m A little bear; ursulus A 
she-bear ; ursa, ae, f. A bear's cubs ; ursae catuli. Of 
or belonging to a bear ; ursinus. The Bear (as a con- 
stellation) ; Ursa, Oy. ; Arctos, i, f. The greater Bear; 
Ursa, or Arctos, major ; Helice, es, f., Cic. The lesser 
Bear ; Ursa, or Arctos, minor ; Cynosura, ae, f., Cic. 

To B.EAR. v.a. I. To carry; ferre; portare ; ges- 
tare. Thatcannot beborne; ingestabilis, Plin. II. To 
support; sustinere ; sustentare ; ferre ; tolerare. III. 
To endure, suffer, undergo ; pati ; tolerare ; perferre ; 

ferre ; perpeti To bear patiently ; facile pati ; toleran- 

ter, patienter, pacate et moderate, aequo aniino, ferre, 
Cic. To bear hardly ; indigne, aegre, or iniquo animo, 
pati ; moleste, or graviter, ferre, Cic. IV. To permit, 
to suffer without resentment ; sinere ; rem alicui permit- 
tere. V. To be capable of, to admit ; pati The mat- 
ter will not bear delay ; res nullam patitur moram, Ov. ; 
res non recipit cunctationem, Liv Light wines will not 
bear water ; levia vina nihil yalent in aqua, Cic. Not 
able to bear such costs; sumptibus impar. VI. To pro- 
duce (fruit); (fructum) ferre. VII. To bring forth ; 
erre; parere. VIII. See To POSSESS, GAIN, MAIN- 
TAIN ; when the word occurs in either of these significa- 
tions. IX. 1. To bear aid; alicui auxilium, or opem, 
ferre, Caes. 2. To bear arms; see To CARRY, V. 14. 
3. To bear one's setf as ; se gerere (with ut, or pro). 4. 
To bear away or off; rem e loco asportare, exportare, 
auferre ; toliere ; trahere. 5. To bear the blame of a 
matter ; rem aliquem sui periculi facere, Ter. ; crimen 
in se trahere. 6. To bear one company ; comitari ; see 
also, To ACCOMPANY. 7. To bear date ; dari Bearing 
date; cui adscriptus, or appositus, est dies A letter bear- 
ingthe date of Rome ; epistola Rpmaedata. 8. To bear 
down; prosternere ; obruere: (in argument) ; vincere. 
9. To bear good will or respect; animo esse in aliquem 
benevolo ; alicui favere, or studere. 10. To bear a 

frudge or spite ; odisse ; infensum esse ; odio habere. 
1. To bear in mind ; see To REMEMBER. 12. To bear 
out; see To SUPPORT. 13. To bear proportion; pro- 
portionem comparationemque habere, Cic.; consentire, 
Cic.; see also PROPORTION. 14. To bear a price ; pre- 
tium habere. 15. To bear resemblance or likeness ; see 
To RESEMBLE. 16. To bear rule or sway ; dominare ; 
regnare ; imperium exercere. 17. To bear towards ; see 
To APPROACH. 18. To bear up; fulcire ; see also, To 
SUPPORT. 19. To bear with; (amici peccatis) indul- 
gere ; see also, To EXCUSE, PARDON. 20. To bear wit- 
ness ; testari ; testimonium dicere, praebere, reddere, &c. ; 
see also, To TESTIFY. 

To BEAR. v.n. I. To be patient; pati; perpeti; 
patientia uti, Cic. II. To be fruitful or prolific; fruc- 
tum ferre ; or simply, ferre. Cato ; esse fertilem. III. 
To be situate with respect to other places ; situm, or posi- 
tum, esse. IV. To succeed; prospere procedere; ex 
sententia succedere ; bonum exitum habere / bring all 
my designs to bear ; quidquid ago, lepide omnia pros- 
pereque eveniunt, Plaut. ; see also, To SUCCEED. 

BEARD, s. Barba, a?, f. A grey beard ; barba alba, 
Plaut., candidior, Virg A red beard; barba aurea, 
Plin Having a red beard ; aeneobarbus ; ahenobarbus. 
Along beard; barba promissa, Liv., prolixa, Virg 
That has a long beard ; vir barba majore, Cic A young 
or tender beard ; barba incipiens. That has a young 
or tender beard; barbatulus His beard begins to grow ; 
increscit barba genis, Lucan. That has no beard ; im- 
berbis, Cic. That has a large or good beard ; bene har- 
batus, Cic To let the beard grow ; barbam pascere, 
Hor., .pronaittere, Liv., submittere, alere, Sen To 


stroke the beard ; barbam maim mulcere, Ov The 
heard of corn ; aristae, arum, f. pi., Cic An ear of corn 
without a beard ; spica mutica, Varr. 

To BEARD, v. a. I. To take by the beard; alicui 
barbam vellere, Hor. II. To oppose to the face ; os 
alicujus convicio verberare, Cic. ; coram, prcesente ali- 
quo, or in ore alicujus, convicium facere alicui. 

BEARDED, a. I. Said of men; barhatus; bene bar- 
hatus. II. Said of an ear of corn; vallo aristarum 
munita, Cic. III. Said of an arrow ; hamatus, Curt. 

BEAKER, s. Lator ; portitor. Bearer of a litter, fyc. ; 
lecticarius. A water-bearer ; aquarius ; fern., aquae ges- 
tatrix, Val. Max. A letter-bearer; tabellarius, Cic.; 
literarum lator, Sen. A bearer of news; nuntius, Cic. 

BEARING, s. \. Relative situation of a place ; situs, 
fis; positus, us. II. Behaviour; habitus, us; agendi 
ratio ; modus. 

BEAST, s. I. A brute animal ; bestia, as, f. ; pecus, 
udis, f. A little beast ; bestiola, ae, f. A great or enor- 
mous beast ; bellua, ae, f. A tame beast ; bestia cicur. 

A wild beast ; fera bestia, Cic A four-footed beast ; 
quadrupes, edis, f. Beasts of the field or pasture ; 

pecus, oris, n A beast of burden ; jumentum. Beasts 

of burden; veterina? (sc. bestiae, or pecudes), Varr. ; ve- 
t'erina (sc. animalia), Plin. Of or belonging to a beast; 
bclluinus; (of a wild beast) ferinus To expose to the 
beasts ; ad bestias mittere ; feris abjicere, Cic A show 
of wild beasts (fighting) ; ludus bestiarius, Suet. II. 
A stupid person ; stolidus, Liv. ; Ter. ; tarda et languida 
pecus, Cic. 


BEAT. s. i.e. A stroke; ictus, us; percussio. The 
beat of the pulse; venarum pulsus, or percussus, us, 
Plin. The beat of the heart ; cordis palpitatio, Plin. 
At the beat of the drum; ad tympani sonum ; pulsato 

To BEAT. v. a. I. To strike, knock ; ferire ; pul- 
sare ; caedere ; tundere. To beat a drum ; tympanum 
pulsare, or tundere, Ov. ; tympanizare, Suet. II. To 
punish with stripes or blows ; aliquem verberare, caedere, 
percutere, verberibus accipere ; alicui verbera adhibere, 
Cic.; plagas infligere, or imponere, Cic., or inferre, 
Plin. To be beaten ; vapulare ; plagas accipere. III. 
To break to powder ; pinsere ; pilo contundere ; tundere 
aliquid in farinam ; or simply, tundere, Plin. IV. To 
thin by blows; in laminas ducere; tundere. V. To 
strike bushes or ground to rouse game ; feras concur- 
sando excitare ; silvas persultare, Tac., or exagitare, 
Mart. VI. To mix things; rem rei, re, cum re, mis- 
cere, Plin.; rem cum alia commiscere; rem rei admis- 
cere, Cic. VII. To batter with engines of war ; qua- 
tere ; verberare^ VIII. To dash (as water) ; alluere ; 
alludere. IX. To conquer, vanquish (in battle) ; hostes 
caedere, fundere, profligare, or conticere; hostibus cladem 
aflerre ; Cic. To be beaten; fundi fugarique, Liv. j cladem 
accipere. X. To excel, outdo; superare; superiorem 
evadere. XI. To move (the wings) with fluttering agi- 
tation; (alls) plaudere.Virg. ; alas concutere, Claud., ver- 
berare, Plaut., quatere, Virg., plausu premere, Cic. 
XII. I. To beat against (as waves against a rock) ; ad 
scopulum allidi, Caes. ; a saxo frangi, Cic. 2. To beat 
the air; H tus arare. 3. To beat back ; see To REPULSE, 
REPEL. 4. To beat down; see To BATE, DESTROY, 
OVERTHROW. 5. To beat off; depellere; repellere; ar- 
cere ; aliquem a loco removere, or prohibere. 6. To beat 
oni ; see To DRIVE, SPREAD, THRESH. 7. To beat the 
streets ; otiose concursari ; errare. 8. To beat up ; see 

To BEAT, v . n. i. e. To move in a pulsatory manner, 
to throb; micare ; palpitare. The pulse beats; venae 
micant, Cic. The heart beats ; cor palpitat. His heart 
began to beat ; cor ccepit in pectus emicare, Plaut. 

BEATEN. parC. a. Verberatus ; pulsatus ; percussus, Cic. 

Beaten with rods ; virgis cassus, Cic. To be beaten ; 
vapulare; verberari To be beaten to death ; verberibus 
caedi ad necem. That deserves to be beaten ; verberabi- 
lis, Plaut. One that is often beaten ; verbero, onis, m., 

Plaut A weather-beaten ship ; navis tempestate jac- 

tata. A beaten army , ca?sus exercitus, us A beaten 
path or road ; via trita, Cic.. frequens, Ov., Celebris, 
Varr. ; tritum iter, Cic. 

BEATER, s. I. One who beats; qui verberat, &c. ; 
(verberator, Prudent.) A gold-beater; bracceator. 
II. An instrument ; pilum ; pistillum. 

BEATIFIC or BEATIFICAL, a. Beatus ; (beatificus, Apul.). 

BEATIFICATION, s. (In the Romish church; ; alicujus 
in beatorum numerum adscriptio. 

To BEATIFY, v. a. I. To declare publicly that a 
person is received into heaven ; aliquem in numerum 
beatorum referre, or beatorum numero adscribere. 
II. To make happy ; beare ; beatum reddere. 

BEATITUDE, s. (Beatitas ; beatitudo, Cic.) ; felicitas. 

BEAU. s. Trossulus, i. m., Sen. ; Pers. ; ventosus 
juventa et vaniloquus. To act the beau; bellulum sibi 
vidcri ; decus affectare, Plin. 

BBATE&. s. I. A certain animal; castor, Juv. ; 
fiber, Plin. Of a beaver ; castoreus ; fibrinus ; Plin. 


II. A hat; petasus e fibrinis, or castoreis, pilis con- 
textus. III. Part of a helmet ; buccula, Liv 

BEAUTEOUS or BEAUTIFUL, a. I. (Spoken of persons) ; 
pulcher, pulchra ; formosus ; decorus ; speciosus ve- 
nustus ; Cic. - A beautiful youth ; puer egregia forma, 
Cic. , puerinsigmpulchraque facie, Pheedr. _ A beautiful 
woman; insignis forma mulier, Tac. II. (Spoken of 
things); pulcher aspectu, or visu, Cic. ,4 beautiful 

house; prseclara ad aspectum domus, Cic A beautiful 

country ; rus amcenissimum, Cic A beautiful situ 

ccelum serenum. Beautiful words; splendida verbal 
Cic. ; speciosa vocabula, Hor. 
To BEAUTIFY, v. a. Ornare ; exornare, Cic 
BEAUTY, s. I. Assemblage of graces and proportion 
of parts ; pulchritudo, mis, i. ; species ; decor ; forma 
formositas. Finished or perfect beauty ; forma egregia' 
Ter., castigatissima, Cic Female beauty ; venustas.' 

Faded beauty ; forma immutata Slie is a person of 
great beauty ; est mira oris et vultus venustatis ; eximia 

or excellent! formae pulchritudine To be proud of 

one's beauty; forma superbire, Ov Beauty of a 

place; loci amoenitas, Cic. Beauty of colours ; colorum 

gratia, Plin. The beauty of virtue ; recti decor, Ov 

Beauty of expression; verborum splendor, Cic. ; eloquii 
nitor, Ov Beauties of a discourse, of a language 
lepores, urn, m. pi., Cic. II. A beautiful female ; 
formosa puella, or mulier ; forma, Ter. 

To BECALM, v. a. Sedare ; tranquillare ; placare. 

BECAUSE, conj. Quia ; quod ; with an indicative or 
conjunctive : eo quod, with a conjunctive. 

BECAUSE OF. prep. Propter; ob Because of that ; 
propterea ; ob earn causam, or rem ; ea de causa , ideo ; 
idcirco Because of the great numbers ; praa multi- 
tudine, Cic. Because of the hope which he had; a spe 
quam habebat, Liv. Because of me, you, fyc. ; mea, tua 
causa, &c. 

BECK. s. Nutus, us ; signum. 

To BECKON, v. n. Signum dare. (With the hand) ; 
rnanu significare, Sail. 

To BECOME, v. n. Fieri ; evadere. The grape 
becomes red ; uva ruborem trahit, Ov. If a man 
becomes a brute ; si quis ex homine se convertat in 
belluam, Cic. From a poor man he is become rich ; ex 
paupere dives evasit, or factus est He had become a 
good pleader ; is in aliquem patronorum numerum per- 
venerat, Cic. Some men cannot become orators ; 
quidam in oratorum numerum venire non possunt, Cic. 

What will become of me? quid mihi net ? Plaut. ; quid 
me net ? Ter. ; quid de me net ? Cic. 

To BECOME, v. a. I. (Said of persons) ; rei, or ad 
rem, aptum, idoneum, or accommodatum esse. II. 
( Said of things) ; alicui convenire ; cum aliquo congruere 

BECOMING, a. Aptus ; accommodatus ; idoneus ; con- 
veniens ; congruens ; decens. 

BECOMINGLY, ad, Apte ; convenienter ; congruenter ; 
decore ; decenter ; ut decet, Cic. 

BECOMINGNESS. s. Decorum ; condecentia, Cic. 

BED. s. I. Something made to sleep on ; lectus ; torus ; 
cubile, is, n., Cic. A little bed ; lectulus, Cic. A low 
bed ; grabatus, Cic A state bed ; lectus ad speciem pul- 

cherrime ornatus, Cic. A field-bed; lectus castrensis. 

A feather-bed ; culcita plumea, Cic The edge of abed; 
sponda, ae, f., Mart. To make a bed ; lectum sternere, 
To go to bed; cubile inire, Cic. ; lecto se componere, 

Virg To be in bed; cubare ; in lecto esse ; Cic To 

keep one's bed ; in lecto jacere ; lecto detineri, Cic. To 
rise from bed; surgere ; surgere e lecto, Cic. ; surgere 
cubitu, Cato To put (an invalid) to bed ; (aegrotum) 
in cubili collocare, Cic A marriage-bed; lectus 
genialis, or nuptialis, Cic. ; lectus jugalis ; thalamus ; 
cubile, Virg. A bed-curtain ; siparium, Cic. ; sup- 
parium, Juv A bed-post ; columella. II. Marriage ; 
conjugium ; nuptiae, arum, pi. III. The channel of a 
river, or any hollow ; alveus. The Nile overflows its 
bed; effert se Nilus alveo ; extra ripas diffluit. IV. 
Bank of earth raised in a garden ; area ; pulvinus ; Col. 

A little bed ; areola ; pulvinulus ; Col. V. A layer, 
stratum; pulvinus. 

To BEDABBLE or BEDASH, v. a. Madefacere ; aspergere ; 

To BEDAGGLE or BEDASH, v. a. Luto inficere, asper- 
gere, or perfundere, Cic. ; luto conspurcare, Col. 

To BEDAUB, v. a. Cceno oblinere, Cic.; macularc ; 
conspurcare ; deturpare, Suet. 

BEDCHAMBER, s. Conclave, is, n. ; cubiculum ; Cic. ; 
dormitorium, Plin. 

BEDCLOTHES, s. pi. Stragula vestis ; stragulum, Cic. ; 
toral, alis, n., Hor. ; lodix, icis, f., Juv. 

To BEDECK, v. a. Ornare; exornare : decorare ; Cic. 

To BEDEW, v. a. Irrorare ; leni aspergme fovere, Plin. 
Ep. ; leviter aspergere, conspergere. 

BEDFELLOW, s. Lecti socius, or socia ; concubitor 
A troublesome bedfellow ; concubitor inolestus. 

To BEDIM, v. a. Obscurare ; rei obscuritatem aflferre. 

To bedim the light of reason; mentis luminibus 


To BEDIZEN, v. a, Ornare ; exornare. 


BEDPOST, s. Columella, ae, f. 

BEDRID or BEDRIDDEN, a. In lecto jacens, decumbens, 
or detentus, Cic. 

BEDSTEAD, s. Lecti lignea com pages; sponda. The 
feet of a bedstead ; lecti fulcra, Varr., pedes, Colum. 

BEE. j. Apes, or apis, is, f. (gen. pi., apium, or apum). 

A little bee i apicula ; apecula A swarm oj b;cs; 
apum examen. The hum of bees ; bombus, i, m., Plin. 

Bees hum ; stridunt apes, Virg. The sting of a bee ; 
aculeus ; spiculum A humble-bee ; fucus.. 

BEECH. . lagus, i, f. 

BEECHEN. a. Fageus, Plin. ; faginus, Virg. ; fagineus, 

BEEF. s. Bubula, ae, f. (sc. caro) Beef-steak; 
bubula super craticula tosta. 

BEE-GARUEN. s. Alvearium, Col. 

BEEHIVE, s. Apiarium ; alvear, aris, n. 

BEE-MASTER, s. Apiarius, i, m. 

BEER. s. Cervisia, ae, f. ; zythum ; Plin. 

BEET. s. Beta, ae, f. Of beet ; betaceus, Varr Red 
beet, or be-t-root; beta rubra, Plin. 

Bi ETLE. s. 1. An insect ; scarabasus, i, m. II. A 
wooden instrument used by paviors to drive the stones; 
fistuca, Varr. ; pavicula, Col. III. A heavy mallet ; 

To BEFALL, v. n. Contingere ; fieri ; evenire j cadere ; 
accidere ; incidere ; Cic. 

To BEFIT, v. a. Alicui convenire ; cum aliquo con- 
gruere ; apte cadere in rem ; in aliquem quadrare ; decet ; 

To BEFOOL, s. Aliquem infatuare, Cic. 

BEFORE, prep. I. (Relating to place and situation) ; 
ante ; apud ; in ; praatcr ; ob (ace.) : pra ; coram ; sub 

(abi.) Before the eyes of all men ; palam ; propalam ; 

coram omnibus ; omnium ante oculos, in oculis, in con- 
spectu, Cic To speak before a judge ; ad judicem 

dicere, Cic To have a thing always before one's eyes ; 

nunquam a re oculos dejicere, Ov. Place that before 
your eyes; id ante oculos vestros proponite, Cic. / 
have that always before my eyes; id mihi semper obver- 
satur ante oculos, Cic. Not to dare to appear before 
one; alterius ora erubescere, Cic. He forbade him to 
appear before him ; eum in conspectum suum venire 
vetuit, Cic. II. (Relatingtotime) ; ante (ace.) Before 
that ; antequam; priusquam; with a conjunctive. Before 
daylight ; ante lucem Before the appointed day ; 
ante dictam diem, To blossom before the time ; praeno- 
rere, Plin. Combatants drink before the fight ; pugna- 
tores certaturi cyathum unum praesumunt, Plin. He- 
arrived tiro days before me; biduo me antecessit, Cic 
The day before the marriage ; pridie nuptiarum. III. 
(Relating to preference or choice) ; ante ; potius ; citius 
(quam). I V. (Relating to priorityin order or compari- 
son) ; ante; praa. 

BEFORE, ad. I. In front ; a fronte. II. In time 
past; ante ; antea ; prius ; Cic. ; dudum, Ter Long 
before ; longe ante ; multo ante ; Cic. A few days 
before ; paucis ante diebus. 111. To this time, hitherto ; 
usque adhuc, Ter. ; usque ad hoc tempus ; adhuc ; Cic. 
IV. Already ; jam : jam nunc ; jam turn. Of which 
I have spoken before ; dequo praedixi, Veil. 

BEFORE, conj. Antequam ; priusquam ; with a con- 

BEFOREHAND, ad. Ante ; antea ; prius. To be before- 
hand with any one ; alicui antevertere, Ter. ; aliquem 
pra?vertere, Cic. To be beforehand with a thing; rem 
prcevenire, anticipare, or prajripere, Cic. 

BEFORETIME. ad. Quondam, Cic. ; antiquitus, Ca?s. 


To BEFRIEND, v. a. Alicui favere, studere, suffragan, 
adjumento esse ; aliquem adjuvari. 

To BEG. v. a. I. To entreat ; rogare aliquem rem, 

or de re To beg humbly ; summisse alicui supplicare, 

Cic. To beg earnestly ; aliquem obtestare, or obtestari ; 
flagitare rem aliquem, or ab aliquo. I beg and beseech 
you ; omnibus precibus te oro atque obtestor. To beg 
so as to obtain ; rem ab aliquo exorare, Ter. To beg 
pardon ; veniam petere, or poscere. /. beg pardon for 

saying ; pace tua dicam, or dixerim ; bona tua venia 

dicam ; mihi ignoscas, si dixero, Cic. II. To ask on 
behalf of another ; pro altero supplicare. To beg for the 
pardon of another ; gratiam, or vitam, alicujus ab aliquo 
deprecari, Cic. III. To ask alms ; mendicare ; emen- 
dicare, Suet. ; quaeritando colligere. To beg one's bread 
*rom door to door ; panem ostiatim petere, Plant. ; victum 
rogare, Phsedr. IV. To seek or ask for meanly; ac- 
cersere, Cic. V To beg the question ; ponere, or fa- 
cere, rem esse. 

To BEG. v. n. i.e. To go a begging; mendicare; sti- 
pem colligere. To live by begging; mendicantem vi- 
vere, Plaut. ; victum quaeritare. 

To BEGET, v. a. I. Prop. Generare; procreare; 
gignere ; pi oducere. Begotten ; genitus ; prognatus ; 
procreatus. -First begotten; primogenitus Only be- 
gotten; unious ; unigena, ae, c., Cic. ; (unigenitus, Tert.). 


II. F5p. To produce, cause, occasion ; gignere; pro- 
ducere ; eflicere ; atlerre. 

BEGGAR. 5. I. One who lives upon alms ; rrendicus ; 
mendica ; mendicabulum, PLiUt. : the la ter word n.a> be 
applied to rmileor feu.ale beggirs . /J litue 
bej.&ar ; menciiculus. Ii. A petitioner ; rogator, Cic. ; 

To BFGGAR. v. a. Alicui egestatem afferre, Cic. j 
aliquem ad inopiam reciigeie, Ter.; tortuuU evertere; 

bonis exhaurire, i-poliare et nudare, Cic To iie^ar t/ie 

soil ; agrum emacerare, Plin. 

BLGGARLY. a. I. Indigent; inops ; iudigens ; 

egens j rebus omnibus indigens, Cic. , inopia deperuitus, 
Phaedr. II. Mean; vilis j vilis et abjnctui ; lontem- 
nendus ; spernendus ; despcieudus ; com en ptu tiignus. 

BEGGARY, s. Indigentia ; inopia; egestas. 'lo live 
in beggary ; vitam in egestate degere, Cic. Reduced to 
beggary; see BEGGARLY, I To be reduced to beggary ; 
rei familiaris jacturam facere ; bonis exhauriri ; Cic. 

To BEGIN, v. a. and n. hem incipere, cccipere ; intho- 
are ; ordiri. To begin afresh ; redintegiare ; re&umere. 
To begin a quarrel ; initium rixa? facere he began 
the quarrel ; mihi jurgium intulit, Pfoaedr. To begin a 

battle ; initium facere confligendi cum hoste, Cic To 

begin a statue ; signum instituere, Cic To complete 
what one has begun ; rem institutam absolvere Finish 
what you have begun ; pertexe quod exorsus es, Cic. 
Go on as you have begun ; perge ut instil uisti, or quod 
ccepisti, Cic. We have begun badly ; male 
initia, Cic You have begun well; bene habenl libi 
principia, Ter To begin well and end badly ; b >ni in- 
Jtiis ordiri, tristes exitus habere, C\c. Theyhan begi.n 
to ask our opinion; consuli ccepti sumus, Cic. To i/e^in 
matters of importance with calling upon Cod ; ducere 
principia rerum magnarum a Deo, Cic Begin with tell- 
ing me your name ; nomen tuum primum memora rnihi, 
Plaut // was necessary to begin (the discourse) with 

this; hoc necessarium fuit praeloqui, Sen To begin 

teaching ; alicui prima documenta tradere To begin 

learning ; prima documenta accipere To begin a work 

or undertaking ; opus aggredi. To begin to study a sub-' 
ject ; studium ad rem adjungere, Cic. 

BEGINNER, s. I. One who begins ; qui incipit, ini- 
tium facit, &c. II. A novice ; in re rudis et tiro, Cic. 

A beginner in learning or a science ; elementarius, 

BEGINNING, s. I. Commencement; principium \. 
initiam ; orsus, us. The beginning of all things ; rerum 
primordia The beginning of a discourse ; orationis ex- 
ordium, or exorsus, us The beginning of a work ; 

operis incceptio, Cic From the beginning ; ab initio ; a 
principle. At, or in, the beginning ; initio ; principle. 
At the beginning of spring ; ineunte vere, Cic. ; pnmo 
vere. At the beginning of January ; ineunte Januario r 
Cic. The end corresponds to the beginning ; primis 
congruunt ultima. From the beginning to the end; a 
capite usque ad calcem, Plaut. ; a calce ad carceres ; a 
carceribus ad calcem ; Cic. ; a carceribus ad metas, Varr. 

The beginning of a reign ; regni novitas, Virg. II. 
Rudiments ; (scientiae) elementa, prima initia, or rudi- 
menta, n. pi., Cic. III. Origin, cause ; origo ; fons ; 

BEGONE, interj. Abi ; abi in malam rem : abi hinc at> 
oeulis meis, Ter. 

To BEGREASE. v. a. Adipe ungere, or illinere. 

To BEGRIME, v. a. Coeno oblinere ; maculare j con- 

To BEGUILE, v. a. Seducere ; in malum inducere ; in 
fraudem impellere, or illicere ; decipere ; fallere ; in er- 
rorem, or in captionem, inducere ; alicui illudere ; irre- 
tire. To beguile tlie hours ; fallere horas, Ov. 

BEHALF, s. I. In behalf of, i. e. in favour of; ali- 
cujus causa, or gratia On your behalf ; tua causa ; tui 
ergo ; propter te. II. On behalf of, i. e. on the part of; 
alicujus jussu, or nomine. On behatfof the king ; regis 
jussu ; auctoritate regia Call him on my behalf; voca 
ilium meis verbis, Plaut. Salute him on my beha(fj 
hunc meo nomine, or meis verbis, or a me, saluta, Cic. 

To BEHAVE, v. n. Se gerere ; se traetare ; se praa- 
bere ; Cic. 

BEHAVIOUR, s. i. e. Conduct, course .of life ; ratio, Cic. j 
vitae, or vivendi, ratio ; mores. 

To BEHEAD, v. a. Aliquem capite plectere, securi fe- 
rire, or percutere, Cic.; decollare, Sen.; alicui collum 
secare ; caput a cervkibus abscindere, Cic. 


BEHIND, ad. Pone ; retro ; retrorsum ; a tergo 

To look behind ; respicere. 

BEHIND, prep. Post ; pone (ace.). Behind the wall; 
post parietem, Cic. There was a garden behind the 
house; hortus erat posticis aedium partibus, Liv. To 
hide one's self behind another ; alterius corpore se obte- 
gere, Cic. The hands behind the back ; manibus ad 
tergum rejectis ; retortis tergo brachiis, Hor., post terga 

revinctis, Virg To flee without looking behind one ; sine 

respectu fugere, Liv To leave one behind; aliquem 
procul se relinquere, Quint Behind your back ; te au- 


sente ; dam abesses, Cic. Tie left nothing b"hind him at 
his death ; moriens reliqui nihil fecit de bunis, Cic. 

BEHINDHAND, ad To be behindhand with another in 
any respect ; alicui cedere; ab aliquo vinci. To Le be- 
h.'ndhandin the world, i. e. to be in d"bt ; in multis nomi- 
nibus haerere ; reliquiis aeris alien! obstringi, Cic. One 
who is behindhand ; reliquator, Plaut. 

To BEHOLD, v. a. Aliquem, or rem, aspicere ; in ali- 
quera oculos conjicere ; intueri ; contemplari ; conside- 
rare. Fig. ; attento animo, or omni acie ingenii, con- 

BEHOLD, inter} . En ; ecce. 

To BE BEHOLDEN, v. n. Alicui debere gratiam. To 
be beholden to another for one's life ; alterius beneficio 
vivere, Caes. lam beholden to you for it ; muneris id 
tui est. tVe are beholden to y >ufor this invention ; tibi 
hujus rei debetur inventio, Plin. You are beholden to 
my counsels for your fame ; tua laus a meis consiliis pro- 


IT BEHOVES, v.imp. Decet; convenit ; oportet. As 
it behoves ; ut par est. 

BEING, s. I. Existence; exsistentia is not Latin: 
the meaning may be expressed by a verb ; as, These ar- 
guments prove the being of a God ; haec argumenta os- 
tendunt Deum exsistere, or, fidem numinis t'aciunt. 
Things which have being ; res qua? existunt ; ea quaa 
sunt reipsa, or reapse, Cic. We are indebted to God 
for our being ; hoc debemus Deo quod sumus. To give 
being to ; creare. II. That which exists ; natura; res; 
Cic. ; quod est, Quint. Ens is mentioned by Quintilian 
as having been sometimes used ; but it is not found in 
good writers. The Supreme Being ; natura divina. 
Created beings ; res creatae, or a Deo conditae. Ani- 
mate and inanimate beings ; animantia et inanimantia ; 
quae sunt animata et quae anima carent, Sen. 

BEING THAT. conj. Quando ; quoniam; siquidem; 
quandoquidem ; quippe cum, Cic. ; quippe quoniam, 

To BELABOUR, v. a. Plagis liberaliter excipere. 

To BELCH, v. n. Ructare ; eructare ; Cic. ; ructari, 
Varr. To cause to belch ; ructus movere, Plin. 

BELCH, s. Ructus, us, m. 

BELDAM, s. Saga ; venefica, ae, f. 


BELFRY, s. JEris campani turris. 

To BELIE, v. a. I. To counterfeit ; imitatione ex- 
primere, or consequi ; simulare; imitari. II. To slan- 
der ; aliquem calumniari ; falso crimine accusare ; alicui 
falsum crimen objectare ; in aliquem calumniam adhi- 
bere, crimen fingere, falsum crimen contexere, Cic. 
III. To give the. lie ; falsi, or mendacii, aliquem arguere, 
Cic. ; alicui mendacium arguere. To belie one's self i 
pugnantia loqui. If you belie yourself; si te mentiri 
Alicis, Cic. 

BELIEF, s. I. Credence ; fides. To attach belief 
to ; alicui credere, fidem habere, or tribuere ; rei fidem ad- 

jungere; credere. If it be worthy of belief; si credere 

dignum est, Virg. An author worthy o 

luculentus, idoneus, auctor, Cic That exceeds or is 

author worthy of belief ; certus, 

past belief; id excedit fidem, Ov. ; id fidem nullam ha- 
bet, Cic. ; id abhorret a fide, Liv. ; id supra fidem est, 
Quint. Hard of belief; incredulus. Quint. ; qui fidem 
dictis non habet, Cic. ; ad credendum segnis, Liv. Past 
all belief; incredibilis. Easy of belief; credulus. 
II. Persuasion ; sentiment i opinion ; persuasio, Quint. ; 
Tac. ; sententia ; opinio ; Cic. Contrary to general 
belief; praeter omnium exspectationem, Cic. III. 

Religious faith ; fides. The articles of our belief; fidei 
Christianae capita. 

To BELIEVE, v. a. I. To credit a thing upon the 
authority of another ; rem credere ; rei fidem habere, or 
adjungere To believe the testimony of any one ; ali- 
cujus testimonio fidem adhibere, or tribuere. The thing 
was believed ; res habuit fidem, Ov. A thing which will 
not be believed ; res fidei caritura, Plin. Do not believe ; 
ne crede, Virg. ; parcite credere, Ov. To cause an- 
other to believe a thing ; rem alteri persuadere. They 
make the people believe ; opinionem afferunt populo, Cic. 

To make others believe that he feared nothing ; ad spe- 
ciem fiduciae, Hor They will never make^me believe 
it ; nunquam adducar ut id credam, Cic. ; nunquam id 
mihi persuaded poterit, Plin. II. To give credit to a 
person ; alicui credere ; fidei aliciijus credere ; fidem 
alicui habere, ferre, or adjungere. B.-lieve me ; mihi 
crede. They will not believe you ; non facies fidem. 

To BELIEVE, v. n. Credere; existimare; putare; ar- 
bitrari ; opinari ; Cic. / believe firmly ; mihi persua- 
sissimum est, Cic. As is generally believed ; ut creditur ; 
ut opinio est ; Cic. To believe in God ; de Deo credere. 

To believe one's self to be any thing ; putare se aliquid, 
Plin. -To believe one's self lost ; sibi desperare. He 
believed himself honoured ; id honori sibi duxit, Sail. 

BELIEVER, s. Qui credit, &c. A true believer (in a 
religious sense) ; qui religionem. or fidem, suam am- 

BELIKE, ad. Ut videtur. 


BELL. s. 2Es carrpanum ; tintinnabulum. A church 

bell; campana; nola. (in ecclesiastical writers) To rins 

a bell; oescampanum, or tintiim .bulum, pulsare. The 
bell rings ; tintinnabulum pulsatur, sonat, or auditur. _ 
The bell of a flower ; campana, ae, f. (in modern writers). 
Alarm-bell; sens cara^ani crebra citaque pulsatio, or 
sonus citatissimus. To sound the alarm-bell in re 
trepida aeris campani crebro sonitu vocare auxilia. A 
chime of bells ; modulatus aeris campani sonitus ; ad nu- 
meros aeris campani pulsus A ring of bells ; multipli- 
cis aeris campani concentus. To bear the bell ; aliis re 

BELL-CLAPPER, s. Ferrea clava, or tudicula. 
BELLE, s. Formosa mulier, or puella ; quae decus af 

BELLES-LETTRES, s. Literae humaniores. 
BELLIGERENT, a. Bellum gerens. 
BELLMAN, s. i. e. A public crier ; pra?co, onis, m. 
To BELLOW, v. n. Boare ; mugire ; mugitum edere. 
BELLOWING, s. Boatus ; mugitus, us. 
BELLOWS. s. Follis, is, m., Plaut. Forge-bellotos : 
follis tabrilis, Liv. To blow the fire with the bellows ; 
admotis follibus ignem flatu accendere, Curt. 
BELL-RINGER, s. JEris campani pulsator. 
BELLY, s. Venter, tris, m. ; alvus, i, f. A punch- 
belly ; venter obesus, Suet That has a punch-belly ; 

ventriosus, Plaut. ; ventrosus, Plin. ; deformis obesitate 

ventris, Suet The lower belly ; abdomen, inis, n 

To make a god of one's belly ; ventre duci ; gulae parere, 
Hor. To cram one's belly ; ventrem farcire ; ingurgi- 
tare se cibis, Cic. ; onerare se cibo. The belly of a vessel, 
8jc. ; venter, Virg. ; amplitude, Plin.; capacitas, Col. 
To BELLY or BELLY OUT.,^. n. Ventrem fucere. 
BELLY-ACHE. 5. Intestini, or intestini plenioris, mor- 
bus, Cels. ; colum ; tormina, um, n. pi. To have the 
belly-ache ; torminibus aflici, Plin. ; ex intestine ple- 
niori laborare, Cels. 
BELLY-BAND, s, Equi cingula. 
BELLY-BOUND, a. Cui alvus est adstrictior, or con- 

quiescit, Cels. ; cui alvus dura moratur, Hor To be 

belly-bound ; diflficillime excernere, Hor. 
BELLYFUL, s. Satis ; satis superque. 
BELLYGOD. s. Gulae deditus, Ter. ; vorax ; suo natus 
ibdomini, Cic.; gulosus, Sen To be a bellygud ; 
gulae parere ; duci ventre, Hor. 

BELLYWORMS. s. pi. Tineae, taeniae, arum, f. pi.; ventris 
nimalia, Plin. 

To BELONG, v. n. I. To be the property of; ad 
aliquem pertinere ; esse alicujus. These things belong 
to me ; haec mea sunt All that belonged to us ; quse 
nobis erant propria. To belong to any one, i. e. to bs 
among his relatives ; aliquem sanguine attingere, Cic. ; 
aliquem propinquitate, Liv., or propinqua cognatione, 
Curt., contingere. To belong to, i. e. to be among the 
domestics of anyone ; esse in famulatu, Cic. ; aliquem 
ministerio contingere, Liv. II. To have relation to, 
to be in the province or business of ; ad aliquem, ad rem, 
pertinere, or attinere That does not belong to me ; id 
ad me non attinet, Cic This does not belong to you ; 
hoc te nihil contingit, Liv. The command belongs to 
me; summa imperii ad me respicit, Caes This ques- 
tion belongs to philosophy ; haec quaestio circa philoso- 
phiam versatur. III. To befit or becoming; decet ; 
aequum, or par, esse. It does not belong to you to do this; 
hoc praeter aequum facis, Cic It belongs to a wise 
man; sapientis est It belongs to me; meum est ; mcas 
sunt partes, Cic. 

BELOVED, a. Alicui dilectus, Virg. ; carus atque ju- 

cundus, Cic Greatly beloved ; carissimus et amicissi- 

mus. Universally beloved ; universis carissimus, Nep. 

BELOW, prep. I. Under ; sub; subter (ace., abl.); 

infra (ace.) To be below a place ; loco subjacere. 

To come from below the earth ; extra terram emergere, 
Plin. II. Unworthy of ; infra. To regard as below 
im ; alienum dignitate sua ducere, Cic. ; infra se pu- 
tare et judicare, Plin. Ep. To look upon another as 
below him ; aliquem ut imparem spernere, Tac. 
His fortune is below his hopes ; fortuna spei non respon- 
det. III. Less than. Below three years (in age); 
minor quam trimus, Plin. 

BELOW, ad. I. In the lower part ; deorsum ; infra; 
n ima, or inferiori, parte ; inferne, Lucr. II. In the suc- 
ceeding part (of a writing) ; deinde ; postea ; inferius. 
BELT. s. Balteus ; balteum. 

To BEMIRE. v. a. Luto inficere ; cceno aspergcre. 
To BEMOAN, v. a. Deplorare ; deflere ; dolere ; la- 
crymis prosequi ; Cic. See also To BEWAIL. 
BENCH, s. Scamnum. A little bench; scabellum ; 

scabile, is, n (In a court of justice) ; subsellia, orum 

Rower's benches ; transtra, orum, n. pi. 
BENCHER, s. Assessor ; consessor. 
To BEND. r. a. I. To crook, inflect , curvare ; 
.ncurvare ; inflectere ; flectere. To bend th' knees ; ge- 

nua flectere, Ov To bend a branch ; rainum deflec- 

tere, Col. To bend a bow ; arcum curvare, Ov. The 
act of bending; inflexio ; curvatio. Bent; curvatus ; 
"ncuivatus; incurvus Bent forwards; pronus. 


Sent backwards ; recurvus Bent down with years ; 

actate, or annis, gravis. II. To direct to a certain 
point ; dirigere ; versare in, or ad ; convertere ad, or in ; 
intendere ad. To bend the mind to any thing; animum 
ad rera convertere; cogitationes dirigere, Cic. To 
bend one's course ; dirigere cursum ; dirigere se. 
III. To subdue ; alicujus superbiam frangere; aliquem 
deprimere ; Cic. 

To BEND. v. n. I. To be incur v ated ; curvari ; in- 

curvari ; inflecti On bended knees ; flexis genibus. 

II. To lean or jut over; exstare, Caes. : eminere ; pro- 
minere, Plin. III. To be. submissive, to bow; abjicere 
superbiam ; superbiam ponere ; submittere se, Cic. 
I V. To be bent upon any thing ; rei studere, se de- 
dere, studium dare, or se addicere ; ad rem animum 
appellere ; Cic. 

BEND, s. Flexura, Vitr. ; curvamen, Ov. 

BENEATH, prep. I. Under ; see BELOW, I. II. 
Unworthy of ; see BELOW, II. 


BENEDICTION, s. I. Blessing; in aliquem preces,um. 
To pronounce a benediction ; alicui bene precari ; see 
BLESSING. II. Praise, thanksgiving; laus ; gratiarum 

BENEFACTION, s. Beneficium ; benefactum ; officium ; 
meritum ; Cic. See BENEFIT, FAVOUR. 

BENEFACTOR, BENEFACTRESS, s. De altero bene me- 
ritus, merita. Our benefactors; de nobis bene meriti 
homines ; illi a quibus beneficia accepimus ; qui nos 
beneficiis affecerunt, or ornavere, Cic. 

BENEFICE, s. Church living; ecclesiasticum bene- 
ficium (in ecclesiastical writers). 

BENEFICENCE, s. Beneficentia ; benefica voluntas ; 

BENEFICENT, a. Beneficus ; benignus ; Cic. To be 
beneficent ; benigne facere, Cic. 

BENEFICENTLY, ad. Benigne. 

BENEFICIAL, a. Utilis alicui, or ad rem ; fructuosus. 

Very beneficial ; utilissimus ; perutilis ; Cic. Be- 
neficial to the health ; salutaris. That is beneficial to 
your health ; id saluti tuae conducit. To be beneficial ; 
utilitatem habere, or afferre, Cic.; ad rem prodesse, Liv. 

BENEFICIALLY, ad. Utiliter ; (with regard to health), 
salubriter, Cic. 

BENEFIT, s. Beneficium ; benefactum ; meritum ; 
officium. To receive a benefit ; ab altero beneficium 
accipere; beneficio aflid, or or'nari ; Cic. Benefits which 
you have received at my hands ; mea in, or erga, te bene- 
ficia. Benefits which we have received from him ; illius 
erga nos merita. To confer a benefit ; beneficium ali- 
cui dare, tribuere, in aliquem conferre ; aliquem bene- 
ficio aflicere, ornare, complecti, obligare ; aliquem be- 
neficii vinculis adstringere To be forgetful of a benefit 
received ; beneficium comedere, Cic. To be grateful 
for benefits received; gratum et memorem beneficiorum 
se proebere. To recompense one benefit bt/ another ; 
parem gratiam pro beneficio referre ; gratiam gratia 
persolvere ; mutuam gratiam rependere ; Cic. ; mutuum 
gratiam alicui referre, Sail. 

To BENEFIT, v. a. Alicui benigne facere ; alicui 
commodare ; in aliquem beneficia conferre ; 'de aliquo 
bene mereri ; Cic. 

To BENEFIT, v. n. Quantum facere ; ex re utilita- 
tem percipere ; Cic. 

BENEVOLENCE, s. I. Disposition to dp good ; bene- 
volentia. II. The good done ; beneficium; benefac- 
tum ; meritum ; gratia ; officium. 

BENEVOLENT, a. Benevolus ; benevolens ; benignus. 

BENEVOLENTLY, ad. Benevole; benigne. 

To BE BENIGHTED. Nocte opprimi, Cic. ; conjicere se 
in noctem, Caes. 

BENIGN, a. I. Kind ; benevolus ; benignus ; bonus ; 
humanus. II. Wholesome; salubris, Hor. ; salu- 
taris, Cic. 

BENIGNITY, s. i. e. Kindness ; benignitas ; benevo- 
lentia ; humanitas. 

BENIGNLY, ad. Benigne ; benevole ; humaniter. 


BENT. s. I. Curvity, flexure ; flexura ; curvamen. 

II. Declivity; declivitas, Caes.; devexitas, Plin. 

III. Inclination; voluntatis inclinatio ; animi pro- 
pensio. An evil bent ; proclivitas, Cic. ; pronitas, Sen. 

IV. Fixed purpose ; consilium ; propositum. 

To BENUMB, v. a. Torporem obducere. The limbs 
are benumbed with cold ; adstringit membra vis frigoris. 

Benumbed with cold ; frigore, or gelu, rigens ; frigore 
confectus, Cic. ; gelu torridus, Liv. 

To BEQUEATH, v. a. Hem alicui testamento legare, 
relinquere, Cic. 

BEQUEST, s. Legatum To make a bequest ; lega- 
tum alicui scribere, Plin. Ep. 

To BEREAVE, v. a. Aliquem re privare, or orbare. 

BEREAVED or BEREFT, a. Re privatus, orbus, or orba- 

tus. Bereft of reason ; ratione destitutus, Cic Bereft 

of aid; auxilii inops, Liv., orbus, Piin. 

BEHGAMOT. s. , Pirum Syrium, Virg. ; pirum bergo- 



BERRY. *. Bacca, &, f. A blackberry; morum, i, 
n. Bearing berries ; baccifer. 

BERYL, s. Beryllus, i, in., Plin. 

To BESEECH, v. a. See To BEG, I. II. 

To BESEEM, v. a. Alicui convenire ; cum aliquo con- 
gruere ; decet. 

To BESET, v. a. I. To hem in, surround, inclose ; 
aliquem circumsistere, circumstarej alicui circumfundi ; 
rem re circumdare, cingere, ambire ; Cic. II. To em- 
barrass, perplex ; turbare ; negotium alicui facessere. 

BESIDE or BESIDES, prep. I. At the side of, near ; 
prope (ace.) ; prope a, or ab (abl.); juxta; propter; se- 
cundum (ace.). II. Over and above ; prater (ace.). 
III. Beyond, out of. Beside himself; animi impos ; 
animi impotens ; impotenti animo ; suae mentis non com- 
pos, Cic. 

BESIDE or BESIDES, ad. Praeter haec, Plaut. ; praeterea ; 
insuper ; accidit eo quod ; Cic. ; hue adde quod, Liv. ; ad- 
jice quod (with an indicative), Sen. 

To BESIEGE, v. a. I. Prop. Urbem obsidere, ob- 
sessam, or interclusam, tenere; vallo et fossa circum- 
dare ; castris, or operibus munitionibusque, sepire, Cic. ; 
urbem obsidione, or oppidum copiis, cingere, Liy- ; ad- 
mceniare, Plaut. The act of besieging ; obsessio, Cic. 
The art of besieging ; scientia oppugnationis, Cast. 
II. Fig. Circumsistere, Caes. ; circumvenire, Hor. ; 
distinere, Tac. 

BESIEGED, part. a. Obsessus ; circumsessus ; circum- 
datus ; circumseptus ; circumclusus ; interclusus ; Cic 
To be besieged; obsessum teneri ; ab hostibus circumsi- 
deri, Cic Fig. Besieged by a crowd of people ; circumre- 
titus frequentia populi, Cic. 

BESIEGER, s. Obsidens The besiegers ; obsessores, 
um, pi., Liv. 

To BESMEAR, v. a. Inquinare ; fccdare ; spurcare ; 
conspurcare ; contaminare. 

BESOM, s. Scopae, arum, f. pi. A little besom ; sco- 
pula?, arum, Col. 

To BESOT, v. a. Hebetem, or barbarum ac stupidum 
reddere, Cic.; mentem obtundere, Lucr To be be- 
sotted: obbrutescere, Lucr. ; hebetem, or bardum, fieri, 

To BESPANGLE, v. a. Ornare bracteolis. 

To BESPATTER, v. a. Aliquem luto aspergere, per- 
fundere, inficere, Cic., conspurcare, Col. 

To BESPEAK, v. a. I. To order or secure before- 
hand; rem sibi providere. II. To entreat or gain be- 
forehand i praerogare ; ante conciliare ; anteoccupare. 
III. To betoken, show ; ostendere ; significare ; de- 
clarare ; patefacere ; indicare ; monstrare. 

To BESPRINKLE, v. a. Aspergere ; conspergere- 

BEST (superl. of Good), a. Optimus; potissimus. 

BEST (superl. of Well), ad. Optime; potissime; po- 


To BESTIR ONE'S SELF. v. r. Moveri ; se movere. 
Not to bestir one's self at all in a matter j ne digitum 
quidem in rem porrigere, Cjc. 

To BESTOW, v. a. I. To give ; rem alteri dare, or 
largiri ; aliquem res, or rem alicui, donare.. II. To 
grant, not to withhold; dare; concedere. III. To 
apply, 'lay out; rem alicui, or ad rem, applicare, appo- 
nere, or admovere, Cic To bestow one's thoughts or 
attention upon ; rei, or ad rem, animum applicare ; ad, 
rem se conferre, or mentem appellere ; in re animum po- 
nere, Cic. IV. 1. To bestow a kindness ; alicui gra- 
tiam dare ; de aliquo bene mereri ; beneficium alicui 
dare, tribuere, in aliquem conferre ; aliquem beneficio 
afficere ; Cic. 2. To bestow pains ; rei se dedere', in, or 
ad, rem incumbere ; in re operam, or studium, ponere ; 
operam rei dare, or impendere. 

To BESTOW ONE'S SELF. v. r. In re versari. See 
above, To BESTOW, IV. 2. 

To BESTRIDE, v. a. (A horse) ; (equo) insidere. 

To BESTUD. v. a. Clavis ornare. 

BET. s. Sponsio He has lost a great bet ; grand! 

sponsione victus est, Auct. ad Her. 

To BET. v. n. Pignore certare, Virg. ; aliquem spon- 
sione lacessere, Cic. ; cum aliquo sponsionem facere, Plin. 



To BETIDE, v. n. Contingere ; fieri ; evenire ; oa- 
dere ; accidere \ incidere Woe betide you ! abi in ma- 
lam rem. 

BETIMES, ad. Mature ; cito. 

To BETOKEN, v. a. I. To mark, show; ostendere ; 
significare; declarare; patefacere ; indicare ; monstrare. 
II. To foreshow ; praenuntiare ; przesignificare ; por- 
tendere ; Cic. 

To BETRAY, v. a. I. To deliver by treachery ; ali- 
quem prodere, insidiqse tractare. To betray the cause 
of a client; praevaricari, Cic To betray a secret; 
amici arcana prodere, Plin., or in lucem proterre, Cic. 
II. To show, indicate ; ostendere ; significare ; dec!a- 
rare ; patefacere ; indicare ; monstrare. 



BETRAYER, s. Proditor ; perfidus homo ; perfidiosa 
Tnulier; Cic. 

To BETROTH. t. a. Aliquem, or aliquam, spondere, 
Plant., or despondere, Cic. 

BETTER (compar. of Good), a. Melior, melius ; po- 
tior, potius. 

BETTER (compar. of Well), ad. Melius; potius; 

To BETTER, v. a. Meliorem facere ; augere ; augere 
et amplificare ; promovere To better one's self; pro- 
ferre se, Plin To better one's fortune ; rera augere ; 
rem familiarera exaggerare, Cic., or ampliare, Hor. 

BETTERS, s. pi. Superiores, pi. ; qui aliis prsesunt, 
praeficiuntur, przeponuntur. 

BETTOR, s. Qui pignore certat. 

BETWEEN or BETWIXT, prep. Inter Between our- 
selves ; quod inter nos liceat dicere, Cic. A great 
friendship exists between us; mini cum illo amicitia 
magna intercedit, Cic There is this difference between 
a father and a master ; J.IQC plater et dominus interest, 
Plaut. To be between; interjacere. The nose is be- 
tween the eyes; nasus oculis interjectus A space be- 
tween; intervallum, Plin.; quod interest spatii, Cic. 
N. B. Inter is often used, in composition, to denote 
the space between two things of the same kind ; as, The 
space between two worlds ;. intermundium. That is 
between ; intermedius ; interjectus. 

BEVERAGE, s. Potio ; fig., poculum. 

BEVY. s. Congregatio ; ccetus, us ; congressus, us ; 
circulus, i, m. ; grex ; chorus. 

To BEWAIL, v. a. Alterius vicem dolere, de casu flere, 
calamitatem deflere, or lugere, casum deplorari, calami- 
tati illacrymari, Cic To bewail one's death ; mortem 
lacrymis prosequi. 

To BEWARE, v. n. Aliquem, or ab aliquo, cavere, 
Cic. ; rem, or a re, se abstinere. 

To BEWILDER, v. a. I. To cause one to lose his 
way ; a via, or a recto itinere, deducere ; extra viam de- 
clinare. II. To puzzle, mislead ; turbare ; in errorem 
inducere ; alterius consilia disturbare, or frangere, Cic. 

BEWILDERED, part. I. That has lost his way ; de- 
vius ; errabundus ; errans. II. Perplexed, at a loss; 
impeditus ; incertus quid agat, Ter. ; sui anxius ; con- 
silii ambiguus, Tac. 

To BEWITCH, v. a. I. To injure by witchcraft; 
fascinare, Virg. ; incantare, Plin To bewitch the mind; 
sanos sensus magicis artibus avertere,Virg. Bewitched; 
fascinatus, Plin. ; incantatus, Hor. / am so bewitched 
that I do not know myself; delinitus sum profecto ita, ut 
me qui sim nesciam, Plaut. II. To charm; aliquem 
suaviter permulcere, ad se rapere, fllecebris delinire, or 
irretire, Cic. To be bewitched; capi et deliniri, Cic. 


BEWITCHING, a. i. e. Charming ; qui permulcet, &c. ; 
jucundissimus ; quo nihil jucundius. 

BEWITCHINGLY. ad. Jucundissime. 

To BEWRAY, v. a. Ostendere ; significare ; declarare ; 

BEYOND, prep. I. On the farther side of; trans ; 
ultra ; (and sometimes, though rarely, super, extra, pra- 
ter). Beyond sea; transmarinus. To go or travel 
beyond ; transire ; transgredi To go beyond, i. e. to 
overreach ; circumvenire ; decipere. To go beyond, i.e. 
to excel ; praastare ; superare ; anteire ; antecellere. 
II. Above, past ; supra; praeter ; extra; ultra Beyond 
measure; supra modum. III. Remote from ; extra. 

BEYOND, ad. Supra; ulterius ; porro. 

BEZEL or BEZIL. s. Pala, ae, f., Cic. ; funda, ae, f., 

BIAS. s. i. e. Propension, inclination ; animi propen- 
sio ; yoluntatis inclinatio ; Cic. An evil bias ; ad malum 
proclivitas, or pronitas, Cic.; Sen. 

To BIAS. v. a. Animum alicujus inclinare ; aliquem 
acl rem impellere, incitare, or excitare, Cic. 

Jim. s. Pectoralis fascia ; pectorale linteum. 

BIHBER. *. i. e. A tippler ; potor ; potator ; (bibax, 
Ni-kl. ap. Cell.; bibitor, Sidon.). 

BIBLE, s. Biblia, orum, n. pi. ; sacri codices ; paginal 
sacr.'o ; sacraS litera? ; sacra scriptura, or sacrae scripturae 
(in ecclesiastical writers). 

BntLiCAL. a. Ad biblia, sacras scripturas, &c., per- 

BIBULOUS, a. Bibulus, Virg. ; Ov. ; Plin. 

To BICKER, v. n. llixari ; jurgio, or verbis, conten- 
derc ; certare ; Cic. 

BICKERING, s. Contentio; rixa; jurgium; altercatio; 

BICKERN. s. Bicornis incus, tulis, f. 

ISi'.'ouN. a. Bicornigor ; bicornis ; Ov. 

To BID. v. a. !. To ask, invite; invitare (ad cce- 
nam,. ad prandium). II. To command, order; rem 
alicui imperaro, or prascipere ; juberc, followed by an 
;u-cu,:itivc and infinitive, ut.with a conjunctive, or a con- 
junctive without ut; also by the infinitive passive, as, 
jussit homines occidi. III. To offer a price ; liccri, Cic.; 
C;fs. ; licitari, PSaut. IV. 1. To bid adieu or fare- 
well; alicui valedicere / have bidden adieu to them; 

eos valere jussi ; extremam salutem illis nuntiavi ; illis 
plurimam salutem dixi ; Cic. To leave without bidding 
adieu ; insalutatum linquere,Virg. To bid adieu to, i. e. 
to renounce, give up; rei nuntium remittere, renuntiare, 
salutem dicere, Cic. 2. To bid defiance.; provocare. 3. 
To bid fair ; exspectationem sui movere, commovere, 
facere, Cic. A youth who bids fair to make a great 
man; eximia spe, or prasditus summa spe, adolescens 

BIDDER, s. (At an auction); licitator, Cic. To be 

the be$t bidder ; licitatione vincere To sell to the best 

bidder ; plurimi, or pluris, licitanti rem addicere, Liv 

It has been sold to the best bidder ; res augenti pretium 
cessit, Plin. 

BIDDING. *. I. Command, order; jussum ; manda- 
tum To do the bidding of another ; alterius mandata 
exsequi, or peragere, Ov. II. Qffer at an auction; 
licitatio, Cic. 

To BIDE. v. a. and n. See To ABIDE. 

BIENNIAL, a. Biennis, e. 

BIER. s. Feretrum, Plin. ; lectica, Nep. ; sandapila, 
Mart. ; Suet, (perhaps an inferior kind of bier). 

BIFORMED. a. Biformis, e, Ov. ; Tac. 

BIFURCATED, s. Bifurcus, Ov. 

BIG. a. I. Great in bulk, large; magnus ; ampins ; 
crassus A big man; homo crassus. Ter., corpulentus, 
Quint. A big woman; obesa mulier. A big book; 
crassum volumen, Mart As big as ; instar To grow 
big; augescere ; accrescere ; crassescere ; in crassitudi- 
nein excrescere ; in amplitudinem adolescere. Big with 
child; gravida, gravis, praegnans (mulier) To be big 
uith child; ferre ventrem, Varr., uterum, Liv., par- 
turn, Plin. II. Great in spirit, haughty; ferox (in 
good or bad sense); superbus ; arrogans (in a bad sense). 
To talk big; jactare ; grandia verba efferre ; ampullas lo- 

qui. To :look big ; despicere ; despectare, Cic Big with 

pride ; humidus To be big with expectation ; magna 

in spe esse, Cic. ; spem bonam habere, Caes To be big 
with a project ; rem animo agitare, or meditari, Cic. ; 

magna moliri Big with fate; decretorius, Sen. ; fata- 

lis, Ov. ; Virg. Big with ruin ; calamitosus, Cic. 

BIGAMIST, s. Geminis illigatus nuptiis. 

BIGAMY, s. Iterates nuptiae, arum, f. pi. 

BIGGIN, s. I. A child's cap; linea puellorum calan- 
tica. II. A coffee pot ; cucuma coquendo cafaeo 


BIGNESS, s. Magnitude ; amplitudo ; crassitudo ; cras- 
samentum, Col. 

BIGOT, s. Superstitiosus. 

BIGOTED, a. Superstitione afflatus. 

BIGOTRY, s. Superstitio. 

BIG-SWOLN. a. Tumidus ; turgidus : inflatus. 

BILE. s. Bilis, is, f., Cic. To purge the bile ; bilem 
trahere, extrahere, detrahere, purgare, Plin. To move 
one's bile, i. e. to enrage ; alicui stomachum movere ; 
iratum facere ; ad iracundiam incitare ; Cic. ; ira incen- 
dere, Plaat., or afficere, Tac. 

To BILGE, v. n. i.e. To spring a leak ; undam acci- 
pere, Virg. ; undis viam praebere, Ov. 

BILIOUS, a. Biliosus, Cels. 

To BILK. v. a. Aliquem frustrari, or fraudare, Cic. ; 
aliquem mercede pacta destituere, Hor. 

BILL. s. I. The beak of a fowl ; rostrum, Cic. ; ros- 
tellum, Col. II. A kind of hook ; falx, cis, f., Cic.; 
falcula, Col.; (falcicula, Pallad.). III. A law presented, 
but not yet passed ; lex To bring in a bill; legem ferre, 
or rogare, Cic. To carry a bill through ; legem per- 
ferre, or ferre, Cic. To adopt or pass a bill; legem 
sciscere, jubere, accipere, Cic To throw out a bill; 
legem repudiare, antiquare, Cic. Observe, these phrases 
relate to the ancient method of making laws in the 
Roman comitia : with reference to the British parliament 
we may speak more correctly as follows : To bring in a 
bill ; ad senatum referre ; legem rogare. The bill is 
passed ; lex a senatu admissa, comprobata est The bill 
was thrown out ; senatus legem propositam rejecit. 
IV. A written paper of any kind; scheda, Cic. ; sche- 
dula, Plin. ; tabella. A bill of debt or obligation ; chi- 
rographus ; syngraphus ; syngrapha ; cautio ; chirogra- 
phi cautio ; Cic. ; Plaut. To draw a bill ; syngrapham 
conscribere, Plaut. To give a bill ; mittere cautionem 
syngraphi. To demand payment of a bill, or to present 
for payment ; postulare pecuniam ex syngrapha, Cic. 
A bill of exchange, bank bill ; tessera nummaria, or ar- 
gentaria. A bill, i.e. a placard; libelli, orum; pro- 
scripta tabula ; Cic To put a bill upon a house to let ; 
aides proscribere, Cic. A bill of fare; perscripta r<m- 
vivii ratio; dbariorum tabella. A bill of costs ; tabula 
impensarum. A bill of entry ; tabella mercium inscnp- 

tarum A bill of lading ; chirographus quo navis onus 

declaratur. A bill of parcels; mercium et pretiorum 
index. A bill in chancery ; actio in curia cancellaru il- 
lata. A bill of divorce; repudium uxori missum ; di- 
vortii libellus. Bills of mortality ; tabulffi mortuales, or 

To BILU v. n. Mutua oscula adjungere. 

BILLET. . I. A note; literulae, arum, pi., Cic. 



flehedula, Plin. ; epistolium, Catull. Billets doux ; lite- J 
r amatoriae ; blandae tabellae ; Propert. II. A ticket ; 
tessera. III. A log of wood ; stipes, itis, m. ; truncus, 
Hor. ; caudex, icis, m., Cell. 

BILLIARDS, s. pi. Ludusin quo super mensam globuli 
clavis impelluntur. To play at billiards ; clavis globules 
impellere A billiard -table ; mensa oblonga viridi in- 
trata panno. To strike the balls twice, or the (wo balls 
together ; ictu gemino globulum trudere, utrumque 
globum clava percutere. 

BILLOW, s. Fluctus, us ; unda. Sunk in, or over- 
whelmed by, the billows ; mediis in fluctibus submersus, 
Virg. ; haustus mari, Liv. To calm or assuage the 
billows ; fluctus motos componere, Virg. 

BILLOWY, a. Undosus ; undans. 

BILL-STICKER, s. Qui libellos ad postes et liminapub- 
lica aifigit. 

BIN. 5. Area ; capsa. 

To BIND. v. a. I. To tie; ligare ; alligare; colli- 
illigare ; religare ; constringere ; vincire. To 
'nd any one ; aliquem vincire, or vinculis adstringere, 
constringere, colligare. To bind to a post ; ad palum 
alligare, Cic. To bind hand and foot ; constringere 
quadrupedem, Ter. II. To oblige; obligare, Liv.; 
conditionibus adstringere, Cic. ; cpgere aliquem facere, 
ut facial; alicui necessitatem faciendi imponere, Cic. 

To be bound to do any thiny ; re, de re, facienda, 
ad rem faciendam, teneri, Liv. To be bound to obey 
the laws ; legibus teneri, or adstringi, Cic. To be 
bound by oath ; voto teneri, Cic. You are bound to do 
this; tuumest hoc munus ; tuae sunt partes ; tuumestid 
facere, Cic. III. To render costive ; alvum adstringere, 
Cels., or cohibere, Plin. IV. 1. To bind a book ; 
librum compingere. To bind in calf ; librum vitulino 
corio convestire, or contegere. In vellum ; mernbrana 
integere / will take care that the book shall be well 
bound; mini erit curae liber ut concinnus sit, Cic 
2. To bind apprentice ; tradere tironem praeceptis im- 
buendum, or in artem et disciplinam, Cic. 3. To bind 
over ; aliquem vadari.Cic. 

BINDER, s. (Of books); librorum concinnator ; qui 
libros compingit. 
BINDING, s. I. A bandage ; fascia ; pittacium, Cels. 

II. The act of binding a book ; libri compactio, or 
coagmentatio. III. That with which a book is bound ; 
additalibro vestis. 

BINDWEED, s. A pi 'ant ; convolvulus, i, m., Plin. 

BIOGRAPHER, s. Qui vitam alicujus scribit, describit. 

BIOGRAPHY, s. Vita; narratio, or descriptio. (Biographia 
is not Latin.) 

BIPED, a. Bipes, edis. 

BIPEDAL, a. Bipedalis, e, Gas. ; bipedaneus ; bipedanus, 

BIPENNATED. a. Bipennis, e, Plin. 

BIRCH or BIRCH-TREE, s. Betula, ae, f. 

BIRD. s. Avis, is, f., Cic. ; volucris, is, f., Ov. ; ales, 
itis, m., Plin. A little bird; avicula, Cell. Birds ; 
bestiffi volatiles, Cic. A bird of passage ; avis peregrina, 
advena, Plin., hospita, Stat. A bird of prey ; acci- 
piter, tris, m., Cic. A decoy-bird ; avis illex ; allector, 
Col A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush ; spem 
pretio non emo ; quicquid possim, malo ferre in prae- 

sentia, Ter Birds of a feather flock together ; semper 

graculus assidet graculo ; simile gaudet simili ; pares 
cum paribus facile congregantur To kill two birds with 
one stone ; duos parietes de eadem fidelia dealbare, Cur. 
in Cic. Ep. 

To BIRD. v. n. Aves aucupare ; aucupare ; aucupari. 

BIRDCAGE, s. Aviarium, Cic. ; ornithon, onis, m.,Varr. 

BIRDCALL, s. Calamus illex. 

BIRDER, s. I. One who catches birds ; qui aves 
captat ; auceps. II. One who sells birds; qui aves 
educit et vendit. 

BIRDING. s. Aucupatio; aucupium. 

BIRDLIME, s. Viscus, i, m., Plaut. ; viscum, i, n., 
Plin. To smear with birdlime ; visco oblinere. 
Smeared with birdlime ; viscatus. To stick in bird- 
lime ; in visco inhaerescere, Cic. 

BIRTH, s. I. The act of coming into life ; ortus, us ; 
nativitas The hour of one's birth ; hora natalis By 

birth ; natu. Citizens by birth ; cives nati That is 

from one's birth; genitivus Deaf from his birth; 
naturaliter surdus, Plin. II. The act of bringing 
forth; partus, us; parturitio. An untimely birth; 
abortus, us. To cause untimely birth ; abortum facere. 

III. Extraction, lineage ; locus ; genus, eris, n., Cic. ; 
natales, ium, pi., Tac Of good birth; bono genere, 
honesto loco, ex hpnesta familia, natus, Cic. Of very 
high birth ; amplissimo loco natus, Cic. ; clarus origine, 
or natalibus, Ov. Of low or mean birth ; homo obscurus, 
or infimo loco natus ; filius terrae, Cic. ; modicus origine, 
Tac. IV. Rise, beginning ; ortus, us ; origo ; initium. 

To give birth to ; gignere ; producere ; efficere ; 
parere ; ingenerare ; initium ponere- 

BIRTHDAY. s. Dies natalis, Cic. ; natalis, is, m. ; 
natale, is, n., Hor. To give an entertainment on one's 
birthday; am icis natalicia dare, Cic. 


BIRTHPLACE, s. Humus natalis ; natale solirm, Or. 

BIRTHRIGHT, s. JEtatis prasrogativa, Ulp, tPrimoge- 
nitura is not Latin.) 

BISCUIT, s. Copta duciaria, Mart Sea biscuit; 

panis nauticus. 

To BISECT, v. a. Bipartiri ; bipartire 

BISHOP, s. Episcopus. 

BISHOPRIC, s. Episcopatus, us That city hat a 
bishopric ; in ea urbe est episcopalis sedes. 

BISSEXTILE. *. Bissextus, i, m., Pand. ; dies interca- 
laris, Plin. (Applied to the leapyear) ; annus interca- 
laris; (annus bissextus, Augustin.). 

BIT. s. I. A small piece of any thing ; pars ; parti- 
cula, Cic. A bit broken off'; fragmentum. A bit of 

bread; frustum A bit of meat; oflella, Col. ; offula, 

Mart. In bits; frustatim, Plin. In little bits; frustil- 
latim, Plaut. ; minutatim, Catull Titbits ; scitamenta, 

orum, n. pi., Plaut Not a bit; nihilo. II. Part of 

a bridle ; frenum, Cic. ; frena, orum, n. pi., Virg. ; freni, 
orum, m. pi A bit armed with prickles or jags; lupati, 
pi. (sc. freni) ; lupata, pi. (sc. frena), Mart. To bite 
on the bit ; frena domare, Plaut. 

To BIT. v. a. Equo frenum indere. 

BITCH, s. Canis, is, f. A little bitch ; catella. 

To BITE. v. a. I. To crush with the teeth ; mordere 
(momordi, morsum), Cic. ; admordere ; morsu appre- 
hendere, or corripere, Plin To bite a hook (as a fish) ; 
hamum vorare, Plin. II. To gnaw ; rodere, corrodere. 

To bite at ; arrodere To bite off; abrodere, Plin. ; 

derodere, Cic. ; erodere, Col To bite round ; obrodere, 
Plaut. ; circumrodere, Plin. To bite one's nails ; ungues 
rodere, Hor. ; ungues dentibus corrumpere, Propert. 
III. To pinch (as cold); mordere; urere. IV. To 
rail at; mordere; dictis mordere; maledico dente 
carpere ; iniquo dente mordere, Ov. ; mordere opprobriis, 
Hor. V. To vex, annoy ; mordere; urere. VI. To 
cheat ; see To CHEAT. 

BITE. s. I. The act of biting ; morsus, 6s. II. 
Piece bitten off; bolus, i, Ter. ; buccea, ae, Suet. A 

little bite ; buccella, ae, Mart To make but one bite 

of a cake ; totam simul placentam absorbere, Hor. 

BITING, a. I. Prop. Mordax. II. Fig. Mordax ; 
aculeatus; acerbus. Biting words; verborum aculei, 
Cic. ; mordacia dicta To attack with biting words ; 
aculeos in aliquem emittere, Cic. ; aliquem dictis mordere, 
Ov. ; aliquem verbis amaris incessere, Sil. Ital Biting 
jests ; acerbae facetiae ; facetiae asperiores, Cic. 

BITTER, a. I. Having a hot, acrid, biting taste; 

amarus ; amarulentus, GeTl. ; gustui acerbus, Cic 

Bitter as gall; felleus, Plin. Somewhat bitter; sub- 
amarus To be very bitter; multam amaritudinem 
habere, Plin. To grow bitter ; inamarescere, Hor. 
To render bitter ; amarum facere, Cic. ; alicui amaritiem 
miscere, Catull. II. Sharp, cruel, severe; aoerbus ; 
asper ; Cic. ; amarus, Virg Bitter in scolding ; acerbus 
in vituperando, Cic. A bitter reprimand; acerba 
monitio, Cic Bitter words ; amara dicta, Ov. ; ver- 
borum aculei, Cic. Bitter jests ; sales felle suffusi, Ov., 
amari, Quint. ; acerbae facetiae ; facetiae asperiores, Cic. 
III. Grievous; acerbus; luctuosus ; Cic. 

BITTERLY, ad. Acerbe et aspere, Cic. To scold 

bitterly ; aliquem asperioribus verbis castigare, Cic 

To grieve or weep bitterly for the death of any one ; 
alicujus in funere lacrymas plurimas effundere, Cic. ; 
mortem multo fletu prosequi. Curt. 

BITTERN, s. Ardeola (ae, f.), asterias (ae, m.), Plin.: 
ardeola is feminine, and asterias masculine ; the words 
are placed in apposition. 

BITTERNESS, s. I. Bitter taste; amarities, ei, f., 
Catull. ; amaritudo, inis, f., Plin. ; amaror, oris, m., 
Virg. II. Malice, ill will; acerbitas, Cic. ; amaritudo, 
Plin.; fel, fellis, n., Plaut. III. Sorrow; animi 
dolor ; aerumna ; Cic. 

BITUMEN, s. Bitumen, inis, n., Virg Of bitumen; 

bitumineus, Ov. 

BITUMINOUS, a. Bituniinatus, Plin. ; bituminosus, 

BIVALVE, a. Biforis, e. 

To BLAB. v. a. Rem pervulgare, in vulgus edere, 
efferre foras, effutire. 

To BLAB. v. n. Inepte garrire ; effutire ; blaterare. 

BLAB or BLABBER, s. Ineptus blatero, onis ; lingua 
immodicus, Tac. ; loquax, Cic. 

BLABBER-LIPPED, a. Labeosus, Lucr. ; labeo, onis, 
m., Plin. 

BLACK, a. I. Prop. Ater ; niger. Of a black hue; 

atricolor, Plin To become black; nigrescere, Plin 

The black art; necromantia, Cic, ; ars magica; magia ; 
Plin. II. Dark, obscure ; opacus; obscurus. III. 
Dismal, mournful ; maestus ; tristis Black looks ; su- 

IV. Horrible t 
V. Black and 

percilium, Lucr. ; tristis frons, Tibull. 

atrocious ; teter ; nefandus ; atrox. 

blue ; lividus, Hor. ; livens, Ov. _ To be black and blue; 

livere. To beat black and blue ; sugillare. 

BLACK. 5. Ater, or niger, color Clothed in black ; 

atratus, Cic To dye black ; nigro colore inficere, Plin. 
To distinguish black from white ; alba et atra dis- 



rorr.ere, Cic. Lamp-black or smoke-Mack ; fuligo, inis, 
f P ::uit. In !il nek and irhite ; scri|>tus. To set down 
in ht.ictc an t trtii/c ; litcris mandare, Cic. 'Do look 
bla:k upan any one ; aegris oruiis aspici-re, Tac. ; atiimo 
iniqii:) infestoqne inlueri, Cic. Black with crimes; 
tu.iculosus ; omnium scelerum maculis notissimus, Cic. 
BLACKAMOOR, s. Nigrita, ae, in., Plin. 
BLACKBERRY. *. Morum, i, n. A blackberry bush ; 
morus, i, f. 

BLA KBIRD. s. Merula, ae, f., Cic. 
To BLACKEN, v. a. i. To blade, make black ; deni- 
grare ; nigro c >lore inficere ; rei nigrorem in.tucere, ni- 
gritiam afferre, Plin. Blackened ; nigrocolore infectus. 
Blackened with smoke; fumo fcedus, Hor. II. To 
obscure ; obseurare ; rei caliginem indueere, noctem, or 
tenehras, obducere, or offundere, Cic. The sin/ 
blackens ; nubilat ae'r ; nubibus cesium obtingitur. 1 1 i. 
To defame; alicui iufamiam inurere, Cic.; alicujus 
famam inquinare, Liv. 

BLACKGUARD, s. Bala*-o, Varr. ; homo triboli. Plaut. ; 
homo nihili ; vilis homuncio, Cic. 
BLACKING, s. Atramentum. 
BLACKISH, a, Nigellus, Veil. ; subniger, Plaut. 
BLACKNESS, s. Nigror ; nigritia ; nigritudp, Plin. ; 
nigrities, ei, f., Cels. To gather blackness ; nigrescere. 
BLACKPUDDING, s. Botulus ; botellus, Mart. 
BLACKSMITH, s. Faber ierrarius ; ferramentorum 

BLADDER, s. Vesica, ae, f. A little bladder : vesicula, 
ae, f. 

BLADE, s. I. The sharp part of a weapon; lami- 
na, Tic.; laiima, Vitr A little blade ; lamella, Sen 

The blade of a sword; gladii lamina The shoulder 
blades or blade-nones ; scoptula operta, orum, n. pi. ; 
omoplatae, arum, f. pi., Cels. II. Spire of grass, 
green shoot of corn; caulis, is, m. ; scapus ; culmus ; 
calamus. To come in blade ; caulem emittere ; de- 
caulescere, Plin. III. (Facetiously) ; An old or cunning 
bla'le ; veterator. A young blade ; trossulus. 

BLAMABLE or BLAMEWORTHY, a. Accusabilis, accu- 
sandus; vituperabilis ; reprehensione dignus, Cic.; vi- 
tuperandus, Auct. ad Her. To be blamable , in culpa 
esse, Cic Not to be blamable ; extra culpam esse, 
To BLAME, v. a. Vituperare ; reprehendere ; Cic. 

(Severely) ; acerrime : (indirectly) ; oblique To blame 

one for any thing ; aliquem in re, rem in aliquo, or ali- 
cujus faotuvn, culpare, or criminari ; rem alicui crimini 
dare, objicere ; Cic. To blame any one in one's own 
mind; aliquem tacito cogitationis convicio verberare, 
Cic. Blamed; vituperatus ; reprehensus. To be 
blamed ; in vituperationem cadere, Cic To be univer- 
sally blamed ; in vituperationem omnium venire , om- 
nium sermone vapulare, Cic. You will be blamed for 
it ; hoc tibi probro futurum est, Cic. 

BLAME. *. Vituperatio ; reprehensio ; Cic To 

incur blame ; in vituperationem cadere ; in reprehensio- 
nem incurrere ; Cic. To be free from blame ; ab omni 
reprehensione abesse ; justa reprehensione carere ; extra 
omnem culpam esse ; Cic. To take upon one's self the 
blame ; rei vituperationem subire, or suscipere, Cic To 
throw the blame upon another ; rei culpam in alterum 
dorivare, Cic. To attribute or affix the blame to ; alicui 
vituperationem tribuere ; aliquem in vituperationem ad- 
ducere ; in aliquem culpam conjicere ; Cic. All the 
blame attaches to you ; in te omnis haeret culpa, Cic 
All the. blame will fall upon you ; hoc facinus tibi uni 
erit probro, Ter. He took care to avoid blame ; cavit 
oe infami* ea res sibi esset. 

BLAMELESS, a. Omni reprehensione carens ; proba- 
tissimus. A blameless life ; vita labe carens, Qv.A 
man of blameless life ; vir spectatae integritatis, Liv. 
BLAMELESSLY, ad. Modo probatissimo. 
BLAMER. s. Vituperator ; reprehensor. 
To BLANCH, v. a. I. To whiten ; rem dealbare, can- 
defacere, Plaut To blanch linen cloth ; lintea purgare, 
mundare. II. To peel such things as have husks ; cu- 
tem, or corium, detrahere, demere, eximere; cute exu- 
ere ; cortice nudare. 

BLAND, a. Blandis ; suavis ; dulcis. 
BLANDISHMENT, s. Blanditiae, arum, f. pi. ; blandi- 

BLANK, a. I. Pale, confused ; metu pavidus ; per- 
turbatus ; confusus. II. Not written upon ; purus. 
Blank paper ; oharta pura. III. Not rhymed; (versus) 
numeris adstrictus. 

BLANK. *. I. A void space ; vacuum. II. (In a 
lottery) ; manes fortunae sortes. 

BLANKET, s. Lodix, ids, f., Juv. ; loclicula, Suet. 
To toss in a blanket ; impositum disf.ento sago in sublime 

jactare, Suet You shall be tossed in a blanket ; ibis ab 

excusso missus in astra sago, Mart. 

To BLASPHEME, v. a. In Ueum ora solvere, Tibull. ; 
divinum numen obtrectare, Val. Max. ; impias in Deum 
voces jactare ; impiis verboruin telis Deum lacessere. 

BLASPHEMER, s. Divini numinis obtrectator. 

BLASPHEMOUS, a. In Deum contumeliosus. 

BLASPHEMOUSLY, ad. In Deum contumelioie ; impio 

BLASPHEMY, s. Vox in Deum contumeliosa ; verbo- 
rum irnpietas. 

BLAST, s. I. A gust of wind; subitus venti flatus, us. 
11. Blight; ruoigo, inis, Col.; robigo, Virg. 

To BLAST, v. a. I. To ruin, destroy, confound ; 
destruere ; confundere ; perturbare ; subvertere ; pessum 
dare. To bias- one's reputation ; alicui infamiam in- 
ferre, or inurere, Ci^. ; aliquem ignominia notare, Sen. 

II. To wither (fruits); urere; adurere. 
' BLAZE, s. Flamma. To be in a blaze ; flammare ; 

To BLAZE, v. n. I. To flame; flammare; ardere; 
flammas luudere, Virg. ; flammigerare, Cell. II. To 
be conspicuous ; splendere ; splendescere ; exsplende- 

To BLAZE ABROAD, v. a. Vulgare ; divulgare ; evul- 
gare ; pervulgare ; rem palam faoere, or in lucem proferre. 

BLAZING, a. I. In a flame; flammeus ; ardeiis. 

II. Resplendent; fulgens ; splendens. 

To BLAZON, v. a. I. To explain coafs of arms ; 
scutorum figuras conceptis verbis edisserere. II. To 
draw coats if arms ; figuras in scuto geutilitio pingere. 

III. To deck ; embellish ; ornare ; exornare ; deco- 
rare; Cic. IV. To celebrate ; celebrare. 

To BLEACH, v. a. Cande-t'acere ; candorem indueere. 

To bleach linen ; ab hum ore prati roscido candorera 
telr*- indueere ; lintea purgare, or mundare. 

BLEAK, a. Frigidus ; algidus. 

BLEAKEDNESS. s. Lippitudo. 

BLEAR-EYED, a. Lippus, Hor. ; (gramiosus, Caecil.). 

To be blear-eyed ; lippire ; lippitudine lahorare ; Cic. 
To BLEAT, v. n. Balare, Cic. ; balatum edere ; balatus 

dare, Ov To bleat much or often ; balitare, Plaut. 

To BLEED, v. n. Sauguinem reddere, or rejicere, 
Plin. The wound bleeds profusely; multo sanguine 
manat cicatrix. A bleeding wound; recens vuhins, 
Plin. His nose bleeds ; fluit illi sanguis, Plin. ; it san- 
gnis e naribus, Virg. My heart bleeds at the sight ; 
mihi cordolium est, cum ista video, Plaut. ; dolent hac 
re oculi mihi, Ter. 

To BLEED. ?>. a. I. To let or draw blood ; alicui 
venam incidere, or exsolvere, Tac. ; sanguinem emit- 
tere, Cels., or detrahere, Col. ; sanguinem mittere, Cic., 
Cels., extrahere, Plin., emittere venis, Plin., demit- 
tere, Cell. II. To obtain money from ; crumenam 
alicujus excnterare, Plaut. 
BLEEDER. $. Medicus qui sanguinem detrahit. 
BLEEDING, s. Sanguinis detractio, or missio; venae 
sectio, or incisio ; Cels. 

To BLEMISH, v. a. I. To mark with deformity; 
macula afficere, Cic. ; maculare, Virg. ; inquinare ; 
fcedare; conspurcare; Col. II. To blemish one' s repu- 
tation ; alterius lain am maculare, or inquinare ; altering 
famse labem aspergere, or inf'erre ; Cic. 

BLEMISH, s. I. A mark of deformity; macula; 
labes, is, f. ; Cic. A little or slight blemish ; labecula, 
Cic. II. A reproach; macula; labes; turpitudinis 
nota- Without blemish ; castus a culpa, Plaut. ; vita 
sanctus, Veil. ; castus et integer moribus, Plaut. 

To BLEND, v. a. Kem rei, re, or cum re, miscere, 
Pliti.; rein cum alia commiscere; rem rei admiscere ; 

Cic To blend colours ; colores nectere, temperare. 

To BLESS, v. a. I. To make happy ; boare ; bea- 
tum, or felicem, reddere. II. To pronounce a bless- 
ing ; alicui fausta precari, Cic. : alicui bene precari, or 
benedicere, Quint. ; precari a Deo ut aliquid alicui 
bene ac feliciter eveniat, Cic. III. To glorify for bene- 
fits received ; Deum laudare ; Deo gratias agerc ; (Deo 
benedicere, Apul. ; Tert.) To bless one's stars ; sihi 
gratulari ; gaudere ; in se, in sinu, apud se, or sibi, gra- 
tulare ; Cic. 

BLESSED, a. Beatus ; felix ; fortunatus The blessed ; 
beati ; coalites, um, pi.; ccelicolae, arum, m. pi. 
The mansions of the blessed ; beatorum sedes To be 
blessed in heaven, or for ever ; aeterna beatitudine frui. 

BLESSEDNESS, s. Felicitas, Cic.; beatitas, and beatitudo. 
Cicero calls these last, ' dura verba,' because he was the 
first who used them. To enjoy blcsse dness ; beatum 

BLESSING, s. I. Benediction; in aliquem preces 
To pronounce a blessing ; alicui fausta precari, Cic. ; 
alicui bene precari, or benedicere, Quint. II. A benefit 
received ; beneficium ; munus, eris, n. The ftfett&yi 
of heaven; ccolestia nmnera. 
BLIGHT, s. Rubigo ; robigo, inis, f. 
To BLIGHT, v. a. I. To corrupt with mildew; rei 
rubiginem obducere, vitiare, or corrumpere. Blighted, 
rubigine vitiatus, or corruptus To be blighted ; rubi- 
ginem habere, or contrahere, Plin. 1 1. To injure, mar, 
damage ; rei nocere, detrimentum afferre, or inferre, 
BLIND, a. I. Deprived of the sense of seeing ; CJECUS ; 



captus oculis, Cic. ; Oi'bus luminibus, Plin. Born Hind ; 
cascigenus, Lucr To grow blind; oculos pcrdere ; 

aspectum, oculos, or visum, amittere, Cic To be almost 

blind; cajcutire Blind of one eye; orbus altero 
lumine, Plin. ; altero oculo captus, Liv. ; unoculus, 
Plaut. ; luscus, Juv To try to come at a person by his 
blind side ; alicujus imbecillitatem aucupari, Cic. II. 
Dark, hardtojind; obscurus ; caucus ; tenebricosus. yi 
blind tippling-house ; tenebricosa popina ; gurgustiolum, 
Cic.; obscura taberna, Hor. III. Ignorant; rci 
inscius, nescius, ignarus. 

To BLIND, v. a. I. To make blind ; caecum efflcere, 
or reddere, Cic. ; oculis orbare, Ov. ; csecare ; obca;care ; 
Plin. ; excaecare, Col. ; alicui caBcitatem afferre, Plin. 

Blinded ; ciccatus ; excajcatus ; obcaccatus ; Cic. 

II. To darken or obscure (the mind) ; (animum) ca-care, 
or cascum reddere. Pleasure blinds the mind; animi 
lumen exstinguit voluptas, Cic. Blinded by passion ; 
cupiditate caucus, Cic. To be blinded by passion ; cajca 
cupiditate rapi, Cic. Blinded by prosperity ; ab secundis 
rebus incautus, Liv. Fortune blinds the mind; felicitas 
multum caliginis mentibus humanis objicit, Sen. 

BLIND, s. I. A Venetian screen for the window ; 
transenna; Cic. ; fenestra cancellata ; cancelli, orum. 
To put blinds to a window ; fenestram clathrare, or 
clathris munire, Col A sun-blind; velum. II. 
Something to mislead ; obtentus, us, Liv. ; velum ; vela- 
mentum ; prretextus, us ; pra;textum. 

To BLINDFOLD, v. a. Alicui caput obnubere, Liv. ; 
oculis velum obducere, Plin. 

BLINDLY, ad. Temere ; temere et nulla ratione ; 
ca?co impetu, Cic. 

BLIND-MAN'S-BUFF. s. Andabata? vestigatoris ludicrum. 

To plai/ at blind-man 1 s-bujf' ; andabatam agere. 
BLINDNESS, s. Crccitas, Cic. Mental blindness; 

mentis ca?citas, Cic. ; animi nox, Ov. 

To BLINK, v. n. Oculis nictare, connivere. 

BLISS, s. Felicitas ; beatitas, beatitudo, are called 
' dura verba' by Cicero, because he first used them. 

BLISSFUL, a. Beatus ; felix ; felicissimus ; fortunatus. 

BLISSFULLY, ad. Bene beateque. 

BLISTER, s. I. A pustule ; pustula ; pusula, Plin 
Full of or covered with blisters ; pusulosus, Gels. ; 
pustulbsus, Suet. II. A sort of plaster ; cataplasma, 
atis, n. ; emplastrum causticum quo veskulaz gignuntur, 

To BLISTER, v. n. Pustulas emittere. 

BLITHE, BLITHESOME, a. Hilaris ; ketus, Cic. ; hilarus, 

BLITHELY, ad, Ililare ; hilariter ; hilarem in modum, 


To BLOAT, v. a. Tumefacere. 

To BLOAT, v. n. Tumere, Plaut. ; tumescere ; 
turgere ; inflari, Cic. ; cutem intendere, Pha'dr. 

BLOATEDNESS. s. Tumor ; inflatio. 

BLOCK, s. I. A large mass ; rudis massa; moles, 
is, f. A block of wood ; brevior ligni truncus ; caudex, 
icis, m., Cic. To come to the block ; capite plecti, Liv. 

A workman's block, on which any thing is shaped; 
forma. II. An obstacle ; obstaculum, Plaut. ; impedi- 
mentum, Cic. 

To BLOCK UP. v. a. Omnes aditus, or vias, prse- 
cludere, obstruere, occupare. 
BLOCKADE, s. Omnium ad arcem adituum interclusio. 

Hailing designed to change the siege into a blockade ; 
consiliis ab oppugnanda urbe ad obsidendam versis, Liv. 

To BLOCKADE, v. a. Omnes arces aditus, or vias, 
prajcludere ; aditus ad urbem occupare, obstruere ; 
obsidere ; arcem intercludere prasidiis circumjectisque 
militibus ; arcem praesidiis interclusum tenere, Cic. 

BLOCKHEAD, s. Bardus, Plaut. ; truncus ; plumbeus 
homo, Cic. 

BLOOD, s. I. The red liquor that circulates in the 

bodies of animals ; sanguis, inis, m Blood that is shed ; 

cruor, oris, m. Pure blood; sanguis integer, Cels. 
Bad blood ; sanguis vitiosus, Cels. Congealed or clotted 
blood; sanguis conglobatus, Plin. To draw blood; 
sanguinemdetrahere. To let blood ; see To BLEED, v. a. 

To lose blood ; see To BLEED, v. n. To stop 
or staunch blood; sanguinem sistere, or cohibere, 
Plin. To restore the circulation of blood; sanguinis 
cursum revocare. Covered un'th blood; sanguine 
inundatus, Liv. Hands stained with the blood of 
any one ; sanguine alicujus imbutaa manus To imbrue 
one's hands in the blood of anyone; alicujus sanguine 
cruentare se, Cic. The victory cost a great deal of 
blood; victoria fuit cruenta, Sail. ; non incruenta, Liv. ; 
sanguinolenta fuit palma, Cic. To Ihirst for blood; see 
BLOODTHIRSTY. In cold blood ; sedatiorc animo ; se- 
date To stir up or rouse the blood ; sanguinem movere, 

Cic My blood is up ; mihi animus ardet ; cor cumulatur 

ira. Cic. To breed ill blood ; animos accendere, com- 
movere, Cic., exacerbare, Suet., in alium odia incendere, 
Cic. II. Kindred, lineage, race; prosapia ; genus, 
eris, n. ; stirps ; sanguis Of noble blood; claro san- 
guine genitus, Sen. A prince yf the blood ; regia stirpe 

ortus ; stirpi regizs annexus ; Curt. Oft/if blond royal , 
regii generis, Liv. -Of the same blood; i-onsanguuiel ; 
corisanguinitate propinqui, Cic. ; Virg. 111.; 
, cables, is, f. ; homicidium, Cic. 

To BLOOD, v. a. I. To stain with blood ; cruentare ; 
cruore imbuere ; Cic.; sanguine respergere, Catull., 
inficere, Hor. II. To let blood; sanguinem mittere, 
Cic., Cels., extraherc, Plin., detrahere, Col., emittere 
; venis, Plin., demittere, Cell. ; alicui veiiam incidere, 
or exsolvere, Tac. 

BLOODHOUND, s. Canis indagator. 

t BLOODILY, ad. Cruente ; (cruenter, Apul.). See also 

BLOODLESS. . Exsanguis ; sanguine cassus, Cic^ 
A bloodless victory ; victoria incruenta, or sine cade. *" 

BLOODSHED, s. Ca;des, is, f. ; homicidium. 

BLOODSHOT, s. Sanguine suffusus ; sanguineus. 

BLOODSUCKER, s. Hirudo, inis, f., Cic. ; sanguisuga, 
X, f., Plin. 

BLOODTHIRSTY, a. Sanguinarius, Cic. ; cruoris 
amans, Ov. ; sanguinem sitiens, Sen. ; sanguine minis 
gaudens, Tac. To lie bloodthirsty; ex imo pectore 
crudelitatem anhelare, Cic. ; sanguinem sitire, Hor. 

BLOODVESSEL, s. Vena, a, f. 

BLOODY, a. I. Stained with blood; cruentus, Cic. ; 
cruentatus, Ov. ; cruore respersus, Liv. ; sanguine 
infectus, Hor Bloody hands ; imbutae sanguine manus, 
Cic. II. Bloodthirsty ; see BLOODTHIRSTY. 


BLOOM, s. I. A blossom; flos, oris, m. ; flosculus. 

II. Fresh colour ; vividus color. III. The state of 

any thing young ; flos, cris, m. The bloom of youth ; 

To BLOOM, v. n. I. Prop. Florecere, Cic. ; in 
flprem, or floribus, seinduere, Virg. II. Fig Florere; 
vigere ; enitere ; Cic. 

BLOSSOM, s. To BLOSSOM, v. n. See BLOOM : To 

To BLOT. v. a. Macula afficere, Cic. ; maculare, 
Virg. ; inquinare ; fcedare ; conspurcare ; Col To blot 
one's reputation ; alterius famam maculare, or inquinare ; 
famas labem aspergere, or inferre, Cic. 

To BLOT our. v. a. Delere ; interlinere ; Cic. ; ex- 
pungere, Plaut To blot out the memory of a thing ; rei 
memoriam scmpiterna oblivione delere, or tollere lunditus 
ac delere, Cic. 

BLOT. s. I. An obliteration ; litura, Cic. ; rasura, 
Col. II. A spot ; macula ; labes, is, f. A little blot ; 
labecula. III. A spot in reputation ; macula ; labes ; 

turpitudinis nota To cast a blot upon one's reputation ; 

alterius famam maculare, or inquinare ; famze labem 
aspergere, or inferre, Virg. 

BLOTCH, s. Varus, i, m. ; lentigo, inis, f., Plin. ; 
lenticula, Cels. 

BLOTCHY, a. Lentiginosus, Plin. 

BLOTTING-PAPER, s. Bibula charta, Plin. 

BLOW. s. I. A stroke; ictus, us, m. ; plaga, 
K, f., Cic. A blow on the cheek; alapa, a?, i A 

violent bloiv ; ictus validus, Ov A weak blow ; ictus 

hebes, Mart. A mortal blow ; ictus lethifer, Ov An 

empty blow ; ictus irritus, Ov A well aimed blow ; 
petitio ita conjecta ut vitari non possit, Cic To receive 

a blow ; plagam accipere, Cic To avoid a blow ; plagam 

vitare, Cic. To inflict a blow ; plagam alicui injicere, 

or infligere, Cic., imponere, or inferre, Virg To give 

a blow on the cheek ; alapam alicui ducere, Phaedr. 
They fell by mutual blows ; contrario ictu transfixi con- 
ciderunt, Liv. ; mutuis uterque confossi vulneribus cor- 

ruerunt To come to blows ; in contentionem certa- 

menque, or ad manus atque ad pugnaro, venire To re- 
double blows ; ictus congcminare, Virg., densare, Tac. 

Atone blow ; simul ; una ; pariter ; eodem tempore. 

II. Blooming (of flowers); explicatio; evolutio; 
effusio ; Cic. III. The act qf laying eggs in flesh 
(applied to flies) ; punctio ; punctus, us, m. 

To BLOW. v. n. I. To move with a current of air ; 
flare, Cic.; spirare, Ov The wind blows gently } 

lenissimus flat ventus. Cic The winds blow roughly ; 

vend spirant vehementius, Ov The winds cease blow- 
ing ; silent aura; ; tenent venti flamina, Tibull. II. To 
breathe ; spiritum emittere. III. To pant) anhelare, 
Ov. ; ilia ducere, Hor., trahere, Plin. IV. To bloom ; 
florescere, Cic. ; in florem, or floribus, se induere, Virg. 

To blow twice a year ; bis vernare floribus, Hor To 

blow three times a year ; ter florere, Cic. 

To BLOW. v. a. Inflare To blow a trumpet ; 
buccinam inflare, Cic To blow the fire ; ignem excitare, 
Cic., or sufflare. To blow upon, in order to warm; 
oris spiritu rem refrigerare To blow out a lamp ; 
lucernam exstinguere, Plin To blow the dust off any 
Ihing ; spiritu pulverem excutere, Ov., or difflare, Pliri. 

To blow an organ ; organo ventum ministrare ; folles 
inflandis organis movere To blow up ; in sublime 
jactare, Suet To blow up strife ; discordiam concitare, 
or commovere, Cic. To blow hot and cold ; in utrain- 

que partem dicere ; in rontrarias paries disputare ; Cic 

One who blows hot and cold ; vir bilinguis, Phadr. ; vi$ 


ambiguas fidei, Liv. To blow one's nose ; se emungere, 
Cic. A blowing of the nose ; emunctio, Quint. To 
blow upon, fig. ; alicujus existimationem violate ; in- 
famiam alicui inferre ; aliquem infamia notare ; Cic. 

BLUDGEON, s- Fustis, is, m. 

BLUE. s. Cceruleus color Painted blue ; czeruleatus. 

BLUE. a. Caeruleus ; caerulus, Cic. ; cyaneus, Plin 
Black and blue ; lividus To make or paint blue ; 
caeruleum colorem rei inducere To become blue ; 
ceeruleum colorem ducere, Cic. A blue-stocking ; 
femina literatior. 

BLUE-EYED, a. Glaucus, Virg. ; caeruleus, Hor. 

To BLUE. v. a. Casruleum colorem rei inducere. 

BLUFF, a. Ferox ; superbus ; ferox et arrogans. 

BLUISH, a. Subcaeruleus. 

To BLUNDER, v. n. Labi per errorem ; errare ; allu- 
cinari ; Cic. 

BLUNDER, s. Error ; erratum. 

BLUNDEKBUSS. s. Fistula ferrea brevior, et ore patulo 

BLUNDERER, s. Inconsultus, Cic. ; prasceps animi, 
Tac. ; nugator, Plaut. 

BLUNT, a. 1. Dull on the edge ; retusus, Hor. ; 
obtusus ; hebes, etis ; Col. ; hebetatus, Sil. Ital. To 
be blunt; hebere, Liv. ; hebescere, Cic. II. Dull of 
understanding; tardus ; hebes ; obtusus. III. Rough 
in manner ; vehemens ; in agendo praeceps. 

To BLUNT, v. a. I. To dull the edge ; acicm re- 
tundere, Cic., hebetare, or preestringere, Plin. II. To 
depress ; (ingenium) obtundere ; reprimere ; comprimere ; 
frangere, Cic. ; hebetare, Plin. ; Virg. ; Ov. 

BLUNTNESS. s. I. Want of edge; acies retusus; 
(hebetude, Macrob.). II. Dulness of understanding ; 
tarditas, Cic. III. Roughness or abruptness of manner ; 
promptus animi impetus ; acris et vehemens animi 
incitatio ; Cic. 

BLUK. 5. Macula ; labes, is, f. 

To BLUR. v. a. See 1 To BLOT. 

To BLUSH, v. n. Rubere, Ov. ; erubescere, Cic To 
blush at any thing; erubescere rem, in re, Cic., rei, 
Curt., or re, Sen. To cause to blush, put to the blush ; 
pudorem alicui incutere, Hor., imponere, Mart. ; os 
alicujus rubefacere, Sil. Ital. 

BLCSH. s. I. Colour in the cheeks raised by shame 
or confusion ; rubor ; rubor candore mistus, Cic A 
blush rose upon her face ; erubuit, Hor.; rubor gcnis 
suffusus est, Liv. ; rubor ora notavit ; rubor ingenuas 
genas pinxit, Ov. To put to the blush ; see To BLUSH. 

II. Sudden appearance At the first blush of a thing ; 

primo aspectu, Cic. ; primo ; primum. 

To BLUSTER, v. n. Debacchari, Ter. ; tumultuari, 
Cic. ; clamoribus omnia complere, Caes. : fig. ; magnifice 
jactare se atque ostentare ; gloriosum militem imitari ; 

BLUSTERER, s. Thraso, onis, m. ; miles gloriosus ; 
Ter. ; pyrgopolynices, is, m., Plaut. 

BOAR. s. Verres, is, m. A wild boar ; aper, pri, m. 

BOARD, s. I. A plank ; tabula, as, Cic. ; axis, or 
assis, is, m., Vitr. II. A table; mensa; mensula; 
see TABLE Aside-board; abacus, i,m. III. Food; 
victus, us. IV. A council seated at table ; consessus, 

us ; conventus, us The board sits to-day ; habetur 

hodie conventus. V. The floor of a ship; tabulatum. 

To go on board ship ; navem, or in navem, conscendere, 
Cic To put on board ship ; navi, or in navem, imponere. 

To be on board ship ; in navi esse Above board ; 
aperte. VI. Pasteboard; charta spissior To put 
a book in boards ; chartis spissioribus amicire, or induere. 

To BOARD, v. a. I. To lay with boards ; contabulare, 
Suet. ; assare ; coassare ; Vitr. II. To enter a ship by 
force ; injecta manu ferrea, in retentam hostium navem 
transcendere, Cses., or erumpere, Lucan. 

To BOARD, v. n. i. e. To diet with another at a settled 
rate; apud aliquem pacta mercede habitationem et 
mensam habere ; apud aliquem esse in convictu ; cum 
altero conyivere. To take one in to board; aliquem 
pacto pretio in convictum accipere, or admittere. To 
agree to board with another ; pacto pretio habitationem 
et mensam alienam conducere. Price paid for boarding ; 
pactum pro habitatione et mensa pretium. 

BOARDER, s. I. One who diets with another ; con- 
victor, oris, m. II. A boy at a boarding-school; puer, 
or adolescens, alendus et erudiendus magistro traditus. 

BOARDING-SCHOOL, s. Pasdagogium, Suet. To send 
a boy to a boarding-school; pacta mercede puerum 
magistro alendum et erudiendum tradere. 

To BOAST, v. n, De se gloriose loqui ; se 
extollere ; magnifice se jactare atque ostentare ; Cic. 
To boast of or in, or to make a boast of, any thing ; in re 
jactare se ; rem de se gloriosius praedicare ; Cic. 

BOAST, BOASTING, s. Gloriatio ; ostentatio ; jactatio ; 
venditatio ; Cic. ; jactantia, Quint. To make a boast of 
any thing ; see To BOAST. 

BOASTER, s. Suarum laudum buccinator, Cic. ; fac- 
torum suorum ostentator, Liv. ; sui jactator, sui jactans, 
Quint. ; laudum suarum pra?co. A great boaster ; 
immodicus sui jactator ; jactator circulatorius ; Quint. 


BOASTFUL, a. Jactans, Cic. ; or, jactans sui, Quint. 
gloriosus, Cic. ; Liv. ; jactabundus, Cell. 

BOASTFULLY, BOASTINGLY. ad. Gloriose ; jactanter. 

BOAST, s. Cymba, ae ; navicula ; Cic. ; linter, tris, f 
Cffis. ; navigium. A little boat, jolly boat ; navigiolum, 
Lentul. ap. Cic. ; exiguus linter, Tibull. ; cymbula, 
Cic. Aflat boat, ferry boat for cattle ; ponto, onis, m., 
Caes -- A ferry boat for foot passengers ; cvmba 
linter, tris, f. ; Caes. ; Tibull. A ship's boat, longboat 
scapha. ae, f. ; lembus, i. m. ; acatium, Plin. 

BOATLOAD, s. Navigii onus. 

BOATFUL, a. (Of passengers); vectorum numerus. 

BOATMAN or BOATSMAN. s. Navicularius ; naviculator 

BOATSWAIN, s. Proreta, se, m., Plaut. 

To BOB. v . n. Pendere et ultro citroque jactari. 

BOB. s. See EAR-RING. 

BOBBIN, s. Fusus, i, m. 

BOBTAIL. *. Cauda brevior. 

BOBTAILED. a. Curtatus ; decurtatus. 

To BODE. v. a. Praesagire, Plin. ; prsesignificare ; 
praenuntiare ; portendere ; Cic. 

BODEMENT. s. Prasagium ; rei future signum ; Cic. 

BODICE, s. Tunicas thorax. 

BODILESS, a. Corporis expers ; incorporalis, Sen. ; 
incorporeus, Cell. 

BODILY, a. Corporeus, Cic. ; corporalis, Gell __ 
Bodily pleasures ; voluptates sensum moventes. 

BODILY, ad. Corpore (abl.) ; (corporaliter, Petron.). 

BODKIN, s, Veruculum, Plin A bodkin for the 
hair; acus, us, f . ; discerniculum, Varr. ; (acus coma- 
toria, Petron.). 

BODY. s. I. Matter; the material substance of an 
animal ; corpus, oris, n A little body corpusculum. 
II. Substance; corpus. III. A person; homo, 
inis, m. Somebody ; aliquis; nonnullus. Nobody f 
nemo; nullus. Everybody ; omnes ; universi. Any- 
body; aliquis; quidam ; quispiam. A busybody; 
ardelio, onis, m., Phasdr. ; Mart. Body-guards; cor- 
poris stipatores, Cic. ; custodes, m. pi., Curt. IV. A 
collective mass ; corpus; silva. V. A number of men 
united by some common lie; corpus ; ordo. The senate 
in a body ; universus senatus They came in a body to 
Ccesar ; universi Cassarem adierunt, Caas. To retire in 
a body ; confertim atque in unum se recipere, Sail. A 
collegiate body ; collegium He has been received into 
our body ; cooptatus est in nostrum collegium. A body 
of troops; agmen, inis, n A body of reserve ; sub- 
sidiaries cohortes, or legiones, Liv. ; Caes. They divided 
their troops into two bodies ; bifariam diviserunt copias, 
Liv __ He had divided his cavalry into two bodies ; in d'io 
cornua diviserat equites. VI. The principal part of 
any thing ; pars major. The body of a coach ; capsus, 
i, m. The body of a tree; arboris corpus, Plin.; 
truncus ; caudex, icis, m. ; stipes, itis, m., Curt. The 
body of a church ; interioris templi pars prior. VII. 
Strength ; vires, ium, f. pi. ; firniitas. Wine that has no 
body ; vinum tenue, or leve, Ov. ; Cic -- Cloth of a good 
body ; crassior pannus. 

BODY-CLOTHES, (of a horse), s. pi. Equi stratum. 

To BODY FORTH, v . a. Formare ; conformare ; 

BOG. s. Lama, ss, f., Hor. ; locus palustris, Cass., or 
paludosus, Ov. Bog earth ; solum uliginosum, Plin. 

To BOGGLE, v. n. Haesitare ; haerere ; titubare, Cic. 

BOGGY, a. Palustris, Ca?s. ; paludosus, Ov. 

To BOIL. v. n. I. To be effervescent; ebullire ; 
effervescere ; Cic. ; bullire, Cels. ; infervere, Hor, ; 
fervere, Plin __ To begin to boil ; subfervefieri, Plin. -r- 
To cease boiling ; defervescere, Cic The blood boils in 
one's veins ; sanguis per venas aestuat. To boil away ; 
decoqui, Plin. To boil fast ; undatim effervescere. 
To boil over; superfundi; sup 

superfluere. II. To move 

with an agitation like that of boiling water ; ebullire, 
Cato. The water boils at the spring ; aqua undante 
scatebra emicat, or undatim scaturit, Col., or bullat, 
Plin. A boiling spring ; fons bullis stellans, Plin. 

To BOIL. v. a. Rem fervefacere, or infervefacere, Col.^- 
To boil gently or slightly ; subfervefacere, Plin. To 
meat; carnem decoquere; cibos incoquere, Plin To 
boil water to a half; aquam ad dimidiam partem deco- 
quere, Plin __ Boiled ; elixus, Plaut, Boiled meat ; 
elixa caro. 

BOIL. s. i. e. A sort of swelling ; clavus, i, m., Cels. ; 
furunculus, Plin. 

BOILER, s. Cortina, ae, f. ; ahenum ; Ov. ; caldarium, 
Vitr. ; (cucuma, as, f., Petr.), 

BOISTEROUS, a. I. Stormy ; procellosus, Liv. ; tem- 
pestuosus, Gell. II. Furious.; vehemens ; violentus ; 
furens ; furiosus ; furibundus. 

BOISTEROUSLY, ad. Violenter ; tumultuose. 

BOLD. a. I. Intrepid; impavidus, Liv. ; fortis ; acer 
et erectus ; periculi contemptor, contcmptrix ; Cic. To 
be bold, to make bold ; audere. / am so bold as to 
write *o you ; sumpsi hoc mihi ut ad te scriberem, Cic. 
II. Audacious; audax ; confidens ; C\c. Abolddeed 
audax facinus. Ter. III. Enterprising; audens. 



IV. Impudent, rude ; impudens ; insolens ; protervus ; 
procax ; petulans ; Cic A boldface; improbum ps, Suet. 
V. Striking to the eye, prominent ; emincns ; in oculos 
incurrens. VI. Free; liber A bold hand-writing; 
exercitata ac prompta in scribendo manus. A bold 
thought; liberior sententia. Too bold a metaphor; trans- 

latum duriter verbum, Cic A very bold metaphor ; 

translatum audacius verbum, Cic. 

BOLD-FACED, a. Impudens ; inverecundus ; (vir) ex- 
hausto pudore ; Cic. ; cui frons periit, Pers lie is bold- 
faced ; pudorem excussit, Ter. ; os perfricuit, Cic. 

BOLDLY, a. I. Intrepidly, with courage; magno 
animo ; fortiter ; Cic. ; impavide, Liv. II. Audaciously; 
audacter ; audacissime ; confidentissime ; Cic. ; audentius, 
Tac. III. Enterprisingly ; audacter. IV. Impu- 
dently; impudenter ; sine verecundia ; Cic. V. Freely; 
libere ; fidenter ; confidenter ; Cic. 

BOLDNESS, s. I. Intrepidity ; animus ; fidens ani- 
mus, Cic.; fiducia. II. Audaciousness, temerity ; au- 
dacia ; temeritas ; Cic. III. Enterprising spirit ; au- 
dentia. IV. Impudence; impudentia, Cic. ; os durum, 
or impudens, Ter. V. Freeness, liberty; libertas; 

audentia Boldness of speech ; loquendi libertas, Cic. 

- To speak with boldness; libero corde fabulari, Plaut 
To use bold expressions; audere (feliciter). Hor. 

BOLL. s. Caulis, is, m. 

To BOLL. v. n. Caulem emittero ; decaulescere ; Plin. 

BOLSTER, s. I. (For a bed) ; transversum lecti cer- 
vical. II. (For a wound) ; penicillum ; peniculum ; 

To BOLSTER UP. v . a. i. e. To support; fulcire ; ad- 
miniculari ; sustinere ; Cic. 

BOLT. s. I. A dart; missile, is, n., Virg. ; telum ; 
spiculum, Cic. ; sagitta To lance or hurl bolls ; tela 
jacere, or conjicere, Cic. : (against any one) ; in aliquem 
intendere, orintorquere. The bolts of envy; invidiae tela, 
Cic. A thunderbolt ; fulmen, inis, n Bolt upright; 
ad perpendiculum exactus, Cic. ; neutro inclinatus ; neu- 
tram in partem proclinatus ; Liv. II. An iron pin; 
cnodax, acis, m., Vitr. III. The bar of a door ; pes- 
sulus, Ter. : the same word may be used to denote The 
bolt of a lock. 

To BOLT. v. a. I. To shut with a bolt; foribus pes- 

sulum obdere, Ter. ; fores pessulis occludere, Plaut 

A bolted door; oppessulata? fores, Plaut. II. To fasten; 
trabem clavo retinere. III. To sift ; farinam incernere, 
or succernere, Plaut. ; pollinario cribro excutere. 

To BOLT OUT. v. n. Loco exsilire, Cic. ; foras se prori- 
pere, Ter. 

BOLTER. 5. i. e. A sort of sieve; farina; incerniculum, 
Plin. ; farinarium, or pollinarium, cribrum ; Plin. ; Plaut. 

BOLTING-CLOTH, s. Cilicium, Plin. ; tenue textum 
cilicinum, Varr. 

BOLUS, s. Bolus, i, m. 

BOMB. s. Globus ingens ex zere cusus, ingesto pulvere 
sulphureo intus confertus. 

To BOMB or BOMBARD, v. a. Globos ignitos pulvere 
nitrato confertos in urbem injicere. 

BOMBARDIER, s. Glandium ignitarum jaculator. 

BOMBARDMENT, s. Glandium ignitarum jactus, us. 

BOMBAST, s. Inanis verborum sonitus (us), nulla sub- 
jecta sententia, Cic. ; voces inopes rerum ; oratio qua? 
target et inflata est, Auct. ad Her. ; ampulla?, arum ; ses- 
quipedalia verba, Hor. 

BOMBASTICAL. a. Turgidus ; inflatus. To write or 
speak in a bombastical style ; ampullari, Hor. 

BOND. s. I. A cord or chain ; vinculum ; vinclum ; 
ligamen, Col. (Of a prisoner) ; vinculum ; vinclum ; 
compes, edis, f. ; catenae, arum, f. pi. Bonds, fig., i. e. 
imprisonment ; catena?. In bonds ; catenis constrictus, 
Cic To put in bonds ; alicui catenas indere, Plaut., or 
injicere, Liv. ; aliquem catenis vincire, Ov. II. Ce- 
ment, tie; retinaculum ; vinculum; nodus. To break 
the bonds (of friendship, &c.) ; vincula rumpere.or revel- 
lere ; nodum tollere ; Cic. III. Connection ; colligatio ; 
coagmentatio ; Cic.; catenatio ; connexio ; Vitr. IV. 
Writing of obligation ; syngrapha, SB, f. ; chirographi 
cautio. V. That which binds or compels ; id quo ali- 
quis obligatur, or obstringitur. 

BONDAGE, s. Captivitas ; servitus, utis, f. See also 

BONDSMAID. s. Serva ; servula, 33, f., Cic. 

BONPSMAN. s. Servus ; servulus : ( taken in war), cap- 
tivus ; mancipium : (born in a master's house) ; verna, 
as, m. 

BONDSMAN, s. (In a civil suit) ; praes, praedis, m. : (in 
a criminal suit) ; vas, vadis, m. 

BONE. s. Os, ossis, n A little bone ; ossiculum, Cic. 
Of bone; osseus Without bones or bone; exos, ossis, 
Plaut To take out bones ; see To BONE The back- 
bone ; spina, ae, f., Cels The shoulder-bones ; scoptula 
operta, orum, n. pi. ; omoplataa, arum, m. pi. ; Cels. 
Jaw or cheek bone ; maxilla, ae, f., Plin Shin bone; 
tibia, ae, f., Cels. Hip or huckle bone ; coxa, ae, f., Plin. 
Ep. ; coxendix, icis, f., Plin. He is nothing but skin 
and bones ; ossa atque pellis totus est, Plaut / make 
no bones about it; mihi non est quominus hoc faciam, 

Cic. This bone is dislocated, or out of place i cxcidit os 
suo loco ; motum est os, Cels. 

To BONE. v. a. i. e. To take out the bones ; exossare;., 
Plaut. ; alicui ossa demere. 

BONELESS, a. Exos, ossis, e. 

To BONESET. v. TO. Os, or membrum, in sedem suam 
reponere, or restituere, Cels. 

BONESETTER. *. Qui luxata membra reducit ad suos 
usus, Ceis. 

BONFIRE, s. Festus ignis, Stat. : (in celebration cf 
peace) ; flammea? pacales, Ov. : (after a victory) ; epini- 
cia, orum*, rt pi., Suet. 

BONNET. *. Pilus ; pileum. A little bonnet; pileolus. 

BONNILY. ad. Festive ; lepide ; hilariter. 

BONNY, a. Festivus ; lepidus ; hilaris ; bellus. 

BONY. a. I. Of bone; osseus. II. That has large 
bones; magnis ossibus instructus. 

BOOBY, s. Stultus ; fatuus ; ineptus ; insulsus Like 
a booby ; stulte ; fatue ; inepte ; insulse. 

BOOK. s. I. A volume in which we read or write; 
liber, bri, m. ; volumen, inis, n. ; Cic. A little book; li- 
bellus, Cic. A manuscript book y codex, icis, m., Cic. 

An old book; vetus et obsoletus codex, or liber 
To write or compose a book; librum componere, scribere, 
conscribere, Cic. To publish a book ; librum edere, Cic., 
vulgare, Quint., emittere, Plin To be always at one's 
books; in studiis ac literis omne tempus consumere ; in 
studio literarum assidue versari ; Cic. A bound book ; 
liber compactus A stitched book ; liber filo compactus. 

A day-book or memorandum book ; diurni commen- 
tarii, pi. ; adversaria, orum, pi A cash-book, account- 
book ; accept! et expensi codex, Cic. Without book ; 
memoriter ; ex memoria ; haud de scripto. To be in 
any one's good books ; esse in gratia cum aliquo ; esse 
gratiosum apud aliquem ; Cic. To get out of any one's 
good books ; aliquem, or alicujus benevolentiam, alie- 
nare ; in alicujus offensionem incurrere ; Cic. 

To BOOK. v. a. In codicem referre ; in acta, in ta- 
bulas, in commentaries, referre, or perscribere ; Cic. 
literis mandare. 

BOOKBINDER, s. Librorum concinnator ; qui libros 

BOOKISH, a. Literis, or libris, nimio, or insulse, dedi- 
tus, addictus. 

BOOK-KEEPER. s. Emptarum venditarumque mercium 
ratiocinator, Cic. 

BOOKSELLER, s. Bibliopola, ae, m., Mart. ; librarius.i, 
m., Sen Of or belonging to a bookseller; librarius, 
a, urn, Cic A bookseller's shop ; libraria taberna, Cic. 
A second-hand bookseller ; veterum librorum institor. 

BOOKWORM. *. I. Prop. Tinea, ae, f. ; teredo, inis, 
f. ; Plin. II. Fig. Qui in (veteribus) libris volutatur, 

BOOM. s. I. A long pole ; pertica. II. A bar laid 
across the mouth of a harbour ; obex, icis, m. 

BOON. s. Donum ; munus, eris, n. ; donatio ; benefi- 
cium ; gratia. 

BOON. a. Festivus; jocosus ; hilaris. A boon com- 
panion; compotor ; combibo, onis, m.; or, qui se totura 
dat jucunditati, Cic. 

BOOR. s. I Prop. Rusticus ; agrestis ; agricola, a?, 
m. II. Fig. Rusticus ; agrestis ; inurbanus ; ille- 

BOORISH, a. Rusticus; agrestis; inurbanus; ille- 

BOORISHLY, ad. Rustice ; ineleganter ; Cic. ; illepide, 

BOORISHNESS. s. Rustici mores, Cic.; rusticitas, Plin.; 
illepida, or inurbana, agendi ratio. 

BOOT. s. I. Profit ; lucrum ; emolumentum ; quaes- 
tus, us ; utilitas ; fructus, us ; Cic. II. A covering for 
the leg ; ocrea, ae, f. To put on one's boots ; ocreas in- 
duere ; ocreis crura tegere To pull off one's boots ; 
ocreas exuere. 

To BOOT. v. a. Rei inservire ; in re valere ; rationi- 
bus conducere ; fructuosum esse. 

To BOOT. v. n. i. e. To put on boots; ocreas induere ; 
ocreis crura tegere. 

BOOT-TREE, s. Ligneum instrumentum ad dilatandas 
ocreas aptum. 

BOOTH, s. Taberna ; tabernaculum. 

BOOTLESS, s. Inutilis ; ad nullam partem utilis ; abs 
re ; Cic. 

BOOTMAKER, s. Ocrearum artifex. 

BOOTY, s. Prseda, ae, f., Cic. ; captivae res, Plant A 
general's portion of booty; manubiae, arum, f. pi Laden 
with booty ; praeda gravis, Curt. TV) make booty ; prae- 
dari ; praedam facere ; Cic. ; praedam agere, Nep. 

BORAGE, s. A plant; buglossus, i, f . ; bubula lingua; 

BORAX, s. Borax, acis, f. ; chrysocolla, as, f., Plin. 

BORDER, s. I. Edge ; ora, ae, f. Border oftlie sea / 
litus, oris, n. ; ora. Border of a river or lake ; litus ; 

ripa That lives on the borders of a lake, fyc.; riparius, 

Plin. N. B. The border of 3 thing may often be de- 
noted by supremus or summus joined to the substantive. 
To be on the borders of the grave; media jam morte 



teneri,Virg. On the borders of the grave ; prope fune- 
ratus, Hor. ; capularis (senex), Sen. II. Frontier ; fi- 
nis, is ; confine, is, n. ; confinium ; Cic. : usually in the 
plural, Borders ; fines. A town on the borders of a king- 
dom ; extrema regni urbs, Virg. \ urbs sita in confinio 
regni. III.' Edge of a garment ; (tunicse) extremum, 
Plin A border sewn on; limbus, i, m.,Virg.; instita, ae, 
{., Hor. IV. A bank oj herbs or flowers i pulvini 
hortensis margo. 

To BORDER, v. a. (Vestis oras) limbo pratexere 
To border with gold ; auro arabire, Virg. 

To BORDER UPON. I. To be on the confines of; con- 
finem esse (with a dative), Cic. ; proximum esse (with a 
genitive), Curt. ; terminare (with an ablative), Cic. 
II. To approach nearly to; accedere ad; esse similem, 
persimilem, or confinem, Quint. 

BORDERER. &. Finitimus ; confinis. 

BORE. s. L Hole made by boring ; foramen, inis, n. 
II. Size oj a hole ; diametros, i, f. The bore of a 
gun ; oris torrnenti bellici diametros. 

To BORE. v. a. Kem forare, or perforare, Cic. To 
bore with a wimble, or the like ; terebrare ; or, terebra 
perforare To bore through ; perfodire ; perforare. 

BOREAL, a. Boreus, Ov.; septentrionalis, Vitr.; (bo- 
realis, Avien.). 

BOREAS, s. Boreas, ae, m. 

BORER. *. Terebra, ae, f. 

To BE BORN. v. pass. Nasci ; in vitam introire, or 
ingredi, Cic. ; vitam auspicari, Plin. To be born after 
the father's death ; agnasci. New born ; apartu recens ; 
recens natus A son has been born to me ; filiolo auctus 

sum, Cic Born; natus; ortus ; in lucem editus 

First-born ; primogenitus Born after the father's 

death ; posthumus, Cic Still-born ; ante partum mor- 

BOROUGH, s. Pagus, Cic. ; vicus, Hor. ; civitatula, 

To BORROW, v. a. Rem ab altcro mutuari, mutuam 
sumere, or mutuam accipere. To borrow money on the 
credit of any one ; fide alicujus mutuo sumere To 
borrow of one party in order to pay another ; versuram 

facere, Cic To borrow a book ; librum ab aliquo uten- 

dum accipere, Cic. To borrow from an author ; dictum 
scriptoris usurpare, Cic. To borrow any one's name ; 
nomen alicujus in re interponere. The moon shines 
with a borrowed light ; lunalucet aliena luce,. Cic. 

BORROWER, s. Qui rem mutuam accipit ; or, qui mu- 
tuum rogare assuevit. 

BOSOM. 5. Sinus, us, Ov. ; pectus, oris, n., Cic To 
tear a child from its mother's bosom; filium de rnatris 
complexu avellere et abstrahere, Cic. A bosom friend; 
amicus quo nemo devinctior, or conjunctior ; familiaris ; 
necessarius The bosom of the church ; ecclesue sinus, 
or gremium. The bosom of the earth ; terrae viscera, 
n. pi. 

Boss. s. Gibbus, i, m., Juv. ; gibber, eris, m. ; tuber, 
eris, n. ; Plin. 

BOTANIC, BOTANICAL, a. Ad artem herbariam per- 

BOTANIST. *. Herbarius, i, m., Plin. 

BOTANY, s. Ars herbaria, Plin. ; (botanica, ae, f.). 

BOTCH, s. I. An eruptive discoloration of the skin ; 
varus, i, m. ; lentigo, inis, f., Plin. ; lenticula, Cels. 
II. A part clumsily added ; pannus, i, m. ; panniculum. 

To BOTCH, v. a. Panniculum vesti assuere, Hor. ; 
inepte et insulse interpolare, or reconcinnare, Cic. 

BOTCHER, s. Interpolator, Plaut. 

BOTCHY. a. Lentiginosus, Val. Max. 

BOTH. a. Ambo ; uterque. N. B. Ambo takes after 
it a verb plural ; uterque, a verb singular or plural 
Both and; cum turn ; et et ; vel vel ; qua qua; 
cum turn etiam ; turn turn etiam ; simul et ; juxta 

atque ; pariter atque On both sides ; utrinque ; utrin- 

secus. 'Both ways; ambifariam; utroque. 

To BOTHER, v. a. See To PERPLEX. 

BOTTLE, s. Lagena, ae, f., Cic A large bottle ; am- 
phora, ae, f., Mart. A little bottle ; laguncula, a?, f., Col. 
A wine bottle ; cenophorum, i, n. ; ampulla, ae, f. ; Cic. 
In the shape of a bottle ; ampullatus, Plin. Fond of 
the bottle ; vino devotus, Phaedr. To empty a bottle; 

lagenam exsiccare, Cic A bottle of hay; fceni munipu- 

lus, Plin. ; fascis ; fasciculus, Cic. 

To BOTTLE, v. a. In lagenas infundere To bottle 
hay ; fo?num in manipulos colligare. 

BOTTOM, s. I. The ground or lowest part of any 
thing; fundus, Cic. ; ima pars ; imum. The bottom of 
the sea; maris fundus, Virg.; vadum, Plin. Depth 
without bottom ; infinita altitudo, Cic. To be at the 
bottom of the sea ; esse in profundo maris, Cic. To go 
or sink to the bottom ; demergi ; submergi ; mergi, Plin.; 
subsidere, Col. ; desidere, Cels. The bottom of a pool; 
stagni solum, Col. The bottom of a cavern; ultima 
spelunca; infimus (intima) specus, us; Phaedr. The 
bottom of a cup, or cf a cask ; calicis, dolii, fundus, Cic.; 
Col. The bottom of a wound; vulneris fines, ium, pi. ; 
ultimum vulnus ; Cels. The bottom of the heart ; in- 
timus animi sensus, Cic From the bottom of the hearts 

ex animo, Cic At the bottom of the heart ; in intimo, or 
penitissimo, pectore, Plaut. The bottom of A subject ; 
ipsa rei viscera, urn, pi., Cic If a matter be examined 

to the bottom ; si res perpendatur ut in se est. The 

bottom of the table ; imum subsellium At the bottom of 

the street ; in ultima platea, Ter At the bottom of the 
letter ; in extrema epistola From top to bottom; a 
calce ad carceres, Cic. He is at the bottom of the in- 
trigue ; est consilii, or conjurationis, princeps. II. A 
low ground ; vallis, is, f., Virg. ; ima yallis ; ima loca, 
orum, pi., Ov. Lying in a bottom; in valle positus, 
Caes. III. Sediment, dregs; faex, faecis, f . ; crassa- 
men ; Hor. ; crassamentum, Col. IV. Foundation; 
fundamentum. V. Fig. Ship ; navigium ; navis. 

To BOTTOM, v- n. Re, or in re, niti ; confidere. 

BOTTOMLESS, a. Infinitus, Cic. ; fundo carens. 

BOUGIE, s. i.e. Spun wax taper; cerea candela ; fill 
incerati massula. 

BOUGH, s. Ramus A little bough; ramulus, Cic.; 
ramusculus, Plin. Full of boughs ; ramosus ; ramulo- 
sus ; Plin. 

To BOUNCE, v. n. I. To make a noise; sonitum 
reddere, or facere ; sonare ; crepare. To bounce the 
door open; fores effringere, or perfringere. II. To 
make a spring or leap ; salire ; subsilire ; ^ubsultare ; 
Plaut. III. To boast; see To BOAST, BRAG. 

BOUNCE, s. I. A sudden noise ; crepitus ; sonitus, 
tis. II. A boast; see BOAST. 


BOUND. *. I. A limit ; finis, is, m. ; terminus ; ter- 
minatio ; Cic. ; limes, itis, m.,Virg. Bounds ; termini, 
pi.; fines, ium, pi., Cic. Without bounds; see BOUND- 
LESS To set bounds; see To BOUND, v.a To pre- 
scribe bounds to one's self ; certos sibi fines constituere, 
Cic. ; see also^ LIMIT. II. A spring ; saltus, us, m. 

To BOUND, v . n. Salire ; saltum edere ; saltu se in 
altum tollere. 

To BOUND, v. a. Rem terminare ; suis terminis cir- 
cumscribere ; circumdare ; finire ; terminis definire ; 
Cic. To bound a view or prospect; aspectum deti- 
nire, Cic. 

BOUND FOR. part. a. i. e. Destined for ; iturus 
Whither are you bound ? quo tendis, or iter paras ? 

BOUNDARY, s. Finis; terminus. A boundary stone ; 
lapis terminalis, Plin. ; limes, itis, m., Virg. 

BOUNDEN. a. Alteri obligatus, obstrictus, devinctus. 

A bounden duty ; officium vim habens obligationis, or 
necessitatem imponendi. 

BOUNDLESS, a. Immensus ; infinitus ; interminatus ; 
nullis terminis circumscriptus ; Cic. 

BOUNTEOUS, BOUNTIFUL, a. Liberalis ; beneficus ; 
benignus ; prolixus et beneficus ; munificus ; Cic To be 
bountiful towards another; ergaalterumesse beneficum ; 
in alte'rum liberalitate uti, Cic. 

BOUNTEOUSLY, BOUNTIFULLY, ad. Liberaliter ; largo 
liberaliterque ; munifice ; largiter ; prolixe ; large et 
copiose ; prolixe cumulateque. To give bountifully ; 
munifice et large da,re ; large effuseque donare ; Cic. 

BOUNTEOUSNESS, BouNTiFULNEss. s. Liberalitas ; 
benignitas ; largitas ; Cic. ; munificentia, Plin. 

BOUNTY, s. I. Bounteousness ; see BOUNTEOUS- 
NESS. II. A thing bountifully given ; largitio, Cic. 

BOURN, s. See BOUND, I. 

BOUT. s. At one bout; simul ; una ; pariter ; eodem 
tempore. A merry bout ; oblectatio A drinking 
bout ; perpotatio ; compotatio ; comessatio. 

Bow. s. i. e. An act of reverence; salutatio, Cic. 

To make a bow ; salutare, Cic. ; salutationem facere, 

Liv To return a bow ; salutantem resalutare, Cic. ; 

salutanti mutuam salutationem reddere, Sen To 
make a very low bow ; prono ac cernuo corpore ve- 

Bow. s. I. A kind of weapon ; arcus, us, m A 
cross-bow; balista, ae, f. ; scorpio, onis, m., Cic.; (ma- 
nubalista, Veget.).' To stretch a bow ; arcum tendere, 
or intendere, Cic To draw a bow; sagittam arcu 
emitters, Plin. II. A rainbow; arcus ccelestis, Plin. ; 
arcus pluvius, Hor.; Iris, idis, f., Virg. III. (For 
stringed instruments) ; plectrum, Cic. IV. (In a knot) ; 
nodus. V. (Of a ship); prora, ae, f. VI. (Of a 
saddle) ; ephippii arculus. 

To Bow. v. a. I. To bend; flectere, Plin. ; inflcc- 
tere ; incurvare ; Cic. ; curvare, Ov To bow the knees ; 

genua flectere, Ov To bow the head; caput inflectere, 

Catull. II. To depress ; demittere ; deprimere ; deji- 
cere ; Cic. 

To Bow. v. n. I. To bend; incurvari ; inclinare ; 
pronum esse. II. To make an inclination of the 

body ; corpus inclinare To bow to any one ; aliquem 

salutare, Cic. ; alicui salutationem facere, Liv. To 
boio down ; se prosternere, or projicere. Ill- To yield, 
submit; flectere animum, Ter. ; alteri cedere, Cic. 

BOW-BENT, a. Curvatus ; incurvatus ; incurvus ; 
Cic. ; arcuatus, Liv. 

BOWELS, s. pi. I. Intestines ; intestina, orum, n. 

pi. ; viscera, um, n. pi. II. Inner part of any thing; 

^viscera, um, n. pi. ; interior pars : or the word may be 


expressed by intimus or imus, joined to a substantive. 
The bowels of the earth ; terrae viscera. III. Compas- 
sion ; see COMPASSION. 

BOWER, s. Trichila, ae, f., Col. ; (arcella, SB, f, Fest.). 
A vine formed into a bower ; vinea arcuata, or camera- 
ria, Plin. 

BOWL, s. I. A vessel for liquids ; gabata, ae, m., 
Plin.; caliculus. II. The hollow part of any thing; 
cavum. III. A round mass of wood to play with ; 
globus missilis. 

BOW-LEGGED, a. Varus ; (homo) distortis cruribus. 

BOWLING-GREEN, a. Area cespititia. 

BOWMAN, s. Sagittarius. 

BOW-WINDOW, s. Ducta in arcum fenestra. 

Box. s. I. A kind of tree ; buxus, i, m., Virg. Of 
box; buxeus, Plin. Of the colour of box ; buxosus 
A place planted with box ; buxetum, Mart. Bearing 
or producing box ; buccifer, Plin. II. A case to hold 
any thing ; pyxis, idis, f., Cic. A little box ; pyxidicu- 
la, Caes. ; capsula, se, f., Plin. ; pixides, ae, f., Cell. In 
the shape of a box ; pyxidatus, Plin A perfume or scent 
byx ; onyx, ychis, m., f., Hor. ; unguentaria pyxidi cella ; 
unguentorum scriniura ; Plin. A box in the theatre ; 
casa To be in the wrong box ; falli ; male rem gerere. 

A country box ; villa, ae, f. III. A blow (on the 
ear) ; colaphus ; alapa, ae, f. To give a box on the 
ear ; colaphum alicui incutere, Ter., infligere, Juv., im- 
pingere, Plin. 

To Box. v . n. Pugnis certare ; (pugilare, Apul.). 

To Box. v. a. Alicui pugnum impingere, Plaut., 
incutere, Juv. ; aliquem compressa palma ferire, Plaut. 

Boxiiii. s. Pugil, ills, m., Cic. ; qui pugnis certat. 

BOY. s. I. A male child; mas, aris, m. II. A 
lad; puer, eri, m. A little boy ; puerulus. A servant 
boy ; famulus, minister ; Cic. ; puer, Hor. When I was 
a boy ; me puero, Cic To play the boy ; pueriliter fa- 
cere, Cic. A cabin-boy ; nauticus tirunculus. A school- 
boy ; discipulus ; auditor ; Cic. A soldier' s boy ; calo, 
onis, m., Cic.; lixa, ae, m., Cses To cease to be a 
boy ; ex pueris excedere, Cic. 

BOYHOOD, s. Pueritia ; puerilis aetas From boy- 
hood ; a pueritia ; ab ineunte, or prima, aetate ; Cic. 

From earliest boyhood ; a puero parvulo aut pusillo, 
Plaut. ; a prima infantia, Ter.; ateneris unguiculis, Cic. 

BOYISH, a. Puerilis. 

BOYISHLY, ad. Pueriliter. 

BOYISHNESS, s. Puerilitas. 

To BRACE, v. a. Ligare ; fasciare, Mart. ; rem fascia 
obligare, fasciis devincire, Cic. 

BRACE, s. I. A pair or couple; par, aris, n. II. 
Bandage ; fascia, Cic. ; ligamen, Col. ; ligamentum, 
Tac. III. A strap on a coach; suspensura, Sen 
Carriages hung on braces ; loris substenta, or pensilia 
loris, vehicula, Catull. ; Plin. 

BRACELET, s. Armilla, ae, f., Liv Wearing a brace- 
let ; armillatus, Propert. 

BRAHMINS, s. pi. Brachmanae, arum, m. pi. ; Brach- 
manes, um, m. pi. ; Strab. 

BRACKET, s. Ligneum fulcrum. 

BRACKISH, a. Salmacidus, Plin. 

BRAD. s. Clavulus. 

To BRAG. v. n. Gloriari ; jactare ; se jactare 
To brag of any thing ; in re gloriari ; de re praedicare ; 
Cic. ; rem ostentare, Ov. ; Quint. 

BRAG. s. Venditatio, Cic. ; putida ostentatio ; jacta- 
tio ; inanis jactantia, Quint. 

who boasts of courage or military exploits ; thraso, onis, 
m., Ter. ; pyrgopolynices, is, m., Plaut. ; miles gloriosus, 
Ter. II. One who boasts of himself *n other respects ; 
factorum ostentator, Liv. ; existimationis suae buccina- 
tor, Cic. ; immodicus sui jactator, Quint. ; laudum sua- 
rum praeco. 

BRAGGINGLY. ad. Gloriose ; jactanter. 

To BRAID, v. a. Implectere ; implicare, Cic. ; intex- 
ere, Virg. ; intertexere, Quint. 

BRAID. *. Textus, us, Plin. ; textura, Lucr. 

BRAIN, s. I. Prop. Cerebrum A little brain ; ce- 
rebellum To dash out one's brains ; cerebrum alicui 
excutere. II. Fig. Ingenium ; mens ; cerebrum, 

Plaut. ; Phaedr. He has a good brain ; felix est cere- 
bri, Hor. An empty brain ; inane ingenium, Liv He 
has a disordered brain ; cerebro laborat, Plaut To 
turn one's brain ; aliquem ad insaniam adigere His 
brain is turned ; insanit, Ter. ; mentis compos non est ; 
est mente turbata, Cic His brain is cracked ; huic sa- 
num non est sinciput, Plaut. ; est infelix cerebri, Hor. 

BRAINLESS, a. Vacuus cerebro, Plaut. ; qui cerebrum 
non habet, Phaedr Fig. ; amens. 

BRAINPAN, s. Calva, ae. f., Liv. ; calvaria, ae, f., Cels. 

BRAINSICK, a. Phreneticus, Cic. 

BRAKE. I. A thicket of brambles ; dumetum, Cic. ; 
rubetum, Ov. ; dumosus locus, Cels. II. A snaffle; 
minus frenum ; lupi, orum ; lupatum. 

BRAMBLE, s. Dumus, i, m. ; vepres, is, m., Cic. ; sen- 

tis, is, m., Col. ; rubus, i, m., Plin Brambles, pi. ; 

dumeta, orum ; vepreta, orum, pi. 


BRAN. s. Furfur, uris, m., Plaut. ; excretus a farina 
furfur, Col Full of bran; furfurosus, Plin. 

BRANCH, s. Ramus, i, m. A little branch ; ramului, 
Cic. ; ramusculus, Plin An olive branch ; termes, itis, 
m Of or belonging to a branch; rameus. Having 
branches ; ramosus Fig. Branches of a family ; rami, 
orum, pi. 

To BRANCH, v. n. In partes se findere ; dividi. 

BRAND, s. I. A burning stick ; fax, acis, f. ; taeda, 
ae, f. II. A mark of infamy ; turpitudinis nota ; la- 
bes ; macula. 

To BRAND, v.a. I. To mark with a hot iron ; no- 
tam inurere, Virg. To brand a criminal ; sontem stig- 
mate notare, Mart. II. To imprint a mark of dis- 
grace ; inurere notam turpitudinis vitae alicujus ; inu- 
rere maculam alicui ; alterius famae labem inferre. 

To BRANDISH, v. a. Crispare ; coruscare. 

BRANDY, s. Vinum igne vaporatum et stillatum. 

BRASIER or BRAZIER, s. Lebetum faber ; aerarius : 

BRASS, s. JEs, aeris, n Of brass ; aeneus, Cic.; 
sereus, Virg Covered with brass ; aeratus, Cic Brass, 
fig., i. e. impudence ; os durum, or impudens, Ter. ; im- 
pudentia, Cic. 

BRAT. s. Pusio, onis, m., Juv. 

BRAVADO, s. Verba minarum plena, Hor. ; sermo 
plenus arrogant, Cic. 

BRAVE, a. I. Courageous ; fortis ; impavidus ; 

strenuus ; acer bello A brave fellow ; vir ; e. g. You 
are a brave fellow ; virum te judico, Ter. II. Fine, 
spruce, smart; bene cultus ; ornatus ; elegans. III. 
Excellent, noble ; excellens ; prajstans ; eximius ; egre- 
gius ; praeclarus. 

To BRAVE, v. a. Alicui minaciter insultare ; laces- 
sere ; ultro laceseere ; provocare. 

To BRAVE, v. n. Ostentare ; magnifies incedere. 

BRAVELY, ad. Fortiter ; strenue : impavido animo. 

BRAVERY, s. I. Courage; animus; animus fortis; 
magnanimitas ; fortitude ; animi magnitude, or firmi- 
tas, Cic. II. Splendour ; decor; splendor; ornatus, 
us. III. Boast; see BRAVADO. 

To BRAWL, v. n. Jurgare, Cic. ; jurgari ; rixari ; 
Hor. ; jurgiis, verbis, or dictis mutuis, contendere, cer- 
tare, pugnare. 

BRAWL, s. Jurgium ; lis ; rixa. 

BRAWLER. *. Kixosus, Col. ; jurgiosus, Cell. ; rixas 

BRAWN. *. I. The flesh of a boar ; aprugna, se, f. 
II. The fleshy part of the body ; tori. 

BRAWNY, a. Torosus ; lacertosus. 

To BRAY. v. a. Terere, Plin. ; pinsere ; contunderej 

To BRAY. v. n. Rudere ; clamores edere. 

BRAY. s. Clamor. 

BRAYER. s. Clamator. 

BRAZEN, a. I. Made of brass ; esneus, Cic. ; aere- 
us, Virg. II. Impudent; impudens; insolens A 
brazen face ; os durum, impudens, or improbum To 
put on a brazen face ; os perfricare, Cic. ; pudorem ex- 
cutere, Ter. 


BREACH, s. Abruptio, Cic. ; fractura, Plin. A breach 
in a wall ; muri ruina. To make a breach ; aliquantum 
muri discutere, Liv. To make a wide breach ; ingens 
muri spatium nudare, Curt.' To repair a breach ; moe- 
nium ruinas, disjectam muri partem, muri quassata, re- 
ficere ; muri ruinam sarcire. To defend a breach ; stare 
pro dirutis mcenibus ; disjectas muri partes propugnare. 
To mount a breach ; invadere ; mcenium stragem insi- 
lire A breach between friends ; dissensio ; dissidium. 

To make a breach ; dissensionem facere, or coinmo- 
vere. A breach in one's fortunes ; lacuna rei famili- 

BREAD, s. I. Food made of ground corn ; panis, is, 

m White bread ; panis candidus Household bread ; 

panis cibarius, or plebeius, Sen.; panis secundarius. 
Brown bread ; panis ater New bread ; panis recens , 

Yesterday's bread, or bread a day old ; panis hester- 

nus A bit of bread ; panis frustum, Cato, fragmentum, 

Plin To make bread; panem fingere, Sen. A bread 
basket; panarium, Varr. A small bread basket ; pana- 
riolum, Mart. II. Food in general, livelihood ; panis; 
victus, us. To beg one's bread; see To BEG He 
earns his bread by his labour ; illi opera vita est To 
put bread into one's mouth; alicui ministrare victum, 
Varr. ; aliquem sustentare, Ter To take the bread out 
of one's mouth ; alicui ad victum necessaria subducere ; 

alicui de commodis suis detrahere ; Cic To get one's 

bread; labore victum comparare; se sustentare; Cic. 

To want bread; inopia rerum necessariarum con- 
flictari, Cic. To eat the bread of any one ; alienis sump- 
tibus vivere. 

BREAD-CORN, s. Frumentum ; triticum. 
BREADTH, s. Latitude Breadth of the roads; via- 
rum laxitas, Col. Breadth, or equal distance between 
j two parallels ; aequilatatio, Vitr. 

To BREAK, v.a. I. To cut in pieces, lacerate ; rum- 


pere ; perrumpere ; frangere ; confringere To break an 

arm; brachium frangere, Cic To break one's legs; alicui 

crura suffringere, Cic To break a glass; vitreum calicem 
frangere, confringere To break one's neck y^cervicem 
frangere. To break one's sleep ; somnum mterrum- 
pere, Plin. Ep To break one's fast ; jejunia solvere. 
To break the seal oj a letter ; literas resignare, or ape- 
rire, Cic. ; epistolam solvere, Nep. II. To violate; 

frangere ; fallere ; solvere ; violare To break a law ; 

legem violare, perfringere, or perrumpere ; contra legem 
committere To break a vow; jusjurandum violare, 

Cic.; fidem solvere, Ter To break one's promise ; 

promissis non stare ; fidem fallere To break the ranks; 
ordines perturbare, CiBS. III. To overcome, subdue ; 
frangere ; comprimere ; coercere ; domare ; edomare ; 
subigere To break a horse ; equum fingere, domare. 
To break the spirits; animum frangere To break 
the heart ; animum, or aliquem, mcerore conficere. To 
break the force of any thing ; vim mlnuere, or frangere. 

IV. To undo, spoil ; perdere ; delere ; tollere ; esse 
exitio To break one's health; valetudinem perdere, or 
affligere. To break one' s fortune ; aliquem fortunis om- 
nibus evertere, or de fortunis omnibus deturbare, Cic. 

V. To give vent to To break a jest ; jocari ; risum 
joco movere ; rem per jocum dicere, Cic To break 
wind ; pedere, Hor. ; crepitum edere, or reddere, Plin. ; 
crepitum ventris emittere, Suet. VI. 1. To break 
down ; destruere ; demoliri ; diruere ; pessum dare. 

2. To break into ; irrumpere in locum, loco, or locum. 

3. To break one's mind to any one ; aperire se, or ani- 
roum, alicui, Ter. 4. To break off; dirimere ; distur- 
bare ; dissipare ; dissolvere ; rem intermittere. To 
break off a match ; rumpere nuptias, Hor. 5. To break 
open ; perfriugere ; effringere ; perrumpere. To break 
open a letter ; literas resignare, or aperire, &c. ; see I. 
6. To break up ; dirimere ; dissolvere ; disturbare ; 

To BREAK, v. n. I. To burst, to open ; rumpi ; fran- 
gi. My heart is ready to break ; cor mihi dolet ; doleo 
corde, Ter. ; animo male est, Plaut. The day breaks; 
lucescit ; dilucescit. II. To become bankrupt; ar- 
gentariam dissolvere, Cic. ; aes alienum non dissolvere ; 
non solvendo esse ; solvendo aere (for aeri) ; alieno non 
esse, 'Liv. ; decoquere, Cic.; foro cedere, Juv. III. 
To decline in health ; deflorescere, Liv. ; debilitari, 
Cic. ; consenescere He breaks very fast ; fit morti 
propior, Hor.; In praecipiti est, Cels Her beauty 
breaks ; deflorescit formae dignitas, Auct. ad Her. IV. 
1. To break from ; se abrumpere ; sejungere se. 2. 
To break in, or into ; irrumpere ; irruptipnem facere ; 
irruere ; se inferre ; introrumpere ; vi invadere. 3. 
To break in upon ; irruere ; ruere in ; impetum facere 
in To break in upon one speaking ; aliquem inter- 
pellare ; dicentis orationem interrumpere, Cic. ; me- 
dium sermonem intercipere, Quint. 4. To break out, 
forth, or loose ; erumpere ; se educere, or expedire ; 
evadere ; elabi To break out of prison ; subducere se 
custodiae, Sen. ; e custodia evadere, Plin. To break 
out into pimples ; pustulas emittere, Vitr. To break 
out into laughter ; cachinnum tollere, Cic. ; Hor. Afire 
breaks out; ignis succenditur, ardet. A war breaks 
out; bellum ardet; terra flagrat bello. 5. To break 
through; perrumpere ; viam slbi facere. 6. To break up; 
dilabi ; dirimi ; dissipari ; dissolvi. To break up for 
the holidays; feriari a studiis, Cic. 7. To break with 
one; amicitias cum altero dissolvere, or discindere ; ami- 
citias alicujus disrumpere ; amicitiam divellere, or dis- 
suere ; Cic. 

BREAK, s. I. Opening ; interruption ; intermissio ; 
intervallum ; spatium ; inane, is, n (In music); can- 
tils intermissio (In architecture); A prospect, Sfc. ; 
sinus, us, Sen. ; recessus, us, m., Cic. II. Opening 
of the day; diluculum ; prima lux ; aurora ; Cic. 
At break of day; primo diluculo, Cic; albente ccelo, 
Ca?s. ; ut primu'm lux albescit, Virg. ; sub aurora, Ov. 
Before break of day ; ante lucem. 

BREAKER, s. I. One who breaks ; qui rumpit, fran- 
git, violat, &c. ; ruptor; violator. II. Breakers (at 
sea), pi. ; scopuli ; caeca saxa. 

BREAKFAST, s. Jentaculum. 

To BREAKFAST, v. n. Jentare ; Jentaculum sumere. 

BREAM, s. A fish; brema, ae, f. 

BREAST, s. Pectus, oris, n. ; sinus, us. Women's 
breasts; mammae; mammillae, arum, f. pi., Cic.; 
ubera, um, n. pi., Virg Breast, fig. ; cor, cordis, n. ; 
animus ; pectus To keep a secret in one's own breast; 
secretum taciturn premere, Cic. ; commissa tacere, Hor.; 
arcana celare. Curt Of or belonging to the breast ; 
pectoralis, Cels. 

BREAST-BONE, s. Os pectorale ; pectus ; Cels. 

BREASTPLATE. 5. Pectoralia, ium, n. pi. 

BREASTWORK. 5. Lorica , ae, f., Vitr. ; corona; cre- 
pido, inis, f. 

BREATH, s. Anima, Cic. ; spiritus, us ; halitus, us ; 

anhelitus, us, I'lin Sweet breath; suavis anima, 

Plaut.; oris suavitas, Plin. Stinking breath; anima 

fcetida, Flaut. ; male olens halitus ; 6s foetidura, Cic. 



His breath is strong; fcetet anima ejus, Plaut. ; os est 
llh fcetidum, Cic. His breath smells of wine; vinum 
redolet ; inhalat popinam ; Cic __ Short breath an- 
gustior spiritus, Cic. ; anhelatio, Plin. That has short 
breath ; cujus spiritus est angustior, Cic. ; suspiriosus, 
Plm To fetch breath ; spiritum, or animum, ducere, 
Cic To recover breath ; anhelitum, or animam reci- 
pere, Plaut. ; Quint. To hold one's breath ; animam 
continere, or comprimere, Ter., tenere, Cic __ In one 
breath; uno spiritu, Cic. ; uno ac continuato spiritu 
Caes. To run till one is out of breath; currere ad 
interclusionem animae, Cic To be out of breath with 
running; ex cursura anhelitum ducere, Plaut. _ To 
make one out of breath ; alicui anhelitum movere, Cic. 
To the last breath ; usque ad extremum spiritum 
Cic. A breath of wind; flatus, us, Virg.; flamen, 
inis, m., Plin. ; venti spiramentum, Virg. ; ae'ris aura, 
Lucr. There is not a breath of wind; omnis resedit 
flatus, Virg Breath of applause ; aura popularis ; 
aura voluntatis, Cic. 

To BREATHE, v. n. Spirare ; respirare ; ae'rem spi- 
ritu ducere ; spiritum ducere, or haurire ; Cic. ; ani- 
mam reciprocare, Liv. ; animam attrahere ac reddere, 
Plin -- To breathe with difficulty ; vix spiritum tra- 
here, Cels. ; anhelare, Ov. ; ilia trahere, Plin., or 
ducere, Hor. : {more easily or freely) ; coramodius, 
Cels That breathes and gives signs of life ; spirans 
ac vita? manifestos. To breathe, fig., i. e. to live; vi- 
vere ; esse in yivis To breathe, i. e. to relax, pause 
in labour ; respirare ; interquiescere ; Cic. 

To BREATHE, v. a. Auram haurire, or trahere __ 
To breathe a pure, air ; haurire, or trahere, auram 
salubrem. To breathe one's last ; extremum spiritum 
reddere. To breathe or breathe out slaughter ; san- 
guinem spirare To breathe in, into, or upon; inspi- 
rare ; inflare To breathe forth or out ; spirare ; respi- 
rare; anhelare. 

BREATHING, s. 1. The act of fetching breath; re- 
spiratio ; ae'ris aspiratio ; spiritus, us __ Difficulty of 
breathing; spiritus angustiae, Cic. ; spirandi difficultas, 
Cels. ; aeger anhelitus, Virg. ; anhelatio, Plin. II. 
Aspiration ; brevis ardensque precatio. 

BREATHING-HOLE, s. Spiramentum ; spiraculum, 
Virg. ; spiramen, Lucan. 

BREATHING-TIME, s. Requies, etis, f. ; otium ; ces- 

BREATHLESS, a. i. e. Out of breath ; anhelus, Virg. ; 
anhelans, Phaadr Fig., i. e. Dead; exanimis ; ex- 

BREECH, s, Clunis, is, f. ; pi. clunes ; nates, ium, f. 

El. ; Hor The breech of a piece of ordnance ; ferreae 
stnlae, tormenti bellici, funda, or postica pars. 

BREECHES, s. pi. Arctiora femoralia, n. pi. 

To BREED, v. a. I. To procreate ; generare ; pro- 
creare ; gignere ; producere, Cic. II. To cause, 
occasion; gignere; producere; efficere ; afferre __ To 
breed a disease; morbos efficere, Hirt. 111. To edu- 
cate ; educare ; educere ; instituere. Well-bred ; 
bonis artibus infectus, Cic. 

To BREED, v. n. Generari ; gigni ; innasci ; orin. 

BREED, s. I. Race ; genus, eris, n. ; stirps, irpis, 
f., Cic. II. "Number of animals produced at once f 
pullatio ; pullities ; pulli una incubatione exclusi. 

BREEDING, s. I. Education; educatio ; insti- 
tutio. II. Good manners ; urbanitas ; comitas ; Cic.; 
urbanae munditiae, Sail. ; morum elegantia. 

BREESE. s. A sort of fly ; asilus, Virg. ; tabanus, 
Varr. ; oestrus ; Plin. 

BREEZE. 5. Ventus. A gentle breeze i aura. 

BREEZY, a. Ventosus. 


causa ; ne longum sit ; ne diutius vos teneam ; ne plura , 
ne multa, sc. dicam ; Cic. 

To BREW. v. a. I. To make beer; cervisiam 
coquere. II. To contrive; moliri ; machinari ; 

BREWER, s. Qui cervisiam coquit. 

BREWERY or BREWHOUSE. s. Cervisiae officina. 

BRIHE. 5. Largitio ; donum ; pretium ; munus, 
eris, n. To offir a bribe ; oppugnare pecunia, Cic. 

To BRIBE, v. a. Alicujus fidem pretio labefactare, 
Cic To bribe a judge ; jus adulterare pecunia ; 
judicem largitione corrumpere; Cic To bribe a serv- 
ant; servi fidem pretio labefactare, Cic. ; (servum pretio 
corrumpere, Ulp.).-^To attempt to bribe; oppugnare 
pecunia, Cic. 

BRICK. 5. Later, eris, n. A little brick ; laterculus 
Col. Half a brick ; demilater, Vitr. Made of brick ; 
lateritius, Caes. ; testaceus, Vitr. A brick wall , 
paries lateribus, or latere, structus, Plin. To make 
bricks ; lateres ducere, Vitr. 

BRICK-KILN. 5. Lateraria, re, f., Plin. 

BRICKLAYER, s. Structor, oris, m. 

BKICKMAKF.R. s. Laterarius figulus ; qui lateres du- 
al, or iingit. 

BRICKWORK, s. Laterarium opus. 
D 3 

, . . 

VITY.*. Brevitas -- Brevity of a speech; ora- 
contractio, Cic. For brevity's sake; brevitatis 



BRIDAL, s. Nuptiae, arum ; matrimonium. 

BRIDAL, a. Nuptialis. A bridal song; nuptiale 
carmen ; epithalamium, Quint. 

BRIDE, s. Nova nupta, Catull. ; virgo nubens, Plin. 

BRIDEGROOM, s. Nuptus ; novus conjux, Plaut. ; 
novus maritus, Ter. 

BRIDEWELL, s. Pistrinum ; ergastulum. 

BRIDGE. *. Pdns, tis, m._ A little bridge; ponti- 

culus, Cic A stone bridge ; pons lapideus, or saxeug, 

Veil. A wooden bridge; pons ligneus, Cic., or subli- 
cius, Liv A bridge of boats ; pons conjunctis navibus, 
Caas., navalis, Flor. A swing bridge ; pons versatilis, 
Plin. A drawbridge; pons qui ductariis funibus 
attolli aut deprimi potest To throw a bridge across a 
river ; fluvium ponte jungere ; pontem flumini impo- 
nere, Curt., or fluvio injicere, Plin. Ep To break or 
rKrf-yC- cut off a bridge ; pontem interrumpere, or interscindere, 
Cic., solvere, Curt., dissolvere, Nep., recidere, Hor., 
rescindere, Cses To repair a bridge; pontem repo- 

nere, Cic The river is crossed by a bridge ; amnis 

ponte transmittitur, Plin. 

BRIDLE, s. Freni, orum, pi. ; frena, orum, pi. ; Cic. ; 

frenum Tb be a bridle upon one ; aliquem in officio 

continere, coercere, cohibere ; alicui frenos adhibere, 
Cic. A bridle, fig.,i. e. a curb, restraint ; frenum. 

To BRIDLE, v. a. Equum frenare, Curt. ; equo frenum 
injicere, or frenos adhioere, Cic To be bridled ; frena 
recipere, Cic. To bridle anyone ; alicui frenos injicere, 
or adhibere, Cic. To bridle one's passions; libidines 
refrenare, or coercere, Cic To bridle one's tongue ; 
linguam et sermones retundere, Liv. 

BRIEF, a. I. Concise ; brevis. To be brief; ne 
diutius teneam ; ne multis moror ; ne plura ; ne multa, sc. 
dicam ; Cic. ; ut paucis absolvam, Sail In brief; see 
BRIEFLY. II. Short, contracted ; brevis; contractus ; 

BRIEF, si Diploma, atis, n. 

BRIEFLY, ad. Breviter ; paucis'; summatim ; cum bre- 

vitate. As briefly as I can ; quam brevissime potero 

Briefly then ; quid multa ? ut paucis expediam. 

BRIEFNESS, s. Brevitas. 

BRIER or BRIAR. s. Vepres, pris, c. ; dumus, i. m., 

Cic. ; sentis, is, m., Col. ; rubus, i. m., Plin A place 

full of briers ; vepretum ; dumetum. 

BRIERY, a. Dumosus. 

BRIGADE, s. Turma; caterva; agmen; Cic. By 
brigades ; turmatim, Cies. ; catervatim, Plin. 

BRIGADIER, s. Agminis, or catervae, ductor. 

BRIGAND, s. Latro ; praedo, onis, m. ; prajdator ; 

BRIGANTINE. s. Myoparo, onis, m. ; actuarium ; 
actuaria navis ; episcopius phaselus. 

BRIGHT, s. I. Brilliant; fulgens ; splendens; 
micans ; illustris; lucidus ; lucens A bright star; 
Stella illustris et perlucida, Cic. A bright night ; nox 
lucida, Plaut., sideribus illustris, Tac To be bright; 
splendere ; fulgere ; micare. ll. Illustrious ; illustris ; 
clarus ; nobilis. III. Acute ; acer, cris, e. A bright 
genius ; acutum et acre ingenium, Cic. ; mens sagax, 

To BRIGHTEN, v. a. Splendorem afferre ; in splendorem 
dare, Plin. ; illustrare. 

To BRIGHTEN, v. n. Splendescere ; clarescere. 

BRIGHTNESS, s. I. Lustre ; nitor ; splendor ; fulgor. 
To give brightness to a thing ; rei splendorem addere, 
Cic. ; nitorem inducere, Plin. II. Acuteness (of in- 
tellect) ; acris ingenii acies ; ingenii vis ; sagacitas ; 
mentis solertia, Cic. ; ingenii lumen. 



BRILLIANT, s. Adamas in latera scalptus. A brilliant 
jewel ; gemma stellans. 

BRIM. s. Ora ; crepido ; margo. 

BRIMMER, s. Vino plenus cyathus. 

BRIMSTONE, s. Sulphur, uris, m. Of brimstone; 
sulphureus, Cels. 

BRIMSTONY. a. Sulphurosus, Vitr. 

BRINDED or BRINDLED, a. Maculosus ; varius. 

BRINDLE. s. Inspersse pelli macula*. 

BRINE. 5. Muria, aa, f., Cic. ; muries, ei, f., Varr. 
Steeped in brine ; muria conditus Brine, fig., for, the 
sea ; tears ; see SEA ; TEARS. 

To BRING, v. a. I. TO fetch from a place ; deferre ; 
deportare ; deducere. II. To fetch to a place ; ducere ; 
adducere; afferr^; apportare. III. To put into any 
particular state /redigere ad ; adducere in. IV. To 
induce ; aliquem ad rem impellere., incitare, or excitare 
Cic. V, 1. To bring about; efficere ; effectum reddere 
see To ACCOMPLISH, EFFECT. 2. To bring an action 
against any one ; litem alicui intendere ; see ACTION. 
3. To bring away; abducere; abripere ; auferre. 4. To 
bring back; reducere; reportare. 5. To bringdown, 
deprimere ; affligere ; dejicere ; see To HUMBLE. 6. To 
bring down; see To LESSEN. 7. To bring down; see 
To WEAKEN. 8. To bring down to the present times ; ac 
nostra tempora perducere. 9. To bring to an end ; ad 
umbilicum ducere, Kor. ; ad exitum perducere. 10. Tc 

bring m (as gain) ; producere ; proferre. 1 1 . To bring 
forth young f parere ; edere; eniti. 12. To bring forth 
"ruit ; fructum facere; proferre; edere, Cic. To 
>ring forth plenteously ; fundere ; effundere. 13. To 
iring by force; adigere ; trahere ; rapere. 14. To bring 
r orward witnesses ; testes producere, or adhibere. 15. 
To bring from ; deferre ; deportare. 1 6. To bring one's 
hand in; se operi assuefacere. 17. To bring in; see 
To INTRODUCE. 18. To bring in guilty, not guilty ; see 
To CONDEMN, ACQUIT. 19. To bring into; inducere; 
"nferre. To bring into danger, trouble, fyc. ; aliquem 
n periculum, angustias, adducere, impellere, inferre. 

20. To bring to life again ; see To RESUSCITATE, REVIVE. 

21 . To bring to light ; in lucem producere, or proferre ; 
see To BETEAY, DISCOVER, REVEAL. 22. To bring low ; 
see To HUMBLE, WEAKEN. 23. To bring to nought ; in 
lihilum redigere. 24. To bring off; expedire, Cic. ; sub- 

ducere ; extricare, Ov. ; liberare. 25. To bring on ; see 
To CAUSE, OCCASION. 26. To bring out; see To 
EXHIBIT, FREE, PUBLISH. 27. To bring over ; (tj> one's 
party) ; ad partes trahere, Tac. : (to one's opinion) ; in 
icntentiam suam deducere, traducere, pertrahere, Cic. ; 
Plin. Ep. 28. To bringto pass ; efficere ; effectum dare j 
see To ACCOMPLISH, EFFECT. 29. To bring to such a 

pass ; eo rem perducere ; in eo statu rem collocare 

The matter is now brought to that pass ; adeo res rediit ; 
n eum jam res rediit locum ; eo deducitur, ut ; Ter. ; Cic. 
30. To bring to poverty ; ad inopiam redigere. 31. To 
bring to remembrance ; in memoriam revocare, or re- 
ducere. 32. To bring to ; adducere. 33. To bring one 
toothing; alicui persuadere, ut. 34. To bring under; 
see To SUBDUE, TAME. 35. To bring up; see To 
EDUCATE,. INTRODUCE. 36. To bring up the rear ; 
agmen ducere ; agmen claudere. 37. To bring word ; 
nuntiare alicui aliquid ; alicui de re nuntium afferre, or 
perferre, Cic., ferre, Liv., apponere, Ter. ; see To 
ANNOUNCE, REPORT. 38. To bring word again ; renun- 

BRINISH or BRINY, a. Salsus. 

BRINISHNESS. s. Salsitudo. 

BRINK, s. Ora ; margo; crepido Fig., To be on the 
brink of; prope abesse ab ; proximum esse rei To be 
on the brink of destruction; periclitari ; in magno esse 

BRISK, a. I. Lively; acer ; vividus ; animosus ; 
alacer; see LIVELY. II. Powerful; vehemens. A 
brisk wind ; ventus vehemens A brisk shower ; imber 
densus ; ingens pluvia. 

BRISKLY, ad. Acriter ; alacriter ; vivide ; vehementer. 

BRISKNESS, s. Acritas ; ardor ; ingenii vis, Ov., or 
vigor^ Cic. 

BRISTLE, s. Seta, se, f. 

To BRISTLE, v. n. Subrigi, Virg. ; arrigi ; horrere ; 

BRISTLING, part. Horrens. 

BRISTLY, a. Setosus. 

BRITTLE, s. Fragilis, Cic. 

BRITTLENESS. s. Fragilitas, Cic. 


To BROACH, v. a. I. To spit; see To SPIT. II. 
To tap a vessel ; dolium vino plenum pertundere ; or, in 
domesticos usus aperire. III. To open any store; 
aperire, Cic. ; reserare ; recludere ; Ov. IV. To 
utter ; vulgare ; divulgare ; evulgare ; proferre ; in 
lucem proferre ; palam facere. : 

BROAD, a. I. Wide ; latus ; largus ; late patens 
To make broad ; laxare ; dllatare ; explicare. It is as 
broad as long; eodem redit. II. Large; magnus ; 
largus. III. Open, spacious ; amplus ; spatiosus. 
IV. Coarse; inurbanus ; rusticus. Broad speech or 
dialect; rustica vox et agrestis. 

BROAD AWAKE, a. Experrectus ; vigil. 

BROAD-BRIMMED, a. Lata margine. 

To BROADEN, v. n. Latescere, Col. : se laxare, expli- 
care, diffundere, Col.; se laxare in latitudinem, Plin. 

BROADNESS, s. i. e. Coarseness ; rusticitas. 

BROAD-SHOULDERED, a. Qui est quadrato corpore, or 
qnadrata statura ; SueJt. 

BROADSIDE, s. I. The side of a ship; navigii latus. 
II. Volley of shot fired at once from the side of a 
ship ; explosa ab uno navis latere tormenta. 

BROADSWORD, s. Rhomphaea, ae, f., Liv. 

BROCADE, s. Attalicum textile ; Attalica vestis. 

gotten by promoting bargains ; proxenetae debita merces. 
II. The trade of a broker ; proxenetae munus. 

BROCOLI. 5. Cyina, se, f., Plin. ; cyma, atis, n., Col. 

BROGUE, s. Mala pronunciatio ; plebeius, or rustica- 
nus, sermo. 

BROIL, s. Jurgium ; contentio ; rixa ; tumultus, us ; 
turba To raise broils ; tumultuari ; turbas ciere. 

To BROIL, v. a. (Carnem) super craticula torrere. 

BROKEN-HEARTED, a. JErumnosus ; dolore confectus. 

BROKEN-WINDED, a. Anhelus,Virg. ; suspiriosus, an- 
helator (equus), Plin.' To be broken-winded ; ilia du- 
cere, Hor. ; trahere, Plin. 
BROKER, s. Proxeneta, *, m., Mart. ; pararius, Sen. 



BRONZE or BRONZED, a. JEri concolor, Plin. ; a?ris 
colore imbutus. 

Tc BUONZE. v. a. JEris colore imbuere, or irrficere. 

BROOCH. I. A kind of ornament; gemmeus, or 
anreus, ornatus, us ; or, fibula. II. A painting all 'of 
one colour ; monochromaton. 

To BROOD, v. n. I. To sit on eggs; ova, or ovis, 
incubare, Col. II. Fig. Incubare. 

To BROOD OVER. v. a. Incubare ; (consilia) coquere ; 
meditari ; animo versari. 

BROOD. 5. I. A hatch ; pullatio; pullities, ei, f. ; 
pulli unu incubatione exclusi. II. Offspring ; proles ; 
soboles ; progenies ; Cic. ; propago, Virg. 

BROOK, s. Rivus A little brook ; rivulus. 

To BROOK, v. a. and n. Rem patienter, or a?quo ani- 
mo, ferre, Cic I cannot brook this; id indigne patior,, 

Cic. / cannot brook this affront; hanc injuriam con- 
coquere non possum, Cic. 

BROOM, s. I. A plant; genista, ae, f., Virg But- 
cher's broom; ruscus, i, f. ; ruscum, i, n. ; Virg. ; Plin. 
II. A besom; scopae, arum, f. pi., Plaut. A little 
broom ; scopula?, arum, f. pi., Col. 

BROTH, s. Jus, juris, n. ; jusculum ; sorbitio; Cels. 

To take broth ; jusculum sorbere, Cato. To live upon 

broth ; una sorbitione vivere, Cels. 

BROTHER, s. Frater, tris, m A little brother; fra- 
terculus. A full brother ; frater germanus A brother 
by the father's (mother's') side; frater ex eodem patre 

(eadem matre) natus A foster brother ; frater collacta- 

neus, Ulp. 

BROTHERHOOD, s. Fraternitas, Quint. 

BROTHERLY, a. Fraternus. 

BROTHERLY, ad. Fraterne. 

BROW. s. I. The arch of hair over the eye ; super- 
cilium ; palpebra. II. The forehead; frons, tis, f. To 
knit the brow ; frontem contrahere, corrugare To clear 
up the brow ; frontem exporrigere. III. The general 
air of the countenance ; frons ; vultus. IV. The edge 
of any high place ; vertex ; cacumen. 

To BROWBEAT, v. a. Torve, severe, aliquem intueri. 

BROWN, a. Fuscus ; pullus ; subniger. To make 
brown; fuscare ; fuscum colorem rei inducere. Brown 
bread ; panis ater To be in a brown study ; de re ali- 
qua attente meditari. 

BROWNISH, a. Subfuscus ; subniger. 

BROWSE, s. Vernus fruticum germinatus ; vescas 

To BnowsE. v. a. and n. Pastum morsu carpere, 
Cic. ; gramine, or 1 frondibus, pasci, Ov. ; herbas depas- 
cere, Col. 

BROWSING, s. Pastio, Cic. 

BRUISE, s. Cbntusio, Cels. \ sugillatio, Plin. 

To BRUISE, v. a. I. To crush ; plagis contundere ; 
sugillare, Plin. II. To break into powder ; infrin- 
gcre ; friare ; infriare To bruise small ; comminuere. 
To bruise in a mortar; pinsere; pilo contundere 
The act of bruising in a mortar ; pinsatio He who 
bruises; pinsor. 

BRUIT, s. I. Noise ; sonitus, us ; strepitus, us. 
II. Rumour; rumor; fama. 

To BRUIT, v. a. llumorem spargere, or dispergere. 
It is bruited abroad ; fama est ; jactatur. 

BRUMAL. . Brumalis ; hibernus. 

BRUNETTE, s. Subfusca. 

BRUNT, s. I. Attack; impetus; impressio; ag- 
gressio. II. Calamity ; calamitas ; infortunium ; ca- 
sus adversus, or infestus. 

BRUSH. I. An instrument for cleaning; scopula, 
ae, f. ; verriculum ; peniculus, Plaut. II. A painter's 
pencil; penicillus, Cic. III. A rude assault ; impe- 
tus ; aggressio ; occursus, us. IV. A bundle of small 

sticks ; virgultorum fascis Brushwood ; cremium, 

Col. V. A tail (of a fox) ; cauda. 

To BRUSH, v. a. I. To rub with a brush; scopula 
detergere, Col. ; verrere ; convcrrere ^ scopis purgare. 
II. To strike lightly or with quickness; stringere ; 
praestringere ; levi transcursu rem attingere, Cic. 

To BRUSH, v. n. I. To brush away or off; fostine 
aufugere; festinanter fugam capere. II. To brush by; 
celeriter et violenter praeterire. 

BRUSH-MAKER. s. Scopularum, &c., confector/ 


BRUTAL, a. I. Brutish ; ferinus ^ belluinus ; brutis 
affinis. II. Inhuman, cruel; ferus ; humanitatis ex- 
pers ; saevus ; ferox. 

BRUTALITY, s. Feritas ; immanitas ; saevitia ; fero- 

To BRUTALIZE, v. a. Effcrare. 

BRUTALLY, ad. More, or ritu, belluino ; ferociter ; 
S33ve ; inhumane, Cic. 

BRUTE, a. I. Senseless ; brutus. II. Brutal; 
soe BRUTAL. 

BRUTE, s. Brutum animal. The brutes ; belluzr, 
arum, f. pi. He is a brute ; immanis et fera boliun cst. 

BRUTISH, a. I. Brutal; see BRUTAL. II. Stupid) 
see STUPID. 



BUBBLE, s. I. A small bladder of water ; bulla, a?, 
f.A little bubble ; bullula, Cels. II. A trifle ; nu- 

gag, arum, f. pi. ; res nihili, Cic. ; gerrae ; tricae, arum, 
f. pi., Ter. 4 Mart. HI. A cheat; fraus ; fallacia. 

To BUBBLE, v.n. Ebullire, Cato; bullare ; bullire ; 
Cels. ; bullas emittere To bubble from the spring; un- 
J mte scatebra emicare ; undatim scaturire, Col. 


BUCCANFER or BUCCANEER, s. Latro ; praedo, onis, m. 

BUCK. s. I. The male of the fallow deer ; cervus ; 
dama, 33, m. II. The male of other animals. A buck 
goat; caper. A buck rabbit; cuniculus. III. A lye 

made of ashes ; lixivia, lixivium, or lixivum. Col Buck 

ashes; cinis lixivius, Plin.; lix, icis, f., Varr. IV. 
Clothes washed in that lye ; lintea lixivio lauta. V. A 
fop; trossulus. 

To BUCK. v. a. Lixivio lavare. 

BUCKET, s. Situla, Cic. ; situlus, Vitr. ; haustrum, 

BUCKLE, s. Annulus, or orbiculus, fibula instructus ; 
fibula TJie tongue of a buckle ; fibulae clavus. 

To BUCKLE, v. a. Fibulare, Col. ; infibulare, Cels. ; 
fibula adstringere. 

To BUCKLE To (a business), v. n. Rei, or ad rem, 
animum applicare ; ad rem incumbere, se conferre ; rd 
se dedere ; in re omnem curam atque operam conferre ; 


BUCKRAM, s. Carbasus illita gummi, Lucr. 

BUCKSKIN, s. Pellis cervina. 

BUCKTHORN, s. A shrub ; rhamnus, i,m.,Plin. 

BUCKWHEAT, s. Saracenum frumentum. 

BUCOLICS, Bucolica, orum, n. pi. 

BUD. s. Gemma, Cic. ; oculus, Col. 

To BUD. v. n. Gemmare, Cic. ; gemmascere, Col. ; 
gemmas trudere, Virg. 

To BUDGE, v. n. Loco se movere,Ter Not to budge 

an inch; nusquam pedem summovere, Ter Not to 

budge from a place ; in loco se continere, Cic Not to 

budge from a person ; ab alicujus latere nunquam dis- 

cedere ; alicui affixum esse ; Cic Do not budge from 

that spot ; ne te moveas, Ter. ; ne istinc te commoveas, 
Cic. ; nusquam te vestigio moveris, Liv. 

BUDGET, s. i. e. A kind of bag; hippopera, ae, f., 
Sen. ; (bulga, ae, f., Fest.). 

BUFF. s. Corium bubulum ; pellis bubula. 

BUFFALO, s. Urus, i, m., Caes. ; bos ferus, or silves- 

BUFFET/ s. I. A blow; colaphus ; alapa. II. A 
kind of cupboard; armarium. 

To BUFFET, v. a. Colaphos alicui impingere ; ali- 
quem colaphis ca;dere, pugnis contundere. 

BUFFOON, s. I. A pantomime ; mimus, Cic. ; his- 
trio. II. A jack-pudding; sannio, onis, m. ; scurra, 

, m., Cic Of a buffoon; scurrilis, Cic As a buf- 
foon ; mimice, Catull. ; scurriliter, Plin. To ploy the 
buffoon ; scurram agere ; scurrari, Hor. ; scurriliter lu- 
dere, Plin. Ep. 

BUFFOONERY, s. Scurrilis dicacitas, or jocus, Cic. ; 
vernilitas, Plin. ; vernile dictum, Tac. 

BUG. s. Cimex, icis, m May-bug; scarabaeus stri- 
dulus, Plin. 

BUGBEAR, s. Terricula, or terriculum, Liv. ; larva ; 
(terriculamentum, Apul.). 

BUGLE, s. Cornu, n. indecl. ; cornu venatorium. 

BUGLOSS. s. Buglossus, i, f. ; euphrosynum ; Plin. 

To BUILD, v. a. yEdificare, Cic. ; exaedificare, Cass. ; 
exstruere, Cic. ; struere, Mart. To build a city ; con- 
dere, or aedificare, urbem, Cic. To build a ship ; 
navem aedificare, or construere, Cic. ; navigium texere, 
Plin,, fabricari, Tac To build a bridge; pontem in 
flumine facere, Cic To build on another man's 
ground ; sedificium exstruere in alieno, Cic. To build 

on pillars, piles, %c. ; suspendere, Cic To build on the 

sand; in lubrico atque instabili fundamenta locare, 
Plin.; spe caduca niti, Ov._ To leave off building; 
aedificationem deponere, Cic. To spend money in build- 
ing ; in asdificiuTYi ppcuniam conjicere, Cic Materials 
for building ; aedifidis utilia, Plin. To build castles in 
the air ; in acre piscari, Plaut. 

To BUILD UPON. v. a. i. e. To rely -upon ; niti ; alicui 
magnoperc, or plurimum, fidere, cbnfidere ; in aliquo 
fiduciam habere, ponere, or reponere ; Cic. 
BUILDER, s. JEdificator; structor. 
BUILDING. 5. I. The act of building; aedificatio, 
Cic. ; structura ; Caes. II That v'hich has been built ; 
aediilcium, Cic. \ aedificatio, Cato; (and Cicero uses this 
word to denote a collection of buildings). 
BULB. s. Bulbus, i, m., Plin. 
BULBOUS, a. Bulbosus ; bulbaceus ; Plin. 
To BULGE, v. n. I. To founder; scopulis allidi. 
II. To jut out; exstare ; prominere; ventrem facere, 

BULK. *. I. Size; amplitude; mapnitudo ; crassi- 
tude. Of great bulk;; amplus; ciossus. A 


thing of vast bulk; moles, is. II. The whole or 
greatest part of a thing ,- caput ; pars major, or potis- 
sima To buy or sell by the bulk ; aversione, or per 
aversionem, emere, vendere, Ulp. III. The part of a 
building that juts out ; projectura, Vitr. ; exstantia, 
Col. ; venter, Plaut. ; quod prosilit, Plin. Ep. 

BULKY, a. I. Big ; ingens ; vastus ; crassus ; 

araplus. II. Corpulent; corpulentus, Plaut. 

BULL. s. I. The male of a cow; taurus. Of or 
belonging to a bull; taureus, Ov. ; taurinus. Plin Like 
a bull ; tauriformis, Hor A story of a cock and a bull ; 
sermo qui nee caput nee pedes habet, Cic. II. A letter 
published" by the pope; Roman! pontificis diploma 

A blunder; putidus error ; 

plumbo obsignatum 

BULLACE. s. Prunum silvestre ; Plin. 

BULL-DOG, s. Canis Molossus. 

BULLFINCH, s. Rubicilla, ae, f. 


BULLET, s. Globulus ferreus tormenti bellici ; glans 
plumbea. Red-hot bullets ; globuli ferrei igniti. 

BULLETIN. . Diaria scheda. 

BULLION, s. I. Gold or silver uncoined; auri, ar- 
genti, massula. II. Coin not current ; aes, argentum, 
or aurum, grave. 

BULLOCK.*. Juvencus ; buculus ; Varr. 

BULLOCK'S EYE (in architecture), s. Aperta in or- 
bem, or orbiculata, fenestella. 

BULLY, s. I. A quarrelsome fellow ; rixosus ; Col. ; 
jurgiosus, Cell. ; rixae cupidus ; rixator, Quint. II. 
A blustering coward ; thraso, onis, m. ; miles gloriosus ; 
Ter. ; pyrgopolynices, Plaut. 

To BULLY, v. a. Minari ; alicui minaciter insul- 
tare, Cic. 

BULRUSH, s. Juncus, i, m __ Of or belonging to a 
bulrush; junceus Full of bulrushes; juucosus. A 
bed of bulrushes ; juncetum. 

BULWARK, s. Agger, eris, m., Cic. ; munimentum ; 
propugnaculum, Liv. The bulwark of the state ; rei- 
publicse firmamentunij Cic. 

BUMBAILIFF. s. Lictor; apparitor. 

BUMP. s. Tuber, eris, n. 

To BUMP. v. a. Contundere ; colaphum impingere. 

To J3UMP. v . n. Tumere ; turgere. 

BUMPKIN, s. Rusticus ; agrestis. 

BUNCH, s. I. A hard lump; gibbus, i, m., Juv. ; 
gibber, eris, m. ; tuber, eris, n., Plin. II. A cluster; 
racemus. 1 1 1. A number of things tied together ; fasci- 
culus A bunch of feathers ; plumeus apex. 

To BUNCH OUT. v. n. Exstare; prominere. 
Bunching out ; gibbosus. 

BUNDLE, s. Fascis ; fasciculus ; manipulus. A 
bundle of rods ; fasces, ium, pi __ Bundle ojff'! abi ! 

To BUNDLE UP. v. a. Convasare, Ter. ; sarcinas colli- 
gere, Varr. ; res in fasciculum colligere, componere, 
cogere, or compingere. 

BUNG. s. Dolii obturamentum, Plin. 

To BUNG. v. a. Dolium obturare, Plaut. 

BUNG-HOLE, s. Foramen, inis, n. 

To BUNGLE. v. n. Infabre, or imperite, aliquid confi- 
cere, or facere. 

BUNGLER, s. Imperitus artifex. 

BUNGLINGLY. ad. Infabre ; imperite. 

BUNN. s. Libum; crustulum, Hor. 

BUOY. s. Ancorae index ; index ancorarius ; aquae 
innatans truncus. 

To BUOY UP. v. a. Sustentare ; suftulcire. 

BUOYANCY, s. Levitas. 

BUOYANT, a. Levis. 

BUR, BURDOCK. 5. A plant; lappa, ae, f. ; persolata, 
SB, f., Plin. 

BURDEN, s. I. A load; onus, eris, n __ A burden 
carried ; onus ; gestamen ; sarcina To be able to bear 
a burden ; oneri ferendo esse, Liv. To be unable to 
bear a burden; oneri non sufficere, Plin __ To lay a 
burden upon one ; onus alicui imponere, Cic __ To lay 
down a burden; onus deponere.or dejicere __ To take up 
a burden ; re se onerare ; onus tollere, Cic To under- 
take the burden of a thing ; onus suscipere, Cic __ A beast 
of burden; jumentum sarcinarium, Caes.,dossuarium, or 
vectarium, Varr., clitellarium, Col. II. The verse re- 
peated in a song ; intercalaris versus It is the burden 
of his song; eamdem canit cantilenam, Ter. 

To BURDEN, p, a. Onerare ; onus alicui imponere __ 
Tff burden severely ; onere gravare, or premere __ To 
burden the memory ; memoriam obruere __ To burden 
with taxes or imposts ; imponere plebi nimium ponderis, 
Cic. ; populum onerare, Plin. See To LOAD, OVER- 

BURDENSOME, a. Gravis ; onerosus. 

BUREAU, s. Armarium. 

BURG or BURGH, s. Municipium. 

BURGESS, s. Municeps ; civis ; homo municipalis. 
Right of a burgess ; jus civitatis ; civitas.. 

BURGHER, s. Civis potentior. 

BURGLAR, s. Parietum effossor, or eflractor; effrac- 
tarius, Sen. ; (effractor, Ulp.). 


BURGLARY. *. Parietum effossio vel perfossio. 

BURGOMASTER, s. Municipii praefectus ; urbis prases ; 
consul ; praetor. 

BURIAL, s. Humatio ; sepultura. See also FUNERAL. 

BURINE. e. A graving tool ; caelum, i, n. 

BURLESQUE, a. Jocularis ; i ocular ius ; Ter A bur- 
lesque style ; ludicrum dicendi genus. 

To BURLESQUE, v. a. Jocose, or joculariter, in aliquem 

BURLY, a. Pinguis ; crassus ; obesus ; corpulentus. 

BURN. s. Cutis (&c.) adustio ; ambustio To cure 

burns ; ambustis mederi, Plin. 

To BURN. v. a. I. To consume by fire; urere, Hor. ; 
comburere, Cic. ; deurere, Liv. ; exurere, Virg. ; cre- 
mare, Plin. To burn entirely ; concremare, Cic. To 
burn round; amburere, Cic To burn at one end ; prae- 
urere, Tac To burn alive ; vivum comburere, Cic 
To burn a town ; vastare urbem incendio, Cic. To 
burn a letter ; epistolam inflammare, Cic To burn in- 
cense to the household gods ; thure penates adolere, Virg. 

To burn daylight ; lucernam in sole accendere To 
burn to ashes; in cineres redigere. II. To scorch; 

urere ; adurere ; Liv. ; Ov To burn one's fingers, fig. ; 

detrimentum facere, or accipere, Cic. A burning thirst ; 
sitis urens. 

To BURN. v. n. I. To be on fire; ardere; flagrare; 
conflagrare. II. To be inflamed with passion: aestu- 
are ; exaestuare ; ira, amore, cupiditate, ardere, flagrare, 
incendi, inflammari, Cic To burn after / aliquid ar- 
dere, sitire. 

To BURN up. v. a. Urere ; adurere ; torrere. See 

BURNET. s. A plant; pimpinella, ae, f., Plin. 


BURNING, a. I. That burns; urens : comburens ; 
torrens. II. That is on fire ; ardens j flagrans. 

BURNING-GLASS, s. Speculum urens ; speculum quod 
adversum solis radiis accenditur, Plin. 

To BURNISH, v. a. (Aurum, argentum) polire, expo- 
lire, laevigare, laevare. 

BURNISHED, part. Politus ; laevigatus Burnished 
gold ; aurum politum, laevigatum, interrasile, tritu perpo- 
litum, Plin. Burnished silver ; argentum rasile, Veil. 

BURNISHER, s. I. One who burnishes ; auri politor ; 
(polio, onis, m., Jul. Firm.). II. A burnishing stick s 
politoris radula. 

BURNISHING, s. Politic ; laevigatio ; Plin. 

BURNT, a. and part. Ustus ; combustus; exustus ; 
Cic. ; perustus, Liv. ; deustus, Tac. ; crematus, Cic. 

BURNT-OFFERING. *. Holocaustum. 

BURR. s. I. The lobe of the ear; aurium terminatio, 
Cic. II. A round knob of horn next to a deer's head ; 

BURROW, s. Cuniculorum cubile, antrum, or latibu- 

To BURROW, v . n. Cubilia facere ; or, in cavum sub- 
ire, or irrepere. 

BURSAR, s. Thesauri custos ; (thesaurarensis, Cod. 


To BURST, v. a. Rumpere. See To BREAK, v. a. 

To BURST, v. n. Rumpi ; disrumpi, Plaut. ; see To 
BREAK, v. n To be ready to burst with laughing; ilia 
risu contendere ; risu solvi, Hor. ; -risu corruere, Cic 
To burst out into laughter ; in risum prorumpere To 
burst in pieces ; dissilire ; dissultare A cloudbursts; 
erumpit nubes, Virg The barns burst with plenty; 
horrea rumpunt immensae messes, Virg To eat till one 
bursts ; cibis se ingurgitare ; cibo se obruere, or vires op- 
primere, Cic. To be bursting with fat ; pinguedine de- 
hiscere To burst with envy ; invidia rumpi, Mart. 

BURST, s. Fragor. Burst of laughter ; cachinnus ; 
risus solutus, immodicus, inconditus Burst of sun- 
shine; fulgor; splendor. 

To BURY. v. a. I. To inter ; (mortuum) humare, 
or humo tegere, Cic., humo mandare, Virg. ; (corpus) 
terrae reddere, Cic., sepulcro condere, Ov. ; sepelire 
To bury alive; vivum terrae obruere, Sail., or defodere, 
Plin. Ep. There are hardly enough to bury the dead ; 
vix funeribus Libitina sufficit, Liv. II. To conceal; 
tegere ; celare ; occultare ; abscondere ; ah oculis remo- 
vere. To bury in the earth ; in terrain defodere, or ab- 
scondere ; terra obruere To bury a secret ; commissa 
silentio tegere, Curt. ; taciturn rem secum habere, Plaut. 

To bury a treasure ; thesaurum abstrudere, Plaut. ; 
opes condere, Virg. 

BURYING, s. Sepultura ; humatio. See BURIAL. 

BURYING-GROUND. s. Sepulcretum, Catull. ; com- 
mtme sepulcrum, Hor. ; (cemeterium, in ecclesiastical 

BUSH. s. I. A thick tree ; dumus, Cic. ; rubus, Virg. 

II. A bough of a tree fixed at the door of a tavern ; 

hedera vini venalis index Good wine needs no bush , 

vino bono non opus est hedera. III. A tuft (of hair) \ 

cirri, orum, pi. 

BUSHEL, s. Modius. Half a bushel ; semimodius. 
Three bushels ; trimodium. (See MODIUS.) 


BUSHY, a. I. Full of bushes ; dumosus. II 

Thick; densus ; spissus, Cic A bushy tret ; arbo; 

opaca, densa, or frondosa, Cic., spissa rainis, Hor. A 
bushy beard; opaca barba, Catull. 

BUSILY, ad. Actuose, Cic. ; sollicite, Suet. ; anxie 

BUSINESS, s. I. Employment; occupatio, Cic A 

man without business ; homo negotiis vacuus, Cic. j 
shall have business ; non deerit quod agam, Plaut. i 
have so much business on my hands ! quanta occupatione 
distineor ! quantis occupatipnibus implicor ! Cic. I will 
make it my business ; ei rei operam clabo. II. Affair, 
matter, subject of business ; res ; negotium ; Cic. ; negotin. 
orum, pi., Ter. An important business ; resgravis, Cic. 
A troublesome business; res invisa. A trifling business; 
negotiolum, Cic How does this business proceed ? ub" 
loco res est ? Plaut. ; quo loco res est ? Virg. The busi- 
ness does not proceed so fast as was expected ; res est spe 
tardior, Liv. The business is at a standstill; haeret 
negotium, Plaut. The business goes on well badly; 
res praeclare male se habet, Cic To attend to 
one's own business ; negotium suum agere ; rem priva- 
tam obire ; rationibus suis prospicere et consulere, Cic. 
To undertake conduct a business ; negotium sus- 
cipere gerere, agere ; Cic Togo to see any one con- 
cerning a business ; de re aliqua aliquem adire, Ter. 
A man of business ; natus rebus gerendis To be full 
of business ; multis negotiis implicari, obrui, Cic 
Full of business ; plenus negotii, Cic. III. The object 
that engages the care ; opus, eris, n. IV. Profession 

or occupation in trade ; mercatura, Plaut. ; commercium, 
Cic. : or, ars, Cic., if the business be an art To be in 
business ; mercaturam facere, Cic. ; mercaturas facere, 
Plaut. ; negotiari, Cic. ; commercium, or artem, exer- 
cere. V. Part, office, duty ; officium; pars; munus, 
onus, eris, n It is your business; tuas sunt partes ; 

hoc tua interest ; tua res agitur, Cic It is my business, 

you have nothing to do with it ; hoc nihil ad te, nostrum 
est onus. 

BUSKIN, s. Cothurna, ae, f. 
Buss. s. See Kiss. 

BUST. s. Signum pectore tenus ; statua dimidia sui 
parte trunca. 

BUSTARD, s. Buteo, onis, f. ; otis, idis, f. 
BUSTLE, s. Tumultus, us ; turba. To make a bustle ; 
turbas cicre ; tumultus movere, or facere. 

BUSY. a. I. Full of business; occupatus; negotiis 
impeditus, or implicatus ; negotii plenus, Cic. ; qui multa 
satagit, Sen To be busy ; satagere ; multis negotiis 
implicari. Always busy, in doing nothing ; gratis anhe- 
lans, occupatus inotio, Phaedr. II. Meddling, trouble- 
some ; qui se alienis negotiis implicat ; molestus. A 
busybody ; ardelio, onis, m. 

To BUSY. v. a. Aliquem in laborious exercere ; or, 
occupatum tenere To busy one's self about any thing; 
rei operam impendere ; in re versari, operam ponere, 
animum occupatum habere ; Cic. 

BUT. conj. I. As an adversative'; at ; sed ; verum ; 
vero ; autem. Obs. At, sed, verum, are used at the be- 
ginning of a sentence ; vero, autem, after one or more 
words. N. B. It may often be omitted, as, 1. In an 
antithetical sentence ; e. g. tu es dives, ego pauper : vero 
may be used in such a case, but it is more usually omitted. 
If the second member contain no predicate, but a ne- 
gative in its place, item should be used ; e. g. tu es dives, 
non item ego. 2. After sin ; e. g. si me amas, gaudeo ; 
sin me odisti, &c. But here vero may be employed with 
equal propriety. 3. When qui, quee, quod is used, at the 
beginning of a sentence, for is, ea, id, or hie, haec, hoc ; e. g. 
pater dedit mihi librum; quern cum legere vellem, &c. 
II. Except ; extra ; praeter ; when followed by a case : 
nisi; praeterquam; when not followed by a" case 
None but he; nemo praeter ilium, illo excepto, or si 

ilium excipias. III. Only; tantum ; solum ; modo 

He came but yesterday ; heri primum venit But a short 
time since; non ita pridem ; nuper admodum ; jam nuper ; 
nuperrime. IV. Now (in syllogistic forms) ; atqui ; at 
vero, Cic. V. But that, i. e. if not ; ni, nisi, nisi quod, 
or quod nisi, with a conjunctive. VI. But for, i.e. 
without ; absque. VII. Not but that; non quod non ; 
non quin. VIII. But, after no, none, never, scarce, 
seldom, and the like ; quin ; qui non ; nisi qui There is 
scarcely a day but he comes to my house ; dies fere nullus 
est quin domum meam veniret, Cic. There is none but 
is afraid of you; nemo est qui te non metuat, Cic. 
IX. But, after nothing, nothing else, and the like ; quam ; 
non; nisi. She does nothing but grieve; nihil aliud 
quam dolet, Ov / saw nothing but what was com*- 
mendable ; nihil non laudabile visi, Ov. laim at nothing 
but your safety ; nihil laboro, nisi ut salvus sis, Cic. 
N. B. But, for which not; quod non ; e. g. There is no- 
thing so incredible, but may be made probable by lan- 
guage ; nihil est tarn incredibile quod non dicendo fiat 
probabile, Cic. X. But, after cannot, is represented by 
non with an infinitive, or by quin, or ut non, with a con- 
junctive ; e. g. non possum non facere ; non possum quin, 
or ut non, faciam. XI. But, after not doubt, not fear, 


and the like ; quin ; ne non. XII. But if; sin ; sin 
autem. Butifjioi; sin minus ; sin aliter. XIII. But 
rather ; imo ; quin imo. XIV. But yet ; but however 
but at the same time ; at ; attamen ; tamen ; veruntamen 

BUTCHER, s. Lanius, Cic.; (lanio, onis, Pand ). A 
butcher's shop ; carnarium, Plaut. ; caruariae tabernae 
Varr. ; mensa lanionia, Suet. 

To BUTCHER, v. a. Mactare ; trucidare ; caedem fa- 
cere ; Cic. 

BUTCHERY, s. i. e. Murder, slaughter; ccedes ; strages 

BUT-END. s. Extremitascrassior. The but-end of a 
musket; igniarii clavula 

BUTLER. 5. Cellae vinariae curator ; vini promus 
or, in a wider sense, promus ; condus promus. 

BUTT. s. I. Mark to be shot at ; scopus ; meta, Cic. 

To be the butt of fortune ; ad omnes fortunae injurias 

exponi, Sen He is the butt of envy ; invidiae patet. 

II. Aim, end; finis: Cicero uses also <rxo*o; in this 

figurative sense. III. A vessel for wine, $c. ; dolium. 

To BUTT. v. n. Arietare ; cornu ferire. 

BUTTER, s. Butyrum, Plin To make butter; buty- 

rum facere, Plin Bread and butter; panis offula 

butyro illita. 

To BUTTER, v. a. (Panem) butyro illinere. 

BUTTERCUP, BUTTERFLOWER. s. Ranunculus, Plin. 

BUTTERFLY, s. Papilio, onis, m., Col. 

BUTTER-MAN, s. Qui butyrum vendit. 

BUTTER-TEETH, s. pi. Dentes anteriores. 

BUTTERY, s. Armarium promptuarium, Cato. ; (cella 
promptuaria; promptuarium; Apul.). 

BUTTOCK, s. Clunis ; nates, ium, f. pi. 

BUTTON, s. I. Catch by which clothes are fastened s 
globulus. II. Bud of a plant; gemma, Cic.; oculus, 

To BUTTON, v . a. Globulis (vestem) astringere. 

To BUTTON, v. n. (Of plants) ; gemmare, Cic. ; gem- 
mascere, Col. ; gemmas trudere, Virg. 

BUTTON-HOLE, s. Fissura cui globulus inseritur. 

BUTTON-MAKER. 5. Globulorum opifex. 

BUTTRESS, s. Anteris, idis, f. ; erisma, atis, n., Vitr. 

BUXOM, a. Hilaris; festivus. 

To BUY. i>. a. Emere, Cic. ; pretio emere, Ter. ; 
mercari ; comparare, Cic. ; pretio, or pecunia, compa- 
rare To buy up ; commercari, Plaut. ; coemere, Cic. 

To buy beforehand ; praemercari, Plaut To buy 

often ; emptitare, Plin. Ep To buy on credit; emere 
absente pecunia, or obstricta nummis fide, Cic. To buy 
for ready money ; emere pecunia praesenti, Plaut., or 
numerata, Cic To buy a bargain ; emere bene, Cic. 
To buy at a reasonable price ; emere salubriter, Plin. 
Ep To buy at a low price; emere vili pretio, vili, 
vilius, minimi. To buy dearly ; emere male, or carius, 

Cic. To buy too dearly ; emere nimio, Plaut To 

buy at a higher price ; emere pluris, or majori pretio. 
To buy by weight; emere pondere, Plin To buy a 
thing at its value ; emere quanti aestimatur, Cic., quanti 
aequum est, Plin. Ep. To buy at any price; emere 
quoque pretio, Cic. ; animosissime comparare, Suet. To 
buy provisions ; obsonare, Plaut. Fond of buying ; a 
great buyer ; emax, Cic. Fondness for buying; a mind 
to buy ; emacitas, Plin To be fond of buying; to have 
a mind to buy ; empturire, Varr. To buy and sell; 
mercari ; nundinari ; negotiari. To buy of one who hat 
no right to sell; a malo auctore emere, Cic To buy a 
pig in a poke; spem pretio emere. 

BUYER, s. Emptor; emptrix. A great buyer ; emax. 
To Buzz. v. n. I. Prop., of insects ; b'ombum fa- 
cere, edere, emittere,Varr. ; susurrare, Virg. ; strepere, 
Plin. ; murmurare, Col. II. Fig., of persons; susur- 
rare ; murmurare ; Cic. ; murmurillare, Plaut. ; mus- 
are ; mussitare ; Ter. 

To Buzz ABOUT or ABROAD, v. a. Rumorem spar- 
;ere, dispergere ; in vulgus ferre. 

Buzz, BUZZING, s. I. Hum of insects ; bombus, 
Varr. ; murmur, uris, n., Virg. ; fremitus, 6s, Col. 
[I. A confused noise ; fremitus, \ls. 

BUZZARD, s. I. A bird of prey ; buteo, onis, m. 
[I. A blockhead; bardus ; stolidus ; see BLOCKHEAD. 

BY. prep. I. (Denoting the agent) ; From, of, out 

if; a: ab ; e ; ex; de. II. (Denoting the cause or 

means) ; rendered by an ablative without a preposition, 

r by per with an accusative. III. (Denoting manner); 

By, with the word it governs, must usually be rendered 

y an adverb in im ; e. g. By stealth ; furtim. By dc- . 

\rees; gradatim. Street bystreet; vicatim. Man by 

nan; viritim By /rs;'alternatim. Sometimes in, 

with an accusative, is used ; e. g. By turns ; in vices. 
Day by aay ; in singulos dies. IV. (Denoting con- 
trinity) ; According to; de; ex ; e. g. de compacto, By 
agreement. V. (Denoting time); By the space of 
ircnty years ; per viginta annos. By break of day; cum 
>rima luce; diluculo, Cic. By night; per noctem ; 

loctu By day; interdiu By this time ; jam By 

he hour's end; intra horam. VI. (Denoting quan- 
:ity), after a comparative degree ; rendered by an ab- 
ative case of the word which denotes the measure ; e. g. 


Higher by ten feet than ; denis pedibus altior quam. 
VII. (Denoting proximity) ; Near to, near; (of rest) ; 
prope ; juxta ; secus ; propter ; apud ; secundum ; ad : 
the two latter to be Used only of place, not of person : 
(of motion) ; per ; prater. VIII. Before an English 
participle of the present tense, it is rendered by the 
gerund in do ; as, By giving; dando. IX. After verbs 
of motion, it is to be rendered by the ablative case of the 
word of place ; or by per (through), or praeter (beside), 

with an accusative By sea, by land ; mari, terra 

By the way ; per viam. X. After passive verbs or 
participles, it is rendered either by a dative of the agent, 
or by ab with an ablative ; e. g. He is not seen by any 
body; nee cernitur ulli, Virg He is praised by some, 
he is blamed by others ; laudatur ab his, culpatur ab illis, 
Hor. Sometimes the construction is made by per, with 
an accusative. XI. In forms of protesting, swearing, 
entreating, adjuring ; per ; e. g. per hanc dextram oro, 
Ter. ; per, te, parentis memoriam obtestor, Sen. XII. 
By reason of ; per; propter. XIII. By one's self, i.e. 
alone; solus. XIV. By weight; ad pondus. By 
rule ; ad normam. By the mother's side ; per matrem ; 
materno ortu. By candle-light ; de lucerna. By moon- 
light ; ad lunam By heart ; memoriter By much; 

multo. By how much ; quanto By so much ; tanto. 

By all means; omnino By no means; nequaquam. 

By some means or other; aliquo modo. By what 
means? qui ? quo pacto ? quo modo? By chance; 
casu ; forte ; fortuna. 

BY. ad. Haud procul ; in proximo ; prope To be 

by; adesse ; adstare; prsesto esse, Cic. When he was 
by ; praesente, or adstante, illo. 

BY AND BY. ad. Mox ; illico ; confestim ; protinus ; 
e vestigio ; extemplo. 

BY THE BY or BY THE WAY. ad. Obiter ; in trans- 

BY-END, s. Consilium secretius. 

BY-LANE, BY-STREET, s. Deverticulum ; via devia. 

BY-NAME, s. Nomen ridiculum, or nugatorium, Plaut.; 
appellatio ignominiosa, or probrosa, Plin To give a by- 
name ; fcedare aliquem appellatione, Cic. 

BY-PATH. 5. Semita devia ; deverticulum. 

BY-PLACE, s. Latebra ; secessus, us ; locus secretior. 

BYSTANDER, s. Spectator ; fern., spectatrix ; qui ne- 
gotiis, or in rebus, interest, Cic. 

BY-WORD, s. Dictum ; proverbium ; effatum ; Cic. 


CABAL, s. I. A union of several in some bad de- 
sign; coitio, conspiratio. II. Intrigue ; ars; fallacia. 

To CABAL, v. n. Societatem coire ; conspirare. 

CABALA. 5. Cabbala ; arcana Hebraeorum doctrina. 

CABALIST. s. Cabbalista. 

CABALISTICAL. a. Cabbalisticus. 

CABALISTICALLY. ad. Cabbalistice. 

CABALLER. *. Homo seditiosus ; fraudum artifex, 

CABBAGE, s. I. A plant ; brassica ; crambe ; olus. 
A cabbage-leaf; brassicae folium. A head oj 'cabbage ; 
caput brassicae. II. Any thing stolen ; furtum. 

To CABBAGE, v. n. Furari ; rapere ; surripere ; in- 
tervertere; avertere. 

CABIN, s. I. A small room; diaeta ; cella; cellula. 
II. A chamber in a ship ; dia?ta. III. A cottage ; 
casa ; tugurium ; or, casula ; tuguriolum. IV. A tent ; 
tentorium ; tabernaculum. 

CABINET, s. I. A private roomj conclave secre- 
tum ; aides secretae The cabinet or council of a 
prince ; conclave principis secretius. To consult in 
the cabinet ; secreta consilia agitare A cabinet minis- 
ter ; a sanctioribus consiliis principi A cabinet coun- 
sellor ; consiliarius interioris admissionis ; a consiliis se- 
cretioribus. II. A place in which rare or valuable 
things are kept; museum. III. A set of boxes or 
drawers for curiosities ; scrinium ; capsula ; cistula. 

CABINET-MAKER, s. Capsularum, or scriniorum, opifex. 

CABLE, s. Kudens ; funis ancorarius ; ancorale To 
cut the cable ; ancoram preecidere. 

CABRIOLET. 5. Volubilis currus, us ; currus gemin& 
tantum rota instructus. 

CACHINNATION. s. Cachinnus To raise or excite a 
cachinnation ; cachinnum movere. 

CACKLE or CACKLING, s. Clangor, oris, m. 

To CACKLE, v.n. Clangere. 

CADAVEROUS, a. Cadaverosus. 

CADE. s. Cadus, i. m. 

CADE. a. Cicur, uris ; mansuetus, a, utn. 

To CADE. v. a. Mansuefacere. 

CADENCE, s, Numerus, i, m. ; modus, i. m. Having 
a good cadence ; numerosus, a, um. With good cadence ; 
numerose. To preserve a good cadence; numerose 
orationem fundere; niuneris sententias claudere; nu- 
merum servare. 


CADET, s. I. A younger brothers frater minor 
natu. II. A young volunteer ; tiro, onis, m. 

CAG. s. Doliolum, i, n. 

CAGE. s. I. An inclosure for birds; cavea, ae, f. 
II. An inclosure for wild beasts; sepes, is, f. ; sep- 
tum; sepimentum, i, n. III. A kind of prison; car- 
eer, eris, m. ; custodia, ae, f. ; yincula, orum, n. 

To CAGE. v. a. Includere in caveam, in septum, or 
in career em. 

To CAJOLE. v. a. Blandiri ; adulari. 

CAJOLER. s. Blandus; adulator. 

CAJOLERY, s. Blanditia; adulatio. 

CAITIFF, s. Scelus, eris, n. ; scelestus, malus, i, m. ; 
nebulo, onis, m. 

CAKE.*. I. A kind of bread ; placenta, ae, f. II. 
A mass of any thing ; pondus, eris, n. ; massa, ae, f. 

To CAKE. v. n. Concrescere ; cogi. 

CALAMINE. s. Cadmia, se, f. ; aerarius lapis. 

CALAMITOUS, a. Miser, era, erum ; infelix ; calami- 
tosus. Calamitous times ; miserum et luctuosum 
tempus ; temporum tristitia, injuria, or iniquitas In 
very calamitous times; gravissimis reipublicae tem- 

CALAMITY. 5. I. Misfortune; infortunium, i, n. ; 
casus adversus ; calamitas, atis, f. ; res adversae ; ma- 
lum, i, n. II. Misery; infelicitas, atis, f . ; miseria, ae, 
f. To be involved in calamity ; esse in miseriis ; cala- 
mitate affligi ; fortuna duriori conflictari. 

To CALCINATE or CALCINE, v. a. In calcem redigere ; 
fervido igne torrere. Calcinated '; in calcem redactus. 

CALCINATION. *. Rei in calcem redigendae ratio. 

To CALCULATE, v.n. I. To compute, reckon; sup- 
putare ; rationem putare ; calculos subducere ; calculum 

ponere (poet.) To calculate the expense; sumptus ad 

calculos vocare ; sumptuum rationem habere. II. To 
adapt, adjust ; accommodare ; aptare. 

CALCULATED, a. Accommodatus ; aptus ; idoneus ; par. 

CALCULATION, s. Computatio, ratio, onis, f. 

CALCULATOR, s. Calculator, oris, m., Mart. 

CALDRON, s. Lebes, etis, m. ; cortina, ae, f. ; ahe- 
num, i. n. 

CALEFACTION. s. Calefactus, us, m., Plin. 

CALENDAR, s. Fasti, orum; ephemeris, idis, f. 

CALENDER, s. Prelum pannis laavigandis idoneum. 

To CALENDER, v.a. Prelo densare et expolire ; prelo- 
nitorem panno addere. 

CALENDS, s. Calendae, arum, f. 

CALF. s. I. The young of a cow ; vitulus, i, m. 
Of or belonging to a calf; vitulinus, a, um. A 
sea-calf ; vitulus marinus ; phoca, ae, f. II. The thick 
part of the leg ; sura, ae, f. 

CALIBRE, s. I. The bore of a gun; oris tormenti 
bellici diametros. II. Size, volume; amplitudo, inis, 
f. ; modus, i, m To be of a different calibre ; non bene 

CALICO, s. Tela e filo xylino texta. 

CALLIGRAPHY, s. Ars eleganter pingendi literas. 

To CALK. *. a. Navem reficere, or stipare ; stupa na- 
vis rimas farcire. 

CALKER. s. Navis refector. 

CALL. s. I. A verbal address ; vocatio, onis, f. ; vo- 
catus, us, m. II. A summons, invitation; accitus, us, 
m. (only in the ablative); invitatio. III. Impulse f 
impulsus, us, m. ; impulsio, instigatio, onis, f. IV. 
A calling over the names of those who are to compose an 
assembly ; nomenclatio, onis, f To answer to the call; 
ad nominarespondere. V. A visit,- salutatio. 

To CALL. v.a. I. To name; aliquem appellare, 
nominare ; nomine afficere ; nuncupare To call by 
name ; aliquem appellare nomine suo ; rem suo no- 
mine notare, or proprio nomine signare To be called f 
nuncupari ; nominari ; dici ; audire. What are you 
called f quid tibi nominis est ? / am called Phormio ; 
nomen Phomionis est mihi mihi est Phormio, Plaut. ; 
vocor Phormio, Ter He is called (or calls himself) 
by this name ; hoc est nomine, Ter. II. To summon ; 
aliquem vocare, evocare, accersere, asciscere, accire, ex- 
cijje. III. To invite; vocare ad ccenam. IV. To 
call in ; e. g. a physician ; advocare medicum aegro. To 
call in, i. e. to abrogate ; see ABROGATE To call in, 
i. e. to resume ; resumere, iterum capere To call in 
question ; rem in dubium revocare. To call back ; re- 
vocare; retractare ; retrahere ; reducere To call over; 
nominatim appellare ; nomina pronuntiare ; per nomina 
citare. To call out, i.e. to challenge; provocare; la- 
cessere ; adoriri To call out or aloud, i. e. to exclaim ; 
declamare ; exclamare ; aliquid clamitare ; reclamare 
To call together, i. e. to assemble ; convocare ccetum ; 
conventus indicere ; senatum cogere ; in unum locum 
compellere To call names ; aliquem contumeliis la- 
cessere, or afficere To call away ; abducere To call 
for; poscere, postulare To call off; avertere, abdu- 
cere, avocare, abstrahere To call aside ; aliquem 

seducere, e turba subducere, or educere To call forth ; 
evocare,; excire. To call upon (for aid) ; invocare ; im- 
plorare^ To call upon, i. e. to solicit for a favour or a 
debt i aliquem rogare ; rem ab aliquo petere ; postulare ;t 


poscere ; ab aliquo flagitare, or effiagitare To call t 

witness ; aliquem testem facere, or adhibere, antestar 
or contestari. To call to mind or to remembrance ; ren 

or rei, recordari ; rem t rei, or de re, reminisci To ca, 

to account; vocare aliquem ad calculos, Liv., or a 
computationem, Plin. ; postulate aliquem rei, or d 
re, Cic. ; Suet.; mores alicujus exquirere. To cat 
up (from sleep) ; e somno, or dormientem, excitare ; ex 
pergefacere. To call up the spirits. 1. (Of another) 
stinmlare et excitare ; animos excitare ; veterno arcer 
(poet.) 2. (One's own) ; se erigere, exsurgere. 

CALLING, s. I. Professions vitae genus, institutum 
or ratio ; ars ; munus ; officium. II. Station, condition 
vitae genus, conditio, or status ; or simply, status. 
III. Divine vocation ; divinus afflatus. 

CALLOSITY, s. Callum, Cic. ; callus, i, m., Cels. 

CALLOUS, a. I. Hardened; callosus ; duratus 

Curt. ; induratus, Liv. To be callous ; callere, Plaut. 

To become callous; occallescere, Plaut. II. Har 
dened in mind, insensible ; durus ; immisericors 

CALLOUSNESS, s. Duritas ; duritia ; durities, Ov. 
CALLOW, a. Implumis ; non pennatus. N.B. Pliny 
says, juvencae ave.s. 
CALM. s. I. Stillness ; tranquillitas ; tranquillum 

A calm at sea; malacia, Csss. ; maris mollities 
Plin.; tranquillitas, Cic.; tranquillum, Cic. II 
Freedom from passion ; animi tranquillitas ; animus 
tranquillus, quietus, or sedatus ; animi quietus et pla- 
cidus status. III. Freedom from disturbance; quies ; 

CALM. a. Tranquillus ; quietus ; sedatus. The sea 
is calm ; mare tranquillum est, Cic. ; stat ventis pla- 
cidum, Virg. ; silet aequor, Virg The sea having 
become calm ; sedatis fluctibus et tempestate commutata, 
Cic. ; sopito mari, Plin. 

To CALM. v. a. Sedare ; tranquillare ; tranquillum 
reddere; placare To calm the sea; fluctus sedare, 
Cic. ; motos componere, Virg. To calm a tempest ; 
tempestatem serenare, Virg To calm men's minds ; 
animos tranquillare, lenire, sedare To calm one's 
anger ' r iras ponere, tenere, or reprimere, Ov., cohi- 
bere, Virg., comprimere, Sen., sedare, Lucan. ; animum 
acidum et mollem reddere, Cic. 

CALMLY, ad. Tranquille ; placide ; placate"; sedate. 

To sleep calmly ; dormire placide, or sine cura. 
To hear ill tidings calmly ; acerbo nuntio nihil commo- 
veri To receive an injury calmly ; aequo animo in- 
juriam pati. 

CALMNESS, s. See CALM, s. 

CALORIFIC, a. Excalfactorius, Plin. ; calorificus, 

CALOTTE, s. Pileolus ; galericulus. 
CALTROP, s. I. An instrument with spikes ; murex. 

To set caltrops ; murices ferreos defodere ; muricibus 
locum sternere. II. A plant; tribulus ; carduus 

To CALVE, v. n. Vitulum parere, or eniti, 

Tp CALUMNIATE, v. a. Aliquem calumniari, or falso 
crimine accusare ; alicui falsum crimen objectare ; in 
aliquem calumniam adhibere, crimen fingere, falsum 

crimen contexere, or intendere Calumniated; calurn- 

niis impetitus ; falso accusatus. 

CALUMNIATOR, s. Calumniator ; obtrectator ; alienae 
famae violator. A female calumniator ; falsa accusatrix, 
Plaut. ; calumniatrix, Ulp. 

CALUMNIOUS, a. Contumeliosus ; calumniosus, Ulp. 

CALUMNIOUSLY. ad. Per calumniam. 

CALUMNY. 5. Calumnia ; falsa accusatio ; obtrectatio ; 
alienae famae violatio. 

CAMEO. *. Lapis anaglyptus. 

CAMAIEU. s. i. e. A picture of one colour^ imago 
monocromatos, or monochromateae, Plin. ; monochro- 
ma, Vitr. 

CAMAIL. s. Epomis, idis, f. ; humerale, is, n., Paul. 

CAMBRIC, s. Tenuissimo lino contexta tela. 

CAMEL, s. Camelus, Cic. ; camelinus, Plin. A 
driver of camels ; camelorum agitator. ( Camelarius is 
not Latin.) Camel's hair ; cameli pilus. 

CAMELEON. s. Chamaeleon, ontis, n., Plin. A Game- 
Icon's change of colour ; mutatio versicolor, Plin. 

CAMELOPARD. s. Camelopardalis, is, f. 

CAMELOT. s. Pannus e villo caprino contextus ; 
contextum caprinum. 

CAMERA-OBSCURA. s. Cella obscura in qua exteriora 
radiorum repercussu expressa depinguntur. 

CAMISADE. s. Antelucana, or nocturna, oppugnatio, 
or impressio. 

CAMOYS or CAMOUS. a. (Nasus) ab imo reflexus, or 
sursum retortus. 

CAMP. s. Castra, orum, n. Of or belonging to 
a camp ; castrensis To pitch a camp; castra ponere, 
locare, or metari. To force a camp ; castra perrum- 
pere To attack a camp ; castra adpugnare, or ad- 
sultare. A flying camp ; expedita manus ; agmen. 

To CAMP. v. n. In castris degere. 


CAMPAIGN, s. I. A large open tract of ground 
campus ; campus apertus, or patens ; camporum, or 
camporum patentium, aequor ; agri aequata planities 
camporum immensitates, or immensa spatia. II! 
Hostile movement of troops; bellum ; expeditio' 
The beginning of a campaign ; belli initium. _ A t 
the end of a campaign; exacta acstate. To open a cam- 
paign ; exercitum in expeditionem educere, or ex hi 
bernis movere This campaign has been successful 

bellum hoc anno sat feliciter gestum est We have 

brought the campaign to a close in three months ex- 
peditionem tribus mensibus confecimus. 
CAMPHOR, s. Camphora, ae, f. 

CAMPHORATE, or CAMPHORATED, a. Camchora im- 
butus ; camphoram redolens. 

CAN. s. Cantharus : sometimes it may be rendered 
by aquahs, or OBnopnorum, according to circumstances. 
To CAN. v. n. I. To be able ; posse ; valere 
pollere ; potestatem faciendi habere : esse, with a 
gerund in do; e.g. He can pay; est solvendo. J 
cannot ; nequeo ; non possum ; non est in manu mea ; 

mini integrum non est ; non est in mea potestate J 

cannot but ; non possum quin ; or, nequeo mihi tempe- 

rare quominus, (followed by a conjunctive) Let each 

do what he can ; quantum potest quisque nitatur / 

can read, speak, fyc. Latin or Greek ; scio Latine, or 
Graece He can paint; scitpingere. II. It expresses 
;he potential mood, and is to be rendered in Latin by 
the subjunctive, sometimes by the imperative, and 
sometimes by posse with the infinitive ; e. g. You can 
fay ; dicas, die, or potes dicere. 

CANAL, s. Canalis ; canaliculus ; fossa (when it 
connects two rivers or pieces of water). 

CANARY-BIRD, s. Avis Canariensis, or Fringilla Ca- 
naria, Linn. 

CANARY-GRASS, s. Phalaris Canariensis, Linn. 
To CANCEL, v. a. I. To annul, obliterate; abro- 
jare ; delere ; rescindere ; antiquare ; irritum facere. 
II. To cross a writing; scriptum lineis cancellatim 
uctis, or decussatis, delere ; or simply, scriptum de- 

CANCER, s. I. A crabfish ; cancer marinus. II. 
rhe sign of the summer solstice; Cancer. III. A 

'irulent sore; cancer, Cels. ; canceroma, Cels Of or 

elonging to a cancer ; canceraticus, Veget. 
To CANCERATE. v. n. Cancerare, Apul. 
CANCEROUS, a. Canceraticus, Veget. 
CANDID, a. I. White; see WHITE. II. Fair, open, 
ngenuous ; candidus ; simplicis veritatis amicus ; 
pertus ; sincerus A candid mind; liberalis, or inge- 
uus, animus. 

CANDIDATE, s. Candidates'; petitor A fellow or 

iv al candidate ; competitor; rivalis. 
CANDIDLY, ad. Ingenue ; sincere ; candide ; aperte ; 
x animo ; simpliciter. 
CANDIED, a. Saccharo conditus ; in crystallum 

CANDLE, s. Candela, Col A tallow candle; can- 
ela sebata, or ex sebo To make tallow candles f 
ebare candelas A wax candle; candela cerea A 

nould candle ; candela in formam fusa To work by 

^.ndle-light ; lucubrare. 
CANDLEMAS. 5. Lustrantis se Virginis festivitas. 

CANDLESTICK, s. Candelabrum A branched can- 

lestick ; candelabrum brachiatum ; candelabrum pensile 
tiultifidum A flat candlestick ; candelabrum manuale ; 
andelabrum humile manubrio instructum. 
CANDOUR, s, Animi candor ; ingenuitas ; simpli- 
tas He is a man of candour ; est veritatis amicus, 
ic. ; est pectore candidus, Ov. ; animus illi candidior, 

To CANDY, v. a. (Poma) (melle, saccharo) condire, 
omponere Fit to candy ; conditaneus, Varr. ; condi- 
nentarius ; condititus , Col. Candied ; saccharo con- 

To CANDY, v. n. In albicantem crustam concres- 

CANDY, a. In chrystallum concretus. 
CANE. s. I. A reed; canna ; arundo ; calamus. 
A bed of canes; arundinetum, Plin.; cannetum, 
all.; locus arundinosus, Catull. Bearing canes; 
rundifer Made of cane ; arundineus, Virg. ; canneus, 
ol. II. A walking-stick ; baculum ; baculus; scipio ; 
acillus ; bacillum A blow with a cane; baculi ictus. 
III. A reed used for inflicting blows; fustis. 
7 ith strokes of the cane; fustim. 

To CANE. v. a. Bacillo (with a cane used as a walk- 
ig-stick) aliquem caedere ; alicui fustem impingere ; 
uste percutere. 

CANINE, a. Caninus Canine hunger ; inexpleta 
d cibos aviditas, Plin. 

CANISTER, s. I. A small basket ; quasillum ; qua- 
llus ; corbula ; cistula ; cistella ; fiscella ; cala- 
liscus. II. A tin box; pyxis stannea ; capsula. 
CANKER, s. Cancer ; carcinoma, Plin. A canker- 
orm ; eruca, ae, f. ; campe, es, f. 


To CANKER, w. a. Corrumpere ; vitiare. 

To CANKER, v. n. Corrumpi ; vitiari. 

CANNIBAL. *. Qui captivorum, or hominum, came 

CANNON, s- ^Eneum murale, bellicum tormentum 
(g!ob,s ferreis excutiendis, if necessary) A cannon- 
ball; globulus ferreus e tormentis mittenduB. To be 
within cannon-shot ; interiorem esse periculo tormento- 

To CANNONADE, v. a. Displosis tormentis quatere ; 
tormentis muralibus verberare ; oppugnare tormentis. 

CANNONEER, s. Tormenti librator. 

CANON, s. I. A rule, statute ; statutum ; decre- 
tum ; regula; norma ; lex. II. The books of Holy 
Scripture ; libri s;icri, or canonici ; corpus librorum sa- 

crorum. III. A church dignitary; canonicus The 

canon, lav> ; jus canonicum. 

CANONESS. s. Canonica. 

CANONICAL, a. Canonicus ; ad canonum normam 

CANONICALLY. ad. Legitime, canonice. 

CANONIST, s. Juris canonice peritus, or professor. 

CANONIZATION, s. Alicujus in divorum numerum ad- 

To CANONIZE, v. a. Allquem inter sanctos rite refer- 
- e ; in nurnerum divorum rite adscribere. 

CANONRY or CANONSIIIP. s. Canonici munus. 

CANOPY. 5. Umliella. 

CANOROUS, a. Canorus : sonorus. 

CANT. s. I. A corrupt dialect; sermo barbarus, 
inconditus, plebeius, or rusticanus. II. A peculiar 
forrnofspeakin ; sermo inexplicatus. III. A whining 
pretension to piety or goodness ; fallax imitatio simula- 
tioque virtutis ; virtutis vnna ostentatio. 

To CANT. v. n. Sermone barbaro, &c. uti ; simulare. 

CANTEEN, s. Capsa loculata, lagenis convehendis 

To CANTER, v. n. Citato cursu ferri. 

CANTHARIDES. s. Cantharides, urn, f. pi. ; cantharidae, 
arum, f. pi. 

CANTICLE, s. Canticum. 

CANTO, s. Cantus, us,m. ; liber. 

CANTON, s. Regio; ragus. 

To CANTON, v . n. Vicatim dispergi. 

CANVASS, s. I. A kind of coarse cloth ; cannabum ; 
cannabis ; tela cannabina Of canvass ; cannabinus. 

II. The sails of a ship ; vela, carbasa, orum, n. 

III. Solicitation of votes; sollicitatio ; prensatio ; 
ambitus ; ambitio. 

To CANVASS, v. a. 1. To sift; rem ponderare, ex- 
pendere, perpendere, pensitare, examinare, considerare. 
II. To debate ; rem agitare, Cic. ; quaestionem excu- 
tere, Plin. 

To CANVASS, v. n. Ambire; aliquem prensare; ali- 
cujus gratiam aucupari. 

CANZONET, s. Cantiuncula, Cic. 

CAP. s. Pileum ; capitis tegumen, or integumentum. 

A lady's cap; calantica ; reticulum A little cap; 
pileolus A nightcap ; pileum dormitorium. 

To CAP. v. n. To take off the cap in salutation; 
caput aperire, or nudare ; caput alicui adaperire. 


CAPABLE, q. I. Able to hold; capax; qui, quae, 
quod, capit. II. Endued with requisite powers for 
any thing ; qui, quae, quod, potest, or valet. He is not 
capable of so a great crime ; abhorret a tanto facinore, or 
ab eo tantum facinus. Wicked men are capable of every 
crime ; cadunt in malos omnia scelera. III. Qualified 
.for ; rei capax ; idoneus ; ad rem agendam accommoda- 
tus. IV. Able to receive or understand ; qui intellec- 
tum rei capere potest ; aptus ad docendum. V. 
Learned ; doctus ; eruditus ; peritus. 

CAPACIOUS, a. Largus ; latus ; amplus ; spatiosus. 
N.B. Amplissimum magnitudine theatrum, Very 
capacious, Cic. 

To CAPACITATE, v. a. Dare alicui facultatem, or po- 
testatem, &c. 

CAPACITY, s. I. Room, space; amplitude, Cic. ; 
(capacitas, Col.). II. Power of the mind ; captus, 
us, m. ; facultas ; ingenii vires. According to my 
capacity ; pro meo ingenio ; pro modo ingenii, Cic. 

Things beyond one's capacity ; majora intellectu, 
Quint. This is beyond my capacity; hoc in mearn 
intelligentiain non cadit ; hoc superat captum meum ; 
Cic. III. State, condition; power, ability ; potestas; 

CAP-A X -PEE' or CAP-A V -PIE'. Armed cap-d -pie ; cata- 
phractus, J>iv. ; continuo ferro indutus, Tac. To arm 
one's self cap-a-pie ; justa arma sumere, Curt. 

CAPARISON, s. Phalerae, Hor. ; demissum undique 
equi stragulum. 

To CAPARISON, v. a. Equum tapetis insternere, 
Virg. ; equum amplo ac fluenti stragulo cooperire Ca- 
parisoned ; demisgo undique stragulo coopertus. 

CAPE. s. \. A headland ; promontorium. II. 

The neckpiece of a cloak ; colli amictus. III. A .kind 
Of cloak ; bardocucullus, Mart. ; sagum cucullatum, Col. 


CAPER. *. .1. A jump, leap; levis in sublime saltu*; 
or simply, saltus ; pedum saltando implkatio To 
cut capers ; agjli saltu se in sulilime tollere ; levi saltu 
In altum emicare. II. A bud of the caper-bush; cap- 
par, aris, n., Sail.; capparis, is, f., Plin.; cap| ari, n. 
indecl., Cels A caper-bush; capparis, is, f., Col. ; cap- 
par, aris, n., Plin. 

CAPILLAIRE. . Adiantum, Plin. 

CAPILLAMENTS (in flowers), s. Stamina, um, pi., 

CAPILLARY, c. Capillaris, Plin. 

CAPITAL, a. I. Relating to the head; capitalis. 
II. Principal, chief ; praecipuus ; principals, Cic. ; po- 
tissimus, Suet. III. 1. Capital (a principal sum)', 
caput; sors To risk one's capital; venire in dubium 
sortis, Ter. He gives without touching his capital ; dat 
de lucfo, nihil detrahit de vivo, tie. 2. A capital 
(city) ; urbs regni caput, Plin. ; urbium princeps, Hor. 

The enemy's capital ; capitalis hostis, Cic. 3. A capi- 
tal crime; capitale crimen,or facinus; crimen capitis, 
Cic It is a capital crime ; est capitale, Cic. 4. Capital 
letters ; majores, or majusculee, literae. 

CAPITAL, s. (In architecture); capitulum, Vitr. ; 
capitellum, Plin. ; epistylium, Varr. 

CAPITALIST, s. Homo pecuniosus ; dives positis in 
fenore nummis, Hor. 

CAPITALLY, ad. To accuse capitally ; litem capitis in 
aliquem inferre To proceed capitally against one ; de 
aliquo capitis, capite, or de capite, inquirere The ad- 
verb capitaliter occurs, Plin. Ep. 

< 'APITATION. s. Capitum exactio, Cic. 

CAPITOL, s. Capitolium. 

CAPITULAR. s. I. A body of the statutes of a chapter ; 
canonicorum, or monachorum, simul congregatorum de- 
creta. 11. A member of a chapti r; canonkus ; cui ju* 
suffragii est in canonicorum concessu. 

CAPITULAR, a. Ad cauonicorum collegium pertinens. 

To CAPITULATE, v. n. De arce dedenda cum oLsi- 
dentibus pacisci ; de conditionibus dedendae urbis cum 
hostibus agere ; or, ad conditiones venire, accedete. 

CAPITULATION, s. Arcis dedendae leges, or condi- 
tiones ; de arce dedenda pactio. 

CAP-MAKER. *. Pileorum opifex. 

CAPON. 5. Capus, i. ; capo, ouis. 

CAPOT. *. (At picket); ibliis lusoriis exutus. 

To CAPOT. v. a. Foliis lusoriis exueie. 

CAPOUCH. *. Cucullus, Juv. ; cucullio, Cato. 

CAPRICE, s. Libido; animi impetus; levitas. . 
To act by caprice ; lil idine rem gei ere, cr repentmo 
animi impetu, impetu quodam animi. Caprice of Jor- 
tune ; fortunae mobilitas, vices, Cic. 

CAPRICIOUS, a. Varius ; intonstans ; ingenio levis. 

Fortune is capricious ; vaga est et volubilis, or varia, 

CAPRICIOUSLY, ad. Repentino animi impetu ; impetu 
quodam animi. 

CAPRICORN, s. Capricornns ; caper ; brumale signum, 

CAPSTAN, s. Ergata, ae, f., Vitr. 

CAPSULE, s. Capsula, ae. f. 

CAPTAIN, s. I. (In the army); imperator, dux, 
ductor ; ordinis, or turmae, ductor ; centurio. A 
captain of the guard; praetoriae cohortis, or praetorii, 
praefectus A great or celebrated captain; belli dux 
prasstantissimus, Cic.; armis inclytus, Virg. II. (In 
the navy) ; navis praefectus. III. A leader of banditti i 
latronum dux (Of pirates') ; archipirata. 

CAPTAINSHIP, s. Praefectura. 

CAPTION, s. I. Seizure of person ; comprehensio. 
II. Seizure of goods ; in bona manus injectio. 

CAPTIOUS, a. I. Insidious, ensnaring ; captiosus. 

Captious arguments ; fallaces conclusiunculae. 
To deceive by captious arguments; disputationum 
laqueis irretire To answer captious arguments ; cap- 
tiosa solvere. II. Given to cavils, eager to object; 
censorius ; rixaa cupidus ; rixosus, Col. ; jurgiosus, 

CAPTIOUSLY, ad. Captiose, Cic. 

To CAPTIVATE, v. a. I. To bring into bondage; 
capere ; in servitutem dare, or addicere ; injungere alicui 
servitutem. II. To charm, ensnare, subdue ; capere ; 
animum devincire ; animum illecebris trahere, or de- 
linire; irretire ; voluntates hominum conciliare. 

CAPTIVE, a. Captivus ; in servitutem datus ; in car- 
cere detentus ; in vincula conjectus ; carcere inclusus. 

To make captive; in servitutem asserere, dare, 
addicere. To be captive ; esse in vinculis, Cic. ; atti- 
neri in carcere, Ter To hold captive, fig. ; animum 
illecebris trahere. 

CAPTIVE, s. Captivus ; in servitutem datus To 
redeem or deliver a captive ; captivum a servitute 
redimere ; aliquem e vinculis eximere, or e custodia 

CAPTIVITY, s. Captivitas ; servitus, utis, f. ; see 
SLAVERY To hold in captivity; servitute opprimere. 

To deliver from captivity ; alicui finem captivitaris 
afferre; servitutem ab aliquo repellere, Cic To be re- 


Irna-d from captivity ; servitutem exuere, Liv. ; servitio 
exire, Virg. 

CAP roil. s. Qui capit, &c. 

CApri'RE. s I. Tiii' act of taking ; captura ; captio s 
Cell. ; c')tnprehensir>. II. A thing taken ; prajda. 

CAPUCHIN, s. Capucinus. 

CAR. *. Currus, us, m., Cic. ; plaustrum, Cic. ; carrus, 
i. m., Caes. ; carruca, ae, f., Flin. 

CARABINE or CARBINE. *. Sclopeti genus ad equitis 
tisum accommodatum. 

CARABINEER, s. Sclopetarius. 

CARACOL. s. I. (In architecture); helix, ids, f., Vitr. 
II. (In menage) ; equi in gyrum conversio. 

To CARACOL. v. a Equum drcumagere. Curt. 

CARAVAN. J. Peregre euntium, securitatis ergo, con- 
greirata manus. 

CARAVANSARY. .?. Orient.ile diversorium. 

CARAWAY or CARVVAY. s. Careum, ei, n., Plin. 

CARBONADO, s. Ofelia, Juv. 

To CARBONADO, v. a. Carbonibus urere, Ov., or tor- 
rere ; coquere carbonibus, Plin. 

CARBUNCLE, s. I. A precious stone ; carbunculus, 
i, m., Plin. II. A kind of swelling; carbunculus, Cels. ; 
anthrax, ^Emil. Macer. 

CARCASS, s. Putens cadaver. 

CARCELAGE. s. Carcerarium tributum. 

CARD. s. I. A piece of thick paper ; charta spissipr. 

II. A paper used in games ; charta, or scida, lusoria ; 

folium lusorium. A pack of cards; foliorum lusori- 

orum scaphus To play at cards ; chartis, scidis, or 

pictis foliis, ludere. To shuffle the cards ; folia per- 
miscere. III. An instrument to comb wool; ferreus 
pecten quo lana carminatur. 

To CARD. v. a. i. e. To comb wool ; lanam carminare, 

Varr The act of carding ; carminatio, Plin Carded 

wool ; lana pectita, Col., or carpta, Cels. 

CARDER, s. Qui (quae) lanam carminat. 

CARDINAL a. Praedpuus. 

CARDINAL, s. Cardinalis. The college of cardinals ; 
purpurati, or causiati, patres ; ecclesiae principes. 

To be promoted to the cardinalship, or to be made 
a cardinal ; in sacrum cardinalium, or purpuratorum j 
patrum, collegium cooptari, or adscribi. 

CARE. s. I. Concern, anxiety ; cura; angor; anx- 
ietas ; sollicitudo ; cura anxia, Cic. Domestic cares ; 
domestii'aru'n aculei solliritudinum. To be oppressed 
or beset with cares ; sollicitudinibus exedi, Cic. ; mille 
curis urgeri, Lucr. II. Diligence; cura; diligentia; 
accnratio; studium, Cic. With care; accurate, Ter. ] 

With great care; accuratissime, Cic To take care 
(of a person) ; curae aliquem habere, Cic.; studiainali- 
quem conferre, Cic. ; pro aliquo curam gerere, Virg. : 
(of a patient) ; curare alicujus morbum : (of a thing) ; 
rem curare, euros habere, Sail. ; rem sibi curse habere ; 
ad rem curam conferre, or adhibere, Cic. : (of one's 
health) ; valetudinem suam curare ; valetudini suae dare 
operam, indulgere, qr inservire ; adhibere curam in tu- I 
enda valctudine, Cic. : (of one's interests) ; rebus suis | 
studere ; commodis et utilitati suae consulere, Cic. To \ 
take care that; curare ut ; operarn dare ut ; with a 
conjunctive, Cic. III. The object of care; in quem 
(quod) studia conferimus, &c. 

To CARE. v. n. I. To be anxious about any thing; 
rem curare, or curae habere ; de re laborare, Cic. ; see 
To take care, iq CAKE, s. / care greatly for it; 
antiquissimum id habeo, or mihi est, Cic. ; nihil an- 
tiquius habeo, or est mihi quam ut, with a conjunctive, 
Cic. / do not care for it ; haec res neglectui est mihi, 
Ter. ; hoc me minime sollicitat, Col. ; hujus rei nulla 
me cura tangit, Liv. ; id nihil moror, Plaut To care 
for nothing; Olnnia sus deque habere, Plaut.; nihil 
curare, Cic. II. To be disposed for or to ; ad rem 
delabi, propensum esse, or inclinare, Cic. ; propendere 
in aliquem inclinatione voluntatis, Cic. ; erga alterum 
impensa esse voluntate. 

To CAREEN, v. a. Navem reficere, Caes. ; laceratum 
navigium, or quassam navem, reficere, Curt. ; Hor The 
act of careening ; navis refectoratio, Sail., or refectio, 

CAREER, s. Curriculum, Cic. ; cursus, us, m., Virg. 

To finish one's career, end one's life ; vitae cursum 
peragere, Virg., or finem implere, Plin. ; vitam, or vitas 
spatium, decurrere, Propert. : (with honour); recte et 
honeste vivendi curriculum conficere. 

CAREFUL, a. I. Attentive; rei, or ad rem, attentus, 
or intentus To be careful ; rei attentum se praebere ; 
ad rem animum intendere ; or mentem admovere ; men- 
tem in aliquid intentam et infixam habere. II. Heed- 
ful, iratchjnl ; providus ; providens ; consideratus et 
prudens ; cautus. III. Anxious; anxius, sollicitus. 

CAREFULLY, ad. Accurate ; diligenter ; studiose ; se- 
dulo ; attente ; attonto animo ; acri et intento animo. 

To listen carefully ; aliquem attente, or attentissimo 
animo, audire ; alicui attentum se auditorem, or aures 
attentas, praebere ; aures erigcre et attendere animum, 



CARFFULNESS. s. I. Vigilance; attentio ; acerrima 
et attentissima cogitatio ; vigilantia ; sedulitas ; Cic. 
II Caution ; provisio ; providentia ; f_'-umspectio ; con- 
sideratio ; considerantia ; prudentia; ^iC. 

CARELESS, a. I. Without care or anxiety ; sine cura ; 
curis, OY omui molestia, vacuus, Cic. II. Negligent 
negligens, Cic. ; indiligens, Ter. ; incuriosus, Tac. 

CARELESSLY, ad. Negligenter ; indiligenter ; oscitanter 
perfunctorie ; Cic. 

CARELESSNESS, s. Negligentia ; officii indiligentia ; in 
praestando officio negligentia ; incuria ; indiligentia ; 

To CARESS, v. a. Aliquem blanditiis delinire, Cic. ; 
alicui blandiri, palpari, suppalpari, blande palpari, Piaut. 

CARESS, s. Blandimentum ; blanditias, arum, pi. 

CARGO, s. Navis onus A ship with her cargo on 
board ; exstructa navis mercibus, Mart. 

CARICATURE, s. Pictura quae exaggerando deridendum 
aliquem propinat. 

To CARICATURE, v. a. Aliquem deridendum propinare, 

Ter. ; praebere; in fabulas mittere, Quint Ludo seria 

vertere, Hor. 

CARIES or CARIOSITY, s. Vitiatorum ossium caries. 

CARIOUS, a. Cariosus. 

To CARK. v. n. Animo angi ; angoribus se dedere. 

CARLE, s. Homo ferus, humanitatis expers, ferox, 

CARMAN, s. Carri, or plaustri, ductor. 

CARMELITE, s. Carmelitanus ; Carmelita,. aa, m. A 
bare-footed Carmelite ; Carmelita excalceatus. 

CARMINATIVE, a. Quod ventos abigendi vim habet. 

CARMINE, s. Minium. 

CARNAGE, s. Strages ; caades ; internecio To make a 

carnage ; stragem edere ; Ccedem facere. 

CARNAL, a. Voluptatibus deditus ; libidinosus ; vo- 

luptarius To be carnal; libidini parere Carnal 

pleasure ; libidinosa voluptas. 

CARNALITY. 5. Corporeae voluptatis studium ; molli- 
ties ; sensus voluptarius. 

CARNALLY, ad. Libidinose ; humanae vitas delicias 
consectando Carnally minded ; humanae vitae commo- 
dis deditus. 

CARNATION, s. I. A sort of flower ; caryophyllus 
hortensis ; ocellus. II. Flesh colour ; carnis color. 

CARNELION or CORNELIAN, s. Onyx corneola ; sarda, 

CARNEOUS. a. Carnosus. 

CARNIVAL, s. Bacchanalia, um, pi., Plaut. ; Hilaria, 
Macr. To celebrate a carnival; Bacchanalia exercere ; 
geniales dies exercere. 

CARNIVOROUS, a. Carnivorus. 

CAROB-BEAN. s. Siliqua. 

CAROL. 5. Cantilena ; cantio. 

To CAROL, v, n. Cantare ; cantitare ; canere. 

To CAROUSE, v. n. Perpotare ; permultum, largius, 
intemperantius, Graco more, bibere, or potare ; largissime 
se invitare, Suet. 

CAROUSE or CAROUSAL, s. Larga compotatio. 

CARP. s. A fish ; cyprinus, i, m., Plir. 

To CARP AT. v. n. Carpere, Cic. ; rem in aliquo, or 
aliquem in re, reprehendere, Cic. ; facta reprehendere, 
or obtrectare, Tac. N.B. Carpit omnes dente male- 
dico ; omnibus censoriae severitatis nomen inurit, Cic. 

CARPENTER, .y. Lignarius ; lignarius faber, Cic. ; Liv. ; 
materiarius, Plaut. 

CARPENTRY, s. Materiaria fabrica, Plin. ; materiatura, 
Vitr. ; ars materiaria, Vitr. 

CARPER, s, Morosus, or malevolus, reprehensor, or 
censor ; obtrectator, Cic. 

CARPET, s. Tapes A Turkey carpet ; tapes opere 

Turcico To bring a business upon the carpet ; quass- 

tionem ponere ; de re sermonem inferre, or instituere, 
Cic. To be upon the carpet ; agitari sermonibus, 
Liv. ; in sermonem hominum venire. The question is 
upon the carpet ; quaestio in manibus est. To bring 
again upon the carpet ; rursus rem exagitare ; materiaru 
retractare, Quint. 

CARPING, a. Censorius ; maledicus. 

CARRIAGE.*. I. The act of carrying ; vectiojvectura, 
Cic. ; portatio, Sail. ; evectus ; evectio ; invectus ; advectio. 
II. A vehicle (for goods and persons); carrus; 
plaustrum : (for persons c.nly) ; cisium ; rheda ; currus, 
us; carruca. An open carriage; carpentum. A 
close carriage ; pilentum ; see COACH. III. Reward 
for carrying ; vehes, is ; vehis, is, Plin. ; vecturas 

Eetium ; pretium pro rei vectura. IV. (Of 'a cannon) ; 
jneus bellici tormenti apparatus. _ V. Personal 
manners ; corporis habitus ; incessus ; ingressus ; ha- 
bitus : it may sometimes be rendered by vultus, fades, os. 

CARRIER, s. Qui vellaturam, or vecturam, facit ; lator. 
A wafer-carrier; aquarius. A letter-carrier s tabel- 
larius, Cic. ; literarum lator, Sen. 

CARRION, s. Putens bestia; cadaver. 

CARROT, s. Pastinaca hortensis, or sativa. 

CARROTINESS. 5. Rufus color. 

CARPOTY. a. Rufus. Somewhat carroty i rufulus ; 



To CARRY, v. a. I. To convey ; vehere ; portarc ; 
de vehere ; deportare ; ferre : (in a cart, &c.) ; vectare ; 
conveotare ; advectare. II. To bear (a burden) ; onus 
hurneris sustinere, Cic. ; bajulare sarcinas, Phaedr To 
carry an infant in one's arms ; infantem tenere manibus. 
III. To have about one ; gerere To carry money 
about one ; gravem nummis crumenam ferre. IV. To 
gain ; obtinere ; consequi. To carry the cause ; ju- 
dicio vincere; causam obtinere, Cic., vincere, Ov. 
We have carried the cause ; nostra omnis lis est, Plaut. 
. To carry the bell; palmam ferre, Cic. ; premium 
referre, Lucr. ; palmam adipisci, Plin. To carry the 
day, carry one's point ; victoriam referre, or adipisci, 
Caes., consequi, or ab hoste reportare, Cic. V. 1. To 
carry away ; rem e loco asportare ; exportare ; auferre : 
(by force) ; abstrahere. 2. To carry all before one ; omnia 
sibi substernere, Cic. 3. To carry back ; reducere ; re- 
vehere ; referre ; rem in suum locum referre. 4. To carry 
down ; rem demittere ; rem e loco edito in inferiorem de- 
mittere. 5. To carry forth or out ; efferre ; exportare ; rem 
e loco promere, or depromere ; extrahere ; elicere. 6. To 
carry out, i.e. to advance ; rem promovere, provehere, 
protrudere, Cic. 7. To carry in or into , inferre ; intro- 
ferre. 8. To carry off',- tollere ; auferre : (by death) ; see 
To KILL. 9. To carry on, i.e. to prosecute, promote ; 

pergere ; instituta persequi ; exorsa pertexere, Cic 

To carry on war ; bellum gerere. 10. To carry over ; 
transportare ; transferre ; transvehere. 11. To carry to 
and fro ; circumferre ; circumgestare. 12. To carry 
through ; sustinere ; defendere ; tueri. 13. To carry 
letters ; literas deferre, perferre, or deportare, Plaut. ; 
Cic. ; Caes. 14. To carry arms ; militari ; militiam pro- 
fited, Cic., or colere, Ov. Of age to carry arms; 
militias maturus, Cic To carry arms under a general; 
militare in ducis exercitu ; sub aliquo mereri stipendia, 
or stipendium facere ; or, apud aliquem mereri, Cic. 
To carry arms against one ; arma contra aliquem ferre. 
.15. To carry it high ; magnifice, or altius, se efferre. 16. 
To carry coals to Neiv castle ; in mare fundere aquas, 
Ov. ; Alcinoo poma dare. 

To CARRY ONE'S SELF. v. n. Agere ; se gerere ; se 

CART. s. Carrus, i, m. ; plaustrum ; currus, us. To 
set the cart before the horse ; praspostere agere, Cic. ; 
primis ultima praeponere, Hor. 

To CART. v. a. Carro vehere ; plaustro expor- 

CARTE-BLANCHE, s. Potestas rei gerendae ad arbitrium. 
You have carte-blanche : tua est optio, Plaut. ; tota 
hujus rei potestas tua est, Cic. 

CARTEL, s. I. A challenge ; scripta ad singulare 
certamen provocatio. II. Compact for exchange of 
prisoners ; captivis redimendis pactio. 

CARTER, s. Carri, or plaustri, ductor. 

CART-HORSE, s. Jumentum. 

CARTHUSIAN, s. Carthusianus ; Carthusiensis The 

Carthusian monastery ; Carthusianorum monasterium. 

CARTILAGE, s. Cartilago, Cels. 

CARTILAGINOUS, a. Cartilaginosus, Plin. 

CARTOUCH or CARTRIDGE, s. Pulveris sulphurei 
modus ad emissionem tormenti accommodatus. 

CART-LOAD, s. Vehes, or vehis, is, Plin. 

CART-RUT, s. Orbita, as, f., Cic. ; rotas vestigium. 

CART-WRIGHT, s. Plaustrorum, or curruum, faber. 

To CARVE, v. a. I. To grave; caslare; scuipere ; 
exsculpere ; insculpere ; incidere That may be carved; 
sculptiiis. I T. To cut meat at table j carpere ; resecare ; 
discerpere ; distribuere. 

CARVER, s, I. A graver ; caelator; sculptor. II. 
One tvho cuts meat at table ; scindendi obsonii magister, 
Sen. ; carptor, Juv. ; (scissor, Petr.). 

CARVING, s. I. The art of carving ; sculptura ; cae- 
latura. II. Figures carved ; opus sculptile. 

CARUNCLE, s. Caruncula, Cels. 

CASCADE, s. Prseceps aquae lapsus ; ex alto desiliens 
aqua, Plin. Ep. 

CASE. s. I.. A sheath; theca ; vagina. II. 

Thing, matter ; res. A case of conscience ; quasstio 
quae circa conscientias leges versatur. To resolve 
a case of conscience ; quaestionem ad conscientiam per- 
tinentem solvere. III. Contingence; casus, us, Cic. ; 
eventus, us, Plin. If the case should occur ; si casus 
incident, Cic. In that case ; id si contigerit, evenerit, 
or accident ; in tali re In case of death ; si quid hu- 
manitus acciderit. Suppose the case -to be so or so; 
ponamus, or fac, ita esse, or rem ita se habere. IV. 
Of the inflection of nouns; casus, us, Sen, 

To CASE. v. a- Tegere ; contegere ; cooperire. 

CASEMATE, s. (In fortification) ; ima crypta ad latera 
propugnaculorum . 

CASEMENT, s. Fenestella ; transenna ; fenestra. 

CASH. s. Prassens pecunia. A cash-box; capsa; 
area ; theca nummaria. 

CASH-KEEPER or CASHIER, s. Rei, or arcac, nummariae 
prsepositus ; mensarius, Cic. 

To CASHIER, v. a. Aliquem de loco deraovere ; dimit- 
Ssre ; loco movere. 

CASING, s. Tegmen ; tegumen , opertrrium ; tegu- 
mcntum ; operimentum ; involucrum ; iutc guinea tuin. 

CASK. s. Cadus, i, m. 

CASKET, s. Arcula, Cic. ; capsa, Plin. ; capsula, C'atull. 

CASQUE. *. Cassis, idis.f. ;galea, Caes. ; Cic Caiquedj 

galeatus To put on a casque ; galeam induere, Caes. ; 
casside caput abdere, Ov To take off' a casque ; g ileam 

CASSIA, s. Cassia cathartica. 

CASSOCK. *. Tunica talaris. A short cassock ; tunica 
brevior Wearing a cassock ; tunicatus. 

To CAST. v. a. I. To throw; jacere; conjicere. 
To hurl (a weapon) ; telum in aliquem jacere, con- 
jicere, immittere, vibrare, or intorquere To cast 

one's setf at one's feet ; ad pedes se abjicere, se ster- 
nere, procumbere, Cic., se projicere, Caes. II. To 
compute, reckon ; rationes subducere, or inire ; see To 
COMPUTE, RECKON. III. To condemn; damnare ; 
condemnare ; petitorem actione sua submovere. IV. 
To found; metalla liquare, or liquefacere ; ex aere ima- 
ginem fundere. V. To consider; perpendere ; popde- 
rare ; aestimare ; expendere atque aestimare ; Cic. V 1. 
To lay aside ; mutationem (vestis, &c.) facere. VI I. I . 
To cast away; projicere; fundere. 2. To cast down i 
deficere; fig., aliquem spe, or opinione dejicere, Cic. 
3. To cast forth ; see To EMIT. 4. To cast in one's teeth ; 
rem alicui objicere, opponere To cast into sleep ; so- 
pire, Liv. ; consopire, Cic. ; soporare ; somnum alicui 
inferre, Plin To cast into prison; in vincula conjicere. 
5. To cast off; see To DISCARD, REJECT To cast off 
clothes; vestes ponere, or deponere. To cast a skin, 
&c. ; annua vernatione defungi ; defluvium pati ; see To 
SHED To cast off" the dogs (in hunting) ; canes emit- 
tere, Cic. 6. To cast out ; ejicere ; ejicere foras ; ejicere 
aliquem foras aedibus, Plaut. ; pellere ; depellere ; ex. 

pellere ; extrudere To cast out of the senate ; de se- 

natu movere. 7. To cast up. ' To raise ; see To RAISE. 
2 - To compute, reckon ; see above, II. 3 - To vomit ; see 
To VOMIT To cast one's nativity ; exdienatali prsedi- 
cere quo quis fato natus sit, Cic. 

CAST. s. Jactus, us, m A stone's cast; ad jactum 
lapidis A cast at dice ; tesserae jactus Cast of the 
eye ; oculorum coujectus ; intuitus ; contuitus. To 
have a cast in one's eye; esse distortis, or perversis, 
oculis, Cic. ; oculos distorquere, Hor The cast of a 
net; jactus They are of the same cast ; sunt ejusdem 
farinae ; ex eadem officina exierunt ; Cic. 

CASTANETS, s. Crumata, or crusmata, um, pi., Mart. 

CASTAWAY, s. ^term's supplier's addictus ; or, homo 

CASTER, s. LA thrower; qui jacit &c. II. A 
calculator ; qui calculos subducit, &c. III. A small 
brass wheel under a post, $c. ; rotula. 

To CASTIGATE, v. a. I. To chastise ; castigare ; 
pcena mulctare, or afBcere ; in aliquem animadvertere j 
pcenas, ab aliquo repetere. II. To amend or polish a 
writing ; opus emendare, or perpolire, Cic. : opus limare, 

CASTIGATION. s. I. The act of punishing; casti- 

gatio ; animadversio Deserving castigation ; castiga- 

bilis, Plaut. ; animadvert endus, Ter. II. Emendation; 
correctio ; emendatio ; Cic. 

CASTING-HOUSE, s. Fundendi metalli officina. 

CASTING-NET, s. Funda. 

CASTLE, s. I. A house of defence ; castellum ; cas- 

trum 4 little castle; castellum Of or belonging to a 

castle; castellanus. II. A splendid mansion; aedes 
amplae et magnifies To build castles in the air ; somnia 
sibi fingere, Virg. ; in aere piscari, Plaut. ; spem pascere 

CASTOR, s. I. A beaver; castor; fiber Of or be- 
longing to a castor ; castoreus ; fibrinus. II. A hat ; 
petasus e fibrinis, or castorsis pilis, contextus, or confec- 

CASTRAMETATION. s. Castrametatio, Bud. 

To CASTRATE, v. a. (An animal); castrare: (a man); 
evirare ; alicui virilitatem adimere Castrated ' ; (of ani- 
mals) ; castratus ; excisus ; exsectus : (of men) ; eunu- 

CASUAL, a. Fortuitus ; in casu positus. 

CASUALLY, ad. Fortuito ; aliquo casu et fortuna ; casu 
fortuito ; forte fortuna. 

CASUALTY. *. Casus, or eventus, fortuitus. 

CASUIST, s. Thoologus qui quaestiones solvit ad con- 
scientiam pertinentes- 

CAT. s. Felis, is, f., Plaut. ; feles, is, f., Plin. A pole- 
cat; domestica martes, Mart. ; mustela major, Plin 

A civet cat ; zibetta, oa, f. Cat o' nine tails ; flagellum ; 
scutica To flog with a cat o' nine tails ; flagello cse- 

CATACOMBS, s. pi. Catacumbae, arum. 

CATALOGUE, s. Index ; recensio ; Cic. ; catalogus, 
Plaut. \ album, Liv. ; Suet. 

CATAPLASM, s. Cataplasma, atis, n., Plin. 

CATAPULT. s. Catapulta, as, f. 

CATARACT, s. I. A fall of water ; cataracta, ee, 
Vitr. ; cataractes ; aquae dejectus, us ; pracceps aqu* 


lapsus. ' II. A suffusion of the eye; oculi suffusio, 

CATARRH, s. Epiphora, ae, Cic. ; distillatio. 

CATARRHAL. a. Epiphoris obnoxius ; qui epiphoram 
adjunctam habet. 

CATASTROPHE, s. I. Unhappy issue of any thing; 
exitus tristis, Cic. ; exitus miserabilis, Quint. ; exitus 
saevus, Juv. II. Final event of a dramatic piece ; ca- 
tastrophe, es, f. ; tragicus fabulae exitus. 

CAT-CALL, s, Sibilum. 

To CATCH, v, a. I. To lay hold with the hand; pre- 
hendere ; apprehencfere ; comprehendere, with or without 
manu; capere. II. To receive suddenly; capere. 
To catch a disease; morbum contrahere, Plin To catch 
a fever ; febrera nancisci, Suet. To catch cold ; grave- 
dinem contrahere. That has caught cold; gravedine 

affectus, or tentatus To catch fire ; ignem concipere, 

Cic., comprehendere, Caes To catch the sense of a 
passage ; loci sensum legitimum assequi ; mentem auc- 

toris capere; Cic To catch a likeness ; oris ductus et 

vultus habitus ad veritatem propius adducere. III. 
To ensnare ; dolis decipere ; in transennam inducere ; 
Plaut. ; aliquem circumvenire, Cic. IV. To come 
upon unexpectedly ; nee opinantem, inopinantem, impru- 
cientem, improviso, de improviso, occupare, or oppri- 
inere, Cic.; imparatura offendere, Nep To catch a 
il.icf; furem excipere, Plaut. To catch in the act; ali- 
quem in manifesto scelere, or facinus alicujus, deprehen- 
dere, Cic. V. To charm; demulcere; permulcere ; 
illicere; pellicere. VI. To catch at; conari ; niti ; 
with an infinitive, or ut and the conjunctive ; elaborare 
ut, with a conjunctive ; nervos industrial suae in re con- 
tcndere ; totis viribus, or nervis omnibus, contendere 
ad ; eniti et contendere ut, with a conjunctive ; quaerere ; 
rem, or ad rem, anniti ; rem appetere. 

CATCH, s. I. Seizure; comprehensio. II. Prize 
or booty ;. praeda. III. Any thing that Catches or 
holds; quod capit, prehendit, &c. IV. A kind of 
song; cantilena. V. The catch oj a latch; ferrea 
l.bula, Caes. ; ansa, Vitr. The catch of a door; obex. 
To be or lie upon the catch ; in insidiis esse ; insidiari ; 

CATCHING, a. Pestilens ; pestifer ; Cic. : contagiosus, 
Cels. A catching distemper ; lues, Cic. ; mala contagia, 
pi., Virg. 

CATCHPOLE. s. Apparitor ; accensus, i, m. ; lictor. 

To CATECHISE, v. a. Aliquem elementis doctrines 
Christianae erudire ; prima fidei Christianas dogmata alicui 

CATECHISM, s. I. Catechetical instruction ; cate- 
chesis,is, f. ; fidei Christianas elementorum expositio. 
II. A book or form of catechetical instruction ; catechis- 
mus ; libellus in quo exponuntur fidei Christianae capita. 

CATECHIST. s. Qui fidei Christianae elementa tradit. 

CATECHUMEN, s. Catechumenus Christiana; fidei ; or, 
baptismi candidatus. 

CATEGORICAL, a. I. Inform; categoricus. II. 
To the purpose ; congruens. 

CATEGORICALLY, ad. Praecise ; non ambigue. 

CATEGORY, s. Categoria. Of the same category j 
ejusdem ordinis. 

To CATER, v. a. Rei frumentariae, or rem frumen- 
tariam, providere, Caes. 

CATERER, s. Annonae, or penus, curator ; obsonator. 

CATERPILLAR, s. Eruca, ae, f. ; campe, es, f. ; Col. 
To clear a tree of caterpillars ; arborcm erucis purgare. 

CATERWAUL, s. Felium strepitus, fremitus, or eju- 

CVTES. s. pl. Cupedia, orum, Plaut. ; cupediae, arum, 

CATGUT, s. Intestinum. 

CATHARTIC, a. Catharticus, Cels. ; purgans, Ov. ; 
quod ad purgandum pollet, or valet, Cic. 

CATHEDRAL, s. Ecclesia cathedralis ; templum in quo 
e.'t scdes episcopi. 

CATHETER, s. (With surgeons) ; specillum ; fistula. 

CATHOLIC, a. Catholicus ; universalis. 

CATHOLIC, s. Qui fidem catholicam profitetur A 
Poman Catholic ; pseudocatholicus ; . pontificius ; Pa- 
pi sta. 

CATLING, s. (With surgeons) ; scalpellum. 

CATOPTRICS, s. Catoptrica, re, f. 

CATTLE, s. (Great); pecus, udis, f.; majus, or ar- 
mentitium,pecus,Varr. (Small); pecus, oris, n. A flock 
of cattle ; grex. A herd of cattle ; armentum Rich 
in cattle; dives pecoris, Virg., or pecore, Ilor. ; pecore 
abundans, Virg. ; cui est pecuaria res ampla, Cic A 
pasture for cattle; pecuaria. A keeping of cattle ; pe- 
cuaria. A keeper of cattle ; pecuarius. To keep cattle; 

pecuarkim facere Black, or horned, cattle; pecus cor- 

Bigerum . 

CAVALCADE, s. Solemnis et ad pompam instituta 

CAVALIER, s. Eques, ids, m. 

CAVALIERLY, ail. i.e. Haughtily; arroganter, Liv. 
T<> treat one cavalierly ; alicui superbe illudere, Ter. 

CAVALRY, s. Equitatus. us, Caes. ; equites, um, pi., 


Liv. ; equestres copiae, Cic. A troop of cavalry; equi- 
tum turma, or acies A general of cavalry ; equitum 
magister To flank with cavalry ; equites locare pro 
cornibus. Convenient for cavalry- equitabilis (pla- 

CAVE. s. Specus, Hor. ; spelunca, Cic. ; antrum, spe- 
laeum, Virg. ; cavea ; caveina. 

CAVERNED. a. Cavernosus ; speluncosus. 

CAVESSON. s. Lupatum, Virg. ; lupus, OT. 

CAVIAR, s. Condita sale acipenseris ova. 

To CAVIL, v. a. Cavillari ; altercari. Cavilling ; 
carillatio ; disputationum laquei ; dialecticae captiones. 

CAVIL, s. Captiuncula ; sophisma, atis, n. ; cavil- 

CAVILLING, a. Captiosus ; sophisticus. 

CAVILUNGLY. ad. Captiose. 

CAVITY, s. Caverna, Cic. ; locus cavus A small 

cavity; cavernula Full of cavities ; cavernosus The 

cavity (or socket) of the eyes ; oculorum recessus, Plin. 
The cavity made by a wound ; ulceris sinus, Cels. 

CAUL. s. I. A covering for the head; reticulum 
crinale, or muliebre ; calantica II. The integument 

of the bowels ; omentum intestinorum involucrum. 

CAUSE, s. I. That which effects any thing; causa; 
origo ; initium ; fons A material cause ; materia, Cic. 
A formal cause ; forma, Sen. A final cause ; finis, 
Cic. ; propositum, Sen You are the cause of this 
disorder; ortum ex te est, Ter. ; injuria tua factum est ; 
hujus rei culpa in te residet, Cic. II. Reason, mo- 
tive ; causa ; ratio. This is the cause of; id causae 
est cur, with a conjunctive For what cause does 
he strike htm f quid causae est cur eum percutiat ? qua 
de causa ilium percutit ? You may learn from him the 
cause of my affliction ; cognosces ex illo quid sit quam- 
obrem doleam, Cic. For what cause ? cur ? quam- 
obrem ? quo nomine ? For that cause ; ergo ; idcirco ; 

ideo; propterea With good cause; justa de causa 

Without cause; sine causa; immerito ; injuria. 
III. Subject of litigation; causa; lis To undertake 
a cause ; ad causam accedere ; causam suscipere To 
have a good cause ; tequum et bonum in causa habere 

To have a bad cause ; causa laborare To plead a 

cause ; causam agere, or dicere To plead one's own 
cause ; causam suam per se, or pro se ipso, agere ; de re 

sua dicere non adhibito patrono To gain a cause ; ju- 

dicio vincere ; causam obtinere, Cic., vincere, Ov To 
lose a cause; causam, or litem, perdere, amittere ; in ju- 
dicio superari, Cic. IV. Side, party; partes, ium, 
pi.; factio, Cic. V. Occasion; causa; locus. To 
give cause of suspicion ; suspicion! locum dare / have 
no cause to complain of you ; non est mihi causa cur de 
te conquerar ; non est cur de te querar. 

To CAUSE, v. a. Creare ; efficere ; producere ; rei 
causam esse, parere, Cic To cause trouble or misfor- 
tune ; alicui aerumnas creare, Plaut. ; alicui mala im- 
portare, Cic. To cause death, weariness, pleasure ; 

mortem, fastidium, delectationem, afferre.Cic To cause 

vomiting ; vomitus facere, or movere. 

CAUSELESS, a. CAUSELESSLY, ad. Sine causa; in- 
juria ; immerito. 

CAUSEWAY, s. Moles, Cic. ; agger, Caes. ; via strata. 
Liv. ; viarum strata, Virg. ; pavimentum, Juv. 

CAUSTIC, a. I. Corrosive ; causticus, Plin. ; adurens, 
Cels. II. Satirical; mordax. 


CAUTERIZATION, s. Caustica adustio. 

To CAUTERIZE, v. a. Alicui caustico lapide, or cau- 
terio, plagam inurere. 

CAUTERY, s. (Actual)-, cauterium: (potential); caus- 
ticus lapis. 

CAUTION, s. I. Prudence, foresight ; circumspectio ; 
consideratio ; considerantia ; prudentia ; providentia ; 
provisio With caution.; provide ; caute ; providenter. 
Without caution ; improvide ; imprudenter. II. Se- 
curity ; cautio; satisdatio ; see SECURITY. III. Warn- 
ing; monitioj admonitio; monitus, us; monitum To 
give caution ; monere atque hortari ; see ADMONITION. 

To CAUTION AGAINST, v. a. Aliquem de re, or rem, 
monere, Cic., rei admonere, or commonere, Plin To 
caution beforehand ; praemonere / caution you not to 
go thither ; moneo te ne illuc eas. 

CAUTIONARY, a. Pro pignore. 

CAUTIOUS, a. Cautus ; consideratus ; providus ; pro- 

CAUTIOUSLY, ad. Considerate ; prudenter. 


To CAW. v. n. Crocire, Plaut. ; crocitare, Plin. 

To CEASE, v. a. Rei finem imponere, or afl'erre. 
Cease your complaints ; mitte, or siste, querelas. 

To CEASE, v. n. Dcsistere, with an ablative ; desinere, 
with an infinitive ; finem facere, with a gerund in di. The 

storm ceases; desinit imber The wind ceases; venti 


CEASELESS, a. Continuus ; perpctuus ; assiduus. 

CEDAR, s. Cedrus, i, f. Of cedar; cedrinus. 
Cellar oil ; cedri oleum ; cedrclaeon, Plin. 

To CEDE. v. a. (A thing) ; alicui rem, or re, cedere, 


Caes. (A place); locum, or loco, cedere ; locum dare, 

To CEIL. v.a. Lacunare ; laqueari, or lacunari, or- 
nare. Ceiled ; laqueatus. 

CEILING, s. Lacunar, Cic. ; laquear, Plin. 

To CELEBRATE, v. a I. To praise, commend; ce- 
lebrare ; laudare ; oollaudare ; laude afficere ; laudibus 
ornare; laudem alicui tribuere, or Impertire. II. To 
solemnize ; diem festum celebrare, or agitare, Cic. ; 
fest'a colere, Ov To celebrate divine service ; operari ; 
rem divinam facere To celebrate a marriage ; nuptias 

CELEBRATED, a. Celeber, or Celebris Celebrated 

for the number of his exploits ; multitudine rerum gesta- 
rum nobilitatus, Cic. Celebrated in history ; literis et 
memoria celebratus, Cic To be celebrated ; magnum 
uomen habere. 

CELEBRATION. 5. Celebratip, Cic Celebration of a 
marriage ; nuptiarum solemnia, Tac. 

CELEBRITY, s. Sermonis hominum celebritas, Cic 
To attain celebrity ; clarum et magnum nomen adipisci, 
Cic., sibi facere, Ov. ; inclarescere. Plin. 

CELERITY s. Festinatio ; velocitas ; celeritas ; Cic. ; 
rapiditas, Caes. 

CELESTIAL, s. I. Heavenly; ccelestis ; superus. 
II. Excellent ; eximius. 

CELIBACY or CELIBATE, s. Vita ccelebs That lives 
in celibacy ; ccelebs; connubii expers. 

CELL. s. Cella; cellula. (Of a beehive) ; alveus. 

CELLAR, s. Cella A wine-cellar; vinaria cella. 

CELLARIST. s. Cellarius, Plaut. 

CELLULAR, a. Cellulis distinctus. 

CEMENT, s. Arenatum, Vitr. ; intrita, ae, f., Plin. 

To CEMENT, v. a. Calce et arena structuram connec- 
tere, Vitr Fig., i. e. To unite, strengthen; firmare; 
vincire ; astringere To cement a peace ; pacem coag- 

mentare, Cic. ; conformare, Caes To cement a union; 

conglutinare concordiam, Cic. 

CEMETERY, s. Commune sepulcrum, Hor. ; sepulcre- 
tum, Catull. ; (ccemeterium, in ecclesiastical writers). 

CENSER. *. Thuribulum ; acerra. 

CENOTAPH, s. Inanis tumulus, Virg. ; (cenotaphium, 

CENSOR, s. Censor ; criticus ; Cic. ; Aristarchus, 
Hor. ; animadversor acer, Cic. 

CENSORIOUS, a. Censorius ; mordax ; morosus ; male- 
volus ; qui censoris animum habet. 

CENSORIOUSLY, ud. Acriter, ut censor severus. 

CENSOIUOUSNESS. s. Morositas ; malevolentia. 

CENSURABLE, a. Reprehendendus ; reprehensione, or 
censura, dignus. 

CENSURE, s. Reprehensio ; censoria notatio, Cic.; 

censura, Juv To incur censure; in reprehensionem 

incurrere, Cic. 

To CENSURE, v. a. Rem in aliquo, or aliquem in re, 
reprehendere ; carpere ; alicujus facta carpere ; censo- 
riae notam inurere. 

CENSURER. s. Qui carpit, &c. 

CENT. s. Centum One, two, three, four, five per 

cent ; centesimae, binae, ternac, quaterna?, quinaB. 

CENTAUR, s. Centaurus ; hippocentaurus, Cic. Of 
or belonging to a centaur ; centaureus, Hor. ; centauri- 
cus, Stat. 

CENTAURY. s. Centaurium ; centauria. (The greater) ; 

centaurium majus (The lesser) ; centaurium minus ; 

fel terras ; libadium, Plin. 

CENTENARY, a. Centenarius ; centum annorum ; 
centum annis. 

CENTENARY, s. Centum ; centeni. 

CENTESIMAL, a. Centesimus. 

CENTO, s. Cento, Cic. 

CENTRAL, a. Centralis, Plin. 

CENTRE, s. Centrum; sinus; medium; umbilicus. 
The centre of an army ; media acies. 

To CENTRE, v. n. In unum locum convenire ; in lo- 
cum coire, concurrere, confluere ; Cic. N.B. Centri- 
fugal and centripetal force (in technical language) ; vis 
centrifuga, centripeta. 

CENTUPLE, s. Centies tantum ; centuplicate, Plin. 

To CENTUPLICATE, v. a. Centuplicare. 

CENTURION, s. Centurio The office of a centurion ; 
centuriatus, Cic. ; centurionatus, Tac. 

CENTURY, s. I. A hundred; centum. II. The 
space of a hundred years ; seculum. III. A division of 
the Roman people ; centuria By centuries ; centuria- 
tim, Cic. To divide into centuries ; centuriare ; or, 
centuriatim describere ; Cic. 

CEPHALIC, a. Capiti utilis, Cic. 

CERATE, s. Ceratum, Cels. 

To CERE. v. a. Cera circumlinire, Cic., illinire, Ov. ; 
incerare, Juv. ; cerare, Col. 

CEREMONIAL, s. I. External rite ; status solemnis- 
que ritus. II. A book of ceremonies ; ritualis liber. 

CEREMONIOUS, a. In bfficiis nimius ; in comitatem 
effusior ; justo officibsior. 

CEREMONY, s. I. Rite ; sacer ritus, Virg. ; caere- 
moniae, arum, pi., Cic. ; solemnis ritus. II. Formality, 


formal compliment ; officiosa urbanitas ; eoimtas. Too 
much ceremony ; nimis exquisita urbanitas You make 
ceremony ; delicias facis, Plaut Let us lay aside cere- 
mony, without ceremony; mittamus istas urbanitatia 
affectatae moras ; nulla comitatis affectatione, Curt. 

CERTAIN, a. I. Sure; certus ; compertus ; explo- 
ratus ; minime dubius, Cic. ; indubitatus, Plin. _ To 
know for certain ; certum, pro certo, habere, or tenere ; 

rem explpratam habere, Cic. II. Undoubtmg / am 

certain; id certo comperi, Ter. ; de eo mihi compertum 
est, Sail. ; hoc certo scio ; hoc compertum habeo ; ex- 
ploratum est mihi de hac re ; hoc exploratum habeo, Cic. 

/ am not certain ; nplim pro certo affirmare ; hoc non 
plane scio, Ter.; id mihi non satis constat, Liv. III. 
Fixed, determined; certus; status; constitutes. IV. 
Some; quidam, quaedam, quoddam ; aliquis. Some cer- 
tain member ; ahquid quodpiam membrum. Cic. 

CERTAINLY, ad. I. Indubitably; certe ; haud 
dubie ; sine dubio ; dubid procul. Yes certainly; ita 
sane, Ter. II. Infallibly; certe. 

CERTAINNESS or CERTAINTY, s. Explorata rei no- 

titia With certainty j certo ; liquido ; explorate, 


CERTIFICATE, s. Scripta testificatio ; icriptum testi- 

To CERTIFY, v. a. Affirmare (In writing) ; scripto 

testari ; testimonium rei per tabulas dare. 

CERULEAN, a. Caeruleus. 

CERUMEN, s. Cerumen, inis, n. 

CERUSE, s. Cerussa ; psimmythium, Plin. ; psimy- 
thus, Vitr. 

CESS. s. 1. A levy } cuilibet capiti pecuniae sol- 
vendae indicatio ; Plin. II. The act of making a levy ; 
tributi in capita descriptio. 

To CESS. v. a. Tributum in capita, or in familias, 

CESSATION, s. Intermissio ; intercapedo, Cic. ; in- 
termissus, Plin A cessation of arms ; induciae, arum ; 
ab armis intermissio, Cic. ; pactitia armorum cessatio, 
Cell Without cessation ; sine ulla intermissioiie, Cic. ; 
sine intermissu, Plin. 

CESSION, s. Cessio To make cession of one's right ; 
alicui jure, or de jure, suo cedere (Of one's goods) ; 
cedere foro, Cic., bonis, Quint. 

CETACEOUS, a. Cetaceus. 

To CHAFE, v. a. I. To make hot ; calefacere ; cal- 
facere ; concalefacere ; Cic. ; concalfacere ; excalfa- 
cere; Plin. II. To make angry; alicui bilem com- 
movere, Cic. ; alicui stomachum movere ; irritare ; 

To CHAFE, v. n. i. e. To rage, to fret; concales- 
cere ; calefieri, Cic. ; calescere ; incalescere, Plin. ; 
stomacho effervescere ; stomachari, Cic. 

CHAFER, s. Scarabaeus. Cockchafer; scarabaeus 
stridulus, Plin. 

CHAFF, s. Palea ; acus, eris, n. 

To CHAFFER, v . a. Sordide mercari. 

CHAFFERN. s. Cortina ; ahenum ; Ov. ; caldarum, 

CHAFFINCH, s. Frigilla, or fringilla, Mart. 

CHAFING-DISH, s. Foculus. 

CHAGRIN, s. Animi aegritudo ; mceror; cura ; sol- 

licitudo ; molestia ; morositas ; tetricitas To yield 

to chagrin ; se macerare, or cruciare, Ter. ; se aegritu- 
dini dedere ; angi animo ; in aegritudinem incidere. 

To CHAGRIN, v. a. Alicui mcerorem, molestiam, or 
sollicitudinem, afferre ; alicui sollicitudines conficere 
Chagrined; morosus; difficilis ; tetricus. 

CHAIN, s. Catena A little chain; catenula; ca- 
tellus, Liv. ; catena, Hor A link of a chain; catenae 
annulus, or circulus A chain, or chains, for criminals ; 
catena ; vincula, pi. ; compedes, pi. A chain for or- 
nament ; (aureus) torques; (aurea) catena. Fig., 
i. e. A bond, bonds; vincula, pi.; nexus. A chain 
of mountains ; montes continui, or perpetui, Hor. ; 
juga continentia, Liv. ; perpetuum mentis jugum, Curt. 

Chains, i. e. slavery ; servitus ; servitium ; servile 
jugum, Cic. 

To CHAIN, v.a. I. To put chains on; alicui cate- 
nas indere, Plaut., injicere, Liv. ; aliquem catenis vin- 
cire, Ov. Chained; catenis constrictus. II. To 
join, unite; res inter se, or rem cum alia, copulare, 
jungere, or conjungere ; rem rei connectere. 

CHAIR, s. I. A moveable seat; sella A little 
chair ; sellula. A chair of state ; sella curulis. 
A sedan chair; sella gestatpria ; lectica. To be car- 
rid in a chair; sella vehi, Sen.; sella gestatoria 
deferri, Suet. ; sellae gestamine pervehi, Tac. II. A 
professor's seat ; cathedra ; pulpitum. III. A pulpit j 
suggestum ; suggestus. 

CHAIRMAN, s. I. A president; prases. II. One 
who carries in a chair ; lecticarius. 

CHALK, s. Creta. Of chalk; cretaceus. Full of 
chalk ; cretosus. Marked with chalk ; cretatus. 

To CHALK, v. a. I. To mark with chalk; creta 
notare. II. To chalk out, i. e. 1. To mark out ; desig- 
nare ; indicare. 2. To trace ; delinearo ; lineis designare. 


CHALKY, a. I- OJchalk; cretaceus. II. Full of 
cnalk ; cretosus. 

To CHALLENGE, v. a. I. To claim as one's own; 
rem ut suaai sibi vindicare, or repetere ; sibi assumere ; 
sibi ascisci. II. To call to a contest; provocare; ad 
pugnam, or ad singulare certamen, provocare. 

CHALLENGE, j. I. A demand ; petitio ; postulatio ; 
postulatum. II. Summons to combat; provocatio. 
(In writing) ; scripta ad singulare certamen provocatio. 

CHAMBER, s, Conclavium, Plaut. ; conclave, Cic. 
A little chamber ; cella. A dining-chamber ; ccDnatio, 
Col. ; ccenaculum, Varr. ; diaeta, Plin. ; triclinium, 
Cic. A bedchamber ; conclave ; cubiculum, Cic. ; dor- 
mitorium, Plin. A chambermaid; ancilla, or mi- 
nistra, cubicularia. Valet de chambre ; cubicularius. 

Chamber-pot ; matula ; matella, Varr. ; matellio, 
Cic.; scaphium, Plaut. Of or belonging to a cham- 
ber; cubicularis, Cic. ; cubicularius, Mart Divided 
into fever al chambers; cubiculatus To shut one's 

self up in his chamber ; in cellam se concludere To 

be confined to one 's, chamber ; dpmi se continere To 
work in one's own chamber ; intra privates parietes 
opus facere. 

CHAMBERLAIN, s. 1. (In the royal household) ; qui 
est principi a cubiculo. Lord high chamberlain ; 
cubiculo imperatorio praepositus. II. (Of a city); 
quaestor urbanus. Office of chamberlain ; quaestura, 
Cic. ; quzEStorium officmm. 111. (At an inn) ; tabulati 

To CHAMFER, v. a. Striare, Vitr. ; striare columnam, 

CHAMFER or CHAMFRET. s. Striatura, Vitr. The 
channel or furrow is called strix, igis ; canaliculus : the 
ridge between the furrows, stria, ae, f. ; Vitr. 

CHAMOIS, s. Rupicapra, se, f., Plin. 

To CHAMP, v. a. Mandere ; mordere. To champ 
the bit ; frenum mordere. 


CHAMPIGNON, s. Fungus, Cic. ;. boletus, Jur. 

CHAMPION, s. Defensor ; propugnator. 

CHANCE, s. Fortuna ; fors ; casus, us ; alea. By 
chance; forte fortuna ; casu ; fortuito ; fortuitu, Cic 
By mere chance ; caeco casu, Cic. A game of chance ; 

alea Of or belonging to such game ; aleatorlus. 

A player of such game ; aleator To trust too much 
to chance ; nimium in fortuna ponere, Cic. To take 
one's chance ; fortunae se comrmttere ; aleam adire. 
A chance guest, comer ; adventor, Plaut. ; interventor, 

To CHANCE, v. n. Fieri ; evenire ; contingere ; cadere ; 
accidere ; incidere ; Cic. 

CHANCEL, s. Adytum ; sanctuarium. 

CHANCELLOR, s. Cancellarius. Vice-chancellor ; 
cancellarii vices gerens. 

CHANCE-MEDLEY, s. Casus, us \ fortuna. 

CHANCERY, s. Cancellarii prastorium. 

CANCUOUS. a. I. Having the qualities of a cancer ; 
qui carcinomatis vim habet. II. Afflicted with a 
cancer ; cancro exesus, or corrosus. 

CHANDELIER, s. Candelabrum ; candelabrum pensile 

CHANDLER, s. I. A huckster ; propola, ae, m., Cic. ; 
mango, Quint. II. One who makes or sells candles ; 
candelarum opifex, or propola. 

To CHANGE, v. a. I. To barter, truck ; rem alia 
commutare, Cic., mutare, or permutare, Plin. II. To 
alter ; rem in aliam mutare, immutare, commutare, or 
permutare To change for the worse ; mutare in pejus ; 
depravare ; vitiare ; corrumpere ; Cic. III. To give 
change of money ; nummum immutare, Plaut. IV, 
To change one's clothes ; mutationem vestis facere, Cic. 

To change one's abode ; mutare sedem, or ex sede, 
Plin. ; e loco in alium migrare, Cic. He has not even 
changed his place ; ne loco quidem mptus est, Cic To 
change colour ; vultus colorem non obtinere, Plaut. That 
changes colour ; cui non constat color neque vultus To 
change one's mind ; sententiam mutare, or permutare ; 
de sententia discedere, or desistere. To cause one to 
change his mind ; de sententia dimovere ; de proposita 
sententia depellere; (by force) detrudere ; (by fear) de- 
terrere. / have not changed my mind ; mens eadem 
perstatmihi, Virg. 

To CHANGE, v. n. I. To suffer alteration ; se con- 
vertere ; mutationem habere ; Cic. ; mutari, Hor. To 
change or be changed into a stone ; lapidescere, Plin. : 
into a brute; convert! in figuram bestiae, Cic. To 
change with fortune ; ad motum fortune se movere, 
Liv. / have not changed ; non alius sum atque fui, 
Cic / have not changed with regard to him ; ego isti 
nlhilo sum aliter atque fui, Ter The wind changes ; 
ventus se vcrtit, Cees. II. To vary ; variari. III. 
To reform one's manners ; ad bonam frugem se recipere, 
Cic.; alios mores induere, Plin. He has entirely 
changed ; plane se ipse exuit, Cic. 

CHANGE, s. I. Alteration; mutatio ; immutatio ; 
cpmmutatio ; conversio Change of life ; cpnversa vita 
via, Hor. Change of fortune ; fortuna; vicissitudines ; 


fortunae volubilitas ; rerum vices A great change toon 

place in the state of ajffairs and of men's minds ; inagna 

lacta est commutatio rerum et animorum, Caes. ; magna 

facta est conversio rerum et inclinatio aiiimorum, Cic. 

II. Variety ; varietas, Cic. ; diversitas, Plin. III. 

Revolution in the state ; res novas ; reipublica? motus. 

IV. Place where merchants meet for trade; forurn 

argentarium. V. (Of money); pecuniar permutatio, 

or commutatio. 

CHANGEABLE, a. Mutabilis ; varius. Fortune is 
changeable ; varfa vplubilisque fortuna est ; varietas est 
pvopria fortunae ; Cic How changeable is life ! quam 
est varia vita? commutabilisque ratio ! He is of a change- 
able disposition ; mobili est animo, Cic. 

CHANGEABLENESS. s. i.e. Fickleness of mind ; levitas ; 
inconstantia ; Cic. 

CHANGELING, s. Infans subdititius, subditivus, Plaut., 
subditus, suppositus, Cic., supposititius, Varr. 

CHANNEL, s. Canalis ; canaliculus. (Of a river); 
alveus ( Of the sea) ; fretum. (Of a column) ; strix ; 

To CHANT, v. n. Canere ; cantare ; cantitare. 

CHANT, s. Cantus, us ; melos, n. indecl., Cic. ; 
canor, Quint. 

CHANTER, s. Cantor ; cantator : fern., cantrix ; canta- 

CHAOS, s. I. The mass of confused matter; chaos, 
n. (without gen. or dat. ; abl. chao), Virg. ; rudis indi- 
gestaque moles, Ov. II. Disorder, confusion ; rerui 
confusio, Cic. 

To CHAP. v. n. Fatiscere ; dehiscere ; dissilire ; rimas 
agere, Cic. ; rimis dehiscere, Ov. 

CHAP. s. Rima; rimula Full of chaps ; rimarum, 
or rimis, plenus, Ter.; rimosus, Plin A chap in the 
skin ; rima ; rimula ; Plin. ; Cels. Chaps on the hands 
and feet ; rhagades, um, f. pi. ; rhagadia, orum, n. pi., 
Plin. Chaps on the lips ; labiorum fissura?, Plin. 
Chaps in wood ; rima?, Cic. ; fissuraa, Col. 

CHAPE, s. \. e. The catch of any thing by which it is 
kept in its place ; ferrea fibula, Caes. ; ferreaansa, Vitr. 

The chape of a scabbard ; extremae acinacis vaginse 

CHAPEL, s. ^Edicula; sacellum Chapel of ease ; 
ecclesia alteri in subsidium annexa. 

CHAPERON, s. i.e. A kind of hood ; capitium ; ma- 
gisterii insigne. 

CHAPITER (of a column), s. Capitulum, Vitr. ; ca- 
pitellum, Plin. ; epistylium, Varr. 

CHAPLAIN, s. Sacerdos regi, duci, &c. ; principi a 
sacro faciendo. 

CHAPLET. s. i. e. A garland of flowers ; sertum ; ex 
floribus, or florea, corona, Plaut. ; florida corolla, Cato. 

CHAPMAN, s. Emptor j quiab aliquo mercatore emere 

CHAPS, s. pi. I. The mouth of a beast of prey ; os, 
oris, n. ; gula, Cic. ; rictus, us, m., Ov. 11. Entrance 
of a channel, river, tyc. ; ostium, Cic. ; fauces, ium, f. 
pi., Plin. ; os, oris, n., Curt. 

CHAPTER, s. I. Division of a book ; caput. II. 
An assembly of canons ; canonicorum collegium. (Met 
together) ; canoniconum conventus, or consessus, us, m. 
A chapter-house ; conventions habendis locus destinatus. 

To hold a chapter ; comitia peragere. 
CHARWOMAN, s. Mercenaria ; opera. 
CHARACTER, s. I. A mark; nota ; signum ; Cic.; 

character, eris, m., Col. II. A letter ; character, eris, 
m. ; litera. Well-formed characters ; literula? compo- 
sitissimae et clarissimae, Cic. 111. Handwriting; ma- 
nus. IV. Personal quality, disposition; indoles ; 
natura ; ingenium. To change one's character; de 
more suo discedere, Cic. ; ingenium novum sibi induere, 

Liv To assume an old character ; ad ingenium redire, 

Ter. Such is my character ; sic sum, Ter. V. Pro- 
perty, peculiarity ; natura ; vis. It is the character of 
virtue to ; virtutis propria natura atque yis est . 

The sayings of Cicero have a distinctive character ; 
ita notata sunt Tullii dictorum genera, ut cognosci sua 
sponte possint. It is the character of the Romans; 
Romanum est, Liv. V. Dignity ; dignitas ; persona. 

To sustain one's character ; impositam sibi personam 
pro dignitate sustinere, Cic. VII. Reputation ; fama i 
nomen ; existimatio, Cic. ; see REPUTATION. 


To CHARACTERIZE, v. a. (A person) ; alicujus vitam 
depingere, Cic. ; naturam et mores aperire, Sail. (A 
thing) ; rem ad vivum exprimere. 

CHARCOAL, s. Carbo ligneus, or ex ligno adusto. 

CHARD (of an artichoke), s. Tener cinarae cauhs. 

To CHARGE, v. a. I. To impose as a task, command; 
.alicui mandare ; de re mandata, or rei negotium, dare. 
/ am charged by Dolabcila ; a Dolabella mandata habeo. 

He charged me to write to you ; mihi mandavit, or 
negotium dedit, ut ad te scriberem. II. 10 impute ; 
alicui rem tribuere ; culpam imputare. To charge 
falsely; alicui falsum crimen inferre, or objicere ; alicui 
crimen affingere ; aliquem falsi criminis accersere ; 

To charge another with a fault ; culpsm in alterum 


alteri obsequi, indulgere. To be complaisant in every 
thing ; alterius ad arbitrium et nutum totum se fingere et 
accommodare, Cic. 

COMPLAISANTLY. ad. Indulgenter, Cic. ; obsequen- 
ter, Plin. 

COMPLEMENT, s. Complementum, Cic. 

COMPLETE, a. Omnibus suis partibus expletus ; com- 
pletus ; perfectus et absolutus, Cic A complete suit ; 

vestimentum omnibus partibus absolutum A complete 
regiment ; legio justa, plena, or completa per manipulos, 
SiT. Ital A complete period; perfectus et completus 
verborum ambitus, Cic. 

To COMPLETE, v. a. Complere. To complete my 
misery ; accessit in miseriae cumulum, quod, Cic. 

COMPLETELY, ad. Perfecte ; absolute ; omnino. 

COMPLETENESS, s. Absolutio; perfectio. 

COMPLETION, s. I. Act of completing; perfectio; 
absolutio perfectioque ; Cic The completion of a work ; 
manus extremas accessio, Cic The completion of a task 
or design ; suscepti negotii executio, Tac. I have ob- 
tained the completion of my desires ; ad optatos exitus 
pervectus sum, Cic. ; votorum compos factus sum, Plin. 
Ep. My project has received its entire completion ; 
rei instituta? exitum expedivi, Cic. II. The utmost 
height ; cumulus ; summum ; summus gradus. 

COMPLEX, a. I. (In logic); complexus. II. 
Composite ; ex diversis partibus compositus, concretus, 
conflatus, Cic. ; multiplex. 

COMPLEXION, s. I. The colour of the face ; oris co- 
lor (Natural) ; verus (Ruddy) ; diffusus sanguine. 

( Sun-burnt) ; adustior. A complexion of red and white ; 
mistus candore rubor, Cic That has afresh complexion; 
iritidus colore, Quint. That has a florid complexion ; 
floridulo ore nitens, Catull. To give beauty to the com- 
plexion; cuti nitorem inducere, Plin A pale com- 
plexion ; languidus, or languescens, color The com- 
plexion fades ; color evanescit, Lucr., illi excidit, Ov., 
languescit, Plin. II. Temperament of the body ; cor- 
poris habitudo, habitus, us, constitutio, or temperatio, 


To COMPLICATE, v. a. I. To join; res inter se, or 
rem cum alia, copulare, jungere, or conjungere ; rem rei 
connectere, Cic. II. To form by complication ; impli- 
care A complicated disease; morbus multiplex. 
Complicated crimes ; implicita scelera. 

COMPLICATION, s. Congeries. A complication of 
crimes ; scelera sceleribus cumulata, Cic. 

COMPLICE, s. Alicujus sceleris particeps, conscius ; 
sceleri affinis ; in scelere censors, Cic To become a 
complice in crime ; cum altero scelerum pactiones socie- 

tatesque conflare, Cic To discover one's complices ; so- 

cios prodere, Cic. 

COMPLIMENT, s. Sermonis comitas, Cic. ; officiosa 
urbanitas ; officiosa verba, pi. To go to pay one's com- 
pliments ; aliquem officiose ire salutatum, Mart. Make 
my compliments to him ; officiose ilium meis verbis sa- 
luta, Mart. He is too full of compliments ; nimis puti- 
dus est officiosae urbanitatis affectator. 

To COMPLIMENT, v. a. Aliquem verbis officiosis com- 
pellare, or prcsequi. To compliment on anything ; ali- 
cui renk or de re, gratulari, Cic. 



COMPLIMENTER. *. Importunus officiosse urbanitatis 

COMPLOT. s. Conjuratio ; conspiratio ; scelerata con- 
sensio, Cic. 

To COMPLOT. v. n. Conspirare ; conjurare ; conju- 
rationem facere, Cic. 

To COMPLY, v. n. I. To be obsequious to ; alteri 
obsequi, or indulgere, Cic. ; aliorum studiis, Ter., vo- 
luntati, Cic., obsequi, or indulgere ; ad voluntatem nu- 
tumque se fingere et accommodare, Cic. II. To suit 
with; convenire, congruere, concinere, cum. III. To 
submit to ; alicujus imperio ac potestati, or sub potestatem, 
se subjicere ; in fidem atque potestatem, or potestati 
fideique, se submittere, Cic. ; Curt To comply with 
proposed conditions ; conditiones accipere ; ad conditiones 
descendere, Cic To force one to comply with our con- 
ditions ; nostris conditionibus astringere, Cic. 

COMPONENT, a. Ex quo (quibus) res constat, or com- 

To COMPORT. . . Convenire, congruere, concinere, 
cum. To comport one's self; agere ; se gerere ; Cic. 

COMPORTMENT, s. Agendi vivendique ratio, Cic. 

To COMPOSE, v. a. I. To form a mass by joining 
different things together ; rem ex diversis partibus com- 
ponere ; coagmentare; fingere. II. To arrange, ad- 
just; componere, Plaut.; ordinare; ordinare et insti- 
tuere ; in ordinem redigere ; ex ordine collocare ; ordine 
dispensare et disponere ; digerere ; suo quaeque loco dis- 
ponere, Cic. To compose the features ; vultum fingere, 

or componere Composed features ; vultus ad gravi- 

tatem, or ad modestiam, compositus, Tac. III. To put 
together a discourse ; componere ; scribere ; conscribere, 

Cic To compose a work ; opus effingere et excudere, 



Plin. Ep To compose verses ; versus facere, conficere ; 
carmina condere ; Cic To compose verses impromptu ; 
versus ex temppre fundere, Cic. A speech carefully 
composed; oratio diligenter elabprata, or diligenti studio 
perpolita, Cic. IV. To constitute by being part of a 
whole; constituere, Cic Man is composed qf soul and 
body ; homo constat anima et corpore, Cic. V. To 
calm ; sedare; tranquillare ; placare. VI. To settle 
(a difference) ; controversial!! tollere, or dirimere ; dis- 
cordia sedare ; res ad concordiam adducere ; Cic. ; litcm 
componere, Virg. VII. (With printers) ; To arrange 
the type ; literarum typps in tabella componere, or ordi- 
nare et disponere. 

COMPOSEDLY, ad. Placide; sedate; leniter; Cic. 


COMPOSER. *. I. An author ; auctor ; scriptor : Cic. 
II. One who writes music ; qui musica componit. 

COMPOSITION, s. I. The act of forming an integral 
of various parts ; compositio; coagmentatio ; structura, 
Ov. II. A mixture; permistio ; admistio; Cic. ; mis- 
tarum rerum unitas ; mistura; Cels. ; totum ex diversis 
partibus constans. III. The act of writing ; scriptio. 
IV. A written work; scriptum. V. Agreement; 
conventum ; pactum ; pactio, Cic. 

COMPOSITOR, s. (In a printing office); typorum dis- 
positor ; qui typos literarum in tabella dispomt. 

COMPOST, s. Stercus, oris, n., Cic. ; timum, Virg. : 
fimus, Col. 

To COMPOST, v . a. See To MANURE. 

COMPOSURE, s. I. The act of composing ; compo- 
sitio, Cic. ; coagmentatio ; structura ; Ov. II. Sedate- 
ness ; animi tranquillitas ; animi quietus et placidus 
status, us, Cic. III. Settlement of differences ; com- 
positio, Cic. ; CJES. 

To COMPOUND, v. a. Rem ex diversis partibus com- 
ponere ; coagmentare ; fingere To compound a differ- 
ence ; utern componere, Virg. ; controversiam tollere, or 
dirimere ; discordias sedare ; res ad concordiam adducere ; 

To COMPOUND, v. n. i. e. To come to terms of agree- 
ment ; de re cum aliquo pacisci, transigere, or decidere ; 
controversiam transigere ; Cic. 

COMPOUND, s. Permistio ; admistio ; Cic.; mistarum 
rerum unitas ; mistura ; Cels. ; totum ex diversis parti- 
bus constans. 

COMPOUND, COMPOUNDED, a., part. Ex diversis parti- 
bus compositus, concretus, conflatus, Cic. A compound 
word; vox quae e duobus vocabulis constat. 


To COMPREHEND, v. a. I. To comprise, contain ; 
continere; complecti; Cic.; capere, Curt. II. To 
conceive, understand ; animo, or mente, comprehendere ; 
comprehensum habere, Cic. / comprehend it per- 
fectly; probe teneo, Cic I cannot comprehend it; id 
longissime abest intelligentia sensuque meo disjunctum ; 
hasc ego mente non capio ; ista sane non intelligo ; Cic. j 
ista captum meum superant. 

COMPREHENSIBLE, a. Comprehensibilis, Cic. ; quod 
in intelligentiam cadit ; quod intelligentia et ratione 
comprehenditur, Cic. 

COMPREHENSION, s. i.e. Apprehension; comprehensio ; 
perceptio ; Cic. 

COMPREHENSIVE, a. Capax ; continens. See also 

COMPREHENSIVENESS, s. (In expression) ; concinnitas; 
verba significantia. 

COMPRESS, s. (In surgery); penicillum ; peniculum ; 

To COMPRESS, v. a. Comprimere. 

COMPRESSIBLE, a. Quod comprimi potest. 

COMPRESSION, s. Compressio, Vitr. ; pressus, us, 

To COMPRISE, v. a. Continere ; complecti ; Cic. ; 
capere, Curt. ; comprehendere. Comprised; compre- 

hensus To be comprised in any thing ; in re contineri. 

All crimes comprised in one ; omnia scelera uno male- 
fic io com plexa, Cic Is he comprised in that number? 
estne ex eo numero ? 

COMPROMISE. *. Compromissum, Cic. 

To COMPROMISE, v. n. Compromittere ; compro- 
missum de re facere ; rem delectorum virorum arbitrio 
committere, Cic To compromise one's honour; famam 
in discrimen adducere. To compromise .the name and 
authority of another ; nomen et auctoritatem alterius in 
discrimen adducere. 

COMPTROLLER, s. Qui rationes inspicit 

COMPULSION, s. Illutavis; necessitas By compul- 
sion; per vim; vi ; vi ac necessitate; coactu, Cic 
Without compulsion; suasponte; ultro; non repug- 
nanter, Cic. 

COMPULSORY, COMPULSIVE, a. Qui cogendi jus habet ; 
or, qui cogere potest. 

COMPUNCTION, s. Acerbus animi dolor ex admissis 

COMPUTABLE, a. Computabilis. 

COMPUTATION, s. Computatio, Plin. See also CAL- 


Chfek-teeth ; dentes genuini, Cic., molares, Juv., maxil- 
lares, Plin A cheek-bone; maxilla. 

CHEER, s. I. Entertainment, provisions served as 

a feast ; victus Good cheer ; ccena magnifica et lauta, 

Cic.; victus (Cis) lautus, Hor. Poor cheer; victus 
tennis, or aridus, Cic. IT. Heart, courage ; animus ; 
animi firmitudo, or firmitas. To be oj good cheer ; for- 
tem animum habere : esse forti animo ; animum erigere, 
or sumere ; Cic. III. Air of the countenance ; facies ; 
species ; forma. IV. A shout of joy or approbation; 
acclamatio, Cic. ; clamor secundus, Virg. To give a 
cheer ; acclamare ; clamorem secundum tollere. 

To CHEER, v. a. I. To encourage ; alicui animos 

addefe.Cic., or facere,|Liv. ; alicujus animum erigere, Cic. 

II. To console; aliquem solari, consplari ; solatio 

levare ; consolatione lenire ; alicui cpnsolationem afferre, 

solatia dare, dolorem abstergere ; Cic. 

To CHEER UP. v. n. Animum erigere, sumere, or re- 

CHEERFUL. a. Hilaris ; hilarus ; laetus To be cheer* 
ful; gaudere ; laetari. That renders cheerful; qui lae- 
titiam affert. 

CHEERFULLY, ad. Hilare ; hilarem in modum ; hilari 
animo ; Cic. 

CHEERFULNESS. s. Hilaritas ; Iffititia. 

CHEERLESS, a. Tristis ; mcestus ; melancholicus ; na- 
tura tristis ; Cic. 

CHEERLESSXY. ad. Mceste ; dolenter. 

CHEESE, s, Caseus. To make a cheese; caseum 
figurare. A cheese full of eyes ; caseus fistulosus, Cels. 

CHEESECAKE, s. Triquefra e caseo, ovis, et butyro 

CHEESE-CURDS, s. Concretum lac, Virg. ; lactis coacti 
massa, Ov. 

CHEESEMONGER, s. Casearius ; fern, casearia. 

CHEESE-PRESS, s. Vas ad exsiccationem caseorum 

CHEESE-ROOM. *. Caseale, is, n., Col. 

To CHERISH, v. a. I. To love dearly, make much 
of; carum, or in deliciis, habere ; diligere ; see To 
LOVE. II. To shelter, protect ; aliquem tegere, defen- 
dere, tueri, or praesidio tutari, Cic. ; alicui patrocinari, 

CHERISHER. s. Qui defendit et protegit ; defensor ; 
propugnator ; tutor ; amicus. 

CHERRY, s. Cerasum, i, n. 

CHERRY-ORCHARD, s. Locus cerasis consitus. 

CHERRY-TREE, s. Cerasus, i, f. 

CHERUB, s. Cherub ; pi. cherubim ; m. indecl. 

CHERVIL, s. Caerefolfum, Plin. ; chaarephyllum, Col. 

CHESS, s. Latrunculorum ludus. Chess-men; latro- 
nes, Ov. ; latrunculi, Sen. A chess-board ; mandra, se, 
f., Mart. ; lusorius alveolus, Plin. ; latruncularia tabula, 
Sen. To play at chess ; latrunculis ludere, Sen. v la- 
tronum bella, or proalia, ludare, Mart. To win a game 
of chess; latrunculis vincere. 

CHEST, s. I. A box; area; capsa A small chest ; 
arcula ; capsula. A chest of drawers ; armarium. 
II. Part of the body; pectus ; pectoris cavitas. 

CHESTNUT or CHESNUT. s. Castanea ; nux castanea. 
The husk of a chestnut ; echinatus calyx ; echinus 
The inner skin or rind; castanese corium Chestnut- 
tree ; castanea. Chestnut colour ; ex rutilo nigres- 

CHEVALIER, s. Eques, itis, m. 

CHEVAUX DB FRISE. s. Pali mucronibus horrentes ; 
ericius, Cses. 

CHEVERIL. *. Haedus ; haedillus, Plaut. ; haedulus, 
Juv. Of or belonging to a cheveril; hsedinus ; hsedilis. 

To CHEW. v. a. Mandere ; dentibus conficere ; com- 
manducare To chew the cud; ruminare, Col. ; rumi- 
nare herbas, Virg. ; ruminare revocatas herbas, Ov. ; 
remandere, Plin. 

CHICANE, s. I. The art of prolonging a judicial con- 
test by ; judiciorum infractus, us ; legum laquei, 
Cic. ; vafrum jus, Hor. II. Artifice in general; fraus ; 
artificium; dolus. 

To CHICANE, v. n. I. To use artifice in a judicial 
contest ; aliquem iniqua lite morari ; fraudulenter liti- 
gari ; uti subdolis artibus in litigando. II. To use ar- 
tifice in general; dolos adhibere, Cic., or moliri, Val. 
Fl. ; ad dolos se convertere, Plin. 

CHICANER. 5. i.e. A petty sophister, a wrangler ; vafer 
ac fraudulentus litigator ; homo litigiosus ; litium amans. 

CHICANERY, s. Callidse et fraudulentae litigandi ra- 

CHICK or CHICKEN, s. Pullus gallinaceus Chicken 

just hatched ; a matre pulli. 

CHICKEN-HEARTED, a. Ignavus ; timidus ; Cic. ; me- 
ticulosus, Plin. 

CHICK-PEAS, s. Cicer, eris, n. 

CHICKWEED. s. Anagallis, idis, f. 

To CHIDE, v. a. i. e. To reprove ; aliquem increpare, 
reprehendere, verbis asperioribus reprchendere, Plin., 
objurgare, verbis castigare, Cic. To chide severely ; 
acerbissime, or gravissimis verbis, aliquem reprehendere, 
Cic To chide gently ; molli brachio objurgare. 


To CHIDE, v.n. i.e. To clamour; clamitari ; vocife- 
rare ; elatrare. 

CHIDING, s. Reprehensio. 

CHIEF, a. Pra?cipuus ; principals ; Cic. ; potissimus, 
Suet The chief men of a city ; civitatis principes ; opti- 
mates ; prpceres, Cic One of the chief men; vir pri- 
marius, Cic The chief women ; summates matrons?, 
Plaut. A chief point ; rei caput, or cardo ; quod in re 
qualibet est prsecipuum ; Cic. ; in quo tota res vertitur, 
Liv. He. has the chief command, he is the commander 
in chief, est cum summo imperio praefectus. 

CHIEF, s. Dux ; imperator The chiefs of a conspi- 
racy > conjurationts capita, Liv The chief of a reli- 
gious order ; ordinis religiosi caput. 

CHIEFLY, ad. Maxime ; prsecipue ; praesertim ; in 
primis, Cic. 

CHIEFTAIN, s. Imperator ; dux ; ductor A re- 
nowned chieftain ; belli dux praestantissimus, Cic. ; ar- 
mis inclytus, Virg. 

CHILBLAIN, s. Pernio, onis, m ; perniunculus ; a fri- 
gore ustio. 

CHILD, s. I. An infant; infans. II. A boy ; 
puer A little boy ; parvulus ; puerulus ; pusio, onis, 
m. ; Cic. III. A girl; puella. A little girl; puel- 
lula, Catull. ; virguncula, Sen. IV. A son ; filius ; na- 
tus, i, m. ; filiolus. V. A daughter ; filia; nata; fili- 
ola. VI. PI. Children; liberi ; nati. To have child- 
ren by one's wife ; liberos ex uxore suscipere. He has 
had children ; nati sunt ei filii, Ter. ; ille filios ex uxore 
procreavit, Cic She has had children by him ; peperit 
ex illo, Ter. That has lost his children ; progenie or- 
batus. N. B. A godchild; filius (filia) spiritualis (in 
ecclesiastical writers). 

CHILDBED, s. Puerperium. A woman in childbed; 
puerpera, ae, f. 

CHILDBIRTH, s. Partus, us, m. 

CHILDHOOD, s. (Under seven years); infantia : (from 
seven to twelve) pueritia ; puerilis setas. From child- 
hood ; a pueritia ; ab ineunte, or prima, aetate From 
the very earliest childhood ; a puero parvulo, or pusillo, 
Plaut. ; a prima infantia, Ter. ; a teneris unguiculis, 

CHILDISH, a. Puerilis. 

CHILDISHLY, ad. Pueriliter. 

CHILDISHNESS, s. Puerilitas ; puerilis agendi ratio. 

CHILL, a. Frigidus ; algidus. 

To CHILL, v. a. Frfgefacere ; frigefactare ; Plaut. ; 
refrigerare, Plin. To chill the mind or spirits ; ardorem 
animi restinguere. 

CHILL, s. Frigus, oris, n. 

CHILLY, a.^ Alsiosus ; frigoris impatiens. 

CHIME, s. i. e. Harmony of sounds ; consonantia ; so- 
norum cpncordia ; harmonia A chime of bells ; modu- 
latus aeris campani sonitus ; ad numeros saris campani 

To CHIME, v. a. (Bells) ; (aes campanum) ad numerum, 
or moderate, pulsare. 

To CHIME, v. n. i. e.' To agree ; convenire ; congruere ; 
or, concinere; Cic.; consonare, Sail Not to chime; 
inter se dissidere, or discordare, Cic. 

CHIMERA, s. i.e. A vain imagination; vana com- 
menta, n. pi. ; somnium ; nomen inane. 

CHIMERICAL, a. Fictus ; commenticius. 

CHIMNEY, s. Caminus ; focus. The flue of a chim- 
ney ; camini spiraculum, spiramentum, or aestuarium, 
Vitr. The mantelpiece of a chimney ; adversa spira- 

culi lorica To sit in a chimney-corner; apud carbones 

assidere, Plaut. 

CHIMNEY-PIECE, s, Antepagmenta, n. pi., Vitr. 

CHIMNEY-SWEEPER, s. Qui caminorum purgat spira- 

CHIN. s. Mentum. 

CHIN-COUGH, s. Crebra tussis ; cucullatus morbus. 

CHINA, s. i. e. China-ware > vasa murrhina, or mur- 
rhea, n. pi. ; vasa fictilia Sinensia ; murrha, ae, f., poeti- 

CHINE, s. Dorsi spina. 

To CHINE, v. a. Dorsi spinam frangere. 

CHINK, s. I. A gap, aperture; rirna ; rimula ; fis- 
sura. II. Sound (of pieces of metal) ; tinnitus, us. 

To CHINK, v. n. I. To break in gaps ; rimas agere, 
or capere ; dehiscere. II. Jo sound (as pieces of me- 
tal) ; tinnire. 

CHINKY. a. Rimarum, or rimis, plenus ; rimosus. 

CHINTZ, s. Texta e filo xylino tela catagrapha. 

CHIP. s. Pars; particula ; Cic A chip of wood ; 

assula, Plaut. ; secamentum, Plin Chips of wood ; 
schidia, orum, n. pi., Vitr. A chip of any thing broken; 
fragmen ; fragmentum. A chip of bread ; frustum. He 
is a chip of the old block ; patris est filius. 

To CHIP. v. a. Minute, minutatim, in minutas partes, 
concidere, Cic. ; Cato ; Lucr. ; minutatim secare, Cic. 
A chipping-block ; tabula ad secandum minutatim ci- 
bum idonea. 

CHIP-AXE, s. Ascia. 

CHIPPINGS. s. pi. Frusta ; fragmina ; fragmenta, n. pi. 

To CHIRP, v.n. (As chicken); pipilare ; pipire; or. 


pipare : (as small birds) ; friguttire ; or, fringultire ; 
fritinnire : (as a grasshopper) ; stridere ; also, fritinnire, 
Auct. Carm. de Phil. N. B. Minurire is used only by- 
very late writers. 

CHIKPING. s. Avium ga-rritus, or cantus, us. 

CHISEL, s. Fabrile scalprum, Liv. ; excisorius scal- 
per, Cels __ A little chisel ; scalpellum, Cic. 

CHIT. s. I. A little child ; pusio, onis, ra. ; puellula, 
K, f. II. A freckle; pi., leruigines, um, Plin., lenti- 
culae, arum, Cels. 


CHITTBRUFOS. s. pi. Viscera, intestina, exta, orum, 
n- pi. ; hillse, arum, f. pi. 

CufTTY. a. Puerilis. 

CHIVALRO.US. a. Quod adveterum equitum mores per- 

CHIVALRY, $. I. Knighthood ; equitis gradus; ordo 
oquestris. II. Prowess; fortitude; virtus. 

CHOICE, s. I. The act of choosing ; electio ; de- 
lectio ; Cic. ; delectus, Ca?s. ; electus, Ov. ; optio, Plaut. 
To make a choice ; dolectum agere, or habere. To 
give a choice ; delectum facere, or permittere ; optionem 
dare, or permittere, Cic. ; facere in eligendo arbitrium, 

Liv. Take your choice ; optio sit tua __ Of one's own 
choice; sponte ; ultro. II. 
flos, Cic. ; delectus, us, Caes. 

The best of any thing; 

CHOICE, a. I. ( Said of things) ; lectus ; electus ; egre- 
gius ; eximius. II. (Said of persons) ; curiosus ; per- 
curiosus ; (vir) judicii exquisitissimi, or judicio exqui- 

CHOICENESS. s. Excellentia; praestantia. 
CHOIR, s. I. An assembly of singers ; canentium 
chorus. II. Part of a church; tetnpli cella, Virg. ; 
adytum ; (eccfeske chorus, in ecclesiastical writers). 

To CHOKE* v. a. I. To sutfbcate ; suffocare, Cic. ; 
prsefocare, Ov. ; animam alicui exstinguere, Ter., iuter- 
cludere, Tac., praecludere, Plin. II. To obstruct; ob- 
struere ; aditum claudere, or intercludere. 

CHOLER. *. i.e. Anger, rage; ira ; iracundia ; sto- 

CHOLERIC, a. Iracundus ; irritabilis, Cic. ; stomacho- 
sus, Hor. ; irae impatiens, Ov. ; irae properus, Tac. 

To CHOOSE, v. a. I. To select, pick out ; legere ; 
eligere ; deligere ; seligere ; rei delectum habere. You 
may choose ; tua est optio. There is nothing to choose ; 
nori est option! locus To choose rather ; rem rei prae- 
optare, Catull. ; malle quam ; anteponere ; anteferre ; 
potius ducere, Cic. II. To take, not to refuse ; acci- 
pere; acceptum habere; non recusare. III. To ap- 
point ; constituere ; designare : (into a company) j coop- 
tare ; allegere ; asciscere To choose by lot ; sortiri. 

To CHOOSE. v. n. i. e. To be willing ; velle ; hand ab- 
nuere __ To choose rather ; malle I cannot choose 
but ; non possum non 4 non possum facere quin. 

To CHOP. v.a. See To CHIP. 

CHOP. *. I. A piece chopped off; see CHIP, I. II. 
A crack ; s"ee CHAP. 

CHOP-HOUSE, s. Popina ; caupona ; cauponula. 

CHOPPING-KNJFE. *. Securicula, Plin. ; grandior cul- 

CHORAL. a. Ad chorum canentium pertinens ; e choro 

CHOROGRAPHY. s. Chorographium, Vitr, 

CHORUS, s. I. A number of singers ; canentium 
chorus. II. Union of Voices in singing; Vocum con- 
centus To sing in chorus ; concentum efficere, Cic 
To sing in alternate chorus ; cantus reddere vicibusque 
referre, Plin. 

CHOUGH, s. Graculus. 

To CHOUSE, v. a. Aliquem deludere, or ludificari ; 
alicui imponere, fucum facere, Cic. ; alicui, or aliquem, 
illudere, Ter. ; aliquem in re fraudare, Cic. 

To CHRISTEN, v. a. Aliquem baptizare, aquis bap- 
tismi lustrare, sacro fonte abluere. 

CHRISTENDOM, s. Christianorum regiones. 

CHRISTENING, s. Baptismus. 

CHRISTIAN, s., a. Christianus To become a Chris- 
tian ; Christianas fidei nomen dare ; Christianam fidem 
amplecti. To be a Christian ; Christianam .tidem pro- 

CHRISTIANITY, s. Christiana religio, fides To pro- 
fess Christianity ; Christianam fidem profited. 

CHRISTIANLY. ad. Christiano more; ut Christianum 

CHRISTMAS-DAY, s. Christi Domini natalis dies, or 

CHROMATIC, s. (Term of painting); chroma, atis, 
n. ; chromatice, es, f., Vitr, 

CHRONIC or CHRONICAL, a. (Morbus) chronicus. 

CHRONICLE, s. Chronica, orum, Plin.; chronici libri, 
Cell __ Chronicles ; acta publica ; or simply, acta ; com- 
mentarii; tabulae publicae ; or simply, tabulae. 

To CHRONICLE, v. a. In acta, in tabulas, in commen- 
tarios, referre, or perscribere, Cic. 

CHRONICLER, s. Historicus ; (commentariensis, 

CHRONOLOGIST. s. Qui temporum rationem describit. 


CHRONOLOGICAL, a. Ad temporum rationem pertinens. 

CHRONOLOGY. *. Temporum ratio, or descriptio. 

CHRYSALIS, s. Chrysalis, idis, f., Plin. 

CHRYSOLITE, s. Chrysolithus, Plin. 

CHUB. s. I. A kind offish ; gobio capitatus ; go- 
bius. II. A loggerhead; horno plumbeus, Ter., rudig, 
inurbanus, Cic. 

CHUBBY-CHEEKED, a. Bucculentus. 

CHUCK, s. Nutricis gallinae singultus, us. 

To CHUCK, v. n. i.e. To call as a hen ; glocire, Col. 

CHUFF. *. Homo agrestis, rusticanus, rudis, inur- 

CHUFFY. a. Rusticus ; agrestis ; inurbanus ; illepidus. 

CHUM. s. Contubernalis. 

CHUMP, s. Brevior ligni truncus ; caudex, icis, m., 

CHURCH. *. I. A body of Christians ; ecclesia. II. 

A place of Christ 
III. Sometimes 

ian worship ; templum ; sacra aedes. 

_, wruijpiui , David OJUCB. 

Sometimes improperly used for The ecclesiastical 
order, the clergy ; clerus ; ecclesiasticus ordo. 

CHURCHWARDEN, s. Sacrorum custos ; aedium sacra- 
rum procurator. 


CHURL, s. CHURLISH, a. I. Clownish ; rusticu ; 
inurbanus ; rudis ; agrestis. II, Niggardly; sordidus; 
illiberalis; parcus ; tenax. 

CHURLISHLY, ad. i.e. Clownishly ; inurbane; rustice: 

CHURLISHNESS, s. i.e. Rudeness, clownishness ; rus- 
tici mores, Cic. ; rusticitas, Plin. ; illepida, or inurbana, 
agendi ratio. 

CHURN, s. Vas in quo fit crebro jactatu butyrum. 

To CHURN, v.a. Butyrum crebro jactatu conficere, 

CHYLE, s. Chylus, Herm. 

CHYMIC or CHYMICAL. s. Chimicus. 

CHYMIST. s. Chimiae peritus. 

CHYMISTRY. s. Chimia, ae, f. 

CICATRICE, s. Cicatrix, icis, Cic. 

To CICATRIZE, v. a. Alicui cicatrices indere, Plaut. 

CIDER, s. Expressus e malis liquor. 

CIMETER. s. A Turkish sword; acinaces, is, m.; 
gladius falcatus, Ov. 

CINCTURE, s. Cingulus ; cingulum ; zona. 

CINDER, s. Carbo. 

CINNABAR, s. Cinnabaris, is, f., Plin. ; cinnabari, n. 
indecl., Plin. 

CINNAMON, s. Casia, ae, f, 

CINNAMON-TREE, s. Laurus cinnamomum. 

CINQUEFOIL. s. Quinquefolium ; pentaphyllum ; Plin. 

CIPHEB. s. I. An arithmetical character; nota 
arithmetica. II. An arithmetical mark, standing for 

nothing ; arithmeticae Arabicae nota orbiculata A mere 

cipher, i. e. a man of no consequence ; homo nullo nu- 
mero, Cic. III. An occult manner of writing ; nota 

To CIPHER, v.a. I. To practise in arithmetic; 
notis arithmeticis supputare. II. To write in occult 
characters ; secretis notis rem mandare. 

CIRCLE, s. I. A round line; circulus; orbis; br- 
biculus (In geometry) ; circulus To describe a circle 
with compasses; circinum circumducere, Vitr. II. 
An assembly; circulus; corona; Cic. III. Circuit, 
compass ; ambitus, Cic. ; circuitus, us, Plin. ; (circuitio, 

To CIRCLE, v.a. i.e. To surround ; circumdare ; cir- 
cumcludere; circumstare; circumsistere. 

To CIRCLE, v.n. i.e. To move in a circle; circular!, 
Col. ; in orbem moveri. 

CIRCUIT, s. I. Compass, circumference; ambitus, 
us, Cic. ; circuitus, us, Plin. ; (circuitio, Vitr.) ; cir- 
cumductus, us, Quint. ; circumductio, Virg. II. Vi- 
sitation of a judge for holding assizes ; provinciae lus- 
tratio, Cic To make the circuit ; provinciam obire, 

CIRCULAR, a. In circulum flexus ; (circulatus, Cels.) ; 
circinatus, Plin. A circular movement ;. orbicus mo- 

tus, Varr A circular letter ; literae eodem exemplo, 

in eamdem sententiam, ad plurimos scriptae. 

CIRCULARLY, ad. In orbem. 

To CIRCULATE, v.n. In orbem moveri; (circular!, 
not used in this sense). 

CIRCULATION. ^. Circulatio, Vitr. 

CIRCUMAMBIENT, a. Qui circumfunditur ; circum- 

To CIRCUMCISE, v.a. Circumcidere. 1 Circumcised; 
circumcisus ; recutitus, 

CIRCUMCISION, s. Circumcisio. 

CIRCUMFERENCE, s. Circumductus, us ; circuitus, us ; 
Quint. : circumductio, Virg. ; ambitus, us, Cic. ; (cir- 
cuitio, Vitr.). The circumference of a wheel; orbile, 
is, n., Varr. ; rotae orbis, Plin. To be sixty feet in cir- 
cumference ; sexaginta pedes orbe colligere, Plin. 

CIRCUMFLEX (Accent), s. Accentus (us) flexus, or 
circumflexus, Quint. 

qui circumfluit ; qui circumfunditur. 


To CIRCUMFUSE. v.a. Circumfuadere. 

CIRCUMJACENT. . Qui circumjacet ; circumjacens. 

CIRCUMLOCUTION, s. Verborum circumscriptio, or 
circuitus, us, Cic. ; verborum ambitus, us, Suet. What 
need of circumlocution? quid opus est circuitione et 
anfractu ? Cic. 

CIRCUMNAVIGABLE. a. Qui circumnavigari potest. 

To CIRCUMNAVIGATE, v. a. Circumnavigare ; totum 

To CIRCUMSCRIBE, v. a. Circurascribere. 

CIRCUMSPECT, a. Consideratus ; cautus ; prudens. 
Liberality ought to be circumspect ; habet multas cau- 
tiones liberalitas, Cic. He is not circumspect ; est 
parum cautus providensque, Cic. To be circumspect ; 
circumspicere, Cic. ; cautum esse, &c. 

CIRCUMSPECTION, s. Circumspectio ; consideratio ; 
considerantia ; prudentia ; cautio With circumspec- 
tion ; considerate ; prudenter. The affair demands 
great circumspection ; in ea re magna cautione opus est ; 
hie maxima cautio et diligentia adhibenda est. 

CIRCUMSPECTLY, ad. Considerate ; prudenter. 

CIRCUMSTANCE. *. I. Something relating to a fact ; 
adjunctum ; quod rei adjunctum est ; Cic. ; circum- 
stantia, ae, f., Quint.; Cell. Cirmmstances rei ad- 
juncta, orum, n. pi. II. Incident; eventus, us; 

eventum ; res ; casus ; Cic. III. CIRCUMSTANCES, pi., 
State of affairs ; status, us ; conditio ; ratio Under 
existing circumstances; ut res se habet ; ut nunc quidem 
est, Cic. In good circumstances, i.e. rich; dives ; pe- 
cuniosus ; bene nummatus ; amplissimae pecuniae domi- 
nus ; Cic. 

CIRCUMSTANTIAL, a. I. Not essential; adveniens ; 
assumptus ; Cic. II. Particular, in detail; accura- 
tus; singulis rei adjunctis expositis; rebus singulis, or 
ex ordine, enarratis. 

CIRCUMSTANTIALLY, ad. Singulatim ; sigillatim ; par- 
ticulatim ; per partes. To relate circumstantially; res 
singulas, or ex ordine, or singulatim, enarrare; rem 
ordine prosequi, Ter. ; singula recensere, Veil. ; tenuis- 
sima quaeque narrando prosequi ; singula rei adjuncta 

To CIRCUMVALLATE. v. a. Oppidum circumvallare, 
Caes. ; arcem circumdare ; vallum arci fossamque cir- 
eumdare ; Cic. ; fossas urbi circumducere. 

CIRCUMVALLATION. s. Circummunitio, Cres. ; valli et 
fossae circumductio, Vitr. 

To CIRCUMVENT, v. a. Circumvenire, Cic. ; alicui 
imponere ; aliquem fallere, decipere, in captionem indu- 
cere ; dare, or facere, alicui fraudem. 

CIRCUMVENTION, s. Fraus ; dolus malus ; fraudatio. 

To CIRCUMVOLVE. v. a. Circumvolutare ; circumvol- 
yere ; circumagere. 

To CIRCUMVOLVE. v. n. Circumvolutari ; circumvolvi ; 
circumagi ; or, se circumagere. 

CIRCUMVOLUTION, s. Circumactus, us. 

CIRCUS or CIRQUE, s. Circus. Of or belonging to the 
circus; circensis. 

CISTERN, s. Cisterna, ae, f., Col. Water from the 
cistern ; aqua cisternina, Col. 

CIT. s. Homo plebeius. 

CITADEL, s. Arx, arcis, f. 

CITATION, s. I. A calling before a judge ; in jus 
vocatio. II. A quotation; loci e scriptore prolatio. 
III. A passage quoted; scriptoris testimonium, or 

To CITE. v. a. I. To summon before a judge ; 
alicui diem dicere ; aliquem in jus vocare. II. To 
quote ; auctorem citare, laudare, appellare, or afferre, 
Cic. ; locum e scriptore adducere. 

CITHERN, s. Cithara, ae, f. 

CITIZEN, s. Civis, is, m. and f. My fellow citizen ; 
civis.municeps, or popularis meus. 

CITIZENLIKE. ad. Urbico ritu ; nee laute, nee sordide ; 
civiliter, Cic. 

CITIZENSHIP, s. Civitas ; civitatis jus. See Freedom 
of a city, in CITY, II. 

CITRON. 5. Malum citreum ; citreum ; malum me- 
dicum ; Plin. 

CITRON-TREE, s. Citrus, i, f. ; malus medica. 

CITY. s. I. A large town; urbs ; civitas, Caes.; 
Quint. ; oppidum. A capital or chief city; urbs regni 
caput ; urbium princeps. A large and Jme city ; urbs 
amplissima atque ornatissima, Cic An ancient city ; 
urt>3 vetustate inclyta, Curt. ; oppidum pervetus, Cic. 
A city in a plain; urbs pianissimo loco explicata, 
Cic. A city on a hill ; urbs edita, Sen A city on 
the, side of a hill ; urbs applicata colli, Liv. A city 
on a river; urbs flumini apposita, Tac. II. The 
body of citizens ; civitas ; cives, ium, pi. The free- 
dom of a city ; civitas; civitatis jus To have the 
freedom of a city ; civitatem habere. To obtain the 
freedom of a city ; civitatem consequi To grant the 
freedom of a city ; alicui civitatem largiri, or tribuere, 
Cic., or communicare, Liv. ; aliquem civem, or in civi- 
tatem, adsciscere; civitati, or in civitatem, adscribere; 
ciritate donare, Cic. That has received the freedom of 
a city ; civitate donatus. To deprive of the freedom of 


a city ; allcui civitatem adimere, or eripefe ; aliquem 
e civium numero segregare ; Cic. To lose the freedom 
of a city; civitatem amittere, or perdere, Cic.; jure 
civitatis excidere. 

CITY. (Used as an adjective.) I. Of or belonging 
to a large town; urbicus ; urbanus. II. Of or be- 
longing to a body of citizens ; civilis ; civieus. 

CIVET, CIVET-CAT, s. Zibetta, x, f. 

Civic, a. Civieus ; civilis. 

CIVIL, a. I. Relating to citizens ; civilis ; civieus. 

Civil society ; humana consociatio. Civil discord ; 

pestis intestina ; malum intestinum ; Liv Civil war ; 

civile bellum, Caes. I detest civil w ar ; acivilibus castris 

abhorreo, Cic Civil law-, jus civile, Cic., or civicum, 

Hor. An action in civil law ; causa in jure civili posita. 

Civil death ; capitis diminutio ; civitatis ademptio. 

II. Civilized, gentle, complaisant; urbanus; hu- 
manus ; officiosus ; Cic. ; comis, Ov. ; civilis, e, Suet. 
He is extremely civil ; est omni urbanitate limatus ; 
summe in omnes officiosus est ; Cic. To do what is 

civil towards any one ; aliquem officio prosequi Say 

what is civil to him for me ; hunc a me velim salvere 
jubeas, Ter. ; eum verbis mcis, or nomine meo, saluta, 

CIVILIAN, s. Jurisconsultus ; jurisperitus. 

CIVILITY, s. i.e. Politeness, complaisance; huma- 
nitas ; urbanitas ; comitas ; Cic To treat one with 
civility ; comem et urbanum esse erga aliquem, Cic. ; 
esse singular! officio in aliquem. To be deficient in 
civility ; ab humanitate deduci For my part, I always 
received great civility from him; obtinemus semper 
sununam illius in nos humanitatem. 

To CIVILIZE, v. a. I. To reclaim from a barbarous 
state; a fera agrestique vita ad humanum cultum ci- 
vilemque deducere, Cic. II. To make civil ; ad hu- 
manitatis officia informare ;. ad omne officii munus 

CIVILLY, ad. I. Politely ; humaniter ; officiose ; 

urbane ; Cic To salute civilly- ; perbenigne salutare. 

II. In a manner relating to government ; civiliter. 

CLACK, s. (Oi'amill); molare crepitaculum. 

To CLACK, v. n. Ad crepitaculi molaris instar strepere. 

CLAD. a. Vestitus, Cic. ; veste indutus, Virg. Well 
or ill clad ; vestitus bene, or male, Cic. Elegantly 

clad ; laute vestitus, Plaut Clad in purple ; purpu- 

ratus, Cic. 

To CLAIM, v. a. Rem petere, poscere, postulare ; rem 
ut suam sibi vindicare, or repetere. 

CLAIM, s. Petitio; postulatio; postulatum. To lay 
claim to a thing ; rem- jure suam esse contendere, Cic. 

CLAIMANT, s. Qui petit, &c. ; petitor. 

CLAIR-OBSCURE. s. Lumen et umbras ordinandi sci- 

CLAMBER, v. a. In locum adrepere,. reptando as- 

CLAMBERING, s. Reptatus, us. 

CLAMMINESS, s. Lentor ; lentitia ; glutinosus humor. 

CLAMMY, a. Lentus, Plin.; glutinosus; viscosus : 

CLAMOROUS, a. Strepens ;. tumultuosus. 

CLAMOUR, s. Clamor, oris, m. ; clamitatio ; inconditus 
fremitus ; strepitus, us. 

To CLAMOUR, v. n. Clamare ; clamores edere, or 
tollere ; clamitare ; Cic. 

CLAN. s. Tribus, us, f. Clansman ; tribulis. 

CLANDESTINE, a. Clandestinus, Cic. 

CLANDESTINELY, ad. Clam ; occulte ; Cic. ; clan- 
destine, Plaut. ; clanculum, Ter. 

CLANG, s. (Tubarum) sonus, or sonitus, Cic., clanr 
gor, Virg., fremitus, Sen. The clang of arms ; armo- 
rum fremitus, Cic., crepitus, Plin. 

CLANK., s. Tinnitus, us. 

To CLANK, v. n. Tinnire. 

To CLAP. v. a- I. To strike together with a quick 
motion ; concutere To clap hands ; complodere manus> 
Quint. : (in token of applause) ; plausum dare, or ma- 

nibus alicui plaudere, Cic To clap the wings ; alis 

plaudere, Virg. ; alas concutere, Claud., verberare, Plaut., 
quatere, Virg., plausu premere, Cic. II. To applaud; 
alicui plaudere, applaudere, plausum dare, or impertire ; 
aliquem plausu prosequi ; Cic. III. To put or join to; 
rem alieui, or ad aliam, applicare, apponere, or admovere, 
Cic To clap spurs to one's horse ; calcaria equo ad- 
movere, subdere, or adhibere, Cic. ; concitare equum 
calcaribus, Liv. 

CLAP. s. Strepitus ; fremitus ; crepitus, us A clap 
of thunder ; ingens, or ingenti fragore, tonitru. A clap 
of the hands ; complosae manus : (in token of applause) ; 
plausus, applausus. 

CLAPPER, s. I. One who claps his hands for ap- 
plause ; plausor ; applausor. II. That which makes a 
noise The clapper of a mill ; molare crepitaculum 
The clapper of a, bell ; ferrea clava. HI. A clapper 
(of rabbits) ; leporum latibulum. 

CLARET, s. Vinum rubellum, Mart. ; vinum helvum, . 
or helvolum, Col. 

CLARIFICATION s. Liquoris defeecandi ratio. 
E 3 



To CLARIFY, v. a. Defrecare, Col. ; (liquorem diluere, 
Front.) To clarify wine; vinura liquare, Hor., eli 
quare, Col. 

CLARINET, s. Soni acutioris major tibia. 

CLARION, s. Lituus, Hor. ; acutioris soni tibia. 

To CLASH. v. n. Inter se collidi ; confligere. 

CLASH, s. Collisus, Plin. ; (collisio, Justin.) ; con 
flictus, us, Cic. ; conflictio, Quint. 

CLASP. *. I. A hook to hold any thing close ; fibula, 
Ov. ; uncinus, Vitr. That has a clasp; flbulatus, Col. ; 
hamatusetuncinatus, Cic. II. Anembrace ; amplexus, 
us ; complexus, us ; Cic. 

To CLASP, v. a. I. To shut with a clasp ; fibulare 
(vestem). II. To embrace ; amplecti ; complecti, Cic. 

CLASPER. s. (Of a plant) ; clavicula, Cic. ; capreolus, 
Varr. ; pi. cirrhi, orum, Plin. 

CLASS, s. Classis ; ordo. 

To CLASS, v. a. In classes distribuere, Quint. 

CLASSICAL, a. ( Writer) ; scriptor classicus, Cell. 

To CLATTER, v. n. I. To make a noise; crepare; 
strepere ; acute sonare. II. To talk rapidly and idly ; 
inepte garrire ; efftitire. 

CLATTER, s. Strepitus ; crepitus. 

CLAUSE, s. Caput; clausula. 

CLAW. s. Unguis, Cic. ; falcula, Plin. ; falcatus un- 
guis. The claws of a crab ; denticulati cancri forcipes, 

To CLAW. v. a, Ungue (unguibus) perstringere, or 
leviter perstringere ; ungue (unguibus) sauciare, lacerare. 
N. B. It is sometimes used in a low sense, for To 
flatter ; see To FLATTER. 

CLAY. s. I. Potter's earth ; argilla ; terra, or creta, 

figularis Of clay ; argillaceus, Plin. Made of clay 

(by the potter); flctilis, Cic.; flglinus, Plin. II. (In 
poetry); Earth in general, ; terra Of clay ; terrenus. 

To CLAY. v. a. Argillam solo inducere. 

CLAYEY, CLAYISH. a. I. Full of clay ; argillosus, 
Col. II. Like, or consisting of, clay ; argillaceus, Plin. 

CLEAN, a. I. Free from dirt ; mundus ; nitidus ; 
purus ; mundatus ; purgatus Clean water ; aqua pura. 

A clean shirt ; subucula munda Clean paper ; charta 
pura. II. Free from moral impurity ; mundus ; purus ; 
integer. / have a clean conscience ; nullius ego mihi 
culpap sum conscius, Cic. To have clean hands ; manus 

ab alieno abstinere, Cic That has clean hands ; alieni 

abstinentissimus, Plin. III. Neat, elegant ; concinnus; 
comptus i lautus ; elegans. 

CLEAN, ad. i.e. Quite, perfectly ; plane; omnino ; pe- 
nitus ; in totum ^ ex toto. 

To CLEAN, v.a. Purgare; expurgare ; mundare ; 

detergere; purificare, Plin.; Goll To clean wheat; 

frumentum expurgare, Col. To clean a garment ; ves- 
tem desquamare, Plin To clean the teeth; denies pur- 
gare, Cic., circumpurgare, Cels., lavare, Catull., collu- 
ere, Plin. 

CLEANLY, ad. Munditer ; nitide ; Plaut. ; munde, 

CLEANLINESS. *. Munditia, Cic. ; mundities, Catull. 

CLEANLY, a. Mundus. 

CLEANNESS, s. Munditia; mundities. 

To CLEANSE, v. a. Purgare ; expurgare ; mundare ; 
detergere ; purificare, Plin. ; Cell. To cleanse a vessel; 
vas eluere To cleanse a water-course ; fossam tergere, 
Col., luto expedire, Caes. To cleanse the blood; san- 
guinem purgare. 

CLEANSER, s. Qui purgat, &c. (Mundator, purgator, 
are found only in very late writers.) 

CLEAR, a. I. .Bright; clarus; lucidus ; purus; 
splendidus. To grow clear; nitescere. II. Trans- 
parent ; perlucidus ; pellucidus ; perlucens ; Cic 

Clear water ; aqua limpida, Col. A clear spring ; 
fons illimis, Ov. III. Serene; serenus; lucidus ; pu- 
rus. A clear sky ; ccelum serenum ; purum, sc. ccelum, 
Hor. A clear night; nox lucida, Plaut. ; nox sideribus 
illustris, Tac. IV. Perspicuous; planus ; perspicuus. 

A clear statement ; perspicua et dilucida narratio. 

V. Evident ; manifest ; clarus ; manifestus ; perspicuus ; 
evidens; Cic It is clear ; constat; liquet: perspicuum 
est ; Cic. Nothing is more clear; nihil explicatius, 
Cic. His right, or title, is clear ; ejus causa in contro- 
versiam vocari npn potest, Cic. TO make a matter 
clear rem perspicuam facere, Cic. VI. Irreproach- 
able; omni reprehensione carens ; probatissimus ; Cic. ; 
labe carens, Ov. ; integer; castus. VII. Free from 
imputed guilt ; a culpa remotus ; innocens; Cic.; scele- 
ris innocens, Tac. ; sceleris, or scelere, insons, Liv. ; pu- 
rus, Hor. To be clear from a fault ; culpa carere, or 
vacare ; extra culpam esse ; abesse a culpa ; Cic / have 
a clear conscience ; nullius. ego mihi culpae sum conscius, 
Cic. VIII. Sonorous ; clarus ; canorus ; liquidus ; 
lirapidus. A clear voice ; vox liquida, Cic., or limpida, 
Plin That makes the voice clear ; id vocis splendorem 
affert, Plin. IX. Thin ; rarus. X. Open and unen- 
cumbered; (campus) purus. XI. Without danger; tu- 
tus. To keep clear of (any thing hurtful) ; vitare ; devi- 
tare ; declinare a re; rem fu'gere ; or, a re effugere, Cic. 
XIL Without deduction ; purus : quid possit ad dominos 

purl ac reliqui pervenire, i.e. clear gain, Cic. XIII. 
Not confused A clear head ; accuratum et rectum in- 
genium, Cic. 

To CLEAR, v.a. I. To make bright, transparent, 
serene, %c. ; clarum, purum, serenum, &c., reddere. 
II. To free from obscurity ; rei lucem aflerre, or lumen 
adhibere ; rem dilucidare, enodare, enucleare, explicare. 
To clear a difficulty ; nodum explicare ; locum diffici- 
lem explicare, or ex planar e, Cic. To clear a doubt j 
dubia aperire, Cic. ; dubitationem tollere, or eximere, 

Quint. III. To discharge ; liquidare ; expedire To 

clear one's^ debts ; aes alienum solvere, exsolvere, dissol- 
vere ; nomina dissolvere ; liberare, or levare, se aere alieno; 
Cic. ; eere alieno, or a crcditoribus, se liberare, Sen. 
To clear at the custom-house ; portorium de mercimoniis 
dare, ;Cic. IV. To remove any incumbrance ; impe- 

dimentum amoliri, or amovere ; expedire ; purgare 

To clear the roads; vias expedire, Cic To clear the 
sea from pirates; maritimos prsedones consectando mare 
tutum reddere, Cic. ; mare praedonibus obnoxium vindi- 
care a piraticis classibus, Curt To clear a trench ; 

fossam tergere, Col. ; luto expedire, Caes To clear the 

table ; mensas auferre, Plaut., removere, Virg. ; mensam 
tollere, Cic. The table is cleared; convivium sublatum 
est, Plaut. V. To clarify ; liquare ; eliquare ; dilu- 
ere ; defaecare To clear (a metal) ; purgare ; e faece 

sua separare To clear the air, or sky ; ccelum repur- 
gare, Ov. ; aera purgare discussis nubibus, Sil. ItaJ 
To clear the voice ; vocem claram reddere ; voci splendo- 
rem afferre, Plin. VI. To gain ; lucrari ; lucrffacere ; 
lucrum, or quaestum, facere; Ck. VII. To justify ; 
aliquem crimine, or de crimine, absolvere ; a scelere li- 
berare ; Cic. To clear of theft; absolvere furti, de furto, 
furti crimine, Cic To clear of collusion; absolvere de 
praevaricatione, Cic Cleared, i.e. justified, absolved; 
absolutus ; scelere liberatus ; crimine solutus ; criminis, 
crimine, absolutus ; Cic To clear one's self; culpam a 
se amoliri, Plaut., amovere, Liv. ; crimen diluere, pur- 
gare, dissolvere, Cic. VIII. To clear up, i. e. to 
make clear ; (rem) dilucidare, Cic. 

To CLEAR UP. v. n. (Of the weather) ; clarescere ; dis- 
serenare When it had quite cleared up ; cum undique 
disserenasset, Liv. 

CLEARANCE, s. i.e. Certificate, discharge; solutae rei 
cautio, Cic. ; (inscriptum, Lucil. ; apocha, ae, f., Ulp. ; 
acceptilatio, Ulp.). 

CLEARLY, ad. I. Brightly ; clare ; lucide ; splen- 
dide. II. Evidently, manifestly ; manifesto; or, mani- 
festo ; perspicue ; evidenter ; Cic One sees clearly ; 
patet, or perspicuum est, omnibus. III. Intelligibly; 

plane et aperte To speak clearly ; verbis dilucidis uti, 

Cic. IV. Plainly ; clare. To see clearly ; clare ocu- 
lis videre, Plaut To see clearly into a matter ; rem 
percallere, Cic. A matter in which one cannot see his 
way clearly ; causa obscuritate involute, Cic To dis- 
cern clearly the faults of others ; in alienis vitiis acutum 
cernere, Hor. V. Honestly, without reserve or subter- 
fuge ; candide ; non dissimulanter ; palam et aperte. 

CLEARNESS, s. 1. Brightness, splendour; claritas ; 
lumen ; splendor ; nitor Clearness of the air or sky ; 
serenitas, Cic. ; diei apricitas, or hilaritas, Col. II. 
Transparence ; perspicuitas, Plin. ; perluciditas, Vitr. : 
(of a liquid) ; Ifmpitudo, Plin Clearness of water ; aquae 
pellucida raritas, Vitr. III. Distinctness ; (of the 
voice) ; claritas vocis, Cic. : (of the vision) ; claritas visus, 
or oculorum, Plin. : (of the understanding) ; perspicuitas ; 
perspicacitas ; perspicacia ; perspicientia ; Cic. IV. 
Evidence ; evidentia ; perspicuitas, Cic With clear- 
ness ; evidenter, Liv. ; clare j perspicue ; manifesto ; 
manifesto; Cic. 

CLEAR-SIGHTED, a. Perspicax ; rerum, or in rebus, 
intelligens. To be clear-sighted with regard to one's 
own interests ; suam rem sapere, Plaut. ; plurimum in re 
sua videre, Phaedr. 

CLEAR-SIGHTEDNESS, s. Perspicientia; perspicacitas; 

To CLEARSTARCH, v. a. Linteum amylo imbuere, 

CLEARSTARCHER. s. Qui (quae) linteum amylo imbuit. 

CLEARSTARCHING, s. Lintei amylo imbuendi cura. 

To CLEAVE, v. n. i. e. To adhere, stick fast to ; (to a 
thing) ; rei, ad rem, or in re, inhaerere, adhaerere : (to a 
person) ; alicui se adjungere, or astringere ; se ad alicujus 
amicitiam applicare ; alicui se dedere, or addicere ; ali- 
cujus fortunarn sequi His soul cleaves unto her ; mu- 
lieri animum adjungit, Ter. : (to a study or pursuit) ; rei 
studere, studium dare, or se addicere ; ad rem animum 
appellere, Cic. 

To CLEAVE, v. a. i. e. To divide with violence ; findere ; 
diffindere ; secare. To cleave the head ; caput ferro ape- 
rire, Juv To cleave rocks ; silices rumpere To cleave 

the air; ae'rem perrumpere, Cic.: (in flying); pennis 
aethera secare, Virg. To cleave the flood; undas, or 

suora, secare, Virg. 

CLEAVER. *. I. One who cleaves ; qui findit, &c. ; 
lector. II. A butcher's chopping-knife ; securicula, 
Plin. ; grandior culter. 



CLEAVING-STONE, s. Schistus, Plin. 

CLEF. s. (In music) ; notarum musicarum index. 

CLEFT. *. Rima; fissum ; fissura A little cleft; 

CLEFT or CLOVEN, a. Fissus ; diffissus. Cleft or 
cloven in two; in duas partes diVisus, Cic. ; hifidus, 
Virg. ; bifidatus, Plin. ; bisulcus, Plin. ; Ov. (In three) ; 
trifidus, Ov (In four) ; quadrifidus, Virg. (In many 
parts) i multifidus, Plin. 

CLEMENCY, s. dementia, Cic With clemency; 
cleanenter ; leniter ; Cic. 

CLEMENT, a. Clemens, Cic. 

CLERGY. $. Clerus ; clericus ordo. 

CLERGYMAN, s. Clericus, i, m. 

CLERICAL, a.' Ecclesiasticus ; clericus. 

CLERK, s. I. A clergyman; clericus, i, m. II. 
A scholar ; rfoctus ; eruditus ; literatus. A great clerk; 
^erdoctus ; pereruditus ; doctissimus ; eruditissimus ; 
omni doctrina ornatissimus ; artibus et doctrinis instruc- 
tissimus; Cic. III. A man employed as a writer; 
scriba, ae, m. ; librarius ; Cic. ; amanuensis, Suet. ; a ma- 
nu, ab epistolis (sc. servus). 

CLERKSHIP, a. i. e. The office of a writer ; scribal 
munus ; scriptus, fts, Liv. ; (scribatus, us, Cod. Just.) 
To be a clerk ; scriptum facere, Liv. 

CLEVER, a. Solers ; solers subtilisque, Cic.; callidus ; 

dexter Clever in business ; rerum gerendarum peritus, 

Cic.; rerum callidus, Hor. Clever in any particular 
matter ; rei habilis ; ad rem, or rei, aptus ; ad rem ido- 
neus, Cic. He is a clever man in his profession or bu- 
siness ; vir est in arte sua ; rem percallet. 

CLEVERLY, ad. Solerter ; dextere ; callide. 

CLEVERNESS, s. Solertia ; dexteritas ;. calliditas, Cic. 

CLEW or CLUE. s. I. A ball of silk, S;c.; glomus, i. 
m., Hor. ; glomus, eris, n., Plin. ; (bombyx) in orbes 
g^lomerata. II. Guide ; dux ; quod viam praemonstrat. 

CLIENT, s. I. One who has put himself under the pro- 
tection of another ; cliens ; qui se in potentioris fidem ac 

clientelam se contulit, Cic A female client; clienta, ae, 

f., Plaut. ; Hor. II. One who has applied to an advocate 
for counsel and defence ; qui causam patrono commisit. 

CLIENTSHIP. s. Clientela. 

CLIFF. *. I. A steep rock ; rupes praerupta ; scopu- 
lus. A cliffy shore ; prominens et abruptum litus. 
II. (In music); see CLEF. 


Plin. Ep A climactcrical year ; climacter, eris, m., 

Plin.; annus climactericus. 

CLIMATE or CLIME, s. I. A region; regio ; trac- 
tus, us ; ora ; Cic. ; plaga, ae, f., Plin. ; (clima, atis, is 
used only by very late writers.). II. Temperature; 

CLIMAX. *. Gradatio, Cic. 

To CLIMB or CLIMB UP. v. n. (In arbprem, montem, 
&c.) ascendere ; reptando ascendere; in altitudinem 
assurgere. To climb up to the top of a mountain; in 
verticem montis eniti. 

To CLINCH or CLENCH, v. a. I. To hold in the 
hand with the fingers bent over it ; manu corripere To 
clinch the fist; colaphum, or pugnum, facere ; manum 
comprimere ; Cic. II. To bend the point of a nail on 
the other side; clavi cuspidem retundere, Cic. III. 
To confirm, fix ; firmare ; confirmare ; stabilire ; robo- 
rare ; Cic. 

CLINCH, s. i. e. A pun, an ambiguity ; verbum ambi- 
guum ; ambiguitas ; ex ambiguo dictum ; Cic. ; vox du- 
plicem habens intellectum, Quint. 

CLINCHER, s. i. e. A holdfast; ferrea fibula, Caes. ; 
ferrea ansa, Vitr. 

To CLING, v. n. Rei, ad rem, or in re, adhaerere, inhse- 
rere. See To CLEAVE. 

CLINGY, a. Glutinosus ; sequax. 

CLINIC or CLINICAL, a. Clinicus Clinical science; 
clmice, es, f. 

To CLINK, v. n. Tinnire. 

CLINK, s. Tinnimentum, Plaut. ; tinnitus, us, Virg. 

To CLIP. v. a. I. To hug, embrace; implicare in 
complexum, Catull. ; ambire complexibus, Ov. II. 
To shear; tondere ; detondere ; tonsitare. III. To 
cut off"; caedere ; praecidere ; abscindere ; resecare ; de- 
secare ; recidere. IV. To shorten, diminish; decur- 
tare ; curtare. 

CUPPINGS, s. pi. Segmina, pi. ; recisamenta, pi. 


CLOCK, s. I. A timepiece. ; horologium ; horologium 
rods instructum. The clock has stopped ; horologium 
silet. The clock goes well; horologium habet justum 
motum, or bene movetur To wind up a clock ; horo- 
logium intendere A clock case; theca horologii 
what o'clock is it ? hora quota est ? It is one o'clock ; 
hora prima est. It is past three o'clock; tertia hora 
aiulitaest. It is near six o'clock; sexta adest hora 
It is six o'clock ; sexta est hora. II. (Of a stocking) ; 
cuneus, i, m. 

CLOCKMAKER. s. Horologiorum opifex, or fabricator. 

CLOCKMAKINO. *. Ars horologica ; ars efficiendi ho- 


CLOCKWORK, s. Opus horologicum ; automaton. 

CLOD. s. I. A lump of earth ; gleba, ae, f. A little 

clod ; glebula Full of clods ; glebosus To break the 

clods; glebas frangere. II. A stupid fellow ; bardus, 
Plaut. ; truncus, plumbeus, homo, Cic., 

CLODDY, a. Glebosus. 


To CLOG. v. a. Impedire ; alicui in re impediraento 
esse ; rei impedimentum inferre ; Cic. ; fatigare, Ov. 

CLOG. s. I. A shackle for the feet ; compes, edis, 
m. To put clogs on a horse's feet; equo compedes im- 
pingere, Plaut. II. A hinder ance ; impedimentum ; 
frenum. III. A kind of half shoe ; .ligneus calceus ; 
solea lignea. 

CLOISTER, s. I. A monastery, a nunnery ; clans- 
trum ; mpnasterium, Sidon. ; ccenobium. II. A pe- 
ristyle, piazza ; peristylium. 

To CLOISTER, v. a. In monasterium impingere. 

CLOISTERAL. a. Monasticus ; ccenobiticus. 

CLOKE or CLOAK. 5. I. An outer garment; pal- 
lium ; penula ; lacerna A military or travelling cloak; 
sagum A little cloak ; palliolum A thort cloak; pal- 
lium breve. A long cloak j pallium talare. Wearing 
a cloak; palliatus ; paenulatus ; sagatus. II. Fig. Pre- 
text; species; invplucrum ; velamentum ; larva The 
cloke of religion; pietatis larva, or simulatio. 

To CLOKE. v. a. i. e. To hide, conceal ; tegere ; occul- 
tare ; dissimulare aliquid. 

CLOKE-BAG or CLOAK-BAG, s. Hippopera, ae, f., Sen. 

To CLOSE, v. a. I. To shut; claudere ; occludere. 

To close a wound; cicatricem vulneri inducere, Cels. ; 
perducere vulnus ad cicatricem, Plin. To close the eyes 
(of one dead) ; oculos claudere, or premere, Virg., or 
inclinare, Propert. ; see To SHUT. II. To conclude, 
finish ; concludere ; absolvere ; terminare ; finire ; rei 
finem facere, or imponere ; Cic. To close a business or 
matter ; negotium conficere, Cic. ; rem concludere, Ter. 

To close a letter ; epistolam concludere, Cic To 
close a discourse,; institutae orationis exitum expedire, 
Cic. To close an account ; rationem conficere. III. 

To close up (the avenues to a place) ; omnem aditum 
ad locum obstruere, Cic. IV. To close in ; see To IN- 

To CLOSE, v. n. I. To coalesce; coalescere ; con- 
glutinari. II. To close with, I. To grapple with an 
enemy ; venire ad arma, or ad manus. 2. To come to an 
agreement; cum aliquo transigere, pacisci, or pactionem 
facere; Cic. 

CLOSE, s. I. A place inclosed; septum ; clausum ; 
sepimentum ; claustrum. II. A conclusion, end; finis ; 
extremum ; extrema pars The close vf a business or 
affair ; negotii_confectio ; rei exitus, its, Cic. The close 

of a discourse'; conclusio ; peroratio ; clausula ; Cic 

The close of a play ; fabulaa peractio, Cic At or towards 
the close of a year ; anno extremo or exeunte, Cic. ; anni 
extremo, Tac At the close of summer ; affecta jam 
aestate, Cic. At the close of the campaign, aestivis con- 
fectis, Cic At the close of the third book; in extremo 
tertio libro, Cic At the close of the letter; in extrema 
parte epistolae, Cic Near its close ; paene confectus. 

CLOSE, a. I. Shut fast; clausus. II. Confined; 
rei, re, in rem, or in re, inclusus. To keep one close ; 
aliquem interclusum tenere Close, i. e. under lock and 
key ; clave servatus, Hor A close prisoner ; carcere 
arete inclusus. III. Solid ; densus ; spissus ; confertus. 

A close battalion ; confertum agmen. Close ranks ; 
densati ordines. IV. Concise; pressus ; adstrictus 
To have a close style ; presse, or strictim, dicere, Cic. 

V. Contiguous, near; rei, or cum re, continens; 
prope Close to any one; prope aliquem, or ab aliquo. 

Close to Rome; prope urbem Romam. To fight' in 
close combat; cominus pugnare. To come to a close 
engagement ; ad manum, or ad manus, venire, Cic., or 
accedere, Nep. ; in manus venire, Sail. VI. Narrow ; 
arctus ; angustus. Close alleys or walks; viarum an- 
gustiae A close coat; astrictius eagum. VII. Inti- 
mate ; conjunctus To live on terms of the closest friend- 
ship with one ; cum aliquo conjunctissime vivere, Cic 
He was united to him by the closest lies of friendship ; illi 
arctissimis amicitiae vinculis conjunctus est, Cic. 
VIII. Reserved; sui obtegens, Tac.; tectus ; homo re- 
condita natura ; Cic. IX. Attentive; attentus ; in- 
tenttfs ; deditus To give close attention to study ; toto 
animo literis se dedere ; literis assidue uti ; toto pectore, 
or tota mente omnique an'ini impetu, in studium incum- 
bere ; Cic To give close attention to any matter; rei 
attentum se praebere ; ad rem aniTnum intendere, or 
mentem admovere Close study; animi applicatio, or 
coutentio, Cic. X. Dark (applied tothe weather); tec- 
tus ; opacus ; opertus. XI. Parsimonious ; ad hirgien- 
dum restrictior ; tenax , Cic. ; parcus et tenax, Ter. 


CLOSELY, ad. I. Nearly ; prope ; de proximo To 
follow one closely; vestigiis alicujus instare, premere 
To look into any thin% closely ; rem prope intueri; rem 

attentius inspicere, Cic. 
occulto; secreto. 

Secretly ; clam ; latenter ^ 


CLOSENESS, s, I. Nearness; vicinia ; vicinitas ; pro- 
pinqiritas ; proximitas. II. Secrecy, reserve; taciturni- 
tas, Ter. III. Parsimony; niraia parsimonia, Ter. : 
tenacitas, Liv. 

CLOSES-TOOL, s. Sella familiaris, or familiarica. 

CLOSET, s. Conclave, is, n., Ter. ; secretius cubicu- 
lum, Suet To retire into one's closet; in conclave se 
committere, Cic. 

CLOT. s. Globus, i, m. ~ 

To CLOT, v . Abire in globes ; globari parvis orbi- 
bus ; Plin. 

CLOTH, s, I. Any thing woven for dress or cover- 
ing; textile, is, n., Liv. ; pannus, Hor. ; tela cannabina, 
or linea Cotton-cloth ; tela e filo xylino texta Cloth 
of gold ; tela aurea. Cloth of silver ; tela argentea, or 
ex argento textili Fine cloth; tenuissimum linum ; 
tela e lino tenuissimo, Cic. Coarse cloth; pannus 

crassus et vilis Cerecloth ; tela incerata To make 

cloth ; telam texere, Ter. ; villos ovium contexere, Cic. 

The manufacture of cloth ; pannorum laneorum tex- 
tura, Cic. II. A piece of linen spread upon the table; 
linteum quo mensa insternitur To lay the cloth ; men- 
sam linteo insternere To remove the cloth; mensam 
linteo nudare. III. Covering of a bed; stragulum; 
stragula vestis, Cic. ; toral, alis, n., Hor. ; lodix, icis, f., 
Juv. ; lodicula, ae, f., Suet. ; pi. lintea, orum, n., Mart. 

To CLOTHE, v. a. I. To invest with garments ; alicui 
vestem, or aliquem veste, inducere, Ter. ; vestire, Plaut. 

Clothed; vestitus ; indutus Clothed in purple; pur- 
puratus. Clothed in black ; atratus. II. To provide 
with clothes; alicui vestem prsebere, Cic. III. To in- 
vest (as with clothes) ; induere; vestire ; contegere ; con- 
vestire { rem re inducere. 

CLOTHES, s. pi. Vestis ; vestitus, us ; vestimentum ; 
Cic Men's clothes women's clothes; vestitus, or ha- 
bitus, virilis, muliebris Old clothes ; vestis obsoleta 
Mourning clothes ; vestis lugubris, Ter. ; lugubre vesti- 
mentum, Cic. ; lugubria, ium, n. pi., Sen. To put on 
one's clothes; induere sibi vestem, Plaut. ; induere ves- 
tem, or se veste, Ter. ; vestem sumere, Cic To take, off 
one's clothes; vestes ponere, deponere, or exuere To take 
off the clothes of another person; alicui vestem, or ves- 
timenta, detrahere ; vestes, or aliquem vestibus, exuere 
To 'change one's clothes ; vestem mutare, Ter A master 
is bound to provide his slave with clothes ; dominus servo 
debet vestiarium, Sen. Bed-clothes; see CLOTH, III. 

CLOTHIER, s. Panni opifex. The work or trade of a 
clothier ; pannorum laneorum textura, Cic. 


CLOTTED, or CLOTTY, a. Coagulatus. (Grumosus is 
not Latin.) 

CLOUD, s. I. A collection of vapours in the air; 
nubes, is, f. ; nubilum ; also, nebula, which means pro- 
perly, A vapour or mist, is used by the poets in the sense 
of A cloud.] A little cloud f nubecula. A cloud, fig.,'i. e. 
any thing which hinders the view ; nubes ; nubecula ; 
caligo A cloud of sorrow; nubes; nubecula; tristitia. 

A cloud of dust; nubes pulveris A cloud (of birds 
flying, S(C.) ; magna vis. A cloud of witnesses ; caterva 

testium A !>ky without clouds; innubilis aether, Lucr.; 

aer sine nubibus, Ov To scatter the clouds ; nubila 
detergere, Hor. A cloud without rain; aridior, or va- 
cua, nubes, Lucr.; Sen. To extol to the clouds ; summis 
laudibus efferre, Cic. ; ad ccelum tollere, Hor To lose 
one's self in the clouds; nubes et inania captare, Hor. 

II. A dark spot on precious stones, $c.; nubes; 
nubecula; Plin. 

To CLOUD, v. a. I. To darken or cover with clouds ; 
nubilum inducere ; nubila conducere, inducere, obdu- 
cere ; ccelum obducere nubibus ; nubilare, Varr. (Nu- 
bilare, in this sense, is found only in Paulin. Nol., Carm. 
x. 37. ; obnubilare occurs only in late writers.) II. 
Fig. To obscure ; rem obscurare ; rei caliginem inducere, 
noctem, or tenebras, offundere, or obducere ; Cic. 

CLOUD-CAPT. a. Nubifer, Ov. 

CLOUDINESS. 5. I. Cloudy or overcast weather; nu- 
bilum, i, n. ; ccelum nebulosum, or caliginosum, Cic. 
II. Obscurity; obscuritas; tenebra? ; caligo. 

CLOUDLESS, a. Innubilis ; innubis ; sine nubibus 
A cloudless sky; sudum ; ccelum purum, or serenum, 
Cic. ; innubilis aether, Lucr. ; aer sine nubibus, Ov. 

CLOUDY, a. I. Covered with clouds; nubilus ; nu- 
bilans ; subnubilus ; caliginosus ; nubibus obductus 
Cloudy weather ; nubilum ccelum nebulosum, or caligi- 
nosum, 'Cic. In cloudy weather; nubilo. The sky is 
cloudy; aer nubilat, Varr. Cloudy mornings turn to 
fair evenings ; non si male nunc, et olim sic erit, Hor. 
II. Dark, obscure ; obscurus ; tenebrosus, tene- 

bricosus Somewhat cloudy; subobscurus, Cic A 

cloudy colour; nubilus, or surdus, color, Plin. III. 
Gloomy; nubilus ; tristis. 

CLOVE, s. I. A spice; caryophyllum, Plin. II., 
One of the parts into which gar lick separates; Mllii stica, 
Col. ; allii nucleus, Plin. 



CLOVER, s. Trifolium To live in clover; rerum 


omnium abundantia vivere, Cic That lives in clover; 

cui abunde adsunt omnia, Cic. 

CLOUT. , I. A cloth for any mean purpose; peni- 
culus; peniculum; penicillum ; paunus. II. ClouU 
(swaddling clothes) ; fasciae, arum, pi. III. An iron 
plate to keep an axle-tree from wearing ; ferrea lamina. 

To CLOUT, v.a. Vestes reccncinnare, or interpolate ; 
laceram vestem panniculis assutis resarcire, Cic. 

CLOWN, s. I. A rustic; rusticus ; agrestis ; rus- 
ticanus homo ; Cic. M. A coarse, ill-bred man; homo 
rusticus, agrestis, inurbanus. III. An actor in farce* 
and pantomimes ; alapista. 

CLOWNISH, a. Rusticus ; agrestis ; inhumanus ; in- 
urbanus < illepidus Somewhat clownish; rusticulus ; 
gubrusticus ; subagrestis, Cic. 

CLOWNISHNESS. s. Rusticitas ; rustici mores ; Ulepida, 
or inurbana, agendi ratio. 

To CLOY. . a. Aliquem re saturare, or explere, in 
re satiare, rei satietate afficere ; rei satietatem alicui 
afferre; Cic. 

CLUB. s. I. A heavy stick ; clava, ae, f. ; fustis, is, 
m One that carries a club; claviger, eri, m., Ov. ; 
clayator, Plaut. II. An assembly of companions ; so- 
dalitium ; sodales, um, pi. ; sodalitas A literary club ; 
doctorum consessus, us He does not belong to our 
club ; Insodalibus nostris non est, Plaut. III. Share 
of a reckoning; symbola, ae, f., Ter.; collecta, ae, f., 

Cic To pay one's club ; collectam dare, Ter To 

collect the club; collectam a singulis exigere, Cic 

That pays his club; symbolae collator, Plaut Thai 
does not pay his club ; asymbolus, Ter. 

To X^LUB. v. n. Pecunias in commune conferre, Cic. 

CLUB-FOOT, s. Pes in obtusum contractus Clnb- 

footed; pravis talis male fultus, Hor. 

To CLUCK (as a hen), v. n. Glocire, Cic.; (gloci- 
tare, Fest.). 

CLUCKING, s. Nutricis gallinse singultus, us, Col. 

CLUE. s. See CLEW. 

CLUMP. *. I. A shapeless mass; rudis massa ; 
moles, is, f. II. A cluster (of trees) ; silvula. 

CLUMSILY, ad. Rustice; incondite; ineleganter, Cic.; 
illepide. Plin. ; Invenuste, Cell. ; inepte ; parum dextre. 

CLUMSINESS, s. Solertiae parum ; non magna solertia. 

CLUMSY, o. Dexteritatis expers ; rei parum habilis. 

A clumsy air or gait ; incompositus corporis habitus, 

CLUSTER, s. Acervus ; coacervatio ; congeries ; strues ; 
copia ; vis. A cluster of grapes, ivy-berries, $c. ; ra- 
cemus. In clusters ; cumulatim ; acervatim. 

To CLUSTER, v. a. Coacervare ; accumulare ; Cic. ; 
acervare, Plin. 

To CLUTCH, v.a. I. To grasp ; manu corripere. 
II. To double the hand; manum comprimere ; pug- 
num, or colaphum, facere. 

CLUTCH, s. i.e. Grasp, seizure; captura; captus, 
us. Clutches, pl., manus, pi.; ungues, pi To save 
from one's clutches ; rem e manibus extorquere, Cic. 

CLUTTER, s. Tumultus, us ; turba. 

To CLUTTER, v. n. Tumultuari ; turbas facere ; Cic. 

CLYSTER, s. Clyster, eris, m., Plin To use a 

clyster; uti alvi ductione, Cels. To administer a 
clyster ; alvum clystere ducere. 

To COACERVATE. v. a. Coacervare ; accumulare ; 
congerere ; Cic.; acervare, Plin. 

COACERVATION. s. Coacervatio ; accumulatio ; Cic. 

COACH, s. Currus, us; rheda; Cic. ; carruca, Mart.; 
pilentum, Virg A coach and pair; bigae, arum, pi., 

Virg. ; rheda juncta duobus equis, Cic A coach and 

four , rheda juncta quatuor equis ; quadriga, Col 

Coach-horses ; equi rhedarii The body of a coach ; 

rhedse capsus, Vitr. To put the horses into a coach ; 

equos rhedae jungere To drive a coach s aurigare, 

Suet. ; aurigari, Varr To ride m a coach; curru vehi. 

A hackney-coach; rheda conductitia. A livery or 

flass coach ; rheda meritoria. A stage-coach ; con- 
uctitia rheda citatior. 

COACHFUL. s. Qui simul rheda sedent, or vehuntur. 

COACH-HOUSE, s. Rhedae receptaculum. 

COACHMAKER. s. Rhedarum opifex. 

COACHMAN, s. Hhedarius, Cic. ; auriga, 32, m., Ov. ; 
aurigarius, Suet. 

COACTION. s. Coactus, us, Cic. 

COACTIVE. a. Qui cogendi jus habet. 

COADJUTOR, s. Adjutor ; fern, adjutrix ; Cic. 

To COAGULATE, v. a. Coagulare To coagulate 

milk; lac induritiem cogere, Plin. 

To COAGULATE, v. n. Concrescere, Virg. ; in den- 
sitatem coire, Plin. 

COAGULATION. *. Coagulatio, Plin. 

COAL. . Carbo, onis, m A dead coal ; carbo. A 
live or burning coal; pruna ; carbo candens. Of or 
belonging to coal ; carbonarius. 

COAL-HOLE or COAL-HOUSE, s. Cella carbonaria. 

COAL-MAN, COAL-MERCHANT, s. Carbonarius, i, m. 

COAL-MINE, COAL-PIT, s. Fodina carbonaria. 

To COALESCE, v. n. Coalescere ; coire. 

COALITION. & Multarum gentium adversus unam coitio. 



COARSE, a. I. Not fine ; crassus 4 coarse thread; 
cnissum Slum. Coarse cloth; tela crassa. II. Not 
refined, unpolished; inurbanus ; rusticus ; agrestis ; ille- 
pidus ; rudis. III. Mean, vile; vilis ; nullius pretti. 

COARSELY, ad. Inurbane ; incondite ; ineleganter ; 
illepide ; invenuste. 

COARSENESS, s. I. (Of substance) ; crassitude. 
II. (Of manners) ; rusticitas; rustici mores ; Cic. ; 

COAST, s. Litus, oris, n ; oramaritima. Of or be- 
longing to the coast; litoralis ; litoreus. The inha- 
bitants of that coast; gentes quae mare illud adjacent. 

To COAST, v. n. Litus radere, premere, stringere, or 
legere; oram legere. Coasting vessels; orariae naves, 
Plin. ; naves ad navigationem litoralem aptatae. 

COASTER, s. Navarchus litorum peritus. 

COASTING, s. Secundum litus navigatio. 

COAT. 5. I. An upper garment ; tunica Wear- 
ing a coat ; tunicatus To turn coat ; ab aliquo de- 

ticere, or desciscere. Cic. A coat of mail; lorica hamis 
conserta, Virg. II. The covering of an animal; pilus, 
villus, i, m. ; setae, arum, pi., Cic. That has a coat; 
setosus ; villosus. 

To COAT. v. a. i.'e. To cover's rem re tegere, vestire, 
contegere, cooperire. To coat with marble ; parietibus 
crustas marmoris inducere, Vitr. ; parietes marmore in- 
ducere, Sen. ; parietes crustare, Plin. 

To COAX. v. n. Aliquem blanditiis, or blando ser- 
mone, delinire, Cic.; alicui blandiri, palpari, suppalpari, 
blande palpari, Plaut. ; alicujus animo adrepere, Tac. ; 
alicui blanditias dicere, Ov. 

COAXER. s. Palpator, Plaut. ; palpo, onis, m., Pers. 

COAXING, s. Blanditiae, arum, pi. ; blandimentum. 

COB. s. Homo probe peculiatus, Cic. 

To COBBLE, v. a. I. To mend shoes ; calceis solum 
coriaceum, or fulmenta, subjicere, or suppingere, Plaut. 
M. To do or make any thing clumsily ; opus crasse 
et illepide facere. Cobbled work ; opus invenustum et 
illepidum, Catull. ; opus crasse et illepide compositum, 

COBBLER. 5. Sutor veteramentarius, Suet. ; cerdo, 
onis, m., Mart. 

COBIRON. s. Fulcimentum ligni in camino. 

COBWEB, s. Araneac tela, textum, or opus, Plaut.; 
aranea, ae, f. ; aranea, orum, pi. ; Catull. ; aranei tenuia 
fila. Suet. Full of cobwebs ; plenus aranearum, Ca- 
tull. Like a cobweb; araneosus. To remove cobwebs; 
aranearum opera dejicere, Plaut. ; aranea tollere, Phasdr. 

COCHINEAL, s. Coccinilla, ae, f. 

COCHLEARY or CocHLEATED. . In "spiram convolu- 
tus, or ductus. 

COCK. s. I. The male to the lien ; gallus, Cic. ; 
gallus gallinaceus, Plaut.; gallinaceus, Plin. A Tur- 
key-cock; gallus Indicus; gallopavo A heath-cock; 
gallus silvestris. To be cock-a-hoop ; triumphare ; gau- 
dio, or laetitia, exsultare ; supcrbire. A story of a cock 
and a bull; sermo qui nee caput nee pedes habet, Cic. 
To tell a story of a cock and a bull ; aliena loqui, 
Ov A cock's comb; crista galli. II. A weather- 
cock; bractea versatilis ; bracteola venti index. III. 
A spout to let out water at will : epistomium, Varr 
The key of a cock; papilla, ae, f., Varr. IV. The 
notch of an arrow ; crena, as, f. ; incisura, se, f. V. 
The part of the lock of a gun that strikes with the flint ; 
momentum; elater, eris, m. ; spira, as, f. VI. A 
leader ; dux; magister ; caput; coryphaeus. VII. A 
heap of hay ; fceni meta, Col. To put hay into cock; 
fceni metas facere, Col. ; foenum in metas exstruere. 
VIII. The form of a hat; forma, 32, f., or fulcrum, pilei. 
I'X. The style of a dial ; acus horarum index ; gno- 
mon, onis, m., Plin. ; Umbrae indagator ; sciatheras, ae, 
m., Vitr. X. The needle of a balance ; examen, inis, 
n. ; aequamentum ; libramentum ; aequilibrium ; Plin. 
XI. The male of any small bird; mas, maris, m. ; 

To COCK. v. n. i.e. To strut ; superbe, or arroganter, 

To COCK. v.a. I. To set erect; erigere; relevare. 
II. To put hay into cocks ; fceni metas facere, Col. ; 
foenum iu metas exstruere. III. To cock a gun\ 
tendere ; intendere. 

COCKADE. 5. Vitta nodo adstricta. 

COCKATRICE, s. Basilicus, I, m., Plin. 

COCKBOAT, s. Scapha; lembus ; acutium. 

COCKCHAFER, s. Scarabaeus stridulus, Plin. 

COCKCROWING. s. Cantus (us) galli; (gallicinium, 

To COCKER, v. a. Molliter, or mollius, habere ; de- 
licatum habere ; indulgere. 

COCKERING, s. Indulgentia ; blanditiae, arum, pi. ; 
inepta lenitas. 

COCKHORSE, a. Exsultans ; triumphans ; ovans ; lae- 
titia elatus. 

COCKLE, s. I. A small testaceous fish ; pectunculus, 
Plin. Cockle-shell; pectunculi concha, or testa. II. 
A weed growing amongst corn ; lolium ; a?ra, 3D, f. 

To COCKLE, v. n. Replicari in rugas, Plin. 

COCKLOFT, s. Proxima tegulis contignatio. 

COCKSWAIN, s. Navis gubernator, or rector. 

COCOA-NUT, s. Amygdala theombroma Cocoa-tree ,- 
theombroma, ae, f. 

COD or COD-FISH, s. Asellus ; capito, onis, m. 

COD. s. i. e. A husk ; siliqua, as, f., Plin. ; valvulus, i, 
m., Col. 

To CODDLE, v. a. Incoquere aqua ferventi, Plaut. ; 
incoquere cum^aqua, Col. ; fervefacere. 

CODE. s. Codex, icis, m. 

CODICIL, s. Codicilli, orum, pi. 

COEQUAL, a. JEqualis ; (coaequalis, Petron.). 

To COERCE, v. a. Aliquem in officio continere ; ali- 
qiiem coercere, or cohibere ; alicui fraenos inhibere ; 
Cic. ; coercitionem inhibere, Ltv. 

COERCION, s. Illata vis, Cic. ; coercitio, Liv. ; coer- 
cendi vis. 

COERCIVE, a. Qui jus aut vim habet coercendi. 

COESSENTIAL. a. Ejusdem naturas, or essentiae. 

COETANEOUS or COEVAL, a. Ejusdem aetatis ; aequalis. 

COEXISTENT, a. Ejusdem aevi. 

COFFEE, s. Cafaeum, i, n. ; faba Arabica Boiled 
coffee; Cafaeus liquor. A coffee-house; cafaea taberna. 
A coffee-pot ; cucuma coquendo cafseo idonea A coffee- 
tree ; coffea Arabica, Linn. 

COFFER, s. Area; capsa. A little coffer; arcula; 

capsula A coffer for money ; theca nummaria, Cic 

The king's coffers ; aararium regium. 

COFFIN, s. Capulum, or capulus, funebris, Plaut. ; ca- 
pulus, Ov. ; sandapila, ae, f., Mart. ; Juv. ; feretrum ; 
loculus ; Plin. To carry a coffin; feretro subire, 

To COFFIN, v. a. Mortuum loculo condere, Plin. ; 
mortuum capulo funebri includere. 

To COG. v. a. and n. See To FLATTER. To cog the 
dice; tesseras adulterare. 

COG (of a wheel), s. Rotas dens. 

COGENCY, s. Vis ; pondus, eris, n. ; momentum, 

COGENT, a. Qui vim habet ; qui valet, &c. ; efficax ; 
urgens ; validus. 

COGENTLY, ad. Efficienter, Cic. ; efficaciter, Plin. 

To COGITATE, v. n. Cogitare ; rem meditari ; consi- 
derare secum in animo ; rem, or de re, cogitare ; rem in 
animo habere ; rem secum, or cum animo, volvere. 

COGITATION. 5. Cogitatio; mentis actio; Cic. See 

COGNATION, s. Cognatio, Cic. 

COGNITION. <s. Cognitio ; notio ; notitia ; Cic. 

COGNIZANCE, s. I. Judicial notice; cognitio. To 
take cognizance of a thing ; de re cognoscere, Cic. This 
does not fall under my cognizance ; non vertitur ea res 
in meo foro, Plaut. To give the cognizance of a matter 
to any one ; tei cognitionem alicui dare, Cic To take 
it away ; rem alicujus cognitipne subtrahere, Plin. 
II. A badge ; insigne, is, n. ; signum ; indicium. 

COGNOMINAL. 0. Ejusdem nominis. 

COGNOSCIBLE. . Qui (quas, quod) cognosci, nosci, or 
agnosci, potest ; cognoscendus. 

To COHABIT, v. n. Una, or in eodem loco, habitare ; 
(cohabitare, Augustin.). 

COHEIR or COHEIRESS, s. Cohaeres, edis, c., Cic. 

To COHERE, v. n. I. To stick together ; cohaerere; 
rei, cum re, or inter se, cohaarere ; inter se cohasrescere ; 
Cic. II. To agree; convenire ; congruere ; conci- 
nere; Cic. 

COHERENCE. 5. I. Connexion; cohaerentia. II. 
Texture of a discourse; connexio, Cic. ; connexus, 113, 
Quint. ; conjunctio ; contextus, us. There is no cohe- 
rence in the discourse; sermo non cohaeret; membra 
illius orationis inter se non cohasrent, or connexa, sunt ; 

COHERENT, a. I. Sticking fast together ; cohasrens. 
II. Consistent; qui sibi constat ; qui cohaeret; cujus 
partes sunt inter se aptae et connexae. 

COHESION, s. I. The act of sticking together ; cohas- 
rentia. II. Connexion, dependence ; rerum connexio ; 
conjugatio ; colligatio ; coagmentatio ; Cic. 

COHESIVE, a. Qui cohaerere potest ; qui .inter se co- 
luerere possunt. 

COHORT, s. Cohors, ortis, f., Liv. 

COIF. s. Capitis tegmen, or integumentum ; calantica, 
se, f., Cic. ; reticulum, Juv. 

To COIL. v.a. In orbes glomerare. 

COIL. 5. Spira, ae, f. ; funis orbiculatus. 

COIN. s. 1. A piece of money ; nummus, 'i, m., 
Cic. ; nummus forma publica percussus, Sen. ; moneta, 
ae, f., Mart. Coppercom; aes signatum. Silver coin ; 
argentum signatum. II. Money; nummi, orum, pi. 
Gold coin ; nummi aurei. Good coin; nummi bom, 

or probi, Cic Base coin ; nummi adulteri, Cic Old 

coin, not current; moneta nullius commercii. Light 
coin; moneta cui nonnihil e pondere subtraction! est, 
Plin To pay in the same coin; par pari referre. 

To COIN. v.a. I. To stamp metals for money ; num- 
mos cudere ; monetam signare, ferire, procudere. 
Coined silver ; argentum" factum atque signatum. II. 
To invent i procudere ; fingere ; novare. 


I. The act of coining money ; nummo- 

II. Money; minimi, orura, pi.; mo- 

rum signatio. 
neta, as, f. 

To COINCIDE, v.n. (Of persons); consentire : (of 
things); concurrere. 

COINCIDENCE, s. I. A meeting together; concursus, 
us; concursio. II. An accident, hap ; res casu obvia. 

By a lucky ' coincidence ; forte fortuna ; opportune ; 
feliciter ; auspicate By an unlucky coincidence ; infe- 
liciter; importune; incommode. 

COINCIDENT, a. Consentaneus ; consonus ; conveniens. 

COINER. s. I. A minter > signator nummorum ; qui 

nummos cudit ; (monetarius, Jul. Firm.) A false 

coiner ; signator nummorum adulterinorum ; qui cudit 
adulterinos nummos. II. An inventor; repertor; in- 
ventor ; excogitator : (in a bad sense) ; machinator ; fa- 
bricator; artifex A coiner of words; verborum opi- 
fex, Cic. 

COITION, s. Coitio ; concursus, us ; concursio. 

COLANDER, s. Colum, i, n. 

COLATION. s. Colatura, ae, f. 

COLD, at I. The contrary of hot ; frignlus ; algidug. 

Cold (as ice) ; gelidus. Very cold ; perfrigidus ; 
praegelidus To grow cold; frigescere ; refrigescere 
To be cold ; frigere. To be very cold ; algere. It is 
cold; frigus est It is so cold, that ; tantum est frigus, 
ut (with a conjunctive). II. Unconcerned, indifferent ; 

frigidus ; tranquillus ; placidus ; sedatus With a cold 

air; gelide, Hor. ; fastidiose. With cold blood; corde 
sedato ; sedatis animis ; sedate. 

COLD. s. I. The contrary of heat; frigus, oris, n. 

Intense cold ; algor. Piercing cold ; frigus penetra- 
ble, Virg. Moderate cold; frigus remissius, Cic. To 
shiver with cold; frigutire, Plaut. ; horrere To be 
stiff with cold; frigore obrigescere, Cic To protect one's 
self from the cold; munire se a frigore, Cic. II. A 
disease caused by cold ; gravedo, inis, f., Cic. ; epiphora, 
ze, f. ; thoracis distillatio ; Plin. ; (rheuma, atis, n., 
Veget.). To .have a cold ; tusses concoquere, Plin 
Suffering from a cold ; rheumaticus, Plin To catch 
cold; gravedinem contrahere, Plin. Liable to catch 
cold; gravedinosus To give cold; alicui gravedinem 
afferre, or inducere. 

COLDISH, a. Frigidulus. 

COLDLY, ad. Frigide ; cum frigore To receive one 
coldly ; parum amice aliquem excipere ; frigide aliquem 

COLDNESS, s. Frigus, oris, n A great coldness has 
arisen between them ; refrixit inter eos amor mutuus 
To evince a coldness towards any one ; minus benevolum 
erga aliquem animum prae so ferre. 

COLIC, s. Intestini, or intestini plenioris, morbus, 
Cels. ; colmn, i, n., Plin. Bilious colic; cholerica tor- 
mina, Plin. To be afflicted with the colic ; ex intestino 
pleniori laborare, Cels. ; torminibus affici, Plin. Sub- 
ject to the colic ; colicus, Plin. 

COLLAR, s. I. That part of the dress which sur- 
rounds the neck; colli amictus, us The collar of a 
doublet ; assutum thoraci colli tegmen To take one by 
the collar ; see To COLLAR. II. A ring of metal put 
round the neck; torques, is, m. ; monile, is, n., Cic.; 
(collare, is, n., Varr.). Wearing a collar; torquatus ; 

torque ornatus A dog's collar; millus, i, m., Varr.; 

collare clavis praefixum, or munitum A dog with a 

collar ; canis armillatus To slip one's neck out of the 
collar ; e negotio se extrahere ; e turbis se evolvere, Ter. ; 
laqueis se explicarel; sese de re expedire ; Cic. II. A 
ring of iron for criminals ; collaria, as, f., Plaut. ; fer- 
reum collare, Varr To fasten with a collar ; aliquem 
ferreo collari ad palum astringere. 

To COLLAR, v. a. In cpllum alicujus invadere ; alicui 
raanus injicere; Cic. ; injectis collo manibus, or com- 
plexu, cum aliquo luctari ; collum obtorquere, Plaut., or 
torquere, Liv. 

To COLLATE, v. a. I. To compare one thing with 
another of the same kind; rem cum altera, or alteri, com- 
ponere, or comparare ; rem rei, cum re, or res inter se 
duas, conferre ; Cic. To collate books or editions with 
the original ; scripti fidem ad archetypi rationem expen- 
dere ; exscripta exempla ad archetypum recognoscere. 
II. To place in a benefice; jus ecclesiastic! beneficii 
in aliquem conferre. 

COLLATERAL, a. I. Parallel; parallelus, Plin. II. 
( In genealogy)-; A collateral line ; transversus cognatio- 
nis ordo. A relative in the collateral line ; transverse gra- 
du cogyationis alicui junctus. III. Not direct ; obliquus, 
Cic. ; mdirectus, Quint. IV. Concurrent, agreeing; 
consentiens ; conveniens ; congruens ; sfrnilis ; par. 

COLLATION, s. I. Comparison of one thing with an- 
other ; collatio. II. The bestowing of a benefice ; legi- 
tima beneficii largitio. III. A repast ; merenda, 33, f., 

COLLATOR, s. I. One that compares ; qui rem cum 
re confert, &c. II. One that bestows a benefice ; legi- 
timus ecclesiastic! beneficii largitor. 

COLLEAGUE, s. Collega, ac, m. To choose a col- 
league ; collegam sibi cooptare, Suet. 


To COLLECT, v. a. I. To gather together ; colligere ; 
congerere; cogere; Cic.; recolligere, Col. To collect 
the votes ; sententias perrogare, Liv To collect them- 
selves, i. e. to assemble ; coire ; cougregari ; in unum 
cogi ; Cic. To collect into a heap; accumulare; acer- 
vare ; coacervare ; Cic To collect troops ; copias 
cogere, or colligere, Cic. To collect all one's forces; 
vires in unum conferre, Liv To collect money ; num- 
mos cogere, Ter To collect tax-money; evocationes, 
or coactiones, argentarias factitare, Suet. II. To infer 
as a consequence ; aliquid ex alio concludere, or inferre, 

Cic To collect falsely ; vitiose concludere, Quint To 

collect fairly ; bene cplligere, Cic. Hence we may 
collect; ex his concluditur, infertur, colligere est; Cic. 
III. To collect one's self ; revocare mentem a sen- 
sibus ; at) externis rebus animum et cogitationem avocare ; 
Cic. : (after a panic) ; se ex timore colligere, Ca;s. ; ani- 
mum ex pavore remitfere, Liv. 

COLLECT, s. i. e. A sort of prayer i oratio. (Collecta, 
32, f., in ecclesiastical writers.) 

COLLECTION, s. I. The act of gathering ; collectio. 
II. An assemblage; acervus ; coacervatio ; congeries ; 
strues. A collection of writings, extracts, fyc. ; col- 
lectanea, orum, pi., Suet. ; excerpta, orum, pi. ; excerp- 
tiones, um, pi. ; Cell. To make such a collection ; 

silvam rerum et sententiarum componere, Cic To 

make a collection of choice passages ; ex variis ingeniis 
excellentissima quaaque libare, Cic. III. A contribu- 
tion of money i collecta, ae, f., Cic. ; Varr. ; pecuniarum 
exactio, Cic. 

COLLECTIVE, a. Collectivus, Quint. ; Sen. 

COLLECTIVELY, ad. I. In a collective sense; col- 
lective sensu. II. All together; conglobatim, Liv. 

COLLECTOR. . I. One who gathers together ; qui 
colligit, in unum cogit, &c. II. A tax-gatherer ; tribu- 
torum coactor To be a collector ; evocationes, or co- 
actiones, argentarias factitare, Suet. 

COLLEGE, s. I. A community of persons ; collegium; 
socii ; societas ; sodalitium. II. A public place in which 
learning is taught; gymnasium, Cic. ; scholar, arum, pi., 
Quint. ; ludus literarius, Plin. Ep To go to, or be at, 
college ; scholas frequentare, or obire. 

COLLEGIAN, s. Qui scholas frequentat, or obit. 

COLLEGIATE, a. Collegio adscriptus. 

COLLIER, s. Carbonarius, i, m. 

COLLIERY. a. Fodina carbonaria. 

To COLLIQUATE. v. a. Colliquefacerc. 

COLLISION. *. Collisus, us, Plin. ; (collisio, Justin.). 

To COLLOCATE, v. a. Rem in loco ponere; locare ; 

COLLOP. *. Offula, a, f., Mart. ; ofella, ae, f., Col. 

COLLOQUY. *. Colloquium, Cic. They have a long 
colloquy ; diu colloquuntur. 

To COLLUDE, v. a. Colludere, et praevaricari ; cum 
adversario colludere ; causa? suae praeyaricari ^ Cic. 

COLLUSION, s. Collusio; praevaricatio ; Cic One 
that practises collusion ; praevaricator, Cic. ; (collusor r 
Ulp.) Lest he should discover our collusion ; ne sen- 
tiat nos inter nos congruere, Ter. 

COLLUSIVE, a. Collusorie confectus. 

COLLUSIVELY. ad. Collusorie, Pand. 

COLLYRIUM. s. Collyrium, i, n., Hor. 

COLON, s. Colon, or colum, i, n. 

COLONEL. *. Legionis tribunus ; chiliarchus, Nep. 
A colonel of horse ; equitum praafectus. 

COLONIAL, a. Colonus, Cic. ; colonicus, Suet. 

To COLONIZE, v. a. Coloniam in loco constituere, 

COLONNADE. *. Peristylum ; peristylium ; Cic. 

COLONY, s. I. People drawn from a mother country 
to inhabit some distant place ; colonia ; coloni, orum, pi. ; 
Cic To lead out new colonies ; novas colonias educere, 
Cic. To found a colony in a place ; coloniam in loco* 
constituere, Cic. II. The country planted ; colonia. 

COLOQUINTIDA. s. Colocynthis, idis, f., Plin. 

COLORATE. a. Coloratus, Cels. 

COLOSSAL or COLOSSEAN. a. Colosseus; colossicus ; 

COLOSSUS. *. Colossus, i, m., Plin. 

COLOUR. *. I. Hue, dye, tint; color, oris, m A 
bright or lively colour ; color acntus. A weak colour ; 

color languescens, languidus, evanidus, dilutior, Plin 

A.faded colour ; color evanescens Of one colour ; uni- 

color Of two colours ; bicolor. Of several colours ; 

multicolor Of different colours ; varius, Ter. ; versi- 
color; discolor, Cic A dress of different colours; 
variis ooloribus intexta vestis, Cic. Of the same colour 
with another thing ; concolor That has lost its colour; 
decolor, Plin. ; decoloratus, Cic. To give a colour ; colo- 
rare ; rei colorem inducere. To take a colour; colorari ; 
coloratum effiei ; Cic. ; colorem ducere, Virg., or sumere, 
Ov. : (of dyed stuffs) ; colorem bibere., Plin., or recipere, 
Quint. To take away a colour ; colorem eluere. 
To regain a colour ; ad colorem reduci To preserve 
its colour ; colorem servare To change colour; mi- 
grare in alium colorem To lose its colour; colorem 
perdere. II. A paint ; pigmentum. A colourman ; 


pigmentarius A picture in water-colours; pictura 
coloribus aqua dilutis expressa. III. Complexion ; ori 
color , or simply, color A natural colour ; color verus 
Ter.,ornativus, Plin. Artificial colour; color factitius 

orcompositus.Plin. ; Vitr., or fucoillitus A high colour > 

color floridus, or diffusus sanguine Swarthy or brown 
colour ; color adustior. His colour changes ; non con- 
stat ei color et vultus, Liv. ; color non manet ei, Virg. 
Changeableness of colour ; incertus vultus, us, Cic. 
IV. Pretext, pretence ; color ; species, ei, f. ; praetextus 
us, Cic. Under colour of; specie ; per speciem. 
Under the colour of friendship ; per speciem, or Simula- 
tionem, amicitiae, Cic.; praetento amicitiae simulacro 
Plin. Ep To give a colour to his fault ; nomine culpam 
praetexere, Virg. V. COLOURS, pi., i.e. Standard, en- 
sign of war, prop, and fig.;, signa j signa militaria 
vexilla. To repair to the colours ; ad vexillum con- 
currere; ad signa convenire, or se aggregare ; Caes. 
To run away from one's colours ; a castris, or a signis 

discedere, Cic. ; ad hostes transfugere, Plaut In the 

figurative sense, denoting Side, party, Sfc., the word may 
be rendered literally, signa, or, dropping the metaphor 
partes, ium, pi. ; factio ; causa. VI. COLOURS, pi., i. e 
Character ; mores, pi. ; ingenium ; natura ; indoles. 

To COLOUR, v. a. I. To mark with some hue ; colo- 
rare, Cic. ; rei colorem inducere, Plin. ; rem colore im 
buere, or inficere ; tingere. To colour the hair ; ca- 
pillnm denigrare, or nigro colore inficere, Plin. To 
colour (a print, map, <^c.) ; imaginem colorare, Cic., 
coloribus illustrare ; imagini colores inducere, Plin. 
II. To cover with a pretext, disguise; rei specie obtegere, 
Cic. alicui rei speciem obtendere, Plin. Ep., or praatex- 
cre, Virg. 

To COLOUR, v. n. I. To take a colour; colorarf, 
<Jic. ; colorem ducere, Virg The grapes begin to 
colour; uves colorem ducunt, Virg. II. To blush; 
erubescere, Cic. ; rubere, Ov To colour at or on ac- 
count of any thing; erubescere rem, in re, Cic., rei, 
Curt., or re, Sen. ?ee To BLUSH. 
COLOURABLE, a. Verisimilis ; speciosus. 
COLOURING, s. I. Result of the use of colours in a 

picture ; colorum ratio, nexus, us, or harmoge, Plin 

This picture has no colouring ; huic tabella? pigmenta, or 
hujus tabellas lineamentis flos et color, desunt, Cic. 
II. The act of imparting colours; tinctura ; tinctus, fts. 
III. The art of imparting colours; tinctura; tin- 
gendi ars ; ^baphice. IV. Colouring matter; liquor 
tinctilis, Ov. ; infector succus, Plin. V. Fig. (in 
rhetoric) ; Ornament ; rhetorics colores, Cic.; orationis 
pigmenta, pi. 

COLOURIST. s. Colores apte nectendi peritus artifex. 
COLT. 5. I. A young horse; equulus, Cic. ; pullus 
equinus, Quint. ; pullus equa?, Lucr. II. A young 
ass ; asellus, Ov. ; pullus asini ; pullus asininus, 
Varr A young wild ass; lalisio, onis, m., Mart.; 
onagri pullus. III. A rash blockhead ; praeceps animi, 
Tac. ; mconsultus ; inconsideratus ; inconsiderans ; Cic. 
COLTSFOOT- s. Tussilago, inis, f., Plin. 
COLTER, s. (With husbandmen) ; aratH culter, Plin. ; 
dentale, is,n., Virg. 

COLUMBARY. s. i. e. A pigeon-house ; columbarium, 
Varr. ; columbaria, 33, f., Col. 
COLUMN, s. I. A cylindrical pillar ; columna, Cic. 

A small column ; columella A wreathed column ; 
columna tortilis. A chamfered column ; columna striata. 

The shaft of a column ; scaphus ; truncus ; Vitr. The 
capital; capitulum, Vitr The diminution of a column; 
columnar contractura, Vitr. The space between co- 
lumns ; intercolumnium, Varr A place surrounded 
by columns; peristylium, Varr. Supported by co- 
lumns ; columnatus, Varr. II. A long file of troops; 
agmen, inis, n. The army marched in three columns ; 
in tria agmina divisus iter faciebat exercitus. 

COMB. s. I. An instrument to adjust the hair ; 
pecten, inis, m. In the form of a comb; pectinatim, 
Varr A curry-comb ; strigilis, is, f. II. The crest 
of a cock ; crista, ae, f.', Plin. A litue comb ; cristula, 
Col Having a comb ; cristatus, Plin. III. The stay 
or reed of a weaver's loom ; pecten ; tectoris pecten. 
IV. An instrument used in carding ; pecten; hamus 
ferreus. V. A valley ; convallis, is, f. ; vallis, is, f. 

To COMB. v. a. Capillos pectere; crines pectine de- 

ducere, Ov. ; (pectinare, Apul.) To comb wool; 

pectere ; carminare. To comb flax or hemp ; pectere. 

To comb a horse ; equum strigili defricare, or distrin- 
gere Combed; pexus ; pectitus ; depexus, Tibull. ; 
propexus, Propert.: (of wool); pexus; pectitus; car- 

COMB-MAKER, s. Pectinum opifex. 

To COMBAT, v. n. Certare ; decertare ; pugnare; de- 
pugnare. See To FIGHT. 

To COMBAT, v. a. (In argument) ; rationibus oppug- 
nare ; contra aliquem contendere ; contra opinionem ra- 
tione pugnare ; Cic. To combat a disease; conflictari 
cum malo, Ter. ; luctari morbo, Sil. Ital. To combat 

/iungt-r ; sustentare famem, Caes To combat the winds; 

vcjitis obniti, Lucr., obluctari, Virg., resistere, Ov. To 


combat one? s passions; cupiditates frengere, Cic.; respon- 
sare cupidinibus, Hor. 

COMBAT, s. Pugna ; certamen, inis, n A single 

combat ; certamen singulare ; certainen duorum inter 
se. See FIGHT. 

COMBATANT, s. Pugnator ; certator ; Cell. 
COMBINATION, s. I. Commixture; rerum inter se 
copulatio, Cic Combination of letters ; literarum con- 
textus, us, Quint Combination of two different sub- 
stances, the union of which produces a new substance 
rerum natura discrepantium intima permistio. II. A 
league, association ; societas ; sociale fcedus : usually, iri 
a bad sense ; conjuratio ;.conspiratio ; scelerata consensio ; 

To COMBINE, v. a. Jungere ; conjungere ; copulare ; 
colligare To combine different substances; diversa 

To COMBINE, v. ., I. To join, coalesce ; inter se 
jungi copularique ; con jungi ; Cic. II. To plot to- 
gether ; conspirare ; conjurare ; conjurationem facere ; 
Cic. (Against any one) ; in, or contra, aliquem. 
COMBING-CLOTH. s. Linteum humerale. 
COMBUSTIBLE, a. Celeriter ignem comprehendens, 
Caes. ; concipiendo et alendoigni aptus, Curt Combus- 
tibles ; arida ignis alimenta, Virg. 

COMBUSTION, s. 1. Burning ; ustio ; incendium ; 
incensio ; deflagratio: conflagratio ; (combustio, Firmic. ; 
combustura, Apic.).' II. Tumult, disorder; rerum 
perturbatio, Cic. ; res turbidae To be in a combustion ; 
ardere, Cic. ; atrocissime agitari, Sail. 
To COME. v. n. I. To arrive ; venire. I am come; 
eni ; adsum To come first; antevenire To come 
before; praevenire To come after; postvenire To 
come a little after ; subsequi To come behind; a tergo 
sequi. To come between; intervenire. To come 
quickly ; advolare. To come in time ; venire tempori, 
Plaut., in tempore, Ter., tempore, commode, opportune, 
Cic In very good time; peropportune, Cic To be 
coming and going ; u'tro citroque cursare, Cic., or com- 
meare, Liv. N.B. 1. To come from a place; e loco 
enire, or proficisci, Cic He is come from Africa ; ad- 
est ex Africa, Cic. He is come from the army ; venit ab 
exercitu, Plaut. To come from any one ; venire ab ali- 
quo, Cic Whence do you come f unde te agis ? Ter. ; 
unde tu? I come from fishing; redeo piscatu. 2. To 
come to a place ; aliquo, or in locum, venire, or se con- 
erre; ad venire. To come to an assembly ; venire in 

concionem They came in crowds to the tribunal; ad 

;ribunal concurritur. Come hither; hue gressus move, 
or flecte ; accurre hue ; adsis ; adesto ; hue iter dirige ; 
Ter. 3. To come to a person; ad aliquem venire, or 
re ; aliquem, or ad aliquem, adire ; ad aliquem accedere. 

Come to me! ehodum ad me ! Ter. ; adesdum ! He 
's come ; adest ; praesto est. 4. To cause to came ; ali- 
quem, or rem, accersere, or arcessere ; aliquem accire, 
or advocare. II. To happen, come to pass ; fieri ; eve- 
nire; accidere ; incidere ; cadere, Cic. III. To be- 
come ; fieri; evadere. IV. To come about; fieri; 

evenire To come again; see To RETURN. To come 

after; see To FOLLOW To come along; ire; p*o- 
cedere ; ad aliquem venire. To come at or by ; see To 
OBTAIN, REACH. To come away ; abire ; abscedere ; 
discedere. To come back ; see To RETURN To come 
down; see To DESCEND. To come forth; exire in 
Dublicum ; in solem procedere, Ter. ; in lucem prodire, 
venire, &c. ; see To APPEAR. To come forward; see 
To ADVANCE To come for warden learning) ; proce- 
dere ; proficere; progredi; progressus facere ; Cic To 

come in; see To ENTER, ARRIVE, COMPLY To come 
'n one's way ; obviam se dare To come in to ; see To 

JOIN To come in 'for ; see To PARTAKE. To come 

'nto ; incidere ; delabi To come into danger ; 'adire 
discrimen To come into trouble; molestiis implicari. 

To come into the world ; in vitam, or in lucem, venire, 
>r introire ; nasci. To come-into use or fashion ; abire 
n morem ; in consuetudinem venire, or exire To 
*,omc near ; see To APPROACH. To-come next ; see To 

FOLLOW To come of; see To PROCEED. Come of 

a gnod family) ; see DESCENDED. To come off; see 

To DEVIATE, ESCAPE, FALL. To come off conqueror ; 
victoriam referre, adipisci, consequi, or ab hoste repor- 

are To come- on; see To ADVANCE, THRIVE. To 

ome over ; see To CHANGE, PASS. To come out ; see 
To APPEAR. To come out of the water ; emergere. 
To come out (as a book when it is published) ; edi ; in 

ucem emitti. He comes out with such or such sayings ; 

lelabitur interdum ut dicat, Cic. To come short; see 
To FAIL, LOSE. To come to; see To COST, YIELD. 

To come to one's self, or to one's senses ; see To RE- 
COVER To come to pass ; see To HAPPEN. To come 

o an end; see To END, FINISH, DIE To come to 
a certain state or condition) ; pervenire. To come to 
he crown; regnum adipisci. To come to life, ; see To 
IKVIVE To come to an agreement, or to terms; see 

To AGREE, AGREEMENT. To come to a conclusion; 

ee To CONCLUDE To come to light; in lucem pro- 

erri It comes to the same; eodem redit. It conies 



to nothing ; in nihilum recidit, Cio. To come to hand ; 
in manus incidere, Cic To come to one's ears ; aures 
alicujus contingere, Juv To come short ; re excidere ; 
alicui cedere To come together; see To ASSEMBLE, 
MEET To come up (as plants) ; venire, Virg. ; nasci ; 
exire ; provenire ; erumpere To come up to; see To 

AMOUNT To come up with; see To OVERTAKE To 


To come upon for payment ; pecuniam ex aliquo exi- 

To COME. ad. -= The time to come; futurum tempus. 

Generations to come ; posteri, orum, pi Things to 
come ; futura, n. pi. For the time to come ; in poste- 
rum ; m reliquum tempus ; in futurum ; dehinc. 

COMEDIAN, s. I. A stage-player; comcedus ; mi- 
mus, Cic.; actor scenicus, Sen.; mima, ae, f. II. 
A writer of comedies ; poeta comicus ; or simply, comi- 
cus, i, m. 

COMEDY, s. Comcedia. Of or belonging to a co- 
medy ; comicus. To act a comedy ; comcediam agere. 

COMELINESS, s. I. Beauty, grace ; species ; decor ; 
forma ; formositas ; pulchritudo : (of a man) ; dignitas : 
(of a woman) ; venustas. II. Decency; honestas ; de- 
corum ; decentia ; condecentia ; Cic. 

COMELY, a. I. Handsome ; formosus ; pulcher; 
decorus ; speciosus ; egregia forma ; insignis forma. 
II. Decent; decens ; decorus; honestus ; conveniens. 

COMER, s. Qui (quae) venit. 

COMET, s. Cometes, or cometa, ae, n., Cic. 

To COMFIT, v. a. Melle, saccharo, condire ; com- 

COMFITURES. s. pi. Poma saccharo aut melle condita. 

To COMFORT, v. at I. To console ; aliquem solari, 
consplari, solatio levare, consolatione lenire ; alicui con- 
solationem aflerre, solatia dare, dolorem abstergere ; Cic. 

I cannot be comforted; vincit omnem consolationem 
dolor meus ; luctus meus nullo solatio levari potest ; 
Cic. II. To rejoice, gladden; aliquem wblectare ; 
alicui esse oblectationi, laetitiam dare, or oblectationem 
afferre To comfort the heart; aniraum voluptate com- 
plere, or gaudio cumulare, Cic. 

COMFORT, s. Consolatio; solatium. A slight com- 
fort ; consolatio tenuis ; solatiolum ; Cic. 

COMFORTABLE, s. I. Consoling; consolatorius, Cic. 

To speak comfortable words ; ea dicere quae levare 
luctum possint, Cic. II. Convenient, agreeable; corn- 
modus ; aptus ; jucundus ; suavis. 

COMFORTABLY, ad. Commode ; jucunde ; festive ; 

COMFORTER, s. Consolator, Cic. ; consolans ; qui 
(qiue) consolationem affert, or adhibet. 

COMFORTLESS, a. Molestus; injucundus ; gravis ; 
acerbus; ingratus. 

COMIC, a. I. Relating to comedy ; comicus. II. 
Pleasant ; facetus ; lepidus. 

COMICALLY, ad. I. In a manner befitting comedy ; 
comcedice, Plaut.; cornice, Cic. ; mimice, Catull. II. 
With pleasantry ; facete ; ridicule; Cic. 

COMING, s. Adventus, us; accessus, us; Cic. 

COMING, a. Futurus ; posterior. 


COMMA.*- (In grammar).; virgula, a?, f. 

To COMMAND. v. a. I. To order, give orders ; rem 
alicui imperare, praescribere, or praacipere ; jubere rem 
fieri. To command imperiously ; dura imperia exer- 
cere, Virg / command you to speak ; jubeo te loqui, 
or ut loquaris. II. To have the command of any thing. 

To command an army ; exercitui praeesse. To com- 
mand one's passions ; cupiditatibus imperare, Cic., re- 
sponsare, Hor The citadel commands the town; arx 
urbi imminet, Cic., or insidet;arci urbs subjacet An 
eminence which* commands the plain ; e planitie collis 
editus, Caes To command one's self ; sibi imperare. 

That can command himself; sui, or animi, compos 
That cannot command himself ; animi impos, or im- 
potens. III. To have supreme authority ; esse cum 
imperio ; summam rerum administrare ; Cic. ; summae 
rei prgeesse, Liv. 

COMMAND, s. 1. The right of commanding ; impe- 
rium ; jus, juris ; potestas To give any one a full 
command; alicui summum imperium potestatemque 
omnium rerum committere, Nep To have a full com- 
mand; omnia in potentate habere To have command 
over any one; imperium in aliquem habere, Ter., or 
tenere, Cic. ; jus potestatemque alicui imperandi ha- 
bere, Cic To be in command ; esse cum imperio (not, 
esse in imperio ; which means, to fill one of the offices of 
state). To be in command of an army or a province ; 

exercitui, provincise, praeesse ; see To COMMAND, II 

To give any one the command of the army; aliquem exer- 
citui praeficere, Cic To take away the command ; im- 
perium alicui abrogare, Cic To prolong the command 
for a year ; imperium in annum propagare To be 
under command; esse sub imperio. Chief command ; 
eummum imperium. To have command of one's self ; 
see To COMMAND, II. II. Order ; juss'um; jussus, 
us ; praeceptum ; mandatum ; imperium Without 

my command; injussu Tineo To obey or execute com- 
mands ; imperia exsequi, Ter. ; imperata facere, Caes. ; 
jussa peragere, Virg. That has received a command to 
do any thing ; jussus (facere) When he had received 
express command ; cum ei praescriptum esset, Cic. III. 
The thing commanded; quod jussum, imperatum, est ; 
imperatum, or jussu susceptum, opus. IV. At com- 
mand ; ad arbitrium ; pro arbitrio He has words at 

command; comprehensio verborum est in illius potes- 
tate, Cic Tears are at command ; jussae prosiliunt la- 
crymae, Mart. 

COMMANDED, a. and part. I. That has received 
orders ; jussus (To do any thing) ; facere. II. Or- 
dered; jussus ; imperatus. To do what is commanded ; 
imperata facere, Caes. III. Inferior ; inferior; subja- 
cens A plain commanded by an eminence ; summissa 
fastigio planities, Liv. 

COMMANDER, s. I. A chief, general; praefectus, i, 
m. ; qui copiisvel urbi prseest. II. A paving beetle; 
fistuca, Vitr. ; pavicula, Col . 

To COMMEMORATE, v. a. Rem, or de re, commemo- 
rare ; rei, or de re, mentionem habere ; Cic. 

COMMEMORATION, s. Commemoratio ; mentip ; Cic. 

COMMEMORATIVE, a. Quod ad rerum memoriam ani- 
mos revocat, Cic. 

To COMMENCE, v. a. Rem incipere, occipere ; in- 
choare ; ordiri ; exordiri To commence critic ; gibi 
censoris munus arrogare. To commence author ; gibi 
nomen auctoris vindicare. See To BEGIN. 

COMMENCED, a. and part. ceptus ; inchoatus ; orsug ; 
initus ; Cic. 

COMMENCEMENT. *. Principium ; initium ; orsug, vis. 

To COMMEND, v. a. I. To praise; laudare ; col- 
laudare ; laude afficere ; laudibus ornare, efferre ; lau- 
dem alicui tribuere ; Cic To commend greatly ; lau- 
dibus cumulare, tollere ; magnifice laudare ; summis 
laudibus ornare ; summam alicui laudem tribuere 
To commend one for any thing ; rem alicui laudi dare ; 
see To PRAISE. II. To recommend, commit ,- alicui 
rem demandare, or commendare. 

COMMENDABLE, a. (Of persons); laudabilis ; laudan- 
dus ; laude dignus : (of things) ; gloriosus ; praedicandus : 
prsdicabilis ; Cic. 

COMMENDATION, s. Laus, dis, f. ; laudatio; pra- 

re, consentaneus ; rei respondens et consentiens ; accom- 
modatus ; par A punishment commensurate to the 
crime ; pcena par noxae, Cic. To ordain a punishment 
commensurate to a crime; pcenarn pro magnitudine 
delicti statuere, Tac. 


gruenter ; apte ; servata proportione ; accommodate 
ad ; pro. 

To COMMENT, v. n. Verba scriptoris explanare, or 
interpretari ; scriptorem explanare, or explioare ; scrip- 
toris libros commentariis illustrare ; Cell To com- 
ment unfavourably upon the sayings or actions of any 
one ; dicta factave in pejorem partem trahere. 

COMMENT or COMMENTARY, s. Annotations, urn, f. 
pi. ; commentarius, i, m. ; Cell To write a comment- 
ary ; in auctorem commentari, Plin. ; scriptoris libros 
commentariis illustrare, Cic An unfavourable com- 
ment upon one's behaviour, fyc.f dictorum factorumve 
malevola interpretatio. 

COMMENTATOR. s. Scriptoris interpres, Cic. 

COMMERCE, s. I. Traffic; mercatura, Plaut. ; 

commercium, Cic To carry on commerce; negotiari ; 

mercaturam facere, Cic. ; mercaturas facere, Plaut. ; 
commercium exercere. II. Intercourse of society ; 
commercium; usus, us; consuetude / will have no 
commerce with you ; tuas tibi res habe, Plaut. I have 
no commerce with him ; nullum habeo cum illo com- 
mercium ; mihi commercium nullius rei eum illo est ; 

To COMMERCE, v. n. Consuetudinem cum aliquo 
habere ; aliquo uti. 

COMMERCIAL, ad. Ad mercaturam, or commercium, 
pertinens. A commercial man ; negotiator. A com- 
mercial city ; urbs negotiandi studio addicta, Cic. 

COMMINATION. s. Comminatio ; minatio. 

COMMINATORY. a. Comminationem adjunctam ha- 

To COMMINGLE, v. a. Rem rei, re, cum re, miscere, 
Plin. ; rem cum alia commiscere ; rem rei admiscere, 

To COMMINUTE, v. a. Conterere ; in pulverem re- 
digere, or extenuare, Plin., or resplvere, Col. 

To COMMISERATE. v. a. Alicujus tnisereri ; alicujus 
miseriis commoveri ; in aliquem misericordem esse. 
To commiserate one 's misfortunes ; alterius fortunam 
miserari ; alterius in fortunis misericordiam adhibere. 

COMMISERATION, s. Miseratio ; commiseratio ; mise- 
ricordia; Cic. See COMPASSION. 

COMMISSARY, s. I. An officer made occasionally ^ 
recuperator ; lectus judex causae cognitor. II. A mtr- 



litary officer; curator. A commissary of provisions , 
annonae militaris praefectus. 

COMMISSION, s. I. A trust, a warrant for a place 
employment; mandatum; munus. eris, n. ; provincia: 
procuration ^rregotium; cura; opera. To give a com- 
mission; alicui de re mandata dare, dare negotium, re: 
curam delegare To undertake a commission ; provin- 
ciam suscipere, Cic. ; rei curam suscipere To fuTJil a 
commission; mandata persequi, exsequi, efficere, con- 
ficere; mandatis satisfacere. II. A warrant by which 
a military officer is appointed ; rescriptum, Tac. ; re- 
scripti libellus, Plin. Ep. III. An order in commerce ; 
delegata emendi aut vendendi alterius nomine copia 
One who buys and sells on commission ; institor. IV. 
Act of committing a crime; patratio ; (commissio, Ar- 
nob. ; perpetratio, Tert.). V. A number of people 
joined in a trust ; negotio praafecti, or proposlti ; quibus 
rei provincia demandata est. VI. Extraordinary juris- 
diction for deciding a case ; deleganda judicandi potestas. 
To send on such commission ; aliquem judicem mittere. 
To be employed in such commission; delegatam judi- 
candi potestatem exercere. 

To COMMISSION, v. a. Vicarias alicujus partes alteri 
mandare ; aliquem negotio pneficere, Cic. ; 'alicui potes- 
tatem, or facultatem, dare. 

COMMISSIONER, s. Negotio praefectus, or praepositus ; 
cui rei provincia demandata est. 
COMMISSURE, s. Commissura, Cic. 
To COMMIT, v.a. I. To give in trust; alicui rem 
mandare, commendare, committere, mandatum, or ne- 
gotium, de re dare; aliquem negotio praeficere; Cic.; 
rem curae alicujus demandare, Liv To commit to me- 
mory ; memoriae mandare ; memoria comprehendare, or 
complecti ; Cic. To commit to writing; scriptis man- 
dare ; scribere ; litoris committere, Cic To commit a 
matter to God; Deo permittere. II. To expose; in 
discrimen dare, or adducere. III. To imprison; man- 
dare vinculis ; in carcerem, or in vincula, conjicere; in 
custodiam dare ; custodian tradere. IV. To perpetrate 
(a crime) ; scelus committere ; scelere se astringere ; 
fadnus admittere ; Cic. ; facinus consciscere, patrare, 
perpetrare, Liv. 
COMMITMENT, s. In carcerem conjectio. 

COMMITTEE, s. Consessus, us; conventus, us A 

committee is held; habetur conventus. 
COMMIXTURE. *. Permistio ; admistio. 
COMMODIOUS, a. Commodus ; aptus ; accommodatus, 
or opportunus, with a dative, or with ad and an accu- 
sative A very commodious house ; domus ad habitan- 
dum percommoda. 

COMMODIOUSLY. ad. Commode ; facile ; expedite. 
COMMODITY, s. I. Convenience ; commodum ; com- 
moditas ; opportunitas. II. Profit, advantage; com- 
modum ; lucrum ; emolumentum ; quaestus, us ; utilitas. 
III. Wares merx, mercis, f. Commodities, pi.; 
merces, pi. 

COMMON, a. I. Belonging to more than one; com- 
munis. This is common to all; hoc convenit in omnes. 

Common sense ; commune judicium, Cic.; communis 
hominum sensus, Cic., or intellectus, us, Quint All 
things are common among friends ; amicorum sunt 
ornnia communia ; est inter amicos rerum omnium com- 
munitas ; Cic They have a common purse ; quaestum 
in commune conferunt That is common to me and 
you ; id commune mihi vobiscum est, Cic. This matter 
has nothing in common ivith; hoc nihil habet conjunc- 
tuin cum, Cic Common danger unites them ; hos so- 
cietas pericli conjungit, Curt. Common-places (in rhe- 
toric) ; loci rhetorici. Common-place arguments ; trita 
argumenta A common-place book; collectanea, n. pi., 
Suet.; excerpta, n. pi., Cell. II. (In grammar) ; Of 
more genders than one ; epiccenus, Quint. III. Pub- 
lic, general ; vulgatus ; vulgaris; publicus; pervagatus. 

Common rumour ; fama ; sermo pervagatus, or dis- 

leminatus dispersusque ; Cic It is a matter of common 

report; res est pervagata et vulgaris; illud omnium 
sermone percrebuit A common council ; civitatis com- 
mune consilium A common sewer ; cloaca ; purgamen- 
torum urbis receptaculum, Liv. ; eluvies, Plin Common 
law; usus, us; consuetudo. IV. Frequent, usual; 
usitatus ; quotidianus ; Cic. No common man ; non 
unus de multis, Cic., e populo, Sep., e vulgo, Quint. 
Above the common ; singularis ; eximius. V. Vulgar, 
mean, trivial ; vulgaris ; tritus. // is a common saying ; 
trituin est sermone, or vetustate, proverbium. The 
common people ; plebs, bis, f. ; plebes, is, f.; vulgus, i, n. 
(Obs. Plebs is usually employed in a political, vulgus in 
a moral, sense.) Of or belonging to the common people ; 
ptabeius A common soldier; miles gregarius. VI. 
Not scarce ; parabilis ; obvius et expositus. VII. In 
common. To do any thing in common ; rem com- 

Tmniter agere. To place in common ; in commime 
omnia conferre, Cic. ; quaesita in medium reponere, 
Virg._To have in common: re promiscue uti, Cic.; 
na in promiscuo habere, "Plin To live in com- 
mon; inter se rerum omnium communione jungi ; 

vita? ac victus communitatem ac societatem habere ; 

COMMON, s. Ager publicus ; ager compascuus ; Cic. 
COMMONALTY, s. Plebs, bis ; plebes, is, f. ; vulgus, i, 
n. ; multitude. 
COMMONER. 5. Plebeius. 
COMMONS, I. The lower people; plebeiorum 

ordo ; ordo plebeius ; see COMMONALTY House of 

Commons ; in Anglicis comitiis plebeius ordo. II. 
Fare; victus, us ; cibus; consuetus familiae victus. 

COMMONLY, ad. Persaepe ; fere ; ut plurimum ; vulgo ; 
plerumque. It is commonly revorted or said; vulgo 
dicitur ; dici solet. 

COMMOTION. 5. I. Tumult ,- commotio ; tumultus, 
us ; Cic. ; tumultuatio, Liv. To make or raise a com- 
motion, fumultuari, Cic.; tumultum facere, Sail. To 

throw the state into commotion; rempublicam miscere, 
Cic. ; res novare, Liv. ; res novas in republica moliri, 
Suet To appease or allay a commotion ; tumultum 
sedare, or comprimere, Tac The author of a com- 
motion; tumultus concitator, Liv With great com- 
motion; pertumultuose, Cic. II. Perturbation of 
mind; mentis agitatio; animi commotio ; Cic. III. 
Disturbance, restlessness ; agitatio, Cic Commotion of 
the sea ; motus et agitatio fluctuum ; jactatio maris ; 
Cic. To throw into commotion ; agitare ; miscere ; 

To COMMUNE, v. n. Cum aliquo confabulari, Plaut. ; 
communi sermonis oonsuetudine uti, Caes. 

COMMUNICANT, s. (A church term) ; qui (quae) ad 
sacram menfiam accedit. 

To COMMUNICATE, v. a. I. To bestow ; rem alicui, 
or cum aliquo, communicare, Caes. ; Cic. ; participem rei 
facere, Cic. II. To reveal, disclose; patefacere ; re- 
tegere ; prodere ; enuntiare palam ; in hicem proffer re. 
To communicate one's designs to another ; alicui con- 
silii facere copiam ; aliquem ad consilium admittere ; se 
alicui patefacere ; Cic. 

To COMMUNICATE, v. n. I. To partake of trie Lord's 

supper; ad sacras mensas, or epulas, accedere Of age 

to communicate ; divnuemensae maturus ; cui per aetatem 
ad sacras dapes accedere fas est. II. To have inter- 
course ; cum aliquo commercium habere. To commu- 
nicate with the enemy ; cum hoste coire, Cic. ; cum hoste 
consilia conferre, Liv. III. (Of places); To have a 
communication ; habere pervium usum. 

COMMUNICATION, s. I. Conference, conversation; 
colloquium ; collocutio ; congressus, us. II. Inter- 
course, commerce; societas; commercium; usus, us; 
consuetude ; consociatio ; Cic To have, or hold, friendly 
communication with ; cum aliquo consuetudinem et fa- 
miliaritatem jungere, Cic. Iwillhaveno communication 
with him ; nolo rem habere cum illo, Varr. ; nolo cum 
ilo usum ullius rei consociare, Phaedr The pestilence 
has cut off all communication ; pestis omnem hominum 
societatem dirimit, or humanam consociationem dis- 

COMMUNICATIVE, a. Qui sui libenter copiam facit, 
Cic.; apertus ; ingenuus ; candidus. Not communicative ; 
ad alios tectus, Cic. ; sui obtegens, Tac. 

COMMUNION. *. I. Intercourse ; see COMMUNICATION, 
[I. II. Participation of the Lord's supper ; cceleste 
epulum To administer the communion; aliquem sacris 
epulis adhibere. To receive the communion ; ad sacras 
;pulas, or mensas, accedere. Frequent communion; 
frequens divinae mensa? usus, us. 

COMMUNITY, s. I. The body politic ; civitas ; ho- 
Tiinum congregatio ; or, consociatio atque communitas, 
Cic. II. Common possession ^community of goods; 
bonorum communio, or communitas, Ulp.) ; rerum om- 
lium promiscuus usus, us. 

COMMUTATION, s. I. Change ; mutatio ; permutatio. 
II. Exchange; commutatio ; permutatio. 

To COMMUTE, v.a. Rem in aliam mutare, commu- 
tare, or permutare; rem cum alia commutate, or per- 

COMPACT, s. Pactum ; pactio ; fcedus, eris, n. ; con- 
ventus, us; conventum To make a compact ; ad pac- 
tionem venire, or accedere, Cic. 

COMPACT, a. Densus ; spissus. 

To COMPACT, v.a. Coagmentare ; colligare; conjun- 
gere ; jungere. 

COMPACTNESS, s. Densitas ; compactio ; Cic. 

COMPACTLY, ad. Dense ; spisse. 

COMPANION, s. Socius ; comes. A companion on a 

urney ; comes: (on a voyage); convector: (in war); 
:ommilito : (at school) ; condiscipulus : (at table); con- 
victor; compransor: (at play); collusor, Sen.: (in 
office); collega, 32, m. '..(in service); conservus, Cic. : 
in fortune) ; fortunae socius ac particeps, Cic. : (in 
abour) ; laborum censors, Cic. To take to one's setf 
companions; sibi socios adsciscere. Not to admit as a 
companion; comitem abnegare. A good companion (a 
alse expression, denoting a man of pleasure) ; qui se 
otum jucunditati dat. A female companion; comes, 
tis, f., Cic. A boon companion; festivus, jocosus. A 


bottle-companion ; combibo, onis, m. ; compotor, oris, 
m., Cic. 

COMPANIONABLE, a. Commodus ; commodis moribus ; 
Cic. Not companionable ; omnibus insociabilis, Liv.; 
morosus ac difflcilis, Hor. ; societatis impatiens, 

COMPANIONSHIP, s. Consuetude ; societas. 

COMPANY, s. I. Persons assembled together; COEN 

tus; conventus, us; grex He sees much company; 

magna ad eum confluit hominum frequentia ; hominum 
frequentia domus ejus celebratur ; Cic To shun com- 
pany ; congressus hominum fugere Ida not like much 

company ; celebritas mihi odio est. To frequent bad 
company ; consuetudine improborum uti ; malorum in 
consuetudinem se dare ; cum improbis societatem inire ; 
Cic. To renounce bad company; ab improbis demi- 
grare. II. Persons assembled fffr conversation; cir- 

culus To frequent such compantks; circulos consectari. 

III. Persona united for the performance of any 
thing; societas ; ordo ; corpus, oris, n. A company in 
trade ; societas ; consociatio. To admit into the com- 
pany ; aliquem sibi sociare, or socium adjungere. A 
company of foot soldiers; manipulus. By companies ; 
manipulating Soldiers of a company ; commanipulares, 
Tac. A banqueting company ; sodalitas ; sodalitium. 
A company of actors ; grex, Plaut.; Ter. IV. A 
body of attendants or companions ; alicujus comites, um, 
pi. ; comitatus, us. To bear or keep company ; aliquem 
conTitari. To be in company with ; una, or simul, ire. 
To join company with; alicui se comitem praebere, or 
conjungere, Cic. To desert a company ; comitatum de- 
serere ; ab aliquo disceder e. 

COMPARABLE, a. Comparabilis ; comparandus, or con- 
ferendus, alteri, or cum altero ; assimulandus ; Cic. 

COMPARATIVE, a. I. By comparison, relative ; com- 
paratus j comparativus ; Cic. ; si conferatur cum altero ; 
in comparatione alterius, Flor. II. Having the power 
of comparing ; qui rem cum alio confert ; qui com- 
parationem instituit. III. (In grammar) ; The compa- 
rative degree ; comparativus gradus, Quint. 

COMPARATIVELY, ad. Comparate, Cic. 

To COMPARE, v. a. I. To examine the relative na- 
ture of several thihgs ; unum cum alio componere ; unum 
alteri, or cum altero,. comparare, or conferre. To com- 
pare notes together ; de re conferre, communicare, con- 
silium inire. II. To liken, equal; aliquem alteri, or 
cum altero, aequiparare ; aliquid alicui rei assimilare ; 
Cic. To compare one's setf with another ; sequare se 
cum altero, Varr. 

COMPARISON, s. I. Act vf comparing ; comparatio; 
contentio ; colhrtio^ Cic To make or draw a compari- 
son ; aliorum cum aliis contentionem facere, Cic One 
may make a comparison between those two things ; potest 
incidere de duobus istis comparatio, Cic. This maff 
enter into comparison with; hoc est comparabile cum, 
Cic. Beyond or without comparison; longe, Cic. 
In comparison with ; prae ; ad ; in comparatione alte- 
rius, Flor. ; si conferatur cum altero You are happy, 
in comparison with myself ; prae nobis beatus es, Cic. 
The earth is but a point in comparison with the heavens ; 
terra ad universi cceli complexum quasi puncti instar ob- 
tinet, Cic. By comparison ; comparate, Cic. II. A 
similitude; similitudo, Cic. 

COMPARTMENT, s. Figurarum apta et accommodata 
dimensio ; ordo ; area. To range or dispose into com- 
partments ; describere; ordines dimetiri atque descri- 
bere ; in areas describere ; areis distinguere. 

COMPASS, s. I. Round, circuit; ambitus, us, Cic. ; 
circuitus, us, Plin. ; circuitio, Vitr. II. Space, reach; 

amplitude j latitude ^ longitude ; spatium ; Cic Of 

great compass; magmtudine amplissimus, Cic. A voice 
of no compass ; angusta vox, Juv. Compass of mind; 
ingenii amplitude, or magnitude, Cic. III. Limits; 
fines, ium, pi. ; termini, orum, pi. To keep within com- 
pass ; modum tenere. To draw into a narrow compass ; 
contrahere, Cic. ; breviare ; in summarium redigere ; ad 
compendium conferre, Quint. Within the compass of a 
year ; intra annum To speak within compass ; ne quid 
verbis exaggerem, Cic. 

To COMPASS, v.a. I. To surround; rem re cir- 
cumdare, cingere; ambjre, Cic To compass round 
about; amplecti. II. To go round; ambire; circum- 
ire; obire. III. To attain; assequi; consequi To 
compass by force ; vi perficere. To compass by en- 
treaty ; exorare ; impetrare To compass one's ends ; 
propositum peragere, Nep., or assequi, Cic. IV. To 
contrive ; machinari ; struere. To compass the death of 
a person ; de interficiendo aliquo rationem, or consilium, 
inire ; necem alicui machinari ; ad aliquem interficiendum 
conspirare ; de aliquo interficiendo conjurare; Cic. 

COMPASS or COMPASSES, s. An instrument; circinus, 
i, m., Vitr Measured with the compass; circino cir- 
cumductus. Measuring with the compass ; circinatio, 

Vitr To round with the compass ; circinare, Plin. ; ad 

circinum rotundare, Vitr. ; circino in orbem describere. 

COMPASSION, s. Miseratio ; commiseratio ; misericor- 
dia; Cic Worthy of compassion; miserabilis ; miser- 

andus Unworthy of compassion; immiserabilis, Hor. 


Moved with compassion ; misericordia commotus, per- 
motus, Cic To be touched with compassion ; ad mise- 
ricordiam adduci, Cic. That has no compassion ; immi- 
sericors, Cic With compassion; miseranter, Cell 

Without compassion ; immisericorditer, Ter In a 

manner worthy of compassion ; miseranter ; miserandum 
in rnodum, Cic To seek to excite compassion ; miseri- 
cordiam captare, Cic. To excite compassion ; mentem 
miseratione permovere ; aliquem ad misericordiam alli- 
cere, inducere ; rnisericordiam alicui commoyere, Cic 
7b have compassion on any one ; alicujus misereri ; ali- 
cujus miseriis commoveri ; in aliquem misericordem esse ; 
Cic. I have compassion on you; miseret me tui, Cic 
To feel compassion for the misfortunes of another ; alte- 
rius fortunam misereri; alterius in fortunis misericor- 
diam adhibere, Cic, 


COMPASSIONATE, a. Ad misericordiam propensus ; 
v'vir) clemens et misericordia singulari, Cic To be 
compassionate j alterius dolore commoveri ; alterius vi- 
cem dolere, Cic. 

COMPASSIONATELY, ad. Miseranter. 

COMPATIBILITY, s. Convenientia ; non repugnantia. 

COMPATIBLE, a. Quod potest cum alio conciliari. 
These two things are not compatible ; haec duo simul con- 
sistere non possunt, or inter se repugnant These two 
offices are compatible ; hzec duo munera ab eodem exer- 
ceri possunt To be compatible; inter se cohaerere, con- 
ciliari, concordari, non repugnare; posse simul consis- 
tere, Cic. 

COMPATRIOT, s. Popularis ; civis; Ck. ; conterra- 
neus, Plin. 

COMPEER, s. Socius; compar. 

To COMPEL, v. a. Cogere aliquem rem facere, or ut 

faciat ; alicui vim inferre, Cic To compel to surrender; 

ad deditkmem subigere, Cic He has compelled me to 
speak ; mihi dicendi necessitas ab illo imposita est, Cic. 

COMPELLABLE. a. Cui necessitas rei aflerri, or imponi, 

COMPELLER. s. Coactor. 

COMPENDIOUS, a. Brevis ; contractus. 

COMPENDIOUSLY, ad. Breviter; paucis verbis; sum- 


COMPEND or COMPENDIUM. *. Epitome, es, f. ; epito- 
ma, 33, f . ; compendium, Sen He has given a compen- 
dium of the Roman history in ten books; Romanam his- 
torian! epitoma in decem libros circumscripsit. 

To COMPENSATE, v. a. Rem alia re recompensare, 
Cic., pensare, Curt. 

COMPENSATION. *. Compensatio, Cic. 

COMPETENCY, s. Quod satis est. 

COMPETENT, a. I. Adequate ; idoneus ; congruens. 

II. Consistent with > debitus ; quod pertinet ad. 
Til. Allowable bylaw ; legitimus // is competent to; 
pertinet ad. 

COMPETENTLY, ad. Satis ; convenienter ; congruen- 

COMPETITION, s Rivalitas, Cic. ; aemulatio, Nep. 

COMPETITOR, s. Competitor ; fern, competitrix, Cic. 

There, are several competitors ; plures obeunt compe- 
titores, Cic. 

COMPILATION, s. Collectanea, orum, n. pi. ; excerp- 
tiones, um, f. pi., Gell. ; excerpta, orum, n. pi. 

To COMPILE, v. a. Compilare, Hor. ; e variis aucto- 
fibus excerpta colligere. 

COMPILER. *. Eclogarius, Cic. j qui ex variis aucto- 
ribus excerpta colligit. 

COMPLACENCE, COMPLACENCY, s. Delectatio ; oblec- 
tatio ; oblectamentum ; voluptas. 

To COMPLAIN, v. n. Dolere ; mcerere ; gemere ; queri ; 
Cic. j- gemitus edere, Ov. To suffer without complain- 
ing ; suppressum dolorem tegere, Lucr. ; mutum dolo- 
rem premere, Stat To complain of any one ; de aliquo 
queri, Cic To complain of one to another ; apud ali- 
quem de altero querimoniam, or querelas, habere, Cic. 
To complain of a thing; rem, or de re, queri, Cic. ; ob 
rem, or de re, conqueri, Cic. To complain of one's con- 
dition ; se miseran, Plaut To complain of his bad for- 
une ; adversam fortunam conqueri, Cic There is some 
reason to complain of this hoc nonnullam habet que- 
relam, Ck. 

COMPLAINANT, s. ( In law) ; vindiciarum petitor. 

COMPLAINER. s. Qui dolet, &c. 

COMPLAINT, s. I. Representation of pains ; querela ; 
querimonia ; conquestio ; expostulate ; Cic. To carry 
or make one's complaint ; querelas ad aliquem deferre ; 
alicui de re queri Not to receive complaints ; dolen- 
tium querelas excludere, Plin. Ep. II. Lamentation ; 
gemitus, us ; lamenta, orum, n. pi., Cic. ; quiritatio, Liv. 
III. (In law); querimonia; apud judicem expostu- 
latio f Cic. IV. A disease; morbus Cic.; malum, 

COMPLAISANCE, s. 'Indulgentia ; obsequentia ; obse- 
quium; Cic Mean complaisance ; assentatio. 

COMPLAISANT, a. Obsequiosus, Plaut. ; obsequens ; 
ndulgens ; officiosus et comis, Cic To be complaisant { 


avertere, conferre, Liv. ; Ter. III. To intrust; rem 
alicui committere, credere, concredere, Cic. IV. Ti 
accuse; culpam alicui assignare, Cic. ; crimine onerare 
Plin. ; testimonium in aliquem dicere, Quint. V. Tt 

attack; in hostem impetum facere, irruere, Cic T< 

charge in the rear; hostem a tergo adoriri, Cic. ; terg 
hostfum impugnare, Liv. VI. To burden, load 
onerare aliquem ; alicui onus imponere, Cic. To chargi 
a musket ; fistulam ferream pulvere sulphurate et plumbc 
instruere. To charge a cannon ; tormentum pulvere 
pyrio et globo munire. VII. To make a demand, 
poscere. VIII. To exhort; hortari, adhortari, co 
hortari, aliqnem ad aliquid, or aKquem ut aliquid faciat. 
CHARGE, s. I. Trust; depositum. A giving in 
charge; depositio. To give }'n charge ; rem apud ali- 
quem deponere, Cic. II. Command; munus, eris 
mandatum ; provincia To give charge ; alicui de re fa 
cienda mandatum, negotium, dare; earn provinciam dan 
ut rem faciat ; alicui imponere partes ; Cic. ; curam rei 
or rem alicujus curae, demandare, Liv. III. Commis- 
sion, office ; munus, eris, n. ; officium ; partes, iUm, f. pi 

It is your charge; tuum est officium, Ter. ; tuum est 
munus ; hoc tui muneris est ; tuae sunt partes ; Cic 
To resign a charge ; officio, munere, se abdicare. IV 

Accusation; criminatio ; crimen ; accusatio Charges, 

accusationis capita. V. Exhortation ; hortatio ; ad 
hortatio ; cohortatio]; exhortatio ; hortatus, us, m.; Cic. , 
hortamen, Liv. ; hortamentum, Sail. VI. Expense 
cost; sumptus, us,m. ; impensa, ae, f. ; Cic. VII. On- 
set, attack ; aggressio ; impressio ; impetus, us, m. ; Cic 

To make a charge ; impressionem, or impetum, in 
hostem facere, Cic. ; in hostem incurrere, Nep.; in hostes 
invehi, Caes To return to the charge; ad pugnam 
redire, Virg. ; praelium redintegrare, or renovare, Caes. ; 
pugnam iterare, Liv. VIII. Burden, load; onus.. 
Charge of a cannon ; pulveris sulphurati et globi modus 
ad tormentum explodendum. 

CHARGEABLE, a. Liable to be accused', accusabilis 
Cic. 4 qui accusari potest ; cui aliquid objici potest, &c. 

CHARGER, s. I. A large dish; lanx, Pers. ; catinus, 
Hor.; paropsis, idis, f., Juy. ; mazonomum, Hor.; ma 
zonomus, Varr. ; magis, idis. f., Plin. II. A war- 
horse j equus bellicus ; bellator equus, Virg. 

CHARILY, ad. Attente ; parce. 

CHARIOT, s. Carrus, i ; currus, us ; pilentum ; car- 
pentum ; plaustrum ; rheda ; carruca. A ivar-chariot ; 
essedum ; esseda. 

CHARIOTEER, s. Auriga, ae, m. ; rhedarius ; esse- 

CHARITABLE, a. Christiana charitate, or benevolentia, 
preeditus ; benevolus erga alterum, or alteri Charita- 
ble to the poor ; in pauperes beneficus, or benignus. 

CHARITABLY, ad. Benevole ; benigne ; munifice. 

CHARITY, s. I. Love; eharitas ; benevolentia ; amor. 
II. Liberality to the poor ; in pauperes beneficientia, 

CHARLATAN, s. Circumforaneus pharmacopeia, Cic. ; 
circulator, Cels. ; circulatorius, Curt. 

CHARLATANRY, s. Verborum praestigiae, Cic. ; ' ver- 
bosae strophae, Phaedr. 

CHARLES'S WAIN. s. Ursa, or Arctos, major. 

CHARM, s. I. Enchantment; cantio, Cic.; canta- 
men, Propert. ; incantamentum ; fascinum ; fascinatio ; 
Plin. II. Allurement; illecebra; lenocinium, Cic.; 
illectus, us, m., Plaut.; delinimentum, Tac. 

To CHARM, v. a. I. To enchant; fascinare, Virg. ; 
incantare, Plin To charm away pain or grief ; do- 
lorem lenire ; aegritudinem obtundere. II. To delight; 
demulcere ; permulcere ; illicere ; pellicere ; trahere. 

CHARMER, s. I. An enchanter; magus ; sagus ; fern, 
iga. II. One who delights; deliciae, arum, f. pi. 

CHARMING, a. Jucundus; jueundissimus; quo nihil 

jucundius. Charming beauty; eximia pulchritude 

A house in a charming situation ; domus in loco amce- 
nissimo sita. A man of charming manners ; homo 
omni lepore et venustate affluens, Cic. A charming 
pleasure; suavissima voluptas. 

CHARMINGLY, ad. Eximie ; pulchre ; bene. 

CHARNEL-KOUSE. s. Locus in quo ossa conduntur ; 
(ossuaria, x, f., Ulp.). 

CHART, s. Tabula geographica Nautical chart; 

tabula nautica. 

CHARTER, s. Diploma, atis, n. ; tabula ; charta. 

To CHARTER (a ship). v. a. Navim conducere, or 

CHARY, a. Consideratus ; prudens ; cautus. 

To CHASE, v. a. I. To hunt ; venari ; sectari; ca- 
nibus agitare; exagitare. II. To drive away; pellere; 
depellere ; expellere ; ejicere ; detrudere ; extrudere ; 
pic. III. To pursue (an enemy) ; fugientem hostem 
insequi, persequi, Cic. ; fugientibus instare, Curt. ; ter- 
gis, or in tcrgis, fugientium haerere, Tac. ; Curt. IV. 
To work in relievo; caelare auro, argento, Cic., in auro, 
Virg., aurum, Plin. 

CHASE. *. I. Hunting ; venatio; venatus, us, m. 
A dog of the chase ; canis venaticus Implements for 
the chase ; instrumentum venatorium. To go out to the 


chase; venatum ire. To live by the chase; vitam pro- 
pagare venatu ; ali venatu ; alimenta venatu expedire. 

II. Game hunted; venatio; venatus, us^praeda ve- 
ttatfca; ferina, sc. caro. III. Pursuit of an enemy : 
insectatio ; consectatio. To give chase ; see To CHASE, 
III. IV. Pursuit of something as desirable: inda- 
gatio ; inquisitio ; investigatio. 

CHASM, s. Cavum.; lacuna; rima. 

CHASTE, a. I. Virtuous, modest ; castus; pudicus- 
purus. II. Pure, correct (of style) ; accuratus ; emen- 
datus, Cic. ; castigatus, Hor. 

CHASTELY, ad. Caste ; pure. 

To CHASTEN or CHASTISE, v. a. Castigare ; pcena 
afficere ; in aliquem animadvertere. 

CHASTISEMENT, s. I. The act of chastising ; casti- 
gatio; animadversio Worthy of chastisement ; caoti- 
gabilis, Plaut.; animadvertendus, Ter. II. That which 
is suffered as punishment; pcena. 

CHASTISER. s. Castigator. 

CHASTITY, s. Castitas ; castimonia; pudicitia, Cic.; 
pudor, Virg. Inviolable chastity; impenetrabilis casti- 
tas, Tac To preserve one's chastity; caste vivere, Cic.; 
pudicitiam servare, Virg. 

To CHAT. v. n. Fabulari, Ter. ; cum aliquo familiares 
sermones conferre, Cic. 

CHAT. s. Sermo familiaris. 

CHATTELS, s. pi. Bona mobilia, Cic. ; res moventes, or 
mobiles, Liv. ; Ulp. 

To CHATTER, v. n. I. To make a noise as birds: 
garrire. II. To prate, talk idly; loquitari, Plaut.; 
garrire ; multum esse in loquendo, Cic. ; blaterare, Hor. 

III. To make a noise with the teeth ; dentibus cre- 

CHATTER or CHATTERING, s. I. The noise of birds; 
avium garritus, concentus. II. Idle talk ; garrulitas ; 
loquacitas ; loquendi profluentia, Cic. III. Noise made 
by the teeth ; dentium crepitus, us, m. 

CHATTERER, s. Garrulus, Ter. ; loquax, Cic. ; lo- 
cutuleius ; blatero, Cell. : fern., mulier garrula ; loquax ; 

locutula, Lucr A great chatterer; loquacissimus 

He is a great chatterer; huic nunquam verba deficiunt, 

To CHAW. v. a. Mandere ; dentibus conficere, Liv. ; 
commanducare, Plin. 

CHEAP, a. Vilis To sell cheap ; rem parvo pretio 

vendere, Cic. ; rem vili vendere, Mart Land is cheap ; 

jacent pretia praediorum, .Cic To be very cheap; vilis- 
sime constare, Cic. To make one's self too cheap; se 

To CHEAPEN, v. a. Licitari. 

CHEAPLY, ore?. Parvo pretio; vili. 

CHEAPNESS, s. Vilitas. 

To CHEAT, s. 1. To impose upon, deceive ; alicui 
imponere, fucum facere ; aliquem fallere, fucum facere, 

decipere, in errorem, or in captionem, inducere, Cic 

(In jest); aliquem lepide ludificari, or alicui illudere, 
Cic. II. To disappoint ; aliquem in re fraud are ; fal- 
lere ; frustrari ; exspectationem alicujus decipere. 
Ill To cheat one's self; se ipsum circumscribere, or in 
fraudem induere. 

CHEAT, g. I. A fraud; fraus. dis, f. ; dolus ; fal- 
lacia. II. A person guilty of fraud ; fraudulently ; 

vafer ; veterator ; fraudum artifex To play the cheat ; 

fallaciter, subdole, or veteratorie, agere, Cic. 

To CHECK, v. a. I. To repress, curb ; reprimere; 

comprimere ; coercere ; cohibere ; refrenare ; Cic To 

check one's self ; se tenere ; stare ; sistere ; consistere. 
To check impudence or boldness ; audaciam compri- 
mere ; petulantiam frangere ; Cic. To check one's ef- 
forts ; conatum refutare, Cic. ; impetum infrenare, Plin. 
To check murmurings ; linguam et sermonem retun- 
dere, Liv To check licentiousness ; licentiae frena in- 
icere, Hor. To check one's passions ; libidines refre- 
nare, or coercere, Cic. II. To chide ; aliquem objur- 
jare, or verbis castigare ; reprehendere. 

CHECK, s. I. Stop; obstaculum, Plaut.; impedi- 
nentum, Cic. To give a check to ; rei moras afferre, or 

mpedimentum infer re. II. Restraint; frenum To 

put a check upon; frena injicere ; frenare ; refrenare; 
reprimere; coercere. III. A reproof; clemens casti- 
gatio, Cic. ; reprehensio. IV. A counter-mark at a 
heatre, Sjc. ; altera scena? tessera. V. Loss, misfor- 
une (in war) ; detrimentum ; clades To receive a 
heck; detrimentum accipere. To receive a terrible 
heck; gravissimo fortunae vulnere premi, Cic. An 
army that has received a check; mutilatus exercitus, Cic. 
To CHECKER or CHEQUER, v. a. I. To variegate i 
rariare; vario colore, or variis coloribus, distinguere. 
II. To tesselate ; vermiculari ; vermiculatum opus 
acere ; tesselatum opus concinnare. 

CHECKERVVORK. 5. Vermiculatum, or tesselatum, 

CHECKERED. I. Tesselated; vermiculatus, Cic.; 

esselatus, Suet. II. Mingled; mistus. 

CHEEK, s. Gena; mala, ae, f. Large cheeks ; fluentes 
mccae, Cic. That has large cheeks ; bucculentus To 
r ive a blow on the cheeks ; alicui genam percutere. 


. To COMPUTE, v. a. Supputare ; rationcm putare ; 
riant. ; calculos subducere, Cic. ; calculum ponere, Ov. 

To compute the expense ; sumptus ad calculos vocare ; 
sumptuum rationem habere ; Cic. 

COMRADE, s. Socius : (in arms) ; commilito, onis, 
Cic. ; commiles, itis, Caes. 

To CON. v. n. i. e. To commit to memory} memorise 

To CONCATENATE, v. a. Nectere ; connectere ; facere 
ut alia ex aliis apta nexaque sint, Cic. 

CONCATENATION, s. Series ; continuatio; Cic Con- 
catenation of events ; eventorum consequentia, Cic 

Concatenation of secret causes; causarum latentium 
nexus, us, Curt. 

CONCAVE, a. Concavus, Cic. ; convexus, Virg. 

CONCAVITY, s. Convexa, orum, n. pi. ; convexitas, 
Plin. ; convexio, Cell. See CAVITY. 

To CONCEAL, v. a. I. To hide ; abdere ; occulere ; 
occultare j Cic. ; abscondero, Sen. II. To keep secret; 
celare. To conceal a thing from any one , celare aliquem 
de re, or rcm alicui, Ter. ; celare aliquid aliquem, Cic. 

He has concealed important matters from you , de 
maximis rebus ab illo celatus es, Cic. 

CONCEALABLE. . Quod celari potest. 
CONCEALMENT, s. I. The act of hiding ; occultatio. 

II. The state of being hid ; latebra To be in con. 

cealment; latitare; delitescere ; in occulto stare; Cic. 

In concealment ; latens ; latitans ; abditus ; Cic. 

To CONCEDE, v. n. Concedere ; tribuere et concedere, 
Cic. To concede the demand of any one ; alicujus pos- 
tulationi concedere, Cic., or postulatis annuere, Plin. 

CONCEIT, s. I. Conception, thought, understanding ; 
cpgitatio ; mentis actio, Cic. A witty conceit ; lepidum 
dictum Pretty conceits; sales, him ; facetiae, arum, f. 
pi. A conceit; informata animo species, Cic. II. 
Fancy ; excogitandi vis. Idle conceits ; ineptise. To 
indulge in idle conceits ; ad ineptias abire, Cic. 
III. Opinion; opinio ; existimatio ; judicium, Cic 
A fond conceit of one's setf; nimius sui suspectus, us, 
Sail. To have a great conceit of one's self ; sentire de 
se clare ac magnifice ; de se summam opinionem habere ; 
de se bene existimare, Cic. To be any thing in one's 

own conceit ; putare se esse aliquid, Plin Self-conceit ; 

nimia sui fiducia. To be out of conceit with ; fastidire ; 
satietate et fastidio alienari ab ; Cic. To put one out of 
conceit with a thing ; alicui fastidium et satietatem rei 
afferre, creare, or movere, Cic. ; abalienare aliquem, or 
voluntatem alicujus, ab aliquo, Cic. 


CONCEITED, a. I. Proud, vain ; superbus ; arro- 
gans ; gloriosus ; qui de se bene existimat, or clare ac 
magnifice sentit, Cic. ; qui putat se esse aliquid. To 
be conceited ; de se bene existimare, c. II. Opinion- 
ative ; opinipne imbutus. III. Affected, fantastical; 
nimis exquisitus ; studipsius accersitus ; Cic. ; in osten- 
tationem compositus, Liv.; affectatus, Quint. 


CONCEIVABLE, a. Quod animo comprehend!, concipi, 
or percipi, potest ; quod in intelligentiam cadit ; Cic. 

To CONCEIVE, v. a. and n. I. (As a mother) ; con- 
cipere ; conceptum facere. II. To form in the mind ; 
rem sibi cogitatione fingere, or depingere ; rem animo 
effingere ; fingere; Cic. I have conceived great hopes 
concerning him ; me complevit bona spe, Caes He has 
conceived great hopes ; spes magnas fovet animo He 
has conceived a great dislike of work ; laboris satietas 
eum cepit, Ter / have conceived a suspicion concern- 
ing him; incidit de illo sinistra opinio. To conoeive 
hatred anger against any one; odium in aliquem 
concipere; cum aliquo indignari, irasci. III. To plot, 
devise ; machinari; struere. IV. To understand ; in- 
telligere ; percipere, Cic. ; cogitatione, animo, com- 
plecti ; concipere ; comprehendere. 

To CONCENTRATE, v. a. Ad centrum compellere ; 
duas res in unum cogere. To concentrate one's affec- 
tions on one object ; aliquem unice amare, Cic. 

To CONCENTRATE, v. n. In unum veluti corpus coire ; 
coalescere ; or, cogi. 

altero est centrum. 

CONCEPTION, s. I. Act of conceiving ; conceptio ; 
conceptus, us; Cic. II. Faculty of comprehension ; 
mens ; intelligentia ; Cic. ; mentis acies. To have a 
quick conception ; celeriter arripere, Cic. To be slow 
of conception; tarde percipere, Cic He has a ready 
conception ; huic mens est acris et vigens ; est mente 

acerrima ; celeriter animo omnia cpmprehendit ; Cic 

He has a slow conception ; hebet illi mentis acies ; est 
obtusiore mentis acie. These things are great, beyond 
conception; tarn sunt magna, ut ea vix cujusquam mens 
aut cogitatio capere possit, Cic / have formed no con- 
ception of those things ; ea minus intellexi, Cic. III. 
Notion, idea; notio ; impressa in animo forma rerum ; 
Cic To give some conception of a thing; tradere rei 
notionem, Plin. 

To CONCERN, v. a. I. To belong to, interest, regard; 
ad aliquem, or ad rem, pertinere, or attinere ; rcm, ad 


rem, spectare That doet not concern me; id ad me 

non attinet, Cic This does not concern you at all; hoc 
te nihil contingit, Liv. He is careful and exact in all 
which concerns his duty ; omnes officii partes impigre 
ac strenue obit Concerned > ad quern res spec-tat, or 
attinet. It concerns me, thee, him; ad me, te, se, per- 
tinet, or spectat ; mea, tua, sua, interest, or refert. II. 
To disturb, trouble ; aliquem sollicitare, or in sollicitu- 
dinem adducere, Cic. ; molestiam, sollicitudinem, alicui 
creare, or afferre ; angere ; sollicitum habere To be 
concerned at; ex aliqua re ffigritudinem, or molestiam, 
suscipere ; propter aliquid zegritudine, molestia, or sol- 
licitudine, affici. III. To concern one's self (about a 
thing) ; in partem rei venire ; aliqua re moveri To 
concern one's self about a person or Ais interests; ali- 
cujus rationibus inservire ; ad rationei alicujus se adjun- 
gere ; alicui studere, Cic. 

CONCERN, CONCERNMENT. *. I. Affair ; res ; ne- 
gotium. II. Importance; momentum; pondus, eris, 

n Of great concern; magni momenti et ponderis 

Of trifling concern ; levis, or minimi, momenti. III. 
Care; cura ; animi attentip. IV. Uneasiness; solli- 
citudo ; cura ; angor ; anxietas. 

CONCERNING, prep. De ; circa ; super ; (with an abla- 

CONCERT, s. I. Symphony ; concentus, us ; harmo- 
nia, Cic. Instrumental concert ; symphonia, Cic. 
Vocal concert ; harmonia The pleasure of a concert ,- 

oblectatio ex temperata varietate sonorum, Cic To 

make a concert ; concentum efficere, Cic. II. Commu- 
nication of designs ; consensus, fts ; consensio ; con- 
cordia ; conspiratio ; Cic To act in concert with an- 
other in a design; cum aliquo ad rem conspirare; ad 
aliquid communem operam conferre. In concert; ex 
pacto ; compacto, Cic. ; composite, Ter. ; ex composite, 

To CONCERT, v. n. and a. I. To deliberate together ; 
cum aliquo de negotio deliberare, de re consultare, or 

consilia conferre, Cic To con cert respecting an answer ; 

consultare, deliberare, quid sit respondendum. II. To 
settle or agree upon together ; cum aliquo rem, or de re, 
constituere ; rei consilium sociare, conjungere. 

CONCESSION, s. Cpncessio ; concessus, us ; conces- 
sum ; res concessa, Cic. 

To CONCILIATE, v. a. I. To procure good will ; ali- 
cujus gratiam, or benevolentiam, sibi comparare, Cic. ; 
conciliare, Virg. II. To reconcile; amicos avcrsos 
componere, Hor. ; conciliare animos hominum, or alterum 
alteri, Cic. 

CONCILIATION, s. Conciliatio, Cic. 

CONCILIATOR.*. Conciliator, Varr. ; f., conciliatrix ; 
conciliatricula, Cic. 

CONCILIATORY, a. Ad conciliandum aptus. 

CONCISE, a. Concisus ; pressus ; brevis ; contractus ; 
Cic. To use a concise style ; concise ac presse dicere, 

CONCISELY, ad. Breviter ; paucis verbis. Very con- 
cisely; perbreviter ; peranguste, Cic. 

CONCISENESS, s. Brevitas. (Concisio is not used in 
this sense.) 

CONCLAMATION. s. Conclamatio, Caes. 

CONCLAVE, s. I. Assembly of the cardinals; sacer 
patrum purpuratorum consessus. II. Place where 
they assemble; conclave, is. III. Any close assembly f 
concilium sanctius, or secretius. 

To CONCLUDE, v. a. and n. I. To end, terminate ; 
concludere ; absolvere ; terminare ; finire ; rei finem 
facere, or imponere, Cic. To conclude a business f ne- 
gotium conficere, explicare, or expedire, Cic To con- 
clude (in speaking) ; veniamus aliquando ad clausulam, 
Cic. II. To determine, decide; statuere, or consti- 
tuere, Cic. To conclude upon any thing ; statuere, con- 
stituere, de re He had concluded not to be present ; 
statuerat et deliberaverat non adesse, Cic. III. To 
conclude by ratiocination ; aliquid ex alio concludere, or 
inferre, Cic To conclude falsely ; vitiose concludere, 

Quint. To conclude rightly; bene colligere, Cic 

Hence we conclude; ex his concluditur, infertur, colligere 
est Cic. 

CONCLUSION, s. I. Close ; negotii confectio ; rei 
exitus, us, Cic. Conclusion of a discourse ; conclusio ; 
peroratio ; clausula ; Cic Conclusion of a play ; tabula; 
peractio, Cic. II. Final decision ; propositum ; fixum 
consilium. (I) have come to the conclusion; fixum. et 
statutum est ; stabile, fixum, ratum et decretum est ; sic 
stat sententia; Cic. III. Collection from premisses ; 
conclusio; illatio. To draw a conclusion; aliquid ex 
re concludere. 

CONCLUSIVE, a. Ad pervincendum idoneus A con- 
clusive proof ; condusio ine$pugnabilis, Quint. 

To CONCOCT, v. a. I. To digest / coquere ; conco- 
quere ; Cic. II. To plot, contrive ; machinari ; struere. 

CONCOCTION, s. Ccctip. 

CONCOMITANT, a. Qui comitatur ; qui una sequitur. 

CONCOMITANTLY. ad. Una; simul. 

CONCORD, s. 1. Union ; concordia ; voluntatum 
consensio ; Cic With concord ; concorditer, Cic. 



Brothers who live in the greatest concord; fratres con- 
cordissimi, or animo conjunctissimi. To live in the 
greatest concord with another; cum altero concordissime 
vivere. To maintain concord { concordiam tueri, or 
conglutinare, Cic. To disturb concord ; concordiam 
disjungere ; consensum divellere, Cic. To establish 
concord ; rem ad concordiam adducere, Cic. II. 
Agreement; pactum ; pactio; conventum; Cic. III. 
Harmony; harmonia; concentus, us; concordia, Cic. 
IV. (hi grammar) ; verborum constructio, or struc- 
tura, Cic. ; convenientia. 

CONCORDANT, a. Concordans ; consentiens. 

CONCORDAT, s. Pactum, or pactio, de rebus ad eccle- 
siam pertinentibus. 

CONCOURSE, s. Concursus, us ; concursio ; Cic. 
There ts a great concourse ; undique concurritur, Cic. 
Concourse of atoms ; atomorum fortuita concursio, Cic. 

Concourse of vowels ; vocalium concursus, Cic. 

To CONCRETE, v. n. Inter se jungi copularique, Cic. ; 
coagmentari ; coalescere. 

CONCRETE, s. Massa; moles; permistio 

CONCRETE, a. Concretus, Mart. 

CONCRETION, s. Concretio ; permistio ; Cic. ; mistura. 

CONCUBINAGE, s. Concubinatus, us, Plaut.; pelli- 
catus, us, Cic. (with reference to the concubine of a mar- 
ried man). 

CONCUBINE, s. (Of a single man) ; concubina, se, f.: 
(of a married man) ; pellex, icis, f., Cic. 

CONCUPISCENCE, j. Effrenata libido, or cupiditas 
Concupiscence kindles the flames of every passion ; cor- 
poris racibus inflammari solemus ad omnes cupiditates, 

To CONCUR, v. n. I. To meet in one point; invicem 
occurrere ; utrinque obviam fieri. II. To join in one 
action ; ad rem cum alio concurrere, or conspirare, Cic. 

Every thing concurs toivards his advancement ; illius 
honori favent omnia. III. To concur with ; cum ali- 
quo consentire, or convenire. 

CONCURRENCE, s. i.e. Consent; consensus, us; con- 
sensio ; approbatio ; Cic. With my concurrence ; me 
aunuente, or approbante. 

CONCURRENT, s. Concurrens ; qui una fit, evenit. 

CONCURRENTLY, ad. Una ; simul ; conjuncte. 

CONCUSSION, s. Concussio ; concussus, us. 

To CONDEMN, v. a. I. To find guilty ; damnare ; 

condemnare To condemn to punishment ; damnare ad 

supplicium : (to banishment) ; exsilio : (to the galleys); 
ad triremes : (to death) ; capite; prmorte addicere, Cic. : 
( to perpetual imprisonment) ; in custodiam aaternam 
dare, Cic To condemn one's self to banishment ; exsi- 
lium sibi consciscere, Cic. II. To censure ; arguere ; 

culpare ; improbare ; reprehendere ; vituperare, Cic 

One cannot condemn that ; id effugit vituperationem, or 

abest a reprehensione, Cic To condemn one's self; 

erratum agnoscere, Cic. 

CONDEMNABLE. a. \. e. Blameworthy ; vituperabilis, 
Cic.; vituperandus, Auct. ad Her.; reprehensione dig- 
nus, Cic. 

CONDEMNATION. *. I. The act of condemning; dam- 

natio ; condernnatio. Condemnation to exile ; aquae et 

ignis interdictio, Cic. Sentence of condemnation ; dam- 

natorium judicium, Cic. : (of death); capitale judicium. 

II. Blame, censure ; vituperatio ; reprehensio. 

CONDEMNATORY, a. Damnatorius, Cic. 

CONDENSATION. 5. Densatio. 

To CONDENSE, v. . Densare, Virg.; addensare, Plin.; 
condensare, Col. ; spissare, Cels. ; cogere ; comprimere, 

To CONDENSE, v. n. Densari ; condensari, Varr. 

CONDENSED, part. a. Densus; densatus Condensed 
air ; concretus aiir, Cic. 

To CONDESCEND, v. n. I. To yield; alicui indul- 
gere ; morem gerere ; alienee voluntati obsequi, or con- 
cedere ; accommodare se ad alterius voluntatem ; alterum 
ad nostram voluntatem adducere. II. To vouchsafe ; 
dignari, with an infinitive or an ablative He did not 
condescend to speak to me ; me non dignum judicavit 
quem alloqueretur. He did not condescend to look at 
him ; ilium ne aspexit quidem ; or, ne aspectu quidem 
dignatus est. III. To humble one's self; se demittere ; 
superbiam ponere. 

CONDESCENSION, s. Obsequium ; indulgentia ; sui de- 

CONDESCENDING, a. part. Obsequens ; indulgens ; se 
demittens ; demissus. 

CONDIGN, a. Dignus ; meritus ; condignus, Plaut. 

CONDIMENT, s. Condimentum ; conditio ; Cic.; con- 
ditura, Sen Fig. ; additus rei lepos ; commendatio ; 

CONDISCIPLB. s. Condiscipulus, Cic. 

To CONDITE. v. a. Cibos condire, Cic. 

CONDITION, s. I. State ; conditio ; status, us ; for- 
tuna. II. Circumstances; conditio; status, us ; vitae 
genus ; iastitutum ; vitae institutum ; Cic. To be sa- 
tisfied or content with one's condition ; sua sorte con- 
tentum vivere, Ilor Every one ought to live accord- 
ing to his condition ; quisqiie so suo modulo ac pede 

metiri debet, Ilor. III. Rank; conditio; genus, 
eris, n. ; locus; Cic.; natales, ium, pi., Tac. IV. 
Stipulation ; conditio ; lex ; Cic. . To impose condi- 
tions ; alicui leges imponere, praescribere, statuere ; 
aliquem conditionibus adstringere, Cic. He has im- 
posed a hard condition on me ; duram mihi conditio- 
nem statuit, Cic. They have imposed that condition 

n him ; illi hanc conditionem ferunt, ut, Cic It is 

the part of the conqueror to propose conditions of peace, 
and of the vanquished to receive them ; ferre conditiones 
est victoris, accipere victi, Cic. To accept conditions ; 
conditiones accipere ; ad conditiones pactionesque ac- 
cedere, Cic. To reject conditions ; conditiones rejicere, 
respuere, repudiare, Cic. Not to observe conditions; 
pacta et promissa non servare, Cic To abide by con- 
ditions; conditionibus stare, Cic. On condition that; 
ea lege, or conditione, or sub ea conditione, ut, with a 
conjunctive ; modp ; dummodo ; Cic. V. State of 
body ; corporis habitudo, or habitus, us. VI. Temper, 
disposition; mos, moris, m. ; indoles, is, f. 
CONDITIONAL, a. Cui adjuncta est conditio ; quod ex 
conditione servanda pendet. 
CONDITIONALLY, ad. Adjuncta conditione. 
CONDITIONED (well, ill), part. a. (Of persons) ; mo- 
ratus : (of things) ; constitutus. 

To CONDOLE, v. n. Dolorem officiosum significare ; 
simul dolere; (condolere, Hieron.). 
CONDOLENCE, s. Dolor ex alterius dolore perceptus. 
Message of condolence ; doloris officiosa significatio. 
To CONDUCE, v. n. Contribuere ; conferre ; adju- 
mento esse ad ; Cic. 

CONDUCIVE, a. Utilis ; aptus ; accommodus. 

CONDUCT, s. I. Management; administratio ; gu- 

srnatio ; curatio ; procuratio, Cic. Conduct of public 

affairs ; publicarum rerum curatio et administratio, Cic. 

To give to one the conduct of an army; aliquem ducem 

exercitui prseficere, Cic. : (of a war); bello praeponere, 

Cic To give one the conduct of any thing ; aliquem rei 

proeficere ; alicui praefecturam rei dare (To take it 

away) ; rei curam demere, Cic. j aliquem de cura rerum 

demovere, Tac. II. Escort, guard; praesidium ; co- 

mitatus, Cic. ; comitum turba. III. Behaviour ; ratio ; 

itae, or vivendi, ratio, Cic. To charge one to watch Ute 

conduct of another ; aliquem alteri custodem addere, 

Plaut lam utterly astonished at your conduct; ves- 

tram nequeo satis mirari rationem, Ter. 

To CONDUCT, v. a. I. To lead; ducere ; deducere ; ali- 
cui ducem se praebere, Cic To conduct one to his house ; 
aliquem domum deducere. II. To manage; adminis- 
trare ; gubernare ; moderari ; gerere, Cic. To conduct 

the qffairs of state ; administrare rempublicam, Cic 

To conduct an army; ducere exercitum, Cic.; praeesse 
exercitui To conduct an affair ; rem gerere, adminis- 
trare : (well) ; rem optime suo ductu gerere, Cic. : 
(cleverly) ; rem astute tractare, Tac. III. To attend; 
comitari : (by way of respect) ; deducere, Cic. ; latus 
tegere, Hor., claudere, Liv. : (in great numbers) ; cele- 
brare : (as an escort) ; praesidii causa comitari. 

CONDUCTOR, s. I. A leader; dux, Cic. ; dux via?, 
Curt. II. A manager; ductor ; praefectus ; dux 
atque princeps, Cic. 

CONDUIT, s. Ductus, us, Cic. ; canalis, is, m., Vitr. ; 
aquarum ductus, Cic. 

CONE. s. (In geometry) ; conus, i, m., Cic. 
To CONFABULATE, v. n. Cpnfabulari, Plaut. ; Ter. 
CONFABULATION, s. Familiarissima collocutio; ser- 
mo; colloquium ; Cic. ; (confabulatio, Tert.). 
To CONFECT. v. a. Condire. 

CONFECTION, s. I. A sweetmeat; poma saccharo 
aut melle condita. II. An electuary; confectio, 
Gell. ; compositio, Cels. ; medica compositip. 
CONFECTIONER. *. Qui (quae) poma condit. 
CONFEDERACY, s. Fcedus, eris, n. ; societas confir- 
mata foedere ; consociatio ; Cic To break a confede- 
racy ; feedus violare, rumpere ; consociationem dissol- 
vere, Cic. One who breaks a confederacy ; fcedifragus, 

To CONFEDERATE, v. n. Cum aliis feedus facere, 
Cic. ; foedere conjungi ; alicui foedere jungi ; Liv. 
CONFEDERATE, a. Fcederatus ; fcedere conjunctus. 
To CONFER, v. n. Cum aliquo, or inter se, collo- 
qui, Cic. ; sermonem conferre ; capita conferre ; con- 
ferre ; communicare ; Cic To confer concerning a 

matter ; de re conferre, deliberare, communicare, con- 

silium inire, Cic We will confer together about it ; 

de his coram, sc. agemus ; coram de his conferemus, 

To CONFER, v. a. I. To compare ; rem cum alia, 
or alteri, comparare; unum cum alio, or alteri, con- 
ferre; Cic. II. To bestow (on or upon); don are ; 
conferre ; tribuere ; attribuere. To confer a benefice 
upon one ; jus ecclesiastici beneficii in aliquem conferre. 

III. To contribute ; see To CONTRIBUTE. 
CONFERENCE, s. I. Conversation ; colloquium ; 
collocutio ; congressus, us To enter upon a confer- 
ence ; ad colloquium venire, Cic. They are engaged in 



a conference ; colloquuntur inter se, Cses We must 
have a conference with him; in ejus congressum collo- 
quiumque veniendum est, Cic. They have had a long 
conference upon that affair ; ea de re multa inter se 
communicaverunt, Cic. Conference respecting peace; 
tolloquia de pace. Secret conferences with the enemy ; 
clandestina cum hostibus, Cic. II. Comparison ; col- 
latio ; comparatio ; contentio ; Cic. 

To CONFESS, v. a., .,and r. I. To own; rem, or 
de re, confiteri. To confess one's fault; peccatum, or 

de peccato, confessione patefacere, Cic To oblige to 

confess a crime ; extorquere ab aliquo ut scelus fateatur, 

Cic Confess that you are wrong; fatere ingenue te 

esse in culpa, Cic To confess freely ; fateri ; profiteri. 

II. To acknowledge publicly ; profiteri (verum), Ov. 

To confess Christ ; fidem Christianam confiteri, profi- 
teri, tueri. III. To disclose the state of the conscience ; 
peccata sacerdoti declarare, or sacerdotis auribus com- 
mittere. IV. To hear the confession of a penitent ; 
confitenti delicta aures praebere. 

CONFESSEDLY, ad. Ex confesso. 

CONFESSION. *. Confessio To be taken by one's 
own confession ; sua confessione indui, Cic Confession 
of faith ; fidei professio. Confession of sins ; delicto- 

rum pia confessio A general confession ; confessio 

peccatorura per totam vitam admissorum To make 
one's confession; see To CONFESS, III. 

CONFESSIONAL, s. Sacrum pcenitentiae tribunal. 

CONFESSOR, s. I. A priest who hears confessions ; 
sacramenti poenitentiae administer He is my confessor ; 
est meae conscientiae arcanus arbiter. II. One -who 
makes confession of the Christian faith in the face of dan- 
ger ; Christianae fidei propugnator. 

CONFIDANT, s. Alicujus consiliis intimus, Ter. ; qui 
consiliorum alterius est particeps, Cic He is my con- 
Jidant; meis consiliis est intimus, Ter. ; est mihi in 
rebus privatis omnibus conscius, Cic. ; est meorum 
omnium arcanorum arbiter, Curt. 

To CONFIDE, v. n. Alicui fidere, Cic., confidere, 
Caes., fidem habere, Cic. ; alterius fidei se committere. 

I confide entirely in you ; rem omnem tibi permitto, 
Cic / confide in you only ; tibi uni omnia credo, Cic. 

You may confide in me ; de me tibi spondere pos- 
sum, Cic Confide in me ; da te mihi, 1 er. ; meae te 
fidei, or in meam fidem, committe ; Cic. That confides 
in himself ; bene sibi fidens, Cic. Not to confide in 

any one ; alicui dimdere, Cic They confide in their 

innocence ; sunt innocentia freti, Cic. 

To CONFIDE, v. a. i. e. To intrust ; rem alicui com- 
mittere, credere, concredere, Cic. To confide secrets ; 
alteri consilia committere, or animum credere, Cic. 

CONFIDENCE.*. I. Trust; fiducia, Liv. : (in any 
one); alicujus Self confidence ; sui fiducia Unli- 
mited confidence ; confidentia, Cic. To place confid- 
ence in any one; confidere alicui, Caes., aliquo, Cic., 
in aliquo, Hirt To have confidence in anyone; ali- 
cui fidem habere, adjungere, Cic. You have but little 
confidence in me ; parva mihi apud te est fides, Plaut 
You are not worthy of confidence ; fide nulla es, Plaut. 

You are the man in whom he reposes the greatest con- 
fidence ; tibi maximam fidem rerum suarum habet, Cic. 

A man worthy of confidence; homo fidus, certus, 
Cic. II. Boldness; fidentia; fidens animus ; fiducia ; 
animus ; Cic. 

CONFIDENT, a. I. Sure, certain ; certus (de re) ; 
non dubius ; Cic To be confident of a thing ; explo- 
ratum habere, Cic / am confident of it ; id certo 
scio, Cic. II. Bold; fidens; confidens ; praefidens; 
audax; Cic. III. Trusting; qui sponte fidem aliis 

CONFIDENTLY, ad. I. Without doubt; non dubi- 

tanter ; haud dubie ; sine dubio ; profecto ; certo ; Cic. 

II. Boldly ; fidenter ; confidenter ; libere ; audac- 

ter; Cic.; audentius, Tac. III. With firm trust; 

cum fiducia. 

CONFIGURATION, s. Externa corporum forma, figura, 
or species. 

CONFINES, s. pi. Fines, ium, m. pi. ; confinium ; Cic. ; 
confinia, orum, n. pi., Cic.; (dat. confiniis, Cic., confi- 
nibus, Plin.) To mark the confines of a territory ; agri 
fines terminare, Cic. 

To CONFINE, v. n. i. e. To border upon; confinem 
esse, Cic. ; proximum esse, Curt. ; terminare, Cic. 

To CONFINE, v. a. I. To limit; rem terminare ; 
suis terminis circumscribere, circumdare, finire ; termi- 
nis definire, Cic. To confine one's desires to what is 
necessary; desiderare quod satis est, Hor Confine 
your desires ; moderantius opta, Ov. II. To impri- 
son ; in carcerem, or in carcere, includere, or inclusum 
tenere ; in carcere detinere ; in carcerem, or in vin- 
cula, conjicere, Cic. He is confined in prison for life ; 
in sternum carcerem detrusus, or compactus, est, Plaut,, 
Cic. III. To restrain; coercere; reprimere ; cohi- 
bere ; circumscribere. To confine one's self to his 
rights ; intra fines juris sui cedere, Liv To be confined 
by sickness ; morbo detineri To be confined to one's 
bed; in lecto jacere; lecto detineri, or teneri, Cic. 

IV. Pass. To be confined (in childbed); ex puer- 
perio, or ex partu, decumbere, Ter. 

CONFINEMENT, a. I. Restraint ; coercitio ; cohi- 
bitio. II. Imprisonment ; in custodia inclusio ; cap- 
tivitas. To be kept in confinement ; carcere, or custo- 
dia, attincri, Tac He is in confinement; asservatur 

in carcere, Liv. III. Childbed; puerperium, Plin. 

To CONFIRM, v. a. I. To strengthen; firmare ; 

confirmare ; stabilire ; roborare ; Cic To confirm one 

in his opinions ; aliquem in sententia confirmatiorem 

efficere He confirmed his promise with an oath ; 

jurejurando fidem firmavit, Cic., alligavit. Sen. Jo 
confirm by good arguments ; rem exquisitis rationibug 
confirmare, Cic. II. To ratify, settle ; confirmare, 
Cic. ; rei fidem addere, Liv. The letters confirm the 
news that Murcena is made consul ; liters celebrant 
Muraenam factum esse consulem, Cic. To confirm 
by new proofs ; rem gravioribus argumentis confir- 
mare ; rei fidem, auctoritatem, et firmamentum adjun- 
gere, Cic. III. To administer the rite of confirmation ; 
impositis manibus fideles confirmare. 

CONFIRMATION, s. Confirmatio In confirmation of 
this good news ; in fidem tarn laetarum rerum, Liv. 
To give confirmation ; see To CONFIRM. 

CONFIRMATORY, a. Quo res confirmatur ; fidem ret 
faciens ; Quint. 

To CONFISCATE, v. a. Bona fisco adjudicare, Cic. ; 
addicere ; confiscare, Suet.; proscribere, Cic 'Ihe 
property of the exiles is confiscated ; bonis mulctantur 
exules, Cic. 

CONFISCATED, part. a. Fisco addictus. One whose 
property is confiscated ; confiscatus, Suet. 

CONFISCATION, s. Fisco bonorum addictio ; bonorum 
proscriptio, or sectio, Cic. 

CONFITS. s. pi. Poma saccharo aut melle condita ; 
tragemata, um, n. pi. 

CONFLAGRATION, s. Conflagratio, Sen. 

To CONFLICT, v . n. Confligere ; certare ; concer- 
tare ; decertare ; pugnare. 

CONFLICT, s. I. Collision ; conflictus, us ; con- 
flictio ; Cic. ; collisus ; concursus, us ; congressus. II. 
A fight; certamen ; pugna ; prcelium, Cic. III. Con- 
test ; contentio ; concertatio ; controversia ; rixa ; Cic. 

CONFLUENCE, s. I. The meeting of two rivers ; con- 

fluens ; confluentes, sc. fluvii, Liv The confluence of the 

Meuse and the Rhine ; Mosas et Rheni confluens, Caes. 

II. A concourse of people ; concursus, us ; frequentia; 

ccetus, us. 

CONFLUENT, a. Confluens. 

To CONFORM, v. a. Rem alteri, or ad alterum, ac- 
commodare, Cic. 

To CONFORM, v. n. ( To the will of another) ; ad al- 
terius voluntatem se conformare ; ad alterius arbitrium 
nutumque se fingere et accommodare ; Cic. (To other 
manners, &c. ) ; alterius in mores congruere, Liv. ; mores 
induere, Plin. 

CONFORMABLE, a. Consentaneus ; consentiens; con- 
gruens To be conformable ; congruere ; consentant-um 
esse ; Cic Our sentiments are conformable ; nostri 
sensus congruunt, Cic No one's sentiments are more 
conformable to mine ; nemo in terris est mihi tarn consen- 
tientibus sensibus, Cic. 

CONFORMABLY, ad. Congruenter ; convenienter ; with 
a dative. To live conformably to the rules of reason ; 
vitam ad normam rationis dirigere To live conform- 
ably to nature ; congruenter naturae convenienterque 
vivere, Cic. Conformably to the rules of philosophy ; vi- 
tam ex philosophies praeceptis agere, Cic To act con- 
formably to orders received ; ex praescripto res adminis- 
trare, Cic. 

CONFORMATION, s. Corporis conformatio, constructio, 
figuratio, Piin. 

CONFORMITY, s. Convenientia ; similitude; Cic. 
Conformity of sentiment ; sententiarum consensio, Cic. 
Conformity of manners ; morum congruentia, Suet. 
In conformity to ; see CONFORMABLY. 

To CONFOUND, v. a. I. To mix or huddle together ; 
plura permiscere ; commiscere ; confundere ; pertur- 
bare ; Cic To confound the good and the bad ; dignos 
indignis intermiscere, Liv To confound one thing with 
another ; alterum pro altero accipere You confound 
one name with the other ; erras in nomine, Cic. II. 
To abash ; alicui pudore incutere, Cic. ; ruborem eli- 
cere, Cic. ; aliquem pudore suffundere. III. To de- 
stroy, overthrow ; pessum dare; evertere; perdere; pro- 
fundere. To confound by argument ; adversario os oc- 
cludere; frangere, Cic.; argumentis aliquem vincere. 
IV. To perplex ; see To PERPLEX. 

CONFOUNDED, a. I. Mingled together ; confusus. 
II. Abashed ; pudore suffusus. III. Unfortunate, un- 
lucky ; infelix ; calamitosus. 

CONFOUNDEDLY, ad. Pessimum, or horribilem, in 


To CONFRONT, v.a. I. To stand against another in 
full view ; alicujus in conspectum se dare ; alicui se of- 
ferre ; Cic.; coram aliquem se sistere. II. To com- 



pare ; rem cum altera, or alteri, componere ; rem rei, 
cum re, or res inter se duas, conferre ; Cic. III. To op- 
pose witnesses to an accused party ; testes reo producere, 
or opponere ; testes et reum inter se committere ; or, 
testes cum reo componere, Cic. 

CONFRONTATION, s. (A law term) ; testium cum reo 

To CONFUSE, v. a. Miscere ; permiscere ; confun- 
dere ; turbare ; perturbare. See also To CONFOUND. 

CONFUSED . part. a. I . Disturbed, out of order ; con- 
fusus ; perturbatus ; permistus ; Cic. A confused cry ; 
inconditus clamor, Curt. A confused discourse ; confusa 
et perturbata oratio, Cic A confused notion ; compli- 
cata animi notio, Cic. Confused reports ; rumores nullo 
certo auctore, Cic. II. Covered with confusion, 

abashed ; multo rubore suffusus ; pudore suffusus, or con- 

fusus, Ov To be confused at any thing ; rei, rem, or de 

re, erubescere, Cic. He was confused ; cepit eum vere- 
cundia, Liv. 

CONFUSEDLY, ad. I. In a confused manner ; con- 
fuse; permiste; perturbate; Cic. II. Without order ; 
promiscue, Liv. III. Not plainly ; obscure, Cic. 

CONFUSION, s. I. Irregular mixture, disorder ; con- 
fusio ; perturbatio, Cic. To throw into confusion ; 
omnia permiscere, Cic. In what confusion are our af- 
fairs ! quanta in rerum perturbatione versamur ! Cic 
In confusion; confuse; permiste; promiscue. II. 
Slushing, shame ; pudor ; verecundia ; Cic To cause 
confusion ; pudorem alicui incutere, Hor. ; aliquem in 
magnam verecundiam adducere, Liv. I say it to my 
confusion ; pudet dicere. To his confusion ; in dedecus 

suum, Veil Tfiat will cover you with lasting confusion ; 

Id infliget tibi sempiternam turpitudinem, Cic. III. 
Overthrow, destruction; disturbatio ; eversio; disjectio ; 
pernicies ; ruina. 

CONFUTATION, s. Confutatio; refutatio; Cic. 

To CONFUTE, v. a. Argumentum, or adversarhrm, re- 
futare, confutare, repellere, or diluere, Cic. To confute 
beforehand ; arguments et rationes infirmare, Cic. 

CoNGfi. s. See Bow, LEAVE. 

To CONGEAL, v. a, Congelare ; in glaciem cogere ; 
gelu adstringere, Cic. 

To CONGEAL, v. n. Congelari, Col. 

CONGELATION, s. Congelatio, Plin Congelations; 
congelata, orum, n. pi. 

CONGENIAL, a. Affinis Fig. ; accommodus ; aptus ; 


CONGEII. s. Conger, gri, m., Plin. 

To CONGEST, v. a. Congerere ; coacervare. 

CONGESTION, s. Congestio. 

To CONGLOBATE, v. a. Conglobare, Cic. 

To CONGLOMERATE, v. n. Conglomerare, Cic. 

To CONGLUTINATE. v. a. Rem cum re, Cic., or res 
duas inter se, Varr., conglutinare. 

CONGLUTINATION, s. Conglutinatio, Cic. 

To CONGRATULATE, v. a. Alicui rem, de re, gratu- 
lari, congratulari, Cic (In behalf of another) ; alterius 
nomine, Cic. They came immediately to congratulate 
me; mihi facta est statim gratulatio, Cic To congratu- 
late one's self; sibi gratulari, sibi gaudere, quod, Cic 

One who congratulates ; gratulator, Cic. 

CONGRATULATION, s. Gratulatio ; congratulatio ; Cic. 
A letter of congratulation; epistolagratulatpria, Capitol. 

CONGRATULATORY, a. Gratulabundus, Liv. 

To CONGREGATE, v. a. Congregare ; aggregare ; co- 
gere ; in unum locum compellere, or congregare ; Cic. 

To CONGREGATE, v . n. In unum locum convenire, 
confluere, coire ; ad locum concurrere, Cic. ; congregari. 

To congregate secretly ; clam inter se convenire, Cic. 
CONGREGATION, s. Congregatio ; conventus, us ; cce- 

tus, us ; congregata hominum frequentia Congregation 
assembled to hear a discourse ; consessus, us ; corona ; 
concio, Cic. 

CONGREGATIONAL, a. Ad ccetum, concionem, &c.,per- 

CONGRESS, s. Congressio, Cic. ; congressus, us, Plin. 


CONGRUOUS, a. Congruens ; aptus ; Cic. ; congruus, 

CONGRUITY. s. Congruentia, Suet. 

CONGRUOUSLY, ad. Congruenter ; convenienter, Cic. 

To speak congruously ; de re apte dicere, Cic. 
CONIC, CONICAL, a. Turbinatus, Plin.; infiguram coni 

formatus ; cono similis. 

CONJECTURAL, a. Conjecturalis ; conjectura poaitus; 
Cic To be only conjectural; conjectura contineri, Cic. 

CONJECTURALLY. ad. Ex conjectura, Cic. 

To CONJECTURE, v. a. Rem ex re conjicere ; conjec- 
turam ex re sumere, ducere, trahere, capere ; conjectura 
judicare, prosequi, assequi, ad rem duci, Cic. As far as 
I can conjecture ; quantum conjectura, or opinione, au- 
guror, Cic. 

CONJECTURE, s. Conjectura, Cic ; conjectatio, Plin. 
To form a conjecture; conjecturam ducere, ex re su- 
mere, trahere, or capere, Cic. To mistake in one's con- 
jecture; conjectura aberrare, Cic / know only by con- 
jecture ; conjectura id assecutuis sum, Cic My conjcc- 

ture is not without foundation ; habeo quo me conjectura 
ducat, Cic. 

To CONJOIN, v. a. Conjungere ; connectere. 

CONJOINT, a. Conjunctus ; connexus. 

CONJOINTLY, ad. Conjunctim ; conjuncte ; pariter ; 

CONJUGAL, a. Conjugialis, Ov. ; conjugalis, Sen. ; 
connubialis ; maritalis, Juv Conjugal bond ; conju- 

giale foedus, Ov. Conjugal tow;,socialis amor, Ov 

Conjugal fidelity ; marita fides, Propert To violate con- 
jugal fidelity ; violare conjugii fidem, Plin. 

CONJUGALLY, ad. More conjugum ; ut conjuges decet. 

To CONJUGATE, v. a. (In grammar); verbum incli- 
nare ; declinare ; Varr. ; Quint. 

CONJUGATION, s. I. (With grammarians) ; verborum 
flexura, Varr. ; (conjugatio, Rhem.). II. Union, as- 
semblage ; Cumulata complexio, Cic. 

CONJUNCTION, s. I. (In grammar) ; A connective par- 
ticle ; conjunctio, Cic. ; connexiva particula, Cell. 
II. (In astronomy) ; Conjunction of the sun and moon ; 
lunffi coitus, Plin. Conjunction of the other heavenly 
bodies; astrorum concursio, Cic. III. Association; 

CONJUNCTIVE, a. Connexivus ; (conjunctivus, Tert. ; 

CONJUNCTURE, s. Rerum concursus, us, Cic. At 
the present conjuncture ; his temporibus. He had re- 
gard to the conjuncture of affairs at that time ; rationem 
habuit temporum illorum. 

CONJURATION, s. I. Conspiracy ; conjuratio ; con- 
spiratio, Cic.; see CONSPIRACY. II. Enchantment; 
magicae voces. III. A conjuring; obtestatio ; effla- 
gitatio ; obsecratio ; deprecatio ; Cic. 

To CONJURE, v.a. i.e. To entreat earnestly ; obse- 
crare ; obtestari ; orare atque obsecrare aliquem, ut ; om- 
nibus precibus ab aliquo petere, Cic. 

To CONJURE, v. n. I. To conspire; (contra rem- 

publicam) conjurare ; (in rempublicam) conspirare ; Cic. 

II. To use enchantment ; magia, or arte magica, uti ; 

fascinare, Cell. ; incantare, Col. ; or, artibus magici 

manes evocare ; animus mortuorum elicere* 

CONJURER, s. Magus ; sagus ; or, qui artibtrs magicis 
manes evocat, Suet. ;--qui animos mortuorum elicit, Hor. 

CONNATE, a. A natura insitus. 

To CONNECT, v. a. Rem rei, or cum re, jungere ; 
conjungere ; connectere ; copulare ; Cic. 

CONNECTEDLY, ad. Conjunctim; conjuncte; simul ; 

CONNEXION, s. I. Union ; rerum connexio ; con- 
junctio ; junctio ; Cic. II. Relation; convenientia. 
Connexion of friendship ; amicitiae conjunctio, congluti- 
natio, vinculum, Cic. To break off connexion with one ; 
alicui societatem renuntiare, Cic. The connexion of the 
sciences; omnium doctrinarum concentus, us, Cic 
Connexion of the arts ; cognatio qua inter se artes conti- 
nentur, Cic. Connexion of a discourse; conjunctio; 
contextus, us. A discourse without connexion ; non co- 
haerens sermo, Cic. ; fluctuans et dissoluta oratio, Auct. 
ad Her. 

CONNIVANCE, s. Dissimulatio, Cic. ; (conniventia, 
Asc. Fed.) By connivance ; dissimulanter, Cic. 

To CONNIVE AT. v . n. Dissimulare rem, Cic. ; conni- 
vere in re Plin. 

CONNOISSEUR, s. Rei intelligens ; rerum peritus sesti- 
mator. A connoisseur in the fine arts ; qui habet oculos 
eruditos, Cic A connoisseur in music ; cujus aures in 
musicis vel minima sentiunt, Cic A connoisseur in 
works of taste or literature; vir exquisite judicio, or 
judicio eruditissimus ; qui teretes aures habet intelli- 
gensque judicium, Cic. ; homo emunctae naris, Hor. 

CONNUBIAL, a. Conjugialis, Ov. ; conjugalis, Sen. ; 
connubialis ; maritalis ; Juv. Connubial love ; socialis 
amor, Ov. 

To CONQUER, v.a. I. To gain by conquest; bello 

quaerere, Plin To conquer kingdoms ; regna subigere, 

Cic. ; in ditionem suam redigere, Plin. To conquer 
provinces ; provincias sub imperium subjungere, or ad 
imperium adjungere, Cic. II. To subdue; vincere; 
super are ; Cic. ; edomare ; domare. To conquer ene- 
mies ; hostes vincere, or devincere, domare, or edomare, 
superare, armis subigere, Cic. ; debellare, Liv We 
must either conquer or die ; hauriendus vel dandus est 

sanguis, Liv He has conquered; superior discessit, 

Nep. Who has conquered? cui cessit victoria? Virg. 
We have conquered; res nostra fuit superior, Caes. 
He has been conquered ; discessit inferior, Cic. To 
conquer one's self or one's passions ; animum vincere, 
Plaut. ; cupiditates domare, or frangere ; sibi imperare ; 
Cic It is greater to conquer one's self than to conquer 
one's enemies; fortior est qui se quam qui dcvicerit 

ON"QUERABLE. o. Qui vinci potest ; superabilis ; vm- 
cibtlis (fig.), Col. 

CONQUERED, part. a. I. Gained by conquest ; bello 

partus, or quajsitus Conquered people ; piopuh armis 

subacti. Conquered countries; armis quaesiti fines, 
Col.; regiones imperio adjunctae, Cic. II. Subdued; 


victus ; devictus ; domitus, Cic To confess one's self 
conquered; se victum fateri. 

CONQUEROR, s. Gentium, or hostium, victor ; popu- 
lorum domitor He came off conqueror ; superior a 
pugna discessit, Nep To fall into the hands of a con- 
queror ; victoris in manus devenire, Cic Alexander 
was the conqueror of Darius ; Darium debellavit Alex- 
ander, Plin Conqueror of one's passions ; cupiditatum 

domitor Conqueror of himself; sui potens, Liv. ; sui, 
or sibi, imperiosus, Plin. ; Hor. 

CONQUEST, s. I. Victory ; victoria. To gain a 
conquest; vincere; victoriam reportare; see also To 
CONQUER. A signal conquest ; victoria spectabilis, Tac. 

He extended his conquests from the Hellespont to the 
Ocean ; ab Hellesponto usque ad Oceanum omnes gentes 
victoria emensus est, Curt He undertook the conquest 
of India ; expeditionem in Indias adornabat, Curt. 

II. That which has been gained by victory ; bello parta, or 
comparata (pi.), Cic. ; armis quaesita (pi.), Cic. 

CONSANGUINEOUS, a. Consanguineus, Cic. 

CONSANGUINITY, s. Consanguinitas, Liv. ; sanguinis 
cognatio, Cic. 

CONSCIENCE, s. i. e. Sentiment of right and wrong; 
conscientia. A good conscience ; conscientia recta, Cic. 

A bad conscience; conscientia animi mala, Cic A 
man of an upright conscience ; homo religiosus, or in- 
teger, Cic.; aequi servantissimus, Virg Without con- 
science; homo perditissimus, or intacti religione 
animi, Liv. ; sine ulla religione, Cic. Remorse of con- 
science ; conscientia maleficiorum, Cic. Tenderness of 
conscience ; officii religio, Cic A wound of conscience ; 
conscientiae labes, et vulnus, Cic In conscience, or with 
a good conscience; salva conscientia, Sen To have 
nothing upon one's conscience ; nil conscire sibi, Hor. 
That has nothing upon the conscience ; sibi nullius culpae 
conscius, Cic. Restrained by conscience ; religione re- 
frenatus, Lucr. To examine one's conscience ; se 

expendere, Cic. ; conscientiam excutere To discharge 

the conscience ; conscientiam exonerare, Curt To re- 
joice in the testimony of conscience ; praeclara conscien- 
tia sustentari ; optimae mentis conscientia se consolari, 
Cic To act against conscience ; a recta conscientia 
aberrare, or discedere, Cic. Never to act against con- 
science; ad conscientiam referre omnia, Plin. Your 
conscience will not allow it ; hoc citra culpam admittere 
non potes. A scruple of conscience ; religio. To make 

conscience of a thing; aliquid religion! habere, Cic In 

till conscience, i. e. in truth ; profecto ; vere ; certe ; 
bona fide. 

CONSCIENTIOUS, a. (Vir) rigidse innocentiae, Liv.; 
religiosior ; a-quus ; Justus ; integer. 

CONSCIENTIOUSLY, ad. Religiose ; bona fide ; Cic. 


CONSCIOUS, a. Conscius in re, de re, Cic I am con- 
scious that I was ; conscius mihi sum, me fuisse, Cic. 

Conscious virtue ; virtus conscia. 
CONSCIOUSLY, ad. Ex conscientia. 
CONSCIOUSNESS, s. Conscientia. 
CONSCRIPT, s. Conscriptus. 
CONSCRIPTION, s. Nomen militiae datum. 

To CONSECRATE, v. a. I. To dedicate (to God) ; 
dicare; dedicare; consecrare To consecrate one's self ; 
Deo se addicere. II. To make sacred; 
sacrare ; consacrare. III. To dedicate to some parti- 
cular purpose; rei dedere, addicere ; in re collocare 

To consecrate one's setf to the service of the altar ; sacris 
se adstringere, Cic. 

CONSECRATE or CONSECRATED, a. Sacratus ; conse- 
cratus Consecrated to God; Deo sacer, or dicatus, 

CONSECRATION, s. Consecratio ; dedicatio ; Cic. 

CONSECUTIVE, a. Proxime sequens, or subsequens ; 
continuus ; Cic Fifty consecutive years ; quinquaginta 
anni continui, Cic He solicits me in three consecutive 
letters ; tribus epistolis aliis super alias scriptis me 
urget, Plin. 

CONSECUTIVELY, ad. Continenter ; sine intermissione, 

CONSENT, s. I. Agreement ; consensus, us ; con- 
sensio. Common consent; omnium consensus, Cic 
JSy common consent ; uno ex ore ; ex consensu omnium, 
Cic. II. Approbation, assent ; approbatio; assensio; 
assensus, (is, Cic With my consent ; me annuente, or 
approbante, Cic. With the consent of all; omnium 
consensu, Caes. ; una mente, Cic. To give one's con- 
sent ; see To CONSENT. Against my consent; me in- 
vito. . 

To CONSENT, v. n. Rei, or de re, assentiri ; asscnsu 
suo rem comprobare ; rem approbare, Cic To consent 
to a request; petition! concedere, Cic He would not 
consent; adduci non potuit ut huic rei assentiretur, 
Cic. I consent that you pass that over in silence; con- 
cedo tibi ut ea praetereas, Cic / consent to it ; per me 
licet; non abnuo. A thing consented to; assensa res, 

Cic To force one to consent ; alicui ex ammo assensio- 

nem extorquere, or extrahere, Cic Consenting; as- 
gentiens ; non invitus. 



CONSENTIENT, a. Consentiens ; conspirans. 

CONSEQUENCE, jr. I. Result, ejject ; consequens ; 

consequentia As a consequence of that ; ideo ; ergo ; 

idcirco ; ob cam causam ; ea de causa. II. Inference, 
deduction ; consecutio ; consequentia ; Cic. ; see IN- 
FERENCE. III. Moment, importance; momentum; 
pondus, eris, n. ; Cic. A matter of some consequence; 
res alicujus pretii, Cic (Oj great consequence) ; per- 
magnum negotium ; res magna et gravis ; res maximi 
momenti et ponderis, Cic. (Of no consequence)', reg 
nullius momenti, Cic It is of consequence to me that 

I, ifc.; magni mea interest, with an infinitive It is of 

consequence for the state, that ; id valde ad rempublicam 

pertinet, ut, Cic A man of consequence ; vir auctori- 

tate gravis, magna auctoritate, or in quo summa est auc- 
toritas, Cic He thinks himself a man of consequence; 
videtur sibi esse quantivis pretii, Ter. 

CONSEQUENT, a. Consequens. 

CONSEQUENT, s. Consequentia By consequent; 
ideo ; igitur, Cic. ; atque adeo ; ob earn rem ; itaque ; 

CONSEQUENTIALLY, ad. Apte ; composite ; concluse, 

CONSEQUENTLY, ad. Igitur ; ideo ; ob earn rem. 

CONSERVATION, s. Conservatio ; salus, utis, f. 

CONSERVATIVE, a. Qui servat, &c. ; qui ad servandas 
res valet ; servator ; servatrix. To be a conservative ; 
reipublicae ad salutem intendere To be of the conserv- 
ative party in the stale ; attentos animos ad conserva- 
tionem civium tenere, Cic. 

CONSERVATOR, s. Servator, Cic. ; conservator, Liv. ; 
lem. conservatrix ; sospita, ae, f., Cic. 

CONSERVATORY, s. i. e. A greenhouse; cella arbus- 
tiva ; cella defendendis a frigore arbusculis. 

To CONSERVE, v. a. I. To preserve; servare; 

conservare; tueri ; defendere. II. To candy fruits; 
fructus condere ; poma condire (saccharo, vel melle) ; 

CONSERVES, s. pi. Poma saccharo vel melle condita. 

To CONSIDER, v. a. I. To look at attentively; rem 
considerare, contemplari, inspicere. II. To reflect 

upon ; rem perpendere ; ponderare ; aestimare, Cic To 

consider attentively ; rem examinare momentoque suo 
ponderare ; rem expendere atque aestimare, Cic. III. 
To regard ; in loco habere / have always considered 
him as my father ; eum semper habui loco patris ; sem- 
per hunc mihi loco patris esse duxi, Cic. ; hunc semper 
pro parente colui, Liv. IV. To reverence, respect; 
revereri et colere, Cic. ; reverentiam alicui praestare, Plin. 
V. To recompense ; aliquem remunerare, or remu- 
nerari, Cic. 

To CONSIDER, v.n.i. e. To think maturely ; rem, de re, 
meditari ; rem secum meditari, or cogitare ; deliberare, 
Cic. See also To DELIBERATE. 

CONSIDERABLE, a. Gravis ; magni momenti et pon- 
deris. A considerable sum of money ; grandis, or in- 
gens, pecunia, Cic A considerable army; maximus, 
or permagnus, exercitus, Cic A man considerable on 
account of his rank and reputation ; illustris honore et 
nomine, Cic. He enjoys a considerable reputation; ex- 
istimatione floret, Cic. See also GREAT, LARGE. 

CONSIDERABLY, ad. Valde; vehementer; maxime; 
insigniter, Cic.; notabiliter, Tac. Considerably hea- 
vier; multo gravius. 

CONSIDERATE, a. Consideratus ; circumspectus ; con- 
sultus ; prudens ; Cic. 

CONSIDERATELY, ad. Considerate ; consulto (not con- 
suite) ; non temere, or inconsulte. 

CONSIDERATENESS. s. Prudentia, Cic. 

CONSIDERATION, s. I. Refaction, examination; 

consideratio ; examinatio ; animi attentio, Cic With 

consideration; considerate; consulto; Cic Without 

consideration ; inconsulte ; temere After full consider- 
ation ; re perspecta atque cognita ; re mult um diuque 
discussa, Cic / have not done any thing but after full 
consideration; tiihil feci non diu consideratum, et multo 
ante meditatum, Cic. This demands consideration; hoc 
est consideratione dignum, Cic To take into consider- 
ation; see To CONSIDER. II. Motive, reason ; ratio; 
causa For many considerations; multis de causis, Cic. 
III. Importance ; momentum; pondus, eris, n. 
Of no consideration; nulliug momenti, Cic. IV. Es- 
timation ; existimatio ; locus ; pretium, Cic He is a 
man of no consideration ; in nullo numero est. V. 
Regard ; ratio ; respectus, us. To have consideration 
for any one; respectum ad aliquem habere; alicujug 
rationem habere ; Cic. Without consideration for any 
one ; nulla cujusquam habita ratione In consideration 
of any thing or person; rei vel alicujus causa. VI. 
Compensation ; merces ; premium ; remuneratio ; Cic. 

CONSIDERING, part. Habita ratione ; ut, with an in- 
dicative Considering his great age; atatis habita ra- 
tione ; bi ad sptatem spectes. Considering what o'clock 
it is ; ut est diei tempus, Ter Considering these trou- 
blesome times ; pro temporum perturbaticne He wat 


not incloqucnt, considering the times in which he lived 
non erat indisertus, ut temporibus illis, tit erant ilia 
tempora, or ut in tali tern pore, Cic. Considering that 
quoniam ; quando ; quandoquidem ; with an indicative 
cum, with a conjunctive ; Cic. 

To CONSIGN, v. a. I. To intrust ; rem alicui com 
mittere, credere, concredere, Cic. II. Tb appropriate 
rem rei assignare, addicere, devovere. 

To CONSIST, v. n. I. To consist of, i.e. to be composed 
of; ex aliqua re constars (or consistere, Auct. B. Hisp.) 
(rebus) cohserere, Cic. II. To consist in, i.e. to have 
its essence or properties in; in re consistere, versari 
sitinn, or positum, esse ; re contineri, Cic. Herein con- 
sisted all his skill in medicine ; intra heec omnis ejus erat 
medicina. Cels. To make to consist in; aliquid in re 
constituere. He makes the real good to consist in virtue 
alone; videtur ipsi summum bpnum in una honestate 
consistere, Cic. They make evil to consist in pain, good 
in pleasure ; mala dolore, bona voluptate definiunt, Cic. 
III. To consist with, i. e. to be consistent with ; con- 
venire, congruere, concinere, cum ; re consonare, con- 
sentire, consentaneum esse. ~ Not to consist with; re- 
pugnare rei ; male, or haud, convenire cum re. 

CONSISTENCE, s. I. Thickness of liquids ; spissitas 
spissitudo; coagulatio, Plin. II. Stability ; firmitas ; 
stabilitas. III. Suitableness; convenientia ; congru- 

CONSISTENCY, s. Constantia. 
CONSISTENT, a. Consonus ; consentaneus ; . consenti- 
ens : congruens rei, or cum .re. To be consistent with 
himsJf; sibi constare That is not consistent with him- 
self; qui abi ipsi non constat, Cic. ; secum ipse discors, 
Liv. ; "discors sibi, Ov. ; sibi non consentiens, Veil. See 

CONSISTENTLY, ad. Convenienter ; congruenter. See 

CONSISTORIAL. a. Quod ad sacrum pontificis concilium 

CONSISTORY, s. Sacrum pontificis concilium. 
To CONSOCIATE. '.'. a. and n. Consociare ; societatem 
facere, coire, inire, Cic. 


CONSOLABLE. a. Consolabilis, Cic. 
CONSOLATION, s. Consolatio ; solatium, Cic A slight 
consolation; consolatio tenuis; solatiolum, Cic. To 
administer consolation; see To CONSOLE. To receive 

consolation ; solatio levari ; consolatione affici ; Cic 

I have now one only consolation ; me nunc una conso- 
latio sustentat, Cic. His grief does not admit of consol- 
ation ; ejusluctus nullo solatio levari potest, Cic What 
consolation can I derive from that ? quid me ista re con- 
solatur ? Cic. A letter of consolation ; consoiatoriae 
litero?, Cic. To be a mutual consolation ; alterum alteri 
esse solatio, Veil. 

CONSOLATOHY. a. Consolatorius ; qui potest levare 
luctum, Cic. 

To CONSOLE, v. a. Aliquem solari, consolari, solatio 
levare, consolatione lenire ; alicui consolationem afferre, 
solatia dare, dolorem abstergere ; Cic Nothing can 
console me ; vincit omnem consolationem dolor meus ; 
luctus meus nullo solatio levari potest ; nulla consola- 
tione permulceri possum, Cic. 

CONSOLE, s. Prothyris, idis, f.; mutulus; ancones, 
um, m. pi. ; Vitr. 

To CONSOLIDATE, v. a. Stabilire ; formare ; Cic. 
To CONSOLIDATE, v. n. Solidescere ; solidari ; Plin. 
See also To UNITE. 

CONSOLIDATION. 5. Confirmatio, Cic. See also UNION. 
CONSONANT, s. Consonans, sc. litera. 
CONSORT, s. Conjux; uxor The royal consort; 
conjux regia ; regina. 

To CONSORT, v. a. and . Alicujus in consuetudinem 
se dare ; cum aliquo societatem coire, inire, conflare, 
facere, Cic. 

CONSPICUOUS, a. I. Obvious to the sight; mani- 
festus ; conspicuus ; perspicuus. II. Eminent, fa- 
mous ; illustris ; notabilis ; spectatus. 

CONSPICUOUSLY, ad. Manifesto ; evidenter ; palam; 
luce palam. 

CONSPIRACY, s. Conspiratio ; conjuratio ; Cic To 
form a conspiracy; conspirationem conflare, Cic 
Conspiracies were formed; coitiones, or consensiones, 
fuctae sunt, Cic. 

CONSPIRATOR, s. Conjuratus. 

To CONSPIRE, v. n. I. To agree together ; cum alio 
conspirare, or concurrere, Cic. II. To plot ; in rem- 
publicam, or in aliquem, conspirare, Cic. ; Suet. ; contra 
rempublicam, contra salutem, or de pernicie, alicujus, 
conjurare, Cic. 

CONSTABLE, s. Curator ; urbanus qucesitor Chief 
constable. ; praefectus. 

(ONSTANCY. s. I. Continuance; continuatio ; per- 
retuus icrum ordo, Cic. II. Perseverance; in re 


incopta perseverantia, Cic. III. Firmness of mind ; 

constantia ; animi firmitas, Cic With constancy ; con- 

stai-ter, constant! animo, Cic To suffer with constancy; 
dolorem toieranter, or sequo animo, pati ; intrepide omnia 
perferre, Sen. Constancy in suffering; patientia 
tolerantia; Cic. IV. Faithfulness ; fides ; fidelitas. 

CONSTANT, a. Perpetual, unceasing ; perpetuus (of 
time) : continens ; continuus (of space). II. Firm 
stcdfast, permanent; constans. To be constant in one's 
purpose; in pvoposito susceptoque consilio permanere, 
Cic. The stars have their constant and regular courses 

stellae cursus certos et constantes habent, Cic Constant 

in a purpose ; tenax propositi ; pertinax. III. Faithful 
fidus ; fidelis. 

CONSTANTLY, ad Continually ; assidue ; pCTnetvio 
sine ulla intermissione ; Cic. II. With firmness or 
constancy of mind ; constanter ; con stanti animo ; Cic. 

CONSTELLATION, s. Signum cceleste; sidus, eris, n. ; 
Cic An unlucky constellation ; signum, or sidus, 

CONSTERNATION, s. Consternatio, Liv, , paver, Cic. ; 
pavpr et consternatip, Liv To be in (a great) conster- 
nation ; eonsternari, Liv.; animo consternari, Caes. ; 
magno timore percelli ; animo concidere, Cic. They 
were all in a consternation; confusus omnes pavor 
occupat, Plin. 

To CONSTIPATE, v. a. I. To condense ; constipare, 
Caes. ; densare ; addensare ; cogere ; comprimere. II. To 
make costive ; alvum adstringere, Cels., cohibere, Plin. 
CONSTIPATION, s. Alvus ad&tricta, or suppressa, Cels. 

CONSTITUENT, a. Ex quo res constat Constituent 

parts ; partes ex quibus res constat, or quaj rem com- 
ponunt, faciunt. 

CONSTITUENT, s. Constitutor Constituents of a 
member of parliament ; qui negotium, or mandatum, de 
ordinando reipublicae statu dant. 

To CONSTITUTE, v. a. I. To compose, make up ; con- 
stituere. II. To establish, settle; constituere; insti- 

CONSTITUTION, s. I. State ; status ; conditio ; con- 
stitutio ; Cic. II. Composition, structure ; cornpositio ; 
structura. III. Temperament; corporis nabitudo, 
habitus, us, or cpnstitutio, Cic. tie is of a good con- 
stitution; est illi corpus bene constitutum, Cic.; est 
optima corporis habitudine, Auct. ad Her. IV. Ordi- 
nance, statute, law ; cpnstitutio, Plin. ; Tac. V. Form 
'>f government ; constituta civitatis description Cic. 

CONSTITUTIONAL, a. I. Relating to constitution of body; 
ad corporis habitum pertinens, spectans ; ex corporis 
labitu, or habitudine. II. Agreeably to the constitution 
of the state; legibus quibus nititur imperium accommo- 

To CONSTRAIN, v. a. Cogere aliquem rem facere, or u 
*aciat, Cic. 

CONSTRAINED, part. a. Coactus ; adactus ;. necessitate 
compulsus, or adstrictus. A constrained air ; minus 
'iber oris et corporis habitus, Suet. 

CONSTRAINT, s. Illata vis ; necessitas.. By con- 
straint ; per vim ; vi ; vi ac necessitate ; coaetu ; Cic 
Without constraint ; sua sponte ; ultro ; non repupnan- 
er, Cic To use constraint; alicui vim inferre, Cic. 

To CONSTRICT or CONSTRINGE. v. a. I. To bind; 
arctius religare, Col. II. To contract into a smalt 
space; contrahere, Cic. \ angustare, Lucan. ; aretare; 
coarctare, Col. III. To cause to shrink The cold 
constricts bodies ; Aquilo corpora spissat, Cic.; see To 


CONSTRICTION, s. Contractio, Cic. 
To CONSTRUCT, v. a. Struere ; exstruere ; aedificare ; 
ic. To construct a house ; domum cpnstruere, Cic 
To construct a temple ; templum exsedificare, Cic. To 
construct a bridge ; pontem in flumine faeere, Cic To 
construct a sentence ; vocabula construere, Cic To- 
construct a sentence harmoniously ; exstruere verba in 
-mmerum ; Cic. : (harshly) ; dure verba struere. Quint. 
CONSTRUCTION, s. I. The act of constructing ; con- 
tructio ; fabricatio ; aedificatio ; fabrica ; Cic. II. (In 
grammar) ; verborum constructio, or structura, Cic. 
II. Meaning, interpretation To put the best con- 
struction on a thing ; see To CONSTRUE. 

To CONSTRUE, v. a. Interpretari ; explanare ; ex- 
ilicare, Cic. To construe favour ably, or unfavourably ; 
n mitiorem, or in malam, partem accipere; grato ani- 
mo, or perverse, perperam, interpretari. 
CONSUBSTANTIAL. a. Consubstantialis, e, Ecel. Writ. 
CONSUL, s. Consul, ulis, Cic Consul for the sixth time; 
extum consul, sextum jam consulatum gerens. To be 

onsul ; eonsulem esse, consulatum gerere, Cic One 

oho has been consul; consularis ; consulatu functus, 
^,ic. Belonging to a consul ; consularis, Cic. 

CONSULATE, CONSULSHIP, s. Consulatus, us, Cic. - To 
nter on the consulship ; consulatum inire, Caes. To go 
~>ut of the consulship ; consulatu abire, Cic. 

To CONSULT, v. a. I. To ask advice of; aliquem de 
e consulere, in consilium adhibere, Cic. To con- 
ult concerning one's scruples ; referre ad aliquem de 
.uibus dubitas, Plin. J. He must consult ; coasuiUt 


opus est, Sail. 1 1. ( Of inanimate objects) To consult 

the books of the Sibyl ; adire libros Sibyllae, Liv. To 
consult one's looking glass ; speculum consulere, Ov. 
To consult one's own interest ; suam fortunam in con- 
silio habere, Curt. III. To take counsel together ; con- 
sultare ; deliberare ; or consultare et deliberare de, Cic. 
To consult with one's self ; cum animo suo deliberare, 

CONSULTATION, s. Consultatio ; deliberatio, Cic. 

To CONSUME, v. a. I. To destroy ; consumere, 

absumere, Cic. II. To waste ; per luxuriam bona sua 

effundere, or effundere atque consumere, Cic To 

consume time in trifles ; tempus nugis consumere, Cic. 

III. To wear out (as a disease) ; consumere, atterere. 

CONSUMER, s. Consumptor ; confector, Cic. 

To CONSUMMATE, v. a. Perficere ; absolvere, Cic. 

CONSUMMATE, a. Perfectus ; absolutus ; cumulatus, 
Cic. A youth of consummate merit ; consummatis- 
simus juvenis, Plin. Consummate prudence ; altissima 
prudentia, Cic. 

CONSUMMATION, s. Perfectio ; absolutio, Cic. He 
has brought the affair to its consummation; negotium 
ad exitum perduxit, Cic. ; ad summam operis rem 
perduxit, Quint. 

CONSUMPTION, s. I. Frequent use; consumptio, 
Cic. II. A disease; consumptio ; lenta tabes, Cic. 

CONSUMPTIVE, a. Tabidus. 

CONTACT, s. Contactus, us. 

CONTAGION, s. 1. Communication of disease ; con- 
tagio, Cic. ; contagium, Virg. II. Contagious diseases 
pestis ; pestilentia, Cic. III. Fig. of Vice ; corruptela, 

CONTAGIOUS, a. Pestilens ; pestifer ; Cic. j contagiosus, 
Cels. Contagious disease ; lues, Cic. 

To CONTAIN, v. a. I. To hold as a vessel; capere ; 
continere, complecti, Cic. II. Fig He was unable to 
contain his joy; taciturn continere gaudium non poterat, 
Liv. III. To contain one's self; se continere, cohi- 
bere, or coercere, Cic. 

To CONTAMINATE, v. a. Commaculare, Cic. ; conta- 
minare ; fcedare ; inquinare. 

CONTAMINATION, s. Labes, Cic. 

To CONTEMN, v. a. See To DESPISE. 

To CONTEMPLATE, v. a. and n. Contemplari ; consi- 
derare, Cic. 

To CONTEMPLATE, v. . Secum meditari. 

CONTEMPLATION. *. Contemplatio ; consideratio, Cic. 

CONTEMPLATIVE, a. Contemplativus, Sen. 

CONTEMPLATOR. s. Contemplatof, Cic. ; fern, con- 
templatrix, Cels. 

CONTEMPORARY, a. JEqualis ; ejusdem aetatis, tem- 
poris ; Cic. ; alicujus sequaevus, Virg. ; suppar, aris, 
Cic My contemporary ; meus aequalis, Cic. 

CONTEMPT, s. Cpntemptio, Cic. ; contemptus, fis, 
Liv. ; despicatio, Cic. ; despectus, us, Quint Con- 
tempt of the world ; humanarum rerum contemptio et 
despicientia, Cic Contempt for a person ; alicujus 
fastidium, Quint To be in contempt; esse despectui, 

Cic To do a thing in contempt of another ; ex asper- 

natione, or in spretionem, alicujus facere, Cic. ; Liv. 

CONTEMPTIBLE, a. Contemnendus ; spernendus ; de- 
spiciendus ; contemptu dignus ; Cic. Very contempt- 
ible ; despicatissimus, contemptissimus ; Cic. 

CONTEMPTIBLY, ad. More contemnendo. 

CONTEMPTUOUS, a. Contemptor, Liv. ; fern, contemp- 
trix, Plin. ; fastidiosus, Cic. 

CONTEMPTUOUSLY, ad. Fastidiose, Cic. ; contemptim, 

To CONTEND, v. n. I. To fight ; certare ; decer- 
tare ; pugnare ; depugnare, Cic (Of armies) ; dimicare. 
prceliari, Cic To contend against ; obluctari ; repug- 
nare. II. Fig. (In argument) ; ratipnibus oppugnare ; 
cum aliquo de re certare ; contra aliquem contendere ; 
contra opinionem ratione pugnare ; Cic. 

CONTENT, a. Contentus, Cic. Content with little ; 
modico contentus, Juv. ; parvo beatus, Hor. To be 
content with one's lot ; suo contentum esse. 

CONTENT, CONTENTMENT, s. Animus contentus et 
sequus ; asquanimitas. 

CONTENTS, (Of a book); summa, Cic. 

To CONTENT, v. a. Alicui satisfacere, or facere 
satis, Cic To content one's self ; contentum esse re, 

CONTENTEDLY, ad. To be expressed by the adjective. 

CONTENTION. *. I. Debate, dispute ; contentio ; 
altercatio ; controversia, Cic. II. Warmth in argu- 
ment. They dispute with a great deal of contention ; 
in disputando pertinaciter utrinque concertant ; magna 
contentione utrinque decertant ; Cic. III. Eager- 
ness, firm application of mind ; animi contentio, inten- 
tio ; vis animi ; acre studium, Cic. 

CONTENTIOUS, a. I. Litigious ; litigiosus ; contro- 
versus, Cic. II. Fond of disputing ; litigiosus, Cic. ; 
pugnax, Caes. , contentiosus, Plin. 

CONTENTIOUSLY. ad. Litigiose ; pertinaciter, Liv. 


CONTERMINOUS, a. Conterminus, Ov. ; finitimus, 


confinis, Plin. Conterminous fields ; agri limitanei ; 

To CONTEST, v. a. Cum aliquo de re contendere, 
litigare, disceptare, concertare, rixari, controversiam 
habere; Cic. 

CONTEST, s. Lis ; rixa ; jurgium ; disccptatio ; 
pugna ; prcelium. 

CONTESTABLE. a. Quod in controversiam vocari po- 
test, Cic. 

CONTEXT, s. Orationis contextus, us. 

CONTEXTURE, s. Contextus, us, Cic. 

CONTIGUITY, s. Continuitas, Plin. 

CONTIGUOUS, a. Immediately touching; rei, or cum 
re, continens Contiguous houses; contiguae domus, 
Ov To build houses contiguous to each other j coa- 
tinuare domos, Sail. 

CONTINENCES. I. Setf-restraint ; continentia, Cic. 
II. Chastity; castitas. 

CONTINENT. *. Continens terra, Varr. ; continens. 

CONTINENT, a. Continens, Ter. 

CONTINGENCY. *. Casus, us ; eventus fortuitus. 

CONTINGENT, a. Fortuitus ; quod casu accidit. 

CONTINGENT, f. The share tliat each has to supply : 
rata pars, Cic.,; rata portio, Plin. 

CONTINGENTLY, ad. Casu ; fortuito. 

CONTINUAL, a. I. Without interruption of space ; 
continuus, Cic. II. Without interruption of time; 
perpetuus ; assiduus. III. Lasting ; permanens ; per- 

CONTINUALLY, ad. Assidue ; perpetuo ; sine ulla 
intermissione ; Cic. 

CONTINUANCE, s. I. Duration ; continuatio ; series ; 
perpetuus rerum ordo ; Cic. II. Abode; commoratio ; 
mansio, Cic. III. Perseverance; in re incepta per- 
severantia, Cic. 

CONTINUATION, s. I. The act of continuing ; con- 
tinuatio. II. The remaining part of a thing already 
begun; complementum. III. Continuation of office ; 
muneris prorogatio, Liv. 

CONTINUATOR. s. Scriptor qui opus ab altero mcocp- 
tum persequitur. 

To CONTINUE, v. n. I. To proceed in an under- 
taking ; pergere, Cic. ; incoeptapersequi. To continue 
one's journey ; iter pergere, Ter. ; ire pergere, Cic. 
II. To persist or persevere ; perstare in incoepto, 
Liv. ; see To PERSEVERE. III. To remain in the 
same slate ; manere. The shower continues ; imber 
non remittit. 

To CONTINUE, v. a. 1. To prolong ; producere ; 
continuare ; perpetuare. To continue the banquet till 
late at night ; convivium ad multam npctem producere, 
Cic. II. To advance further ; continuare ; per sequi, 

CONTINUITY, s. Continuatio, Cic. ; continuitas, Plin. 

To CONTORT, v. a. (One's features); os distor- 
quere, Cic. 

CONTORTION, s. Distortio, Cic. 

CONTOUR, s. I. The limit of a figure ; ambitus, us, 
Cic. II. (Of a circle); linea orbem circumcurrens. 

CONTRABAND, a. (Goods') ; interdicts, or vetitae, mer- 
ces To import contraband goods ; merces vetitas in- 

CONTRACT, s. Pactum ; conventum ; pactio ; con- 
ventio ; Cic. ; eontractus, us ; Ulp. To make a con- 
tract; pactionem facere Marriage contract; conju- 
gales tabulae To make a marriage contract; nuptia- 
lem pactionem facere, Cic. ; nuptias pacisci, Just. 

To CONTRACT, v. a. I. To bring within a narrow 
space, to cause to shrink ; contrahere, Cic. ; angustare, 
Lucan. ; arctare ; coarctare, Col. II. To s hoi-ten ; 
decurtare ; imminuere ; see To SHORTEN. III. To 
make a bargain ; cum aliquo pacisci ; de re pactionem 
facere ; Cic. To contract a marriage ; alligari nup- 
tiis, Cic. IV. To contract a debt ; ass alienum facere, 
contrahere, conflare. To contract a disease ; morbum 
reportare, Cic. ; morbum contrahere, Plin. ; morbum 
concipere, Col. ; in morbum incidere, Cic. To con- 
tract bad habits ; pravos mores imbibere, Cic. 

To CONTRACT, v . n. I. To shrink up, to be nar- 
rowed; string! ; contrahi. II. To bargain; pacisci, 

CONTRACTION. *. I. The act of contracting ; con- 
tractio, Cic. II. (Of the muscles); nerve-rum cou- 
tractio, Plin. III. (In writing) ; scribendi compen 
dium, Cic. ; arctatio, Varr. ; nota, Suet. To write 
with contractions ; notis excipere ; in scribendo com- 
pendiis uti One who writes with contractions; no- 
tarius, Mart. 

CONTRACTOR, s. Redemptor, Cic. ; susceptor, Just. 

To CONTRADICT, v. a. Alicui contradicere, icpug- 
nare, adversari, refragari, Cic. You always contra- 
dict me; mini semper obloqueris, Cic. To contradict 
the truth ; contra veritatem repugnare, Cic. ; contra 
verum niti, Sail. To contradict one's self; secum 
pugnare ; sibi pugnantia loqui ; secum discrepare, Cic. 



He contradicts himsetf; cjus oratio non constat ipsa 
secum, Cic. 

CONTRADICTION, s. I. The act of contradicting ; 
contentio ; ccntroversia, Cic. This matter lias met 
with contradiction; res versatur in contentione et con- 
troversia, Cic. Spirit of contradiction ; pravum con- 
tentionis studium, Cic. II. Contrariety of terms or 
propositions ; discrepantia ; repugnantla, Cic You 
fall into a contradiction ; pugnantia loqueris, Cic 
These things imply a contradiction ; haec secum, or inter 
se, pugnant, Cic. III. Opposition, obstacle ; oppositio, 
onis, f., Sen. 

CONTRADICTORILY, ad. Centrario ac pugnante sensu. 

Things opposed contradictorily ; disjuncta maxime et 
contraria, Cic. 

CONTRADICTORY, a. Secum pugnans ; a se discrepans, 
Cic You utter contradictory statements ; secum pug- 
nantia loqueris, Cic. 



CONTRARIETY, s. Repugnantia ; discrepantia, Cic 
Contrariety of sentiments ; dissidentia, Plin. 


CONTRARIWISE, ad. Contra. 

CONTRARY, a. I. Opposed to; contrarius ; adversus, 
Cic. ; pugnans ; repugnans Vice is contrary to virtue ; 
vitium et virtus inter se pugnant, Cic. Motions con- 
trary to reason ; aversi a ratione motus, Cic To be of 
a contrary opinion ; seorsum ab aliquo sentire, Plant. 
My opinions are often contrary to his ; saepius ab eo dis- 
sentio, Cic. II. Disadvantageous, hurtful ; adversus ; 
alienus ; ab re alicujus A contrary wind ; reflatus, us, 
Cic The wind being contrary ; vento prohibente, Ov. 

Things very contrary to a man's interest ; res alienis- 
simae rationibus alicujus. III. Hostile; contrarius ; 
adversus ; inimicus ; oppositus ; infensus ; infestus ; Cic. 

To be contrary to one ; alicui adversari, Cic. 
CONTRA P.Y. s, Contrarium. To maintain the con- 
trary ; contradicere, Cic. On the contrary ; contra ; 
e contrario, Cic. ; contrario, Nep These are miser- 
able, those on the contrary are. happy; hi sunt miseri, 
illi contra beati, Cic I say nothing to the contrary ; in 
contrariam partem nihil affero, Cic. 

CONTRARY, CONTRARILY. ad. Aliter, secus. / spoke 
contrary to what I felt ; dixi secus ac sentiebam, Cic. 
He writes quite contrary to what he thinks ; aliter scribit 
ac sentit, Cic. 

CONTRAST, s. Discrepantia. Contrast of the passions 
of different figures in a group ; diversorum aft'ectuum in 
personis adumbratio. Contrast of attitudes ; dissimilis 
habitus, us. Contrast of colours; pugnantes inter se 
colores. Contrast of opinions ; pugnantes sententiae, 
Plin. J. Contrast of characters ; naturae morumque 

dissimilitude ; pugnantia et contraria studia, Cic What 

a contrast between these two persons! quam dispares 
sunt eorum mores, quam disparia studia ! Cic. 

To CONTRAST, v. a. Dissimilitudines rerum inter se 

To CONTRAST, v. n. i. e. To be in contrast ivith ; dis- 
crepare, Cic. 

CONTRAVALLATION. s. Fossre arccndis obsesSis cir- 

To CONTRAVENE, v. a. Adversus aliquid pugnare 
To contravene the laws ; leges violare, perfringere, 

perrumpcre, Cic To contravene a treaty ; fcedus 

violare, Cic To contravene one's promise; promissis 
non stare, promissa non servare, Cic. 

To CONTRIBUTE, v. a. and . I. To pay one's 
share ; contribuere ; conferre, Cic. To contribute one's 
money ; pecuniam in, or ad, rem conferre, Cic. II. To 
assist in the promotion of any thing; adjuvare. To 
contribute to a victory ; adjumento esse ad victoriam, 
Cic To contribute with all one's power to the elevation 
of another ; omnem operam et studium ad amplitudinem 
alterius conferre, Cic. This contributes to my glory ; 
liaec res mini valet ad gloriam, Cic One who contributes 
to the glory of another ; adjutor honoris alterius, Cic. 
Literature contributes to the happiness of life ; literae 
adjuvant ad bene beateque vivendum, Cic. Nothing 
contributed to set off' the beauty of the person ; nihil ipsi 
erat adjumenti ad pulchritudhiem, Ter. 

CONTRIBUTION/ s. I. Money contributed by each 
person ; collata pecunia. Relating or belonging to a 
contribution ; collatitius, Sen. II. Tribute levied on 
a country; pacta cum hoste, or imperata ab hoste, 
pecunia. To put a country under contribution ; regioni 
tributum imponere, Caes. 

CONTRIBUTOR, s. Qui confert, &c. 

CONTRITE, a. Qui peccasse ex animp dolet He is 
contrite ; suae eum culpae ex animo pcenitet. 

CONTRITION, s. Acerbus animi dolor peccati causa, ex 
amore Dei profectus. To feel a lively contrition; pec- 
cata toto animo dolere ac detestari. 

CONTRIVANCE, s. I. The act of contriving ; inventio ; 
excogitatio. II. The thing contrived ; inventum ; ars; 
machina, Cic. Contrivances for getting money ; omnes 
pecuniae viae, Cic. III. A scheme, project; consilium ; 

cogitatum, Cic To execute one's contrivances ; cogitata 
perficere, Cic. 

To CONTRIVE, v. a. Machinari ; architectari ; invenire ; 
reperire ; excogitare ; Cic. 

To CONTRIVE, v. n. Hem animo agitare, or meditari. 

CONTRIVER, s. Repertor ; inventor ; excogitator ; Cic. ; 
fern, inventrix, Cic. : (in a bad sense) ; machinator ; 
fabricator ; artifex. 

CONTROL, s. I. A sort of register ; advers.-e rationibus 
rationes. \\.Restraint; frenum To keep under 
control; arete contenteque habere, Plaut He exercises 
too strict control over his children ; arctius liberos con- 
tinet, Cic. 

To CONTROL, v. a. I. To keep in check by a counter 
reckoning ; rem in commentaries, or in acta, referre. 
II. To restrain; coercere; cohibere ; refrenare ; Cic. 

CONTROVERSIAL, a. Ad controversial!! pertincns ; quod 
in controversiam vocari potest. 

CONTROVERSY, s. Controversial, Cic Religious con- 
troversy ; de rebus ad fldem pertinentibus disceptatio 
Without controversy ; sine controversia ; controversia 
hujus rei nulla est ; Cic. 

To CONTROVERT, v. a. In controversiam vocare ; con- 
troversiam habere ; Cic. 

CONTROVERTIBLE. a. Quod refutari potest 

CONTUMACIOUS, a. Contumax ; pertinax ; pervicax. 

CONTUMACIOUSLY, ad. Contumaciter ; pertinaciter 
pervicaciter, Liv. 

CONTUMACY, s. Contumacia; pertinacia; pervicacia, 

CONTUMELIOUS, a. Contumeliosus ; injuriosus, Cic 

Contumelious 'words ; contumeliarum aculei, Cic 

To utter contumelious^ language ; alicui contumeliam 
dicere, Liv. 

CONTUMELIOUSLY. ad. Contumeliose, Cic. 

CONTUMELY, s. Contumelia, Cic. ; convicium ; male 
dictum. To treat ivith contumely ; aliquem contumeliii, 
or ignominia, afficere ; in aliquem contumeliam jacere ; 

To CONTUSE, v.a. Sugillare, Plin. ; plagis contundere ; 
foedare pugnis. 

CONTUSION, s* Contusio, Cels. ; sugillatio, Plin. 

CONVALESCENCE, s. Ab segritudine recreatio, Plin. 
Perfect convalescence : confirmata a morbo valetudo, 

CONVALESCENT, a. Convalescens, ex morbo con- 
valescens, or recreatus, Cic. To be convalescent ; con- 
valescere, Cic. 

To CONVENE, v. a. Convocare ; citare ; ciere ; con- 
ventum indicere. 

To CONVENE, v. n. Convenire ; congregari ; coire. 

CONVENIENCE. 5. I. Fitness for a purpose; see 
FITNESS. II. Comfort; commodum ; commoditas. 
To seek one's convenience; vitae commoditates jucundi- 
tatesque consectari, Cic When it suits your conve- 
nience ; cum erit tuum commodum ; cum per commodum 

CONVENIENT, a. I. Decent ; conveniens, Cic. ; quod 
decet, Cic. II. Fit ; commodus ; aptus ; accommodatus ; 
opportunus ; with dative, or ad and accusative A con- 
venient house to dwell in; domus ad habitandum per- 

CONVENIENTLY, ad. Apte ; convenienter ; congruenter ; 

CONVENT, s. Monasterium ; ccenobium ; Cell. 

CONVENTICLE, s. Conventiculum, Tac. 

CONVENTION, s. I. An assembly; see ASSEMBLY. 
II. Agreement; conventum ; pactum; pactio; Cic. 

CONVENTIONAL, a. Pactitius. 

To CONVERGE, v. n. In unum coire. 

CONVERGENT, a. (Lines) ; lineae in unum coeuntes. 

CONVERGENCE. s. Status linearum in unum coeuntium. 

CONVERSANT, a. In re versatus, exercitus, exercitatus, 
Cic Very conversant with naval affairs ; in maritimis 

rebus exercitatissimus, Cic Conversant with law ; 

longo juris usu exercitus, Cic. Conversant with the 
ancient authors ; in veteribus scriptis studiose ac mul- 
tum volutatus, Cic. ; in nos.cendis veteribus scriptis per- 
quam exercitus. 

CONVERSATION, s. I. Familiar discourse ; familians 
cum aliquo sermo, congressus, us, congressio, f., Cic To 
enter into conversation; in alicujus congressum et col- 
loquium venire ; cum aliquo congredi, Cic A man of 

agreeable conversation; amcenissimi sermonis homo, 
Hor. These things demand a long conversation ; multi 
sermonis ista sunt, Cic The conversation flags ; sermo 

friget, Ter., moritur, Cic To be the subject of common 

conversation ; venire in sermonem omnium ; sermonis 
ansas dare, Cic. II. Behaviour, moral conduct'; 
vivendi ratio ; consuetude ; mores. 


To CONVERSE, v. n. Cum aliquo confabulari, Plaut. j 
communi sermonis consuetudine uti, Cses. 

CONVERSELY, ad. E contrario. 

CONVERSION, s. I. Change of substances ; rerum 
conversio, or mutatio. II. Moral change ; morum 
emendatio ; vitia emendata virtutibus, Nep. Conversion 


from Paganism to Christianity; ab inanium numinum 
cultu ad Christianam religionem transitus, us. 

CONVERT, s. Qui, quae, a.b Ethaicorum castris ad 
Christiana sacra transivit. 

To CONVERT, v. a. I. To change substances ; rem 
in aliam convertere, Cic. II. To cause to change for the 
Letter ; aliquem ad bonam frugem revocare ; a licentiori 
vita ad emendatiorem traducere ; Cic. III. To bring to 
a better faith To convert Pagans ; Ethnicos a falsorum 
numinum cultu revocare ; a pravis opinionibus ad fidem 
Christianam reducere. IV. To cause a man to change 
his opinion ; de sententia deducere ; ad sententiam per- 
ducere ; Cic. 

To CONVERT, v. n. or To BE CONVERTED. I. To be 
changed into a different substance ; in aliud se convertere, 
Cic To be converted into stone; lapidescere, Plaut. 
The exhalations are converted into clouds ; anhelitus 
se in nubes induunt, Cic. II. To become moral; ad 
meliorem frugem se recipere ; emergere et ad bonam 
frugem se recipere ; morum mutationem facere, Cic. 
III. To embrace Christianity; Christo nomen dare. 

CONVERTIBLE, a. Qui converti potest. 

CONVEX, a. Gibbus ; gibbosus. 

CONVEXITY, s. Exterior globi superficies. 

To CONVEY, v. a. I. To carry; ferre, pontare 

To be conveyed to a place ; portari in locum To con- 
vey in a carriage ; vehere, Cic. ; devehere, Plaut. To 
convey by water ; navibus supportare, Cic. To convey 
corn into a town; frumentum in oppidum importare, 
Ca;s. To convey water into a citadel; comportare 
aquam. in arcem, Caes To convey the hand to the mouth ; 
manum ori, or ad os, admovere, Cic. To convey to 
another the sentiments of an assembly or body ; verba 
apud aliquem ordinis nomine facere. II. To transmit 
or cause to be carried ; mittere ; see To SEND. III. 
To make over one's right to another ; jus suum cedere 
alteri, Virg. IV. To convey into, to introduce ; in- 
ferre ; introferre, Cic. V. To convey one's setf to a 
place ; aliquo se conferre, Cic. 

CONVEYANCE, s. I. The act of conveying ; asporta- 
tio; deportatio ; exportatio; translatio ; Cic. Convey- 
ance by carriages ; evectus ; invectus, us;evectio; ad- 
vectio, Plin. II. A vehicle or carriage ; see VEHICLE, 
CARRIAGE. III. (In law) ; Cession of rights ; tran- 
scriptio, Cic. 

CONVEYANCER, s. Libellio, Varr. ; tabellio, Ulp. ; 
tabularius, Tac. 

To CONVICT, v. a. To prove guilty ; CQwyncere. 
To convict of theft ; furti, or furti crimine, aliqtieTn, or 
furtum alicujus, convincere, Cic. ; aliquem furti tenere, 

CONVICT or CONVICTED, part. a. Convictus crimini- 

bus, Cic Convicted of many crimes ; multorum male- 

ficiorum cpnvictus, Auct. ad Her Convicted by his 

own conscience ; convictus conscientia, Cic Convicted 
vf falsehood; mendacii manifestus, Sail To be con- 
victed by one's own confession; sua confessione indui, 
Cic. . 

CONVICT, s. Maleficio, or crimine, compertus, Cic. 

CONVICTION, s. I. Detection of guilt ; convictio. 
II. Full persuasion I entertain a full conviction; 
compertum et exploratum habeo, Cic. 

To CONVINCE, v. a. ConTincere ; certa aliqua ratione 
animum -expugnare, Cic. To convict a man from his 
own admission ; aliquem sua confessione jugulare, Cic. 

CONVINCED, part. a. Persuasus, Cic. / am con- 
vinced of it ; id mihi exploratum est ; illud exploratum 
habeo ; Cic. / am convinced of your innocence ; con- 
stat mihi de innocentiatua.Cic. You have been convinced 
of my affection by trial ; cepisti affectus nostri experi- 
mentum, Plin. 

CONVINCING, part. a. Ad persuadendum efficax, or 
accommqdatus, Cic A convincing proof ; fortis et in- 
yicta ratio, Cic. Proof which is not convincing ; res 
infirma ad probandum, Cic. 

CONVINCINGLY, ad. Manifesto. 

CONVIVIAL, a. Convivalis ; jucundus ; jocosus. 

CONVOCATION, s. I. The act of convoking; convo- 
catio, Cic. II. Meeting of clergy ; concilium; syno- 
dus, i, f. 

To CONVOKE. v. a. Convocare, Cic. ; conventus in- 
dicere, Liv To convoke an assembly ; convocare 
ccetum, Cic To convoke the senate ; senatum cogere, 

CONVOLVULUS. *. A plant; convolvulus, Plin. 

To CONVOY, v. a. Prassidii, or custodiae, causa co- 

CONVOY, s. I. Attendance by way of defence ; prae- 
,.sidium, Cic A ship acting as convoy ; navis pracsidi- 
aria, Caes. II. The thing convoyed; commeatus, us. 

To conduct a convoy ; commeatum subvehere, Liv 

To intercept the convoys; commeatus intercipere, Hirt. ; 
hostes commeatibus, or hojstihus commeatum, interclu- 
dero, Cic. ; Caes. 

CONVOYED, part. a. Comitatus. 

To CONVULSE, v. a. Agitare, Cic. 

CONVULSION, s. Involuntary affection of the nerves; 


convulsio, Plin. ; nervorum distentio, Cels., contractlo, 
Plin. ; spasma, atis ; spasmus. Plin. 

CONVULSIVE, a. A convulsive motion ; motus spas- 
ticus, Plin. ; motus e nervorum contractione abortus. 

To Coo. v. n. (As a dove or turtle) ; raucum, or 
querulum, sonum edere. 

COOK. s. Coquus, Cic A female cook; coqua, 

Plaut. ; conviviorum conditor instructorque, Cic A good 

cook ; scitus convivator, Liv A bad cook ; nundinalis 
coquus, Plaut. A cook's shop; popina. 

To COOK. v. a. Coquere, Plaut. ; concoquere, Varr. 

To cook thoroughly ; percoquere, Plaut.; excoquere, 

Col To cook over again ; recoquere, Plin To reduce 

to a third, a fourth, part by cooking ; ad tertias, ad quar- 
tas, decoquere, Plin Requiring to be cooked; coctivus, 
Plin. _ Easily cooked ; coctibilis, e. 

To COOK. v. n. Coquinare, Plaut. To go to cook ; 
coquinatum ire, Plaut. 

COOKERY, s. The art of cooking; ars coquinaria 

To understand cookery ; artem coquiuariam perfecte 

COOK-MAID. *. Coqua, Plaut. 

COOK-ROOM, s. ( In a ship) ; culina. 

COOL. a. I. Frigidus, Sen. II. Fig. Without pas- 
sion; tranquillus ; quietus ; placidus ; sedatus ; Cic. 
III. Fig. Lukewarm, without ardour ; tepidus, Ov. 
IV. Impudent; see IMPUDENT. 

COOL. s. Frigus, oris. To court the cool; frigus 

captare, Virg. ; umbras et frigora captare The cool of 

the fountains; fontium gelidas perennitates, Cic. 

To COOL. v. a. I. To make cool ; refrigerare, Cic. 

To cool wine in snow ; refrigerare vinum vitro demis- 

sum in nives, Plin One who cools ; refrigerator ; fern. 

refrigeratrix , Plin To cool what is very hot ; nimios 
ardores restinguere, compescere. II. Fig. To cause 
an abatement of ardour ; ardor em animi restinguere, 

To COOL. v. n. I. To grow colder ; frigescere ; re- 

frigescere, Col. ; inalgescere, Cels The weather coots ; 

remittit, or frangit, se calor, Cic. II. To abate one' g 
ardour; refrigescere, Ter His rage has cooled ; ira 
deferbuit, Cic To cool in one's zeal; se remittere, Cic. ; 
elanguescere, Liv. 

COOLER, s. I. That which has the power of cooling 
the body; quod refrigerat ; pi. refrigerantia. II. A 
vessel in which liquors are made cool; vas in quo liquores 

COOLLY, ad. I. Without discomposure ; tranquille, 
placide; placate; sedate ; Cic. II. Impudently ; see 

COOLNESS, s. See COOL, COLD. There is a little 
coolness between us i aliquid de nostra conjunctione im- 
minutum est, Cic. 

COOM. s. I. Soot that gathers over an oven's mouth; 
fuligo, Cic. II. Grease which works otit of the wheels 
of carriages; curulis axungia. 

COOP. s. I. A barrel; cadus, i, m., Plin. II. A 
cage for poultry ; saginarium, Varr. 

To COOP UP. v. a. Aliquem in carcerem, or in car- 
cere, arctius includere ; in vinculis et custodia coercere, 

COOPER, s. Doliarius, Plin. ; doliorum factor, Pallad. 

COOPERAGE, s. Doliaria ars. 

To CO-OPERATE, v. n. Mutuam in opus operam con 
ferre ; alicujus in re adjutorem esse ; Cic. 

CO-OPERATION, s. Mutuae operae collatio ; mutua 
opera ; Cic. 

CO-OPERATOR, s. Rei efficiendae adjutor, fern, adju- 
trix, Cic. ; laboris particeps, Cic. 

COOT. s. I A water-fowl; fulica, Virg.; fulix, 
Cic. II. Fig.; see FOOL. 

COPARTNER, s. Consociatus ; societate conjunctus 

Copartner in the empire ; imperil consors, socius, Cic., 

comes, Sen Copartner in labour ; socius consorsque 

laboris, Cic Copartners (in plural) ; quos inter so- 
cietas est. 


COPE. s. Trabea ; vestis pluvialis. 

To COPE WITH. v. n. Obluctari. See To CONTEND. 

COPIER or COPYIST, s. I. Librarius, Cic. ; libellio, 

Stat A little copier; librariolus, i, m., Cic. II. 

Fig. ; plagiarius. Mart Copier of another's manners ,- 
simia, Cic. 

COPING, s. (In architecture) ; fastigium, Cic. ; cul- 
men, Liv (Of a wall); lorica; operis pars superior; 
coronis, idis, f. ; Cic. 

COPIOUS, a. Copiosus ; uberrimus ; abundans ; Cfc. 

COPIOUSLY, ad. I. Plentifully ; copiose ; uberrime ; 
ubertim ; abundanter ; Cic. II. Completely. He has 
spoken copiously of the matter ; de re ample, or copiose, 
et abundanter locutus est To speak copiously ; fuse 
lateque dicere, Cic. 

COPIOUSNESS, s. Copia ; affluentia ; abundantia. 

COPPER. . I. A metal; aes Cyprium ; cuprum; 
Plin. A copper vessel; vas cupreum, Plin. II. A 
large vessel for boiling in ; cortina, Ov. ; caldarium, 
Vitr. ; ahenum, Ov. 


COPPER-COLOURED, a. Cupri colorem referens. 

COPPERAS, s. Chalcanthum, Plin. 

COPPERPLATE, s. Tabula aenea. 

COPPERSMITH, s. Lebetum faber ; aerarius, Plin. 

COPPICE or COPSE, s. Caedua silva, Col. 

To COPULATE, v. n. Coire. 

COPULATION, s. Coitio. 

COPULATIVE, a. (In grammar); connexiyus, Cell. 

COPY. s. I. A transcript from an original; apo- 
graphum, Cic. ; exemplar, aris, n., Cic. II. An indi- 
vidual book ; liber; libellus. III. An original from 
which any thing is copied; exemplar, aris, n. ; exem- 

To COPY. v. a. and w. I. To transcribe; exscri- 
bere ; transeribere ; Cic. II. To imitate (a painting) 
picturam ex altera, or tabulam pingendo, exprimere. 
To copy badly ; ab archetypo labi et decidere, Plin. 
III. To imitate a person] aliquem sibi ad imitandum 
proponere, Cic. 

COPY-BOOK, s. Exemplar. 

COPYHOLD, s. (A law term,) Prasdium beneficiarium 
vel clientare, tenura per copiam rotuli curiae. 

COPYHOLDER. . Cliens To be copyholder of an- 
other; beneficiarium clientem esse alicujus. 

To COQUET, v.n. Amatoriis nugis indulgere, Cic. 
(In speaking of men); adrepere muliercularum animis, 
Tac. : (of women) ; venari viros, Phasdr. 

COQUETRY. 5. Lenociuium ; amatoria levitas ; Cic. ; 
immodica placendi cupido, Col. 

COQUETTE. *-. Mulier illiberaliter festiva, Ter. ; viris 
placendi studiosa, Ov. 

CORAL, s. Curalium, Ov. ; coralium ; corallum ; Sil. 
Ital. ; corallium ; gorgonia, se, f. ; Plin. 

CORALLINE, a. Corallinus. 

CORD. s. I. Funiculus, Cic. ; resticula, Varr. 
II. A measure of wood for fuel ; caudicis secti mensura ; 
strucs lignorum. 

To CORD. v. a. Colligare. See To BIND. 

CORDAGE, s. Nautici funes, pi. ; rudeutes, um, pi. ; 
funium apparatus, us. 

CORDED, a. Colligatus. 

CORDIAL, s. Potio cardiaca. 

CORDIAL, a. I. Invigorating; cordi utilis, or aux- 
ilians, Plin. II. Affectionate ; ex animo ac vere ; sin- 

CORDIALITY, s. Verus amor ; summa voluntas ; sin- 
gularis benevolentia. 

CORDIALLY, ad. Ex animo ; summa voluntate ; sum- 
mo studio ; toto pectore ; Cic. 

CORDMAKER. s. Restiarius, Fest. ; restio, onis, 

CORDON, s. (In fortification) ; muri corona, Vitr. 

CORDWAINER. s. Sutor calcearius. 

COKE. s. Medius, a, um, agreeing with the noun 
which is in the genitive case in English. 

CORIACEOUS, a. Coriaseus,' a, um, Apul, ; e corio fac- 
tus, a, um. 

CORIANDER. 5. Coriandrum, i, n., Plin. 

CORK. *. I. A tree; suber, eris, n., Plin. II. 
The bark of the same ; cortex, Liv. ; Virg. ; Hor. ; Col. ; 
suber, Virg. III. A stopple for bottles ; suber ; cortex, 
Hor. IV. Made of cork ; subereus, a, um, Col. 

To CORK. v. a. Suber, corticem, immittere. 

CORMORANT, s. Corvus aquaticus ; phalacrocorax ; 

CORN. s. Frumentum Standing corn; seges, etis, 

f, Cic. To be distressed by scarcity of corn ; re frumen- 
taria laborare, Caes. Indian corn ; sesama, 32, f., Plin. ; 
sesamum, Col. 

CORN. s. Excrescence on the foot ; clavus, Cels. ; 

To CORN. v. a. i. e. To salts sale aspergere, Col., or 
inspergere, Cato. 

COUNCHANDI.ER. s. Frumentarius, Plaut. ; negotiator 
frumentarius, Plin. 

CORNEL, s. I. A tree ; cornus, i, f, Vitr. ; cornus, 
us, f Made of cornel ; corneus A plantation of cor- 
nels ; cornctum. II. The fruit, cornel-cherry; cor- 
num, Hor. 

CORNELIAN, s. A precious stone; onyx; corneola ; 
sanla, *, f., Plin. 

CORNER, s. I. An angle; angulus Corner of the 
eye ; hirquus, Plin To look out of the corner of one's 
eye; limis (sc. oculis) aspectare, Ter Corners of a 
table; mensae cornua, n. pi. Not to move from the 
chimney-corner ; apud carbones assidere, Plaut. II. 
A nook, retreat ; secessus ; recessus, us Find out a 
snug corner for me ; angulum inilii eligas. III. A 
lurking-hole ; latebra ; Jatibulum. 

CORNER-STONE, s. Lapis angularis. 

CORNET, s. I. A musical instrument; musicum 
cornu. One who plays the cornet ; cornicen, Liv. 
II. An officer of horse ; vexillarius eques. III. A 
woman's head-dress; linea calantica, 02, f. IV. ,4 
cornet of paper ; papyraceus cucullus ; involucrum. 

CORN-FlBfcD. s. Seges, etis, f. 

CORNFLOWER, s. Cyanus, Plin. 


CORN-MILL, s. Moletrina, Cato ; pistrinum, Ter. 

CORN-ROSE, s. Erraticum papaver, Plin. 

CORN-SALAD, s. Valerianella, x, f. 

CORNICE, s. (In architecture) ; corona, a?, f., Vitr. 

CORNUCOPIA, s. Copia? cornu ; cornucopia ; Plaut. 

COROLLARY, s. Consequence of a demonstration; co- 
rollarium, Varr. : consectarium, Cic. 


CORONATION, s. Coronae impositio ; regis inaugu- 

CORONER. *. Caedis queesitor. 

CORONET, s. Corolla, Propert. 

CORPORAL, s. Optio, qui excubias collocat et reducit ; 
manipularis ; decurio. 

CORPORAL, a. Corporeus, Cic.; corporalis, Sen 

Corporal punishment ; animadversio in corpus. 

CORPORALLY, ad. In corpore ; (corporaliter, Pe- 

CORPORATION, s. Collegium. 

CORPOREAL, a. Corporeus, Cic. 

CORPS, s. Agmen, inis, n. 

CORPSE, s. Cadaver, eris, n., Cic. ; corpus anima cas- 
sum, Virg. ; corpus exanime, Quint. 

CORPULENCE or CORPULENCY, s. Corpulentia, Plin. 

CORPULENT, a. Corpulentus, a,, um, Col. 

CORPUSCLE, s. Corpusculum ; atomus, i, f., Cic. 

CORPUSCULAR, a. Quod ad atomorum motum pertinet. 

To CORRECT, v. a. I. To amend; corrigere; emen- 
dare ; castigare ; rei correctionem adhibere, Cic. To 
correct a work thoroughly ; opus acerrime emendare, 
Plin. J. To correct the faults of transcribers; libra- 
riorum menda tollere, Cic To correct one's natural 

defects; superare naturae impedimenta, Cic A fault 

which may be corrected ; error emendabilis. II. To 
chastise, punish; in aliquem animadvertere, Cic. ; see 
To PUNISH. III. To destroy noxious qualities by the 
addition of something else ; temperare, Virg To cor- 
rect the acidity of fruit ; durum pomi saporem domare, 

CORRECT, a. I. Freed from mistakes ; emendatus ; 
expurgatus, Cic. ; castigatus, Hor. ; mendis carens, OT. 

A correct style ; accurata oratio, Cic. II. Strict (of 
persons) ; severus ; exactus, Plin. ( Accuratus is not 
used with reference to persons.) 

CORRECTION, s. I. Act of amending; correctio; 
emendatio ; Cic. II. Punishment; animadversio. 
A fault deserving correction ; facinus animadvertendum, 
Ter Under correction; pace, or bona venia tua, di- 
cam ; honor sit auribus ; or, honor auribus sit habitus ; 
Curt. ; venia sit dicto, Plin. 

CORRECTIVE, a. Quod corrigit, &c. 

CORRECTIVE, s. Temperamenturn. A corrective of 
harsh language ; verborum mitigatio, Auct. ad Her. 

CORRECTLY, ad. I. According to rule ; emendate, 
Cic To speak correctly; loqui pure, Cic., ad regu- 
am, Quint. II. Truly ; vere. 

CORRECTNESS, s. To be ex-pressed by the adjectives. 

CORRECTOR, s. I. One who corrects; corrector; 
emendator; fern, emendatrix, Cic. II. A chastiser ; 
irgator, Plaut. ; castigator ; (punitor, Val. Max.). 
III. A corrector of the press ; corrector ; emendator. 

CORRELATIVE, a. Qui, quae, quod, alter! respondet. 

CORRELATIVENESS. s. Convenientia, Cic. 

To CORRESPOND, v.n. I. To answer to, to be in 
keeping with ; respondere, Cic. A gallery which corre- 
sponds to the palace ; porticus quae palatio respondet, Cic. 

Corresponding houses ; aedes inter se adversae, Plin. 

II. To agree with; congruere ; consentire. III. 
To interchange letters ; cum altero per literas saepissime 
colloqui, Cic. 

CORRESPONDENCE, s. I. The act of corresponding ; 
commercium ; mutua negotiorum ratio. II. Inter- 
change of letters ; familiare per literas colloquium 
They have been in correspondence ; inter eos fuerant com- 
mercia literarum, Veil. III. Agreement; congruitas ; 

CORRESPONDENT, a. Congruens Correspondent 
'ines ; lineae inter se respondentes. 

CORRESPONDENT, s. I. One who exchanges letters ; 
qui cum altero per literas colloquitur, Cic. II. An 
agent ; negotiorum alterius procurator. 

CORRIDOR, s. I. (In architecture) ; usus pervius, 
Virg. ; circuitio, Vitr. II. (In fortification) ; via prop- 
er tbssam terreo aggere tecta. 

CORRIGIBLE, a. Emendabilis, Liv. 

CORRIVAL. s. Corrivalis, Quint. Decl. ; competitor, 

To CORROBORATE, v. a. Corroborare ; roborare ; Cic. 

CORROBORATIVE, a. Qui, quae, quod, corroborat, or 
vires adjicit. 

To CORRODE, v. a. Corrodere, Cic. 

CORRODIBLE or CoRROsiBLE. a. Qui, quae, quod, cor- 
odi potest. 

CORROSION, s. Rosio, onis, f., Plin. 

CORROSIVE, a. Exedens, Cic. ; rodens, Cels. 

To CORRUGATE, v. a. Cutem adducere, Ov. ; cutem in 
ugas replicare, Plin. ; Cato ; rugas inducerc, Tibull. 


To corrugate the forehead ; frontem corrugare, Plaut., 
contrahere, Cic., astringere, Sen. 

To CORRUPT, v. a. I. To infect ; corrumpere, Cic. ; 
vitiare, PJin. II. Fig., To injure the morals; aliquem 
corrumpere, depravare, Cic. ; mores pervertere, Nep. 
III. To bribe; alicujus fidem labefacere, Suet.; 
fidem pretio labefactare, Cic. To corrupt a judge ; jus 
adulterare pecunia; judicem largitione corrumpere ; Cic 

He wishes to corrupt me beforehand ; donis cupit mi 
praacorrumpere, Ov. 

To CORRUPT, v. n. Corrumpi, Ter. ; vitiari Th 

fish are corrupting ; pisces corrumpuntur, Ter., alien 
antur, Cels. The fruits corrupt; fructus putescunt. 

^CORRUPT, a. I. Spoiled ; corruptus ; vitiatus, Lucr. 
Cic. Corrupt blood; insincerus cruor, Virg. II 

Falsified A corrupt record; corrupta tabula, Cic. 

III. Depraved in morals ; corruptus; depravatus ; Cic 

Corrupt manners; mores pravi, corrupti, perditi, Cic 

IV. Bribed. A corrupt judge ; judex nummarius 

CORRUPTER. s. Corruptor, Cic. ; fern, corruptrix 

Cic A cot -rupter of youth ; juventutis corruptela, Ter 

CORRUPTIBILITY, s. Natura in quam corruptio cadit 

CORRUPTIBLE, a. Corruption! obnoxius ; dissolubilis 

caducus, Cic. 

CORRUPTION or CORRUPTNESS, s. I. Decomposition, 
corruptio, Cic. II. Depravation of morals; morum 
corruptela, Cic. 

CORRUPTLY, ad. Corrupte; depravate ; mendose ; vi- 

CORSAIR, s. Praedo maritimus Corsair chief: ar- 

chipirata, Cic. 
CORSLET, s. Levis lorica. 

CORTICATED, a. Corticatus, Col. ; corticosus, Plin. 
CORUSCANT. a. Coruscans ; coruscus ; rutilans. 
CORUSCATION, s. Fulgur ; (coruscatio, Solin.). 
COSMETIC, a. Ad cutem leniendam et laavigandam 

COSMOGONY, s. De mundi fabricatione commentum. 
COSMOGRAPHER. s. Qui mundum describit. 
COSMOGRAPHICAL. a. Ad descriptionem mundi per- 

COSMOGRAPHY, s. Mundi descriptio. 
COSMOPOLITE, s Totius orbis civis. 
COST. s. I. Price; pretium. II. Expense ; surnp- 
tus, us ; impensa ; impendium ; Cic Costs of a law- 
suit ; litis impendia To subject one to costs ; sumpti- 
bus litis aliquem obnoxium reddere. 
COSTIVE, a. Cui alvus est adstrictior, or conquiescit, 

Cels.; or, dura moratur, Hor To be costive ; diffi- 

cillime excernere, Plin. 

COSTIVENESS. 5. Alvus adstricta, or suppressa. 
COSTLINESS, s. Sumptuosa magnificentia, Cic. 
COSTLY, a. I. Dear ; carus, pretiosus ; Plin. 
II. Sumptuous ; sumptuosus, Cic. 
COT or COTTAGE, s. Casa ; tugurium ; Cic. ; casula, 

Plin A sheep-cot; ovile, is, n. ; caula, Virg. 

COTT. s. (A sea-term.) Pensilis lectus. 
COTTAGER or COTTER, s. Paganus ; qui in casa, tn- 
gurio, habitat. 

COTTON, s. I. The plant; gossipium ; xilnm ; 
Plin Of the cotton plant; xilinus, Plin. II. The 
slvff; gossipii, or xili, lanugo, Plin Cotton-thread; 
xilinum, Plin. 

COUCH, s. I. Cubile ; stratum ; lectus. II. A 
kind of sofa ; torus, i, m. 

To COUCH, v . n. Cubare ; procumbere. 
To COUCH, -a. a. I. To comprise ; comprehendere ; 
complecti. II. To operate upon the eye ; leucoma de- 
trahere, evolvere. 

COUCHANT. a. Cubans ; recubans ; Virg. ; recumbens, 

COUCHGRASS. s. Gramen, Plin. 

COUGH, s. Tussis, Ter. A slight cough ; tussicula, 
Plin A dry cough ; tussis sicca, q use nihil emollitur, 
Cels. To irritate a cough ; tussim exasperare, Plin 
To bring a cough ; tusses concoquere. 

To COUGH, v. n. Tussire, Mart. To make to cough ; 
tussim movere, Caes. 

COULTER, s. Aratri culter, Plin. ; dentale, Virg. 
COUNCIL. 5. Concilium, Cic Privy council; con- 
cilium sanctius, or secretius Council of state ; conci- 
lium de rebus ad imperium pertinentibus Council of 
war ; concilium militare To summon a council ; con- 
cilium convocare, Cic. To admit a person into a coun- 
cil ; aliquem in concilium advocare, Cic To hold a 

council ; concilium inire, habere, Cic. 

COUNSEL, s. I. Advice ; consilium. Violent coun- 
sel ; consilium acrius, Tac Moderate counsel; con- 
silium lene, Hor. II. Deliberation; consilium It is 
for you to take counsel on what you are to do ; vestrum 
consilium est, quid vobis sit faciendum. III. Apian 
or scheme advised; consilium. IV. An. advocate; 
causidicus ; patronus ; actor ; Cic. ; actor causarum, 
Quint. A chamber counsel; responsor, Hor. To 


choose for counsel ; aliquem patronum adoptare ; de- 

feiisionem suam ad patronura deferre, Cic To be the 

counsel of a party ; causam pro aliquo dicere, Cic / 

was counsel in that cause ; huic causa; patronus exstiti, 
Cic. The opinion of counsel; jurisconsultorum re- 
sponsa, orum, n. pi., Cic. 

To COUNSEL, v. a. Consilium alicui dare, afferre, Cic. 
To counsel a man to do a thing ; rem alicui suadere, 

Cic 1 counsel you to; tibi sum auctor, ut, Plaut 

He first counselled him to surrender ; deditionis ipse 
suasor et auctor fuit, Cic. 

COUNSELLOR. s. I. One who advises ; consiliarius ; 
suasor ; Cic. You were the counsellor of my expe- 
dition ; fuisti suasor et impulsor profectionis meae, Cic. ; 
see To COUNSEL, v . a. II. A confidant; alicujus con - 
siliis intimus, Ter. ; qui consiliorum alterius est par- 
ticeps, Cic.; see CONFIDANT,*. III. A king's ad- 
viser; regi a consiliis. IV. An advocates see COUN- 
SEL, s. 

COUNT, s. I. Reckoning; ratio. II. A nobleman; 
comes, itis, m. III. PI., Charges in an indictment; 
accusationis capita, urn, n. pi. 

To COUNT, v. a. I. To number; numerare ; an- 
numerare ; dinumerare ; Cic To count money ; nu- 
merare nummos, or pecuniam : (to another) ; alicui To 

count the prisoners ; captivos, Liv., or captivorum nu- 
merum, Col., recensere. II. To calculate ; rationes 
subducere, or inire, Cic. To count over again ; cal- 
culum reducere, Hor To count with the fingers ; com- 
putare digitis, Hor. ; see To CALCULATE, and To 
RECKON. III. To esteem, value To count as nothing ; 
pro nihilo ducere ; nullo modo habere ; Cic To count 
a thing as lost ; habere rem in perditis ac desperatis, 

To COUNT UPON. v. a. Confidere rei, re, in re. 
COUNTENANCE, s. I. Vultus, us, Cic. ; habitus oris et 
vultus, Plin. To put on a bold countenance ; nobilcm 

audaciam prae se ferre, or adhibere, Cic To put on a 

woful countenance ; habitum dolentis induere, Tac 

You may guess from his counttnance ; ex ejus vultu 
judicare licet. His countenance falls ; non vultus, 
non color, ei cpnstat, Liv He did not change coun- 
tenance ; nihil in vultu habituque mutatum, Ter. II. 
Encouragement ; praaeidium, Cic. ; tutela, Liv. ; clien- 
tela, Cic. 

To COUNTENANCE, t;. a. Favere ; indulgere ; aspi- 

COUNTER. *. I. A table to count money on ; mensa. 

II. A round piece to count with ; calculus, Cic To 

reckon with counters ; rationem putare calculis. 


To COUNTERACT. v. a. Reprimere. 

To COUNTERBALANCE, v. a. Rem cum altera compen- 
D are ; aequare ; adaequare ; Cic To counterbalance the 
evil by the good; mala bonis repensare, Veil. 

COUNTERCHANGE. s. Commutatio, onis, f. 

To COUNTERFEIT, v. a. I. To imitate; imitando 

exprimere, or consequi, Cic. ; imitando effingere To 

counterfeit better than another; multo similius imi- 
;ari, Phaedr He counterfeits him completely ; hunc per- 
fecte reddit. To counterfeit the step ; incessum expri- 
nere, Ov. To counterfeit the manners; mores aduin- 
brare, Curt.; Plin. To counterfeit a hand-writing ; 

chirographum imitari, or imitando adulterare, Cic To 

counterfeit coin ,; adulterinos nummos cudere. II. To 

use to pass for. To counterfeit sickness ; aegrum simu- 
are, Liv. To counterfeit insanity ; furere se siinulare, 
Cic To counterfeit sleep ; somnum mentrri, Petr. 

COUNTERFEIT, s. Res adulterina ; adulterina imitatio. 

COUNTERFEIT, a. Fictus ; adulteratus ; simulatus ; 
mentitus ; imitatione simulatus ; Cic Counterfeit coin} 
nummi adulteri, m. pi., Cic. 

COUNTERFEITER, s. Adulterator, Ulp Counterfeiter 
if coin ; qui adulterinos nummos cudit. 

To COUNTERMAND, v. a. Mandatum contrario man- 
dato irritum facere. 

To COUNTERMARCH, v.n. Iter convertere, Caes.; 
odem reversionem facere, Plaut. 

COUNTERMARCH, s. I. Different march from one 
Irst proposed; iter institute itineri contrarium. II. 
A march back to the same place ; regressus, us, Cic. 
To order a countermarch ; milites jubere iter relegere, 
Stat., or regredi. 

COUNTERMARK, s. Altera nota priori addita. 

To COUNTERMARK, v. a. Alteram priori notae notam 

COUNTERMINE, s. Specus contra hostium specus, 
Vitr. ; contrarius, or adversus, cuniculus, Strad. 

To COUNTERMINE, v. a. Transversis cuniculis hostium 
uniculos excipere, Liv. 

COUNTERMURE. s. Murus muro appositus, Vitr. 

ictum. See COVERLET. 

COUNTERPLOT, s. Opposita fraudi fraus. 

To COUNTERPLOT, v. a. Fraudi fraudem opponere. 

To COUNTERPOISE, v. a. Rem pondere aeqnare ; esse 
antidem ponderis. 


COUNTERPOISON. *. Antidotus, i, f., Cell. ; antldotum. 
i, n., Plin. 

COUNTERSCARP, s. Fossae declivis crepido ; crepidinis 
decli vitas. 

To COUNTERSIGN, v. a. Chirographum opposite chi- 
rographo firmare. 

COUNTER-TENOR, s. (In music); symphoniae sonus 
alter ab acutissimo Counter-tenor singer ; gracilium 
ab acuto partium cantor. 

COUNTER-TICKET, s. (At a theatre) ; altera scenae tes- 
sera, ae, f. 

COUNTESS, s. Comes, itis,f. ; comitissa, ae, f. 
COUNTLESS, a. Innumerabilis, Cic. ; innumerus, Cic. ; 
Virg. ; Ov. 

COUNTRY, s. I. A region; regio ; tractus.fts ; era; 
Cic From one country to another ; regionatim, Liv. 
The people of that country ; illius cardinis populi, 
Flor. II. (As opposed to Town) ; rus, ruris, n., Cic 
To live in the country ; ruri vitam agere, Tac. ; rure 
habitare, Cic. To go into the country ; ire rus, Cic. 
To spend some time in the country ; rusticari, Cic. To 
return from the country ; rure redire, or venire, Cic. 
A lover of the country ; ruris amator, Hor. III. One's 
native land; patria; patriae eolum ; natale solum 
Belonging to one's native country ; patrius, Cic Love 
of one's country; patriaj caritas, Cic. To renounce 
one's country ; patriam exuere, Tac. 
COUNTRY-DANCE, s. Chorea levior. 
COUNTRY-HOUSE, s. Villa ; praedium ; Cic. ; villula ; 
praediolum; Cic. 

COUNTRY-LIFE, s. Rusticana vita, Cic. 
COUNTRYMAN, s. One who lives in the country ; rure 
habitans ; ruris incola; rusticanus vir ; Cic. A'fellow 
countryman ; popularis ;civis, Cic. ; conterraneus,.Plin. 
COUNTRY-PARSON. . Curio rusticus. 
COUNTY, s. Comitatus, us. 

COUPLE, s. I. A brace. A couple of eggs ; bina ova, 
n. pi . A couple of oxen ; bourn jugum, Cic A couple of] 

pigeons ; columbarum par, Ov A couple of friends ; 

par amicorum. A married couple ; conjuges. 
To COUPLE, v. a. Copulare ; copula constringere. 
COUPLET, s. Cantiuncula, 32, f. 

Great courage ; magnanimitas ; fortitude ; animi mag- 
nitude, or firmitas, Cic To have courage ; fortem ani- 
.mum habere; esse magno fortique animo; Cic. To 
cause a man's courage to fail ; animum frangere ac de- 
bilitare, Cic. They lose courage ; cadunt animi, Ov. 
To inspire with courage ; alicui animos addere, or ex- 
suscitare ; alicujus animum erigere. To take courage ; 
animum erigere, Cic., or sumere, Quint. ; animum re- 
cipere, Cic. 

COURAGEOUS, a. Fortis ; animosus ; magnanimus. 
COURAGEOUSLY, ad. Fortiter ; strenue ; animose ; 

forti animo; Cic To defend one's self courageously y 

acri animo se defendere, Cic. 

COURIER. *. Prodromus ; antecursor ; precursor ; 

COURSE, s. I. Career; cursus, us, Cic. II. Pro- 
gress ; iter ; cursus, us. III. Channel of a river ; flumi- 
num cursus, us, Cic A river that has taken another 
course ; in alium cursum contortus et deflexus amnis, Cic. 
To change the course of a river; flumenderivare, Plaut., 
avertere, Cic To take its course under ground ; alte 
conditum meare, Plin. The course of the Sadne is so 
gentle that ; Arar tarn incredibili lenitate fluit, ut, Caes. 
IV. Race-ground; curriculum, Cic. (For foot races) ; 
stadium, Cic (For horse races) ; hippodromus, Piin. 
V. A ship's direction; cursus, us. VI. Order of 
succession; ordo ; series. VII. A line of study. Course 
of philosophy ; philosophicum stadium. He has gone 
through a course of philosophy ; philosophicum stadium 
decurrit, or emensus est. VIII. Manner of proceed- 
ing ; agenda ratio. IX. Manner of life or conduct; 
mos ; ratio vitae. X. Succession of dishes at table ; 
ferculum, Suet. First, second, third, course; prima, 
altera, tertia, ccena, Mart To give a supper with three 

courses ; ccenam ternis ferculis praebere, Suet. XI 

Of course, as a matter of course ; ut mos est ; ut moris 
est ; Cic. ; Hor. ; ile more, Virg. 

To COURSE, v. a. Leporem venari, Cic., sectari, 

COURSER, s. Equus bellator. 

COURT, s. I. An inclosed space ; area, Plin. Court 
surrounded with buildings ; cavaedium, Plin. II. A 

prince's residence; aula, Cic Attached to the court; 

aulicus. To be well at court; in aula pulcherrime 
stare; gratiosum esse apud principem ; Cic. III. 

he suite of the prince; regius comitatus, us. His 
court is not so numerous as that of the emperor ; minor 
salutantium numerus ad eum confluit, quam ad impera- 

>rem. IV. A place where justice is administered ; 
curia, Cic. A lower court; curia inferior. V. The 
judges ; judices, urn, pi. VI. The endeavour to please; 
(potentU) cultura, Hor. To make one's court to a 
prince ; apud regem officia dcxtre obire, Liv. ; assiduis 
obaequUi regem colere ; see To COURT. 


To COURT, v. a. I. To seek favour ; ambire, Cic. 
To court the great ; circumvolitare potentiorum limina, 
Col To court any one ; alicujus gratiam aucupari, 
Cic. To court a rich man; alicujus fortunam adulari, 
Cic To neglect to court ; in aliquo colendo indormire, 
Cic. II. To pay one's addresses to a woman ; puellam 
sibi in uxorem poscere, Plaut., or expetere, Ter. ; puellaa 
connubium, or virginis conjugium, petere, Virg. ; Ov. ; 
filiam uxorem sibi poscere, Phaedr. III. To solicit; 
see To SOLICIT, and To INVITE. 

COURT-CHAPLAIN, s. Sacerdos regi ; principi a sacro 

COURTEOUS, a. Comis ; urbanus ; urbanitate perpo- 
litus, Cic Courteous reader ; lector benevole. 

COURTEOUSLY, ad. Cojniter ; urbane ; Cic. 

COURTEOUSNESS. s. Comitas ; urbanitas ; humanitas 


COURTIER, s. I. A member of the king's court; 
aulicus. II. Fig., An insincere professor of friendship; 
qui gratiam aucupatur, Cic. 

COURTINE. s. (In fortification) ; aggeris inter duo pro- 
pugnacula frons. 




COURT-MINION, s. Regi gratiosus ; qui apud princrpem 
maxima est in gratia, or gratia plurimum potest. 


COURT-YARD, s. Area. 

COUSIN, s. PI. Children of two brothers ; patrueles, 
um, m. pi., Ov.'; patrueles fratres, Cic He is my 
cousin; meus est patruelis. In the fern., soror pa- 
truelis ; pi. sorores patrueles PL Children of two sis- 
ters ; consobrini ; sing, consobrinus ; fern, .consobrina. 

Children of the brother, and children of the sister ; 
amitini ; fern, amitinae. Distant cousins ; sobrini ; 
fern, sobrinae. 

COVE. s. I. A small bay; augustior sinus, us. 
II. Shelter; see SHELTER. 

COVENANT, s. Pactum ; conventum ; " pactio ; con- 
ventio ; Cic. ; contractus, us, Ulp. 

To COVENANT, v. n. Cum aliquo pacisci, or transi- 
gere ; de re pactionem facere ; Cic. 

COVENANTER, s. Fcederatus, Cic. 

COVER, s. I. Any thing put over another ; tegmen ; 
tegumen ; opertorium, Sen. ; operimentum, Plin Cover 

of a book ; tegmen Cover of a couch ; stragulum ; 

stragula vestis ; Cic. ; toral, alis, n., Hor Cover of a 
well ; puteal, alis, n., Cic. II. Pretext; involucrum, 
Cic. ; obtentus, us, Liv. Under cover of religion; sub 
specie, sub umbra, religionis, Cic. III. Shelter; tec- 
turn, Cic. Want of cover ; tecti inopia, Cic. 

To COVER, v. a. I. TV put one thing over another ; 
rem tegere ; operire ; Cic. ; cooperire, Liv To cover 
shields with skins ; scuta pellibus induere, Caes. To 
cover walls with pictures; parietes tabulis vestire, Cic. 

( With sculpture) ; parietibus crustas marmoris indu- 
cere, Vitr. To cover a gallery with planks ; lignis por- 
ticum integere, Caes Matter to serve for covering; 
tegula, Cic. ; tegulum, Plin. II. To put on in quantities. 

To cover with sand ; arena cooperire To cover the 
ground with flowers ; humum floribus, or humi flores, 

struere, Hor To cover with leaves ; foliis supervestire, 

Plin To cover the sea with ships ; mare navibus con- 

tegere To cover a man with glory ; alicui gloriam 

parare, Cic. To cover a man with shame ; alicui pu- 
dorem incutere, Hor. III. To dress with a garment; 

vestire To cover with something ; re vestire, Cic. 

IV. To veil, hide; velare ; velum rei praetendere ; te- 
gere; occultare; abdere ; abscondere ; Cic Darkness 
covers the earth; obscura cceli umbra terram premit, 
Curt. To cover one's flight; fugam occultare, Caes. 
To be covered, or to cover one's self, to put a covering on 
the head ; caput operire. 

COVERING, s. I. That which is put over any thing; 
tegmen; tegumen; opertorium, Sen.; tegumentum ; 
operimentum, Plin. 1 1. Dress; vestis ; vestimentum -, 
vestitus, us ; Cic Outer covering ; involucrum ; in- 
tegumentum ; Liv. 

COVERLET, s. Stragulum ; stragula vestis ; Cic, ; toral, 
alis, n., Hor. ; lodix, Juv. ; lodicula, Suet. 

COVKRT. s. I. Shelter; tectum (From the wea- 
ther) ; locus ab aeris injuria defensus, or tutus, Cic. ; locus 
ventis subductus, Plin. ; locus noxio afflatu carens, Plin. ; 
imbris, venti, or solis, suffugium, Plin. Under covert 
of a wall ; muro protectus. To be under covert ; esse 
in tuto, Liv. ; see SHELTER. II. A thicket in which 
beasts hide themselves ; cubile ; latibulum ; Cic. 

COVERT, a. I. Sheltered (from the cold) ; a frigore 
tectus, Cic., or defensus, Virg. II. Hidden, secret; 
tectus ; occultus j arcanus Covert hatred ; compressum 
et taciturn odium, Cic. Covert grief; reconditus et 
penitus abstrusus animi dolor, Cic. Covert designs; 
clandestina consilia, Cic. 

COVERTLY, ad. Clandestine, Plaut. ; clam ; secreto ; 
occulte ; arcane ; Col. ; remotis arbitris, Cic. 


To COVET, t'. a. Avide expetere, or appetcre ; cupi- 
ditatis oculos ad rem adjiccre ; cupiditate rei teneri, 
ardere, or flagrare, Cic. 

COVETABLE. a. Optandus ; exoptandus ; expetendus ; 
optabilis ; Cic. 

COVETOUS, a. I. Desirous of any thing ; rei ap- 
petens, or cupidus, Cic. II. Greedy of gain ; avidus; 
cupidus ; Cic. ; avidus divitias parandi, Ov. ; gazis 
innians, Sen Covetous of honours ; in appetendis 
honoribus immodicus, Veil. To be covetous of honour ; 
sitire honores, Cic. 

COVETOUSLY, ad. Avide; cupide; sitienter; Cic. 

COVETOUSNESS. s. Cupiditas, aviditas ; Cic (Of mo- 
ney) ; avaritia ; divitiarum aviditas ; Cic. ; auri fames, 
Virg. ; sordes, pi., Cic. ; pecuniae inamia, Veil. 

COVEY, s. I. A hatch ; pullatio ; pullities ; pulli 
una incubatione exclusi. II. A number of birds ; 
grex avium volantium. Covey of partridges ; perdicum 

Cow. s. Vacca ; bos A young cow ; bucula, Cic. ; 

vaccula, Plin. A lean and dry cow ; exsiccior vacca, 
Varr A barren cow; taura, Col.; vacca sterilis, 
Virg. A cow that has never calved; junix, Pers. ; ju- 

venca, Virg. ; vitula, Varr A good cow for breeding ; 

bos feturas habilis, Virg A cow ivith calf; horda, 
Varr A cow that has brought forth a calf; vacca feta, 

Virg A milch cow ; lactaria bos Of or belonging to 

a cow ; bubulus ; vaccinus ; Plin. Cow's milk ; bu- 
bulum, or vaccinum, lac, Plin Cow-dung; bubulum, 
or vaccinum, stercus ; vaccinum fimum, Plin. ; vaccinus 

fimus Cow -herd ; bubulcus, Virg.; bourn custos. 

To be a cow-herd; bubulcitari, Plaut. ; boves pascere, 

To Cow. v. a. Alicui terrorem injicere, or metum 
incutere ; aliquem timore afficere, or percellere ; Cic. 

COWARD, s. Ignavus; timidus; Cic. j meticulosus, 

COWARDICE, a. Ignavia ; timiditas ; Cic. 

COWARDLY, a. I. Timorous ; ignavus ; timidus ; 
Cic. ; meticulosus, Plin. II. Befitting a coward; 
turpis ; fcedus ; pudendus ; Cic. 

COWARDLY, ad. I. Timorously ; ignave ; timide ; 
Cic. II. Basely, meanly; ignominiose ; turpiter: 

To COWER, v. n. Procidere ; se incurvare. 

COW-HOUSE, s. Bubile; Col. 

COW-KEEPER. *. Bubulcus, Virg. ; bourn custos. 

COWL. s. Cucullus, Juv. ; cucullio, Cato. 

COWSLIP, s. Primula veris. 

COXCOMB, s. Fatuui, Cic. ; qui se suaque nimium 
amat A bit of a coxcomb ; subinsulsus, Cic To 
make a man a coxcomb ; aliquem infatuare, Cic To 
play the coxcomb ; fatuari, Sen. 

COXCOMBRY, s. Fatuitas, Cic. ; ineptus sui suorum- 
que omnium amor. 

COY. a. I. Modest; modestus ; Cic. II. Reserved; 
circumspectus, Quint. 

COYLY, ad. Modeste ; moderate ; considerate ; Cic. ; 
circumspectius, Quint. 

COYNESS, s. Modestia ; considerantia ; moderatio ; 
circumspectio ; Cic. 

To COZEN, r;. a. I. To impose upon, deceive ; ali- 
cui imponere, or fucum facere ; aliquem fallere, or de- 
cipere ; aliquem in errorem, or in captionem, inducere ; 
ahquem in fraudem impellere, Cic. II. To make sport 
of; aliquem lepide ludificari, Ter. ; alicui illudere, Cic. 
I have cozened him pretty well ; eum lusi jocose satis, 

COZENAGE, s. Fraus ; dolus ; fallacia ; Cic. 

COZENER, s. Veterator ; insignis fraudum artifex ; 
Cic. ; fraudulentus ; vafer, Cic. 

CRAB. s. J.. A shellfish; cancer. II. A wild 
apple } malum sylvestre. III. A morose man ; moro- 
sus; difficilis; tetricus. IV. A sign in the Zodiac; 
Cancer. V. An engine ; capreolus, Col. 

CRABBED, a. I. Morose, peevish ; indocilis ; intrac- 
tabilis ; Cic. ; Sen. ; pervicax ; pertinax ; morosus ; 
difficilis; tetricus. II. Disagreeable; ingratus ; inju- 
cundus ; Cic. ; gravis ; molestus ; acerbus ; Cic His 
style is crabbed; aliquid injucunditatis habet ipsius 
oratio, Cic. A crabbed style ; aspera oratio, Cic. 
III. Difficult; implicatus ; intricatus ; Plaut.; per- 
plexus, Liv A crabbed mind ; obscurum et implicatum 
mgenium A crabbed question ; res controversiis unpli- 
cata ; involuta obscuritate causa. 

CRABBEDLY. ad. I. Harshly; dure ; duriter ; as- 
pere; Ter. II. With difficulty ; implicite ; contorte ; 

CRABBEDNESS. s. I. Sourness of taste ; asperitas ; 
acerbitas; aspredo, Cels. II. Morosencss of manners, 
or speech ; morum, or orationis, asperitas, Liv. ; (ver- 
borum) acerbitas, Cic. 

CRACK, s. I. Sound of a thing cracking; crepitus, 
us, Cic. II. Any quick sound ; fragor, Cic. III. A 
chink; rima; rimula, Cels. 

To CRACK, v. a. To break into chinks; findere; 
diffindcre. To crack a man's skull; caput aperire, Juv. 


To crack jokes y jocos agitare, Ov. ; joca agere, Sail- 

To crack a joke ; jocum movere, Sail. 

To CRACK, v. n. I. To utter a loud noise ; cre- 
pare, Hor To make one's fingers crack ; concrepare 
digitis, Cic. ; articulos infringere, Quint. II. To open 

in chinks ; rimas agere, Cic. ; rimas capere, Plin The 

ground cracks with heat; teira hiat aestubus, Col 

The cold makes the stones crack ; dissiliunt frigore lapi- 
des. III. Toboajst; see To BOAST. 

CRACK-BRAINED, a. Stultus ; insanus ; mente captus ; 
demens ; amens ; vesanus ; Cic. ; furiosus ; male sanu* ; 

CRACK-HEMP or CRACK-ROPE. *. Furcifer ; dierectus ; 
trifurcifer, Plaut. 

To CRACKLE, v. n. Crepitare, Virg. ; Plin A 

crackling torch ; stridula fax, Ov Crackling of laurel 
leaves in the fire ; crepitus, us, Cic. 

CRACKNEL, s. Crustulum. 

CRADLE, s. Cunse ; cunabula ; incunabula, n. pi., 
Cic. From one's cradle; a cunabulis, Cic. ; ab incuna- 
bulis, Liv. ; a primis annis, Cic. ; usque a cunabulis, 

To CRADLE, v. a. I. To put into a cradle; in 
cunabulis ponere. II. To rock in a cradle ; in fan tern 
in cunis versare One who rocks a cradle ; cunarum 
motor, Mart. 

CRAFT, s. I. A manual trade ; ars A low craft ; 
ars sordida, humilis, Cic. To exercise one's craft; in 
arte versari ; artum factitare, or colere, Cic. ; artem 
exercere, Hor. II. Cunning; Fraus; artificium; 

doli, pi. ; Cic. III. A small vessel; navis depressior, 
or humilis, Caes. ; navicula. 

CRAFTILY, ad. I. Skilfully ; artificiose ; affabre; 
solerter ; Industrie ; Cic. ; solerti manu, Tibull. II. 
Cunningly ; astute ; subdole ; vafre ; veteratorie ; Cic. 

CRAFTINESS, s. Dolus ; calliditas ; astus, us ; astu- 
tia ; fallacia ; Cic To use craftiness ; astutiam insti- 
tuere, Plaut. ; dolum et machinam ad rem commoliri,Cic. 

CRAFTSMAN, s. Artifex; opifex A cunning crafts- 
man ; probus artifex, Ter. 

CRAFTY, a. Astutus ; subdolus ; Plaut. ; versutus ; 
cautus; callidus ; Cic.; fraudi inapertus, Sil. Ital. 

CRAG. 5. Rupes, Caes. ; petra, Curt. ; scopulus, Cic. ; 
saxum, Virg. ; prerupta saxa, Cic. ; dirupta rupes, Liv. 

CRAGQED or CRAGGY, a. Scaber, Ov. ; scabrosus ; 
salebrosus ; Virg Craggy places ; aspreta, pi., Liv.; 
aspera loca, pi., Cat*. ; salebras, Mart. ; solum inequale, 

CRAGGEDNESS or CRAGGINESS. a. (Viarum) aspe- 
ritas, Cic. 

To CRAM. v. a. I. To stuff"; aliquid re, or rei, nn- 
plere, or rcplere, Cic.; opplere, Liv. II. To fill with 
food; ventrem farcire, Sen To cram poultry ; avem 
farcire, or opimare, Col. III. To thrust in by force ; 
demittere ; deprimere ; Plin. ; Col. 

To CRAM. v. n. Cibis se ingurgitare, Ck. ; vino 
epulisque obrui, Nep. 

CRAMP, s. I. A spasm ; manuum pedumve brevis, 
sed cum dolore, contractio. II. A hinder ; see 
HINDERANCE. III. A piece of iron to join two bodies; 
ferrea fibula, Care. ; ferrea ansa, Vitr. 

To CRAMP, v . a. I. To pain with cramp* ; con- 
torquere; convellere. II. To obstruct; moram afferre. 
III. To fasten with cramps; fibulare rem, Col.; 
fibula constringere. 

CRAMPED, part. a. Arctatus We are cramped in 

this lodging ; in his aedibus anguste habitamus 

Cramped style; contortum dicendi genus, Cic To have 
a cramped style; anguste dicere, Cic. 

CRAMP-IRON, s. Ferrea fibula, or ansa, Cses. ,- Vitr. 

CRAMP-FISH, s. Torpedo, Cic. 

CRANE, s. I. A kind of bird; grus, Cic A young 

crane ; yipio, Plin. II. A machine for raising weights f 
grus, Vitr. III. A crookedpipe to draw liquors out of 
a cask; siphon, onis, m., Juv. ; siphunculus, Plin. 

CRANK, s. I. (In machines) ; manubrium versatile. 
11. A winding passage ; diverticulum, Ter. ; flexus, 
Cic. ; anfractus, us ; circuitio, C&s. 

CRANNIED, a. Rimas agens, Cic.; rimarum plemis, 
Ter.: rimosus, Col Fields crannied with drought; 
biulca siti arva, Virg. 

CRANNY, s. Rima; fissum, Cic.; fissura, Col A 

small cranny; rimula, Col. 

CRAPE, s. Pannus bombycinus tenuis et crispus. 
Crape as mourning ; luctus insigne. 

CRAPULENCE. s. Crapula, Cic. 

CRAPULOUS, a. Ganeo, Ter. ; vino lustrisque confec- 
tus, Cic. 

To CRASH, v. n. Crepare, Hor. ; crepitare, Ph'n. 

To CRASH, v. a. Effringere, Plaut. ; confringere, Cic. 

CRASH, s. Fragor, Virg. ; ruinae sonitus, Hor 

With a crash; fragose, Plin. ; cum ingenti fragore, Curt. 
To fall with a crash ; ruinam cum sonitu trahere, 


CRATCH, s. Pra?sepe, Virg.; prasepium, Varr.j 
pra-sepis, Col. (Falisca, Cato, doubtfuL) 



CRAVAT. 4, Caesicium cpllo circumvoiutum. 

To CKAVB. v. a. Ab aliquo flagitare, or efflagitare ; 
tnajorem in modura petere ab alimo atque contendere, 
ut, Cic. 

CRAVEN, s. i. e. A coward ; ignavus ; timidus ; Cic. ; 
meticujosus, PVin. 

CRAVING, s. Immoderata cupiditas, Cic A craving 
for glory ; infinita glorias aviditas, Cic. A craving for 
the town ; mirum desiderium urbis, Cic. 

To CRAUNCH. v. a. Dentibus crepitare, Plaut., or 

stridere, Cels The teeth meet in craunching ; arietant 

inter se dentes, PI in. 

CRAW. s. Ingluvies, Col. 

CRAWFISH or CRAYFISH, s. Astacus, Plin. River 
crawfish ; astacus fluvialis. Sea crawfish ; astacus 
marinus. Shell of the crawfish ; crusta, Plin. Claws 
qf the crawfish; chelae, Plin Extremities of the claws; 
denticulate forcipeE, Plin. 

CRAWL. *. Piscaria, Varr. ; ostrearium. 

To CRAWL, v. n. I. To creep ; repere, Plant. ; 
reptare, Plin The act of crawling; reptatus, us, Plin. 

To crawl along the ground; humi, or per humum, 
serpere, Cic. II. To move slowly ; tarde, or lente, in- 
gredi, or iter facere ; lento gradu procedere ; Cic. 

CRAWLER. 5. Animal repens, Lucr. ; pi., serpentes 
bestiae, Cic. 

CRAYON, s. I. A sort of pencil; graphium, Ov. ; 
color tritus et in pastillum figuratus. II. A drawing 
with crayon ; granrmica deformatio, Vitr. ; linearis 
adumbratio ; primae lineas ; Quint Red crayon ; ru- 
brica, Hor. 

To CRAZE, v. a. I. To break ; see To BREAK. 
II. To pulverise ; in pulverem redigere, or extenuare, 
Plin., or resolvere, Col. III. To turn the brain; 
aliquem ad insaniam adigere. 

CRAZINESS or CRAZEDNESS. s. I. (Of the body) ; in- 
firmitas ; imbecillitas, Cic. II. (Of the mind) ; animi 
imbecillitas, Cic. 

CRAZY, a. I. Weak ; caducus ; fragilis : Cic A 
crazy house ; caduca domus ; ruinosae aedes; Cic. II. 
Weak in mind ; stultus ; insanus ; mente captus ; de- 
mens ; amens ; Cic. 

To CREAK, v. n. The door creaks ; cardo stridet. or 
stridorem reddit. 

CREAM, s. Lactis spuma pinguior The cream of a 

thing ; quod eximium est. 

To CREAM, v. n. Spumas agere. 

To CREAM, v. a. I. To sit m ; see To SKIM. 
II. Fig., To take the best part of; succum subtilissimum 

CREASE, s. Sinus, us, Virg. ; ruga, Plin A garment 
full of creases ; rugosa, or sinuosa, vestis, Plin. 

To CREASE, v, n. Rugare, Plaut See how his gown 
creases ; vide palliolum ut rugat, Plaut. 

To CREATE, v. a. I. To call into being; rem ex 

nihilo creare, procreare, efficere, conflcere, Cic God 

hath created the world; Deus mundum eft'ecit, condidit, 
construxit, fabricatus, or molitus, est, Cic. To create 
one a magistrate; magistratum creare, Cic. II. To 
produce by invention ; invenire. 

CREATION, s. I. The act of creating ; creatio, Cic. 

Creation of the world ; mundi fabricatio, molitio, 
efftectio, Cic Since the creation; aprima mundi ori- 
gine, Virg. ; ab aevo condito, Plin. 1 1. The sum of 
things created ; res a Deo effectae,, condita; procreatae. 

III. Election; magistratuum creatio Cic. IV. 
Work of imagination ; opus excogitatum. 

CREATIVE, a. Qui creat, &c. 

CREATOR, s. Creator ; fern, creatrix. The Creator 
Of the world ; Creator ; mundi procreator, artifex, opifex, 
architectus, Cic. ; summus rerum conditor Fig. ; rei 
primus auctor. 

CREATURE, s. I. A thing created ; res creata 

The creatures of God; res a Deo effects, conditae, pro- 
creata;. A dumb creature; bestia. II. One who 
looks to another for advancement; cliens ; alicujus obse- 
quio addictus, Cic. 

CREDENCE, s. Fides, Cic. Author worthy of cre- 
dence ; certus, locuples, luculentus, idoneus, auctor, Cic. 

To give credotee to a thing; rei fidem adj linger e, 

CREDENTIALS, s. Literae commendatitiae, Cic. 

CREDIBILITY, s. Argumenta quibus animus ad cre- 
dendum inclinatur, Liv. 

CREDIBLE, a. Credibilis ; fide dignus ; Cic. A cre- 
dible person ; plenus fidei, Cic. To make one's sey cre- 
dible ; fidem sibi praestruere, Liv To make a thing 

credibly rei fidem facere, Cic. 

CREDIBLY, ad. Credibiliter, Cic. 

CREDIT, s. I. Belief} fides, Cic. ; see CREDENCE. 

_ II. Reputation ; existiraatio To be in great credit ; 

:istim,it\one florere, Cic. A man in great credit; 

homo magnae existimationis, or magni pretii, Cic. To 

bring a thing into credit ; rem in honorem adducere, 

III. Trust reposed ; fides. To sell upon credit; 

absenti pecunia vendere. To buy upon credit; pecunia 

non numerata, sed obstricta tantum fide, emere. Lost 


credit ; affecta fides, Tac To have good credit; re 
sua fide emere. To have no credit; nullam fidem 

habere, Cic Loss of credit ; fidei lapsus, us, Plin . 

His credit is sinking ; fides eum deficere coepit, Cic. 

This merchant has lost his credit ; hie mercator fidem 
consumpsit, Sail. The credit of the merchants is gone ; 
fides mercatorum concidit, Cic To destroy a man's 

credit; mercatori fidem abrpgare, Plaut To save a 

man's credit ; debitoris existimationem tueri, Cas. 

IV. Authority; auctoritas ; gratia; pondus To be in 

credit with another ; apud aliquem gratia valere, maxima 
gratia esse, or pondus nabere, Cic. 

To CREDIT, v. a. Rei fidem adjungere ; rem credere ; 
Cic. To credit a person's testimony; alicujus testi- 
monio fidem adhibere, tribuere, Cic. / credit this on 
your assertion; credo tibi hoc, Ter. 

CREDITABLE, a. I. Respectable ; honestus. II. 
That reflects honour upon one ; honorificus. That was 
highly creditable to you ; magnam consecutus es gloriam ; 
illud tibi magnae gloriae fuit; ista tibi immortalem 
gloriam dederunt ; Cic This is creditable to htm ; hoc 
illi est honorificum, or honori et glorias. 

CREDITABLY, ad. Gloriose ; bene et laudabiliter. 

CREDITOR, s. Creditor, Cic. ; fern, creditrix, Paul. 
Jet To cheat one's creditors; creditores fraudare, Cic. 

CREDULITY, s. Credulitas, Cic. ; credendi temeritas, 

CREDULOUS, a. Credulus, Cic. To be credulous; 
avidissime credere, Plin. 

CREED, s. I. A confession of faith ; symbolum ; fidei 
professio. II. Fig. Opinio ; sententia ;" Cic. 

CREEK, s. I. A small bay; angustior sinus. II. 
Any turning; diverticulum, Ter.; anfractus, us ; cir- 
cuitio ; Caes. ; flexus, Cic. 

CREEKY. a. Flexuosus, Cic A creeky road; iter 

multis flexibus tortuosum, Cic. 

To CREEP, v. n. Repere ; serpere ; reptare ; humi se 
protrahere To creep to a place ; aliquo adrepere, Plin. 
To creep on one's knees ; tellurem genibus perrepere, 
Tibull Hardly able to creep along; asgre trahens 
membra torpentia. Si!. Ital He creeps after me ; rep- 
tabundus me sequitur, Sen. The act of creeping ; rep- 
tatio, Quint.; reptatus, us, Plin To creep into honours ; 
ad honores obrepere, Cic To creep into favour ; in 
animos hominum influere, Cic. Error easily creeps 
into men's minds ; error facile irrepit in mentes homi- 
num Age creeps on; obrepit senectus, Juv. 

CREEPER. . I. A creeping plant; herba quae 

(humi) repit, or reptat, Plin. II. A very small bird; 
picus murarius. III. A kind of andiron ; subex 

focarius. IV. A grapnel ; uncus ; harpago; Caes. 

CREEPINGLY. ad. Repens, Plin. ; reptans ; reptabun- 
dus; Sen. 

CREOLE or CREOLIAN. s. A coloniis oriundus. 

To CREPITATE, v. n. Crepitare, Plin. ; dare acrem 
sonitum, Virg. 

CREPUSCLE. s. Crepusculum, Col. (Crepusculum is 
used especially of evening twilight ; diluculum, of the 
morning.) Evening crepuscle ; lucis et noctis confinia, 
Ov Morning crepuscle ; obscurum cceptae lucis, Tacv 

CRESCENT, a. Crescent moon ; crescens luna, Varr. 

CRESCENT, s. i.e. A form of the moon; bicornis lima, 
Hor. ; lunae crescentis cornua, Cic. To marshal an 
army in the form of a crescent ; lunare aciem in arcum, 
Propert A fleet so ranged; lunata classis, Lucan. 

CRESS, s. . Water cress ; nasturtium aquaticum. 
Garden cress ; nasturtium, Plin. 

CRESSET, s. i.e. Beacon-fire; fax; luminis insigne 
nocturnum, Liv. 

CREST, s. . I. (Of animals) ; crista, Plin. ; dim., cris- 

tula, Col To raise one's crest ; cristam subrigere, 

Plin. II. Crest of a helmet ; apex, Virg. 

CRESTED, a. Cristatus, Mart. 

CREST-FALLEN, a. Animo perculso et abjecto, or fracto 
ac demisso, Cic. 

CREVICE, s. Rima A small crevice ; rimula. To 
fill up a crevice ; rimam explere, Cels. Full of crevices ; 
rimarum plenus, Ter. ; rimosus, Col. 

CREW. s. Ccetus, us; multitude; Cic A rascally 

crew; sceleratorum colluvies, Cic. A ship's crew; 
classiarii, Cass. ; navalis turba Crew of a galley ; re- 
mjges, pi., Cass. ; remigium, Cic. ; Hor. 

CREWEL. *. Glomus, i, m., Hor. : glomus, eris, n., 

CRIB. s. I. The rack of a stable ; praesepe, Virg. ; 
przesepis, Varr. II. The stall of an ox; buhile, Col. 
III. An infant's bed; cunae; cunabula; incunabula; 
Cic. ; Liv. 

CRIBBAGE. s. Ludus, cui nomen Cribbage. 

CRIBBLE, s. Cribrum, Cic. 

CRICK, s. I. The noise of a door-hinge; stridor 
cardinis. II. A pain in the neck ; cervicis rigor. 

CRICKET, s. I. An insect; gryllus, Plin. II. A 
game; ludus baculi et pilae. III. A low stool; imum 
subscllium, Plaut. ; sedecula ; sellula. 

CRIER, s. Praeco, Cic To be a crier ; praeconium 

facere, Suet The qfficc of a crier; praeconium. 



CRIME. *. Scelus, Cic. ; malefactum. A daring 

crime ; scelestum facinus, Cic An infamous crime ; 

flagitium, Cic. A capital crime ; crimen capitis, Cic. 
The principal in a crime ; sceleris architectus, Cic To 
commit a crime; scelus, or facinus, patrare, or admittere, 
Cic. ; Hor. To be implicated in a crime ; implicari 
maleficio, Cic To heap crime on crime ; scelus scelere 
cumulare, Cic. 

CRIMINAL, a. Scelestus; sceleratus ; nefarius. A 
criminal life; vita turpis et nocens, Cic A criminal 
case ; causa capitis, Cic. ; (causa criminalis, Asc. Fed.). 
A criminal affair ; res capitalis, or criminosa, Cic. To 
hear a criminal case ; audire de capite, Sen. A crimi- 
nal judge; qujESitor, Virg. 

CRIMINAL. 5. Sons ; nocens.' A state criminal; per- 
duellionis scelere constrictus. 

CRIMINALLY, ad. I. Wickedly; sceleste; nefarie; 
flagitiose; per summum nefas ; Cic. II. According to 
criminal law; capitaliter, Plin. To prosecute crimi- 
nally ; litem capitis in aliquem inferre. To proceed 
criminally ; de aliquo capitis, capite, or de capite, inqui- 
rere, Liv. 

CRIMINALITY, s. Improbitas ; perversitas ; pravitas ; 

CRIMINATION, s. Accusatio ; crimen ; criminatio ; in- 
simulatio ; delatio ; Cic. 

CRIMINATORY, a. Accusatorius. In a criminatory 
manner; accusatorie. 

CRIMP, a. I. Crisp ; brittle; fragilis, Ov. ; Cic. 
II. Inconsistent; secum pugnans ; a se discrepans ; 

To CRIMPLE. v. a. Rugare. To crimple the skin; 
cuti rugas inducere, Ov. ; cutem in rugas replicare, Plin. ; 
cuti rugas inducere, Tibull. To crimple the forehead ; 
frontem corrugare, Plaut., contrahere, Cic., or astrin- 
gere, Sen. To crimple the surface of the water ; undas 

asperarc, Virg A light breeze crimples the surface of 

the water ; summa aqua leni vento stringitur, Mart. 

CRIMSON, s. Color coccineus, or phcenicius. 

CRIMSON, a. Coccineus ; phcenicius, Plaut. 

To CRINGE, v. n. In humilitatem se subraittere, Liv. ; 
alicui ad pedes se abjicere, Cic. 

CRINIGEROUS. a. Pilosus, Cic. 

CRIPPLE, s. Claudus, Cic. ; membris captus, Liv. ; 
membris iners, Plin. 

To CRIPPLE, v. a. Mutilare ; membrum debihtare ; 

CRISS-CROSS-ROW, s. Prima elementa puerorum, Cic. ; 
prima elementa literarum, Quint. 

CRISIS, s. (Of a disease) ; crisis. Sen Fig. ; The affair 
is at its crisis ; summa res agitur. 

CRISP, a. I. Curled ; crispus, Ter. ; cirratus, Plin. 
Crisp with a curling iron ; calamistratus, Cic. II. 
Brittle ; fragilis, Ov. ; friabilis, Plin. 

To CRISP, v. a. Crispare, Plin. ; torquere. 

CRISPATION. s. Ars capillos crispandi. 

CRISPING-IRON or CRISPING-PIN. s. Calamister, Cic. ; 
calamistrum, Varr. 

CRISPNESS. s. To be expressed by the adjectives. 

CRITERION, s. Signum ; insigne ; indicium ; Cic. ; 
nota, Quint. 

CRITIC, s. I. A judge of writings ; criticus, Cic. ; 
Aristarchus, Hor. A verbal critic ; syllabarum auceps, 
Cic. II. A censor; morosus, or malevolus, reprehen- 
sor, or censor ; obtrectator ; Cic. To imbibe the spirit 
of a critic ; censoris animum sumere, Hor. 

CRITICAL, a. I. Of accurate taste ; emunctse naris ; 
subacti judicii. A critical taste ; judicium intelligens, 
limatum, ac politum, Cic. A man of critical taste ; 
vir judicio exquisite, or judicio eruditissimus, Cic. He 
is of an over-critical taste ; est fastidii delicatissimi, Cic. 
II. Belonging to a critic; censorius, Quint To 
make critical notes on a work ; scriptum notis confodere, 
Plin. J. III. Censorious; see CENSORIOUS. IV. 
Relating to a crisis. A critical day ; dies criticus, 
Cels. V. Dangerous; anceps ; lubricus ; Cic. 

CRITICALLY, ad. Accurate, Cic. 

To CRITICISE, v. a To criticise a work ; opus velli- 

care, Varr. ; scripta censoria virgula nptare, Quint 
To criticise severely ; lima mordacius uti, Ov. To cri- 
ticise minutely ; scripta nasute distringere, Phasdr To 
criticise actions ; facta reprehendere, or obtrectare, Tac. 

CRITICISM, s. I. The art of criticising; ars de 
scriptis judicandi. II. A critical remark; censura, 
Plin. To dread the criticism of scholars ; doctorum ve- 
reri reprehensionem, Cic. Minute criticism ; verborum 
captatio, Cic This book is receiving severe criticism ; 
mordet hunc librum lima censoria, Mart. 

To CROAK, v. n. I. (As a frog); coaxare, Plin. 
The frogs croak more than usual ; vocales sunt ultra so- 
litum ranae, Plin. II. (As a raven) ; crocire, Plaut. ; 
crocitare, Plin. 

CROAKING or CROAK, s. I. (Of frogs) ; ranarum cla- 
mor, Phaedr., or cantus, us, Plin. ' II. (Of ravens) ; cro- 
citus, us, Non. 

OROCEOUS. a. I. Of saffron ; crocinus, Plin. 
11, Of the colour of saffron ; croceus, Virg. 

CROCK. *. Urceus, Hor. ; cymbium, Virg. ; urna, or 
capedo, fictilis. 

CROCKERY. *. Vasa fictilia, pi., Cic. 

CROCODILE. *. Crocodilus, Plin Crocodile's teart; 
confictae lacrymae, Ter. 

CROFT, s. Septum ; clausum ; Col. 

CROISADE or CRUSADE. *. Sacrum bellum sub crucis 
vexillo susceptum. 

CROISES. s. pi. Qui crucem sacrae militiae notam in- 
duerunt ; qui sacrae militias nomen dederunt. 

CRONE. *. i. e. An old woman ; anus, Os, f. ; mulier 
vetula, Cic. ; mulier grandaeva et defecta, Sen. 

CRONY, s. Quocum necessitudo vetus intercedit, 

CROOK. *. Hamus ; uncus A shepherd's crook ; 

pastorale pedum, Virg. 

To CROOK, v. a. Curvare , incurvare ; inflectere. 

CROOK-BACK, s. Gibbus, Cels. ; gibberosus, Suet. 

CROOKED, a. I. Bent; curvus ; curvatus ; incur- 

vatus ; incurvus ; Cic A crooked line ; curva linea A 

crooked stick ; incurvum ac leviter a summo inflexum 
bacillum, Cic. Crooked with age; aetate, or annis, gravis, 
Liv. ; Hor. II. Bent different ways ; contortus ; dis- 
tortus ; Cic A crooked man; homo corpore distorto. 
A crooked stem ; intortus caudex, Plin. Crooked legs ; 
distorta crura, Hor. A man with crooked legs ; varus, 
Plin. III. Winding; tortuosus; flexuosus ; Cic.; si- 
nuosus, Plin. IV. Perverse; perversus ; pravus ; de- 
pravatus ; improbus ; Cic. A crooked mind ; absurdum 
ingenium, Tac. ; praeposterum ingenium, Sail. 

CROOKEDLY, ad. I. Torte, Lucr. ; contorte, Cic. 

He walks crookedly ; transversus incedit, Varr. 

II. Perversely; praepostere ; perperam; absurde ; Cic. 

CROOKEDNESS, s. I. Tortus, us ; flexus, us ; anfrac- 
tus, us; Cic. II. Perverseness; see PERVERSENESS. 

CROP. s. I. The craw of a bird ; ingluvies, Col. 
II. The highest part of any thing ; vertex ; apex ; Cic. ; 
summus, agreeing with a substantive. III. The har- 
vest ,- messis ; seges ; Cic. An abundant crop ; Ia;ta3 
segetos, Virg. 

To- CROP. v. a. I. To cut short; decurtare, Plin.; 
curtare. To crop close ; strictim attondere, Plaut. ; 
tondere ad cutem, Cels. II. To gather corn ; metere, 
Cic. ; demetere ; messem facere ; frumenta decidere ; 
Col. To gather flowers ; colligere ; carpere ; decer- 
pcre; Cic.; legere, Virg. III. (Of cattle); To feed; 
pastum morsu carpere, Cic. ; gramme, or frondibus, 
pasci, Ov. ; herbas depascere, Col. 

CROP-FULL, a. Retertus, Cic. ; naviter plenus, Lucr. ; 
plenus a summo, Plaut. 

CROP-SICK, a. Epulis confectus. 

CROSIER, s. Pedum pontificium. 

CROSS, s. I. Two transverse pieces of wood ; duo 
ligna transversa, Caes. St. Andrew's cross ; decussis, 
Vitr. II. An instrument of punishment ; crux To 
put up a cross for some one ; alicui crucem erigere, Cic. 

To suspend on the cross ; aliquem in crucem tollere, or 
agere, Cic. ; cruci dare, Plaut. j cruci affigere ; in cruce 
suffigere; cruce afficere ; Cic. III. Affliction, misfor- 
tune; animi cruciatus, us ; aerumnae, Cic. ; infortunium, 
Ter. ; adversus casus, Cic. IV. To play at cross and 
pile; aversi adversive nummi sorte ludere. 

CROSS. . I. Transverse ; transversarius, Caes. ; in 
transversum positus, Plin Cross lines ; linea? transversae, 

Cels. II. Contrary A cross acccident ; incommo- 

dum ; difficultas ; Cic. ; oflendiculum, Plin. Fortune 
was cross; transversa incurrit fortuna, Cic. Cross 
purposes ; inimicus ; adversarius To be at cross pur- 
poses ; adversari. III. Peevish; morosus; austerus ; 
difficilis ; Cic. A cross woman ; mulier adversatrix, 
Ter. A cross humour ; praya animi contentio, Curt. 

CROSS, prep, and ad. See ACROSS. 

To CROSS, v. a. I. To lay crosswise ; decussare, 
Col. ; cancellare, Plin. To cross one's arms ; brachia 
decussare; in crucis morem brachia inter secommit- 
tere To cross one's legs ; crus alterum alteri trans- 
versum inducere. To cross pikes ; hastas decussare; 
sarissas decussatim, or cancellatim, transversas hosti 
objicere. Fig., To cross breeds ; species copulando me- 
liorare, Ulp. II. To go across. To cross a wide coun- 
try ; immensos tractus permeare, Plin., or percurrere, 

Cic To cross the Alps; Alpes transcendere, transire, 

transgredi, Cic. To cross a river ; flumen transire, 
Liv. : (by swimming) ; flumen tranare, transnare, or trans- 

natare, Cic. ; Liv To cross an arm of the sea ; trans- 

fretare, Plin. To cross a river with an army ; copias 
fluvium trajicere, or traducere, Liv. ; Caes. To cross to 
a place ; ad locum freto transire, Cic. A lake which can- 
not be crossed on foot or in boats ; eluctabilis nee pediti 
nee navigio lacus, Sen. III. (Of inanimate objects) ; 

transire, Cic The river crosses the town ; amnis urbem 

interfluit, Liv. IV. To thwart ; obstare ; obsistere ; ali- 
cui adversari, or impedimentum afferre ; Cic. To ci-oss 
a man's designs and endeavours ; alicujus consiliis ob- 
sistere et obstare conatibus, Cic He is always cross- 
ing me ; mihi in omnibus adversatur, Cic. She crossed 
me in that matter ; mihi in ea re fuit adversatrix, Plaut. 



To cross out (writing); scriptum lineis cancellatim 
ductis, or decussatis, delere. 

CROSS-BAES. s. Cancelli, Cross-barred; 

CROSS-BOW, s. Balista ; scorpio ; Cic. ; manubalista, 

CROSS-BOWMAN, s. Sagittarius, Cic. ; manubalistarius, 

CROSS-CAPER, s. Pedum saltando iraplicatio. 

CROSS-GRAINED. a. Perversus; morosus ; indo- 
cilis; intractabilis ; pertinax; pervicax ; Cic. ; Sen. 

CROSSLY, ad. I. Oblique, Cic. ; transverse, Vitr. 
II. Praepostere ; perperam ; absurde ; Cic. III. 
Infeliciter ; calamitose ; incommode ; intempestive ; alieno 
tempore ; Cic. 

CROSSNESS, s. Morositas, Cic. ; tetricitas, Ov. ; in- 
temperies, Cic. 

CROSS-WAY, s. Via transversa, Cic. ; trames, Varr. 

CROTCH, s. Hamus, Hor. ; dim., hamulus, Cels. 

CROTCHET, s. I. (In music) ; modulus, Plin. II. 
A whim ; libido ; animi impetus, Cic. 

To CROUCH. v. a. I. To stoop down ; se demittere ; 
occultarc se latebris ; Cic. To crouch behind a hedge ; 
post sepem latere ; latendi causa ad terrain se apprimere ; 
Plin. To crouch at another's feet ; ad pedes alterius 
se provolvere, Cic. II. Fig. Se demittere; se depri- 
mere; se abjicere ; ad imas preces descendere ; Cic. 

CROW. s. I. A kind of bird; cornix, Cic.; dim., 

cornicula, Hor To pluck a crow, i. e. to dispute on a 

frivolous pretence ; rixari de lana caprina, Hor To 
pick a quarrel; jurgii causam inferre, Phaedr. II. 
An iron instrument; vectis, Vitr. 

To CROW. v. n. I. To make the noise which a cock 
makes; canare. II. To boast; se jactare, or efferre, 
Cic. To crow over any one ; alicui insultare, Cic. 

CROWD, s. I. A confused assembly; turba ; multi- 
tudo ; frequentia ; concursus ; Cic. A crowd of wit- 
nesses ; testium catervae, Cic. The agitation of a 
crowd; aestuatio, Plin. To throw one's self into the 
crowd ; in mediam turbam se conjicere, Cic To strug- 
gle with a crowd ; luctari in turba, Hor. To disperse 
the crowd; summovere turbam, Liv. ; vulgus arcere, 
Hor. II. Fig. Vulgus, Cic. To rise above the crowd; 
a vulgo, or a populo, se secernere, Hor., or emergere, 
Plin. III. (Of inanimate objects.) A cr owd of employ- 
ments ; occupationum concursus, Cic. A crowd of 
cares ; curarum nubes, Ov. 

To CROWD. . a. Implere: replere ; Cic.; opplere, 
Liv. To crowd all sail; plenis velis navigare, pervehi, 
Cic. ; pandere tola vela, Curt. 

To CROWD, v. n. Aggregare se, Cses. 

CROWDER. s. i. e. A player on the violin; fidicen, 

CROWFOOT, s. I. A caltrop; murex, Curt. II. 
A plant; ranunculus; tribulus ; Plin. 

CROWN, s. I. An ornament of the head ; corona. 
A small crown ; corolla, Propert. ; diadema, Cic. II. 
A garland ; corona florea, Plaut. ; sertum, Tibull. ; 
serta, orum, n. pi., Cic. ; strophia, orum, n. pi., Virg. ; 
florida corolla, Cato. III. A reward ; praemium; pre- 
tium ; merces, edis, f., Cic. IV. Regal power ; impe- 
rium, Liv.; regnum, Cic. V. The top of the head ; 
vertex, icis, m., Cic. VI. The top of any thing ; ver- 
tex, icis, m. ; apex, icis, m. ; Cic (Of a mountain) ; 
montis vertex, Cic., cacumen, Hor., culmen, Caes., 
juicuin, Virg., supercilium, Liv., fastigium, Curt. 
VII. Part of a hat; forma, Hor. VIII. A piece of 
money ; nummus, Cic. A gold crown ; aureus : (silver) ; 
argenteus. A new crown ; nummus asper, Suet. 
IX. Honour; honorum culmen, or fastigium. 

To CROWN, v. a. Coronare, Plin. ; corona redimere ; 
alicui coronam ad caput accommodare, Cie. To crown a 
king ; insigni regio evincire, Tac. (A victor) ; coronam 
vtctori imponere, Cic. ( With laurel) ; victorem laurea 
donare, Tac. ( With flowers) ; aliquem sertis redimire; 
sertis innectere tempora, Ov. To finish ; absolvere, 
Cic (At draughts) ; scrupum geminare. 

CROWN-SCAB, s. i. e. A disease in horses ; porrigo, 

To CRUCIATE, v. a. Torquere, cruciare ; excruciare; 
cructatu afficere, Cic. 

CRUCIBLE or CRUSET. s. Vasculum liquandis metallis 

CRUCIFEROUS, a. Crucifer. 

CRUCIFIX, s. The image of our Saviour on the cross ; 
Christi e cruce pendentis imago. 

CRUCIFIXION, s. De cruce suspendium. 

To CRUCIFY, v. a. Aliquem in crucem tollere, or 
agere, Cic. ; cruci affigere, Liv., suffigere, Veil. ; cruce 
afficere, Cic. 

CRUDE, a. I. Raw ; crudus. II. Not changed 
by any preparation; crudus. III. Unripe; acer- 
bus ; asper ; immitis ; Plin. [V. Not digested in the 
stomitrh ; crudur-, Cic. V. Unfinished, informis ; 
rudis, Ov. ; imperfectus, Cic. VI. Having imperfect 
viitiims ; indoctus. 

CRUDELY, ad. Rigide ; dure Cic. 

CRUDENESS or CRUDITY, j. Cruditas, Cic. 

CRUEL, a. Ferus ; immanis ; crudelis ; saevus ; inhu- 
manus ; barbarus ; Cic A cruel fight ; obnixa pugna, 
Val., Max. 

CRUELLY, ad. Crudeliter; inhumaniter; atrociter; 
Cic. ; immisericorditer, Ter. To use or treat cruelly ; 
saevitiam, or crudelitatem, in aliquem adhibere, or exer- 
cere, Cic. 

CRUELNESS or CRUELTY, s. Feritas ; immanitas ; cru- 
delitas ; inlmmanitas ; saevitia ; Cic To treat with 
cruelty ; crudelitatem in aliquo adhibere, or in aliquem 
exercere, Cic. The cruelty of fortune ; fati inclemen 
tia, Virg. To do an act of cruelty ; inhumane facere, 
Cic. To satisfy one's cruelty ; crudelitatem explore ; 
inimicitias explere et odium satiare, Cic. 

CRUENTATE. a. Cruentus, Cic. ; cruentatus, Ov. ; 
cruore respersus, Liv. ; sanguine infectus, Hor., or 
imbutus, Cic. 

CRUET, s. Guttus, Hor. ; urceolus, Col. (For oil) ; 
vas olearium. (For vinegar) ; acetabulum, Quint. 

CRUISE, s. I. A small cup; pocillum, Cato; no- 
nula, Cic.; urceolus, Col (Of clay) ; urceus, Hor. ; 
urna fictilis. II. A voyage in search of plunder ; 
navigatio ; portus aut litora obsidendi ratio. 

To CRUISE, v. a. Hostium portus aut litorum flexus 
obsidere, Cic (As a pirate) ; mare infestum habere, 

CRUISER, s. Navis praedatoria, Liv Captain of a 
cruiser ; dux navis litorum flexus obsidentis. 

CRUM or CRUMB, s. The soft part of bread ; panis 
pars mollior. A crumb ; mica Crumbs which fall 
from the table ; analecta, Mart To pick up one's 
crumbs; convalescere ; ex mprbo recreari, or evadere ; 
sanitatem recuperare ; ad sanitatem redire ; vires revo- 
care ; Cic. 

To CRUM or CRUMBLE, v. a. Panem friare, or interere, 
Varr. ; in micas frangere, or comminucre To cover 
with crum ; pane friato carnem assam conspergere. 

To CRUMBLE, v. n. Corruere, Cic. 

CRUMMY, a. Tener, Cic.; mollis. Plin.: tenellus, 

CRUMP, a. i. e. Crook-shouldered; gibous, Cels. ; gib- 
berosus, Suet. ; incurvus, Ter. ; humeris incurvus, Plia. 

CRUMPET. *. Crustulum, Hor. 

To CRUMPLE, v. a. Corrugare ; in sinus, or rugas, 
contrahere. To crumple linen ; lintca rugare, Plaut. 

CRUMPLING, s. A small degenerate apple; malum 
corrugatum, or rugosum, Cic. 

CRUPPER, s. Postilena, Plaut. 

CRUSH, s. Act of crushing ; attritus; tritus ; Plin.; 
tritura, Col. ; collisus, us ; conflictio ; Cic A crowd; 
concursus, Plin. 

To CRUSH, v. a. I. To squeeze ; premere, or pres- 
sare, Virg. ; comprimere, Cic To crush grapes ; uvas 
prelo premere, Vitr. II. To press with violence; 
elidere, Virg. ; contundere, Cic. , atterere ; obterere, Cic. ; 
illidere ; confringere ; comminuere ; conterere. III. To 
beat down; demittere; deprimere; Plin. ; Coll.; detur- 
bare ; disturbare ; demoliri ; diruere ; dejicere ; Cic. IV. 
To depress ; opprimere ; obruere ; obtundere To crush 
an innocent man ; premere immerentem, Plin To 
crush a conspiracy ; conjurationem exstinguere, Cic. 

To CRUSH, v. n. Densari; condensari; Varr. 

CRUST, s. Crusta, Plin. The crust of a loaf ; panis 

frustum crustosius Kissing-crust ; pars panis nuda 

crusta, or cortice Crust of a wound; scabnties, Col. 

To CRUST, v. a. Crustare, Plin. ; incrustare, Varr. ; 
rei crustam inducere, Vitr. ; rem crusta operire, Plin. 

To CRUST, v. n. Crustari ; crusta operiri. 

CRUSTACEOUS. a. Crusta munitus, or tectus ; crusta- 
tus ; crustosus, Plin. 

CRUSTILY, ad. Morose. 

CRUSTINESS, s. i. e. Peevishness ; morositas, Cic. 

CRUSTY, a. I. Covered with crust; crustosus, Plin. ; 
crusta opertus, or tectus. II. Morose ; dillicilis ; mo- 
rosus ; austerus ; Cic. 

CRUTCH, s. Baculum superne rostratum. 

To CRUTCH, v. n. Baculo superne rostrato sustinere 
se. A crutched man ; vetulus baculo rostrato utens. 

To CRY. v. n. Clamare ; clamores edere, tollere To 

cry for sorrow ; Here ; lacrymari, Cic. ; lacrymare, Ov. 
To cry one's eyes out ; in lacrymas effundi, Tac. ; 
effuse lacrymari. 

To CRY OUT. v. n. I. To scream ; exclamare, Plaut. ; 
vociferari ; voce contendere ; Cic. ; ejulare. 1 1. To com- 
plain loudly ; gemere ; queri ; Cic. ; gemitus edere, Ov. ; 
de aiiquo queri, conqueri, or querimoniam habere, Cic. 
III. To blame ; damnure ; condemnare ; arguere ; cul- 
pare ; improbare ; reprehendere ; vituperare ; Cic. IV. 
To declare loudly ; denuntiare ; profiteri ; promulgare. 
V. To call for help ; subsidium inclamare, Cic. 

To CRY. v. a. To proclaim publicly ; evulgare; pro- 
mulgare ; denuntiare ; renuntiare ; declarare, Cic. To 
cry fire ; clamare aquam, Propert. To cry mercy , 
veniam poscere, Cic. To cry quittance; par pari re- 
ferre, Ter To cry for safe, e. g. figs ; iicus clamitare, 



To CRY DOWN. v. a. I. To depreciate ; alicujus ex- 
btimatlonem violare ; infamiam alicui inferre ; aliquem 
int'amia notare ; Cic. ; alicui fidem minuere, infirmare, 
derogare, abrogare, Cic., adimere, Ov. ; auctoritatem 
alicujus imminuere, Cic. II. To prohibit ; rei usum 
interdicere ; prohibere. III. To overbear ; aliquem 
deprimere, Cic. 

To CRY UNTO. v. n. Invocare ; implorare ; Cic. ; 
aliquem inclamare, Ov. 

To CRY UP. v. n. To praise ; dilaudare ; laudibus 
efferre ; praedicare ; honorincemultadealiquopraedicare; 
collaudare ; laudibus ornare, Cic. ; cumulare, Hor. 

CRY. s. Clamor ; lamentatio ; lamentum ; ejulatio ; eju- 
latus ; Cic. Cry of an infant; vagitus, us, m., Virg 
Cry of joy; jubila, orum, pi. n., Sil. Ital.; clamo 
festus, Plin War cry ; clamor militaris, Cic Cr\ 

of hounds ; latratus Cry, i. e. a proclamation of sale 

promulgatio; denuntiatio; praeconium. 

CRYSTAL, s. Crystallus, i, f., Propert. ; crystallum, i, n 

CRYSTAL or CRYSTALLINE, a. I. Consisting of crystal 
crystallinus, Mart. II. Clear, transparent ; crystallinus 
Juv. ; perlucidus, Cic. ; translucens ; translucidus ; Plin 
Crystal streams ; perlucidi amnium liquores, Cic. 
The crystalline humour ; humor crystallinus. 

To CRYSTALLIZE, v. a. In crystallum cogere, redigere 

To CRYSTALLIZE, v. n. In crystallum corporari, Solin 

CUB. s. I. (Of a bear) j ursae catulus, i, m., Ov. 
ursulus, i, m. II. (Of afor) ; vulpecula, se, f., Cic. ; vulpi 
catulus, i, m. III. (Of a whale) ; balaenae vitulus, Plin 

To CUB. v. a. Parere ; fetum ponere, deponere, Phaedr 

Cubus, i, m., Vitr. ; quadrantal, alis, n. 
Cubicus, Vitr. ; ex omni parte 

CUBE, s 
Aul. Cell. 

quadratus, Cic. 

CUBIT. *. Cubitus, i, m., Vitr. ; cubita, orum, n. pi 
Liv. ; sesquipes, Col. 

CUBITAL, a. Sesquipedalis ; sesquipedaneus ; cubitalis 

CUCKOO, s. Cuculus, i, m., Hor. 
CUCUMBER, s. Cucumis, eris, m., Plin. ; Varr. 
. CUCURBITE. s. Cucurbita, ae, f.; ampulla cornuta. 

CUD. *. Ruma ; rumen. To chew the cud ; rumi- 
nare, Ov. ; Col.; Virg.; remandere, Plin Fig., i. e 
To meditate on ; rem animo retractare, Cic. ; recogitare 
Col.; concoquere, Sen. 

CUDGEL, s. Baculum, Cic. ; baculus, Ov. ; scipio 
Liv. ; fustis, Cic. 

To CUDGEL, v. a. Bacillo aliquem casdere, Cic. : 
alicui fustem impingere, Cic. ; fuste percutere, Veil. ; 
(lumbos) dolare, Hor. 

CUE. s. I. A hint; signum, i, n. ; consilium, ii, n., 
Tac. II. Temper of mind ; ingenium, ii, n. ; indoles, 
is, f., Cic. ; mores. To put in a good cue; aliquem hila- 
rare, Cic. To give one his cue ; praemonstrare quid 

qnis fabuletur, Plaut (To a witness) ; testem adornare, 


CUFF. s. I. A blow; ictus, us, m. ; plaga, Cic. ; 
colaphus, Ter. ; Juv. II. End of a sleeve ; manulea, 
ae, Plaut. ; manica, Cic. To go to fisty cuffs ; in con- 
tentionem certamenque, or ad manus atque ad pugnam 
venire, Cic. Hand-cujfs ; manicae, f. pi., Virg. 

To CUFF. v. a. Alicui pugnum impmgere, Plaut., or 
incutere, Juv. ; aliquem compressa palma ferire, Plaut. 
To CUFF. v. n. Certare pugnis, Cic. 
CUIRASS, s. Lorica, Caas. ; thorax, acis, m., Plin. 
To arm with a cuirass ; loricare. To forge a cuirass ; 
loricam e ferro succudere, Varr. 
CUIRASSIER, s. Eques loricatus, thoracatus, Plin. 
CUISH. s. Armour for the thigh ; femoris tegmentum 

CULINARY, a. Coquinarius, Plin. Culinary uten- 
sils ; vasa coquinaria, Plin. The culinary art; ars 

To CULL. v. a. To select ; legere ; eligere ; deligere ; 
seligere ; delectum habere, Cic. To cull a fine thought 
out of a book; ex libro excerpere, Ter.; excellentissima 
libare ex variis ingeniis, Cic To cull simples ; medicas 
herbas perquirere. 

CULM. s. i. e. A stalk ; (of corn) ; culmus, Cic. ; ca- 
lamus, Virg. : (of a flower) ; caulis, Plin. 

CULPABLE, a. Nocens ; sons ; accusabilis ; vitupe- 
rabilis; Cic.; reprehensione dignus To be culpable; 
culpa teneri, Cic. 

CULPABLENESS or CULPABILITY, s. Noxa, ae, f., Cic. ; 
delicti, or peccati, conscientia, Cic. 

CULPABLY, ad. Use the adjectives or substantives ; 
magna reprehensione, &c. ; (vituperabiliter, Cassiod.). 

CULPRIT, s. Reus, i, m. ; rea, ae, f., Cic To speak 
in favour of a culprit ; ab reo dicere ; reum tutari ; Tac. 
The state of being a culprit ; reatus, us, m.. Quint. 

To CULTIVATE, v. a. Agrum colere ; agris culturam 
adhibere, Cic. To cultivate the vine ; vitem colere, Cic. 
Fig., To cultivate arts and sciences ; studia et artes ex- 

colere, Cic To cultivate one's mind ; doctrina animum 

excolerc; ingenium bonis artibus et studiis expolire ; 
Cic. To cultivate friendship ; amicitias colere, Plaut. ; 

tueri, Cic. To cultivate the good graces of a man ; ali- 
cujus gratiam fovere, Tac. 

CULTIVATION. . Cultus, us, m. ; cultura, a?, f. ; cultio, 
onis, f., Cic The cultivation of letters; bonarum artium 
studia, Cic. 

CULTIVATOR, s. Terrae cultor, Cic. ; agricola,. *e, m. ; 
colonus, i, m., Virg. ; agrorum cultor, Liv. 

CULVER, s. A bird; colomba, x, f., Cic. ; columbus, i, 
m., Col.- A wood-culver; palumbes, Plin.; palumbus, 
i. ; or, palumba, & ; Mart. 

CULVERIN. s. A piece of ordnance ; tormentum a co- 
lubro dictum. 

To CUMBER, v. a. Impedire ; obstruere; alicui incom- 
modare, or esse incommode, Cic. ; turbare, Curt. ; dU- 
tbcbare, Cic. * v ' A* * 

CUMBER, s. Impedimentum, Cic. ; impeditio, Vitr. 

CUMBERSOME or CUMBROUS, a. Gravis ; incommodus ; 
operosus ; molestus, Cic. 

CUMBERSOMELY. ad. Incommode, Cic. 

CUMBERSOMENESS or CuMBRANCE. s. Impeditio ; im- 
pedimentum, Cic. ; obstructio ; incommodum, Cic. ; mo- 

CUMIN, s. A plant ; cuminum, i, n., Hor. 

To CUMULATE, v. a. Accumulare ; congerere ; coacer- 
vare ; construere ; cumulare ; Cic. ; acervare, Plin. 

CUNCTATION. s. Mora, ae, f. ; cunctatio, onis, f., Cic. ; 
retardatio ; dilatio ; procrastinatio, Cic. 

CUNNING, a. I. Knowing ; navus ; solers ; subtilis ; 
Cic.; dexter, Liv.; peritus ; sciens. II. Crafty; 
callidus ; dolosus ; astutus, Cic. ; versutus ingenii, Plin.; 
subdolus ; veteratorius, Cic. ; ad fraudem acutus, Nep. 

A cunning man ; vates ; hariolus, Cic. ; divinus, 
Mart. A cunning woman ; hariola, Plaut. ; vates, Cic. ; 
anus, or mulier, fatidica. 

CUNNING, s. I. Art, skill; ars ; solertia ; industria, 
Cic. ; scientia; prudentia; dexteritas, Cic. II. Arti- 
fice ; fraus ; dolus ; artificium ; fallacia ; calliditas ; as- 
tutia ; astus, Cic. 

CUNNINGLY, ad. I. Skilfully ; solerter ; Industrie ; 
prudenter, Cic. ; dextere, Liv. ; callide ; scienter ; perite; 
Cic. II. Craftily; callide, Cic. ; fraudulenter, Plin. ; 
dolose ; astute ; per fraudem, Cic. ; per dolos, Plaut. 

CUP. s. Poculum, i, n. ; Cic. ; crater, eris, m., 
Virg. ; Cic. ; culullus, Hor. ; calix, Cic. ; cyathus, 
Mart. A little cup; pocillum, Cic.; caliculus, Plin. 

Cup of a flower; calix, Plin. At every cup; ad 
singulos haustus ; quoties bibit To take a chirping 
cup ; exiguis haustibus bibere, Ov One in his cups ; 
temulentus, Ter. ; vinolentus ; bene potus, Cic. * potu- 
lentus, Suet One who loves a cup ; bibulus, Hor. ; 

bibax, Cell.; potor acer, Hor., nobilis, Mart Over 

our cups ; inter vinum, Curt. 

To CUP. n. a. Cucurbitulas admovere, or adhibere, Cels. 

CUPBEARER, s. Pincerna, ae, m., Asc. Ped. ; qui 
pocula ministrat, Cic. ; qui stat ad cyathos, Stat. ; a 
cyathis minister, Mart. 

CUPBOARD, s. Armarium, ii, n., Juv. ; abacus, i, m. ; 
cilibantum, Varr. 

To CUPBOAHD. v. a. In unum locum colligere, con- 
gerere, or contrahere ; cumulare ; coacervare. 

CUPIDITY, s. Cupiditas, f., Cic. ; cupido immoderata ; 
.ppetitio, Cic. ; libido. 

CUPOLA, s. Concameratum aedis fastigium ; tholus, 
i,m., Vitr. 

CUPPING-GLASS. *. Cucurbitula, ae, f., Cels, ; medi- 
cinalis cucurbita, Plin. 

CUR. s. Canis ; catellus ; catulus ; Plaut. ; Cic. 

CURABLE, a. Sanabilis, Cic. ; medicahilis, Ov. ; qui 
admittit curationem, Cels. ; qui curationem recipit, Cic. 

CURACY, s. Vicarii munus, Cic. 

CURATE, s. Vicarius, ii, m., Cic. 

CURATOR, s. Curator, oris, m., Hor. 

CURB. s. 1. (Of a bridle) ; freni catenula ; frenum, 
, n. sing., m. in pi. II. Restraint; frenum, Hor. ; 
coercitio, Suet. ; habena, Cic. 

To CURB. v. a. I. To hold in with a curb; equo 
renos adhibere, or injicere, Cic. ; frenos inhibere, Liv. ; 
ircto freno compescere, Tibull. II. To restrain; 
renos adhibere, Cic. ; continere ; cohibere ; coercere ; 
efrenare ; reprimere ; compescere ; comprimere, Cic. 

To CURD or CURDLE, v. a. Coagulare, Plin 

, Milk) ; lac in duritiem cogere, densare, Plin. ; con- 
lensare ; spissare ; conspissare, Col. 

To CURD or CURDLE, v . n. Concrescere, Virg. ; in 
lensitatem coire, Plin. ; densari ; condensari, Col. 
When the milk begins to curd; in prima lactis coagu- 
atione, Plin. 

CURDS. *. Coacti lactis massa, Ov. ; lactis coagulati 
massula, Col. ; concretum lac, Virg Curd-cakes or 
cheese-cakes ; triquetra caseo ovis et butyro placenta. 

CURDY or CURDLED, a. Coactus ; condensatus ; con- ; 
pissatus ; concretus ; coagulatus, Plin. 

CURE. s. I. Act of curing; sanatio, Cic.; morbi 
uratio, Cels. II. Remedy ; remedium, Plin.; medi 
amentum ; medicamen, Cic. ; levamen. III. Charge 
f souls ; cura. 

To CURE. v. a. Sanare ; sanum facere, Cic. ; sani- 


tatem alicui restituere, or reddere, Plin. ; aegroto mederi 
morbum depellere, or tollere, Cels., adimere, Ter. 
medicinam afferre, Cic. ; remedia adhibere To curt 
fish or meat to preserve it; carnes in sale asservare 
Plin. ; sale obruere ; muria condire, Col. ; sallere, Sail, 
salire, Cels. 


CURER. s. Medicus, Cic. 

CURIOSITY, s. Curiositas ; yidendi, or discendi, stu- 
dium ; rerum reconditarum diligentissima investigatio, 
Cic A great curiosity; res rara et singularis Cu- 
riosities ; rerum pretiosissima, Front. 

CURIOUS, a. I. Inquisitive ; in re aliena curiosus, or 
percuriosus, Cic. ; percontator, Hor. II. Eager to 
learn ; discendi cupidus ; in perspicienda rerum natura 
cupidus, Cic. III. Skilled in ; rei intelligens, Cic. 
or studiosus, Ov. IV. Exact; accuratus ; subtilis 
(of things) ; curaelaboratus, Cic. V. With extreme or 
fastidious nicety ; exquisitus ; elegans ; limatus ; po- 
litus. VI. Worthy of being seen ; visendus, Plin. ; 
exquisitus ; rarus ; singularis. VII. Strange, won- 
derful ; mirabilis ; admirandus ; mirificus ; mirus, Cic. 

CURIOUSLY, ad. 1. Inquisitively ; curiose, Cic. 
II. Elegantly ; exquisite ; eleganter ; venuste ; concinne. 
III. Exactly; studiose, Cic.; magno studio; accu- 
rate ; mirabili opere, Cic. ; diligenter ; sedulo. IV. 
With extreme or fastidious nicety ; delicate ; molliter, 
Cic. ; nimia subtilitate, Sen. 

To CURL. v. a. I. To dress with curls; calamistro 
comam inurere, Cic. ; capillum crispare, Plin. ; ferro 
crines vibrare, Virg., torquere, Ov. II. To twist; 
torquere, Cic. ; convolvere ; involvere, Plin. To curl 
the waves ; aquam crispare. 

To CURL. v. n. I. To fall into ringlets ; crispari. 
II. To twist itself ; convolvere, Virg. ; circumplicare, 
Cic. ; implicare ; involvere ; circumvolvere ; circumplexu 
ambire, Plin. 

CURL. s. I. A ringlet of hair ; coma calamistrata, 
Cic Curls, pi. ; cinni, Plaut. ; concinni, Cic. ; cirri intorti 
capilli ; Mart. One with his hair curled ; cincinnatus, 
Cic. II. Undulation; tremula agitatio. 

CURLEW, s. A water-fowl ; clorius ; crex ; corlinus ; 

CURMUDGEON. 5. Vir jurgiosus, Cic., rixosus, Col., 
or sordidus, tenax, parcissimus, Cic., praeparcus, Plin. 

CURRANT, s. I. A tree ; grossularia, SB, f. II. Its 
fruit; grossularia? acinus, i, m. 

CURRENCY, s. I. Fluency ; yerborum yolubilitas, 

Cic. ; praeceps dicendi celeritas ; linguae mobilitas, Cic. 

II. Uninterrupted course ; continuatio; series ; per- 

petuus rerum ordo. Currency, or current coin; moneta 

quae est in usu. 

CURRENT, a. I. Generally received ; acceptus ; ex- 
ceptus. A current opinion; publice recepta persuasio, 
Quint. II, General ; vulgatus; vulgaris; pervagatus; 
Cic.; generalis; universus, Cic. III. That maybe 
allowed; auctoritate firmatus, probatus, Cic. ; sancitus. 

CURRENT, s. Running stream ; aqua fluens, manans, 
or profluens, Col. ; Quint. , vis fluminis. To go with the 

current; secundo amne, or flumine, ferri, Virg To go 

against the current ; adverse flumine navigare. 

CURRENTLY, ad. Expedite ; haud cunctanter ; Cic. ; 
generaliter ; universe. // is currently believed; receptum 
est; in confesso est; res confessa est ; Cic It is currently 
reported; fama nuntiat ; res pervagata et vulgaris est ; 
omnium sermone percrebescit ; Cic. 

CURRICLE, s. Currus gemina rota instructus ; biga, 

SB, f. 

CURRIER, s. Coriarius, Plin. 

CURRISH, a. Ferus;durus; morosus; rixosus; difS- 
cilis ; Cic. ; malignus ; asper, Cic. 

CURRY, v. a. I. To dress leather ; corium subigere, 
Vitr.; concinnare et perficere, Plin. II. To beat; 
verberare; credere; ferire ; percutere I will curry you ; 
egregie te depexum reddam, Ter. III. To rub a 
horse with a currycomb i equum strigili defricare, or 
distringere. IV To curry favour with one ; alicujus 
gratiam fovere ; gratiam aucupari ; Cic.; insinuare se ad, 
or in, alicujus amicitiam, Plaut., consuetudinem, Cic. 

CURRY-COMB. 5. Strigilis, is, f., Cic. 

To CURSE, v.a. To wish evil to; exsecrari, Cic.; 
alicui male, or mala, precari, Cic. ; diras precari, Tac. ; 
diris devovere ; dira exsecratione prosequi ; Liv. 

To CURSE, v. n. In Deum verba hnpia dicere ; in 
Deum ora solvere, Tibull. ; divinum numen obtrectare, 
Val. Max. ; impias in Deum voces jactare ; impiis ver- 
borum telis Deum lacessere ; dira sibi imprecari, Cic. 

CURSE, s. I. An imprecation; exsecratio, Cic.; 
imprecatio, Sen. ; dira?, Ov. ; deprecatio, Plin. II. 
A cause of mischief ; pestis ; exitium ; pernicies ; Cic, 

CCRSED. a. Diris devotus ; malus ; improbus ; sce- 
lestus ; sceleratus ; nefarius ; exsecrandus ; detestabilis ; 

exsecrabilis ; infandus ; Cic A cursed land; terra ne- 

fasta, Liv. 

CURSEDLY, ad. Pessime ; abominandum in modum ; 

CURSHIP. s. Feritas ; immanitas ; Cic. ; vilitas. 


CURSITOR. s. Pragmaticus, i, m., Cic. ; formularius. 

CURSORILY, ad. Leviter ; breviter ; strictim ; indili- 
genter ; negligenter ; Cic. ; remisse, Sail. ; (perfunctorie, 
Ulp.); temere; inconsiderate; festinanter; propere; 
Cic. ; properanter, Lucr. 

CURSORY, a. Properatus, Ov. ; <*pproperatus, Liv 

A cursory view ; inchoata cognitio, Cic. 

To CURTAIL, v. a. Detrahere ; immlnuere ; desecare ; 
resecare ; recidere ; Cic. 

CURTAIN, s. Velum ductile; siparium, Cic. (Of a 
bed); supparium, Juv. Curtain or hangings of a room; 
aulaea peripetasma, Cic. ; tapes, Virg Linen curtain ; 
tela linea Curtain of a theatre ; aulaeum ; siparium ; 
Juv (In fortification) , aggeris inter duo propugnacula 
frons To draw a curtain over any thing; velum 
rei obducere, or obtendere, Cic. A curtain lecture; re- 
prehensio, Cic. ; censura, Juv. 

To CURTAIN, v. a. Velo, or aulao, cingere, or cir- 

CURVATED. a. Curvatus ; incurvatus ; incurvus j Cic. 

CURVATION. s. Inflexio, Cic. ; curvatio, Col. 

CURVATURE or CURVATION. s. Flexura, Vitr. ; cur- 
vamen, Ov. ; curvatio, Vitr. ; incurvatio, Plin. Curv- 
ature of a wheel ; rotae curvatura. (Of a sickle); falcis 
sinus, Col. 

CURVE, a. Curvus. See CURVATED. 

CURVE, s. Curvatio ; flexura ; Vitr. 

To CURVE, v. a. Curvare; incurvare ; inflectere; Caes. 

To CURVET, v. n. Salire. 

CURVET, s. Saltus, us, m. ; crurum ex arte glome- 

CURVILINEAR, a. Curvus ; lineis curvis. 

CUSHION, s. Pulvinus, i, m., Cic.; pulvillus, Hor.; 
pulvinar, Juv. 

CUSHIONED, a. Pulvinis instructus. 

CUSP. s. Lunae crescentis cornua, Cic. 

CUSPATED or CUSPIDATED, a. Acutus ; exacutus ; cus- 
pidatus ; acuminatus ; mucionatus; Plin. 

CUSTARD, s. Scriblita lactea. 

CUSTODY, s. I. Imprisonment ; custodia ; career ; 

vincula ; in custodia inclusio ; Cic To take into custody; 

aliquem in carcerem ducere. To be in custody ; esse 
in vinculis, Cic. II. Charge ; custodia ; conservatio ; 
tutela. To give into one's custody ; rem alicui credere, 
or alterius fidei committere, Cic. III. Defence ; tutela, 
presidium ; tuitio ; Cic. 

CUSTOM, s. I. Habit; consuetude; mos ; usus, Cic. ; 

assuetudo, Liv According to custom ; de more, Virg. ; 

ex more, Hor To follow the custom ; morem servare. 

The customs of a country ; mores et instituta civilia. 

II. Practice of buying of certain persons ; emendi 
ab aliquo mercatore consuetudo A great custom; 
emptorum frequentia. He has a good custom; hujus 
taberna ementium frequentia celebratur, Cic. III. 
Tax paid for imports and exports ; portorium, Cic. 

CUSTOMABLE, a. Consuetus ; usitatus ; Cic. ; solitus, 

CUSTOMABLY. ad. Ut mos est ; ut assolet ; Liv. ; ut 
solet ; ut fieri solet ; ut est, or ut fert, consuetudo ; Cic. 

CUSTOMARILY, ad. Ex consuetudine ; ut plurimum ; 
vulgo ; plerumque ; Cic. 

CUSTOMARY, a. I. Conformable to established cus- 
tom; cujus promiscue patet usus, Plin. ; usitatus, Cic. ; 
usu receptus, Cic. II. Habitual; quod in morem 
venit, Ov. III. Usual; consuetus ; solitus ; Virg. ; 
usitatus, Cic. 

CUSTOMER, s. Qui, qua?, ab aliquo mercatore emere 
solet. To help to customers ; tabernam commendare ; 
see CUSTOM, II. 

CUSTOM-HOUSE, s. Portorium, ii, n., Cic. A custom- 
house officer ; portitor, Plaut. 

To CUT. v. a. I. To divide with a sharp edge ; secare ; 
resecare ; caedere ; praecidere ; abscindere ; incidere ; 
amputare ; Cic. II. To hew ; caedere ; abscindere; Liv. 

III, To carve; sculpere, Ov. IV. To form by 
cutting ; secando, or caedendo, formare, flngere. V. 
To pierce; forare ; efforare ; Col.; perforare, Plin.; 
ransforare, Sen. ; incidere; pungere. VI. To divide 
mcks of cards ; folia lusoria dividere. VII. To in- 
ersect ; praecidere ; intercidere. VIII. To cut tothe 

heart; cor findere, Plaut To cut small; rem in 

minutas partes, Lucr., minutatim, Catull., concidere. 

To cut corn ; fruges metere ; demetere, Cic. ; fru- 
menta succidere, Caes. To cut hair ; capillum tondere. 

To cut vines ; vitem castrare, Cato To cut a figure 
n the world; egregium decus tenere, Cic. ; nomen et 
lecus gerere, Virg To cut a sorry figure; nullo loco 

ac numero esse, Cic. 

To CUT AWAY. v. a. Resecare ; desecare ; recidere ; 
abscindere ; Cic. ; detrahere ; imminuere. 

To CUT DOWN. v.a. I. To fell ; caedere ; praecidere ; 
deturbare ; disturbare ; ad terram affligere ; dejicere ; Cic. 
II. To excel; superare ; exsuperare; antecellere ; 
praestare ; Cic. 

To CUT OFF. v.a. I. To separate by cutting; desecare; 
abscindere : exsecare. ( The head) ; caput praecidere, Cic., 



or obtruncare, Liv., abscindere, Cic. II. To destroy ; 
funditus tollere ; delere ; Cic. ; exterminare, Col.; exscm- 
dere, Virg. ; exstirpare ; radicitus tollere ; stirpitus evel- 
lere, Cic. III. To rescind; resecare ; detrahere ; im- 
minuere. IV. To intercept ; intercludere ; przecludere. 
To cut off a retreat ; fugam tollere, Caes, : (an advance) ; 
alicui praecurrere : (provisions) ; hostem commeatu in- 
tercludere : (a bridge) ; pontera interscindere, Cic. To 
cut off the approach ; omnes ad locum aditus alicui in- 
tercludere, Cic, To cut off short ; prascidere. V. 
To obviate; praevertere, Caes.; Cic.; antevertere, Ter. ; 
occurrere, Cic. VI. To take away ; auferre ; tollere ; 
araovere ; removere ; adimere. VII. Topreclude ; pri- 
vare ; orbare ; denudare ; destituere ; Cic. V 1 1 1. To si- 
lence ; interpellare ; interrumpere ; Cic. ; intercipere, 
Quint. ; silentium imperare, Plin. IX. To abbre- 
viate ; contrahere, Cic. ; breviare, Quint. ; decurtare, 
Plin. X. To cut off a limb ; amputare. To cut off 
with a shilling; haereditate excludere, Cic. To cut off 
from the church ; aliquera ab ecclesiae corpore segregare ; 
ab ecclesiae communione excludere; alicui sacris inter- 

To CUT OUT. v. a. I. To shape ; formare; formam 
describere ; forma, or formis, expnmere. II. To con- 
trive ; excogitare ; invenire ; animo formare, Cic. ; conci- 
pere, Quint. III. To adapt; accommodare ; aptare ; 
Cic. Cut out for ; aptus ; idoneus ad. IV. To debar ; 
privare ; destituere'; praecludere ; Cic. V. To outdo ; 
superare ; exsuperare ; antecellere ; praestare ; esse su- 
periorem ; praacellere ; Cic. 

To CUT SHORT, v. a. I. To abridge ; contrahere, Cic. ; 
in breve cogere, Hor. ; coarctare, Cic. ; breviare, Quint. ; 
minuere ; diminuere ; imminuere. II. To hinder from 
proceeding by sudden interruptions ; cohibere ; inhibere ; 

moram injicere To cut short this discourse ; ut paucis 

absolvam, Sail. 

To CUT UP. v. a. I. To carve; minute concidere.Cic. ; 

in frusta secare, Varr. ; obsonium scindere, Sen To 

cut up a dead body ; corpora mortuorum incidere, Cels. 

II. To eradicate ; penitus exscindere, Hor. ; stirpitu* 

exigere, Cic. ; exstirpare ; evertere ; evellere. 

To CUT. v. n. or a. I. To make its way by dividing ob- 
structions (as a tooth) ; oriri, Ov. : or, nascere, Cels. 
II. To perform the operationof lithotomy ; caldulum per 
sectionem eximere, Cels. III. (As a horse) } calces 
calcibus illidere. 

CUT. s. I. The separation of continuity by a sharp 
instrument; incisio, Col.; sectura; concissura; Plin. ; 
l made by art ; canalis, is, 
1 1 1 . A part cut off. from 
; particula; pars, Cic 
um. IV. A small par- 

insectura, Sen. II. A channel made by art; canalis, is, 
m., Col. ; fistula ; fossa, Plin. III. Af 
the rest ; segmen ; segmentum 

The cut of a loaf ; panis frustum". IV. A small pa 
tide ; particula, ae, f. ; fragmentum, Cjc. ; recisamentum, 
Plin. V. A near passage ; via brevior, Cic. ; com- 
pendiaria, Plin. VI. A print ; tabula ; imago scalpro 
excusa, or incisa. VII. Stamp on which a picture is 
carved; tabula. VIII. Dividing a pack of cards ; 
foliorum lusoriorum divisio. IX. Fashion, form, 
shape, manner of cutting ; concisio They are of the 
same cut ; ej usdem farinae sunt, Cic. 

CUTANEOUS, a. Cuticularis. 

CUTICLE, s. I. The scarf-skin ; cuticula, Pers. ; 
summa cutis, Curt. II. A thin skin formed on the 
surface of any liquor ; pelucula. 

CUTICULAR. a. Cuticularis. 

CUTLASS. *. Acinaces, is, m., Hor. ; gladius latior et 

CUTLER, s. Cultrorum faber. 

CUTLET, s. Costa. (Of mutton) ; vervecina (Of 
pork) ; porcina ; offula, Mart. ; offella, Col. 

CUTPURSE. s. Fur ; latrunculus ; zonarius, Plaut. ; 
manticularius, Ter. ; secarius, Ulp. 

CUTTER, s. I. One who cuts; sector A stone- 
cutter; lapicida, 3?, m. II. A cutting instrument; 
instrumentum acutum; culter. III. A sort of boat ; 
cymbula, ae, f., Plin. ; linter exiguus, Tibull. ; navicula, 
Cic. IV, PL, The cutters ; dentes incisores, Cels. 

CUT-THROAT, s. Sicarius, ii, m., Hor. ; percussor ; in- 
terfector ; Cic. ; homicida, ae, m., Quint. 

CUT-THROAT, a. Cruentus ; ferus ; inhumanus ; bar- 
barus. A cut-throat place ; locus caedibus infamis. 

CUTTING, s. A piece cut off; segmen, Cell. ; recisa- 
mentum, Plin.; assula, Plaut.; secamentum, Plin. 
Cuttings of wood; schidia, Vitr. Cutting of a tree ; 
talea ; taleola, ae, f. ; Col. ; clavpla ; clavula ; Varr. 
Cutting of a vine ; sarmentum, Cic. 

CUTTING, a. Aculeatus ; acerbus ; mordax ; acutus ; 
acer ; pungens ; contumeliosus ; Cic. ; satyricus, Plin. 

CUTTLE, s. I. A fish ; sepia, ae, f., Cic. ).$.'. A 
foul-mouthed fellow ; calumniator ; maledicus ; obtrec- 
tator, Cic. 

CYCLE, s. A round of time ; cyclus (Of the sun) ; 
Solaris. (Of the moon); lunaris (Of a star) ; astri 
conversio, Cic., orbis, Curt. 

CYCLOPJEPIA. s. Encyclics disciplina, Vitr. ; doc- 
Irinae orbis, Quint. 

CYCLOPS, s. Cyclops, opis, m., Virg. 

CYGNET, s. Cycnus, i, m., Cic. ; olor, Plin. 

CYLINDER. *. Cylindrus, i, m., Virg. 

CYLINDRIC or CYLINDRICAL, a. Cylindraceus, Plin. 

CYMBAL, s. A musical instrument ; cymbalum, i, n., 
Cic To play on the cymbals ; cymbala quatere, or 

CYNEGETICS. . The art of hunting ; ars venatoria, or 

CYNIC, s. A philosopher of the snarling or currish 
sort ; cynicus, Cic. 

CYNICAL or CYNIC, g. Severus : rigidus ; asper ; Cic, ; 
mordax, Ov.; satyricus, Plin A cynical fellow ; qui 
frontem perfricuit, Cic. ; Mart. 

CYNOSURE, s. A constellation; Ursa, or Arctos, minor; 
Cynosura, ae, f., Cic. 

CYPRESS-TREE, s. Cupressus, i, f., Virg. ; cupressus, 

us, f., Col Made of cypress ; cupressinus, Col.; cu- 

presseus, Plin A grove of cypress trees ; cupressetum, 


To DAB. v. a. Aspergere ; impingere. 

DAB. s. I. A small lump ; particula ; segmen ; seg. 
mentum, Plin. ; frustum ; fragmentum, Cic. II. A blow 
with something soft or moist ; aspersio ; respersus ; Cic. ; 
alapa. III. Something moist thrown upon one ; luti, 
or aquae lutulentae, aspersio, Cic. ; lutum injectum. 

IV. A kind of small flat fish ; rhombus, i, m., Juv. 

V. (In low language) ; A man expert at something ; homo 
habilis, sciens, peritus ; artis antistes ; artifex peritus, 
Cic. VI. (In the pi.), Mean linen or woollen clotlis ; 
cento ; panniculus lacer, Caes. ; vestis dilabida, Plin. 

To DABBLE, v. a. To besprinkle ; inquinare ; conspurca- 
re ; maculare ; oblinere ( With mud) ; luto conspurcare, 
aspergere, oblinere, Cic., coinquinare, Mart. ; coano col- 

linere, Plaut ( The hands with blood) ; sanguine manus 

inficere ; cruentare ; cruore imbuere. 

To DABBLE, v. . I. To move in water or mud ; 
in luto vestigiis volutari, Cjc. ; lutum subigere, Col 
(As a duck) ; rostro ccenum agitare . II. To do any 
thing superficially ; opus praepropere agere. To dabble 
with ; rei se admiscere, Ter. ; rem tractare, Cic. 

DABBLER, s. I. One who plays in water ; qui lutum 
subigit, Col., or agitat. A duck; anas, II. A 

bungler ; artifex imperitus. III. A meddler ; ardelio, 
onis, m., Phaedr. 

DACTYL, s. Dactylus, i, m., Cic. 

DAD or DADDY, s. Papas, or pappas, as, m. To call 
daddy ; pappare, Pers. 

D-EDAL. a. Varius; variatus; multicolor; Cic. 

Asphodelus, i, m. 5 hastula regia, Plin. ; narcissus, i, 
m., Virg. 

To DAFT. v. a. Aspernari ; spernere ; despicere ; con- 
temnere, Cic. ; repudiare, Ter. ; respuere ; dedignari, Cic. 

DAG. s. I. A dagger; sica, ae, f. j pugio, f., Cic. ; 
sicula, Plaut.; pugiunculus, Cic. II. A hand-gun; 
brevioris modi sclopetus. 

To DAG. v. a. Secare; resecarej caedere ; incidere 
To dag sheep ; oves tondere, Cic. 

DAGGER, s. Sica, ae, f . ; pugio, f., Cic. A small 
dagger; sicula, Plaut.; pugiunculus, or pugiunculum, 
Cic To be at daggers drawn; capitali odio inter se 
dissidere, Cic. 

To DAGGLE, v. a. and n. In luto volutare, or volutari, 
Cic. ; conspurcare, Col. ; cceno aspergere, or oblinere, 
Cic. ; luto inficere. 

DAGGLED-TAIL or DAGGLE-TAIX. a. Cceno oblitus, 
Cic. ; luto aspersus, Hor. ; lutosus, Plin. 

DAILY, a. Quotidianus, Cic. 

DAILY, ad. Quotidie; singulis diebus ; in singulos 
dies ; Cic. 

DAINTILY, ad. Delicate; molliter; Cic. 

DAINTINESS, s. I. Delicacy; mollities victus; mol- 
lissimus cultus. II. Nicety; elegantia; munditia ; 
Cic.; mundities, Catull.; concinnitas, Cic. III. Squeam- 
iskness; fastidium, ii, n., Cic. ; fastidia, 32, f., Hor. 

DAINTY, a. I. Delicious ; jucundissimus ; delicatus ; 
Cic.; suavissimus. II. Nice, squeamish; fastidiosus, 
Cic.; fastidii plenus, Plaut. III. Ceremonious; ni- 
mis sedulus ; justo ofliciosior ; in officiis nimius ; in comi- 
tatem effusior. IV. Affectedly fine ; nimis exquisitus ; 
studiosius accersitus ; Cic. Dainty bits } escae molliculae, 

DAINTY, s. Esca exquisita; suavissimus icifaus ; Cic. 
Dainties ; cupedise ; or, cupedia, n. pi., Cic. ; bellaria, 

DAIRY, s. Lactaria cella, Varr. 

DAISY. *. Bellis, idis, f., Plin. 

DALE. s. Vallis, is, f., Cic. ; Virg. ; vallecula, Fest. ; 
convallis, Virg. 

DALLIANCE, s. I. Interchange of caresses ; acts of 
fondness ; blanditiae, Cic. ; jocus; nugae. II. Delay j 
mora ; cunctatio ; dilatio. 



To DALLY, v. n, I. To trifle ; ineptire, Ter. ; ad 
ineptias abire ; nugas agere ; inepte facere, Cic. II. 
fo sport, frolic ; jocari ; nugari ; Cic. ; lascivire, Sen. ; 
ludere ; lusitare. III. To delay; differre; procrasti- 
nare ; morari ; cunctari ; Cic. 

DALMATIC, s. Dalmatica, sub. vestis. 

DAM. s. I. A mother (speaking of beasts) ; mater, 
Cic. : genitrix, Virg. II. A mole, or bank to confine 
water ,- moles ; agger ; Cic. ; pulvinus, Vitr. 

To DAM UP. v. a. To confine by moles ; molem jacere, 

DAMAGE, s. Damnum ; detrimentum ; incommodum ; 
jactura ; pernicies, Cic. 

DAMAGES, s. pi. (In law) ; damn! compensatio, or re- 
paratio, Cic. To get costs and damages ; litem cum 
impensis obtinere. 

To DAMAGE, v. a. Laedere ; labefactare ; nocere ; 
alicui detrimentum importare, or afferre, Cic. ; damno 
esse, Plin. 

DAMAGEABLE, a. I. Susceptible of hurt ; quoddam- 
num contrahere, Cic., or accipere, Hor., potest. II. 
Mischievous; damnosus, Ter.; noxius ; exitiosus ; 
exitialis ; exitiabilis ; Cic. 

DAMAGED, part. Depravatus. Corn damaged at 
tea ; corrupturn undis frumentum, Virg. 

DAMASK, s. Damasceni operis pannus bombycinus. 

DAMASK, a. In modum panni Damasceni figuris dis- 

To DAMASK, v. a. I. To form flowers upon stuff; 
linteum figuris variare, Lucr. II. To variegate ; vari- 
are ; distinguere ; Cic. III. To adorn steelwork with 
figures ; encausto Damascene variare. IV. To 

damask wine, i. e. to take qff' the cold ; tepefacere. 

DAMASK PLUM or DAMSON, s. Prunum Damascenum, 

DAME. s. I. A lady ; hera, Ter. ; domina, Cic. 
II. A woman; femina ; mulier. A school-dame; ma- 
gistra, Ter. 

To DAMN. v. a. I. To doom to eternal torment ; 
seternis suppliciis addicere, Cic. ; in aliquem aeternis 
poem's animadvertere. II. To condemn; damnare ; 
condemnare ; arguere ; improbare. III. To cry down ; 
obtrectare, Plin. ; carpere, Cic. ; verbis extenuare ; 
exsibilare ; sibiMs consectari, Cic. 

DAMNABLE, a. Damnandus ; exitialis ; exitiabilis ; 
Cic. ; perniciosus ; pestifer ; exsecrandus ; scelestus j 

DAMNABLY, ad. Damnandum in modum ; improbe ; 
nequiter ; nefarie ; sceleste ; Cic. 

DAMNATION, s. Parata in aeternum improbis supplicia; 
or, pcenae quae improbos manent. 

DAMNED, a. JEternis suppliers addictus ; detestandus; 

exsecrandus ; damnatus (Said of a play, or theatrical 

piece) ; sibilis explosus, Cic. 

DAMNIFIC, a. Nocens, Hor. ; perniciosus ; noxius : 
exitialis; Cic. 

To DAMNIFY, v. a. Alicui nocere, obesse ; detri- 
mentum afferre, importare ; damno esse ; laedere, Cic. 

DAMP or DANK. a. I. Moist ; humidus ; madidus ; 

Cic. ; uvidus, Plaut. ; udus ; uliginosus ; Plin To get 

damp; humescere. II. Dejected; maestitia afflictus ; 
demissus ; dejectus ; abjectus ; perculsus. 

DAMP. s. I. Fog, moisture; nebula, Plin. ; humor, 
Cic. ; vapor ; exhalatio, Cic. II. Depression of spirit; 
dejectio ; consternatio ; demissio ; infractio ; abjectio ; Cic. 

To DAMP. v. a- I. To moisten; humectare, Col. ; 
humidare, Cels. ; humidum, or madidum, reddere. 
II. To deject ; animum frangere, infringere, Cic., con- 
sternare, Liv. 

DAMPISH or DANKISH. a. Humidulus, Ov. 

DAMPNESS, s. Humor, in., Cic. 

DAMPY, a. Tristis ; melancholicus, Cic. ; taciturnus ; 
animo demissus ; msestitia afflictus, Cic. 

DAMSEL, s. Virgo ; adolescentula, Ter. ; puella, Cic. ; 
puellula, Catull. 

DAMSON, s. Prunum Damascenum, Mart. 

To DANCE, v. n. Saltare ; tripudiare, Cic. ; corpus 
ad numeros movere, Sen. 

DANCE, s. Saltatio, Cic. ; saltatus, us, Liv. ; tripudium, 
Cic. ; chorea, Ov. 

DANCER, s. Saltator, m. ; saltatrix, f. ; Cic. A little 
dancer ; saltatricula, Cic. A rope-dancer ; funambulus, 
Ter. ; schcenobates, Juv. 

DANCING, s. Saltatio, Cic. ; saltatus, us, Liv. 

DANCING-MASTER, s. Saltandi madster. 

DANCING-SCHOOL. Ludus saltatorius, Vitr. 

DANDELION. 5. A plant; intybum erraticum ; dens 

DANDIPRAT or DAPPERLING, s. Pumilio, Col. ; pumi- 
lius, Stat. ; trossulus, Suet. ; Plaut. 

To DANDLE, v. a. Agitare ; blandiri. 

DANDRIKF or DANDRUFF, s Furfures capitis, Plin. ? 
scabies ; sordes. 

DANDY, s. Trossulus, Plaut. 

DANGER, s. Pei iculum ; discrimen ; Cic. He is in 
danger of his life; in dubio est vita illius, Ter. Free 
frut/i danger ; sine periculo. 

To DANGER, v. a. Aliquem in discrimen adducere, 
in periculum vocare, periculis offerre, Cic. 

DANGEROUS, a. Periculosus, Cic. ; plenus aleae, Hor. 
A dangerous man; homo formidolosus. metuendus, 
cavendus, Cic. 

DANGEROUSLY, ad. Periculose ; cum periculo ; Cic. 
He is dangerously ill ; in periculo mortis est aeger Cels 
DANGEROUSNESS. s. Periculum ; discrimen, Cic. 

To DANGLE, v. n. Pendere ; ultro citroque jactari. 

To DAP. v. n. Aquam leniter aspergere. 

DAPPER, a. Acer ; vividus ; Cic. ; strenuus, Ter. 
alacer ; concinnus ; venustus ; elegans ; Cic. 

DAPPLED, a. Variatus ; variis coloribus, or maculrs, 
distinctus A dappled-grey horse; equus gilvus, or 

To DAPPLE, v. a. Variare ; variis coloribus distin- 
guere, Ov. 

To DARE. v. n. Audere. 

To DARE. v. a. Provocare ; lacessere. To dare 
any thing ; omnia periclitari ; summae rei discrimen 
adire, Cic. ; periculum omne subire, Hor. 

DARE. s. Provocatio, Cic. 

DARING, a. Impavidus, Liv. ; fortis ; acer ; erectus; 
periculi contemptor ; animosus ; audax ; projectus ad 
audendum ; in suscipiendo audax, Cic. ; magnis ausis 
promptus, Tac. A daring crime ; facinus audax. 

DARINGLY, ad. I. Boldly ; impavide, Liv. ; magno 
animo; fortiter; Cic.; strenue ; animose ; audentius ; 
Tac. II. Impudently; impudenter; sine verecundia ; 
Cic. ; contumeliose ; audacter. 

DAHINGNESS. s. Animus ; fidens animus ; auaacia, 

DARK, a Opacus ; obscurus ; umbrosus ; Virg. ; 
tenebrosus, Varr. ; tenebricosus, Cic. ; caliginosus ; 
nebulosus Fig. ; aenigmate involutus, Cic. A dark 
lantern ; laterna caeca It grows dark ; nox appetit, 

DARK. s. Darkness ; tenebrae, Cic. ; obscuritas ; caligo, 
Cic To keep in the dark about a thing; rem occultare. 

To DARKEN, v. a. Obscurare, rei caliginem inducere ; 
noctem, tenebras, offundere, Cic. 

To DARKEN, v. n. Obscurari The sky darkens ; nu- 
bilat ae'r, Varr. 

DARKISH, a. Subobscurus, Cic. ; subnubilus A 

darkish night ; nox subnubila, Cic. 

DARKLING, a. Tenebricosus, Cic. 

DARKLY, ad. Obscure, Cic. 

DARKNESS, s. Obscuritas ; tenebrae ; caligo, Cic 

To dispel the darkness ; tenebras discutere, Cic., dis- 
pellere, Phaedr. The land of darkness ; orcus inferi. 

DARKSOME, a. Opacus; obscurus ; caliginosus; sub- 
nubilus ; Cic. 

DARLING, s. and a. Charus ; delectus ; dulcissimus ; 
qui praecipuo in amore habetur ; deliciae My dar- 
ling! mellille mi, Plaut. ; meum corculum ; anime mi, 
Ter. ; dulcissime rerum, Hor. 

DARN. s. Exacta ad unguem fallensque oculos sutura 

To DARN. v. a. Duas panni lacinias ad unguem com- 
mittere, Bud. 

DARNEL, s. Loliurn, ii, n. 

DART. s. Jaculum ; telum, Cic. ; spiculum, Cic. ; 
pilum, Caas. ; missile, Virg. ; sagitta, Caes. 

To DART. v. a. and n. Tela jacere, conjicere, or vi- 

brare; jaculum contorquere ; jaculari, Cic To dart 

upon one ; ruere ; irruere ; Sail. ; impetum facere, Cic. 

To DASH. v. a. I. To throw suddenly against 

something; jacere; jactare ; injicere. II. To break 
by collision; confringere, Cic.; effringere, Plaut.; alli- 
dere; rumpere ; contundere. III. To throw water in 
flashes ; spargere ; conspergere. I V. To bespatter } as- 
pergere ; respergere ; irrorare. V.To mingle ; miscere ; 
admiscere ; commiscere ; temperare. VI. To confound; 
perturbare ; adversario os occludere. VII. To dash 
in pieces ; atterere ; contundere ; Cic. ; elidere, Virg. To 
dash one's hopes ; frustrari ; de spe dejicere To dash 
the confidence ; percellere ; perturbare To dash the 
drains out caput confringere. To dash a project ; con- 
silium dissolvere, discutere, Cic. To dash over; delere, 
Cic. ; expungere, Plaut. 

To DASH. v. n. Salire ; assilire ; Cic. 

DASH. s. I. Collision; collisus, us, m., Plin. : con- 
flictio; conflictus; Cic.; confligium, Solin. II. In- 
fusion ; paululum. III. Mark in writing; ducta linea. 
IV. A blow ; ictus ; plaga ; Cic. 

DASTARD, s. Ignavus ; imbellis ; timidus ; Cic. ; meti- 
culosus, Plin. 

To DASTARD or DASTARDISE. v. a. Territare ; terrere ; 
conterrere : perterrere ; Cic. ; terrorem incutere, Virg. 

DASTARDY. s. Ignavia ; timiditas ; animi remissio; Cic. 

DASTARDLY, ad. Ignave ; timide ; Cic. 

DATA. s. Manifesta et concessa quantitas. 

DATARY. s. Diarius adscriptor. 

DATE. s. I. The time when a thing was none ; tern- 
pus. The date of a letter; dies epistolae, or litteris, 
iscriptus. II. End ; finis ; terminus ; exitus ; Cic. 
III. Continuance; temporis spatium. IV. A fruit ; 
paima, Plin. ; palmula, Varr. ; palmae pomum, Pliu. 



V. Goods out of date; merx invendibilis, Plaut 
Word* out of date ; verba inusitata, obsoleta, desueta, 

To DATE. v. a. Diem in litteris ascribere, scripto 
apponere. Dated at Home ; epistola Romae data. 

DATE-TREE. *. Phoenix ; palrna. 

DATIVE, s. ( In grammar) ; casus dativus, Quint. ; 
dandi casus, Varr. 

DATIVE, a. (In law); praestitutus ; praescriptus ; im- 
peratus ; mandatus ; edictus. 

To DAUB. v. a. I. To smear with something adhe- 
sive ; linere ; illinere ; Col. ( With pitch) ; pice inducere, 
Vitr __ ( With mortar) ; parietem trullissare. II. To 
paint coarsely ; rudiori penicillo pingere ; inepte, or iu- 
sulse, pingere. III. To disguise; tegere ; contegere; 
rei velum prastendere, Cic. ; speciem alicnam inducere. 
IV. To lay on ostentatiously ; in falsum augere, 
Tac. V. To flatter grossly ; assentari ; adularij Cic. 

DAUB. s. Inscita, rudis, or inconcinna, pictura. 

DAUBER, s. Rudis, or ineptus, pictor. 

DAUBY, a. Glutinosus ; viscosus ; lentus. 

DAUGHTER, s. Filia; nata; Hor. Granddaughters 
neptis. Great-granddaughter ; proneptis. Great- 
great-granddaughter ; abneptis. Daughter-in-law; 
privigna; nurus, us j Cic. 

To DAUNT, v. a. Alicui terrorem injicere ; metum in- 
cutere ; territare ; terrere ; perterrere. 

DAUNTLESS, a. Impavidus, Hor. ; timore, or metu, 
vacuus, Cic. 

DAUNTLESSNESS. s. Animi firmitas, Cic. ; interritus 

DAUPHIN, s. The eldest son of the king of France ; 
Delphinus Franciae. 

To DAWN. v. n. Dilucescere ; lucescere ; Cic. 

DAWN. s. I. The aurora; diluculum ; aurora ; Cic. 
At dawn ; diluculo primo ; cum prima luce, Per. ; 
sub solis ortum, Liv. II. Fig., Beginning; initium; 
principium ; orsus ; primordium ; Cic. 

DAY. s. Dies, m., f. ; lux, Cic/ This day; dies ho- 
diernus. To-day; hodie The day following; postera 
dies. The day before ; pridie. Three, four, five, six 

days ago ; nudius tertius, quartus, quintus, sextus, Cic. 
In a few days ; intra paucos dies, Liv. ; in paucis die- 
bus, Ter. By day ; diurnus, Cic. Every day; quo- 

tidie ; singulis diebus. Every other day ; altero quoque 
die __ Space of two days; biduum -- (Of three days); 
triduum Ten days hence ; abhinc decem diebus, Cic. 

A festival day; dies festus, Cic. ; lux festa, Hor.; 
festum, Ov __ From day to day; in dies; in dies sin- 
gulos __ To the day ; ad diem datam, or congtitutam, 
Cic. To name the day; diem alicui constituere, Cic 
To wish good day; alicui salutem impertire, Cic Some 
day; aliquandof A fine day; dies luculentus, or apri- 
cus. ~jl-fktrk day ; dies subnubilus. A long day ; dies 
aestivus __ A short day ; dies contractus, angustus. To 
pass one's days; vitam agere. In our days; nostra 
aetate; aevo nostro, Plin __ Near the end of his days; 
prope acta jam aetate. 

DAY-BOOK, s. Adversaria (sc. scripta), orum, n. pi. ; 
diurni commentarii. 

DAYBREAK or DAYSPRING. s. Diluculum, Cic. 

DAY-LABOUR, s. Diurnus labor ; diurna opera ; Cic. 

DAY-LABOURER, s. Opera, ae, m. ; operarius ; Cic. 

DAY-LIGHT, s. Dies ; lux ; claritas j lumen, Cic 
In broad day-light ; luce palam, Cic. It is broad day- 
light; diei jam multum est. Plaut. 

DAY-STAR, s. Stella diurna, Plaut. The morning 
star ; Lucifer, Cic. 

DAY-TIME, s. Dies ; lux. 

DAY-WORK, s. Opera diurna. 

To DAZZLE. v. a. Oculos, or oculorum aciem, per- 
stringere, Cic. ; oculis caliginem offundere, Liv (The 
mind) ; mentem caecare, Cic. 

To DAZZLE, v. n. To be overpowered with light ; 
caligare, Cic / am dazzled; oculi fulgore stupent, Hor. 

To be dazzled by appearances ; rerum specie capi. 
DEACON, s. Diaconus. 

DEACONESS, s. Diaconissa. 

DEACONRY or DEANSHIP. *. Diaconatus, us, m. 

DEAD, a.&ndpart. I. Without life ; mortuus; de- 
mortuus ; Cic. ; exanimus, Virg __ Killed; necatus ; in- 
teremptus; occisus, Cic. (With hunger) ; fameenectus, 
Cic Half dead; intermortuus, Cic / am dead; 
peril. II. Empty; vacuus; inanis; Cic.; exhaustus, 
Liv. III. Dull; tristis ; maestus ; tnelancholicus, Cic. 
IV. Obtuse; imbecillis ; imbecillus ; debilis ; infirmus ; 
languens ; languidus, Cic. V. Not affecting ; frigidus. 

A dead style; exsangue, frigidum, dicendi genus. 

VI. Vapid (said of liquors) ; cujus sapor evanuit ; 
cujus spiritus diffugit, Lucr. ; saporis expers. VII. 
Useless; inutilis j ad nullam partem utilis. VIII. 
Numbed ; torpens, Cic. ; torpidus, Liv. ; sopitus, Ov. 
IX A dead body ; cadaver The dead ; mortui ; morte 
deleti, Cic. A dead tree; arbor demortua. A dead 
sleep; somnus gravis, or altior. Dead, asleep; somno 
gravatus __ Dead water ; aqua stagnans, torpens, pigra, 
rlin., reses, Varr., situ corru-pta A dead place ; locus 

oh omni turba vacuus ; ab oculis et hominum con* 
victu remotus ; Cic A dead calm ; tranquillitas. The 
sea is dead calm ; mare sopitum est, Plin. ; stat ventis 
placidum, Virg. To fall dead ; concidere mortuus ; 
procumbere exanimis, Curt Dead in law; abaliena- 
tus jure civium, Liv. Dead money (which brings no 
interest in); otiosa pecunia, Plin. 

DEAD. s. The dead of night ; noctis silentium, Liv. ; 
conticinium, Varr. ; nox silens, Virg. ; silentium altum. 

To DEADEN, v. a. I. To deprive of sensation ; 
exstinguere ; restinguere ; sedare ; compescere. To 
deaden pain ; aegritudinem obtundere, or elevare, Cic. 

To deaden the fire; ignem exstinguere. II. To 
make vapid ; insulsum reddere ; hebetem reddere ; Cic. 

To DEADEN, v. n. Exstingui ; resoivi ; remittere; 
defervescere, Ter. 

DEADLY, a. I. Murderous ; lethalis, Virg. ; mor- *- 
tiferus, Cels.; exitialis ; exitiabilis ; lethifer, Cic. A ' 
deadly disease; morbus lethifer, mortiferus, Cic. To 
be deadly sick ; mortifere aegrotare, Plin Deadly sin ; ' ' 
peccatum lethiferum, lethale. II. Implacable; impla- 

cabilis, Cic A deadly enemy ; hostis capitalis, Cic. 

Deadly hatred; odium capitate, Cic., implacabile, Liv., 
hostile, Cic. Deadly pain; dolor acerbissimus, Cic. 

To bear deadly hatred to ; capital! odio ab aliquo 
dissidere, Cic. 

DEADLY, ad. I. In a manner resembling the dead ; 
more mortuorum. II. Mortally; mortifere; letha- 
liter; Plin. III. Implacably ; implacabiliter, Tac. 
IV. Extremely; maxime ; perquam ; admodum; mag- 
nopere ; valde; Cic Deadly pale; letho pallidior, 

DEADNESS. s. I. Want of ardour of affection ; fri- 
gus. II. Languor; torpor; stupor; virium defectio ; 
debilitas, Cic. ; imbecillitas ; languor ; Cic. III. Vapid- 
ness ; nullus in cibo sapor, Plin. ; fatuitas ; insulsitas ; 
Cic. ; hebes gustus, us. 

DEAF. a. Surdus ; auribus captus, Cic. 

To DEAFEN, v. a. Aliquem exsurdare, Plin. ; aures 
hebetiores reddere, Cic.; hebetare, Cels. To deafen 
with noise ; aures obtundere, Cic. 

To DEAFEN, v. n. To grow deaf; obsurdescere ; 
surdum fieri, Cic.; exsurdari, Val. Max To turn a 
deaf ear to ; aliquem auribus respuere, Cic. 

DEAFISH, a. Surdaster, Cic. 

DEAFLY, ad. Oculte ; latenter ; secreto ; sine strepitu ; 

DEAFNESS. . Surditas, Cic. 

DEAL. s. I. Quantity; parsmagna; vis ingens, or 

magna ; Cic A great deal ; multum ; plurimum. A 

deal of money ; argenti vis ingens A deal of labour ; 

labor plurimus, Hor. II. Wood of the fir tree; abies, 
Cic. ; sapinus, Plin. Made of deal ; abiegnus, Cic. ; 
sapineus, Col. 

To DEAL. v. a. I. To distribute; distribuere ; dis- 
pertiri : dilargiri ; dividere, Cic. II. To scatter ; dis- 
jicere, Virg. ; spargere, Cic. III. To give gradually ; 
singulatim tradere, Cic. IV To deal cards ; folia 
lusoria dispertiri To deal blows ; densis ictibus pul- 
sare, Virg. ; ictus densare, Tac. 

To DEAL. v. n. I. To trade; negotiari ; mercaturas, 
Plaut., or mercaturam, Cic., facere ; commercium facere, 
Plin. II. To intervene ; negotio se alterius causa im- 
miscere, Ter. III. To behave, toad; agere ; se gerere. /" 

To deal wisely ; sapientem se prsebere. To deal well 
by any one ; cum aliquo bene, or praeclare, agere, Cic. 

To deal friendly by ; amice facere, Cic. To deal 
cruelly; crudelitatem in aliquo exercere, Cic To 
deal in a matter; negotio se implicare, Cic., misceri, 

To DEAL WITH. v. a- 1. To use wett or ill; agere 
(Knavishly) ; improbe facere. (Honourably) ; honeste in 
aliquem se gerere (Harshly) ; cum aliquo summo jure 
agere, Cic. II. To contend with ; resistere ; obsistere ; 
repugnare ; reluctari ; decertare To deal with equal 
forces ; compari marte concurrere, Liv. ; aequis viribus 
dimicare. Curt. Able to deal with a man ; alteri par. 
III. To manage ; moderare ; gerere; gubernare ; 
administrare. IV An easy man to deal with ; homo 
facillimus, commodis moribus, lenis et facilis, commodus, 

Cic A hard man to deal with; homo difficilis et mo- 

rosus, Cic. 

DEALER. *. I. One who has to do with any thing ; 
qui in aliqua re versatur ; qui alicui rei se immiscet, or 
implicat ; qui aliquam rem tractat, or exercet A dou- 
ble dealer; fraudator ; veterator ; fall ax. II. A 
trader ; mercator, Cic. ; qui mercaturam exercet ; 
emptor A wholesale dealer ; solidarius venditor, Bud. 

A retail dealer ; mercis dividuae mercator ; propola 
A fair dealer j homo bona, or optima, fide ; vir probus, 

DEALING, s. I. Practice ; actio ; consilium clandes- 
tinum, Nep. II. Intercourse; commercium; usus ; 
consuetude ; consociatio ; societas. III. Mode of treat- 
ing; ratio; modus; agendi modus, genus. IV. Busi- 
ness ; mercatura ; mercatus, us ; Cic. ; negotiatio, Sen. ; 
mercatio, Cell. ; commercium, Plin. 

"'"* ^ 


DEALT WITH. part. Tractatus ; habitus Kindly 

dealt with ; benigne tractatus ; egregie exceptus, Cic. 

DEAMBULATION. s. Ambulatio ; deambulatio ; or, in- 
ambulatio, Cic. 
DEAN. 5. Decanus. 

DEANERY, s. Addictae decano aedes. 

DEANSHIP. s. The office and rank of a dean; decani 
munus ; decanatus, us, m. 

DEAR. a. I. Beloved; carus ; dilectus. II. Va- 
luable ; carus; pretiosus. Dearer than life; ipsa vita 
antiquior, or potior Provisions are dear; annona 
pretium habet, Cic. : (were dear) ; annona laboratum 
est. A dear tradesman; nimium pretiosus, Plaut. ; 
qui avare pretium arti suse statuit, Ter. III. Scarce ; 

DEAR. s. (A word of endearment) ; charissime ; dul- 
cissime rerum, Hor. 

DEAR. ad. Oh dear! ehem ! hem! at enim ! ah! 
heu ! proh mi ! Ter. 

DEAR-BOUGHT, a. Magno pretio, or magni. emptus ; 
quod care, or magno, constat. 

DEARLY, ad. I. With great fondness ; amantissime ; 
studiosissime ; ex animo ; summa voluntate, or benevo- 
lentia, Cic. ; ardenter ; vehementer. II. At a high 
price ; care, Cic. ; magno. To be purchased dearly ; 
magno constare That was purchased dearly ; id care 
emi, Hor. ; mihi magno constat, Plin. 

DEARNESS. s. I. Fondness; singularis erga aliquem 
amor, or voluntas, Cic. ; caritas ; benevolentia ; pro- 
pensus animus ; studium, Cic. II. Scarcity ; raritas, 
Plin. ; paucitas ; infrequentia.'Cic. ; penuria, Ter (Of 
provisions) ; annonae caritas, or difficultas, Cic. : gravitas, 

DEARTH, s. Penuria ; inopia, Cic. (Of provisions) ; 
gravis annona General dearness ; rerum omnium 
inopia, Cic. 

To DEARTICULATE. v. a. To disjoint ; os sua sede 
movere, Cels. ; luxare membrum, Plin. 

DEATH, s. Mors ; interitus ; obitus ; Cic. ; decessus 
Natural death ; fatum, Cic. ; ultima necessitas, Ter. ; 
mors simplex, Sail. Violent death ; nex. Premature 
death ; immaturus interitus, Cic Hour of death ; 
hora suprema. Day of death ; emortualis dies, Plin. 
To hasten one's death ; mortem alicui maturare : (one's 
own death) \ mortem anticipare, Suet. ; necem sibi con- 
sciscere, Cic. To die a noble death ; gloriosius obire. 

To condemn to death ; capite damnare To put to 

death ; occidere ; extremo supplicio afficere ; morte 
mulctare, Cic. It is death ; crimen capitale est, Cic 
The punishment of death ; pcsna ultima, Liv. On pain 
of death ; sub mortis, or capitis, pcena, Suet. 


DEATHLESS, a. Immortalis, Cic. A deathless me- 
mory; cujus perennis est memoria. 

DEATHLIKE, a. Instar mortis, Cic. 

DEATH'S-MAN. s. Carnifex ; tortor ; Cic. 

To DEAURATE. v. a. Inaurare, Hor. ; auro perfun- 
dere, Sen. ; auri bracteas inducere, Plin. 

DEAURATION. s. Auratura, Quint. ; ars inaurandi. 

To DKBAR. v. a. Aliquem a re cxcludere, Cic. ; pri- 
vare ; orbare. 

To DEBARK, v. a. Exscensionem facere, Liv. ; copias 
in terram exponere, Caes. 

To DEBARK, v. n. In terram evadere, Liv. 

DEBARKATION, s. Exscensio, Caas. ; exscensus, us, Liv. 

To DEBASE, v. a. I. To reduce to a lower state ; 
deprimere; demittere ; deminuere ; detrahere. II. 
To make mean ; in contemptionem adducere, Cic. ; ab- 
jectum et vilem reddere, Cic. ; rei contemptum afferre, 
Plin. ; depravare ; vitiare ; corrumpere To debase 
coin ; adulterare pecuniam, Cic The debasing of coin ; 
nummorum adulteratio, Cic. 

DEBASEMENT or DEBASING, s. Demissio ; depressio ; 
submissio ; abjectio ; contemptio ; adulteratio, Cic. 

DEBATABLE, a. De quo disputari potest ; quod in con- 
troversiam vocari potest, Cic. 

DEBATE, s. I. A controversy; contentio ; concer- 
tatio ; controversia ; rixa, Cic. ; disceptatio, Cic. II. A 
contest ; contentio ; jurgium; altercatio. 

To DEBATE, v. a. and n. De re contendere, concer- 
tare, decertare, disserere, disceptare ; rixari ; disputare, 
Cic. ; Hor. ; rem agitare. 

DEBATEFUL. a. I. (Used of persons) 5 rixosus, Col. ; 
jurgiosus, Cell. ; rixae cupidus. II. (Applied to things) ; 
dubius ; controversus ; incertus ; ambiguus ; quod in 
controversiam vocari potest, Cic. 

DEBATER. 5. Qui disserit, or disceptat, de aliqua re. 

To DEBAUCH, v. a. Aliquem ad nequitiam abducere, 
Ter. ; pravis moribus imbuere, Cic To debauch a wo- 
man ; virginem in stuprum illicere. 

DEBAUCH, s. Helluatio ; compotatio ; comessatio ; 

perpotatio ; Cic. Nightly debauch ; nocturna bacchatip, 

To commit a debauch ; perpotare ; pergraecari ; 

DEBAUCHEE, s. Homo perditissimus et profligatissi- 
rnus, Cic. ; helluo, Hor. ; popino ; comessator, Cic. ; 
vir libidinosus, dissolutus ; ganeo ; scortator ; Cic. 


DEBAUCHER. s. Corruptor, Cic. 

DEBAUCHERY, s. Licentia morum ; vita dissolution 
Cic. ; libido solutior, Liv. ; bacchatio, Cic. ; commessa- 

To DEBELLATE. v. a. Debellare, Virg. ; Ij v . devin- 
cere ; domare ; subigere ; superare ; Cic. 

DEBENTURE, s. Syngraphus, or syngrapha ; chirogra- 
phus, Plaut. ; cautip, Cic. 

DEBILE. a. Debilis ; imbecillis ; imbecillus ; infirmus; 

To DEBILITATE, v. a. Debilitare, Cic. ; effrin^ere, 
PHn. ; enervare ; vires imminuere, Cic. 

DEBILITATION, s. Debilitatio, Cic. ; virium defeetio, 

DEBILITY, s. Debilitas, Cic. ; infirmitas ; imbecil- 
litas, Cic. 

DEBONAIR, a. Elegans ; perelegans ; mundus ; venus- 
tus ; concinnus ; lenis ; mitis ; Cic. 

DEBONAIRLY, ad. Obsequenter, Plin. ; indulgenter, 
Cic. ; concinne ; venuste ; leniter. 

DEBT. s. Nomen; aes alienum To be in debt; a?s 
alienum habere ; in aere alieno esse ; Cic. To run into 
debt ; aes alienum facere, or contrahere ; aere alieno se 
constringere, Cic. To be over head and ears in debt , 
aere alieno obrui, oppressum esse, or demergi. To pay 
one's debts; nomen dissolvere ; aes alienum lucre, Curt.; 

eere alieno se liberare; ex aere alieno emergere, Cic 

To pay all one's debts ; nomina sua expedire, Cic. Not 

to pay one's debts; nominibus non respondere, Sen 

To forgive one his debts ; creditam debitori pecuniam 
condonare, Cie. 

DEBTOR, s. Debitor, Cic. A good debtor ; bonum 
nomen, Cic. He is my debtor ; est in meis nomiuibus, 

DECADE, s. Decas, Liv. 

DECADENCY, s. Rerum inclinatio, Cic. ( Of an em- 
pire) ; imperil inclinatio, Cic. ; Sen. ; Flor. 

DECALOGUE, s. Decalogus, Eccl. 

To DECAMP, v. n. I. To shift the camp; castra 
movere ; or simply, movere. II. To move off; in fugam 
se conjicere, Cic. ; fugam capere, capessere, Liv. ; 
abire; abscedere; subducerese; recipere se ; Cies. 

DECAMPMENT, s. Castrorum motio ; e castris disces- 
sus, us. 

To DECANT, v. a. Decapulare ; elutriare, Plin. ; 
transfundere, Col. 

DECANTATION. s. Actio decapulandi. 

DECANTER, s. I. A glass vessel ; ampulla potoria, 
Mart.; lagena, Phaedr. II. One who decants ; capula- 
tor, Col. 

To DECAPITATE, v. a. Capite plectere ; securi ferire, 
or percutere, Cic. ; decollare, Sen. ; collum secare ; 
caput abscindere. 

To DECAY, v. n. I. To fall to ruin ; concidere, Cic.; 
sublabi, Virg.; declinare; in pejus ruere. II. To 
wither ; marcere ; deflorescere, Cic. ; marcescere, Col. ; 
deperire ; evanescere Decayed with age} senio, or 
aetate, confectus, Cic. 

To DECAY, v. a. Rei marcorem inducere ; marcidum 
efficere ; ritiare ; deprarare ; labefactare. 

DECAY, s. Rerum inclinatio ; deperditio, Cic. ; de- 
cessio ; imminutio ; occasus ; ruina, Cic. 

DECEASE, s. Decessus ; obitus ; interitus ; mors. 

To DECEASE, v. n. E vita decedere, or exire ; mor- 
tem obire, Cic. ; fato fungi. 

DECEIT, s. Fraus ; fallacia; dolus ; Cic. 

DECEITFUL, a. Fallax ; dolosus ; subdolus ; fraudu- 
lentus ; veteratorius, Cic. 

DECEITFULLY, ad. Dolose ; subdole ; Cic. ; per frau- 
dem, Col. ; fraudulenter, Plin. ; veteratorie, Cic. 

DECEITFULNESS. s. Fallacia. 

DECEIVABLE or DECEPTIBLE. a. I. Exposed to im- 
posture ; fraudi apertus ; qui facile decipi potest. II. 
Deceitful; fallax; callidus ; fraudulentus ; dolosus; sub- 
dolus ; vafer. 

To DECEIVE, v. a. Aliquem fallere, declpere ; in er- 
rorem, or captionem, inducere ; in fraudem impellere ; 
alicui imponere, fucum facere, Cic To be deceived ; 
falli ; errare ; allucinari ; errore duci ; per errorem labi. 

DECEIVER, s. Fraudator ; deceptor ; reterator, Sen. ; 
homo fraudulentus, Cic. 

DECEMBER, s. December. 

DECEMVIRATE. s. Decemviratus, us ; decemviralis ; 

DECENCE or DECENCY, s. Decorum ; condecentia, 
Cic. ; decentia ; modestia, Cic. 

DECENNIAL, a. Decennalis, Liv. 

DECENT, a, Decens ; decorus, Cic. ; conveniens ; 
congruens ; modestus, Cic It is decent ; decet ; con- 
deoet ; Cic. 

DECENTLY, ad. Decore ; decenter ; Cic. ; ut decet, 
Ov. ; congruenter ; apte ; convenienter ; modeste, Cic. 

DECEPTION, s. Deceptio, Vitr. ; dolus ; fraus ; fal- 
lacia, Cic. 


To DECHARM. v. a. Incantamenta solvere ; illecebris 
animura exsolvere. 




To DECIDE, v. a. De re decidere, statuere, cpnsti- 
tuere, decernere, terminare, finire, finem facere, dijudi- 

care, expedire To decide a question ; controversiam 

dirimere. To decide a quarrel; litem dijudicare. To 
decide by arms ; armis disceptare. 

DECIDENCE. s. Casus ; lapsus, us ; ruina, Cic. 

DECIDER. *. Arbiter ; judex, Cic. 

DECIDUOUS, a. Caducus ; deciduus, Plin. 

To DECIMATE, v. a. I. To tithe ; decumas exigere. 
H. To punish every tenth man ; decumare, Liv. ; 
decimare, Tac. ; sorte deciraum quemque ad suppli- 
cium legere, Liv. 

DECIMATION, s. I. A tithing ; decumarum exactip. 
II. Punishment of every tenth offender; (decimatio 
Capitol.) ; use the verbs. 

To DECIPHER, v. a. I. To explain what is written 
in ciphers; litteras occultis notis exaratas explicare. 

II. To write out; describere ; depingere; effingere. 

III. To characterise ; alicujus vitam depingere, 
Cic. ; naturam et mores aperire, Sail. IV. To un- 
ravel ; impedita explicare ; intricata extricare ; rem di- 
lucidare, enodare, Cic. 

DECIPHERER, s. Litterarum occultis notis exaratarum 

DECIPHERING, s. Litterarum occultis notis exarata- 
rum explicatio. 

DECISION, s. Decisio ; fixum consilium, proposi- 
tum, Cic. ; sententia. (In law) ; Decision of a cause; 
litis dijudicatio. 

DECISIVE or DECISORY. a. Decretorius, Sen A de- 
cisive character; vir consilii non suspensus The deci- 
sive point of a cause ; causae cardo, Quint. ; mucro, 

DECISIVELY, ad. Modo decretorio. 

To DECK. v. a. I. To cover; tegere ; contegere ; 
operire, Cic. To deck a ship ; narem contabulare, 
Front. II. To adorn; ornare ; exornare; decorare, 

DECK. s. I. Floor of a ship ; tabulatum ; fori, Cic. 
II. A pack of cards ; foliorum lusoriorum scapus. 

To DECLAIM, v. n. Declamare. To declaim against; 
in aliquem acerbius invehi, Cic. 

DECLAMATION. *. Declamatio ; actio ; pronunciatio, 
Cic. ; oratio turgida et exaggerata, Cic. ; ampullae, Hor. ; 
insectatio, Liv. 

DECLAMATOR or DECLAIMER. s. Declamator, Cic. ; 

DECLAMATORY, a. I. Pertaining to declamation; 
declamatorius, Cic. ; turgidus, ampullatus. II. Ap- 
pealing to the passions ; excitatorius, Quint. 

DECLARABLE, a. Probabilis ; qui firmissimus argu- 
mentis comprobari potest ; Cic. 

DECLARATION, s. Declaratio ; significatio (Of war) ; 
belli denuntiatio, Liv. 

DECLARATIVE or DECLARATORY, a. Quod animi sen- 
sum aperit. 

DECLARATORILY. ad.. Explicate et distincte ; ex- 
presse ; nominatim ; Cic. 

To DECLARE, v.a. I. To free from obscurity : rem 
illustrare, illuminare, Plin. ; rei illucere, Plaut. ; expli- 
care ; exponere; enodare. II. To make known ; sig- 
nificare ; denuntiare ; patefacere ; aperire ; exponere ; 
profiteri; indicare. III. To proclaim; denuntiare; 
promulgare. To declare war ; bellum indicere. (By 
heralds) ; clarigare, Plin To declare consul; consulem 
declarare, Cic. To declare innocent; culpa eximere, 
Cic., or liberare, exsolvere, Tac To declare guilty ; 
inter reos referre, Cic. To declare love or attachment ; 
studium profiteri, Curt. 

To DECLARE, v. n. To declare one's self patron; 
alicujus patronum se profiteri. To declare for the se- 
nate ; inclinare se ad causam senatQs, Liv. To declare 
for neither ; neutri favere. Victory declared for neither ; 
ancipiti marte bellum gestum est, Liv. 

DECLENSION, s. I. Decline; inclinatio, Cic. ; ruina. 
II. Descent ; propensio ; casus ; lapsus. III. (In 
grammar) ; declinatio, Varr. IV. The declension of 
manners ; morum depravatio, corruptio, Cic. The de- 
clension of a mountain; declivitas, Caes. ; devexitas, 
Plin. ; collis dejectus, us. 

DECLINABLE, a. Quod declinari potest. 

DECLINATION, s. I Decline; inclinatio. II. 
Sending down ; inflexio ; inclinatio ; demissio ; sub- 
mibsio, Cic. III. Oblique motion; motus obliquus. 

IV. Variation from a fixed point ; variatio, Liv. ; 
mutatio, Cic. ; flexip. (Of the compass); acus nauticse, 
or magnetics, declinatio. V. (In navigation, astro- 
nomy, grammar) ; declinatio ; flexiones, Cic. 

DECLINE. 5. Rerum inclinatio, Cic. ; ruina. Con- 
sumption ; consumptio ; lenta tabes, Cic. The decline 
of the moon ; lunae decrescentia, Vitr. The decline of 
day ; dies inclinatus, Cic., decedens, Virg. The decline 
of life ; setatis flexus, us ; ingravescens aetas ; Cic. In 
the decline of life ; state declivis, Plin. The decline of 
beauty ; deflorescens forma dignitas. The decline of an 
empire; imperil senectus ; consenescens imperium, 


To DECLINE, v.a. I. To bend downward; inflec- 
tere, Catull. ; deprimere ; proclinare ; inclinare, Ov. 
II. To shun; a re declinare, vitare, devitarc, effugere, 'ft 
negare ; denegare ; abnegare ; abnuere ; recusare ; re- * 
pudiare, Cic. III. (In grammar) ; nomen declinare. 

To DECLINE, v. n. I. To lean downward; inclinare ; 
propendere ; vergere ; proclinare ; Cic. II. To de- 
viate ; e loco recedere, or digredi ; aberrare ; declinare ; 
de via decedere, Cic. ; deerrare, Quint. III. To avoid; 
evitare ; vitare; fugere; effugere; recusare. IV. To 
decay ; inclinare ; marcescere ; decrescere ; deflores- 
cere ; degenerare ; vitiari j Cic Declining years; aetas 
provecta, Cic. 

DECLIVITY, s. Declivitas, Caes.; devexitas, Plin.; 
clivus, Cic. The declivity of a hill; collis dejectus, us, 

DECLIVOUS, a. Declivis, Caes. ; devexus ; inclinatus : 

To DECOCT, v. a. Coquere ; concoquere ; decoquere ; 
Cic, ; fervefacere, Col. 

DECOCTION, s. Decoctum ; decoctura ; Plin. 

DECOLLATION. *. Capitis a cervicibus abscissio, Ck. ; 
capitis amputatio, or detruncatio, Plin. 

DECOMPOSITE, a. Resolutus ; dissolutus. 

DECOMPOSITION, s. Corporis dissolutio. 

To DECOMPOUND, v. a. Corporis partes sejuugere, 
resolvere ; rem iterum componere. 

To DECORATE, v. a. Ornare ; exornare ; decorare ; 
Cic. ; adornare, Plin. 

DECORATION, s. Ornatio; ornatus ; ornamentum ; 
exornatio ; decus ; apparatus, us ; Cic. 

DECORATOR. s. Scenae instructor. 

DECOROUS, a. Decens ; decorus ; conveniens ; con- 
gruens ; modestus ; Cic. 

To DECORTICATE. v. a. Decorticare, Plin. ; cortice 
denudare, Varr. ; tute, or corio, exuere ; cutem detra- 
here ; delibrare ; Plin. 

DECORTICATION. s. Decorticatio, Plin. 

DECORUM, s. Decorum ; decentia ; condecentia ; mo- 
destia; Cic. 

To DECOY, v. a. Dolis decipere, Plaut., ducere, Ter. ; 
in fraudem illicere, Cic. 

DECOY, s. Laqueus ; illicium ; illex ; Plaut. ; esca; 
illecebra ; dolus ; Cic Decoy -pond ; locus ubi fiunt 
anatibus insidiae. 

DECOY-BIRD, s. Allector, Col. ; avis illex. 

To DECREASE, v. n. Decrescere ; minui ; imminui ; 
diminui ; Cic. 

To DECREASE, v. a. Minuere ; imminuere ; extenu- 
are ; attenuare ; Cic. 

DECREASE or DECREMENT, s. Diminutio ; imminutio ; 
Cic. ; decrementum, Col. ; decrescentia, Vitr. 

To DECREE. v. n. Statuere ; constituere ; statutura 
in animo habere, Cic. 

To DECREE, v. a. " Decernere ; statuere ; rem edicere, 
sancire, imperare, or praescribere ; rem jubere fieri j de re 
decretum facere, or edere, Cic. The law decrees that; 
lege cautum est. 

DECREE, s. Decretum ; edictum ; praescriptum ; sci- 
tum ; statututn ; lex ; consultum ; placitum ; judicium, 
Cic By virtue of a decree ; ex decreto. It is the 
decree of heaven ; Deo visum est ; sic fata ferebant,Virg. 

DECREPIT, a. Decrepitus ; aetate, senectute, or senio, 
confectus, Cic. 

DECREPITUDE, s. Decrepita, or summa, aetas, Cic. ; 
extrema senectus. 

DECRESCENT, a. Decrescens. The decrescent moon; 
luna senescens, Varr. 

DECRETAL, a. (Decretalis, Sidon. ; Pand.) ; ad de- 
creta pertinens. 

DECRETAL, s I. A body of laws; juris civilis cor- 
pus, or codex. II. Collection of the Pope's decrees ; 
litteras decretales, Eccl. 

DECRETORY, a. Decretorius, Sen. ; peremptorius, 
Ulp Decretory day ; dies criticus, Cels. A decre- 
tory sentence ; ratum et immutabile judicium. 

DECRIAL, s. Obtrectatio ; censura ; censoria notatio ; 
reprehensio, Cic. 

To DECRY, v. a. Alicujus existimationem violare ; 
infamiam alicui inferre ; infamia notare ; auctoritatem 
imminuere, carpere ; censura notare, Cic. 4 *v 4 

DECUPLE, a. Decuplus, Liv. 

To DECUPLE, v. a. Decuplum facere. 

DECURION. s. Decurio. 

DECURSION. s. Praecipitatio, Sen. ; praecipitantia. 

To DEDECORATE. v. a. Dedecorare ; ignominia affi- 
cere ; notam turpitudinis inurere, Cic. 

DEDECOROUS. a. Ignominiosus, Cic. 

To DEDICATE, v. a. Dicare ; dedicare ; consecrare. 
To dedicate one's self; (Deo) se devovere, addicere; 
sacris se -adstringere, se dedere To dedicate a book; 
librum alicui nuncupare, Plin. ; nomen alicujus libro 
praascribere, Virg. 

DEDICATION, s. (Of a temple) ; sedis sacrae consecratio, 
Val. Max. (Of a book) ; libri nuncupatio, Plin. 

DEDICATE or DEDICATED, part. a. Dicatus ; dedica- 


tus ; consecratus ; sacratus ; sacer ; Cic. Dedicated 
(as a book); alicui nuncupates. Dedicated to a thing; 
rei deditus, addictus, Cic. 

DEDICATOR, s. Qui dicat, or consecrat. 

DEDICATORY, a. A dedicatory letter ; epistola nun- 

DEDITION. s. Urbis deditio. 

To DEDUCE, v. a. Deducere ; inferre ; concludere ; 
colligere ; derivare, Cic. 

DEDUCEMENT. s. Conclusio ; illatio ; consecutio ; con- 
sequentia, Cic. 

DEDUCIBLE or DEDUCTIVE, a. Quod colligi, or in- 
ferri, potest. 

To DEDUCT, v. a. De summa deducere, Liv. ; de ca- 
pite demere, or detrahere ; decessionem, or deductionem, 
facere ; Cic. ; subtrahere ; imminuere. 

DEDUCTION. s. I. Consequence; conclusio ; illatio ; 
consecutio ; consequentia, Cic. II. Defalcation; de- 
ductio ; decessio ; detractio ; diminutio, Cic. 

DEED. s. I. Action ; factum ; actus, us ; facinus ; 
actio ; res gesta. II. Exploit ; facinus ; res gesta. 
III. Written evidence af any legal act ; instrumentum ; 
acta, n. pi. IV. Fact; resvera; effectus, us, Cic __ 
To take in the deed ; in manifesto scelere deprehendere, 

To DEEM. v. a. and n. Judicare ; existimare ; arbi- 
trari ; censere ; habere ; putare ; conjectare, Cic. 

DEEP. a. I. Having length downward; profundus; 
altus. IJ. Low in situation; humilis; jacens ; depres- 
sus. III. Not obvious ; abditus ; occultus ; reconditus ; 
abstrusus ; latens ; tectus. IV. Sagacious; solers; 
sapiens ; sagax. , V. Full of contrivance ; astutus ; 
dolosus ; callidus ; subdolus ; veteratorius. VI. Grave; 
gravis ; severus. VII. Dark coloured; color sur- 
dus, or saturatior, Plin. VIII. Having a great deal of 
sadness ; summus ; altus. IX. Grave in sound; 
gravis. X. Very deep ; praealtus. A deep wound ; 
vulnus altum. A man of deep learning ; vir omni doc- 
trina excultus. Deep silence; silentium altum A 
deep fellow ; veterator. To be deep in debt ; sere alieno 
obrui, demergi. To drink deep ; pergraecari, Cic. To 
sink deep in the mind ; animum movere, afficere, Sen. 

The sea ; mare ; profundum ; altum ; pela- 
s, Hor. The deep of night ; 

DEEP. s. 

gus ; pontus, Cic. ; oceanus 
noctis silentium, Liv. ; conticinium, Varr. 

To DEEPEN, v. a. I. To make deep ; in altitudi- 
nem perducere, Cajs. ; altius effodere, excavare, Cic. 
II. To darken; colorem saturare ; obscurare. III. 
To make sad ; alkui maerorem atferre ; aliquem aagritu- 
dine afficere, Cic. 

DEEPENING, s. Depressio, Vitr. The deepening of 
a picture ; abscedentia, n. pi., Vitr. ; rtecessus, us, Plin. 

DEEPLY, ad. I. To a great depth; alte; altius, 
Cic. To sleep deeply; altius dormire; graviore somno 
premi, Cic. Deeply rooted ; altissimis defixa radicibus, 
Cic. II. In a high degree ; perquam ; admodum ; 
valde ; magnopere; plurimum ; vehementer. III. 
Very seriously ; graviter ; severe j serio. IV. Sorrow- 
fully ; maeste ; dolcnter, Cic. 

DEEP-MUSING, a. Contemplativus, Sen. 

DEEP-HEAD, a. Omni doctrina excultus, Cic. 

DEEPNESS, s. Altitudo, Cic. 

DEER. s. Dama, m. and f., Virg. ; dorcas, Plin. 

To DEFACE, v. a. Deformare ; deturpare ; fcedare ; 
vitiare ; depravare ; corrumpere ; delere ; obliterare, 

DEFAILANCE. s. Defectio, Cic. ; defectus, us, Plin. 

To DEFALCATE, v. a. Deducere ; decessionem fa- 
cere ; de capite demere, or detrahere j Cic. ; subtrahere ; 

DEFALCATION, s. Deductio ; decessio ; detractio ; di- 
minutio ; Cic. ; subductio, Catull. 

DEFAMATION, s. Obtrectatio, Cic.; alienae famae vio- 
latio; calumnia. 

DEFAMATORY, a. Probrosus, Cic. ; contumeliosus. 

To DEFAME, v. a. Alicui infamiam inferre ; contu- 
tneliose maledicere ; ignominiae labem aspergere ; infa- 
tnom facere ; dedecore notare, Cic. ; calumniari ; ali- 
cujus existimationem violare, Cic. 

DEFAMER. s. Obtrectator, Cic. ; alienae famae viola- 

To DEFATIGATE. v. a. Lahore fatigare ; delassare, 
Ov. ; lassare ; defatigare; Cic. 

DBFATIGATION. s. Defatigatio ; lassitudo, Cic. 

DEFAULT, s. Defectus, us ; vitium ; peccatum ; delic- 
tum; lapsus (In law); desertum vadimonium. To 
allow judgment to go by default ; vadimonium deserere. 

DEFAULTER, s. (In law) ; qui tenetur lege repetun- 

DEFEASANCE, s. Contrascriptum, Cic. ; abrogatio. 

DEFEASIBLE, a. Quod rescindi, or abrogari, potest. 

DEFEAT, s. Clades ; strages : exercitus dissipatio. 

To DEFEAT, v. a. I. To ovcrt/irow ; hostes fun- 
dere, profligare ; copias hostium dissipare. II. To 
frustrate; frustrari ; de spe dejicere, Cic. III. To 
abolish; abolere ; antiquare ; tollere ; exstinguere ; ab- 
rogare; rescindere ; Cic. 


DEFECATE, a. Purgatus ; expurgatus ; Cic. : defac- 
tus ; e faecibus eliquatus ; Col. 

To DEFECATE, v. a. Purgare ; expurgare ; repur- 
gare ; Cic. ; defaecare, Plin. 

DEFECATION. s. Purgatio ; expurgatio ; Cic. ; liquoris 
e faecibus purgatio, Plin. 

DEFECT, s. Delectus, us ; vitium, Cic. ; menda ; prce- 
termissio ; macula, Cic. 

DEFECTIBILITY. s. Defectus, us. 

DEFECTIBLE or DEFECTIVE, a. Imperfectus; mancus ; 
vitiosus ; mendosus ; Cic. A defective verb ; verbum 

DEFECTION, s, Defectio, Liv. ; defectus, us ; rebel 
Hum, Liv. ; rebellio, Caes. ; rebellatio, Val. Max. ; desti- 
tutio, Cic. 

DEFECTIVENESS. s. Defectus, us ; vitium ; mendum ; 

DEFENCE, s. I. Protection ; tutela ; praesidium ; 
custodia. II. Apology; purgatio ; defensio. III. 
Prohibition ; interdictum ; interdictio ; inhibitio, Cic. 
IV. Resistance; defensio; propugnatio. V. (In 
law) ; The defendant's reply , purgatio ; criminis depul- 
sio ; accusationis refutatio, Cic. VI. (In fortification) ; 
munitio ; munimenta ; propugnacula. 

DEFENCELESS, a. Inermis et nudus, Cic. 

To DEFEND, v. a. I. To protect; defendere ; tueri ; 
injuria prohibere, Cic. ; praesidio tutare, Hor. II. To 
secure; munire; defendere. III. To prohibit; rem 
vetare; prohibere; interdicere. IV. To maintain a 
place against those who attack it ; munire arcem ; or, 
urbem propugnare. 

DEPENDABLE, a. Quod potest contra hostem propug- 

DEFENDANT, s. I. One who defends a place ; defen- 
sor; propugnator ; Cic. II. (In law); reus ; rea; 

DEFENDER, s. I. One who defends ; defensor ; pro- 
pugnator ; Cic A defender of the truth ; veritatis as- 
sertor, Suet. II. (In law); An advocate ; patronus ; 
actor causidicus ; Cic. 

DEFENSIBLE. I. That may be defended; quod de- 
fendi potest II. Right; aequus ; Justus. 

DEFENSIVE, s. Tutela ; sui tuitio ; Cic. To stand 

upon the defensive ; paratum esse ad resistendum (In 

war) ; bellum defendere, Caes. 

DEFENSIVE, a. Qui defendit, &c. ; (defensorius, Tert.). 
Defensive arms ; arma ad tegendum To act on the 
defensive ; defendere bellum, Caes. 

To DEFER, v. a. I. To delay ; rem in aliud tempus 
differre, Cic. ; promovere ; tardare. To defer judgment ; 
comperendinare reum, Cic (A trial) ; reum ampliare, 
Cic. II. To refer to; rem committere ; causam reji- 
cere, referre ; Cic. 

To DEFER. .. I. To put off; procrastinare ; pro- 
ducere ; cunctari; morari. 11. To pay regard to an- 
other's opinion; alterius judicio -stare, sententiam am- 
plecti ; ad alter um referre, permittere. 

DEFERENCE, s. I. Regard; reverentia; observan- 
tia ; honor ; Cic. ; respectus, us, Liv. ; obsequium. 

II. Condescension; indulgentia ; obsequentia; Cic. 

III. Submission; obsequium; obedientia ; Cic. 
DEFERRING, s. Mora ; cunctatio ; dilatio ; procras- 

tinatio ; prorogatio; ampliatio (Of a cause) ; rejectio, 

DEFIANCE, s. Provocatio. To bid defiance to ; verbis 
lacessere, Cic. 

DEFICIENCE or DEFICIENCY, s. Vitium ; defectus, us ; 
imperfectio ; inopia, Cic. 

DEFICIENT, a. Imperfectus ; mancus ; vitiosus ; men- 
dosus To be deficient; egere ; egenus esse; deesse; 

DEFIER. s. Provocator, Cic. 

To DEFILE, v. a. Inquinare ; coinquinare ; maculare ; 
contaminare ; fcedare ; inficere ; depravare ; corrumpere, 

To DEFILE, v. n. To go off file by file ; longo ordine 
incedere ; per viarum angustias iter habere. 

DEFILE, s. A narrow passage ; angustiae ; viarum 
angusta, Cass. ; via angusta ; fauces angustae, Virg. 

DEFILEMENT, s. Inquinamentum ; macula ; sordes ; 
labes ; corruptio ; corruptela, Cic. 

DEFILER. s. Corruptor, Cic. 

DEFINABLE, a. Quod definiri potest. 

To DEFINE, v. a. and n. I. To give the definition ; 
rem definire ; definiendo explicare ; definitionedeclarare, 
Cic. II. To bound ; circumscribere ; terminare ; finire ; 
finibus describere, Cic. III. Remdecidere, decernere, 
constituere, judicare, Cic. 

DEFINER. s. Qui definit. 

DEFINITE, a. I. Limited ; definitus ; circumscriptus ; 
terminus ; descriptus ; terminatus, Cic. II. Precise ; 
definitus ; accuratus ; constitutus ; certus ; status, Cic. 

DEFINITION.*. Definitio, Cic. 

DEFINITIVE, a. Definitivus, Cic. ; decretorius, Quint. ; 
certus, Cic. ; explicitus, Caas. ; peremptorius. 

DEFINITIVELY, ad. Expresse ; nominatim ; explicite ; 
explicate et distincte, Cic. ; definite, Cic. 
G 4 



DEFLAGRABLE, a. Concipiendo et alendo igni aptus, 
DEFLAGRATION, s. Deflagratio, Cic. 

To DEFLECT, v. n. Declinare ; inclinare (As a ship) ; 
deflectere ; cursu decedere, Caes. ; carinam deflectere, 
Lucan To turn aside ; de via declinare, Cic. ; ex 
itinere deflectere, divertere, Plin. 

DEFLECTION, s. Declinatio, Cic. ; diverticulum, Ter. ; 
flexus, Cic. ; anfractus ; circuitus, us (Of a ship) ; navis 
de via decedent^ sulcus. 

DEFLUOUS. a. I. That flows down ; defluens ; de- 
fluus, Plin. II. That falls off"; delabens ; caducus. 

DEFLUXION. s. Fluxio ; distillatio, Plin. ; eluvio ; 
diluvium, Cic. ; exundatio, Plin. ; effluvium, Tac. 

To DEFORM, v. a. Deformare ; deturpare ; .foedare ; 
deformitatem alicui afferre, Cic. 

DEFORM, a. Deformis ; distortus ; Cic. ; extortus, 
Juv. ; deformatus ; deturpatus ; fcedus, Cic. 

DEFORMED, part. a. Deformis ; distortus, Cic. ; in- 
formis, Virg Fig. ; fcedus ; turpis. 

DBFORMEDLY. ad. Deformem in modum. 

DEFORMITY, s. Deformitas ; turpitudo ; pravitas ; 
foeditas ; oris depravatio, Cic. 

To DEFRAUD, v. a. Fraudem alicui facere ; fraudare ; 
frustrari ; decipere ; destituere, Cic. 

DEFRAUDER. s. Fraudator, Cic. 

To DEFRAY, v. a. Alicui sumptus suppeditare, or 
subministrare, Cic. 

DEFRAYER. s. Qui sumptus suppeditat. 

DEFRAYMENT or DEFRAYING, s. Sumptus solutio. 

DEFT. a. I. Neat ; pulcher ; formosus ; decorus ; 
peciosus ; venustus ; bellus, Cic. ; mundus ; concinnus ; 
lautus, Cic. II. Fitting; congruens ; conveniens ; 
consentaneus ; idoneus, Cic. III. Dexterous ; habilis ; 
navus ; solers, Cic. ; dexter. 

DEFTLY, ad. I. Neatly; pulchre ; decore ; venuste. 
II. Fitly ; apte ; congruenter ; convenienter. III. 
Skilfully ; dextere ; solertius ; solerti manu. 

DEFUNCT, a. Mortuus ; defunctus, Cic. ; vita de- 
functus, Virg. 

DEFUNCTION. s. Mors ; interitus. 

To DEFY. v. a. I. To challenge; provocare ; la- 
cessere. II. To slight ; contemnere ; spernere ; as- 
pernari ; despicere ; parvi ducere ; negligere, Cic. 

DEFY. s. Provocatio, Cic. 

corruptio, Cic. 

DEGENERATE, a. Degener ; infamis, Virg. 

To DEGENERATE, v. n. Djegenerare; a virtute ma- 
jorum deflectere, discedere, Cic Not to degenerate; 
patrum vestigiis ingredi, Cic. 

To DEGLUTINATE. v. a. Reglutinare, Catull. ; deglu- 
tinare, Plin. ; expedire. 

DEGLUTITION, s. Deglutiendi ratio. 

DEGRADATION, s. I. Deprivation of an office ; dig- 
nitatis imminutio ; honoris spoliatio, Cic. ; ad plebem 
traductio ; dejectio. II. Degeneracy; corruptio; de- 
pravatio. (In painting) ; colorum recessus, us. 

To DEGRADE, v. a. I. To deprive (f office ; de 
gradu dejicere, depellere ; honore spoliare ; magistratu 
movere. To degrade a priest ; exaugurare : (a soldier) ; 
exauctorare, Liv. II. To diminish the value of; rei 
vilitatem facere ; pretium imminuere ; de pretio detra- 
here, Cic. To degrade one's self; in contemptionem 
venire, evilescere, Suet. 

DEGREE, s. I. Station; genus; locus; conditio ; 
natales; status; Cic. II. The state in which a thing 
is; conditio. III. A step to any thing; gradus ; gres- 
sus ; limen. IV. Order of lineage ; consanguinitatis 
gradus, Cic. V. Measure ; gradus. VI. Of high 
degree ; loco, or genere, natus. It is the highest 

degree of folly ; stultitiae summa? est, Cic By degrees ; 

gradatirn ; sensim ; pedetentim, Cic. 

To DEHORT. v. a. See To DISSUADE. 

DEHORTATION. s. Dissuasio, Cic. 

DEHORTATORY. a. Qui dehortatur, &c. ; (dehortato- 
rius, Tert.). 

DEHORTER. s. Rei dissuasor, Cic. 

To DEJECT, v. a. Animum frangere, debilitare, Cic. ; 
infringere ; consternare, Liv. ; contristare ; tristitia, or 
maerore, afficere ; luctum afferre. 

DEJECT, DEJECTED, a. Animo debilitatus, Cic. ; mae- 
rore afflictus ; dolore confectus To be dejected ; fracto 
esse animo, Cic. ; dolore mergi. 

DEJECTEDLY, ad. Animo debilitate, fracto, &c. 

DEJECTEDNKSS or DEJECTION, s. Animi demissio, 
fractio, debilitatio, Cic. ; maestitia ; mseror : animi 
dolor ; tristitia, Cic. (With physicians) ; dejectio, 

DEJECTURE. s. Excrementum ; purgamentum ; Plin. 

DEIFICATION, s. Apotheosis, Sen. ; in numerum deo- 
rum relatio. 

To DEIFY, v. a. In numerum deorum referre ; ho- 
mini divinitatem tribuere ; in concilio coelestium collo- 
care ; in deorum numero rcponere, Cic. 

To DEIGN. v. n. Dignari, Hor. ; haud recusare fa- 
cere, Cic. 

To DEIGN, v. a. Concedere; tribuere; dare; annu- 
ere, Cic. 

DEIST, s. Qui fidem non adjungit evangelic ; qui 
fidem non habet Christo. 

DEITY, s. I. Divinity; divimtas, Cic. II. A fa- 
bulous god or goddess ; numen. 

DELACERATION. s. Laceratio, Cic. ; laniatio, Sen. ; 
scissura, Plin. 

DELACTATION. *. Infantis ab ubere depulsio. 

To DELATE, v. a. Transmittere ; transferre ; tradere ; 
portare ; gestare ; rem denuntiare, declarare, accusare, 
arguere, insimulare, deferre, Cic. 

DELATION, s. I. Deportatio ; translatio ; trans- 
vectio, Cic. ; evectus, us ; evectio ; advectio, Plin. 
II. An impeachment; delatio ; accusatio; crimen ; in- 
simulatio ; criminatio ; Cic. 

DELATOR, s. (In law) ; accusator, Cic. ; delator, Tac. 

To DELAY. v. a. 1. To put off; procrastinare ; in 
aliud tempus differre, promovere, producere ; cunctari ; 
tardare ; retardare, Cic.; prorogare. II. To hinder ; 
impedire ; impedimento esse ; obstare ; prohibere ; dis- 
turbare, Cic. 

To DELAY, v. n. Cunctari ; morari ; consistere ; sub- 

DELAY, s. Mora ; cunctatio ; retardatio ; procrasti- 
natio ; dilatio ; ampliatio ; prorogatio, Cic Without 

delay ; abjecta omni cunctatione ; sine mora To grant 

delay of payment ; dies alicui ad solvendum prorogare, 
Cic Delay of judgment ; comperendinatus, Cic. 

DELAYER, s. Dilator, Hor. ; cunctator, Li-v. 

DELECTABLE, a. Jucundissimus ; quod delectationem, 
or voluptatem, affert ; deliciis'affluens, Cic. 

DELECTABLENESS. s. Jucunditas ; suavitas; amcenitas, 

DELECTABLY. ad. Jucunde ; perjucunde ; suaviter, 

DELECTATION, s. Delectatio ; voluptas ; deliciae ; de- 
lectamentum ; oblectamentum, Cic. 

To DELEGATE, v. a. Ad alium delegare ; or, alicui 
legare, Cic. ; rem gerendam alteri mandare, Plin. ; rei 
curam delegare, Quint. ; negptio praeficere, Cic. 

DELEGATE, s. Legatus, Cic. ; recuperator ; rei geren- 
dae praefectus, Cic. ; vicarius, Liv. 

DELEGATE or DELEGATED, a. Legatus ; missus ; ne- 
gotio prajpositus, Cic. 

DELEGATION, s. Delegatio, Sen. ; procuratio ; legatio ; 
legatorum missio, Cic. 

DELEGATORY. a. Quod delegationem affert. 

DELETERIOUS or DELETORY. a. Lethalis ; lethifer ; 
mortiferus ; exitialis ; exitiabilis ; perniciosus ? pestifer, 
Cic. ; venenatus, Cic. ;, virulentus, Cell. 

DELETION, s. Litura, Cic. ; excisio ; eversio ; exci- 
dium, Cic. 

DELF, DELPH, or DELFT, s. I. A mine. ; fodina ; me- 
tallum; Plin.; lapidicina, Cic. \\.Earthenware; 
vasa tictilia. 

To DELIBERATE, v. n. Deliberare ; consultare ; per- 
peudere ; ponderare ; examinare : contemplari ; haesi- 
tare ; animo fluctuaref Cic. ; esse In ambiguo. 

DELIBERATE, a. Consideratus ; cautus ; providus ; 
prudens, Cic. ; consilii plenus, Plaut. ; circumspectus, 

DELIBERATELY, ad. Consulto ; cogitate ; de industria ; 
considerate ; prudenter, Cic. ; circumspecte, Cic. 

DELIBERATENESS. s. Circumspectio ; consideratio ; 
considerantia ; prudentia ; cautio, Cic. 

DELIBERATION. 5. Deliberatio ; consultatio, Cic. 

DELIBERATIVE, a. Deliberative, Cic A voice in a 

deliberative assembly; jus ferendi suffragii. 

DELICACY or DELICATENESS. s. I. Daintiness ; cu- 
pedia ; mollities victus ; cultus mollissimus ; mollitia, 
Cic. II. Beauty;- forma } venustas ; pulchritudo ; 
elegantia ; decor : formositas ; urbanitas ; comitas ; con- 
cinnitas ; nitor, Cic. III. Weakness of constitution ; 
corporis infirma constitutio ; valetudinis infirmitas, Cic. 

DELICATE, a. 1. Dainty; cupes, Plaut. ; cupediarum 
appetens ; fastidiosus. II. Choice; exqui situs ; exi- 
mius ; egregius ; praestantissimus, Cic. III. Gentle ; 
lenis ; mitis ; comis ; blandus ; urbanus ; perpolitus, Cic. 
IV. Unable to bear hardship ; mollis ; delicatus ; 
tener, Cic. ; tenellus, Varr. ; effeminatus, Cic. V. 
Beautiful ; pulcher ; bellus ; formosus ; speciosus ; de- 
corus ; venustus, Cic. 

DELICATELY, ad. Delicate ; molliter ; concinne ; ve- 
nuste ; leniter ; infirme ; imbecillius, Cic. 

DELICATES. s. pi. Escab molliculae, Plaut. 

DELICIOUS, a. Suavissimus ; Jucundissimus ; deliciis 
affluens ; exquisitissimus ; amcenissimus, Cic. 

DELICIOUSLY. ad. Delicate; jucunde; perjucunde; 
suaviter, Cic. 

DELICIOUSNESS. s. Deliciae ; gaudium ; voluptas ; Cic. 

DELIGHT, s. Delectatio ; voluptas ; deliciae ; delecta- 
mentum ; oblectatio ; oblectamentum ; gaudium ; lastitia. 

To DELIGHT, v. a. Delectare ; oblectare ; delecta- 
tionem afferre ; voluptate afficere ; placere ; hilarare ; 
gaudioperfundere; gaudio cumulare ; mentem recreare, 


To DELIGHT, v. n. Re delectari, or oblectari ; se ob- 
lectare ; ex re voluptatem capere ; gaudere ; gestire 
laetitia perfrui ; praegestire, Cic. 

DELIGHTFUL, a. Jucundlssimus ; suavissimus ; amcc- 
nissimus ; quod delectationem affert, Cic. 

DELIGHTFULLY, ad. Jucunde ; perjucunde ; suaviter 

voJuptas ; gaudium ; amo3nitas ; jucunditas, Cic. 

To DELINEATE, v. a. I. To design; delineare, Plin. 
lineis describere, Vitr., or designare, Quint. II. To 
paint in colours s pingere ; depingere, Cic. III. To 
describe; rem dicendo oculis subjicere ; exprimere 
effingere ; oratione pingere ; describere ; exhibere, Cic 

DELINEATION, s. Deuneatio ; ichnographia, Vitr. ; levis 
adumbratio, Plin. 

DELINQUENCY. *. Delictum ; peccatum ; lapsus ; error 
culpa ; noxa, Cic. 

DELINQUENT, s. Noxius ; alicujus culpae affinis, Cic. 

To DELIQUATE. v. n. Dissolvi ; liquefleri, Cic. ; li- 
quari, Plin. ; liquescere ; remollescere ; deliquescere ; 
deliquere, Ov. 

DELIQUATION. s. Liquatio, Cels. ; fusura, Plin. ; dis- 

DELIRIOUS, a. Insanus ; insaniens ; mentis non com- 

pos ; cui mens labat, or laesa est ; delirans ; desipiens, 
Ter. To be delirious; mente labi ; 
mentis suse non esse ; delirio vexari. 

To be delirious ; mente labi ; alienari ; insanire ; 

^.n., suae non esse ; delirio vexari. 

DELIRIUM. 5. Delirium ; insania, Cels. ; mentis alie- 
natio, Suet. 

To DELIVER, v. a. I. To give ; in manus tradere ; 
dare; donare; reddere. II. To cast away ; jacere; 
conjicere ; projicere ; dejicere; emittere. III. To 
surrender ; tradere; dedere; cedere. IV. To rescue ; 
liberare ; expedire ; splvere ; in libertatem vindicare ; 
asserere ; eripere ; servitio eximere, Cic. V. To utter; 
enuntiare ; pronuntiare ; prationem habere. VI. To 
assist a woman in child-birth ; mulieri parienti adesse, 
or opem ferre, Ter. ; partu levare, Ov. 

DELIVERANCE or DELIVERY, s. Liberatip ; servitutis 
depulsio, or assertio ; manumissio; traditio; deditio ; 

cessio, Cic.; partus, Ter.; enixus, us, Liv A good 

delivery ; profluens in dicendo celeritas, Cic. 

DELIVERER. 5. I. Liberator; libertatis assertor, or 
vindex. II. A relater ; narrator; declamator, Cic. ; 
recitator, Hor. 

DELL. s. Vallis, Virg. ; vallecula, Fest. ; cavum, Hor. ; 
lacuna ; fossa. 

To DELUDE, v. a. Fallere ; decipere ; illudere, Cic. ; 
ludificari, Ter. : in errorem inducere ; deludere ; dolis 
decipere ; frauoare, Cic. 

DELUDER. s. Deceptor ; fraudator ; veterator , fallax, 

To DELVE, v. a. I. To dig ; terram fodere, Cic. ; 
ligone vertere, Virg. ; cavare ; effodere ; excavare. II. 
To sound one's opinion ; tentare ; explorare ; experiri ; 
perscrutari, Cic. 

DELVE, s. Fossula ; fossa ; lacuna, Vitr. ; sulcus. 

DELVER. s. Fosspr, Virg. ; cavator, Plin. 

DELUGE, s. Eluvies ; eluvio, Cic. ; diluvium ; inun- 
datio ; exundatio, Plin. ; alluvies, Liv. ; effluvium, Tac. ; 
aquae irruptio. 

To DELUGE, v. a. Inundare; mergere ; demergere ; 
aquis submergere, Cic. 

DELUSION, s. I. A cheat; fraus ; dolus ; fallacia; 
fraudatio ; ludificatio, Cic. II. Illusion ; vana imago, 
Hor. ; oculorum ludibrium, Curt. ; error ; praestigiae ; 

DELUSIVE or DELUSORY, a. Fallax ; dolosus ; captio- 
eus ; irritus, Cic. 

DEMAGOGUE, s. Popularium partium dux. 

DEMAND, s. I. A claim ; petitio ; postulatio j pos- 
tulatum; efflagitatio. A silly demand; insulsa pps- 
I tulatio, Cic. II. A question ; interrogatio ; rogatio ; 
i rogatus ; Cic. 

To DEMAND, v. a. I. To claim ; petere ; postulare ; 
! flagitare; efflagitare; rogare; rem vindicare; exigere; 
i poscere. II. To question; interrogare; percontari; 
rem sdscitari, Cic. ; quaerere; rogare. 

DEMANDABLE. a. Quod exigi, or postulari, potest. 

DEMANDANT, s. (In law) ; petitor ; actor, Cic. 

DEMANDER. s. Qui postulat. 

To DEMEAN ONE'S SELF. v. n. I. To behave ; agere ; 
se gerere ; se praebere. ( Well) ; bene se tractare, Cic. 
II. To undervalue one's self ; se deprimere, demit- 
tere, dejicere, Cic. ; evilescere, Suet. 

DEMEANOUR, s. Agendi, or yivendi, ratio, Cic. 

To DEMENTATE. v. n. Desipere ; insanire ; mentem 
amittere, Cic. 

To DEMENTATE. v. a. Insaniam gignere, Plin. 

DEMENT ATION. s. Dementia; insania; stultitia; de- 
sipientia, Cic. 

DEMERIT, s. Noxa ; quod animos hominum abalienat. 

To DEMERIT, v. n. Aliquid admittere per quod 
ex alterius gratia excidas. 

DEMI. a. Dimidius, Cic. ; semi ; sesqui. Demi-god; 
semideus, Ov Demi-man; semihomo ; semivir. 


DEMIGRATION. *. Migratio ; discessus, us ; profectio, Cic. 

DEMISE, s. Decessus, us ; obitus, us ; mors, Cic. 

To DEMISE, v. a. Rem alicui testamento legare, re- 
linquere, Cic. 


DEMOCRACY, s. Populare imperium. 

DEMOCRAT, s. Popularis imperii, or popularium nar- 
tium, fautor. 

DEMOCRATICAL. a. Popularis. 

To DEMOLISH, v. a. Demoliri ; destruere; diruere ; 
exscindere ; evertere ; exstirpare. 

DEMOLISHER. s. Qui destruit ; eversor ; exstinctor ; 
perditor, Cic. 

DEMOLITION or DEMOLISHING, s. Demolitio ; eversio ; 
excisio, Cic. 

DEMON, s. Genius ; daemon, Cic. 

DEMONIAC, a. Correptus a malo daemone ; energu- 
menus ; daemoniacus, Eccl. 

DEMONIAC or DEMONIACAL, a. Quod a daemons profi- 

DEMONSTRABLE, a. Quod demonstrari potest. 

DEMONSTRABLY. ad. Perspicue ; liquido ; manifesto, 
Cic. ; evidenter, Liv. 

To DEMONSTRATE, v. a. Demonstrare ; monstrare ; 
indicare ; aperte declarare, Cic. 

DEMONSTRATION. 5. Demonstratio ; rei declaratio, 
or significatio ; testificatio ; Cic. 

DEMONSTRATIVE, a. Demonstrativus, Cic. 

DEMONSTRATIVELY, ad. Perspicue; liquido; mani- 
festo, Cic. 

DEMONSTRATOR, s. Qui demonstrat ; qui disciplinam 
aliis tradendam profitetur. 


To DEMORALIZE, v. a. Depravare ; in pejus trahere. 

DEMULCENT, a. Anodynus, Cels. ; mitigatorius, 

To DEMUR, v. a. I. To have scruples,- objicere ; 
opppnere ; dubitare ; dubium habere. II. To hesitates 
dubitare ; haesitare ; haerere. 

To DEMUR, v. n. Morari ; cunctari ; animi pendere. 

DEMUR, s. Dubitatio ; dubium ; haesitantia, Cic. ; 
mentis haasitatio, Cic. 

DEMURE, a. Modestus ; gravis ; severus ; qui est ore 

To DEMURE, v. n. Modesto esse vultu ; severitatem 
adhibere, Cic. 

DEMURELY, ad. Pudenter, Hor. ; modeste, Cic. ; 
decenter, Ov. ; gelide, Hor. ; fastidiose, Cic. 

DEMURENESS. s. Modestia; pudor; verecundia; vul- 
tus modestus ; severum supercilium, Cic. 

DEMURRAGE, s. (A sea term.) Dilatio. 

DEMURRER or DEMURRING, s. (In law) ; cessatio, 
Plaut. ; prolatio ; intermissio, Cic. 

DEN. s. Specus, Virg. ; spelunca antrum ; latebra ; 
latibulum ; cubile ; Cic. 

DENIABLE, a. Negandus ; quod negari potest. 

DENIAL. *. I. Negation ; facti negatio, et inficiatio, 
Cic. II. Refusal; recusatio; repudiatio ; repulsa. 

III. Abjuration; ejuratio; abjuratio ; abnegatio. 

IV. Self-denial; sui ipsius abjectio ; despicatio, Cic. 
DENIER, s. Inficiator. 

To DENIGRATE, v. a. Denigrare ; nigro colore infi- 
cere ; rei nigrorem inducere ; nigritiam afferre, Plin. 

DENIGRATION, s. Rei, or hominis, maligna extenu- 

To DENIZEN, v. a. I. To make a denizen ; pere- 
?rinum civitate donare; in civitatem asciscere. II. 
To make free ; manumittere ; liberos facere, Cic. ; ad 
pileum vocare, Suet. ; in libertatem asserere, Varr. ; 
servo libertatem dare, Cic. 

DENIZEN, s. Libertus ; liberta ; peregrinus civitate 

To DENOMINATE, v. a. Nominare ; denominare ; no- 
minatim appellare, Cic. ; nuncupare, Cic. 

DENOMINATION, s. I. A naming ; denominatio, Cic. ; 
nuncupatio, Plin. II. A sect; sects. ; haeresis, Cic. 

DENOMINATIVE, a. Qui nomen dat, tribuit. 

DENOTATION, s. Designatio, Cic. 

To DENOTE, v. a. Denotare ; indicare; notare; sig- 
nificare ; designare, Cic. 

To DENOUNCE, v. a. Denuntiare ; declarare ; edicere ; 

jatefacere ; aperire ; indicare To denounce war; bel- 

um indicere, Cic. 

DENOUNCEMENT, s. Denuntiatio ; declaratio; pate- 
'actio ; expositio ; delatio, Cic. 

DENOUNCER, s. Delator, Cic. 

DENSE, a. Densus, Hor. ; spissus, Plin. 

DENSITY, s. Densitas, Plin. 

To DENT. v. a. In modum dentium rem excidere, 

DENT. 5. A notch in the edge of a thing; dens. 

DENTAL, a. Ad dentes pertinens. 

DENTRIFICE. s. Dentifricium, Plin. 

DENTIST, s. Qui dentibus operam dat. 

To DENUDATE or DENUDE, v. a. I. To strip ; nit- 
dare ; denudare ; spoliare ; vestes exuere ; orbare. 
II. To divest ; privare ; orbare; expedire. 


DENUDATION. *. Nudatio, Plin. ; privatio ; spoliatio, 
Liv. ; vastatio, Cic. 

DENUNCIATION, s. Denuntiatio ; delatio ; accusatio ; 
insimulatio ; indicium, Cic. 

DENUNCIATOR, s. Delator, Cic. 

To DENY. v. a. I. To contradict an accusation ; ne- 
gare ; inficiari ; pernegare, Cic. ; inficias ire, Plaut. II. 
To disown ; ejurare ; exuere ; abnegare ; abdicate ; in- 
ficiari ; abjurare ; abjicere ; renuntiare, Cic. III. To 
refuse ; recusare ; repudiate ; rejicere ; abnuere ; respu- 
ere ; denegare, Cic To deny one's self; sibi non in- 
dulgere To be denied, i. e. to say ' not at home ' ; in- 
troitum adeuntibus negari jubere. 

To DEOBSTRUCT. v. a. (In physic) ; ventrem adstric- 
tum resolvere, Cels. 

DEODAND. s. Res divina ; sacrificium, Cic. ; oblatum, 

To DEOPPILATE. v. a. (In physic) ; obstructiones dis- 
cutere, Cels. 

DEOPPILATION. s. Obstructionis depulsio. 

DEOPPILATIVE. a. Quod obstructiones discutit. 

To DEPAINT. v, a. Depingere ; pingere ; effingere ; 
delineare, Cic. 

To DEPART, v. n. I. To go away ; proficisci ; egre- 
di ; discedere ; abire ; exire ; erumpere. II. To desist 
from ; deserere ; derelinquere ; destituere ; de re desis- 
tere; renuntiare; cedere. III. To be lost; perire ; 
interire. IV. To desert ; rebellare; ab aliquo descis- 
cere, or deficere. V. To die ; morti occumbere ; mori ; 
interire ; mortem obire ; vita defungi ; e vita decedere, 

To DEPART, v. a. I. To retire from ; deserere; re- 
linquere ; renuntiare ; digredi ; se retrahere. II. To 
separate ; partiri ; disjungere ; sejungere ; separare ; se- 
gregare ; dividere ; dirimere. 

DEPART, s. I. Going away; profectio; discessus, 
tis, Cic. II. Death; mors ; o'bitus; interitus; deces- 
sus, us, Cic. III. (With chymists) ; secretio. 

DEPARTER. s. i. e. A refiner of metals ; metalli exco- 
quendi artifex. 

DEPARTMENT, s. Partitio; distributio; praefectura. 

DEPARTURE, s. I. A going away; profectio; dis- 
cessus, us; decessio, Cic. II. Death ; decessus ; 
mors ; obitus ; interitus. III. Forsaking; derelictio ; 
destitutio ; desertio, Cic. ; abdicatio, Liv. ; rejectio ; 
aspernatio ; contemptio, Cic. 

To DEPAUPERATE, v. a. Depauperare, Varr. ; eges- 
tatem afferre, Cic. ; ad inopiam redigere, Ter. ; bonis 
spoliare et nudare, Cic. 

DEPAUPERATION, s. Bonorum jactura ; inopia ; eges- 
tas ; paupertas ; nudatio ; spoliatio, Cic. 

To DEPEND, v. n. I. To hang from ; pendere ex 
re ; dependere. II. To be dependent on ; ab alio pen- 
dere ; esse alicujus in potestate, or sub arbitrio. III. 
(With lawyers) ; To be yet undetermined; adhuc sub 
judice esse, Hor. IV. To rest upon; in re vertere, or 
contineri. V. To rely on ; confidere ; fidere ; fidem 
adhibere ; alterius fidei se committere, Cic. ; fidem in 
aliquo repcnere. VI. To be certain of; pro certo ha- 
bere. VII. To proceed, result; ex re oriri ; consequi ; 
confici ; provenire Our safety depends on them ; in 
orum potestate sita salus nostra est, Cic It depends 
on you ; in tua manu est, Ter As far as depends on 
me ; quantum in me erit Our safety depends on that ; 
in eo vertitur salus I depend entirely on you ; rem 
omnem tibi permitto. 

DEPENDANCE or DEPENDENCE. *. I. Concatenation; 
connexio ; colligatio ; Cic.|; catenatip, Vitr. ; cohaerentia ; 
conjunctio; Cic. II. State of being at the disposal of 
another; obnoxia conditio. III. That cf which one 
has the disposal ; accessio ; adjunctum; appendix; pro- 
pria, n. pi. IV. Reliance; fiducia ; fides. 

DEPENDANT or DEPENDENT, a. and s. Qui ab alio pen- 
det ; pendens ; pendulus ; obnoxius ; cliens Depend- 
ents j alicujus clientela. 

To DEPICT, v. a. Depingere ; describere ; pingere ; 
exprimere ; effingere ; delineare, Cic. 

DEPILATION. *. Pilorum extirpatio, Col. 

DEPILATORY, s. i. e. An unguent to take away hair ; 
dropax, Plin. ; Mart. 

DEPILOUS. a. Depilis ; glaber, Varr. ; depilatus, 

DEPLETION. *. (In physic)"; inane ; inanitas, Cic. 

DEPLORABLE or DEFLORATE, a. Lamentabilis, Virg. ; 
flebilis, Quint. ; deplorandus ; lugendus, Cic. ; deflen- 
dus, Sen. ; miserabilis ; miserandus ; luctuosus. 

DEPLORABLENESS. s. Miseria; serumna ; calamitas ; 

DEPLORABLY, ad. Miserabiliter ; miserandum in 
modum, Cic. 

DEFLORATION, or DEPLORING, s. Lamentatio ; lamen- 
tum ; ejulatio; ejulatus, us ; ploratus, us, Cic. 

To DEPLORE, v. a. Deplorare ; plorare ; deflere ; 
lugere ; vehementer conquer! ; lacrymis prosequi ; lamen- 
tari, Cic. ; flere ; lacrymari. 

DEPLOBEB. *. Plorator, Mart. ; qui plcrat, or lacry- 



DEPLUMATION. *. Plumarum detractio ; nudatio ; po- 
liatio (in surgery). 

To DEPLUME. v. a. Avi plumas detrahere, Hor. ; 
pennas eripere, Phaedr. ; plumis nudare, Hor. 

To DEPONE, v. a. Rem in fidem alicujus deponere.. 
(In law) ; testificari ; testimonio dicere, Cic. 

DEPONENT, s. (In law) ; qui testimonium dicit ; testii. 

DEPONENT, a. ( In grammar) ; verbum deponeiw. 

To DEPOPULATE, v.a. Populare, Virg. ; popular!, 
Caes. ; Ov. ; Liv. ; civibus exhaurire, or viduare ; depopu- 
lari ; civibus spoliare, Stat. ; vastare ; devastare ; vasta- 
tionem inferre. 

DEPOPULATION. *. Regionis vastitas, Cic. ; populatio, 
Liv. ; vastatio, Cic. 

DEPOPULATOR. s. Depopulator, Cic. ; vastator, Ov. 

To DEPORT ONE'S SELF. v. a. Agere ; se gerere, 
praebere, tractare, Cic. 

DEPORT or DEPORTMENT, s. I. Demeanour, con- 
duct; agendi, or vivendi, ratio, Cic. II. Mien, ap- 
pearance; corporis figura ; vultus; oris species; cor- 
poris habitus, us. 

DEPORTATION. *. I. Transportation; deportatio; 
exportatio ; translatio ; evectio, Cic. ; portatio, Sail. ; 
vectura. II. Exile; exsilium. 

To DEPOSE, v. n. (In law) ; testificari ; testimonio 

To DEPOSE, v.a. I. To lodge ; rem ponere, deponere, 
collocare. II. To degrade from a high station; loco, 
or magistratu, movere; magistratum abrpgare; magis- 
trate exuere, or depellere ; regnum adimere ; regno 
spoliare, Cic. III. To strip off; nudare; denudare; 
spoliare ; exuere. 

To DEPOSIT. v. a. I. To lay up ; ponere ; depo- 
nere ; collocare ; statuere ; locare. II. To lay up as 
a pledge ; pignerare, Suet. ; depignerare, Cic. ; pig- 
nori dare, Plaut. ; pro pignore dare, Cic. III. To 
place at interest ; pecuniam collocare nominibus ; in 
fcenore ponere, Hor. 

DEPOSIT, s. I. Any thing intrusted to another; 
depositum, Cic. To rej'use to restore a deposit ; deposi- 
tum abnegare, Plin. II. A pledge; pignus, Cic. ; 
arrhabo, Plaut. ; Ter. ; Plin. 

DEPOSITARY, s. Sequester Depositary of one's se- 
crets ; alicujus consiliis intimus. 

DEPOSITION, s. I. Evidence ; testimonium ; testi- 
ficatio, Cic. ; res pro testimonio dicta, Cic. II. A de- 
grading ; honoris spoliatio ; magistrates abrogatio, 
Quint. ; dignitatis spoliatio, Cic. 

DEPOSITORY, s. Apotheca, Cic. 

DEPOT, s. ( In military language) ; A depot of arms ; 
armamentarium, Cic A barrack; tugurium castrense. 
A magazine of provisions ; commeat'us, Cic. 

pravatio ; corruptio ; corruptela, Cic. ; effrenatio ; libe- 
rior licentia, Cic. ; vita dissolutior, Val. Max. 

To DEPRAVE, v. a. Depravare ; corruptionem afferre ; 
corrumpere, Cic. Depraved morals; corrupt! et pravi 
mores To deprave one's taste ; palatum exsurdare, 

To DEPRECATE, v.a. I. To implore mercy of '; de- 

precari ; veniam petere ; Cic. ; orare ; or, precari ; Virg. 

II. To avert; amovere ; avertere ; depellere; re- 

movere ; prohibere ; semovere. II. To beg off; ex- 

orare; supplicare. 

DEPRECATION, s. I. Entreaty; rogatio; precatio; 
obsecratio; obtestatio; efflagitatip ; rogatus, Cic. II. 
Begging pardon for ; supplicatio ; deprecatio ; veniae 
petitio. III. Prayer against evil; supplicatio ; sup- 
plex oratio ; obsecratio ; precatio ; preces. 

DEPRECATIVE, or DEPRECATORY, a. Supplex, Cic. ; 
deprecabundus, Tac. 

To DEPRECIATE, v. a. Elevare ; de pretio detrahere ; 
rem extenuare ; rem minoris aestimare, Cic. 

To DEPREDATE, v. a. 1. To rob ; praedari ; rapere ; 
diripere ; exspoliare ; depraedari ; furari ; latrocinari ; 
expilare ; compilare, Cic. II. To destroy ; vastare ; 
popular! ; depopulari ; devastare ; pervastare ; diruere. 

DEPREDATION. 5. Spoliatio; latrocinium; praedatio. 

DEPREDATOR, s. Latro; expilator, Cic.; praedator. 

To DEPREHEND. v. a. I. To catch; prehendere; 
intercipere ; manifesto tenere ; in manifesto scelere de- 
prehendere. II. To discover, find out ; detegere; pa- 
tefacere ; nudare ; indicate ; perspicuum facere, Cic. 

DEPREHENSIBLE. a. Comprefiensibilis, Cic. 

DEPHEHENSION. s. I. A taking unawares; inter- 
ceptio, Cic. II. Discovery; deprehensio ; inventio ; 

To DEPRESS, v.a. I. To press down ; demittere; 
deprimere ; Cic. II. To humble ; reprimere ; atte- 
nuare ; auctoritatem imminuere, Cic. ; superbiam fran- 
gere. III. To deject; dejicere ; percellere ; infringere ; 

DEPRESSION, s. Depressio ; abjectio ; sui demissio ; 
submissio ; animi debilitatio, Cic. 

DEPRESSOR, s. Oppressor (In surgery) ; depressor. 

DEPRIVATION, s. Privatio ; ademptio ; amissio ; amo- 
tio ; orbitas ; inopia ; egestas, Cic. 


To DEPRIVE, v. a. Re privare, or orbare ; destituere ; 
denudare ; spoliare ; exuere, Cic. 

DEPTH, s. I. Deepness; altitude, Cic. II. Deep 
place ; locus altus, or profundus. III. Abyss , vorago ; 
gurges ; barathrum; chasma, Virg. IV. The briny 
depth ; mare ; profundum, Virg In the depth of winter ; 
media, or adulta, hieme, Tac. 

To DEPURATE or DEPURE. v. a. Purgare ; mundare, 
Cic. ; repurgare, Ov. ; expurgare ; defaecare. 

DEPURATE, a. Purgatus ; expurgatus. 

DEPURATION, s. Defaecatio. 

DEPUTATION. *. I. The act of deputing ; legatorum 
missio, Cic. II. A body of deputies ; legati missi. 

To DEPUTE, v. a. Ad alium delegare ; alicui legare, 
Cic. ; rem gerendam alteri mandare, Plin. ; negotio prae- 
ficere, Cic. ; rei curam delegare, Quint. 

DEPUTY. 5. Legatus, Cic. ; recuperator ; rei gerendae 
praefectus, Cic. ; vicarius, Liv. 

To DERACINATE, v . a. Eradicare, Ter. ; radicitus ex- 
turbare, Catull. ; exstirpare ; radices evellere, Cic. ; fun- 
ditus tollere, Cic. ; penitus exscindere, Hor. 

To DERAIGN or DERAIN. v. a. I. To prove ; pro- 
bare ; comprobare ; confirmare, Cic. II. To disorder ; 
ordinem invertere ; conturbare, Cic. III. (A law term) ; 
declarare ; demonstrare ; probare, Cic. 

probatio ; comprobatio ; argumentum. II. A disor- 
dering ; perturbatio ; confusio; ordinis inversio, Cic. 
III. Departure from religion; a religione defectio, 
Cic. ; religionis desertio, Liv. 

To DERANGE, v. a. Ordinem invertere ; disturbare ; 
conturbare, Cic. 

DERANGEMENT, s. Perturbatio ; confusio ; ordinis 

DERELICTION, s. Derelictio ; destitutio ; Cic. 

To DERIDE, v. a. Ridere ; deridere ; irridere ;11u- 
dere ; ludibrio habere ; illudere ; ludificari ; aliquem, or 
in aliquo, cavillari, Cic. 

DERIDER. s. I. A mocker, scoffer ; derisor, Plaut. ; 
irrisor, Cic. ; cachinno, Pers. ; joculator ; cavillator, 
Cic. II. A buffoon; scurra; mimus ; histrio; sannio. 

DERIDINGLY. ad. Per ludibrium ; per ridiculum ; Cic. ; 
ironice, Asc. Ped. 

DERISION or DERIDING, s. Irrisio, Cic. ; ludibrium ; 
irrisus, us, Liv. ; cavillatio ; jocatio, Cic. 

DERIVATION, s. I. Turning the course of water ; 
aquarum derivatio, Cic. II. (In grammar) j verborum 

DERIVATIVE."*!. Derivatus ; deductus. 

DERIVATIVE, s. Nomen derivatum. 

To DERIVE, v. a. I. To turn the course of; aquas 
derivare ; canali deducere, Cic. II. To deduce from its 
original; deducere. III. To communicate to; rem 
communicare. IV. To spread; partiri ; dispertiri ; 
dividere ; distribuere, Cic. 

To DERIVE, v. n. I. To owe its origin to ; deduci; 
derivari; manare ; fluere. II. To descend from ; de- 
scendere , nasci ; originem ducere, Hor., or trahere, 
Plin. ; ex aliquo genus ducere, Virg. 

DERIVER. s. Qui dcrivat, or deducit. 

DERMA, s. (In anatomy) ; pellis, Ov. ; cutis, Plin. 

To DEROGATE, v. a. and n. Derogare ; auctoritatem 
imminuere ; fidem detrahere ; se abjicere ; evilescere ; 
in contemptionem venire, Cic. 

DEROGATION, s. Derogatio ; extenuatio ; detractio, 

DEROGATIVE or DEROGATORY, a. Derogans; (dero- 
gxtorius, Pand.). 

DERVISE or DERVICH. s. Turcicus ccenobita. 

DESCANT, s. Sermo ; dissertatio, Plin. ; disputatio ; 

To DESCANT, v. n. I. To sing in parts ; alternis, or 
alterna, canere. II. To discourse at large ; de re ser- 
monem habere ; disserere ; verba facere, Cic. ; rem lon- 
gius prosequi, Cic. 

To DESCEND, v. n. I. To come down; e loco de- 
scendere. II. To fall; cadere ; decidere ; delabi, Cic. 
III. To make an hostile incursion ; in regionem ir- 
rumpere. IV. To be extracted from ; ab aliquo origi- 
nem ducere, Hor., trahere, Plin. ; ex aliquo genus du- 
cere, Virg. V. To devolve by inheritance ; obtingerej 
pervenire, Cic. 

To DESCEND, v. a. Demittere. To descend into; 

ingredi ; penetrare To descend into details ; singula 

ordine pandere, Virg. To descend into one's self; in sese 
descendere, Pers. ; in mentem suam introspicere, Cic. 

DESCENDANT. ,t. Nepos Descendants; poster!; 

posteritas ; nepotes, Cic. 

DESCENDENT. a. I. Falling; descendens, Cic. 
II. Proceeding from ; ortus ; prognatus ; editus, Hor. ; 
oriundus ; natus, Cic. 

DESCENSION. s. Descensus, us ; descensio, Liv. 

DESCENT, s. I. A going down; descensus; de- 
scensio, Liv. ; lapsus ; casus, Cic. ; clivus ; declivitas. 

II. Hostile incursion; irruptio, Cic.; occupatio. 

III. Extraction: genus; origo; ortus ; posteri; 



To DESCRIBE, v. a. Describere ; exponere; expri- 
mere ; depingere ; effingere, Cic. 

DESCRIPTION, s. Descriptio, Cic. ; repraesentatio, Plin. 

To DESCRY, v. a. 1. To discover at a distance ; 
procul videre, Cic. II. To find out ; invenire; exco- 
gitare ; comminisci ; explorare, Cic. III. To perceive; 
percipere ; introspicere ; pervidere ; aspicere ; cernere ; 
prospicere, Ter. 

DESCRY, s. Inventio; investigatio. 

To DESECRATE, v. a. Profanare, Ov. ; profanum 
facere ; violare ; polluere, Cic. 

DESECRATION. *. Violatio, Plin. ; templi exauguratio, 

DESERT, s. A wilderness; solitudo ; locus desertus, Cic. 

DESERT, a. Desertus ; solitarius, Cic. 

To DESERT, v. a. Deserere ; deficere ; destituere ; 
ad hostes transfugere ; de loco migrare ; a signis dis- 
cedere ; derelinquere ; desciscere ; recedere, Cic. 

To DESERT, v. n. A castris discedere ; ad hostes 
transfugere, Plaut. 

DESERTER, s. Transfuga, Cic. ; deserter, CZES. ; de- 
fector miles, Front. 

DESERTION, s. I. Forsaking a cause or post ; trans- 
fugium ; ad hostes transitio, Liv. ; derelictio ; destitutio ; 
defectio, Cic. II. (In religion) ; derelictio, Cic. 

To DESERVE, v. a. Mereri ; or, merere ; promereri ; 
rei dignum esse. To deserve well of one's country ; de 
republica bene mereri, Cic. 

DESERVEDLY, ad. Pro meritis, Nep. ; juste; jure; 
merito, Cic. ; ex aeouo et bono, Ter. 

DESERVER. s. Mercede, vel praemio, dignus. 

DESICCANTS. s. (In physic); remedia desiccandi vi 

To DESICCATE, v. a. Siccare ; desiccare ; exsiccare, 
Plin. ; rei siccitatem inferre. 

DESICCATION, s. Siccatio, Plin. 

DESICCATIVE. a. Siccandi, or desiccandi, vi pollens. 

DESIDERATUM, s. Quod desideratur. 

To DESIGN, v. a. I. To meditate, devise; rem agi- 
tare, or meditari ; rem moliri ; struere ; statuere ; con- 
stituere ; decernere ; consilium inire ; praemeditari ; 
destinare, Cic. II. To draw ; delineare, Plin. ; lineis 
describere, Vitr. 

DESIGN, s. I. A purpose ; mens; animus; con- 
silium; propositum ; voluntas, Cic Without design; 

inconsulto. II. A project; cogitatum ; consilium 
To form vast designs ; magna moliri. III. A drawing ; 
ichnographia, Vitr. 

DESIGNATION, s. Destinatio, Plin. ; designatio 

DESIGNEDLY, ad. Consulto ; cogitate ; dedita opera ; 
de industria, Cic. 

DESIGNER. *. I. A drawer; peritus graphidos 
artifex. II. A contriver ; rei faciendae auctor, prin- 
ceps, or inventor ; architectus, Cic. ; repertor ; inventor ; 
excogitator ; machinator ; artifex. 

DESIGNING, a. Astutus ; dolosus ; veteratorius ; artificio 
simulationis eruditus, Cic. ; perfidus ; fallax. 

DESIGNMENT. s. Machinatio ; molitio, Cic. ; mens ; 
animus ; propositum ; consilium, Cic. 

DESIRABLE, a. Optabilis ; optandus ; exoptandus ; 
expetendus, Cic. 

DESIRE, s. Cupiditas ; cupido ; appetitio, Cic. 
Extreme desire; lubido Desire of praise, of glory; 
laudis studium ; gloriae aviditas, Cic. To obtain one't 
desires ; votis potiri ; optata consequi. We have ever$ 
thing to our heart's desire ; omnia nobis ex sententia suc- 
cedunt, Cic. To gratify one's desires ; cupiditates satiare 

et explere, Cic I have my desire; votorum sura 

compos, Sen. 

To DESIRE, v. a. I. To wish; rem cupere, appe- 

tere ; optare ; exoptare ; expetere ; rei desiderio, or 

cupiditate, flagrare, or teneri ; rem concupiscere, Cic. 

II. To ask, request, order ; petere ; postulare ; fiagi- 

tare ; rogare ; poscere ; jubere ; imperare ; praescrihere, 

Cic To desire violently ; peroptare ; cupide ,'appetere ; 

sitienter expetere. 

DESIROUS, a. Cupidus ; rei cupiens, or appetens, Cic. 

To DESIST, v. a. Rem, or de re, desistere ; remittere ; 
omittere ; desinere ; finem facere ; intermittere ; con- 
quiescere a re. 

. DESK. s. Pluteus ; abacus ; Plaut. ; Juv. 

DESOLATE, a. I. Forlorn ; derelictus ; relictus. 
II. Uninhabited ; desertus ; solitarius ; incultus. III. 
Laid waste ; vastatus ; populatus. 

To DESOLATE, v. a. Vastare ; depopulari, Cic. ; de- 
vastare, Liv. ; vastitatem inferre ; omni clade vastare : 
civibus spoliare, or viduare, Virg. 

DESOLATION, s. Vastatio ; vastitas ; spoliatio ; popu- 
latio ; depopulatio ; luctus ; segritudo ; maeror ; majstitia, 

DESPAIR, s. Desperatio. 

To DESPAIR, v. n. De redesperare ; rei spem perdere, 
Cic. ; spe decidere, Liv.; exspes esse, Tac. Despair 
of nothing ; nil desperandum, Hor. 

DESPAIRINGLY, ad. Desperanter, Cic. ; desperate. 

DESPATCH, s. I. Speedy performance ; rerum gr- 
rendarum expedita ratio ; celeritas ; maturitas ; accele- 


ratio, Cic. ; festinatio, Cic. II. An official message ; 
literae ad rcmpublicam pertinentes. III. A hasty mes- 
senger ; nuntius. 

To DESPATCH, v. a. I. To hasten; properare; 
festinare ; accelerare ; maturare ; absolvere ; conficere ; 
expedire, Cic. II. To kill; mortem alicui properare, 

DESPATCHFUL. a. In rebus exsequendis impiger; 
navus ; strenuus ; manu promptus ; agendo strenuus. 

DESPERADO. *. Vir furore amens. 

DESPERATE, a. I. Without hope; exspes ; omni spe 
orbatus. II. Fearless of danger ; impavidus ; timore, 
or metu, vacuus. III. Irretrievable; desperatus ; 
perditus. IV. Furious; furore amens, Cic.; furiis 
incensus, Virg. V. Great (in a ludicrous sense) ; in- 

DESPERATELY. ad. I. Madly ; desperanter, Cic. ; 
desperate ; furiose ; furenter, Cic To fight desperately; 
caeco Marte resistere, Virg. ; caeco furore ferri. II. 
Violently; ardenti studio ; ardenter; studiosissime ; ve- 
hementer, Cic. 

DESPERATENESS. s. Desperatio ; mentis furor ; de- 
mentia ; insania ; impotentia, Cic. 

DESPERATION, s. Desperatio. 

DESPICABLE, a. Contemnendus ; spernendus ; despi- 
ciendus ; contemptu dignus ; despicatissimus ; contemp- 
tissimus ; vilis ; sordidus ; abjectus, Cic. 

DESPICABLENESS. s. Vilitas ; abjectio. 

DESPICABLY, ad. Abjecte. 

To DESPISE, v. a. Contemnere ; spernere ; asperaari ; 
despicere ; parvi ducere ; negligere, Cic. j vile habere, 
Sail. ; pro nihilo putare ; dedignari, Cic. 

DESPISER. s. Contemptor. 

DESPITE, s. I. Malice ; malignitas, Liv. ; malefica 
voluntas, Plin. ; improbitas ; nequitia, Cic. ; malevo- 
lentia; odium, Cic. II. Defiance; contemptio; con- 
temptus, Liv. ; despicatio, Cic. , despectus, us, Quint. ; 
dedignatio; fastidium. III. Act of malice ; malefi- 
cium. In despite of you both; amborum ingratiis, 

Plaut In despite of the senate; nolente senatu. In 

despite of any one ; invito aliquo. 

To DESPITE, v. a. Alicui stomachum facere, or mo- 
vere ; aegre facere, Ter. ; molestiam alicui exhibere ; 

DESPITEFUL, a. Malignus ; malitiosus ; improbus ; 
nequam, Cic. 

DESPITEFULLY. ad. Nequiter ; improbe ; sceleste ; 
nefarie, Cic. 

DESPITEFULNESS. *. Stomachus, Cic.; odium; ma- 
lignitas, Liv. 

To DESPOIL, v. a. Spoliare ; nudare ; eripere ; ex- 
uere ; detrahere ; mulctare ; privare ; orbare, Cic. 

DESPOILER. s. Spoliator, Cic. 

DESPOLIATION, s. Sppliatio. 

To DESPOND, v. n. l)e re desperare ; gpem perdere ; 
despondere, Cic. 

DESPONDENCY, s. Desperatio, Cic. 

DESPONDENT, a. Spe carens : omni spe orbatus. 

To DESPONSATE. v. a. To betroth ; aliquam spon- 
dere, Plaut., or despondere, Cic. 

DESPONSATION. s. Sponsalia, Cic. 

DESPOT, s. Cujus dominatu omnia tenentur, Cic. ; 
sumrous imperil arbiter, Ov. 

DESPOTIC or DESPOTICAL.. a. Summus. Despotic 
power ; summa potestas ; summum imperium ; domina- 
tus, us, Cic. 

DESPOTICALLY, ad. Summo cum imperio. 

DKSPOTICALNESS or DESPOTISM. *. Potestas nullo le- 
gum freno coercita. 

To DESPUMATE. v. a. Despumare ; spumam exi- 

DESPUMATION. *. (Despumatio, Tertull.). Use the 

DESSERT, s. Secunda mensa, Cic. ; bellaria, Varr. 

DESTINATION, s. Destinatio, Plin. ; designatio. 

To DESTINE or DESTINATE. v. a. Destinare ; addi- 
cere ; constituere ; decernere ; designare, Cic. 

DESTINY, s. Fatum ; fatalis vis et necessitas ; fati 
lex. (In the plural), i. e. The Fates; Parcse, Cic. 

DESTITUTE, a. I. Forsaken ; derelictus ; destitutus ; 
desertus, Cic. II. In want of; destitutus ; inops ; in- 
digens ; indigus ; orbus ; orbatus, Cic. 

DESTITUTION, s. I. A forsaking; derelictio ; desti- 
tutio, Cic. II. Want; inopia; penuria ; egestas ; de- 
fectus, us, Cic. 

To DESTROY, v. a. I. To ruin ; eruere ; diruere ; 
evertere; destruere ; demoliri; dirimere, Cic. II. To 
lay waste ; vastare ; devastare ; populare ; depopulate. 
III. To kill; occidere ; enecare ; inter ficere ; vita 
spoliare, Cic. IV. To bring to nought ; perdere; fun- 
ditus tollere ; extinguere ; exterminare ; exstirpare ; de- 
lere ; exscindere ; pessum dare ; abolere ; ad nihilum 

redigere. V To destroy one's self; se ipsum inte- 

rimere ; se luce orbare ; sua manu cadere ; sibi mortem 
conscisccre, Cic To destroy a town ; urbem a funda- 
mentis proruere, Liv., excidere, complanare, Cic., solo 
sequare, Liv. 


DESTROYER or DESTRUCTOR, s. Eversor, Cic. ; popu- 
lator, Ov. ; deletor ; exstinctor ; perditor, Cic. 

DESTRUCTIBLE, a. Fluxus ; fragilis ; caducus, Cic. 

DESTRUCTIBILITY. *. Natura fragilis, or caduca. 

DESTRUCTION. . I. Act of destroying ; excidium; 
eversio ; excisio ; ruina ; pernicies ; exitium ; occasus, 
us, Cic. II. Murder ; caedes ; homicidium ; truci- 
datio ; occisio, Cic. III. Eternal death; aeterna sup- 

DESTRUCTIVE, a. Quod destruendi vim habet ; perni- 
ciosus ; exitiosus ; exitialis ; damnosus ; ruinosus, Cic. ; 
fatalis ; lethalis ; lethifer. 

DESTRUCTIVELY, ad. Perniciose, Plin. ; Cic. ; (exi- 
tiose ; exitialiter, Augustin.). 

DESTRUCTIVENESS. *. Vis destruendi. 

DESUETUDE, s. Desuetude, Liv. To fall into de- 
suetude ; obsolescere, Cic. 

DESULTORY, a. Volaticus ; leviculus, Cic. ; mobilis ; 
instabilis ; levis ; inconstans ; varius, Cic. 

To DETACH, v. a. I. To separate ; solvere ; exsol- 
vere ; avellere ; devellere ; sejungere ; abstrahere, Cic. 
II. To send out a party of men ; milites ex acie sub- 
ducere, Curt., emittere, submittere, Caes. 

DETACHMENT. *. (A term of war.) Sejuncti ab exer- 
citu milites, Curt. ; lecta et expedita maims. 

DETAIL. *. The particulars of a thing ; res singulac ; 
singula, Cic In detail ; singulatim ; sigillatim ; parti- 
culatim, Cic. ; per partes. 

To DETAIL, v. a. Rem ordine prosequi, Ter. ; sin- 
gula recensere, Veil. ; res sigillatim enarrare ; singula 
ordine pandere, Virg. 

To DETAIN, v.a. I. To keep what belongs to an- 
other ; aliena retinere, tenere. II. To keep back; 
tenere ; retinere ; detinere ; morari, Cic. ; retentare, 
Plaut. ; cohibere ; inhibere. III. To restrain from 
departure ; tenere ; moram injicere ; morari, Cic. 
IV. To hold in custody ; carcere, or custodia, tenere, or 
asservare ; captivum detinere ; nectere. 

DETAINER, s. Qui detinet, or possidet ; boni possessor. 

To DETECT, v.a. To find out; detegere ; retegere 1 ; 
patefacere ; notum facere. To delect in the very act ; 
in manifesto scelere deprehendere, Cic. ; in ipso articulo 
opprimere, Ter. 

DETECTION. <s. Deprehensio ; inventio. 

DETENTION, s. I. The act of keeping what belongs 
to another ; injusta boni possessio. II. Confinements 
captivitas ; in custodia inclusio, Cic. 

To DETER, v. a. Retrabere, Ter. ; abstrahere ; avo- 
care ; deflectere ; interpellare ; deterrere ; avertere ; de- 
ducere ; revocare, Cic. 

To DETERGE, v. a. To cleanse a sore; vulnus deter- 
gere, Col. ; vulneris spurcitiam eluere. 

DETERGENT, a. Smectivus, Plin. 

DETERIORATION. . Rei depravatio, Cic. ; aeterior 

DETERMENT. *. Impedimentum, Cic. ; obstaculum, 

DETERMINATE, a. I. Limited; terminatus, circum- 
scriptus, Cic. II. Established ; stabilitus ; consti- 

tutus ; sancitus; certus ; verus. III. Conclusive; 
decretorius, Sen. IV. Fixed; statutus ; constitutus ; 
certus ; ratus ; fixus ; firmus, Cic. V. Resolved ; 
stabilis ; firmus ; propositi tenax ; audax ; confidens ; 
praefidens, Cic. 

DETERMINATELY. ad. Certo ; firmo animo ; audacterj 
fidenter, Cic. 

DETERMINATION. *. Propositum ; fixum consilium ; 
animi firmitudo ; constantia et nrmitas ; audacia ; fiden- 
tia, Cic. 

To DETERMINE or DETERMINATE, v. a. I. To fix; 
rem statuere ; stabilire ; fixam et stabilem reddere ; de- 
cernere. II. To confine ; definire ; terminare ; finibus 
describere ; terminis circumscribere, Cic. III. To 
adjust ; destinare ; aptare ; accommodare ad rem. 
IV. To direct to any certain point ; dirigere; designare. 
V. To influence the choice ; aliquem ad rem incitare ; 
ut rem faciat inducere, Cic. ; animum impellere, Virg. 

VI. To resolve; statuere; constituere; decernere. 

VII. To decide; rem deciders, dirimere, dijudicare 

To determine a question ; controversiam dirimere. 

To DETERMINE, v. a. I. To come to a conclusion ; 
ad finem venire. II. To come to a decision; de re 
decidere; judicare. III. To end; finire ; finem or 
exitum habere ; desinere ; terminari ; Cic. IV. To 
resolve ; statuere ; decernere ; statutum habere. 

DETERSIVE, a. Smecticus, Plin. 

To DETEST, v. a. Detestari ; odisse ; invisum habere ; 
aversari ; a re abhorrere ; horrere, Cic. 

DETESTABLE, a. Detestabilis, Cic. j detestandus, Liv. ; 
exsecrandus ; abominandus, Plin. 

DETESTABLY, ad. Pessimum in modum ; abominan- 
dum in modum, Cic. 

DETESTATION, s Detestatio ; exsecratio ; odium ; 
horror, Cic. 

DETESTER. s. Qui detestatur. 

To DETHRONE, v. a. Regem regno detrudere, Virg., 
expcllere, Caes. ; de solio dejicere. 



To DETONATE, v. n. Cum fragore deflagrate. 
To DBTORT. v. a. Intorta detorquere, Col. ; evol 

To DETRACT, v. a. I. To take away from ; de r 
detrahere ; rem minuere, imminuere, diminuere, de 
mere, recidere, desecare, Cic. II. To slander; de 
altero detrahere ; famarn violare, or lacerare, Ter. ; de 
aliquo maledicere ; maledico dente carpere ; obtrectatione 
lacerare, Cic. ; vellicare, Hor. 

DETRACTOR, s. Obtrectator, Cic. ; maledicus. 

DETRACTION or DETRACTING, s. I. The taking qff 
from a thing ; detractio ; rei diminutio, imminutio 
Cic. II. Slander ; detractio ; maledictio, Cic. ; alienae 
laudis obtrectatio, Caes. 

DETRACTORY or DETRACTIVE, a. I. Defamatory ; 
probrosus ; contumeliosus, Cic. ; maledicus. II. De- 
rogatory ; obtrectans. 

DETRACTRESS. s. Maledica. 

DETRIMENT, s. Damnum ; detrimentum ; jactura ; 
incommodum ; pernicies, Cic. 

DETRIMENTAL, a. Noxius ; nocens ; perniciosus ; 
exitialis; exitiosus; pestifer, Cic..; pernicialis, Liv. 

To DETRUDE, v. a. Detrudere ; praecipitare, Lucr. ; 
praecipitem agere ; dejicere; deturbare, Cic. 

To DETRUNCATE, v. a. Truncare ; detruncare, Plin. ; 
mutilare, Cic. ; amputare ; desecare. 

DETRUSION. s. Depulsio, Cic. 

DEUCE or DEUSE. s. I. (A word used in games) ; 
Duo. II. The devil; diabolus ; malus daemon. 

DEUTERONOMY, s. Deuteronomus. 

DEVASTATION, s. Vastatio ; devastatio ; populatio ; 
depopulatio ; Cic. 

To DEVELOP, v. a. Evolvere ; explicate ; expedire ; 
expandere, Cic. 

DEVERGENCE. s. Devexitas, Plin. ; declivitas, Cars. 

To DEVIATE, v. n. I. To wander from ; se decli- 
nare ; deflectere ; via divertere j decedere ; deerrare ; 
digredi, Cic. II. To go astray; errare ; aberrare; in 
errore versari. 

DEVIATION, s. De via aberratio, Cic. ; declinatio ; 
error ; erratic ; diverticulum ; viae flexus, Cic. 

DEVICE, s. I. A contrivance; ars; inventum ; 
machina ; ratio ; via ; aditus ad rem faciendam, Cic. 
11. A project; consilium ; propositum ; mens ; animus ; 
cogitatum, Cic. III. An emblem; symbolum; emble- 
ma ; similitudo. 

DEVIL, s. Diabolus ; malus daemon ; Satan ; Satanas. 

A little devil; insignis nebulo ; bipedum nequissimus. 

To wish at the devil ; diris devovere, Ov Go to the 
devil! abi in malam rem, Ter The devil is in him; 
intemperiae ilium agitant, Ter. Talk of the devil and 
he 'II appear ; lupus in fabula. 

DEVILISH, a. Quod a diabolo proficiscitur ; nequis- 

DEVILISHLY, ad. Nequisshnum in modum ; extra 
modum ; minium ; immodice. 

DEVIOUS, a. Devius ; avius ; errabundus ; deerrans ; 

DEVISE, s. A bequeathing by will; legatum. 

To DEVISE, v. a. I. To invent ; excogitare ; repe- 
rire; invenire. II. To plan; anirno concipere ; rem 
meditari, Cic.; animo consilium agitare ; machinari ; 
consilium capere ; moliri ; comminisci ; struere ; conflare. 
III. To grant by will; legare; testamento relin- 
quere, Cic. 

To DEVISE, v. n. Secum reputare ; considerare ; 
j meditari ; contemplari ; hariolari, Cic. 

DEVISEE.*. (In law) ; legatarius, Justin. 

DEVISER, s. A contriver; inventor; excogitatorj 
machinator ; hariolus ; dux ; princeps ; auctor, Cic. 

DEVISOR, s. One who bequeaths; testator, Suet.; 
testatrix, Ulp. 

DEVOID, a. I. Empty; vacuus ; inanis ; vacuefactus. 
II. Free from; rei immunis; or, re liber To be 
i devoid of; vacare ; carere ; liberum esse; vacationem 
haliere; exemptum esse, Cic. 

DEVOIR, s. Munus; officium; parte, Cic To pay 
one's devoirs to one; alicui officia praestare, Cic. 

To DEVOLVE, v. a. I. To roll down ; devolvere, 
i Caes. II. To lay a trust on one ; rem alicui concredere, 
i credere, committere. 

To DEVOLVE, v. n. I. To fall in succession into new 
hands ; sorte obtingere, obvenire, pervenire, Cic. II. 
To fall rolling; delabi; deruere. 

DEVOLUTION, s. Casus ; lapsus. 

To DEVOTE, v. a. I. To consecrate ; devovere ; 
addicere; consecrare ; dedicare; vovere, Cic. II. To 
curse; exsecrari ; mala precari ; diris devovere, Ov. 

To devote one's self to a thing ; se totum tradere, 
or dedere, Cic. 

DEVOTEDNESS. s. Devotio, Cic. 

DEVOTEE, s. Pietatis nimius affectator, or nimia con- 
sectatrix ; pietatis simulator. 

DKVOTION. s. Pietas in Deum : pietatis calor, Pliu., 
studium incensum, amor. 

DEVOTIONAL, a. Religiosus, Cic. ; pietati addictus ; 

To DEVOUR, v. a. I. To eat greedily ; vorare, Cic. ; 
devorare, Catull. ; avide comedere, Ov. II. To con- 
sume ; absumere; consumere; exedere, Cic. III. To 
swallow up ; devorare j glutire, Juv. : absorbere 

DEVOURER. s. Helluo; vorax. 
DEVOUT, a. Religiosus ; pietati addictus ; pius ; 
sanctus. A devout man ; deorum cultor. To be de- 
vout ; pietatem colere. 

DEVOUTLY, ad. Pie; religiose; Cic. ; caste; sancte. 
DEVOUTNESS. s. Tenera in Deum pietas; pietatis 
calor, Plin. ; religionis studium incensum ; religio 
sanctimonia, Cic. ; sanctitas. 
DEW. s. Ros, roris, m. 

To DEW. v. a. Aspergere; respergere; rore con- 
spergere, Cic. ; aspergine fovere, Plin. ; aqua irrorare : 
aqua perfundere ; irrigare. 

DEW-BESPRENT, a. Rore conspersus ; roscidus j ro- 
ratus ; rorulentus, Col. 

DEWLAP, s. Palear, Sen. ; in pi., palearia, Virg. 
DEWY. a. I. Moist with dew ; roscidus, Plin. ; 
roratus, Ov. ; rorulentus, Col. ; rorescens, Plin. II. 
Resembling dew; rori similis It is dewy ; rorescit : 
rorat, Plin. 

DEXTERITY, s. Ars; ingenii solertia; industria, Cic. ; 
dexteritas, lav. ; consilium, Cic. 

DEXTEROUS, a. Solers ; navus; industrius, Cic.; 
dexter, Liv. ; callidus ; sciens ; peritus, Cic. ; expertus ; 
experientissimus, Cic. 

DEXTEROUSLY, ad. Dextere, Liv.; prudenter ; solerter ; 
ndustrie; callide; versute, Cic. 
DEXTRAL or DEXTER, a. Dexter, Cic. 
DIABETES, s. A distemper ; urinae incontinentia, Plin. 
DIABOLIC or DIABOLICAL, a. Quod a diabolo pro- 
Sciscitur ; nequissimus. 
DIABOLICALLY, ad. Nequissimum in modum. 
DIADEM, s. Diadema, Cic. ; regium insigne, Tac. 
DIADEMED, a. Diadematus, Cic. 
DIURESIS, s. Diaeresis. 

DIAGONAL, a. ( In geometry) ; diagonalis ; diagonicus. 
DIAGONAL, s. Linea diagonalis, or diagonica, Vltr. 
DIAGONALLY, ad. Diagonalem in modum. 
DIAGRAM, s. Ichnographia, Vitr. ; descripta lineis 

DIAL or DIAL-PLATE, s. Horologium, Vitr. Sun- 
dial; horologium solarium, Plin Needle of a dial; 

acus horarum index ; gnomon, Plin. 

DIALECT, s. I. The subdivision of a language; dia- 
ectus; loquendi genus, Quint The JEolic dialect; 
ratio ^olica, Quint. II. A language i lingua; sermo, 
n ic. 

DIALECTIC, s. Dialectica ; dialectice ; logice, Cic. 
DIALECTICAL, a. Dialecticus ; logicus, Cic. 
DIALECTICALLY. flrf. Dialectice, Cic. 
DIALECTICIAN, s. Dialecticus, Cic. 
DIALLING, s. Gnomonice, Vitr. 
DIALOGIST. 5. Qui dialogum scribit ; dialogi actor. 
DIALOGUE, s. Dialogus, Cic. ; alternus sermo. Hor. ; 
ermo; colloquium ; collocutio, Cic. The art of writing 
iialogues ; ars dialogi conscribendi. To put in dialogue ; 
cenae personas inter se colloquentes inducere. 
To DIALOGUE, v. n. Cum aliquo confabulari, Plaut. ; 
olloqui ; colloquium habere. 

DIAMETER. *. Diametros, Vitr. (linea understood). 
DIAMETRAL or DIAMETRICAL, a. Diametros, Vitr. 
DIAMOND, s. Adamas, Ov. Made of diamonds; 
damantaeus, Ov. ; adamantinus, Plin To cut a dia- 
mond into angles ; lapillum in varia latuscula scalpere. 
The Diamond at cards ; Rhombus rubri coloris. 
DIAMOND-CUTTER, s. Gemmarum scalptor, Plin. 
DIAPASON, s. An octave in music ; diapason, Vitr. 
DIAPER. *. Linteum figuris variis distinctum, or ver- 
icolor ; mantile, Virg. ; mappa, Hor. ; mantilium, Varr. 
To DIAPER, v. a. I. To diversify ; variare ; distin- 
uere, Cic. II. To 'figure linen; linteum tiguris 
ariare, Lucr. 

DIAPHANEITY, s. Perluciditas, Plin. 
DIAPHANIC or DIAPHANOUS, a. Perlucidus ; perlucens, 
/ic. ; translucens, Plin. 
DIAPHORETIC, a. Diaphoreticus. 
DIAPHRAGM, s. (In anatomy) ; diaphragma, Cels. 
DIARRHOEA, s. Alvi profluvium, Cels. ; ventris dis- 
olutio, or resolutio, Cels. 

DIARY, s. Ephemeris ; diurnum commentarium, Cic. ; 
diurna, Tac. ; diarium, Cell. 

DIASTOLE, s. (A term of anatomy.) Cordis dilatatio. 
DIATESSARON. s. A fourth in music; diatessaron, 

DIBBLE, s. Ligo ; pastinum, Col. 
DICACITY. s. Garrulitas ; loquacitas ; loquendi pro- 
uentia, Cic. 

DICE. s. pi. of Die. Ales ; tessera?, Cic. Throw of 
he dice ; tesserarum jactus, Liv To cog the dice ; 
esseras adulterare. 

To DICE. v. n. Tesseris ludere, Ter. 
DICE- BOX. 5. Pyrgus, Hor. ; fritillus, Sen. ; orca, Pers. 



DICER. *. Aleator, Cic. ; qui tesseris ludit ; ludo 

DICKER (of leather), s. Coriorum decussis. 

DICTAMEN. s. Conscientiae sensus intimus. 

To DICTATE, v. a. Rem alicui dictare ; suggerere ; 
edocere ; praescribere ; prasstituere ; quid faciat alicui 
definire, Cic.VCtT : &'{ 

DICTATE, s. Praecepttim ; jussum ; mandatum ; norma ; 
lex ; regular; suasio ; instigatio, Cic. 

DICTATION, s. Dictata, pi. ; praescriptio ; regula. 

DICTATOR, s. Dictator, Cic. 

DICTATORIAL, a. Dictatorius, Cic. ; imperiosus ; sn- 
perbus ; arrogans ; qui magistrum redolet, Cic In a 
dictatorial manner ; superbius ; arrogantius. 

DICTATORSHIP. *. I. Office of dictator ; dictatura 
Cic. II. Tone of a master ; imperium durum. 

DICTION, s. Dictio ; elocutio ; Cic. ; stylus ; dicendi 
ratio, forma, or genus ; sermo, Cic. 

DICTIONARY, s. Vocabulorum index ; lexicon ; (dic- 
tionarium, modern). 

DIDACTIC or DIDACTICAL, a. Praeceptivus, Sen. ; ad 
docendum aptus, or accommodatus. 

DIDAPPER. s. A water bird ; fulica, Virg. ; fulix, 

DIE. s. I. Colour; see DYE. II. (To play 

with) ; tessera ; alea. The die is cast ; jacta est alea, 
Suet. III. Hazard, chance ; casus ; sors ; fortuna ; 
alea, Cic. IV. Stamp used in coining; nota, Plin. ; 

To DIE. v. a. See To DYE. 

To DIE. v. n. I. To lose life ; mori ; occidere ; in- 
terire ; emori ; e vita discedere, decedere, excedere ; a 
vita cedere, recedere, migrare, Cic. ; ex vivorum numero 
exire, Sen. ; diem supremum obire, Plin. ; perire ; morti 
occumbere ; mortem obire ; disperire ; animam efflare, 
or agere, Cic. ; vitam exhalare, Virg. ; exspirare, Liv. ; 
vita fungi ; naturae satisfacere, Cic., concedere, Sail. 
To die a natural death ; mori sua morte, Sen To die 
suddenly; repentina morte obire, Suet To die of old 
age ; prae senio vita defici. To die in the flower of 
youth ; viridem eripi rebus humanis, Curt. To die of 
disease ; morbo absumi. To die a violent death ; 
interimi ; occidi ; necari ; interfici To die by one's 
own hand; violentas manus sibi afferre ; mortem sibi 
consciscere, Cic To ate of hunger ; fame interire To 
die of grief; dolore consumi, Cic. We must all die ; 
vita debetur necessitati, Cic. II. To languish ; lan- 
guere ; tabescere; consumi. III. To vanish; evanes- 
cere ; e conspectu evolare ; ex oculis se subducere, Cic. 
IV. To wither (as a vegetable) ; emori, Plin. ; ares- 
cere, Plaut. V. To grow vapid^&s liquor) ; evanescere ; 
saporem perdere. VI Dying ; moriens ; moribun- 
dus ; languens ; langnidus, Plin To die of laughing ; 
risu emori, Ter. 

DIER. s. See DYER. 

DIET. s. I. Food; alimentum; cibus, Cic. II. 
Food regulated by the rules of medicine ; diaeta, Cic. ; 
victus ratio, Cels. ; abstinentia, Quint. Keeping no 
diet; in geuere cibi liber, Cels. III. An assembly of 
states ; comitia, pi. ; conventus. 

To DIET. v. a. I. To feed by the rules of medicine ; 
rationis victum praescr ibere. 1 1 . To give food to ; alere ; 
alimentum prsestare ; sustentare ; nutricari, Cic. ; nu- 
trire. Juv. 

To DIET, v n. To eat by rules of medicine; fame 
uti ; in victu temperantia uti ; cibo abstinere. 

DIET-DRINK, s. Ptisana, Plin. ; ptisanarium, Hor. 

To DIFFER, v . n. I. To be distinguished from ; ab 
alia re djfferre, descrepare, dissidere, distare. II. To 
be of a Contrary opinion; dissidere; dissentire, Cic. ; 
discordare, Hor. ; Ter. 

DIFFERENCE. 5. I. Contrariety; differentia; dis- 
crimen ; dissimilitude ; discrepantia, Cic. ; diversitas, 
Plin. ; varietas, Cic. II. Distinction ; discrimen ; dis- 
tinctio; distantia. III. Dispute, quarrel ; rixa ; jur- 
gium ; controversia ; contentio ; discordia ; dissensio ; 
dissidium, Cic To settle a difference ; controversiam 
componere, Ter., sedare, or dirimere, Cic. 

To DIFFERENCE, v. a. Res decernere, distinguere, 
Cic. ; rerum differentiatn assignare. 

DIFFERENT, a. Differens ; dissimilis ; dispar; disso- 
nus ; diversus ; discrepans ; varius, Cic. 

DIFFERENTLY or DIFFERINGLY. a. Dissimiliter ; dis- 
simili ratione ; diverse ; varie ; alio modo ; aliter ; secus, 

DIFFERENTIAL, a. (In algebra) ; Differential quantity ; 
quantitas in infinitum decrescens. 

DIFFICULT or DIFFICIL. a. I. Hard, not easy ; diffi- 
cilis ; arduus ; operosus ; laboriosus, Cic Very diffi- 
cult ; perarduus ; perdifiicilis, Cic A little difficult; 
subdifficilis, Cic A difficult thing; res multi laboris. 
II. Peevish, hard to please ; difficilis ; morosus ; 
durus ; inexorabilis, Cic. 

DIFFICULTLY, ad. Difficile ; difficulter ; difficiliter ; 

segre, Cic Very difficultly ; aegreadmodum ; cegerrime, 

Caes. ; perdifficulter, Cic. 

DIFFICULTY, s. I. Contrary to easiness; diffi- 


cultas; nodus, Cic To get over the difficulty ; dlffi- 

cultatem solvere ; nodum expedire. II. That which 
is hard to perform; res multi laboris, ardua, difficilis. 
III. Distress, opposition; incommodum ; mora; 
impedimentum, Cic. ; obstaculum, Plaut. ; negotium 
multiplex. IV. Perplexity ; sollicitudo ; animi anx- 
ietas ; rerum angustiaa; implicatio. V. Objection; 
nodus ; quod objicitur To do away difficulties ; objecta 
diluere, elevare, Cic. 


DIFFIDENCE, s. Sui diffidentia; timiditas; verecun- 
dia, Cic. ; timidus pudor, Ov. 

DIFFIDENT, o. Sibi diffidens ; timidus ; verecundos, 

DIFFIDENTLY, ad. Diffidenter, Cic. 

DIFFLUENCE or DiFFLUENCY. *. Fluida natura. 

DIFFLUENT, a. Fluidus, Virg. ; diffusilis, Lucr. 

To DIFFUSE, v. a. Diffundere ; effundere; profun- 
dere ; spargere ; dispergere ; dissipare, Cic. 

DIFFUSE, a. I. Widely spread ; dispersus; dissi- 
patus ; effusus ; diffusus; disseminatus, Cic. II. Not 
concise ; fusus ; diffusus ; longior. A diffuse style ; 
dicendi genus parum pressum nimisque redundans ; oratio 
latius fusa ; Cic. 

DIFFUSELY, ad. Fuse ; verbose ; late, Cic. 

DIFFUSION, s. I. Dispersion; diffusio; dispersus, 
us, Cic. II. Copiousness; orationis longitude, Cic. ; 
diffusio, Sen. 

DIFFUSIVE, a. Diffusus ; effusus ; dispersus ; dissi- 

DIFFUSIVELY, ad. Diffuse ; effuse ; fuse ; verbose, 

DIFFUSIVENESS, s. Diffusio ; prolatio j productio ; ex- 
tensio ; orationis longitudo, Cic. / 

To DIG. v. a. and n. I. To make hollow ; cavare ; 
excavare ; effodere, Cic. II. To turn with a spade; 
terrain fodere, Cic. ; ligone vertere, Virg. ; ligonibus 
moliri, Liv. III. To pierce ; forare; efforare, Col. j 
perterebrare, Cic. ; perfodere et perforare, Plin. ; per- 
tundere, Petron. VI To dig out, or up ; e terra eru- jj 
ere; effodere, Cic. 

DIGERENT. a. Pepticus, Plin. ; quod concoquendi cibi 
vim habet. 

DIGEST. *. Digesta, pi. ; Pandectaj. 

To DIGEST, v. a. I. To concoct in the stomach ; ci- 
boscoquere, or concoquere, Cic.; digerere, Cels. II. 
To put up with, brook ; rem aequo animo ferre ; conco- 
quere. III. To arrange; res digerere; componere; 
ordine disponere, Cic,; in ordinem redigere. IV. T 
soften by heat ; coctionem facere, Plin. 

To DIGEST, v. . ( With surgeons) ; guppurare, Col. ; 
pus emittere, Cels. 

DIGESTER, s. 1. ( In physic ); remedium pepticum,' 
Plin. II. One who digests his food ; qui cibos conco* 

DIGESTIBLE, a. Ad coquendum facillimus, Cic. 

DIGESTION, s. Digestio, Cels. ; coctio ; concoctio, 
Plin. (In chymistry) ; maturatio. (In surgery) ; sup- 
puratio, Cic. ; puris profluvium, Cels. 

DIGESTIVE, a. I. That causes digestion ; pepticus, 
Plin. ; quod concoquendi cibi vim habet. II. That 
causes a wound to suppurate ; suppuratorius, Plin. 

DIGESTIVE, s. Remedium pepticum, Plin. 

DIGGER, s. Fossor, Virg. ; cavator, Plin. A grave- 
digger ; fossor, Mart. 

To DIGHT. v . a. Ornare ; exornare. 

DIGIT, s. Digitus, Cic. 

DIGITATED, a. Denticulatus, Plin. ; dentatus, Vitr. 

DIGNIFIED, a. Nobilitatus ; dignitate auctus ; honore, 
or munere, amplificatus. 

To DIGNIFY, v. a. I. To prefer, promote s honors 
amplificare ; honoribus decorare. II. To give lustre , 
illustrare ; nobilitare ; amplissimum facere ; decorare ; 
ornare ; honestare, Cic. 

DIGNITARY. 5. Munere, or dignitate, auctus ; honore 
amplificatus, Cic. 

DIGNITY, s. Auctoritas ; dignitas ; honor ; dignitatis 
gradus ; munus ; nobilitas ; altitudo, Cic. The dignity 
of a senator ; ordo senatorius. The dignity of a king ; 
potestas regia. 

To DIGRESS, v. n. I. To turn out of the road ; de 
via declinare, deflectere, digredi; via divertere, dece- 
dere, deerrare, aberrare, Cic. II. To depart from the 
main design of a discourse ; digredi a proposito, Cic. ; ab 
institute sermone deflectere. 

DIGRESSION, s. I. A passage deviating from the 
main design of a discourse ; digressio ; digressus, Cic. 
II. A deviation; diverticulum ; viae flexus ; de via 
aberratio, declinatio, erratic, Cic. 

To DIJUDICATE. v. a. I. To judge between ; diju- 
dicare; litem, or controversiam, dirimere. II. To 

distinguish ; discernere ; dignoscere ; distinguere ; inter- 
noscere, secernere, Cic. 

DIKE. s. I. A channel ; canalis ; fistula ; tubulus ; , 
fossa, Cic. II. A mound to hinder inundation ; moles | 

agger A dike to turn off a river ; pulonius, Vitr. { ; 

arcendis aquis injecta moles. 



To DILACERATE. v. a. Dilacerare ; lacerare ; lani- 
are ; dilaniare ; discerpere ; discindere. Cic. 

DILACERATION. s. Laceratio ; lania.,us, us, Cic. ; la- 
niatio, Sen. ; scissura, Plin. ; dilaceratio. 

To DILAPIDATE, v. a. Dilapidare, Cic. ; destruere ; 
demoliri ; diruere ; evertere ; evellere, Cic. 

DILAPIDATION, s. Kuina ; disperditio ; eversio ; in- 
teritus ; demolitio, Cic. 

DILATABILITY. *. Dilatandi se facultas. 

DILATABLE, a. Quod dilatari potest. 

DILATATION, s. Explicatio; extensio. Dilatation of 
the heart ; animi effusio, Sen. 

To DILATE, v. a. I. To extend; dilatare ; relaxare ; 
laxare; explicare; expandere, . Cic. ; distendere, Ov. ; 
ampliare, Cels. II. To relate at large; singulapan- 
dere ; singulatim enarrare. 

To DILATE, v. n. Relaxari ; difiundi ; latescere, Col. ; 
Be explicare. 

DILATORINESS. s. Tarditas ; procrastinatio ; cuncta- 
tio ; mora, Cic. 

DILATORY, a. Dilatorius, Ulp. ; moratorius ; Paul. 
Jet. ; cunctabundus; cunctans, Liv.; tardus. A dila- 
tory man ; dilator ; cunctator, Hor. ; Liv. 

DILECTION. s. Amicitia ; benevolentia ; necessitudo ; 
studium ; amor, Cic. 

DILEMMA, s. I. An argument concluding for and 
against ; complexio, Cic. ; dilemma. II. A vexatious 
alternative; difficultas rerum, Sail To reduce to a 
dilemma ; ad iacitas redigere. To be in a dilemma ; ad 
tocitas redigi. 

DILIGENCE. *. Diligentia ; sedulitas ; agendi celeri- 
tas ; alacritas, Cic. 

DILIGENT, a. Diligens ; impiger ; sedulus ; studio- 
sus, Cic. ; strenuus ; industrius ; celer ; acer ; alacer ; 
promptus, Cic. 

DILIGENTLY, ad. Diligenter ; sedulo ; accurate, 
Cic. ; impigre, Liv. ; celeriter ; velociter, Cic. 

DILL. s. An herb ; anetium, Virg. 

DILUCID. a. Perlucidus ; perlucens, Cic. ; clarus ; 
manii'estus ; evidens ; perspicuus ; dilucidus, Cic. 

To DILUCIDATE. v. a. Rei lucem afferre ; rem diluci- 
dare ; enodare ; enucleare ; explicare ; aperire, Cic. 

DILUCIDATION. s. Explicatio ; enodatio ; explanatio ; 

To DILUTE, v. a. Rem colliquefacere, Cic. ; diluere, 
Cels. ; aqua macerare, Plin. ; temperare. 

DILUTER. s. Vim discussoriam habens, Plin. 

DILUTION, s. Temperatio ; aquaa immixtio, Cic. 

DIM. a. I. Not seeing clearly ; lusciosus, Plaut. ; 
caligans, Virg. II. Dull of apprehension; hebes; 
stupidus, Cic. ; plumbeus, Ter. ; tardus, Cic. ; ingenio 
cunctantior, Liv. III. Not clearly seen ; obscuratus; 
subobscurus, Cic. IV. Obstructing the act of vision ; 
obscurus, Virg. ; tenebrosus, Varr. ; tenebricosus, Cic. ; 
caliginosus ; nebulosus, Virg. 

To DIM. v . a. I. To hinder from a free exercise of 
vision; prospectum impedire. II. To darken ; obscu- 
rare ; obumbrare, Cic. ; rei tenebras oflundere ; caliginem 
inferre,inducere,.or offundere, Liv. ; lumini officere, Cic. 

DIMENSION, s. Dimensio ; amplitude ; magnitude ; 
spatium, Cic. To take the dimensions of any thing ; 
rem metiri, or dimetiri, Cic. 

To DIMINISH, v. a. I. To make less; minuere ; 
diminuere ; imminuere ; extenuare ; levare ; remittere ; 
de re detrahere, demere ; minorem reddere, Cic. II. 
To impair ; rei detrimentum afferre ; deprimere ; de- 
mittere ; dejicere ; deterere, Hor. ; vitiare ; corrum- 
pere, Cic. 

To DIMINISH, v. n. Imminui ; decrescere ; se remit- 
tere ; minui ; levari ; rarescere ; laxare ; deficere, Cic. 

DIMINUTION, s. I. The act of making less, state of 
growing less ; diminutio ; imminutio, Cic. ; contractura, 
vitr. ; remissio, Cels. ; decessio, Cic. II. Degrada- 
tion ; dignitatis imminutio; honoris spoliatio ; abjectio ; 
demissio; contemptio, Cic. III. Injury of reputa- 
tion ; laudis obtrectatio ; famae violatio, Cic. 

DIMINUTIVE, a. Exiguus ; minutus ; parvus; parvu- 
lus ; minusculus ; pusillus, Cic. 

DIMINUTIVENESS. s. Parvitas ; exiguitas, Cic.; tenu- 
Itas, Plin. ; brevis statura, Caes. 

DIMISH. a. (Used of the eyes) ; lusciosus, Plaut. 

DIMISSORY. o. (In law); Dimissory letter ; dimisso- 
riae litterae. 

DIMITY, s. Xylinum, Plin. 

DIMLY, ad. Obscure, Cic. ; non perfecte ; parum 

DIMNESS, s. I. Dulness of sight ; caligatio, Plin. 

II. Stupidity ; stupiditas ; stupor, Cic. 
DIMPLE, s. Gelasinus, i, m., Mart. 
DIM-SIGHTED, a. Lusciosus, Plaut. ; caligans, Virg. 
DIN. . Sonus ; sonitus ; strepitus ; fragor ; crepitus ; 
Stridor ; clangor ; fremitus, Cic. 

To DIN. v. a. To stun with noise; alicujus aures 
pertundere, Ter. 
To DINE. v. n. Prandere, Cic. 
To DING. v. a. Contundere, Cic. ; elidere, Virg. ; 
confringere, Cic. 

DINGLE, s. A dale ; vallis, Virg. ; vallecula, Fest. 

DINING-ROOM, s. Ccenatio, Col. ; ccenaculum, Varr. 

DINNER, s. Prandium To give a dinner to; pran- 
dium alicui praebere. To invite to dinner ; ad prandium 
vocare, Cic. 

DINT. s. I. -46/ow;,-ictus;plaga. II. A mark; 
nota impressa; impressio; vestigium impressum, Cic. 

III. Force; vis; impetus; violentia, Plin By 

dint of; prae. 

To DINT. v. a. Notam imprimere ; contundere. 

DIOCESAN, s. Dicecesanus, Eccl. 

DIOCESE, s. The circuit of a bishop's jurisdiction; 

DIOPTRICS, s. pi. Dioptrica. 

To DIP. v. a. I. To immerge ; in aquam mer- 
gere ; immergere ; demergere, Cic. II. To moisten; 
madefacere, Cic. ; humectare, Virg. ; aqua imbuere, 
Col. III. To engage as a pledge; fundum creditor i 
oppignerare, or pignori opponere, Ter. IV. To dip 
into a book ; librum percurrere, or pervolvere, Catull. ; 
cursim legere. 

To DIP. v. n. I. To sink; se mergere ; submergi, 
Cic.; urinari, Plin. II. To enter; intrare ; ingredi; 
introire; aliquo pedem infer re To dip into a wood ; 
in silvas sese abstrudere, Cic. III. To choose by 
chance; forte, or casu, eligere. 

DIPHTHONG, s. Diphthongus. 

DIPLOMA, s. Diploma, atis, n., Suet. ; literae com- 

DIPLOMACY, s. Juris et uniuscujusque gentis cum 
caeteris convenientia? scientia. 

DIPLOMATICS, s. Quod ad gentium jus et convenien- 
tiam pertinet. 

DIPPER, s. Qui immergit ; urinator, Liv. 

DIRE or DIREFUL, a. Dims ; terribilis ; horrendus ; 
horribilis ; saevus ; immanis ; atrox ; horrificus ; teter ; 
crudelis ; trux, Cic. 

DIRECT, a. Directus, Cic. ; rectus, Lucr. ; clarus ; 
perspicuus ; manifestus ; evidens ; certus, Cic. 

To DIRECT, v. a. I. To aim in a straight line ; 
recta dirigere, Cic. II. To point against as a mark; 
in aliquem intendere, Plin., or conjicere, immittere, 
collineare, Cic. III. To ' regulate ; dirigere; consiliis 
regere ; componere ; constituere ; praescribere ; ad nor- 
mam dirigere, Cic. IV. To order; jubere ; mandare ; 
imperare ; ordinare ; praescribere ; praefinire, Cic. V. 
To put a superscription to a letter ; litteras inscribere, 
Cic. VI. To show; indicare ; monstrare ; demon- 
strare ; significare ; designare ; viam monstrare ; edo- 
cere, Cic. VII. To steer one's course at sea ; navem 
gubernare ; clavum tenere ; rectum cursum tenere, or 
aliquo tendere. 

DIRECTION, s. I. Management ; rectio ; curatio ; 
administratio ; gubernatio, Cic. II. Order; jussum; 
mandatum ; praescriptum ; documentum, Cic. III. 
Superscription of a letter ; epistolae inscriptio, Cic. 
IV. Name of the place where one lives ; designatio ; in- 
dicium, Cic. V. To put one's self under the direction 
of any one ; ad ductum alicujus se applicare, Cic. 

DIRECTIVE, a. Qui dirigit. 

DIRECTLY, ad. I. In astraight line ; recte ; directo. 

Directly opposed ; ex adverso oppositus. II. With- 
out circumlocution ; sine anfractu, or circuitione, Cic. 

III. Without loss of time ; statim ; extemplo ; con- 
festim; continuo; Cic. j'illico, Petr Directly against / 
ex adverso ; e regione ; Cic. 

DIRECTOR, s. Rector; moderator; dux; princeps ; 
magister, Cic. 

DIRENESS or DIREFULNESS. s. Horror ; diritas ; im- 
manitas ; Cic. 

DIREPTION. s. Direptio ; depopulatio ; populatio j 
vastatio, Cic. 

DIRGE, s. Nenia, Cic. 

DIRK. s. Sica; pugio, Cic.; sicula, Plaut. ; pugiun- 
culus, Cic. 

DIRT.S. I. Mud; lutum ; ccenum, Cic.; limus, 
Virg. ; sordes, Cic. ; spurcitia, Ter. ; illuvies, Virg. ; 
fimum, Plin. It. Meanness; vilitas ; turpitude; 

fceditas ; abjectio ; obsccenitas ; paedor, Cic. 

To DIRT. v. a. Luto inficere ; cceno aspergere, or ob- 
linere, Cic. ; inquinare, Hor. ; maculare, Col. ; luto con- 
spurcare, Col. 

DIRTILY, ad. I. Nastily ; spurce ; foede, Cic. ; 
squalide; sordide, Cic. II. Meanly; sordide; fcede; 
turpiter, Cic. 

DIRTINESS, s. I. Nastiness ; spurcitia ; sordes ; 
paedor, Cic. ; illuvies, Virg. ; squalor, Cic. ; purgamen- 
tum ; fimus, Virg. II. Meanness; vilitas; abjectio; 
turpitudo, Cic. 

DIRTY, a. I. Nasty; lutosus ; coenosus ; luto, or 
cceno, oblitus, Cic. ; luto aspersus, Hor. ; immundus, 
Ter. ; spurcus, Catull. ; fcedus, Tac. ; squalidus, Cic. 
II. Sullied; inquinatus ; vitiatus ; turbidus, Cic. III. 
Mean, base ; sordidus ; vilis ; abjectus ; turpis ; foedus ; 
probrosus ; infamis A dirty fellow ; sordidulus nebulo. 

A dirty work ; admissum fcede, Liv. 
To DIRTY, v. a. See To DIRT. 



I DISABILITY, t. Impotentia ; virium inopia, Cic. : im- 


To DISABLE, v. a. I. To render useless ; inutilem 
reddere. II. To weaken, crush ; debilitare ; frangere ; 
enervate ; vires imminuere ; infirmare ; extenuate, Cic. 

To disable a ship; navem exarmare, or armaraentis 

To DISABUSE, v. a. Ab errore avertere ; animum 
errore liberare ; alicui errorem eripere, Cic. 

To DISACCUSTOM, v. a. Aliquem rei faciendae consue- 
tudine abducere, Cic. 

DISADVANTAGE, s. Damnum ; incommodum ; detri- 
mentum, Cic. 

To DISADVANTAGE, v, a. Alicui nocere, pfficere ; de- 
trimentum afferre, Cic. ; ctamno esse, Plin. ; alterius 
commodis obstare, Liv. 

DISADVANTAGEOUS, a. Incommodus ; iniquus ; Cic. 

DISADVANTAGEOUSLY. ad. Incommode ; inique ; Cic. 

To DISAFFECT. v. a. Abalienare ; aliquem ab alio 
divellere, distrahere, disjungere ; animum avertere, Cic. 

The disaffected ; factiosi, Sail. ; seditiosi, Cic. 
DISAFFECTEDLY. ad. Animo averse, abalienato, or 


DISAFFECTION, s. Animus alienatus, or abalienatus ; 
voluntas alienata, or abalienata. 

To DISAGREE, v. n. Dissidere ; dissentire, Cic. ; dis- 
cordare, Ter. ; ab aliquo discrepare, Cic. 

DISAGREEABLE, a. Ingratus ; injucundus, Cic. ; in- 
suavis, Col. ; inamcenus, Ov. ; gravis ; molestus ; acer- 
bus j operosus ; contrarius ; difficilis ; morosus, Cic. 

DISAGREEABLENESS. s. Molestia ; injucunditas ; Cic. 

DISAGREEABLY, ad. Injucunde ; moleste ; acerbe, 
Cic. ; illepide, Hor. ; insulse, Cic. 

DISAGREEMENT, s. Dissensio ; dissidium ; dissiden- 
tia, Plin. ; repugnantia ; discrepantia ; rixa ; contentio ; 
discordia, Cic. 

To DISALLOW, v. a. and n. I. To deny ; rem ne- 
gare ; infitiari, Cic. j vetare ; prohibere ; interdicere, Cic. 
II. To censure ; vituperate; reprehendere ; impro- 
bare ; minus probare, Cic. ; obtrectare, Plin. 

DISALLOWABLE. a. Inconcessus, Ov. ; impennissus, 
Hor. ; illicitus, Cic. 

DISALLOWANCE, s. Interdictio ; interdictum, Cic. ; 
improbatio, Auct. ad Her. 


To DISANNUL, v. a. Abrogare ; rescindere j anti- 
quare jirritum facere ; tollere ; obliterare, Cic. 

To DISAPPEAR, -v. n. Evanescere; e conspectu evo- 
lare ; ex oculis se subducere, Cic. 

To DISAPPOINT, v. a. Aliquem frustrari, or frau- 
date, Cic. ; de ape dejicere ; consilia praeripere, or 
distutbare ; destituere, Hor. To be disappointed ; 
spe falli One who is disappointed ; quern spes illusit, 

DISAPPOINTMENT, s. Destitutio, Cic. ; frustratio, 
Plaut. ; casus infestus, Cic. 

DISAPPROBATION, s. Reprehensio ; vituperatioj con- 
demnatio, Cic. ; improbatio, Auct. ad Her. 

To DISAPPROVE, v. a. Improbare ; minus probare ; 
damnar^ reprehendere ; vituperare, Cic. 

To DISARM, v. a. Alicui arma detrahere, Cic. ; ex- 
armare, Caes. ; armis exuere, Virg To disarm one's 
anger ; iram placare, or mitigare, Ov. 

To DISARRAY, v. a. Perturbare ; vestes exuere, or de- 

DISARRAY, s. Confusio ; perturbatio ; tumultus, fas, 

DISASTER, s. Calamitas, Cic. ; infortunium, Liv. ; 
casus adversus, or infestus ; adversa fortuna, Cic. 

To DISASTER, v.a* Contristare; dolore, or maerore, 
afficere ; calamitatem importare, or afferre ; in calamita- 
tem trahere, Cic. 

DISASTROUS, a. Calamitosus ; fatalis ; funestus ; ex- 
itiosus ; exitialis ; perniciosus ; infelix ; infortunatus, 

To DISAVOW or DISAVOUCH. v . a. Inficiari ; negare ; 
denegare, Cic. 

DISAVOWAL, s. Negatio ; infitiatio, Cic. 

To DISAUTHORIZE. v. a. Fidem, or auctoritatem, 
derogare, abrogare, infirmare, minuere, Cic., adimere, 

To DISBAND, v. a. I. To dismiss from military ser- 
vice ; exercitum dimittere ; legiones missas facere ; mili- 
tes exauctorare, Liv. II. To spread abroad, scatter ; 
dissipare ; dispergere ; in diversa loca dimittere, Liv. 

To DISBAND, v. n. Diversos ire, Plaut. ; palari, Liv. ; 
passim vagari, Cic. 

To DISBARK. v. a. Copias interram exponere, Caes. ; 
cxscensionem facere, Liv. 

DISBELIEF, s. Use the verbs. (Incredulitas, Apul.) 

To DISBELIEVE, v. a. Fidem derogare, Cic. ; parum 
credere ; fidem non habere / neither believe nor dis- 
believe it ; neque annuo neque abnuo. 

DISBELIEVER, a. Incredulus ; qui fidem non habet, 

To DISBRANCH, v. a. Ramos arboris interlucare, 

To DISBURDEN, v. a. Onus, or onere, levare, Cic. ; 
onus eximere, or deponere, Caes. ; exonerare, Plin. ; li- 
berare. To disburden one's mind ; amfeo animum 
aperire, Cfc. 

To DISBURSE, v. a. Pecumara numerare, 01 impen- 
dsre ; nummos exponere ; impensas, or sumptum, facere, 

DISBURSEMENT. . Sumptus ; impensa ; expensum, 
Cic. The disbursement exceeds the receipts ; ratio ex- 
pensi rationem accepti superat, Varr. 

DISBURSER. 5. Qui pecuniam erogat. 

To DISCANDY. v. n. Dissolvi; liquefied, Cic.; li- 
quari, Plin. 

To DISCERN, v. a. 1. To descry ; aspicere ; cer- 
nere ; prospicere, Cic.; aspectu seutire, or percipere; 
introspicere ; pervidere, Cic. II. To judge ; cognos- 
cere; judicare; judicium facere. III. To distinguish ; 
discernere ; dignoscere ; dijudicare ; distinguere, Cic. 

To DISCERN, v. n. Discrimen facers ; interesse. 

DiscERNER. s. Qui discernit, or dignoscit, perspicit, 
or judicat. 

DISCERNIBLE, a. Quod scnsu percipi potest, Cic. ; 
visibilis ; sensibilis, Vitr. ; sub sensum cadens, Cic. ; 
quod facile cerni, or distingui, potest. 

DISCERNIBLY. ad. Aspectabili specie ; palam ; aperte ; 
clare ; evidenter ; perspicue ; manifeste, Liv. 

DISCERNING, a. Sagax ; solers ; prudens ; sapiens ; 
acer ; acutus, Cic. 

DISCERNINGLY, ad. Sagaciter ; solerter ; acriter ; con- 
siderate ; sapienter ; prudenter, Cic. 

DISCERNMENT, s. Acris ingenii acies ; sagacitas ; 
perspicientia ; mentis solertia ; judicium, Cic. A man 
of discernment; vir acris ingenii, Cic. 

To DISCERP. v. a, Separare ; sejungere ; segregare ; 
disjungere ; discerpere ; dilaniare ; dissociare, Cic. 

DISCERPTIBLE. a. Quod separari, or disjungi, potest. 

DISCERPTION. s. Laceratio ; dilaniatio ; separatio, 

To DISCHARGE, v. a. I. To unload ; onus exi- 
mere, Cic. ; exonerare, Plin. II. To set free from 
obligation liberare ; absolvere ; immunitatem dare ; 
rei immunem facere; fidem remittere, Cic. III. To v 
free from any load ; onus levare ; exonerare ; onus al le- 
vare, expedire, Cic. IV. To pay ; aes alienum solvere, 
or dissolvere ; exsolvere, Cic. V. (A gun) ; fistulam 
ferream explodere. VI. To clear; absolvere; libe- 
rare. VII. To perform; munus explere, perficere, 
exsequi ; munere fungi ; partes agere ; omcrum colere, 
Cic., or curare, Plaut. ; officio satisfacere ; officia obire, 
Cic. VIII. To destroy; destruere ; diruere; demo- 
liri ; evertere ; dirimere. IX. To dismiss from ser- 
vice ; dimittere; missum facere (A soldier); militem 
exauctorare, Liv. X. To divest of any employment ; 
honore spoliare ; magistratu movere, dejicere, depel- 
lere. XI. To free from confinement ; e carcere emit- 
tere ; vinculis levare ; in libertatem vindicare ; liberta- 
tem dare, Cic. XII. To hurl a weapon; telum 
conjicere, immittere, torquere, vibrare, Cic. 

To DISCHARGE, v. n. Dilabi ; evanescere ; onere se 
levare ; liberare, Cic. ; defluere. 

DISCHARGE, s. Onerum levatio ; levamen ; levamen- 
tum ; missio ; emissio ; liberatio ; manumissio, Cic. ; 
assertio, Quint. ; solutae rei cautio, Cic. ; accepti latio, 
Ulp. ; absolutio ; exsecutio ; muneris functio ; solutio, 
Cic Discharge of humours ; humorum detractio, Pliu. 

To DISCIND. v. a. Discindere, Liv. ; dividere ; par- 
tiri ; in partes distribuere, Cic. 

DISCIPLE, s. Auditor ; discipulus ; alumnus, Cic. 

DISCIPLESHIP. s. Dscipuli conditio. 

DISCIPLINABLE. a. Ad disciplinam docilis, Cic. 

DISCIPLINE, s. I. Instruction; disciplina; institu- 
tio, Cic. II. Rule of government ; regula; norma; 
lex; administratio, Cic. III. Military regulation; 
disciplina, or mos, militiae, Cic. IV. State of sub- 
jection To be under discipline ; esse in alicujus imperio, 

potestate, arbitrio. V. Any thing taught ; ars ; artes; 
scientia ; doctrina ; institutum. v I. Punishment; 
pcena ; flagellum ; scutica. 

To DISCIPLINE, v. a. I. To educate ; docerejedo- 
cere ; praeceptis imbuere, or instruere ; erudire ; insti- 
tuere, Cic. II. To regulate; instituere ; milites ex- 
ercitare, Cic. III. To punish ; punire ; castigate ; 
pcena afficere ; in aliquem pcena animadvertere ; flagello 

To DISCLAIM, v. a. Inficiari ; negare ; denegare ; 
abnegare ; abnuere ; renuntiare ; abjicere, Cic. 

DISCLAIMER, s. Qui negat, or renuntiat. 

To DISCLOSE, v. a. I. To uncover; aperire; de- 
tegere ; retegere ; patefacere ; indicare ; notum facere ; : 
in lucem proferre ; recludere ; ptodere ; explicare, Cic. 
II. To hatch, open; pullos excludere, Cic. III. 
To reveal ; indicare ; aperire ; rem notam facere ; pro- 
dere ; pervulgaje ; edere ; palam facere. 

DISCLOSURE, s. Expositio ; explicatio ; declaratio; 
patefactio, Cic. 


To DISCOLOUR, v. a. Decolorare, Col. ; tingere ; co- 
Are inficere ; colorare, Cic. ; rei nitorem obfuscare, 
obscurare, maculare. To be discoloured ; colorem 
atnittere, Ov. ; decolorari, Col. 

To DISCOMFIT, v. a. Hostium aciem profligare ; 
exercitum csedere ; hostes fundere ; fugare ; hostibus 
cladem afferre, Cic. 

DISCOMFIT or DISCOMFITURE, s. Absoluta strages, 
Liv. ; exercitus clades, Cic., or dissipatio. 

DISCOMFORT, s. Animi asgritudo ; masror ; cura ; 
sollicitudo ; molestia ; angor, Cic. 

To DISCOMFORT, v. a. Alicui maerorem, molestiam, 
or sollicitudinera, afferre ; contristare, Cic. 

To DISCOMMODE, v. a. Alicui incommodare ; incom- 
modo esse ; incommodum ferre ; incommodum, gravem, 
or molestum, esse ; incomraodo afficere, Cic. 


To DISCOMPOSE, v. a. I. To unsettle ; disturbare ; 
perturbare ; rerum ordinem pervertere ; conturbare, 
Cic. II. To fret, vex; vexare; contristare; maero- 
rem, or dolorem, afferre ; tristitia, or maerore, afficere, 

Cic That I may not discompose you ; quod sine ullo 

tuo incommodo fiat, Cic. 

DISCOMPOSURE. . Perturbatio; confusio ; ordinis 
inversio ; animi perturbatio ; aegritudo ; sollicitudo ; anx- 
ietas, Cic. 

To DISCONCERT, v. a. I. To unsettle the mind ; 
turbare ; perturbare ; concitare ; commovere ; sollici- 
tare, Cic. II. To break a scheme; consilia praeri- 
pere, frangere, disturbare, perturbare, frustrari, Cic. 

DiscoNFORMiTY or DiscoNGRUiTY. s. Discrepantia ; 
repugnantia ; dissidentia, Cic. 

DISCONSOLATE, a. Inconsolabilis, Ov. ; non consola- 
bilis, Cic. ; afflictus ; maerore animi confectus, Cic. 

DISCONSOLATELY, ad. Insolabiliter, Hor. 

DISCONTENT, s. Offensio ; molestia ; animi aagritudo ; 
cura ; angor ; anxietas ; maeror ; dolor, Cic. 

DISCONTENT, a. Non contentus ; animo offensior ; 
cui non factum est satis ; rem graviter ferens ; maestus ; 
sollicitus ; anxius, Cic. 

To DISCONTENT, v. a. Alicui non satisfacere ; offen- 
dere ; molestia afficere ; sollicitare ; angere ; vexare ; 

Cic To be discontent with a thing ; rem graviter ferre, 


of cohesion of parts ; ordo interrupta. II. Cessation, 
intermission; intermissio ; intercapedo, Cic.; intermissus, 
tis, Plin. Discontinuance of business j justitium, Cic. 

To DISCONTINUE, v.n. I. To lose (he cohesion of 
parts; interrumpi. II. To leave off, cease ; rem inter- 
mittere ; rei intercapedinem facere ; cessare ; desinere ; 
interpelli ; intercipi ; interrumpi, Cic. 

DISCORD or DISCORDANCE, s. I. Disagreement; dis- 
cordia ; dissensio ; dissidium ; contentio ; rixa, Cic. 
II. (In music) ; sonus dissonans, Vitr. ; modi discordes, 
8 tat. 

To DISCORD, v. n. Discordare ; dissonare ; discre- 
pare, Cic. 

DISCORDANT, a. Discors ; dissonus ; absonus ; con- 
trarius ; oppositus ; adversus ; ab alia re alienus ; in- 
sociabilis, Plin. 

To DISCOVER, v. a. I. To show ; monstrare; de- 
monstrare; indicare; significare ; designare, Cic. II. 
To make known ; rem notam facere ; patefacere ; rete- 
gere ; detegere ; aperire ; vulgare '; divulgare ; in lu- 
cem proferre, Cic. III. To find out ; invenire ; ex- 
cogitare ; comminisci ; reperire, Cic. 

DISCOVERABLE, a. I. That may be found out ; quod 
inveniri potest. II. Exposed to view ; sub sensum, 
or aspectum, cadens ; apertus ; perspicuus ; manifestus, 

DISCOVERER, s. I. A finder out; inventor, Cic.; 
exco<;itator, Quint.; commentor, Ov. II. A scout; 
explorator ; speculator, Caes. 

DISCOVERY, s. Inventio ; excogitatio ; deprehensio ; 
patefactio ; declaratio ; indicium ; inventum ; Cic. 

DISCOUNT, s. Summae subductio, Cato ; imminutio ; 
de summa decessio, or detractio, Sen. 

To DISCOUNT, v. a. Aliquid e summa detrahere, 
subducere, de summa deducere, or decessionem facere, 

\ To DISCOUNTENANCE, v. a. Aliquem perturbare, or 
percellere ; improbare ; minus probare ; reprimere. 

To DISCOURAGE, v. a. I. To deter ; dissuadere ; a 
re deterrere ; alicui auctorem esse ne faciat, Cic. II. 
To depress ; animum frangere ; debilitare, Cic. ; infrin- 
gerc ; consternare ; Liv. ; reprimere ; coercere ; cohi- 
l>rc ; comprimere, Cic. 

DISCOURAGEMENT, s. Animi infractio, abjectio, de- 
bilitatio, demissio, Cic. 

DISCOURSE, s. I. Conversation; colloquium; ser- 
mo ; rongressus ; collocutio, Cic. II. A dissertation; 
; oratio; disputatio ; disceptatio, Cic. ; disserta- 
ti;>. Plin. 

To DISCOURSE, v. n. Cum alterosermonem, or collo- 
quiura, habere ; colloqui; conferre, Cic.; confabulari, 
Plaut. ; in colloquium venire. 


To DISCOURSE, v. a. To treat of; de re sermonem 
habere ; disserere ; verba facere ; disceptare ; disputare ; 
rem tractare, Cic. 

DISCOURTEOUS, a. Inofficiosus ; parum officiosus; 
inurbanus ; impolitus ; rusticanus ; agrestis, Cic. 

DISCOURTEOUSLY, ad. Inurbane ; rustice : impolite 

DISCOURTESY, s. Inurbanitas ; rusticitas, Cic. ; illi- 
beralitas, Liv. 

DISCREDIT, s. Dedecus ; infamia ; turpitudo ; ma- 
cula ; ignominia ; Cic. ; fidei lapsus, tis, Plin. 

To DISCREDIT, v. a. I. To deprive of credibility ; 

alicui fidem minuere, infirmare, derogare, abrogare, Cic., 

adimere, Ov. ; parum credere ; fidem non habere, Cic. 

II. To disgrace ; dedecorare ; ignominia afficere, 

Cic. ; alicui pudorem incutere, Hor. 

DISCREET, a. Consideratus ; cautus ; prudens, Cic. ; 
circumspectus, Cels. ; providus, Cic. 

DISCREETLY, ad. Caute ; considerate ; prudenter, 
Cic. ; circumspecte, Quint. 

DISCREPANCE, s. Discrepantia ; repugnantia, Cic. ; 
dissidentia, Plin. 

DISCREPANT, a. Discrepans ; dissonus; differens ; 
diversus, Cic. 

prudentia ; circumspectip ; consideratio ; judicium, 
Cic. II. Liberty of acting at pleasure ; arbitrium 
/ leave it to your discretion ; totum tibi negotium per- 

mittitur ; totum tuum negotii arbitrium sit, Cic 

Years of discretion ; aetas rationis et consilii capax 
To surrender at discretion ; in ditionem et arbitratum 
victori se dedere, Plaut. ; se suaque omnia in fidem ac po- 
testatem victoris permittere, Caas. 

DISCRETIONARY, a. Nullisterminiscircumscriptus,Cic. 

To DISCRIMINATE, v. a. I. To distinguish by out- 
ward tokens; internoscere. II. To select ; rem a re 
discernere, distinguere, secernere ; numero eximere, 
Cic. ; excerpere, Quint. ; discrimen facere, Cic. 

DISCRIMINATION, s. Discrimen ; distinctio ; delectus ; 
discrepantia, Cic. 

DISCURSIVE, a. I. Moving here and there ; errati- 
cus, Cic. ; errabundus, Liv. ; vagus, Sen. ; errans, Virg. ; 
vagabundus, Sen. ; multivagus, Plin. II. Discursory, 
argumentative ; argumentosus, Quint. ; ratiocinativus, 

To Discuss, v. a. I. To examine ; accurate consi- 
derare ; diligenter perpendere ; in disceptationem vo- 
care ; examinare ; agitare ; disceptare ; disserere ; rem 
lusius tractare, Cic. II. (With surgeons) ; dissipare ; 
discutere ; dispellere, Cic. ; dissolvere. 

DISCUSSION, s. Diligens et accurata consideratio ; in- 
vestigatio ; inquisitio ; cognitio ; disceptatio ; disputatio ; 
censura; controversia, Cic. 

DISCUSSIVE. a. (In physic) ; discussorius, Plin. 

DISDAIN, s I. Contempt ; contemptio ; contemp- 
tus, us; dedignatio ; fastiditim ; despicatio, Cic. II. 
Indignation; indignatio, Liv. 

To DISDAIN, v . a. Dedignari ; repudiare ; fastidire ; 
aversari ; aspernari ; respuere ; contemnere, Cic. 

DISDAINFUL, a. Fastidiosus ; superbus, Cic. ; contem- 
ptor, Sail. 

DISDAINFULLY, ad. Fastidiose; superbe ; Cic.; con- 
temptim, Liv. 

DISEASE or DISEASEDNESS. s. Morbus, Cic. ; malum, 
Cels. ; aegrotatio ; adversa valetudo, Cic. ; invaletudo, 

To DISEASE, v. a. Morbum alicui afferre, Plaut. ; 
morbo afficere. 

To DISEMBARK, v. a. Exsccnsionem facere, Liv. ; in 
terram evadere. 

To DISEMBITTER. v. a. Amaritudincm temperare, 
Plin. ; amara eluere, Hor. ; mitigare ; placare ; lenire ; 
amara levare. 

To DISEMBOGUE, v. a. and n. In mare influere, Cic. ; 
effundere ; effundi, Plin. 

To DISEMBROIL, v. a. Expedire ; extricare ; expli- 
care; evolvere, Cic. 

To DISENCHANT, v. a. Incantamenta solvere ; illece- 
bris animum exsolvere. 

To DISENCUMBER or DISCUMBER. v. a. Impedimen- 
tum amoliri, amovere ; expedire ; extricare ; liberare,Cic. 

To DISENGAGE, v. a. I. To separate from ; avel- 
lere ; divellere ; solvere ; exsolvere ; subducere, Cic. 
II. To disentangle ; extricare; expedire; exsol- 
vere ; liberare, Cic. III. To wean from ; avocare ; 
avellere ; abstrahere ; sejungere ; abalienare, Cic. IV. 
If you are disengaged ; si vacas, or otiosus es, Cic. 

To DISENGAGE, v. n. Se expedire, or exuere ; se ex- 
plicare, solvere, or extricare, Cic. 

To DISENTANGLE, v. a. Impedita expedire, extricare, 
explicare, Cic. 

To DISENTHRAL, v. a. Servitio eximere liberare ; 

DISESTEEM. s. Contemptio; despectus, us, Quint, j 
despicientia, Cic 1 . 

To DISESTEEM. v. a. Parvi facere ; perperam aesti- 
mare ; nihili ducere ; despicere ; vile habere, Cic. 


DISFAVOUR, s. I. Unfavourable circumstance ; of- 
fensio ; molestia ; offensa ; gratiae imminutio, Cic. 
II. Ungraciousness; insulsitas, Cic. III. Want oj 
beauty; deformitas ; turpitude; oris depravatio, Cic 
IV. To be in disfavour at court; principis gratia ex- 
cidere ; esse in offensa apud principem ; ab aula remotum 
esse; nulla gratia valere i aula excludi, Cic. 

To DISFAVOUR, v. a. Ab amicitia removere, Cic. 

DISFIGURATION, s. Deformitas ; turpitudo ; oris de 
pravatio, Cic. 

To DISFIGURE, v. a. Deformare ; deturpare, Cic. 
fcedare, Virg. ; deformitatem afferre, Nep. 

DISFIGUREMENT, s. Vultus foeditas. 

To DISFRANCHISE, v. a. Privilegio, or immunitate 

To DISGORGE, v. a. Vomere ; evomere ; voniitu red 
dere ; se effundere : in mare influere, Cic. ; effundi 

dedecus ; infamia ; turpitudo ; macula ; ignominia ; pro- 
brum, Cic. II. Disfavours offensa; offensio ; gratis 
imminutio, Cic. 

To DISGRACE, v. a. I. To dishonour ; deaecorare 
ignominia afficere ; dedecori, or probro, esse, Cic. II 
To put out of favour ; ab aula removere ; aula exclu- 

DISGRACEFUL, a. Turpis ; fcedus; pudendus ; eru- 
bescendus ; infamis ; ignominiosus ; probrosus ; flagi- 
tiosus, Cic. 

DISGRACEFUXLY. ad. Turpiter ; ignominiose j flagi- 
tiose ; cum ignominia et dedecore, Cic. 

DISGRACIOUS. a. Inofficiosus j parum officiosus j in- 
urbanus, Cic. 

To DISGUISE, v. a. I. To conceal by an unusual 
dress; vestem alienam inducere; veste ementita indu- 
ere. II. To cloke by a false show ; fingere ; occultare 
simulare ; ementiri ; tegere ; abdere ; celare, Cic. 
III. To disfigure ; deformare, Cic. ; immutare ; trans- 
formare, Virg,. IV. (By liquor) ; inebriare, Plin. V 

To disguise one's self; alium sibi habitum, or vultum. 

induere, or fingere, Cic To disguise one's intentions ; 

consilia tegere, occultare, or dissimulare, Cic. 

DISGUISE, s. Habitus mutatio ; simulatio ; persona 

DISGUST, s. Fastidium ; tedium ; satietas ; alienatio ; 

animus adversus ; repugnantia ; offensio ; nausea, Cic 

To feel or conceive disgust ; fastidire; abhorrere; alienari, 

To DISGUST, v. a. Fastidium afferre ; satietatem iu- 
ducere ; fastidium movere, or creare ; odium facere, Cic. 

To be disgusted; fastidire rem ; abhorrere a re. 
DISGUSTFUL, a. Fastidiosus ; quod movet fastidium, 

DISH. s. Lanx, Cic. ; catinus, Hor. ; paropsis, Juv. 

A small dish; catillus, Plin.; catinulus, Varr. A 

large dish ; mazonomum, Hor A deep dish ; patera, 

Plaut. ; crater, Cic. A chaffing-dish ; foculus, Plaut. 

To DISH UP. v. a. Ferculum afferre ; mensam in- 
ferre, Plin. 

DISHCLOUT. s. Peniculus, or peniculum, Col. : pem- 
cillum, Plin. 

DISH-WATER, s. Colluvies. 

DISHABILLE, a. Inornatus ; incultus. 

DISHABILLE, s. Cubicularis vestis. 

To DISHABIT. v. a. Domo, or sedibus, expellere, eji- 
cere, detrudere, Cic. 

To DISHEARTEN, v. a. Animum frangere, Cic., in- 
fringere, Liv. ; terrorem alicui injicere ; timore afficere, 

DISHEVELLED, a. With dishevelled hair ; passis capil- 
lis ; crinem solutus, Virg. 

DISHONEST, a. 1. Foid of probity ; inhonestus; pa- 
rum honestus ; turpis ; pravus ; improbus ; nequam ; 
fraudulentus, Cic. II. Dishonoured; infamia notatus. 

III. Ignominious ; infamis, Cic.; ignominiosus, Plin. ; 
fcedus ; pudendus ; turpis ; flagitiosus ; probrosus, Cic. 

IV. Obscene; obscenus ; impurus ; impudicus, Cic. 
DISHONESTLY, ad. Inhoneste; fcede; turpiter ; tur- 

pius ; indecenter ; obscene ; impure, Cic. 

DISHONESTY.,*. Improbitas; nequitia ; foeditas; tur- 
pitudo ; fraus ; impudicitia ; obscenitas, Cic. 

DISHONOUR, s. Dedecus ; infamia; macula; turpi- 
tudo ; ignominia ; Cic. 

To DISHONOUR, v. a. Dedecorare; ignominia affi- 
cere ; infamia; notam inurere ; deformare, Cic. ; foe- 
dare, Virg To dishonour a maiden ; pudicitiam vir- 
gini eripere. 

DISHONOURABLE, a. Inhonestus ; parum honestus ; 
nequam ; improbus ; flagitiosus ; fraudulentus ; fcedus ; 
turpis ; ignominiosus ; pudendus, Cic. 

DISHONOURABLY, ad. Inhoneste, Ter. ; fcede ; turpi- 
ter ; improbe ; flagitiose, Cic. ; fraudulenter, Plin. 

DISHONOURER, s. Qui dedecorat ; violator, Liv. 

DISHUMOUR. s. Morositas ; intemperies, Cic. 

DISINCLINATION, s. Alienatio; abalienatio ; fastidium. 
tedium, Cic. 

To DISINCLINE v. a. Alienare. 


DlSlNGENUOUSNESS. s. Fraus ; artifirium. 

DISINGENUOUS, a. Dolosus; astutus; parum aper- 
tus, or candidus, Cic. 

DISINGENUOUSLY, ad. Parum candide. 

To DISINHERIT or DISHERIT. v. a. Exheredare; ex- 
heredem scribere ; hereditate excludere, Cic. 

To DISINTER, v. a. Mortuum e terra eruere ; cadaver 

DISINTERESTED, a. Commodum suorum immemor. 
To be disinterested ; suis commodis nihil inservire, Ter. ; 
commodi sui rationem non habere. 

DISINTERESTEDLY, ad. Nulla commodi sui ratione 
habita. To act disinterestedly ; nihil utilitate sua me- 
tiri ; suam rem omittere. 

DISINTERESTEDNESS, s. Propriorum commodorurn 
neglectus, us ; privatae utilitatis oblivio. 

To DISJOIN, v. a. Disjuugere ; sejungere; separare; 
juncta dissolvere, Cic. ; dissociare ; diducere, Cic. 

To DISJOINT, v. a. I. To put out of joint ; os sua 
sede movere, Cels. ; membrum luxare, Plin. II. To 
separate ; membratim discerpere, dividere ; in particu- 
las dividere. III. To carve; minute concidere, Cic. j 
in frusta secare, Varr. 

To DISJOINT, v. . E sede moyeri ; luxari, Plin. 

DISJOINTING. *. Ossis luxatio, Plin. ; de sede, 
acetabulo, depulsio. 

DISJUNCT, a. Disjunctus ; sejunctus, Lucr. 

DISJUNCTION, s. Sejunctio; diremptus, us; discre- 
tio ; secretio, Cic. 

DISJUNCTIVE, a. :(In logic and grammar) ; disjuncti- 
vus, Asc. Ped. 

DISJUNCTIVELY, ad. Separating Cses. ; seorsum, Cic. 

DISK. s. Discus, Cic. 

DISLIKE, s. Repugnantia, Cic. ; aversatio, Quint. ; 
fastidium ; animus aversus, Cic. ; odium. 

To DISLIKE, v. a. Improbare; aversari ; fastidire. 

To DISLIKEN. v. a. Mutare ; immutare ; commu- 
tare ; dissimilem reddere, Cic. 

DISLIKENESS. s. Discrepantia ; differentia; dissimili- 
tude, Cic. 

To DISLOCATE, v. a. I. To put out of joint ; os sede 
sua movere ; luxare, Plin. II. To put out of the proper 
place ; rem loco movere, or dejicere, Cic. 

DISLOCATION, *. E loco expulsio; ossis e loco motio; 
luxatio, Plin. 

To DISLODGE, v. a. I. To remove from a habita- 
tion ; domo ejicere; aedibus detrudere, Cic. II. To 
drive an enemy from a station ; hostem loco movere, or 
de loco deturbare, Caes. III. To remove from a place ; 
rem loco dimovere. 

To DISLODGE, v. n. Migrare ; demigrare ; domo mi- 
grare, Cic. 

DISLOYAL, a. Perfidus ; infidus ; perfidiosus, Cic. 

DISLOYALLY, ad. Per summam perfidiam. 

DISLOYALTY. *. Infidelitas, Cic. ; perfidia, Liv. 

DISMAL, a. Tristis ; miser ; maestus ; flebilis ; luo 
tuosus ; horribilis, Cic. 

DISMALLY, ad. Maeste ; dolenter ; misere ; infelic;- 
ter, Cic. 

DISMALNESS. s. Tristitia ; maestitia ; maeror ; horror, 

To DISMANTLE, v, a. I. To strip ; nudare ; denu- 
dare; spoliare ; orbare; exuere, Cic. II. To strip a 
town of its outworks ; oppidi propugnacula diruere, or 
disjicere ; urbem mcenibus exuere ; oppidi mcenia demo- 

To DISMASK. v. a. Alicui personam detrahere, Mart. ; 
larvam demere ; pellem alicui detrahere, Hor. 

DISMASTED, a A dismasted ship ; navis malo exar- 

To DISMAY, v. a. Territare ; terrere ; conterrere ; 
perterrere, Cic. ; terrorem injicere, or incutere ; timore 
percellere, Cic. 

DISMAY. *. Terror ; formido ; timor ; metus 

Seized with dismay ; trepidus, Liv. ; exsternatus, Ov. j 
timore concussus, Caes. 

To DISMEMBER, v. a. Membratim discerpere ; dila- 
niare, Cic. 

To DISMISS, v. a. I. To send away j dimissum fa- 
cere ; dimittere. II. To give leave of departure ; 
missam facere. III. To discard ; aliquem gradu de- 
icere ; demovere ; munus abrogare ; depellere ; dejicere, 

DISMISSION, s. Missio; dimissio ; rejectio, Cic. 

To DISMOUNT, v. a. I. To throw from a horse; 
equitem ex equo dejicere, or deturbare, Cic. II. To 
'hrou> a cannon from its carriage ; hostium tormenta 
udificari, Liv. 

To DISMOUNT, v. n. I. To alight from a horse; 
ex equo descendere, desilire, Liv. ; ad pedes desilire, 
Caes. II. To descend; descendere; delabi. 

DISNATURED. . Inhumanus ; humanitatis expers; 
ab omni naturaa sensu alienus, Cic. 

DISOBEDIENCE, s. Imperii detrectatio, recusatio, ne~ 
;lectus, us ; contumacia, Cic. 

DISOBEDIENT, a. Dicto non audiens, Cic.; in supe- 
riorem contumax, Auct. ad Her.; inobsequens, Sen. 



To DISOBEY, v. n. Praecipienti non parere ; ad ran 
non obtemperare ; non morem gerere ; justum imperium 
recusare, Cic., detrectare, Liv. ; non esse dicto audien- 
tem, Liv. 

DISOBLIGATION. s. Offensio ; offensa; injuria, Cic. 

To DISOBLIGE, v. a. De aliquo male inereri j offen- 
sioni esse, Cic. 

DISOBLIGING, a. Inofficiosus, Cic. ; parum officiosus. 

DISOBLIGINGLY, ad. Parum officiose ; non sine of- 

DISOBLIGINGNESS, s. Parum officiosa indoles. 

DISORDER, s. I. Immethodical distribution; ordi- 
nis inversio, or perturbatio; confusio, Cic. l\. Dis- 
turbance ; turba; tumultus, us; Cic. III. Irregu- 
larity; confusio; effrenata licentia; nequitia, Ter. 
IV. Breach of laws ; adversus leges peccatum. V. 
Distemper ; incommoda valetudo ; invaletudo, Cic. ; mor- 
bus. VI. Discomposure of mind ; animi perturbatio, 
anxietas, or sollicitudo ; a3ger animus ; Cic. 

To DISORDER, v. a. I. To confuse; perturbare; 
conturbare; miscere; confundere; permiscere; ordinem 
invertere, or pervertere, Cic. II. To make sick; 

morbum, or aegrotationem, afferre. III. To disturb the 
mind; animum perturbare; animo perturbation em af- 
ferre; sollicitare: angere ; vexare; mentem exturbare, 

DISORDERED, a. Incompositus ; immoderatus ; disso- 
lutus ; inordinatus ; effrenatus ; Cic. 

DISORDERLY, a. I. Confused; confusus ; permistus, 
Cic. II. Irregular ; inconditus ; tumultuosus ; in- 
compositus. III. Lawless ; effrenatus j dissolutus ; 
intemperans ; solutior, Cic. 

DISORDERLY, ad. I. Without rule ; inordinate; 
incomposite ; perturbate ; incondite, Cic. ; confuse. 
II. Without law ; effrenate ; intemperanter ; inconti- 
nenter : immoderate ; immodice ; flagitiose ; impure, 

To DISOWN, v. a. I. To deny ; negare ; denegare ; 
inficiari, Cic. II. To renounce; renuntiare: abjicere, 

To DISPARAGE, v. a. I. To injure by a union with 
something inferior ; diluere. II. To injure by a com- 
parison with something of less value ; rem cum re inique 
comparare. III. To treat with contempt; spernere; 
despicere ; parvi ducere; aspernari. IV. To bring 
reproach upon; rem in contemptionem adducere; rei 
contemptum afferre, Plin. ; existimationem violare ; de 
fama detrahere ; laudes obtrectare ; dedecorare ; famam 
laadere, Cic. V. To] marry to one of inferior con- 
dition ; impari connubio sociare. 

DISPARAGEMENT. *. I. Indignity ; abjectio; de- 
missio; contemptio; despicientia ; dedecus, Cic. II. 
Ecproach ; laudis, or fama?, violatio, or detractio ; ob- 
trectatio, Cic. III. Unequal marriage; connubium 

DISPARITY, s. huequalitas, Col. ; discrepantia ; diffe- 
rentia, Cic. 

To DISPARK. v. a. Claustra revellere, Cic. ; sep- 
tum dejicere. 

To DISPART, v. a. Dividere; discindere, Liv.; se- 

DISPASSION. s. Animus tranquillus. 

DISPASSIONATE, a. Cupiditatum expers ; sui impe- 
riosus; animi compos; temperatus; moderatus. 

DISPASSIONATELY, ad. Animo sedatiore ; sedate 
placideque, Cic. ; placido pector.e, Virg To look at a 
thing dispassionately ; rem mente liquida videre, Catull. 

To DISPEL, v. a. Dispellere; discutere; dissipare; 
dimovere ; fugare, Cic. 

To DISPEND. v. a. Pecuniam erogare ; sumptum fa- 
cere ; insumere ; irnpendere ; Cic. 

DISPENSARY, s. Locus, or aedes, medicamentis confi- 
ciendis idoneus, a, ae ; or, aedes in qua medicamenta 

DISPENSATION, s. I. Distribution; distributio ; dis- 
pensatio ; partitio ; divisio, Cic. (Of water) ; aqua; ad- 
ministratio, Vitr. II. A permission to do something 
forbidden ; immunitas (Of a law) ; legis laxamentum, 
Cic. (Of military service) ; militioe vacatio, Cic. 

DISPENSATOR or DISPENSER, s. Distributor, Cic. ; 
dispensator, Mart. 

DISPENSATORY, s. Pharmacopoeia commentatio. 

To DISPENSE, v. a. Dispensare; distribuere, Sen. j 
dispcrtiri ; dilargiri ; dividere, Cic. 

To DISPENSE WITH. v. a. Immunitatem dare; rei 
immunem facere ; Cic. ; remittere. To dispense with a 
prowise ; fidem promissi remittere, Ov. j alicui gratiam 

DISPENSE. . Immunitas, Cic. 

To DISPEOPLE, v. a. Urbem civibus exhaurire, or vi- 
dunre ; <lepopulari ; vastitatem inferre, Virg. 

DISPEOPLER. s. Devastator ; vastator ; dcpopulator, 

To DISPERSE, v. a. I. To scatter ; dispergere ; in 
diversa loca mittere ; sparjjere ; diffundere, Cic. II. 
To dissipate; discutere ; dissipare j dispellere ; fugare, 

DISPERSEDLY. ad. Separatim ; diffuse, Cic. spar . 
sim, Plin. ; passim ; hue et illuc, Cic. 

DISPEKSER. s. Qui spargit, or dissipat. 

DISPERSION, s. Dispersus, us, Cic. 

To DISPIRIT, v . a. Animum frangere ; debilitare, 
Cic. ; infringere ; consternari, Liv. 

To DISPLACE, v. a. I. To put out of place; rem 
loco movere, or dejicere. II. To remove from office ; 
honore spoliare ; magistratu movere. III. To dis- 
order; ordinem invertere, or pervertere; perturbare, 

DISPLACING, s. E loco expulsio. 

To DISPLANT. v. a. Deplantare, Varr. ; explantare, 

To DISPLAY, v. a. I. To spread wide ; extendere ; 
expandere ; pandere ; explicare, Cic. II. To exhibit ; 
aperire ; detegere ; retegere ; patefacere ; monstrare ; de- 
monstrare ; ostendere ; enarrare; exponere, Cic. II. 
To set ostentatiously to view ; ostentare ; jactare ; osten- 
dere ; explicare, Cic. ; Phaedr. 

DISPLAY, s. Expositio ; patefactio ; demonstratio ; os- 
tentatio, Cic. ; ostentus, us, Sail. ; pompa, Cic. 

To DISPLEASE, v.a. Displicere; offendere; offen- 
sioni, or molestiae, esse ; molestiam exhibere ; stomachum 
facere, or movere, Cic. ; iram concitare, Ov To be 
displeased; moleste, or aegre, ferre ; iratum, or offensum, 
esse, Cic. ; stomachari, Cic. ; in molestiis esse. Dis- 
pleased; aegre ferens ; dolens; animo feger, Cic To be 
displeased with one ; alieno animo esse ab aliquo, Cic. 

DISPLEASURE.*. I. Pain; dolor; molestia ; animi 
aegritudo ; maaror. II. Anger ; ira ; iracundia ; indig- 
natio ; offensio j offensa, Cic. 

To DISPLODE. v. a. Fistulam ferream explodere. 

DISPLOSION. s. Eruptio. 

DISPORT, s. Delectatio; oblectatio ; oblectamentum , 
Cic. ; ludus ; animi remissio, or relaxatio, Cic. 

To DISPORT, v. a. Delectare, Ter. ; oblectarc, Hor. ; 
recreare ; oblectationem afferre, Cic. To disport one's 
self; animum relaxare, or remittere, Ck. ; se oblectare, 
Ter. ; jucunditati se dare, Cic. 

DISPOSAL or DISPOSE, s. I. The act of disposing; 
ordo et dispositio ; in ordinem distributio. II. Power 
of bestowing; arbitrium ; potestas. III. The divine 
disposal ; divina providentia ; divinum numen To have 
at one's disposal; in potentate habere To be at the dis- 
posal of; ex alterius arbitrio pendere It is at your dis- 
posal ; te penes arbitrium est. / place at your disposal ; 
tuae voluntati permitto. 

To DISPOSE, v.a. I, To employ; uti. II. To 
turn to any particular end ; vertere ; convertere ; in- 
tendere ; applicare ; versare ; fingere ; regere ; diri- 
gere. III. To form for any purpose ; parare ; appa- 
rare ; comparare. IV. To incline ; ad rem impellere ; 
incitare; inducere. V. To regulate; componere ; 
disponere ; ordinare ; ordine collocare ; instruere, Cic. 

To DISPOSE OF. v. a. Dare ; donare ; largiri ; uti ; 
concedere ; vendere ; ad alium transferre ; testamento 
statuere ; locare ; consumere ; insumere, Cic. To 
dispose of one's daughter in marriage; filiam alicui 
nuptam dare, Plaut. 

DISPOSER, s. Distributor, Cic. ; dispensator, Mart. ; 
arbiter ; magister, Cic. 

DISPOSITION, s. I. Order, distribution ; dispositio ; 
ordo ; in ordinem distributio, Cic. II. Natural fitness ; 
habilitas, Cic. III. Temper of mind; animi status, 
us; habitus, us, Cic. IV. Affection; propensio ; in- 
doles ; affectio, Cic. V. Disposition of body ; corporis 
habitus; valetudo. 

To DISPOSSESS, v. a. Rei ppssessione depellere ; de 
possessione dimovere ; e possessione exturbare ; nudare ; 
denudare; spoliare, Cic To dispossess of lands ; fundis 
evertere, Plaut. : (of honours) ; honore exigere, Plin. 

DISPOSURE. s. I. Power; arbitrium ; potestas. 
II. Posture; corporis habitus, or status, As, Cic., locus, 
ratio, Cic. 

DISPRAISE, s. Improbatio, Auct. ad Her. ; vituperatio, 
reprehensio ; censura, Cic. 

To DISPRAISE, v. a. Improbare ; minus probare ; 
vituperare ; reprehendere ; condemnare ; culpare, Cic. ; 
carpere, Ov. ; censura notare. 

To DISPREAD. v. a. Spargere ; dispergere ; dissi- 
pare, Cic. 

DISPROOF, s. Confutatio ; refutatio, Cic. 

DISPROPORTION, s. Inaequalitas, Col. ; non convem- 
ensTcommensuum responsus, us, Vitr. 

To DISPROPORTION, v. a. Inconvenientia inter se 
jungere, Sen. 


portione carens ; inaequalis ; dispar. 


Inaequalitas ; disparilitas, Varr. 


Non servata proportion^ ; ina?qualiter, Cic. ; impanter, 

To DISPROVE, v. a. Refutare ; confutare ; refellere ; 
di-luere, Cic. 

DISPROVER. s. Qui refutat. 
H 2 


DISPUTABLE, a. i. e. That may be disputed ; de quo 
disputari potest ; quod in controversiam vocari potest ; 
litigiosus ; anceps, Cic. 

DISPUTANT, s. Disputator, Cic. 

DISPUTATION, s. Controversia ; disceptatio ; dispu- 
tatio, Cic. 

DISPUTATIOUS, a. Rixosus, Col. ; jurgiosus, Cell. ; 
litigator ; litigiosus ; litium amans, Cic. 

To DISPUTE, v. n, Rixari ; controversiam habere ; 
de re contendere ; concertare ; decertare ; semulari, Cic. 

To DISPUTE, v. a. Rem disputare ; disserere ; dis- 

ceptare ; concertare ; litigare To dispute a passage ; 

transitum prohibere, Liv. To dispute about trifles ; 
pugnare pro nugis, Hor. 

DISPUTE, s. Contentio ; jurgium ; rixa ; altercatio ; 
disputatio ; disceptatio ; concertatio ; dissertatio ; con- 
troversia ; lis ; certamen, Cic. ; dissidium ; dissidentia, 
Plin Beyond all dispute ; sine controversia, Cic. 

DISPUTER. s. Disputator, Cic. 

DISQUALIFICATION, s. Natura inepta et inhabilis ; im- 
peritia ; inscitia, Cic. 

To DISQUALIFY, v. a. Rei inhabilem facere, Col. 

sestuatio ; sollicitudo ; cura ; anxietas ; angor ; animi 
segritudo, Cic. 

To DISQUIET, v. a. Sollicitare ; in sollicitudinem in- 
ducere ; vexare ; angere ; mplestia afficere, Cic. \ 

DISQUISITION, s. Disquisitio, Cic. 

To DISRANK. v. a. De gradu dejicere, or depellere ; 
honore spoliare, Cic. 

DISREGARD, s. Contemptio ; contemptus, us ; despi- 
cientia ; despectus, us, Cic. 

To DISREGARD, v. a. Contemnere ; aspernari ; ne- 
gligere ; parvi ducere ; pro nihilo putare, Cic. 

DISREGARDFUL. a. Contemptor ; fastidiosus, Cic. 

DISRELISH. *. Fastidium ; satietas ; taedium, Cic. 

To DISRELISH, v. a. Fastidire ; aversari ; improbare, 

DISREPUTABLE, a. Ignominiosus ; inhonestus; pa- 
rum decorus, Cic. 

DISREPUTATION or DISREPUTE, s. Mala fama, or exis- 
timatio ; infamia ; turpitudo, Cic. 

DISRESPECT, s. Neglectus, us, Cic. ; irreverentia, 
Plin. ; inurbanitas, Cic. 

DISRESPECTFUL, a. Irreverens, Plin. ; inurbanus, Cic. 

DISRESPECTFULLY, ad. Irreverenter, Plin. ; parum 

To DISROBE, v. a. and n. Vestes exuere ; vestem ali- 
cui detraherej vestes ponere, deponere, Ov. ; corpus 

DISRUPTION, s. Divulsio, Petr. ; disjunctio j dissocia- 
tio ; distractio, Cic. ; dissolutio. 

DISSATISFACTION, s. Offensio ; offensa ; molestia, 

To DISSATISFY, v. a. Alicui non satisfacere ; alicu- 
jus animum offendere ; molestia afficere j displicere, Cic. 
To be dissatisfied ; rem zegre ferre ; rem minus pro- 
bare, Cic. 

To DISSECT, v. a. Dissecare ; membratim discer- 
pere, Plin. ; corpora mprtuorum incidere ; Cels. 

DISSECTION, s. Sectio, Plin. ; incisio. 

DISSECTOR, s. Qui mortuorum corpora incidit. 

To DISSEIZE, v. a. (A law term.) E possessione ex- 
turbare, Cic. 

DISSEIZE, s. Possessione deturbatus, Tac. 

To DISSEMBLE, v. a. and n. Dissimulare ; velare ; 
tegere ; occultare, Cic. ; obvolvere, Hor. j fingere; emen- 
tiri, Cic. 

DISSEMBLER, s. Dissimulator, Cic. ; ostentator; sub- 
dolus, Tac. 

DISSEMBLINGLY . ad. Dissimulanter ; ficte et fallaciter, 

To DISSEMINATE, v. a. Disseminare, Cic. ; disserere, 
Col. ; diifundere ; spargere ; dispergere, Cic. 

DISSEMINATION, s. Disseminatio, Col. ; dispersus, 
fts, Cic. 

DISSENSION, s. Dissensio ; dissidium, Cic. ; dissi- 
dentia, Plin. ; discordia To sow dissension ; discordias 

serere, Liv. ; dissensionem commovere, Cic. 

To DISSENT, v. n. I. To disagree in opinion; dis- 
sentire ; discordare ; dissidere. II. To differ ; discre- 
pare; differre. 

DISSENTANEOUS, a. Dissentiens ; dispar ; discrepans ; 
dissimilis, Cic. 

DISSENTER, s. Qui dissentit. (From a church) ; dis- 

To DISSERT, v. n. De re disserere ; disceptare; dis- 
putare ; rem tractare, Cic. 

DISSERTATION, s. Dissertatio; disceptatio ; disputatio; 
sermo, Cic. 

To DISSERVE, v. a. Mensas auferre, Plaut.; removere, 
Virg. ; damnum, or detrimentum, afferre ; alicui nocere, 

DISSERVICE, s. Damnum ; detrimentum. To do a 
disservice ; male mereri, Cic. 

To DISSEVER, v. a. Discindere ; disjungere ; sejun- 
gere ; dividere ; separare, Cic. 


DISSIMILAR, a. Dissimilis ; dispar ; dissonus ; dts- 
crepans ; diversus, Cic. 

differentia ; diVersitas ; dissimilitude, Cic. 

DISSIMULATION, s. Dissimulatio ; dissimulantia, Cic. 

To DISSIPATE, v. a. I. To scatter ; spargere; dis- 
pergere ; dissipare ; discutere ; diffundere ; fugare, Cic. 
II. To spend ; bona dissipare, exhaurire ; patrimo- 
nium effundere, or consumere ; Cic. 

DISSIPATION, s. I. Dispersion ; dissipatio ; pecu- 
niarum effusio, Cic. II. Scattered attention i mentis 
aber ratio; animus distractus, Cic. 

To DISSOCIATE, v. a. Disspciare; disjungere; dis- 
solvere ; societatem dirimere, Cic. 

DISSOLVABLE or DISSOLUBLE, a. Quod dissolvi po- 
test ; dissolubilis, Cic. 

To DISSOLVE. v. a. I. To melt ; dissolvere ; lique- 
facere, Cic. ; liquare, Plin. II. To break ; rumpere ; 
jnterrumpere. III. To break the ties of any thing; 
dirimere ; interrumpere ; discindere ; dissociare ; dis- 
jungere. IV. To separate persons united i matrimo- 
nium rescindere, Ulp. ; dirimere, Paul. Jet. ; irritum 
facere, Cic. V. To solve, to clear i resolvere ; dissol- 
vere ; discutere, Cic. VI. To relax by pleasures f 
emollire, Cic. ; enervare, Liv. 

DISSOLVENT, a. Discussoriam vim habens, Plin. 

To DISSOLVE, v. n. I. To be melted i dissolvi; 
liquefieri ; Cic. ; liquari ; resolvi ; Plin. ; liquescere, 
Virg.; remollescere, Ov. II. To fall to nothing; 
dilabi ; in nihilum redder e ; tabescere. III. To 
give way to pleasure ; molliri ; emolliri ; languescere ; 
voluptate liquescere ; mollitia fluere, Cic. 

DISSOLUTE, a. Dissolutus ; perditus ; intemperans ; 
licentior ; immoderatus ; impurus ; libidinosus, Cic. 

DISSOLUTELY, ad. Intemperanter ; impure ; flagitiose, 
Cic. ; licenter, Liv. ; licentius, Ov. 

DISSOLUTENESS, s. Intemperantia ; liberior vivendl 
licentia ; Cic. ; nepotatus, us, Suet. ; vita licentior, Val. 

DISSOLUTION. *. I. Destruction by separation of 
parts; dissolutio; solutio. II. A liquefying; li- 
quatio, Cels.; fusura, Plin.; solutio, Cic. III. 

Looseness of manners ; immoderatio , effrenatio ; li- 
berior licentia, Cic. IV. Destruction, death ; cor- 
poris dissolutio ; excidium ; eversio ; mors ; obitus ; 
mteritus. V Dissolution of a marriage ; matrimonii 
rescissio, Ulp. 

DISSONANCE, s. I. A mixture of unharmonious 
sounds ; sonus dissonus, Vitr. ; discordes modi, Stat. 
II. A difference of opinion ; dissensio ; discrepantia ; 
dissidium, Cic. 

DISSONANT, a. I. Unharmonious ;; dissonus, Liv. ; 
dissonans, Vitr. II. Disagreeing; dissonus ; absonus ; 
discors ; discrepans ; contrarius, Cic. 

To DISSUADE, v. a. Dehortari, Ter. ; a re dissuadere, 
Cic ; deterrere ; alicui auctorem esse ne quid faciat, Cic. 

DISSUADER. s. Rei dissuasor, Cic. 

DISSUASION, s. Dissuasio, Cic. 

DISSUASIVE, a. Qui dissuadet, &c. 

DISSYLLABLE, s. (In grammar) ; disyllabus, Quint. 

DISTAFF, s. Colus, us, Ov. ; colus, i, Catull. 

To DISTAIN. v. a. Inquinare ; fcedare ; macula am- 
cere, Cic. 

DISTANCE, s. I. Prop. Distantia ; intervallum ; spa- 
tium ; interjectum spatium ; intercapedo. II. rig. 
Discordia; dissidium; discrepantia, Cic. Ill At a 
distance ; longe ; procul. To treat with distance; pa- 
rum amice excipere, Cic. 

To DISTANCE, v. a. I. To keep the proper distances ; 
certis intervallis disponere. II. To throw off from the 
view ; rem amovere, segregare.; procul amandare, 
III. To leave behind in a race; procul a se relinquere, 

DISTANT, a. 1. Remote in place and time ; distans ; 
remotus ; disjunctus ; longinquus ; longo intervallo se- 

motus To be distant; distare ; abesse. II. Shy; 

parum amicus ; modestus ; consideratus, Cic. ; circum- 
spectus, Quint. 

DISTASTE, s. I. Aversion of the palate ; fastidium. 
II. Dislike, uneasiness ; fastidium ; alienatio ; ani- 
mus alienus, or aversus ; offensio ; offensa, Cic. 

To DISTASTE, v. a. and n. I. To fill the mouth with 
nauseousness ; nauseare ; nauseam, or fastidium, movere, 
or creare ; satietatem afferre ; odium facere, Cic. II. 
To dislike, to loathe ; fastidire ; aversari ; improbare ; 
satietate teneri, or affici ; abhorrere ; pertaesum esse ; 
respuere, Cic. III. To disgust, vex ; fastidium mo- 
vere ; offendere ; stomachum movere ; displicere ; ex- 
acerbare ; molestia afficere, Cic. 

DISTASTEFUL, a. I. Nauseous ; fastidiosus ; quod 
fastidium movet, Hor. II. Offensive ; ingratus; in- 
suavis ; gravis ; molestus ; injucundus ; odiosus ; inju- 
riosus, Cic. 

DISTEMPER, s. I. A disease ; morbus; agrotatio ; 
adversa, or incommoda, valetudo ; invaletudo, Cic. 
II. Predominance of any passion ; animi impotentia; 
animi effrenata et indomita cupiditas. III. Depravity 


qf inclination ; ad malum pronitas, Sen. IV. Tumult, 
disorder ; tumultus ; turba ; confusio ; perturbatio. 
V. Uneasiness ; animi anxietas ; cura ; angor ; solli- 

To DISTEMPER, v. a. I. To disease ; morbum alicui 
afferre. !! To disorder ; incommodare ; incommodo 
esse ; molestum esse ; ordinem invertere, pervertere, 
Cic. III. To disturb ; turbare ; conturbare ; permis- 
cere ; exturbare, Cic. 

DISTEMPERATURE. s. I. Intemperatcness ; intem- 
peries, Col. ; cceli gravitas, Cic. II. Violent tumultu- 
ousness ; impotentia; vis; Cic. ; violentia, Flin. III. 
Perturbation of mind ; animi perturbatio ; mentis tumul- 
tus, Cic. IV. Confusion ; confusio ; perturbatio, Cic. 

DISTEMPERED, a. Inordinatus ; incompositus ; turbi- 
dus ; commotus, Cic. 

To DISTEND, v. a. Distendere, Ov. ; dilatare ; lax- 
are, Cic. ; expandere, Plin. ; inflare, Hor. ; tumefacere. 

.DISTENSION, s. I. A stretching ; distentus, us, 
Plin. II. (In science); extensio, Vitr. ; prolatio ; 
productio; porrectio, Cic. III. (In surgery); ner- 
vorum distensio, Cels. 

DISTICH, s. Distichum. 

To DISTIL, v. a. I. (With chyniists) ; rei succum 
subjectis ignibus exprimere ; succum e re stlllare, Plin. 
II. To let fall in drops ; stillare. 

To DISTIL, v.n. I. To fall by drops ; stillare ; ex- 
stillare. II. (In chymistry) ; succum stfllare. III. 
To flow gently and silently ; fluere, Cic. ; manare, Virg. ; 
labi, Hor. " 

DISTILLATION, s. Succorum ex herbis igne subjecto 

DISTILLATORY, a. Ad distillandum idoneus. 

DISTILLER, s. QuI succos plantarum exprimit igne 

DISTINCT, a. I. Different, separate; diversus ; dis- 
par ; dissidens ; discrepans ; dissimilis ; disjunctus ; se- 
junctus. II. Clear, e indent ; clarus ; liquidus ; aper- 
tus ; perspicuus ; manifestus ; distinctus, Cic. 

DISTINCTION, s. Distinctio ; discrimen ; dissimili- 
tude ; discrepantia ; differentia ; delectus, us ; digni- 
tatis gradus, CSc. To treat with distinction ; prsecipuo 
quodam honore afficere, Cic. Without distinction; dis- 
crimine nullo. A man of distinction ; vir clarissimus. 

DISTINCTIVE, a. Proprius, Cic. ; peculiaris, Plin. 

DISTINCTIVELY, ad. Ordinatim ; ordinate ; disposite ; 
recte atque ordine, Cic. 

DISTINCTLY, ad. Distincte ; liquido ; clare ; aperte ; 
separatim ; expresse ; nominaflm ; Cic. 

DISTINCTNESS, s. Claritas ; perspicuitas ; nitor. (Of 
voice); vocis splendor, or claritas. (Of sight) ; visus 

To DISTINGUISH, v. a. and n. Discernere ; secernere ; 
distinguere ; internoscere ; dignoscere ; discrimen fa- 
cere ; separare ; dijudicare, Cic. To distinguish one's 
self; se vulgo, or numero, excerpere, Cic. ; Hor. ; cae- 
teros antecellere, Cic. ; eminere ; inclarescere ; florere, 
Cic. ; Suet. 

DISTINGUISHABLE, a. Cujus facilis et expedita est 
dfstinctio ; Cic. 

DISTINGUISHED, a. Egregius ; eximius ; singularis ; 
sejunctus ; distinctus. A very distinguished young 
man ; adolescens lectlssimus, Cic. 

DISTINGUISHINGLY. ad. Honorate, Tac. ; honorifice ; 
splendide ; insigniter, Cic. 

To DISTORT, v. a. I. To twist ; torquere ; intor- 
quere, Cic. ; contorquere, Cels. ; convolvere, Plin. ; dis- 
torquere, Ter. II. To make deformed; deformare ; 
deturpare, Cic.; fcedare, Virg. III. To wrest from 
the true meaning ; locum in sensum detorquere. 

DISTORTION, s. Distortio ; oris contorsio et deprava- 
tio, Cic. To make distortion of the features ; os distor- 
quere, or depravare, Cic. 

To DISTRACT, v. a. I. To pull different ways at 
once ; in diversa trahere. II. To turn from a single 
direction towards various points ; distrahere ; abstra- 
here. III. To fill the mind with contrary consider- 
ations ; mentem avocare, abstrahere, avertere, Cic., dis- 
tinere, Liv. ; cogitationem a re proposita avertere. 
IV. To divide ; dividere ; separare ; partiri ; in partes 
tribuere; diducere ; dirimere. V. To make mad ; 
ad insaniam redigere, Ter. ; insaniam gignere, or facere, 
Plin To be distracted ; insanire ; desipere, Cic. ; deli- 
rare, Hor. 

DISTRACTEDLY, ad. Insane, Plaut. 

DisTRACTEDNEss. *. Dementia ; insania ; stultitia ; 
insipientia ; mentis furor, or pravitas, Cic. 

DISTRACTION, s. I. Want of attention ; mentis 
aberratio, or avocatio ; indiligentia, Cic. II. Separa- 
tion; distractio ; divisio. III. Perturbation of mind; 
animi perturbatio ; mentis tumultus, us ; turbidus ani- 
mi motus, us, Cic. IV. Madness; amentia \ insania ; 
demei.tia ; furor, Cic. V. Disturbance; turba; tu- 
multus ; perturbatio ; trepidatio ; confusio ; motus, us ; 
res turbulentae, Cic. 

To DISTRAIN, v. a. and n. Occupare ; apprehendere ; 
corrfpere ; alicujus in bona manus injicere, Cic. 


DISTRESS, s. I. Calamity, affliction ; calamitas : in- 
fortunium ; casus adversus ; res adversae, or angustae ; 
afflictio; maeror ; animi angor; dolor; cura; tristitia ; 
maestitia, Cic. II. Attachment of goods ; in hona manus 
injectio, Quint. ; bonorum alicujus traditio sub custo- 
diam. III. (A sea term); res amictas. 

To DISTRESS, v. a. Maerore, or maestitia, afficere; 
dolorem commovere, Cic. 


To DISTRIBUTE, v. a. Partiri; dispertire; dividere; 
distribuere ; dilargiri ; res disponere, Cic 

DISTRIBUTER, s. Distributor, Cic. 

DISTRIBUTION, s. Distributio ; divisio ; partitio 

Equal distribution; aequatio. Distribution of time j 
dimensum tempus, Plin. 

DISTRIBUTIVE, a. Qui distribuit Distributive jus- 
tice ; justitia suum cuique tribuens, Cic. 

DISTRICT, s. Jurisdictionis fines ; urbis regio ; oppidi 
pars ; praefectura. 

To DISTRUST, v. a. Alicui diffidere, Cic. 

DISTRUST, s. Diffidentia; suspicio, Cic. 

DISTRUSTFUL, a. Suspiciosus, Cic. : suspicax, Tac. ; 
fidei diffisus, Cic. 

DISTRUSTFULLY, ad. Diffidenter; suspiciose, Cic. 

To DISTURB, v. a. I. To disquiet; turbare; per- 
turbare ; conturbare ; exturbare ; sollicitare ; vexare ; 
angere; molestia afficere, Cic. II. To perplex ; tur- 
bare; implicare. III. To hinder ; impedire ; obstru- 
ere ; intercludere ; impedimenta esse j interpellare, Cic. 
IV. To confound; permiscere; confundere; com- 
miscere ; perturbare ; disturbare ; exturbare, Cic. 

DISTURBANCE, s. Turba 7 tumultus, us ; perturbatio ; 
motus, us ; res turbulentae ; confusio ; ordinis inversio ; 
commotio ; conturbatio, Cic. 

DISTURBER, s. Perturbator, Cic. ; turbator, Liv. ; tur- 
bo, Cic. 

DISUNION, s. I. Separation, disjunction ? disjunc- 
tio ; sejunctio ; discretio; secretio ; diremptus, us ; Cic. 
II. Breach of concord ; dissensio ; dissidium ; dis- 
cordia, Cic. ; dissociatio, Tac. 

To DISUNITE, v. a. I. To separate ; juncta dis- 
solvere ; disjungere ; dividere; separare, Cic. II. To 
put at variance ; dissociare ; societatem dirimere, Cic. 

To DISUNITE, v. n. Disjungi; dissociari : fatiscere, 

DISUSAGE or DISUSE, s. Desuetude, Liv. 

To DISUSE, v. a. Rei faciendae consuetudine abstra- 
here, Cic. ; rei desuescere, Sil. Ital. ; a re desuefieri. 

DITCH, s. Fossa, Cic To dig ditches ; sulcare fossas, 

To DITCH, v. a. Fodere; circumfodere ; fossa cir- 
cumdare, Cic. 

DITCHER, s. Fossor ; excavator. 

DITTANY, s. (In botany) ; dictamnum, Plin. ; dicta- 
mus, Virg. , 

DITTY, s. Cantio, Plaut. ; cantilena, Cic. ; carmen, 
Virg. ; cantiuncula, Cic. 

DIVAN, s. I. Council of Oriental princes ; impera- 
toris Turcici supremum concilium. II. (Sneeringly) ; 
Any council; conciliabulum, Plaut. ; conventiculum, 

To DIVARICATE. v. a. and n. Dividere ; in ambas 
partes se findere, Virg. : in duas partes discedere, or dis- 
trahi, Cic. 

DIVARICATION, s. Partitio ; divisio, Cic. 

To DIVE. v. a. and n. In aquam mergere, demergere, 
immergere ; urinare ; inurinare, Col. ; urinari, Plin. 
To dive into a thing ; rem perscrutari, explorare, accu- 
ratius investigare, penitus introspicere. 

DIVER, s. I. One who dives ; urinator, ! Liv. ; Cic. ; 
pelagi scrutator, Plin. II. (Figuratively) ; acutumet 
acre ingenium, Cic. ; mens sagax, Plin. III. A bird ; 
mergus, Virg. 

To DIVERGE, v. n. Ab eodem centre diverse deflec- 

DIVERGENCY, s. (In optics) ; linearum ab eodsm cen- 
tro diverse abetintium discessus, us. 

DIVERGENT, a. Ab eodem centro diverse deflectens. 

DIVERSE, a. I. Several; plures ; multi; plurimi. 
II. Different from another; diversus; differens ; 
discrepans ; dissimilis ; dispar ; dissonus, Cic. III. 
Various ; diversus ; varius ; distinctus Of diverse co- 
lours ; versicolor, Cic. 

DIVERSIFICATION, s. Mutatio, Cic. ; variatio, Liv. ; 
flexio ; immutatio ; varietas ; conversio, Cic. 

To DIVERSIFY, v. a. Variare ; distinguere, Cic. ; 
flectere; immutare. 

DIVERSION, s. I. Sport; oblectatio; relaxatio; lu- 
dus; oblectamentum ; animi remissio. II. Turning 
from its course; conversio; immutatio; distractio, 
Plaut. III. (In war.) To make a diversion ; hostiles 
copias distrahere, or diducere, Caes. 

DIVERSITY, s. I. Variety ; diversitas, Plin. ; varie- 
tas, Cic.; vicissitude: differentia; dissimilitudo. II, 
Variegation ; mixtu.-a, Col. ; farrago, Juv. 

DIVKRSELY. ad. Diverse ; varie, Cic. 

To DIVERT, v. a. 1. To please; delectare s Ter. 
H 3 


oblectare, Hor. ; alicui oblectationem afferre, Cic To 

divert one's self; Animum remittere et relaxare, Cic. 

II. To turn off from any course ; avertere; a via 
deducere ; declinare ; detorquere ; in alium cursum 
contorquere; amoliri, Cic. III. To withdraw the 
mind ; retrahere ; avocare ; abducere ; abstrahere ; de- 
flectere; interpellate; obturbare; revocare, Cic.; sub- 
ducere. IV. To draw to a different part ; divertere; 
diducere ; distrahere ; convertere. V. To embezzle ; 
avertere, Cic. ; subripere. 

DIVERTING, a. Jucundus ; amcenus ; festivus ; qui 
oblectationem habet ; lepidus ; facetus, Cic. 

DIVERTISEMENT. s. Oblectatio ; oblectamentum ; re- 
laxatio ; jucunditas ; voluptas, Cic. 

To DIVEST, v. a. Vestes exuere, or detrahere ; nu- 
dare ; denudare ; spoliare -, privare ; eripere, Cic To 
divest one's self; corpus nudare, Cic. i sibi vestem exu- 
ere, or detrahere ; se exuere. To divest one's self of a 
prejudice ; opinionem menti insitam abjicere, Cic To 

divest of a kingdom ; regno mulctare ( Of property) ; 

bonis spoliare (Of rank) ; dignitate spoliare, Cic., or 

exuere, Plin. 

DIVESTUHE. s. Vestimentorum spoliatio, Cic. ; nuda- 
tio, Plin. 

To DIVIDE, v. a. I. To part into pieces ; dividere; 
partiri ; in partes tribuere ; diducere ; secare, Cic. 
II. To keep apart ; secernere; sejungere ; segregare ; 
separare ; amovere ; seorsim movere, Cic, III. To 

give in shares; partiri; dispertiri ; distribuere. IV. 
To disunite ; disjungere ; dirimere ; dissociare ; dis- 

To DIVIDE, v. n. Se findere ; or, separare ; disjungi ; 
fatiscere To divide upon a question ; in diversas partes 

DIVIDEND. *. Numerus diridendus ; summa dividen- 
da ; pars, Cic. ; portio, Plin. 

DIVIDER. *. I. That which parts any thing into 
pieces; divisor. II. One who deals out to each his 
share ; distributor, Cic. ; dispensator, Plin. ; qui sua 
cuique dividit. III. Disuniter ; qui conjunctionem 

DIVINATION, s. Divinatio, Cic. 

DIVINE, a. Divinus ; ccelestis ; praestans ; eximius. 

DIVINE. *. I. A clergyman; clericus. 11. A 
theologian ; theologus, Cic. 

To DIVINE. v. a. Vaticinari ; augurari ; divinare ; 
futura praenuntiare ; praesagire ; praesentire, Cic. ; prse- 
divinare, Plin. ; conjicere ; conjecturam ducere, Cic. 

DIVINELY, ad. Divine ; divinitus ; mirifice ; mirandum 
in modum, Cic. 

DIVINER, s. Vates ; hariolus, Cic. ; divinus, Mart. ; 
conjecta ; haruspex ; augur ; auspex A female diviner : 
hariola, Plaut. ; vates, Cic. ; mulier, or anus, fatidica. 

DIVING-BELL. s. Instrumentum urinatorium. 

DIVINITY. *. I. Deity; divinitas, Cic. II. God; 
Deus ; numen. III. A false god; deus; numen divi- 
num ; pi., dii ; vana et inania numina. IV. Theo- 
logy; theologia, Varr. 

TDivisiBiLiTY. s. Divisibilitas. 

DIVISIBLE or DIVIDABLE. a. Dividuus, Cic. 

DIVISION, s. I. A dividing ; divisio ; distributio ; 
partitio, Cic. II. Partition; partitio ; sepimentum. 

III. Part separated from the rest; partitio; pars 
sejuncta ; divisura, Plin. IV. Disunion; dissensio; 
dissidium; discordia; disjunctio ; sejunctio; distractio; 
divuisio ; dissociatio ; discessus, us ; digressio ; rixa ; 
jurgium ; lis, Cic. V. Distinction ; distinctio ; dis- 
criiiK'n ; discrepantia. VI. (In arithmetic) ; divisio. 

VII. (In music) ; modulatio, Quint.; vibrans modu- 
latus, Plin. To run division; vocem tremule modu- 
lari, Quint. VIII. (In military language); sejuncta 
ab acie manus. 

DIVISOR, s. (In arithmetic) ; divisor. 

DIVORCEMENT or DIVORCE. *. The legal separation 
of husband and wife ; divortium, Cic ( Of a husband) ; 
repudiuin (Of a wife) ; discessio, Ter. 

To DIVORCE, v. a. Divortium facere ; repudiare. 
(Said of a woman) ; a marito discedere. 

DIURETIC, a. Quod urinam ciet, Cels. 

DIURNAL, a. Diurnus, Cic. ; quotidianus. 

DIURNAL, s. A day-book ; ephemeris ; diurnum com- 
mentarium, Cic. ; diurna, Tac. ; diarium, Cell. 

DIURNALLY. ad. Quotidie ; in singulos dies ; singuhs 
diebus, Cic. ; uno quoque die, Cic. 

To DIVULGE, v. a. Rem pervulgare ; in vulgus edere, 
in lucem proferre ; divulgare ; ran palam facere ; ape- 
rire ; detegere ; rem notam facere ; patafacere, Cic. 

DIVCLGER. s. Vulgator, Ov. 

To DIZEN. v. a. Ornare ; exornare, Cic To dizen 

one's self; se comere, Tibull. ; corpus colere. Ov. 


DIZZINESS. *. Stupor, Cic. ; vertigo, Plin. 

DIZZY, a. I. Vertiginous ; vertiginibus laborans ; 
stupefactus, Cic. ; vertiginosus, Plin. II. Causing 
dizziness; qui (quae, quod) stuporem affert. 111. 

Thoughtless; inconsultus ; incousideratus ; animi prcc- 
ceps, Tac. 



To DIZZY, v. a. Stupefacere ; hebetem reddere, 
Cic. ; stuporem afferre. 

To Do. v. a. I. To act; facere ; agere. II. To 
perform ; agere ; conficere. III. To execute ; confi- 
cere ; exsequi ; agere; pra-stare. IV. To cause; ef- 
ficere ; producere. V. To transact ; conficere ; effi- 
cere; exsequi; expedire. VI. To procure any effect 
to another ; praebere ; producere ; consulere ; servire ; 
conficere. VII. To have recourse to; adhibere ; tentare. 
VIII. To perform for the benefit of another ; praa- 
stare. IX. To exert ; curare ; efficere ; operam dare ; 
eniti ; movere. X. To have business ; curare ; rem 
gerere. XI. To end; conficere; efficere; perficere ; 
finire ; rei finem facere ; concludere ; exitum expedire ; 
absolvere; Cic.; terminare. XII. To settle; statu- 
ere ; componere ; constituere ; negotium explicare ; dis- 
ponere. XIII. To put ; ponere ; disponere; collo- 
care. XIV -- To do again ; iterare ; iterum facere ; 
reficere ; instaurare ; renovare, Cic To do over with ; 
inducere, Vitr. ; linere, Col. ; illinere, Mart. : (with 
silver or gold) ; argenti, or auri, bracteas inducere, Plin. 

To do up ; in fasciculum colligare ; componere, Plin. 

To do amiss ; peccare -- To do a good turn ; bene- 
facere; de aliquo bene mereri, Cic -- To do one's duty; 
partes implere, Cic To do all one's setf; per se omnia 
obire, Caes To do nobly ; factis inclarescere I have 
done nothing to you; tibi a me nulla orta est injuria, 
Ter. What will they do with him ? Quid de illo fiet ? 

All you have to do is; unum est officium ut, Cic. To 
do nothing; nihil agere; cessare __ All is done; confecta 
res est To do away ; rem tollere, auferre, amovere __ 
Done ! esto ! non abnuo 1 To get any thing done ; ju- 
bere, cogere, curare, dare, operam ut res fiat, Cic. 

To Do. v. n. I. To act; agere. II. To make an 
end ; ad finem venire. HI. To desist from ; cessare ; 
desinere. IV. To fare as to health; se habere. 
To do well ; recte, bene, pulchre, valere __ To do ill ; 
graviter se habere, Cic. V. To fulfil a purpose ; rem 
gerere ; exitum habere ; ad exitus provehi, Cic. VI 
To do well by ; multam operam navare. To do kindly ; 
amice facere. That will do ; satis est ; abunde est, 
Ter. That suit does well ; decet me haec vestis. 

Do. s. I. Ado ; tumultus, us ; turba ; commotio ; 
motus. II. A feat ; nisus; conatus ; contentio, Cic. 

To do one's do ; nervulos adhibere ; omni spe eniti. 
DO-ALL, s. i. e. A busybody ; ardelio, Phaedr. 
DOCIBLE or DOCILE, a. Docilis, Cic. ; aptus regi, OT. 
DOCIBLENESS or DOCILITY, s. Docilitas, Cic. 
DOCK. s. I. The stump of a tail ; cauda brevior, or 

curta. II. A station for ships. A wet dock ; statio ; 
navale ; alveus. A dry dock; navale, Caes. 

To DOCK. v. a. 1. To cut off 'a tail ; caudam equo 
praecidere, Liv. II. To lay a ship in dock; navem re- 
ficere, Caas. 

DOCKET, s. I. A ticket tied on goods; inscriptio. 
II. A summary of a writing ; excerptio, Cell 
(In law); litis summa, Cic. III. (In bankruptcy); 
argentaria dissolutio. 

DOCTOR, s. J. One who has taken the highest de- 
ree in a University; Doctor A Doctor of Divinity ; 

ame Theologia? Doctor, or Professor __ (Of Laws); 
utriusque Juris Doctor. 11. A man skilled in any 
profession; vir expertus, peritus. III. A physician; 
medicus, Cic. 

To DOCTOR, v. a. To physic ; aegro medicatas po- 
tiones dare. 

DOCTORAL, a. Doctoris proprius. 

DOCTORSHIP. s. Doctoris gradus. 

DOCTRINAL, a. Quod ad doctores, or ad doctrinam, 
pertinet ; praceptivus, Sen. 

DOCTRINE, s. Doctrina ; eruditio ; litteratura ; lit- 
terae ; documentum ; praeceptum ; praeceptio ; artis 
scita, instituta, disciplina, Cic. 

DOCUMENT, s. Documentum, Cic. 

To DODDLE, v. n. To loiter ; reptare ; adrepere ; mo- 
rari ; cunctari, Cic. 

To DODGE, v. n. To use tergiversation ; tergiversari, 
Cic. ; obliquari, Plin. 

DODGER, s. Ludificator. 

DOE. s. A female deer ; dama. Virg. ; dorcas. Plin. 

A doe rabbit ; cuniculus lemma. 

DOER. s. Qui facit : operarius : artifex : machinator 

To DOFF. . a. Tollere ; auferre ; adimere : vestei 
detrahere; exuere, Ter. 

DOG. s. I. An animal; canis. II. Andiron; 
fulcimentum ligni in camino. Ill A little dog ; ca- 
tellus, Plaut. ; catulus, Cic. A lap-dog ; canis Meli- 
teus, Plin A mastiff' or ban-dog; canis Molossus, 
Virg. A house-dog ; canis vigilax, Col. Dog's meat ; 
caro catulina, Plin. To set on the dogs ; canes immittere. 

To DOG. v. a. Observare ; vestigia sequi. 

DOG-BRIAR, or DOGROSE. s. Cynosbatos, Plin. ^ ru- 
bus caninus. 

DOG-CHEAP, a. Vilis ; vilissirmis. To be dog-chl ip ; 
vilissimc constarc To sell dog-cheap; rem vili ven- 
clere, Mart. 




DOG-DAYS. *. Canicula, Cic. 
DOGGED, a. Morosus ; difficilis ; tetricus A dogged 
air ; irons caperata, Varr. ; vultus obductus, us, Ov. 
DOGGEDLY, ad. yEgre ; invite ; morose, Cic. 

DOGGEDNESS. s. Morositas, Cic. ; tetricitas, Ov. 

DOGGEREL, s. Versus incompti. 

DOGGEREL, a. Abnormis, Hor. ; regulis non consen- 
taneus; vilis. 

DOGGISH, a. I. Currish; caninus. II. Brutal; 
ferus, imraanis. 

DOG-GRASS, s. A plant ; gramen. 

DOG-HEARTED, a. Immanis ; ferus ; inhumanus ; 

DOG-KENNEL. *. Canum stabulum, Grat. 

DOG-LOUSE. *. An insect; tinea. 

DOGMA, s. Dogma, Cic. ; placitum, Plin. 

DOGMATIC, a. 1. Instructive; praeceptivus, Sen.; 
ad docendum aptus, idoneus, or accommodatus, Cic. 
II. Magisterial, pedantic ; qui magistrum redolet ; im- 
periosus, Cic. ; qui insulsum litteratorem sapit. 

DOGMATICALLY, ad. I. Instructively ; modo ad 
docendum accommodato. II. Magisterially; senten- 
tiose, Cic. ; superbius ; arrogantius ; inepti ac gloriosi 
litteratoris ritu. 

DOGMATICALNESS. s. Composita ad docendi gravita- 
tem loquendi ratio ; vox decretoria. 

DOGMATIST or DOGMATISER. s. Qui doctorem agit. 

To DOGMATISE, v . n. Sententiose loqui. 

DOG-STAR, s. Canicula, Cic.; Sirius. 

DOG-TEETH, s. Dentes canini. 

DOG-TRICK, s. Maleficium, Cic. 

DOG-WEARY, s. Defatigatus, Cic. 

DOINGS, I. Events; eventa; eventus, Cic. 

II. Feats; res gestae ; facta; facinora, Cic. III. 

Behaviour ; vitse, or vivendi, ratio, Cic. IV. Stir; 

turba; tumultus, us; commotio. V. Festivity; ob- 

lectatio ; laetitiae significatio. 

DOLE..?. I. The act of distribution ; distributio ; 
dispensatio; largitio, Cic. II. Any thing distributed ; 
donum ; tnunus ; munusculum ; congiarium, Cic. ; 
donativum, Tac. ; donaria, Virg. III. Grief, misery ; 
dolor; maeror; meestitia; angor ; tristitia. 

To DOLE. v. a. Donate ; largiri ; distribuere ; dis- 
pertiri, Cic. 

DOLEFUL or DOLESOME. a. Tristis; maestus ; lugu- 
bris ; luctuosus; maerens ; flebilis ; luctisonus ; acerbus; 
queribundus, Cic. 

DOLEFULLY or DOLESOMELY. ad. Dolenter; maeste, 
Cic. ; lugubre, Plaut. 

DOLEFULNESS or DOLESOMENESS. s. Tristitia ; maes- 
titia ; maeror ; aegritudo ; dolor ; luctus. 

DOLL. s. A puppet ; pupa, Varr.; puellaris icuncula, 

DOLLAR. *. A coin ; nummus, Cic. 

DOLORIFIC. a. Quod dolorem affert ; acerbus. 

DOLOROUS, a. I. Doleful; tristis ; maestus; lugu- 
bris; flebilis. II. Painful; quod dolorem affert; 
acerbus ; molestus. 

DOLOUR, s, I. Grief; tristitia; maestitia; maeror; 
angor, Cic. II. Pain ; dolor ; cruciatus, us ; aerumna ; 

DOLPHIN. *. A sea fish ; delphin, Ov. ; delphinus, 

DOLT. s. Fatuus ; ineptus ; stultus ; insulsus ; bar- 
dus ; stolidus, Cic. 

DOLTISH, a. Stupidus ; hebes ; stolidus ; fatuus, Cic. ; 
plumbeus, Ter. 

DOLTISHLY. a. Fatue ; insulse ; inepte. 

DOLTISHNESS. s. Stupiditas ; stupor; fatuitas, Cic. 

DOMAIN, s. I. Dominion; clominatio; dominatus, 
us; imperium. II. Estate; possessiones ; dominium, 
Sen. ; haereditas, Cic. 

DOME. s. A cupola ; concameratum aedis fastigium. 

DOMESTIC. s. Famulus ; minister ; puer ; servus, 
Cic. : in fern., ancilla, Cic. ; famula, Virg. ; ministra, 
Ov. : pi. ; res domestics et familiares, Cic. ; domus ; fa- 
milia, Cic. 

DOMESTIC or DOMESTICAL. a. I. Not wild ; domes- 

ticus ; mansuetus ; mansuefactus ; cicur ; domitus, Cic. 

II. Fond of home; umbraticus. Plaut. III. Done 

at home; privatus. IV. Intestine, not foreign ; in- 

testinus ; domesticus ; Cic. 

To DOMESTICATE, v. a. Mansuetum raldere, Cic. ; 
cicurare, Varr. ; domare, Ov. ; mansuefacere, Plin. 

DOMICILE. s. Domicilium ; domus ; sedes, Cic. 

DOMINANT, a, Dominans ; imperiosus ; clominator, 

To DOMINATE, v. n. Dominari ; imperium tenere, 
Cic. ; rerum potiri, Plin. 

DOMINATION, s. Dominatio ; dominatus, us, Cic. ; 
dominium, Sen. ; imperium ; potestas, Cic. ; ditio, Virg. ; 
liotcntia ; auctoritas ; arbitrium, Cic. 

To DOMINEER, v. n. Imperiouti; dominari ; impe- 
rium tenere, Cic. ; rerum potiri, Plin. ; imperare ; im- 
peratorias partes sibi sumere, Ca?s. 

DOMINEERING. . Imperiosus ; superbus ; insolens ; 
arrogans, Cic. ; imperii nimius, Liv. 


A friar; unus de Sancti Dominici fa- 



DOMINION, s. I. Authority ; dominatus ; domi- 
natio ; imperium ; potestas ; ditio ; potentia, Cic. 
II. Territory; imperium; regnum ; jurisdictionis fines. 
III. Ascendancy ; auctoritas ; pondus ; momen- 

DON. s. Dominus; pi., magnates, um. 

DONARY. s. Donarium, Virg. 

DONATION. *. Donatio ; munus ; donum ; largitio, Cic. 

DONATIVE. 5. Donum ; munus, Cic. ; donativum 

DONEE, s. (A law term.) Bom's donatus, Cic. 

DONGEON or DONJON, s. Arcis vertex, Lucr. 

DOODLE, s. Segnis ; ignavus ; iners ; desidiosus, 

To DOOM. v.a. I. To judge; de re judicare ; judi- 
ciumfacere; decernere. II. To condemn; damnare; 
condemnare; morti addicere. III. To destine; ad 
rem destinare, Liv. ; rei addicere, Cic. ; constituere ; 
decernere, Cic. 

DOOM. 5. I. Judgment; judicium; sententia, Cic. 
II. Judicial sentence; sententia; judicium damna- 
torium, Cic. III. Condemnation; damnatio; con- 
demnatio, Cic. IV. State to which one is destined; 
fatum ; sors ; fati lex. V. Ruin, destruction ; ruina ; 
pernicies ; exitium ; interitus, Cic. 

DOOMSDAY, s. Dies novissimus ; dies extremi ju- 

DOOMSDAY-BOOK, s. Tabulae censoriae, (or censuales, 

DOOR. s. I. Gate ; porta ; ostium ; janua ; fores, 
Cic. II. Entrance; aditus; introitus; vestibulum ; 
fauces, Cic.; Ov. ; Virg. III. Passage, a venue; 
transitus; iter; via; aditus. VI __ A little door; 
portula, Liv. ; ostiolum, Cic. ; foricula, Varr. Front 
door; antica, Varr -- Sack door; posticum, Plaut 
Folding doors ; valva? To turn out of doors ; ablegare 
foras, Plaut. ; foras ejicere, Ter __ To shut the door 
against; janua prohibere, Sail, In-doors ; domi, Cic. 

Out of doors ; foras ; foris To knock at the door ; 
fores pulsare To be next door to a thing ; proxime ac- 
cedere ad rem. 

DOOR-CASE, s. Antepagmenta, Vitr. 

DOOR-KEEPER, s. Janitor; janitrix ; Cic. ; Plaut. ; 
ostiarius ; ostiaria ; Sen. 

DOOR-POSTS, s. pi. Postes, Virg. 

DOOR-SILL, s. Limen, Virg. 

DORIC, s. Dialect used by the Dorians ; dialectus, or 
ratio, Dorica. 

DORIC, a. Doricus, Plin. 

DORMANT, a. I. Sleeping ; sopitus, Liv. ; consppi- 
tus ; somno oppressus, Cic. II. Private; proprius ; 
privatus, Cic. III. Concealed; latens ; abditus, Cic. 

To lie dormant ; latere ; delitescere, Cic __ Money 
lying dormant ; otiosa pecunia, Plin. 

DORMITORY or DORTURE. s. I. A room toith many 
beds; dormitorium ; cubiculum, Plin. II. A burial 
place ; sepulcretum, Catull. ; caemeterium, Eccl. 

DORMOUSE, s. Glis, Mart. 

DORSEL or DORSER. s. Sporta dossuaria, Varr. 

DOSE. 5. Medicamenti modus ; medicata potio, Cels. 

A strong dose of hellebore ; hellebori pars maxima, 

To DOSE. v. a. To proportion a medicine to a patient 
or disease ; pensas herbas examinare, Ov. 

DOSSIL, s. Lump of lint to be laid on a sore ; lina- 
mentum, Cels. 

DOT. s. A small point or spot in writing ; puncturn, 

To DOT. v. a. Punctis notare. 

DOTAGE, s. I. Loss of understanding; deliratio, 
Cic. ; amentia ; desipientia ; stultitia ; mentis pravitas, 
or alienatio, Suet. II. Excessive fondness ; amor in- 
sanus, Stat. 

DOTAL. a. Dotalis, Cic. 

DOTARD or DOTER. s. Delirans ; desipiens ; Ter. ; 

To DOTE. v. n. Delirare ; mente desipere, Plaut. ; 
Ter. ; Cic. ; senectute desipere. 

To DOTE UPON. v. a. Rei amore insanire, Plin., amore 
insano teneri, Stat. ; adamare ; ad insaniam amare, Plin. ; 
amore flagrare, Ov. 

DOTINGLY. ad. I. Foolishly ; dementer ; insipienter; 
stulte ; Cic. II. Fondly ; animo impotenti. Crc. 

DOUBLE, a. Duplex ; duplicatus ; geminatus, Cic. ; 
fallax ; falsus ; dolosus ; fraudulentus ; versipellis ; PX 
ambiguo dictus, Cic. ; anceps. 

DOUBLE, s. I. Twice the quantity ; dnplum, Cic. 
II. A trick ; astus, us, Plaut. ; dolus ; fraus, Cic. 

To DOUBLE, v. a. Duplicare ; geminare ; duplo augere, 
Cic. To fold; plicare ; complicare, Lucr. ; Cic. Twice 
or three times double ; ter, or quater, in so replicatus, 
Cels. To pass a headland ; promontorium pr;vtervehi, 
flectere, <V. To double a favour ; alicui quod pro- 
meritus luit conduplicare, Ter. 
H 4 


To DOUBLE, v. n. I. To be repeated ; duplicari ; 
geminari. II. To turn back; pedes reflectere, or 
referre, Ov. ; per eandem viam regredi ; iter relegere, 
Stat. III. To dissemble } parum sincere agere ; simu- 
lare ; dissimulare ; fallaciis uti ; fraudem adhibere, Cic. 
DOUBLE-DEALER, s. (Impostor, Ulp.) ; deceptor, Sen. ; 
homo fraudulentus, dolus ; veterator, Cic. 

DOUBLE-DEALING, s. Dolus malus ; fraus; fallacia; 
multiplex ingenium, Cic. 
DOUBLE-DYED, part. a. Bis tinctus. 

DOUBLE-MEANING, s. Ambiguitas ; anceps significatio, 
Cic. ; verborum ambages, Ov. ; verbum ex ambiguo dic- 
tum, Cic. 

DOUBLE-MINDED, a. Fallax; fraudulentus; dolosus ; 
astutus ; fraudator ; veterator ; versipellis, Cic. 

DOUBLER. s. Qui duplicatr 

DOUBLET. *. Thorax, Suet (At backgammon) ; 
scrupus geminatus. 

DOUBLE-TONGUED, a. Bilinguis, Virg. ; mcndax ; 
fallax, Cic. 

DOUBLOON, s. A Spanish coin; Hispanicus ex auro 
nummus duplex. 

DOUBLY, ad. Dupliciter ; duplo ; bis, Cic. 

To DOUBT, v. n. I. To question ; dubitatione uti ; 
de re in dubium venire ; aliquid dufoium habere, de re 
dubitare, or haerere, Cic. II. To fear ; timere ; me- 
tuerej pavere ; expavescere. III. To suspect; sus- 
picari; rei suspicionem habere. IV. To hesitate; 
haesitare ; haerere, Cic. ; animo fluctuare, Liv. ; in 
ambiguo esse, Tac. j animo pendere. 

To DOUBT, v. a. I. To think uncertain ; de re du- 
bitare; incertum habere. II. To fear, suspect ; rem 
suspicari ; subdubitare ; metuere, Cic. III. To dis- 
trust ; diffidere ; parum credere, Cic. 

DOUBT, s. I. Suspense, perplexity ; dubitatio ; du- 
bium, Cic. ; incertum, Tac. ; mentis haesitatio, Cic. ; 
animi fluctuatio, Liv. II. Fear; timor ; metus ; 
formido; suspicio ; diffidentia, Cic. III. Difficulty; 
difficultas; scrupulus. IV. To be in great doubt; 
dubitatione aestuare. Without doubt; sine dubio^in- 
dubitate, Cic. ; indubitanter, Plin. ; haud dubie. To 
raise a doubt ; dubitationem afferre ; dubitationi lecum 
dare. To remove all doubt ; dubitationem omnem 

tollere To keep in doubt ; aliquem de re suspensum 

tenere, Cic. 

DOUBTER, s. Qui dubitat. 

DOUBTFUL, a. 1. Not settled in opinion ; incertus ; 
dubius ; anceps, Cic. ; dubitans ; animo fluctuant, or 
suspensus, Cic. j consilii ambiguus, Tac. II. Ambi- 
guous ; dubius; incertus ; ambiguus; anceps. III. 
Questionable ; opinabilis ; de quo in utramque partem 
disputari potest, Cic. IV. Not without suspicion; 
suspiciosus, Cic. ; suspicax, Tac. V. Not without 
fear ; meticulosus, Plaut. ; timldus, Cic. 

DOUBTFULLY, ad. Dubitanter ; dubie ; Cic. 

DOUBTFULNESS, s. Dubitatio; dubium; ambiguitas, 
Cic. ; incertum, Tac. 

DOUBTINGLY. ad. Dubitanter, Cic. 

DOUBTLESS, a. Impavidus. 

DOUBTLESSLY. a,d. Indubitate; sine dubio; haud 
dubie, Cic. 

DOVE. s. Columba, Cic. ; columbus, Col. 

DOVECOTE or DOVEHOUSE. s. Columbarium, Varr.; 
columbaria, Col. 

DOVETAIL, s. (With joiners) ; subscus ; securicla ; 
Vitr. ; securicula, Plin. 

DOUGH, s. Farina ex aqua subacta. 

DOUGHTY, a. Fortis ; animosus ; audax ; strenuus ; 
magnanimus, Cic. 

To DOUSE, v. a. and n. In aquam mergere ; immer- 
gere; demergere. 

DOWAGER, s. Vidua quae mariti bonorum parte per 
vitam fruitur. 

DOWDY, s. Mulier male vestita. 

DOWER or DOWRY, s, I. Jointure ; concessus uxori 
superstiti bonorum mariti certae partis ususfructus. 
II. A wife's portion ; dos, Cic. III. A gift ; donum ; 
munus, Cic. 

DOWERED, a. Dotatus, Cic. 

DOWERLESS. a. Indotatus, Cic. 

DOWLAS, s. Linteum crassius. 

DOWN. *. I. Soft feather ; avium pluma mollior. 
II. Tender hair ; lanugo, Plin. III. Down of 
plants ; pappus, Lucr. IV. A large open plain; 
planities ; planus et aequus ager ; camporum patentium 
sequora, Cic. V. A sand hill on a sea coast; litorei 
ex arena tumuli. 

DOWN. prep. Deorsum versus, Ter. To go down a 
hill; collem descendere : (a stream); secundo flumine 
fluere, or prono amne, Ov. To bring down; tleorsum 
deducere, Lucr To throw down ; aliquem praecipitem 
dare, Ter., or dejicere, Cic. 

DOWN. ad. I. On the ground ; in ima parte ; infra ; 
inferne. II. Tending toward the ground ; deorsum. 

To fall straight down ; directo deorsum ferri, Cic 

Comedown! descendite; vos demittite. III. Out of 
sight below the horizon The sun is down ; sol occidit, 


abit, Cic. IV. Into declining reputation; pessum, 
Lucr. ; Plin. 

DOWN 1 inter j. Demittite vos. Up and down; 
sursum deorsum. 

To DOWN. v. a. Demoliri ; deturbare ; dejicere ; a* 
terram affligere ; deprimere ; domare ; frangere. 

DOWNCAST, a. Demissus, Cic. ; in terram deject u 
Tac. A downcast look; vultus demissus, maestui 

DOWNFALL, s. Casus ; lapsus ; ruina ; rerum in- 
clinatio ; infortunium ; casus adversus, Cic. 

DOWNFALLEN. v. a. Eversus ; excisus ; dirutus, Cic. ; 
ad solum dirutus, Curt. ; lapsus ; delapsus, Cic. 

DOWN-HEARTED, a. Animo debilitatus ; animo fractus, 

DOWN-HILL, s. Inclinatio, Cic. ; declivitas, Caes. ; 
devexitas, Plin. ; clivus, Cic. ; collis dejectus. 

DOWN-LOOKED, a. Vultu demissus, tristis, maestus, 

DOWN-LYING, a. Recumbens, Cic. ; Cubans ; recu- 
bans, Virg. 

DOWN-LYING, s. Secubitus, Catull. ; cubitus, Plin. 

DOWNRIGHT, ad. I. Perpendicularly ; ad perpen- 
diculum ; directo ; deorsum, Cic. II. In plain terms ; 
expresse; nominatim; simpliciter; aperte, Cic. III. 
Completely; omnino. 

DOWNRIGHT, a. I. Plain; apertus ; manifestus; 
clarus ; perspicuus ; evidens, Cic. II. Artless ; can- 
didus ; sincerus ; apertus. III. True; verus; verax, 
Cic. ; genuinus, Cell. 

DOWNSITTING. s. Sessio, Cic. 

DOWNWARD, a. I. Inclining or moving to a lower 
part; pronus; praeceps. II. Declivous, bending ; de- 
clivis. III. Depressed; demissus; tristis; maestus; 
depressus, Cic. 

DOWNWARD or DOWNWARDS, ad. Deorsum ; deorsum 

versus, Ter. ; per pronum, Sen. ; per prona, Sil To 

look downward; terram modeste intueri, Ter. 

DOWNY, a. I. Full of down ; mollibus plumis in- 
structus. II. Soft, tender; mollis ; tener ; lenis, 
Cic. ; tenellus, Ov. 

DOWSE, s. A slap on the face ; alapa, Mart. ; colaphus, 

To DOZE. v. a. Sopire ; consopire, Cic. ; soporare. 

To DOZE. v. n. Soporari, Cels. ; dormitare, Cic. 
Fig. ; rebus suis indormire, Cic. 

DOZEN. Duodecim ; duodeni, Cic. 

DOZINESS, s. Stupor ; veternus ; or, veternum, 

DOZY. a. Semisopitus, Liv. ; semisomnus ; scmi- 
somnis, Cic. 

DRAB. 5. Meretrix, Cic. ; prostibulum, Plaut. ; pros- 
tituta, Sen. 

DRACHM, s. Eighth part of an ounce ; drachma, Cic. 

DRAFF. Sordes, Cic. ; purgamentum ; excrementum, 
Plin. ; faex ; crassamen, Hor. 

DRAFFY. a. Immundus, Ter. ; spurcus, Catull. ; sor- 
didus, Virg. ; fcedus, Tac. ; impurus, Cic. 

To DRAG. v. a. and n. Trahere ; ducere To drag off 
or away ; abripere ; abducere ; raptare. To drag out or 

on; producere (On the ground) ; humum verrere. ' 

To drag along ; reptare ; adrepere ; membra trahere. 

DRAG or DRAG-NET, s. I. A net drawn along the 
bottom of the water ; tragula, Plin. ; yerriculum, Val. 
Max. ; (sagena, Manil.). II. An instrument with 
hooks to catch hold of things under water ; uncus, Cic. ; 
hamus, Ov. ; hamulus, Cels. ; harpago, Liv. ; pala ex 
ferro recurva. III. A kind of car drawn by the hand ; 
plaustellum, Hor. 

DRAGANT. s. A sort of gum ; tragacanthum, Cels. 

To DRAGGLE, v. a. In luto volutare ; cceno oblinere, 

DRAGON. 5. I. A kind of winged serpent ; draco, 

Cic Sea-dragon ; draco marinus. II. A violent 

man or woman ; homo irae impotens, Liv. ; virago, 

DRAGON-LIKE, a. Saevus ; violens ; vehemens ; prae- 
ceps in iram ; furibundus ; furiosus, Cic. 

DRAGOONS, s. pi. Dimachae, Curt. 

To DRAGOON, v. a. Equitibus infestare. 

DRAIN, s. Incile ; elix ; sulcus ; aquarius, Col. ; aqua- 

gium, Pomp. Mel. ; canalis ; fossa, Cic To make 

drains ; incilia aperire, Cato. 

To DRAIN, v. a. I. To draw off gradually ; aquam 
elicere ; emittere ; alio derivare ; paludis aquas sulcis 
derivare ; Col. II. To make quite dry ; siccare, Ov. ; 
exsiccare, Cic. ; desiccare, Plin. ; vacuum facere ; ex- 
laurire, Cic. Ill To drain a fen ; incilibus siccare 
saludes, Cic. To drain one's purse; exenterare rear- 
iupium, Plaut. ; exinanire aliquem, Cic To drain 
cups ; siccare calices, Hor. ; crateras vertere, Virg 
[Bottles) ; lagenas exsiccare, Cic. 

DRAKE, s. Anas, Cic. A small wild duck; anati- 
cula. Duck and drake; lapilli subsultim crispantis 
aquas jactus. 

DRAM. s. I. A small quantify; paulum ; paulu- 



lum ; grumus ; mica, Plin __ Not a dram; nihil omni- 
no, Cic. ; ne hilum quidem. II. A small quantity (of 
strong liquors) ; haustus. 

DRAM-DRINKER, s. Potor ; potator ; qui crebris po- 
tionibus utitur. 

DRAMA, s. Drama, Plaut. 

DRAMATIC or DRAMATICAL, a. Dramaticus ; sceni- 

DRAMATICALLY, ad. Scenice, Quint. ; scenica prope 
venustate, Cic. 

DRAMATIST, s. Poeta scenicus. 

DRAP. s. Pannus crassus et vilis. 

To DRAPE, v. n. Villos ovium contexere, Cic. ; 
telam texere, Ter. ; telas exercere, Ov. ; licia telae ad- 
dere, Virg. ; percurrere telas, Virg. ; Ov. 

DRAPER, s. Panni opifex ; propola. 

DRAPERY, s. I. The trade of making cloths pan- 
norum laneorum textura, Cic. II. The dress of a pic- 
ture, fyc. ; vestes expresses coloribus. 

DRAUGHT, s. I. The act of drinking ; potus ; po- 
tio ; potatio, Cic. II. Quantity of liquor drunk at 
once ; haustus __ To drink at one draught ; uno haustu 
bibere To take a long draught ; longis haustibus po- 
cula trahere, Hor. At each draught ; quoties bibit ; ad 
singulos haustus. III. Anabstract; exemplar,Cic. ; ex- 
cerptio, Cell.: (of a lawsuit) ; litis summa, Cic. IV. 
Resemblance of a thing drawn with a pencil ; ichnogra- 
phia, Vitr. ; descripta lineis forma. V. Delineation, 
sketch; tabellae levis adumbratio; linearis adumbratio, 
Quint. A picture drawn ; picta tabula ; descriptio ; ef- 
figies, Cic. VI. A detachment ; manus ex acie sejuncta ; 
lecta et expedita manus. VII. A sink ; latrina; forica, 
Vitr.; eluvies, Plin. VIII. A bill for money ; syngrapha. 
IX. A draught horse ; jugatorius equus, Varr. 

DRAUGHTS, s. pi. A game; scruporum ludus ; 
Quint. To play at draughts ; scrupis ludere, Cic. 

DRAUGHT-BOARD, s. Alveolus, Cic. 

DRAUGHTSMAN, s. Librarius, Cic. ; libellio, Stat. 

To DRAW. v. a. I. To pull along ; trahere ; ducere. 
II. To pull forcibly ; rapere ; raptare. III. To 
drag; abripere. IV. To suck; sugere, Cic.; ebi- 
bere, Pomp. Mel. V. To attract; allicere ; attrahere ; 
ad se trahere ; adducere ; allectare ; invitare, Cic. ; con- 
vertere, Liv. ; sibi adjungere. VI. To inhale ; inspi- 
rare, VII. To take from ; eripere; tollere ; auferre ; 
extorquere. VIII. To pull a sword from the .'heath ; 
gladium nudare, Liv*, distringere, Cic., stringere.Virg., e 
vagina educere, Cic. ; ferrum expedire, Liv A drawn 
sword; gladius strictus, districtus, vagina vacuus, Cic. 
IX. To let out any liquid ; promere ; depromere ; de 
dolio haurire, Hor. X. To unclose (curtains) ; reclu- 
dere ; (velum) reducere, Cic. XI. To close (curtains) ; 
(velum) obducere, or obtendere, Cic. XII. Toprocure; 
producere; inducere ; sibi parare. XIII. To pro- 
tract ; protrahere ; producere, Ter. ; in longum ducere, 
Virg. XIV. To utter lingeringly ; in dicendo lentum 
esse, Cic. ; lingua imprpmptum esse, Liv. XV. To 
represent ; delineare j pingere ; effingere ; exprimere ; 
lineis describere. XVI. To derive ; see To DERIVE. 
XVII. To deduce ; inferre; colligere. XVIII. 
To entice; allicere; allectare; inducere; perducere; 
flectere ; ad suas partes trahere, Cic. XIX. To per- 
suade to follow i secum ducere ; attrahere ; accersere. 
XX. To persuade ; suadere ; persuadere ; ad rem 
inducere ; incitare. XXI To win ; conciliare ; bene- 
ficiis allicere; assequi. XXII. To receive; capere; 
recipere; excipere; percipere. XXIII. To exhort; 
rem elicere ; exprimere ; extorquere ; impetrare. 
XXIV. To wrest, distort ; cogere j extorquere ; adigere; 
eripere. XXV. To compose; componere ; erigere; 
struere; construere; statuere. XXVI. To withdraw 
from judicial notice ; a re discedere ; desistere, Cic. 

XXVII. To eviscerate ; exenterare, Just. 
XXVIII. To draw one dry; exinanire, Cic. To draw 
a pond; piscibus stagnum exhaurire, viduare, vacuare, 
Col. To draw to an issue rem finire ; concludere ; 
ad finem, or exitum, perducere. To fight a drawn 
battle. ; ancipiti marte manus conserere. 

To DRAW BACK. v. a. Retrahere ; reflectere. 

To DRAW DOWN. v. a. Deorsum ducere __ (Up); 
sursum ducere, Cato. 

To DRAW ASUNDKR. v. a. Disjungere ; separare. 

To DRAW ASIDE, v. a. Seducere ; e turba subducere. 

To DRAW AWAY. v. a. Detraherej avellere; abri- 
pere ; auferre ; alienare ; abstrahere. 

To DRAW IN. v. a. I. To pull back ; cohibere; in- 

nibere. II. To entice ; illicere ; perducere ; allectare. 

lo DRAW OFF. v. a. I. To extract by distillation ; 

uccum e re exstillare, exprimere. II. To withdraw ; 
abstrahere; abducere ; amovere ; avocare, Cic. III. 
T<i ilrn in out by a vent ; exhaurire. 

To DRAW ON. v. a. I. To occasion; perducere; 
eflicere; occasionem praebere. II. To cause; creare ; 
efflcere ; producere. 

I o DRAW OVER. v. a. Ad suas partes trahere ; ad 
so adjungere. 

To DKAW OUT. v. a. ' I. To lengthen; producere; 

extrahere ; in longum ducere, Virg. 11. To pump out ; 
exhaurire. III. To extract from ; exprimere; extra- 
here; extorquere; elicere. IV. To range; aciem 
componere, Ter. ; instruere, Cic. ; instituere, Cas. ; dis- 
ponere ; exornare, Sail. ; Tac. 

To DRAW TOGETHER, v. a. Congregare; aggregare ; 
cogere ; co3tus sociare, Cic. 

To DRAW UP. v. a. I. To form in order of battle ; 
aciem struere, Cic., ordinare, Curt. II. To form in 
writing; componere; scribere. III. (A bill); accept! 
et expensi rationem inire, or subducere, Cic. 

To DRAW. v. n. I. (As a beast of burden) ; trahere. 
II. To act as a weight ; trahere. III. To shrink.; 
abscedere; discedere ; abire ; se subducere; subtrahere; 
recipere; secedere, Cic. IV. To advance ; accedere ; 
se proferre ; progredi ; procedere. V. To unshcath a 
sword; gladium stringere. VI. To practise deline- 
ation; delineare. VII. To make a sore run ; ad sup- 
purationem perducere, Plin. VIII. To draw to a 
head ; erumpere, Cels. To draw to an end ; finem, or 
exitum, habere ; desinere ; exire. To draw nigh ; pro- 
pinquare ; appropinquare ; accedere ; adventare, Cic. ; 
instare, Sail Death draws nigh ; mors adventat ; fa- 
tum imminet,Cic. Night or spring draws nigh; nox, 
ver, appetit, Cic. 

DRAWBACK, s. (Among traders) ; de summa deces- 
sio, or detractio, Sen. 

DRAWBRIDGE, s. Pons qui ductariis funibus attolli 
aut deprimi potest. 

DRAWER, s. Qui trahit, or ducit. A sliding box in a 
set of drawers ; capsula ductilis ; ductile scrinium ; ar- 
cula. Col (In a bird cage); alveus, Liv A set of 
drawers ; foruli, Suet. ; Juv. 

DRAWERS, s. pi. Interius subligaculum, Cic. ; subli- 
gar, Mart. ; interiora feminalia, Suet. 

DRAWING, s. i.e. The art; graphis, Plin. ; graphidos 
scientia, Vitr. 

DRAWING-ROOM, s. Salutatorium cubile, Col. 

To DRAWL OUT ONE'S WORDS, v. n. Esse in dicendo 
lentum, Cic., or impromptum lingua, Liv. 

DRAW-WELL, s. Puteus, Cic. 

DRAY or DRAY-CART, s. Traha, Col. ; simplicis 
axis carruca. 

DRAYMAN, s. Simplicis axis carrucae ductor. 

DREAD, s. Formido; metus ; timor ; pavor; terror; 
Cic. To inspire, or Jill, with dread ; terrorem injicere, 
or incutere, Cic. 

DREAD, a. Horrendus ; horrificus ; horribilis ; terri- 
bilis ; venerandus, Cic. ; venerabilis, Liv. ; formidandus, 

To DREAD, v. a. and n. Timere ; metuere ; formi- 
dare ; expavescere ; reformidare ; pertimescere ; hor- 

DREADFUL, a. Formidandus ; formidolosus ; per- 
timescendus, Cic. ; formidabilis, Ov. ; dirus ; terribilis ; 
horrendus, Cic. 

DREADFULLY, ad. Horrendum, or terribilem, in mo- 
dum, Cic. ; horriflce, Lucr. 

DREADLESS. a. Metu, or timore, vacuus ; impavidus ; 
intrepidus, Cic. 

DREAM, s. Somnium; insomnium ; visum. 

To DREAM, v. n. I. To have a dream ; somniare ; 
somniis nti, Cic. II. To imagine; rem attendere ; 
secum reputare et cogitare; attente meditari, Cic. 

III. To think idly ; delirare ; desipere. 

To DREAM, v. a. In somniis videre. To dream of 
one; aliquem somniare. 

DREAMER, s. I. One who has dreams; qui som- 
niat; somniosus ; multus in somniis, Cic. II. A vi- 
sionary ; homo fanaticus, lymphaticus, delirus, Cic. ; 
dormitans, Plaut. III. An idler ; somniator, Sen. ; 
somniculosus, Cic. 

DREARINESS, s. Horror ; maestitia ; taedium ; tris- 
titia; aegritudo. 

DREARY or DREAR, a. Maestus ; horridus ; tristis ; 
lugubris, Cic. 

DREGGISH or DREGGY, a. Faculentus, Col. ; turbi- 
dus ; turbulentus, Cic. 

DREGS, s. Faex ; crassamen, Hor. ; sordes ; purga- 
mentum, Cic. ; crassamentum, Col. (Of wine) ; faeces, 
Hor __ Dregs of the people ; civitatis f'sex -, infima fa>x 
populi ; plebeia iaex ; plebecula ; infima multitude, Cic. ; 
popellus, Hor. ; ignobile vulgus, Virg. 

To DRENCH, v. a. To soak; aspergere ; consper- 
gere ; aqua perfundere ; irrigare ; abluere ; eluere ; 
humectare ; immergere, Cic. 

DRENCH, s. I. A draught ; potio, Cic. II. Physic 
for a brute ; medicamentum, Cels. 

DRESS, s. Vestis ; vestitus, us ; vestimentum ; tegmen ; 
cultus, us ; ornatus, us, Cic. 

To DRESS, v. a. I. To clothe ; aliquem veste induere; 
vestitum praebere, Cic. II. To clothe elegantly ; exor- 
nare ; concinne componere, Cic. III. To adorn ; or- 
nare; exornare; decorare ; Cic.; adornare, 1 nn. 

IV. To furnish a room ; instruere; appanire ; Cic. 

V. (A wound); vulnerl medcri ; ad vulnus curatlonem 
admovcre, Cic. VI. To curry, rub; curare; equum 


strigile defricare, or distringere. ' VII. To rectify ; com- 
ponere; ordine disponere ; accommodare. VIII. To 
prepare ; apparare : comparare ; instruere ; Cic. ; con- 
cinnare, Plin. IX. To prepare victuals; convivium 
apparare, Ter. ; ccenam parare, Phaedr. ; epulas institu- 

ere, Liv. X To dress a lady's hair ; mulieris caput 

comere, Tibull. ; comam componere, Virg To dress 
hemp ; cannabera pectinare ; linum pectere ; Plin. 

To dress a vine ; vitem castrare, Plin To dress salad; 

acetaria condire, Plin. 
DRESSER, s. I. Oneemployed in dressing; cubicula- 

rius, Cic (Of hair) ; capillorum concinnator, Col. 

II. (In a kitchen) ; abacus. 
DRESSING, s. (With surgeons); curatio, Cic. ; me- 

oicatio, Col (Of meat); ciborum conditio ; condimen- 

tum, Cic. ; conditura, Sen (Of hair) ; crinium comptus, 
tis, Lucr. 

DRESSING-ROOM, s. Cubiculum secretius, Suet. 
DRESSING-CLOTH, s. Mundi muliebris involucrum. 
To DRIB. v. a. De sumraa deducere ; decessionem 
facere, Cic. 

To DRIBBLE, v. a. Guttatim effundere. 

To DRIBBLE, v. n. Stillare, Lucr. ; distillare ; des- 

tillare, Col. ; exstillare, Plaut. Dribbling debts; parva 

nomina, Cic. 

DRIBLET, s. Summula, Sen. 
DRIER, s. Siccandi, or desiccandi, vi pollens reme- 

DRIFT, s. I. Impulse; impulsio; impulsus, tis, 
Cic. II. Violence; vis; impetus, us, Cic. ; potentia, 
Ov. ; violentia, Plin. ; celeritas, Cic. ; rapiditas, Caes. ; 
velocitas, Plin. III. A shower; imber ; pluvia ; nim- 
bus, Cic. IV. Tendency ; finis ; propositum ; con- 
silium What is your drift ? quo tendis ? quid spectas ? 
qua tua mens ? V. A drift of sand ; arena vestigio 
cedens, Curt. : (of dust) ; pulvereus turbo, Claud 
Snow drift ; nivis acervus, Cic., congeries, Plin. 

To DRIFT, v. a. I. To drive along ; propellere ; 
protruderej impellere ; Cic. II. To throw together 
on heaps ; acervare j coacervare, Cic. ; cumulare, 

To DRILL, v. a. I. To pierce with a drill; tere- 
brare; perterebrare ; Cic. II. To put off; differre; 
procrastinare;; protendere ; Cic. ; de die in diem ducere, 
Caes. III. To range troops ; aciem instruere, Cic., 
componere, Ter. IV. To exercise troops; milites 
exercitare Well drilled troops; bona disciplina exer- 
citati milites, Cic. 

DRILL. *. I. A boring tool ; terebra, Plin. II. A 
baboon; simius major. III. A soldier ; miles grega- 

rius Drill serjeant ; centuriae instructor. 

DRINK. 5. Potio ; potus, us, Cic. 
To DRINK, v. a. Bibere ; potare ; absorbere, Cic. 
To drink at a draught ; ductim bibere, Plaut To drink 
up ; pateram exhaurire, Cic To drink deep ; pergrse- 
cari, Cic. To drink together ; simul potare To drink 
away sorrow ; vino curas eluere ; lavere mala vino ; Hor. 
To DRINK, v. n. I. To swallow liquors ; bibere ; 
imbibere; absorbere. II. To be entertained with 

liquors ; potare ; compotare. III. To drink to excess ; 
inebriari, Sen.; vino se obruere, Cic. IV This 
wine drinks dead; vini hujus sapor evanuit. 

To DRINK TO. v, a. 1. To salute in drinking ; salutem 
dicere; salutare. II. To invite to drink; invitare 
aliquem poculis, Plaut. ; crebris potionibus lacessere, 
Sen. 111. To wish well to, in the act of taking the cup ; 
propinare, Cic. 

DRINKABLE, a. Potulentus ; potui idoneus, Cic. 
DRINKER. 5. Potor ; potator, Cic. ; bibax ; bibulus ; 

Hor A great drinker ; potor acer, or nobilis, Hor (Of 

a woman) ; bibacula, Plaut. ; devota vino potrix, Phaedr. ; 
multi meri mulier, Hor. A drinker to the health ; pro- 
pinator, Cic. 

DRINKING, s. Potio; potatip A drinking-cup ; 
patera ; poculum, Cic. ; crater, Virg A drinking com- 
panion; combibo, Ter.; compotor, Cic. A drinking 
bout ; perpotatio ; compotatio, Cic. Fond of drinking ; 
bibax; bibulus; Hor Fondness for drinking ; biba- 
citas To spend one's days in drinking ; totos dies per- 
potare, Cic. A drinking to ; propinatio, Cic. 

To DRIP. v. n. Guttatim cadere ; stillare, Lucr. ; 
distillare ; destillare ; Col. ; exstillare, Plaut. 

To DRIP. v. a. Guttatim effundere He is dripping 
wet ; totus madidus, or uvidus, est, Plaut. 
DRIP. s. (In architecture) ; projectura, Vitr. 
DRIPPING, s. Adeps ; pinguedo, Plin. 
DRIPPING-PAN, s. Vas adipis exceptorium. 
To DRIVE, v. a. I. To expel by force ; pellere ; de- 
pellere ; expellere ; ejicere ; detrudere ; extrudere ; abi- 
gere ; demovere, Cic. II. To send by force to any 
place; aliquo trudere, or cogere. III. To impel to 
greater speed; agere ; cursu citato agere ; propellere. 
IV. To guide a carriage ; aurigari ; rhedam, or cur- 
rum, agere. V. To compel; cogere; adigere; alicui 
faciendi necessitatem imponcre ; indticore ; impellere. 
VI. To impel by influence of passion ; ad rem im- 
pellere, incitare, or excitare ; instigare ; inducere ; con- 


citare ; morere ; commovere ; rapere ; abripere ; praecl- 
pitare ; trahere, Cic. VII. To urge ; propellere ; 
urgere ; insequi ; persequi, Cic. VIII. To carry on; 
agere ; conficere ; praestare ; exsequi ; rem gerere. IX. 

To drive into ; trudere To drive off'; abigere ; ex- 

pellere. To drive a nail; clavum adigere. To drive 
away sorrow ; aegritudinem gubmovere, Cic. : (flies) ; 
muscas abigere, Cic. To drive away time; tempus 
conficere, Plaut. To drive back ; repellere ; repulsare ; 
rejicere; Cic.; retrudere, Plaut (The enemy); pro- 
pellere inimicorum impetum, Cic. To drive away 

danger; periculum propulsare To drive on; pro- 

trudere ; maturare ; Cic. ; accelerate, Plin. The 
wind drives the ship ; ventus navim impellit, Stat. ; 
fertur vento navis, Lucr. 

To DRIVE, v. n. I. To so as impelled by anexternal 
agent; agi; pelli ; protrudi ; impetu fern. II. To 
rush with violence ; ruere ; se praecipitare ; mittere se, 
Virg. ; involare, Plaut. ; irrumpere ; impetum facere, 
Cic. III. To guide a carriage ; aurigare, Suet. 
I V. To tend to, aim at ; ad rem tendere, or spectare ; 
affectare, Cic. / see what he drives at ; quo animum in- 
tendat facile perspicio, Cic. V. To drive; (a sea 
term) ; cursu decedere, Caes. ; carinam deflectere, Lu- 
can. ; de via deflectere, Cic., or declinare, Plaut. 

To DRIVEL, v. n. I. To slaver; salivare, Plin.; 
pituitam ex ore stillare. II. To dote ; delirare ; desi- 

DRIVEL, s. Effluens, or profluens, ex ore saliva. 
DRIVELLER. s. Delirus ; delirans ; insipiens ; bardus ; 
stultus ; fatuus ; insulsus ; stplidus ; ineptus, Cic. 

DRIVER, s. I. (Of a carriage); auriga, Ov. ; rheda- 
rius; essedarius; Cic. II. (Of an animal); agitator. 
Ass-driver ; aselli agitator ; asinarius, Suet. ; agaso, 
Plin An ox-driver; bubulcus, Phaedr. III. A coo- 
per's tool; cuneus. 

To DRIZZLE, v. n. Rorare; irrorare; stillare; de- 

To DRIZZLE, v. a. Guttatim effundere. Drizzling 
rain ; tenuis, or modieus, imber, Plin. 
DRIZZLY, a. Pluvialis, Ov. 

DROLL, a. Lepidus ; facetus; festivus; jocosus; ri- 
diculus, Cic. 

DROLL, s. Joculator ; scurra ; facetus et dicax ; sannio, 

To DROLL, v. n. To play the buffoon; scurrari, Hor. ; 
scurriliter ludere ; jocari, Cic. 

DROLLERY, s. Joci scurriles ; joca ; facetiae ; lepores, 
Cic. ; vernilitas, Plin. ; vernile dictum, Tac. ; dicacitas 
scurrilis ; joci mimici ; Cic. 

DROMEDARY, s. A sort of camel ; dromas camelus, 

DRONE, s. I. The bee that makes no honey ; fucus, 
Varr. II. A sluggard ; ignavus; iners; segnis ; de- 
sidiosus ; Cic. ; cessator, Hor. 

To DRONE, v. n. Languori. desidiaeque se dedere; 
desidia languere. 
DRONISH. a. Iners ; ignavus. 

To DROOP, v. n. I. To languish with sorrow ; 
ristitiae se tradere ; maerore se conficere, Cic. ; aegritu- 
dineaffici; angore confici. II. To grow weak; debi- 
itari ; frangi ; vires amittere ; consenescere, Cic. III. 
To fade ; marcere, Mart. ; marcescere, Col.; deflores- 
cere, Cic. ; flaccescere, Col. IV. To be dispirited; 
animo frangi ; infringi ; Cic. ; animo deficere, concidere ; 
animum demittere, Cic. ; despondere, Liv. V. To 
lean downwards ; vergere ; inclinare - f se demittere. 
To be in a drooping condition; languere; tabescere; 
nclinare, Cic. 

DROP. s. I. Globule of moisture; gutta, Cic (From 
a still) ; stilla, Vitr. Drop by drop ; guttatim, Plaut. 

II. An ear-ring; inauris, Plaut. 
To DROP. v. a. I. To pour in drops ; guttatim 
effundere. II. To let fall; demittere. III. To let 
_;o ; derelinquere ; deserere; destituere ; laxare. IV. 
To utter casually ; vocem mittere ; jacere ; Cic. V. 
To insert indirectly; rem inserere; forte interponere, 
ic., or introducere, Ter. VI. To intermit, cease; 
desinere ; desistere ; finem facere ; omittere ; inter- 
mittere ; comprimere, Cic. VII. To quit ; emittere; 
3 manibus emittere ; abire ; discedere a re ; missum fa- 
jere; cedere; seabducere. VIII. To bedrop, speckle; 
naculis variare ; distinguere. IX To drop a cour- 
tesy ; salutationem facere, Liv. ; salutare, Cic To 
drop anchor ; anchoram jacere, Liv., mittere. 

To DROP. v. n. I. To fall in drops ; stillare ; gut- 
atim cadere. II. To die ; mori ; marcescere. III. 
To come unexpectedly ; ex improviso venire, Cic. ; inci- 
dere. IV. To sink to nothing ; elabi; decidere; ruere; 
concidere ; delabi ; deficere ; cadere ; corruere ; Cic. 
To drop down dead ; concidere mortuum, Cic. ; exanimem 
procumbere, Curt. 

DROPPING, s. Casus ; lapsus The dropping of the 
nose; stiria, Virg.; Mart. 
DROPLET, s. Guttula, Plaut. 

DROPSICAL, a. Hydropicus, Hor. A dropsical 
voman; hydropica. 


DROPSY, s. Hydrops, Cels, ; Hor. ; hydropisis, Plin. ; 
aqua intercus, Cic. 

DROSS, s. I. The recrement of metals ; scoria, Plin. 
II. Rust; rubigo, Plin. III. Refuse ; faex ; pur- 
gamentum, Cic. 

DROSSY, a. Scoria abundans ; immundus ; impurus ; 
feed us. 

DROVE. . I. (Of cattle or sheep) ; pecus ; grex ; 
amentum, Cic. ; Virg. II. (Of any animals) ; grex ; 
turba ; copia. III. A crowd ; multitude ; turba ; fre- 
quentia ; copia ; grex ; examen ; colluvies ; chorus ; ca- 

DROVER. *. Bubulcus, Phaadr.; bourn agitator, or 

DROUGHT, s. I. Dry weather ; siccitas, Cic. ; ari- 
ditas, Plin.; aritudo, Varr. II. Thirst; eitis ; po- 
tandi desiderium, Cels. To be choked with drought; 
siti consumi, Cic., necari, Cels. To cause drought; 
sitim accendere, Cels., facere, gignere, Plin. 

DROUGHTY, a. I. Wanting rain ; siccus ; aridus, 
Cic.; humore carens, Virg.; sitiens, Plin.; siticulosus, 
Col. II. Dry with thirst; sitiens, Cic. ; siti aflectus, 
Liv., enectus, Cic., ardens, Phaedr. 

To DROWN, v. a. I. To suffocate in water ; mer- 
gere ; demergere, Cic To drown one's self; se in flu- 
men, or aquam, mergere, Cic. ; Varr. II. To over- 
whelm in water ; aqua deprimere. III. To overflow ; 
inundare. IV. To immerge ; in aquam immergere, 

To DROWSE, v. n. Dormitare, Hor. ; soporari, Cels. 

DROWSILY, ad. I. Sleepily; somniculose, Plaut. 

II. Sluggishly; desidiose, Lucr. ; segniter, Liv.; 
pigre, Col. 

DROWSINESS, s. I. Sleepiness ; stupor ; veternus ; 
or, veternum, Plaut. II. Idleness; ignavia; desidia ; 
inertia ; pigritia, Cic. ; segnities, Ter. ; socordia, Cic. 

DROWSY, a. I. Sleepy; somniculosus, Cic.; semi- 
sopitus, Liv.; semisomnus, Cic. II. Causing sleep ; 
soporifer, Virg.; c~ i soporifera vis inest, Plin. III. 
Stupid ; tardus ; obtusus, Cic. ; ingenio cunctantior, 
Liv. IV. To grow drowsy ; -soporari, Cels.; dormi- 
tare, Cic. The drowsy disease ; veternus, Cic. ; lethar- 
gus ; lethargia, Plin. 

To DRUB. v. a. To beat ; plagis liberaliter excipere ; 
verberibus accipere. I will drub you well; egregie te 
depexum reddam, Ter. 

DRUB. s. A blow ; ictus ; plaga. 

DRUBBING, s. Fustuariutn. 

To DRUDGE, v. n. Laborare. 

DRUDGE. *. I. One employed in mean labour; calo, 
Cic. ; lixa, Cses. ; cacula, Plaut. ; mediastinus, Liv. 
II. A slave : servus ; mancipium. 

DRUDGERY, j. Servitus, us, Cic. 

D'UDGINGLY. ad. Operose; moleste, Cic. 

DRUG. s. I. A physical ingredient ; res cathartica, 
Ceis. ; pi., aromata, Col. II. Any thing of low va- 
lue ; res vilioris pretii. 

To DRUG. v. a. I. To season with medicinal ingre- 
dients ; medicamenta adhibere ; segro medicamenta dare, 
Cic. II. To tincture with something offensive; ali- 
quid injucunditatis immiscere. 

DRUGGET, s. A kind of woollen stuff; pannus lino et 
bombyce contextus. 

DRUGGIST or DRUGSTER. *. Rerum medicamentis in- 
servientium propola. 

DRUM s. I. A warlike instrument; tympanum, 
Hor Kettle drums ; tympana aenea Moorish drum ; 
atabalus. II. (Of the ear); auricula? tympanum. 

To DRUM. v.n. I. To beat a drum; tympanum 
pulsare, or tundere, Ov. ; tympanizare, Suet. II. To 
beat i/'tth a pulsatory motion ; pulsare. 

DRUMMER, s. Tympanotriba, Plaut. ; tympanista. 

DRUMSTICK, s, Bacillum ; bacillus; radius, Plin.; 

DRUNKARD, s. Ebriosus ; vinolentus, Cic. ; vinosus ; 
vini potor ; Plaut. ; vir multi meri, Hor., ad merum 
pronior, Plin. 

DRUNKEN or DRUNK, a. I. Inebriated ; ebrius ; vi- 
nolentus ; temulentus, Ter. ; vini plenus ; vino gravis, 
obrutus, confectus, Cic., oneratus, Sen. ; crapulaa ple- 

nus, Liv To make drunk ; inebriare, Plin. ; in vinum 

trahere, Liv. ; temulentiam facere, Plin To get drunk; 
vino so obruere, Cic. II. Given to inebriety -, ebriosus ; 
vinolentus, Cic. ; ebriosus, Plaut. ; vir multi meri, Hor. 

III. Saturated with moisture; madefactus, Cic.; 
madidus, Ov. 

DBUNKENLY. ad. Temulenter, Col. 

DRUNKENNESS, s. I. Habitual ebriety ; ebriositas ; 
vinolentia; bibendi intemperantla, Cic. II. Actual 
intoxication; ebrietas, Hor.; vinolentia, Cic.; temu- 
lentia, Plin. 

DRY. a. Siccus ; aridus, Cic. ; humore carens, Virg. ; 
sitiens, Plin. ; jejunus ; siticulosus, Col. ; siccatus, Ov. ; 
fxsiecatus, Plin. Dry land ; solidissima tellus, Ov. 
A dry style; exsanguis sermo, Cic.; oratio jejuna, 
^uitit 4 dry reprimand ; verborum acrior gravitas, 



To DRY. v.a. I. To free from moisture ; siccare, 
Ov. ; exsiccare, Cic. ; desiccare, Plin. ; assiccare, Col. ; 
arefacere, Plin. ; siccitatem inferre. II. To wipe 

away moisture; tergere; detergere; extergere, Cic.; 
abstergere, Ov. III. To drain; exhaurire ; exiua- 

nire ; vacuum facere ; exsiccare. IV Dry up your 

tears ; parcite lacrymis. 

To DRY. v. n. Arescere ; exarescere, Cic. ; sicces- 
cere; assiccesere, Col. ; exarefieri, Plin. ; arere, Plaut. 

To dry up ; inarescere, Cic. ; penitus siccari, Col The 

rivers dried up ; evanuerunt et exaruerunt amnes, Plin. 

DRYER, s. Desiccandi vi pollens. 

DRY-EYED, a. Pumiceis oculis, Plaut. ; siccis oculis. 

DRYLY, ad. I. Without moisture; sicce, Col.; in 
sicco, Liv. II. Coldly; parum comiter, or officiose ; 
asperius. III. Without ornament; sicce; jejune; 
exiliter, Cic. 

DRYNESS. s. I. Want of moisture ; siccitas, Cic.; 
ariditas, Plin. ; aritudo, Varr. ; sitis, Ov. II. Want 
of embellishment ; orationis siccitas, jejunitas, exilitas ; 
exsangue dicendi genus, Cic. 

To DRY-NURSE, v. a. Infantem a lacte removere, a 
mamma disjungere, Varr. ; a lacte, ab ubere, or a nutrice, 

DRY-SHOD, a. Siccis pedibus, Caeg. 

DUAL. a. Dualis, Quint. 

To DUB. v. a. Creare, Cic. ; eligere ; dicere ; con- 
stituere, Cic. Self-dubbed ; falso habitus. 

DUBIOUS, a. I. Doubting ; incertus; dubius; du- 
bius animi, or sententiae ; anceps ; dubitans ; animo fluc- 
tuans ; animo suspensus ; opinabilis. II. Uncertain; 
incertus ; anceps ; ambiguus ; dubius ; quod in contro- 
versiam vocari potest, Cic. 

DUBIOUSLY, ad. Dubie ; dubitanter, Cic. 

DUBIOUSNESS, s. Dubium; anceps animus ; dubitatio, 
Cic.; incertum, Tac. ; animi fluctuatio, Liv. ; mentis 
haesitatio, Cic. 

DUBITABLE. a. Quod in controversiam vocari potest, 
Cic. See also, DUBIOUS, II. 

DUBITATION. s. Dabitatio ; dubiura, Cic. 

DUCAL, a. Ducalis. 

DUCAT, s. A gold coin ; ducatus nummus. 

DUCK. s. I. A bird; anas, Mart. II. Female of 
a drake ; anas femina. III. A stone thrown obliquely 
on the water so as to strike it and rebound ; lapilli sub- 
sultim crispantis aquas jactus. IV. (A word of en- 
dearment) ; charissime ; dulcisshne rerum, Hor. ; cor- 
culum, Ter. V A tame duck ; anas cicur, domestica. 
A duck decoy ; locus ubi fiunt anatibus insidiae. A 
small wild duck ; anaticula fera. 

To DUCK. v. n. I. To dive as a duck; urinare ; 
inurinare, Col. ; urinari, Plin. ; in aquam se mergere, 
immergere, Cic. II. To drop down the head like a 
duck; caput inflectere, demittere, Cic. III. To 
cringe ; alicui capite obstipo blandiri. 

To DUCK. v. a. In aqua, or aquam, mergere, demer- 
gere, immergere, Cic. 

DUCKER. s. A diver ; urinator, Liv. ; Cic. 

DUCKING. *. Immersio. 

DUCKLING. *. Anaticula, Cic. 

DUCT. s. I Guidance; curatio ; rectio ; admini- 
stratio ; gubernatio ; custodia ; regimen, Cic. II. A 
passage ; ductus, us, Cic. ; canalis, Vitr. 

DUCTILE, a. I. Easy to be drawn out into length ; 
ductilis, Plin. II. Flexible ; flexibilis, Ov. ; flexilis, 
Plin.; lentus, Virg. III. Tractable; flexibilis; trac- 
tabilis, Plin. 

DUCTILENESS or DUCTILITY. *. I. Flexibility ; duc- 
tilitas. II. Obsequiousness ; docilitas, Cic. ; obsequen- 
tia ; obsequium, Cic. 

DUDGEON, s. I. A small dagger, sicula, Plaut. ; 
pugiunculus, Cic. II. Malice, ill will; ira ; offensio ; 
offensa ; indignatio To take in dudgeon ; iniquo animo 
ferre, Ter. ; in malam partem, or contumeliam, accipere, 
Cic. ; male interprotari, Suet. 

DUE. a. I. Owed; debitus, Cic. II. Fit; ido- 
neus ; conveniens ; necessarius ; congruens ; aptus, 
Cic. In due form ; rite, Cic. 

DUE. ad- Ut par, or aequum, est ; rite ; opportune ; 
accurate, Cic. 

DUE. s. I. That which belongs to one ; debitum ; 
jus, Cic. II. What custom or laic requires to be done ; 
officii munus; debitum oflicium, Cic. III. Custom, 
tribute; vectigal ; portorium ; tributum, Cic To give 
every one his due ; suum cuique tribuere, Cic. 

DUEL or DUELLING, s. Duellum, Hor.; certamen 
singulare, or duorum inter se. 

To DUEL. v. n. Viritim cum altero dimicare. Curt. 

DUELLER or DUELLIST, s. Qui laudem e pugnis sin- 
gularibus sibi vindicat. 

DUG. s. Papilla, Col.; uber ; mamma, Plin.; mamilla, 

DUKE. s. Dux ; satrapes, Ter. ; Nep. ; satrapa, Curt. 

DUKEDOM, s. Ducatus, us ; satrapia, or, satrapoa, 

DULCET, a. I. Sweet to the taste; dulcis : suavis ; 
raellitus, Cic. II. Harmonious ; musicus, Cic. ; mo- 



dulatus, Quint. A dulcet voice ; vox suavis et canora, 
dulcis, Cic., amcena Ov. 

DULCIFICATION. *. Lenimentum, Plin. ; mollitudo. 

To DULCIFY or DULCORATE. v. a, Acida mitigare. 

DULCIMER, s. Cithara To play upon the dulcimer ; 

citharizare, Nep. A player on the dulcimer ; citharista, 

se, m., Cic. ; fern, citharistria, se, f., Ter. 

DULL. a. I. Stupid; stupidus ; stipes ; hebes, Cic. , 
plumbeus, Ter. ; tardus ; stolidus, Cic. II. Blunt; 
retusus, Hor. ; obtusus ; hebes, Col. ; hebetatus, Sil. 
Ital. III. Awkward; dexteritatis expers ; rei pa- 

rum habilis, Cic. IV. Sad; tristis ; maestus ; mse- 
rens, Cic. ; melancholicus, Cic. V. Sluggish ; lentus ; 
tardus, Cic.; torpens, Lucr. VI. Gross ; pinguis ; 
crassus; densus, Cic. ; spissus, Virg. VII. Not exhi- 
larating ; taedium, or satietatem, afferens ; odiosus ; 
molestus ; gravis, Cic. ; insuavis, Cic. VIII. JVot 
bright ; infuscatus ; opacus ; umbrosus; decolor, Cic. 
A dull day; dies nubilus, nebulosus, or caliginosus, 
Plin. JX. Drowsy ; sopitus ; semisomnus ; somni- 

culosus, Cic A dull noise ; murmur caecum, Virg. 

X. A dull colour ; color nubilus, or surdus, Plin 

To be dull of hearing ; aures hebetes habere, Cic. 

To DULL. v. a. I. To stupefy ; stupefacere, Liv. ; 
stolidum, or insulsum, facere ; hebetem reddere. II. 
To blunt; retundere, Cic. ; hebetare, Plin. ; exsurdare, 
Hor, III. To sadden ; contristare; tristitia afficere; 
maerore conficere; maestitiam afferre, Cic. VI. To 
weaken ; debilitare ; frangere ; jmminuere ; lenire ; mi- 
tigare ; infirmare, Cic. V. To damp ; tardare ; re- 
mittere; relaxare, Cic. VI. To make weary ; las- 
sare ; fatigare ; defatigare, Cic. VII. To sully bright- 
ness ; rei nitorem obscurare, infuscare, exstinguere, 
Cic. ; maculare, Nep. 

DULL-WITTED, a. Ingenio cunctantior, Liv. 
DULLY, ad. I. Stupidly ; stolide; fatue; stulte, 
Cic. II. Slowly; lente ; tarde, Cic. 111. J^ot 

brightly ; parum splendide, Cic. ; segniter, Liv. 

DULNESS. 5. I. Stupidity ; stupiditas ; stupor, Cic. 

II. Drowsiness ; sopor, Virg. III. Sluggishness; 

lentitudo; tarditas, Cic.; inertia; segnities. IV. 

Dimness; oculorum habetatio, Plin. V. Bluntness ; 

hebetatio; hebetude. 

DULY, ad. Ut par, or aequum, est ; rite ; apte ; con- 
gruenter; convenienter ; accurate; sedulo, Cic. 
DUMB. a. Mutus, Cic To strike dumb ; elinguem 

reddere, Cic To grow dumb; obmutescere, Cic. 

DUMBNESS. *. Muti vitium. 

DUMP. s. Tristitia ; msestitia ; maeror ; aegritudo ; 
meditatio To be in the dumps ; maerore confici. 
DUMPISH, a. Tristis ; maestus ; melancholicus, Cic. 
DUMPY, a. Breviter in artus suos concretus, Propert. 
DUN. a. I. Brown and black ; subniger ; fuscus, 
Cic. II. Dark ; obscurus, Virg. ; tenebrosus, Varr. ; 
nubilus; wirdus Yellow dun; color melinus ; subal- 

To DUN. v. a. Pecuniam debitam efflagitare ; impor- 
tune exigere. To dun the ears ; aures obtundere, Col 
DUN. s. Creditor importunus. 
DUNCE, s. Bardus ; stolidus ; stultus ; fatuus ; insul 
BUS ; ineptus ; hebes, Cic. ; homo plumbeus, Ter. 

DUNG. s. Stercus, Cic. ; fimum, Virg. ; fimus, Col 

Mouse-dung; muscerda, Varr.; murinum fimum, Plin. 

To DUNG. v. a. Agrum stercorare ; laetificare, Cic. ; 

stercore satiare, Col. ; solum pingui fimo saturare, 

Virg The act oj dunging ; stercoratio, Col. 

To DUNG, v . n. Stercus emittere, or reddere, Plin. 
DUNGEON. 5. Area ; career obscurus, Cic. 
DUNGHILL, s. Sterquilinium, Col. ; fimetum, Plin. 
DUNGHILL, a. Humilis ; vilis ; abjectus; contemnen- 
dus ; despiciendus, Cic. 

DUNGHILL FOWL. s. Volatile pecus ; aves cohortales, 

DUNG-YARD, .s. Officina cohortalis ; cohors, Col. 
DUPE. s. Credulus ; stolidus, Cic Look for another 
dupe; quaere peregrinum, Hor. 

To DUPE. v. a. Illudere ; ludificari, Cic. ; delu- 
dere, Ter. 

To DUPLICATE, v. a. I. To double; duplicare 
geminare ; duplo augere, Cic. II. To fold; repli- 

DUPLICATE, s. Litterarum secundum exemplum 
apographum, Cic. 

DUPLICATURE. s. Duplicatio, Vitr. 
DUPLICATION, s. I. A doubling ; geminatio, Cic. 
duplicatio, Sen. II. A fold ; sinus, Virg. : ruga 
plicatura ; Plin. 

DUPLICITY, s. Multiplex ingenium ; calliditas ; Cic. 
vafritia, Sen. 

DURABILITY or DURABLENESS. s. Diuturnitas ; Ion 
ginquitas, Cic. 

DURABLE, a. Durabilis, Ov A durable work 
opus mansurum, Ov. 

DURABLY, ad. Firme, Cic. ; firmiter, Caes. 
DURA MATER, s. (In anatomy); membrana cerebrum 

DURANCE, s. I. Imprisonment; in carcerem con 

ectio ; custodia ; career ; vincula, Cic. II. Duration ; 

onginquitas, Cic. 

DURATION, s. Temporis spatium ; diuturnitas ; lon- 

nquitas, Cic. Infinite duration ; perennitas, Cic. 

To DURE. v. n. Durare ; manere ; stare; perstare, 
>ic. ; perdurare, Plin. ; perennare, Col. 

DURING, prep. Per ; inter. 

DUSK. a. I. A little dark; subobscurus, Cic. ; sub- 
ubilus, Caes. II. A little black; subniger, Varr.; 
bater ; obniger ; nigrans, Plin. ; fuscus, Col. 

DUSK. s. I. Incipient obscurity ; crepusculum 

'n the dusk of evening; primis tenebris ; obscura 
am luce ; Liv. ; luce dubia, Sen. ; primo vespere, 
7aes. ; vesperascente die, Tac. ; vergente jam die, Suet. 
II. Darkness of colour ; color surdus, or satura- 
ior, Plin. 

To DUSK. v. a. Caliginem inducere, Cic. ; obcaecare, 
,iv. ; obscurare. 

To DUSK. v. n. Obscurari, Cic. 

DUSKILY or DUSKISHLY. ad. Obscure, Cic. 

DUSKY or DUSKISH. a. Subniger, Varr.; obater ; 
bniger ; nigrans, Plin. ; fuscus, Col. ; subfuscus, Tac. 

DUST. s. Pulvis, Hor. Very fine dust ; pulvisculus, 

'laut. File dust ; scobis, Cels. ; ramentum, Plaut 

The dust of a house ; purgamenta, Col. To raise a 
dust; pulverem excitare, Col., movere, Virg To 
f aise from the dust ; humilem e pulvere excitare ; ab- 
ectum erigere, Ov. To return to dust; in pulverem 
esolvi, Plin. 

DUST-BOX. *. Plena pulvisculo pyxis. 

To DUST. v. a. I. To free from dust; scopula de- 
ergere, Col. ; purgare ; expurgare, Col. ; mundare, 
?lin. II. To sprinkle with dust ; pulvere conspergere. 

DUSTER, s. A cloth to wipe with ; peniculus ; or, peni- 
culum, Col. ; penicillum, Plin. 

DUSTMAN. 5. Qui plaustro lutum ex urbe avehit. 

DUSTY, a. Pulverulentus, Cic. ; pulvereus, Claud 

Dusty shoes ; multus in calceis pulvis, Cic. 

DUTCH. *. The Dutch language; lingua Batava, 

DUTCH, a. Hollandus; Batavus. 

DUTCHESS. s. Ducissa. 

DUTCHMAN, s. Hollandus; Batavus. 

DUTCHWOMAN. 5. Batava. 

DUTCHY. s. Ducatus, us. 

DUTEOUS or DUTIFUL, a. I. Obsequious ; morige- 
rus; obediens, Cic.; obtemperans, Liv.; reverens, Plin.; 
observantissimus, Cic. 11. Enjoined by duty ; vim ha- 
bens obligations. 

DUTIFULLY, ad. Obedienter, Liv. ; verecunde, Cic.; 
reverenter, Plin. 

DUTIFULNESS. *. Revercntia ; observantia ; honor, 
Cic. ; veneratio, Plin. ; obsequium, Curt. 

DUTY. s. I. That to which a man is b